Difference between revisions of "Glossary of Pathology"

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Latest revision as of 12:21, 15 August 2019

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

#-A

  • A   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen;  the 1st letter of the Roman alphabet;  the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a metric unit of length equal to one ten billionth of a meter (or 0.0001 micron); used to specify wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation;  (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  any of several fat soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • AA protein.
  • ABC staging.
  • Aberranthyroid.
  • Abscess   noun symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
  • amoebic liver.
  • apical   adj. situated at an apex
  • appendix   noun a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch;  supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
  • Bartholin   noun Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585 1629)
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • brain   noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord;  mental ability;  the brain of certain animals used as meat;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality;  verb kill by smashing someone's skull;  hit on the head
  • breast   noun the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen;  either of two soft fleshy milk secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman;  meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit;  meet at breast level;  confront bodily
  • Brodie.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • cold   adj. lacking the warmth of life;  of a seeker; far from the object sought;  unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication;  feeling or showing no enthusiasm;  having lost freshness through passage of time;  used of physical coldness; having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration;  extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion;  without compunction or human feeling;  sexually unresponsive;  so intense as to be almost uncontrollable;  no longer new; uninteresting;  marked by errorless familiarity;  (color) giving no sensation of warmth;  noun the sensation produced by low temperatures;  a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs);  the absence of heat
  • cryptf.
  • Darier Pautrier.
  • liver   adj. having a reddish brown color;  noun large and complicated reddish brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn out erythrocytes;  liver of an animal used as meat;  someone who lives in a place;  a person who has a special life style
  • lung   noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • pelvic   adj. of or relating to the pelvis
  • perinephric.
  • peritonsillar.
  • psoas   noun either of two muscles of the abdomen and pelvis that flex the trunk and rotate the thigh
  • pyaemicf.
  • pyogenic   adj. producing pus
  • retropharyngeal.
  • stitch   noun sewing consisting of a link or loop or knot made by drawing a threaded needle through a fabric;  a sharp spasm of pain in the side resulting from running;  verb fasten by sewing; do needlework
  • tubo ovarian.
  • Absolute values.
  • Acanthocytosis   noun the presence of acanthocytes in the blood stream (as in abetalipoproteinemia)
  • Acantholysis   noun a breakdown of a cell layer in the epidermis (as in pemphigus)
  • Acanthosis   noun an abnormal but benign thickening of the prickle cell layer of the skin (as in psoriasis)
  • Acanthosis nigricans   noun a skin disease characterized by dark wartlike patches in the body folds; can be benign or malignant
  • Accumulations intracellular.
  • proteins.
  • Acetyl choline receptors.
  • AChRs.
  • Acidophil body.
  • Achalasia.
  • Achlorhydria   noun an abnormal deficiency or absence of free hydrochloric acid in the gastric juice; often associated with severe anemias and cancer of the stomach
  • Achondroplasia   noun an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
  • Acid phosphatase.
  • bony   adj. having bones especially many or prominent bones;  very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold;  composed of or containing bone
  • prostatic   adj. relating to the prostate gland
  • Acid base balance.
  • Acidast staining.
  • Acidophil indext.
  • Acidosis   noun abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • metabolic   adj. undergoing metamorphosis;  of or relating to metabolism
  • respiratory   adj. pertaining to respiration
  • Acinic cell carcinoma salivary gland.
  • Acinus liver.
  • Acinus lung.
  • Ackerman Lauren.
  • Acne vulgaris   noun the most common form of acne; usually affects people from puberty to young adulthood
  • Acoustic neuroma.
  • Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
  • AIDS   noun a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • The letter after page number inhe index below denotesable andhe letter standsorigure onhat page.
  • clinical manifestations of.
  • CDC classification of.
  • CNS manifestations in.
  • epidemiology of.
  • etiologic agent of.
  • Kaposi.
  • s sarcoma in.
  • laboratory diagnosis of.
  • natural history of.
  • oral manifestations in.
  • paediatric   adj. of or relating to the medical care of children
  • pathogenesis of.
  • pathologic changes in.
  • pneumonias int.
  • routes ofransmission of.
  • tuberculosis in.
  • Acrochordons.
  • Acromegaly   noun enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
  • ACTH   noun a hormone produced by the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates the adrenal cortex
  • Actinic keratosis   noun an overgrowth of skin layers resulting from extended exposure to the sun
  • Actinomycosis   noun disease of cattle that can be transmitted to humans; results from infection with actinomycetes; characterized by hard swellings that exude pus through long sinuses
  • Activated partialhromboplastinime.
  • APTT.
  • Acute inflammation see under.
  • Inflammation acute.
  • Acute phase reactant proteins.
  • Acuteransforming viruses.
  • Adamantinoma.
  • Adaptations cellular.
  • Addison.
  • s disease.
  • Addisonhomas.
  • Addisonian anaemia.
  • Addressins.
  • Adenoameloblastoma.
  • Adenocarcinoma kidney.
  • Adenocarcinoma oesophagus.
  • Adenocarcinoma prostate.
  • Adenocarcinoma   noun malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
  • salivary gland   noun any of three pairs of glands in the mouth and digestive system that secrete saliva for digestion
  • urinary bladder   noun a membranous sac for temporary retention of urine
  • Adenofibroma ovary.
  • Adenoid cystic carcinoma.
  • Adenolymphoma.
  • Adenoma   noun a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
  • adrenocortical   adj. of or derived from the cortex of the adrenal glands
  • bile duct   noun a duct formed by the hepatic and cystic ducts; opens into the duodenum
  • breast   noun the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen;  either of two soft fleshy milk secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman;  meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit;  meet at breast level;  confront bodily
  • bronchial   adj. relating to or associated with the bronchi
  • cortical adrenal.
  • cortical kidney.
  • follicular   adj. of or relating to or constituting a follicle
  • hepatocellular.
  • Hurthle cell.
  • monomorphic.
  • oxyphil.
  • parathyroid   noun any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
  • pituitary   adj. of or relating to the pituitary gland;  having abnormal size with overgrown extremities resulting from abnormal pituitary secretion;  noun the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
  • pleomorphic   adj. relating to or characterized by pleomorphism
  • sebaceous   adj. containing an unusual amount of grease or oil
  • thyroid   adj. suggestive of a thyroid disorder;  of or relating to the thyroid gland;  noun located near the base of the neck
  • tubular   adj. constituting a tube; having hollow tubes (as for the passage of fluids)
  • tubulovillous.
  • villoglandular.
  • villous.
  • Adenoma carcinoma sequence colon.
  • f   noun the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • Adenomyosis   noun the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
  • Adenosis sclerosing.
  • Adenoviruses.
  • ADH   noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • Adhesion molecules.
  • Adiposeissueumours of.
  • Adnexal   adj. of or pertaining to adnexa
  • appendageal.
  • umours.
  • Adrenal crisis.
  • Adrenal gland   noun either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • cortex   noun the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal;  the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
  • in shock.
  • medulla   noun the inner part of an organ or structure in plant or animal;  lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata);  a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibers
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Adrenal virilism.
  • Adrenocortical hyperfunction.
  • Adrenocortical insufficiency.
  • acute primary.
  • adrenal crisis.
  • chronic primary.
  • Addison.
  • s disease.
  • secondary   adj. belonging to a lower class or rank;  not of major importance;  being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate;  depending on or incidental to what is original or primary;  inferior in rank or status;  noun the defensive football players who line up behind the linemen;  coil such that current is induced in it by passing a current through the primary coil
  • Adrenogenital syndrome.
  • Adult cell leukaemia lymphoma.
  • ATLL.
  • Aeroembolism   noun pain resulting from rapid change in pressure; obstruction of the circulatory system caused by an air bubble as, e.g., accidentally during surgery or hypodermic injection or as a complication from scuba diving
  • AgNOR.
  • Aflatoxin B.
  • Agenesis   noun imperfect development; nondevelopment of a part
  • Aggregation platelet.
  • Aging cellular.
  • organ changes in.
  • Agranulocytosis   noun an acute blood disorder (often caused by radiation or drug therapy) characterized by severe reduction in granulocytes
  • AGUS.
  • AIDS dementia complex.
  • Air dried smears versus wetdried smears.
  • Air pollution   noun pollution of the atmosphere
  • AJC staging.
  • AL protein.
  • Albinism   noun the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
  • Albright syndrome.
  • Alcian blue.
  • Alcoholic hyalin.
  • Alcoholic liver disease and cirrhosis.
  • alcohol metabolism inf.
  • hepatitis in.
  • laboratory diagnosis of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • riskactors in.
  • steatosis.
  • Alcoholism   noun habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms;  an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • Aldosterone   noun a corticosteroid hormone that is secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland; regulates salt (sodium and potassium) and water balance
  • Alizarin red S.
  • Alkaline phosphatase.
  • Alkalosis   noun abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • metabolic   adj. undergoing metamorphosis;  of or relating to metabolism
  • respiratory   adj. pertaining to respiration
  • Alkaptonuria   noun a rare recessive metabolic anomaly marked by ochronosis and the presence of alkapton in the urine
  • Allergic vasculitis.
  • Allergy   noun hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen; symptoms can vary greatly in intensity
  • Allograft   noun tissue or organ transplanted from a donor of the same species but different genetic makeup; recipient's immune system must be suppressed to prevent rejection of the graft
  • Alpha antitrypsin deficiency.
  • cirrhosis in.
  • emphysema   noun an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
  • Alphaoetoprotein.
  • AFP   noun an abnormally large amount of this fetoprotein in the fetus can signal an abnormality of the neural tube (as spina bifida or anencephaly)
  • Alpha protease inhibitor.
  • Alport.
  • s syndrome.
  • Alternate pathway disease.
  • Altitude high.
  • Alveolar proteinosis.
  • Alveolar septa.
  • Alveolar soft part sarcoma.
  • Alzheimer.
  • s disease.
  • Amaurosis   noun partial or total loss of sight without pathology of the eye; caused by disease of optic nerve or retina or brain
  • Ameloblastoma.
  • malignant   adj. dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
  • American Joint Committee.
  • AJC.
  • staging   noun getting rid of a stage of a multistage rocket;  travel by stagecoach;  a system of scaffolds;  the production of a drama on the stage
  • Ames.
  • est   noun standard time in the 5th time zone west of Greenwich, reckoned at the 75th meridian; used in the eastern United States
  • Aminotransferaset.
  • Amnioticluid embolism.
  • Amoebiasis   noun infection by a disease causing ameba
  • Amoeboma.
  • Ampulla of Vater carcinoma of.
  • Amyloidosis   noun a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma
  • AA protein.
  • AL protein.
  • alimentaryract.
  • biopsy in.
  • cardiac   adj. of or relating to the heart
  • chemical nature of.
  • classification of.
  • diagnosis of.
  • dialysis associated.
  • endocrine   adj. of or belonging to endocrine glands or their secretions;  noun any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream;  the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • enhancingactor.
  • AEF.
  • fibril proteins in.
  • glycosaminoglycans.
  • haemodialysis associated.
  • heart   noun a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it;  an inclination or tendency of a certain kind;  the courage to carry on;  the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body;  the locus of feelings and intuitions;  a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal);  a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  a positive feeling of liking;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region
  • heredofamilial.
  • immunohistochemistry in.
  • in diabetes mellitus.
  • in leprosy.
  • in medullary carcinoma.
  • thyroid   adj. suggestive of a thyroid disorder;  of or relating to the thyroid gland;  noun located near the base of the neck
  • inuberculosis.
  • kidneys.
  • liver   adj. having a reddish brown color;  noun large and complicated reddish brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn out erythrocytes;  liver of an animal used as meat;  someone who lives in a place;  a person who has a special life style
  • localised   adj. made local or oriented locally;  confined or restricted to a particular location
  • metachromasia in.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • nonibrillar components in.
  • physical nature of.
  • P component of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • polarising microscopy in.
  • primary systemic.
  • prion proteins in.
  • secondary systemic.
  • reactive   adj. participating readily in reactions;  tending to react to a stimulus
  • senile   adj. mentally or physically infirm with age
  • spleen   noun a large dark red oval organ on the left side of the body between the stomach and the diaphragm; produces cells involved in immune responses;  a feeling of resentful anger
  • staining characteristics of.
  • systemic   adj. affecting an entire system
  • transthyretin in.
  • tumourorming.
  • Amyotropic lateral sclerosis.
  • Anaemia of blood loss.
  • Anaemia of chronic disorders.
  • Anaemia aplastic.
  • causes of.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • etiology and classification of.
  • laboratoryindings in.
  • treatment of.
  • Anaemia Cooley.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Anaemiaanconi.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Anaemia general considerations.
  • classification of.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • investigations of.
  • pathophysiology of.
  • Anaemia haemolytic.
  • acquired   adj. gotten through environmental forces
  • extracorpuscular.
  • autoimmune   adj. of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
  • AIHA.
  • classification of.
  • cold antibody.
  • congenital   adj. present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • definition of.
  • drug induced AIHA.
  • extracorpuscular.
  • generaleatures of.
  • Heinz body.
  • hereditary   adj. inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent;  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • intracorpuscular.
  • immunohaemolytic.
  • in directoxic effects.
  • in splenomegaly.
  • intracorpuscular.
  • isoimmune.
  • microangiopathic.
  • red cell membrane defects.
  • warm antibody.
  • Anaemia haemorrhagic.
  • Anaemia hypochromic.
  • Anaemia iron deficiency.
  • bone marrowindings in.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • etiology of.
  • iron metabolism in.
  • laboratoryindings in.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • treatment of.
  • Anaemia Mediterranean.
  • Anaemia megaloblastic.
  • biochemical basis of.
  • biochemicalindings in.
  • bone marrowindings in.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • etiology and classification of.
  • laboratoryindings in.
  • treatment of.
  • Anaemia microcytic hypochromic.
  • Anaemia myelophthisic.
  • Anaemia normocytic and normochromic.
  • Anaemia pernicious.
  • Anaemia sideroblastic.
  • classification of.
  • Anal canalumours of.
  • Analissure.
  • Anaphase lag.
  • Anaphylactic reaction.
  • Anaphylatoxinsf.
  • Anaplasia   noun loss of structural differentiation within a cell or group of cells often with increased capacity for multiplication, as in a malignant tumor
  • Anasarca   noun generalized edema with accumulation of serum in subcutaneous connective tissue
  • Anatomy morbid.
  • Androblastoma.
  • ovary   noun (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone;  the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • testis   noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • Anencephaly   noun a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
  • Aneuploidy   noun an abnormality involving a chromosome number that is not an exact multiple of the haploid number (one chromosome set is incomplete)
  • Aneurysmal bone cyst.
  • Aneurysms.
  • atherosclerotic   adj. of or relating to atherosclerosis
  • berry   noun any of numerous small and pulpy edible fruits; used as desserts or in making jams and jellies and preserves;  United States rock singer (born in 1931);  a small fruit having any of various structures, e.g., simple (grape or blueberry) or aggregate (blackberry or raspberry);  verb pick or gather berries
  • classification of.
  • definition of.
  • dissecting.
  • syphilitic   adj. of or relating to or infected with syphilis;  noun a person suffering from syphilis
  • luetic.
  • Angiitis   noun inflammation of a blood vessel or lymph duct
  • Angina pectoris   noun a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
  • Angina preinfarction.
  • Angina Ludwig.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Angina Vincent.
  • Angiodysplasia.
  • Angiofibroma nasopharyngeal.
  • Angiogenesis   noun the formation of new blood vessels
  • Angiomyolipoma.
  • Angioneurotic oedema.
  • Angioplasty   noun an operation to repair a damaged blood vessel or unblock a coronary artery
  • balloon   noun large tough nonrigid bag filled with gas or heated air; small thin inflatable rubber bag with narrow neck;  verb become inflated;  ride in a hot air balloon
  • Angiosarcoma   noun a rare malignant neoplasm arising from vascular tissue; usually occurs in the breast and skin and is believed to originate from the endothelial cells of blood vessels
  • Angiotensin   noun any of several vasoconstrictor substances (trade name Hypertensin) that cause narrowing of blood vessels
  • Anisocytosis.
  • Anisonucleosis.
  • Anitschkow cells.
  • Ankyrin.
  • Ann Arbor staging.
  • in Hodgkin.
  • s disease.
  • in non Hodgkin.
  • s lymphoma.
  • Annexin V.
  • Anoxia brain.
  • Anthracosisf.
  • Anthrax   noun a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia;  a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people
  • Anti D.
  • Antibody   noun any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
  • Antibody dependent cell mediated cytotoxicity.
  • ADCC.
  • Antidiuretic hormone   noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • ADH   noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • Anti endothelial cell antibodies.
  • AECAs.
  • Anti GBM disease.
  • Anti heart antibodies.
  • Anti neutrophilic cytoplasmic antibodies.
  • ANCAs.
  • Anti oncogenes.
  • versus oncogenes.
  • Antigen   noun any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
  • tumour   noun an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  • tumour associated.
  • tumour specific.
  • Antigen antibody complex.
  • Antinuclear antibodies.
  • ANAs   noun type genus of the Anatidae: freshwater ducks
  • Antioxidants.
  • Antisperm antibodies.
  • Antithiamines.
  • Antithromboticactors.
  • Antoni A and B.
  • Aortic arch syndrome.
  • Aortic atheroma versus.
  • syphilitic aortitis.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Aortic valve   noun a semilunar valve between the left ventricle and the aorta; prevents blood from flowing from the aorta back into the heart
  • atresia   noun an abnormal condition in which a normal opening or tube in the body (as the urethra) is closed or absent
  • insufficiency   noun lack of an adequate quantity or number; (pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally;  a lack of competence
  • stenosis   noun abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
  • Aortitis syphilitic.
  • versus aortic atheroma.
  • APC gene.
  • Apical abscess.
  • Apical granuloma.
  • Aplasia   noun failure of some tissue or organ to develop
  • Apocrineumours.
  • Apoplectic cyst.
  • Apoptosis   noun a type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellular machinery to kill itself; a cell suicide mechanism that enables metazoans to control cell number and eliminate cells that threaten the animal's survival
  • versus necrosis.
  • Apoptotic bodies.
  • Appendicitis   noun inflammation of the vermiform appendix
  • Appendix   noun a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch;  supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
  • mucocele of.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • APUD cell system.
  • Apudoma.
  • Arachidonic acid metabolites.
  • Argentaffin cells.
  • Argentaffinoma.
  • Argyria.
  • Arias Stella reaction.
  • Ariboflavinosis.
  • Armanni Ebstein lesions.
  • Arnold Chiari malformation.
  • Arrhenoblastoma.
  • Arrhythmias.
  • Arsenic poisoning.
  • Arteries normal structure off.
  • Arteriolitis necrotising.
  • Arteriolosclerosis   noun sclerosis of the arterioles
  • hyaline   adj. resembling glass in transparency or translucency; noun a glassy translucent material that occurs in hyaline cartilage or in certain skin conditions
  • hyperplastic.
  • necrotising.
  • Arteriosclerosis   noun sclerosis of the arterial walls
  • hypertensive   adj. having abnormally high blood pressure;  noun a person who has abnormally high blood pressure
  • M   noun the 13th letter of the Roman alphabet;  concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per liter of solution;  the basic unit of length adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites (approximately 1.094 yards)
  • nckeberg.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • senile   adj. mentally or physically infirm with age
  • Arteriovenous   adj. connecting an artery to a vein
  • malformations.
  • Arteritis   noun inflammation of an artery
  • cerebral syphilitic.
  • giant cell.
  • Heubner.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • hypersensitivity   noun extreme sensitivity;  pathological sensitivity
  • allergic   adj. having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor);  characterized by or caused by allergy
  • infectious   adj. easily spread;  caused by infection or capable of causing infection;  of or relating to infection
  • non infectious.
  • rheumatic   adj. of or pertaining to arthritis;  noun a person suffering with rheumatism
  • syphilitic   adj. of or relating to or infected with syphilis;  noun a person suffering from syphilis
  • Takayasu.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • temporal   adj. of this earth or world;  not eternal;  concerned with secular rather than sacred matters;  of the material world;  of or relating to the temples (the sides of the skull behind the orbit);  of or relating to or limited by time;  noun the semantic role of the noun phrase that designating the time of the state or action denoted by the verb
  • giant cell.
  • Arthritis   noun inflammation of a joint or joints
  • gouty   adj. suffering from gout
  • osteoarthritis   noun chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
  • rheumatoid   adj. of or pertaining to arthritis
  • suppurative   adj. relating to or characterized by suppuration
  • tuberculous   adj. constituting or afflicted with or caused by tuberculosis or the tubercle bacillus
  • Arthus reaction.
  • Asbestos bodies.
  • Asbestos disease.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • Aschoff cells.
  • Aschoff nodules.
  • bodies.
  • Ascites   noun accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
  • Asclepios.
  • Ascorbic acid   noun a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • ASCUS   noun saclike structure in which ascospores are formed through sexual reproduction of ascomycetes
  • Aspergillosis   noun disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ears and respiratory organs;  an opportunistic infection by a fungus of the genus Aspergillus; characterized by inflammation and lesions of the ear and other organs;  severe respiratory disease of birds that takes the form of an acute rapidly fatal pneumonia in young chickens and turkeys
  • Aspiration bone marrow.
  • Aspirinherapy in plateletunctions.
  • Aster Coller stagingt.
  • Asteroid bodies.
  • Asthma   noun respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • extrinsic versus intrinsic.
  • Astrocytoma.
  • Ataxiaelangiectasia.
  • Atelectasis   noun collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants); also failure of pulmonary alveoli to expand at birth
  • Atheroma   noun a fatty deposit in the intima (inner lining) of an artery; can obstruct blood flow
  • Atheromatous plaques.
  • calcification in.
  • complicated   adj. difficult to analyze or understand
  • Atherosclerosis   noun a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • alcohol in.
  • calcification in.
  • Chlamydia pneumoniae in.
  • clinical effects of.
  • coronary   adj. surrounding like a crown (especially of the blood vessels surrounding the heart);  noun obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • definition of.
  • etiology of.
  • homocystinuria in.
  • monoclonal hypothesis in.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • reactiono injury.
  • hypothesis in.
  • riskactors in.
  • viruses in.
  • Athleteoot.
  • Atmospheric pollutants.
  • ATP cellular.
  • Atresia   noun an abnormal condition in which a normal opening or tube in the body (as the urethra) is closed or absent
  • aortic   adj. of or relating to the aorta
  • biliary   adj. relating to the bile ducts or the gallbladder;  relating to or containing bile
  • intestinal   adj. of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • oesophageal.
  • pulmonary   adj. relating to or affecting the lungs
  • tricuspid   adj. having three cusps or points (especially a molar tooth)
  • Atrial septal defect   noun an abnormal opening between the left and right atria of the heart
  • ASD.
  • Atriopeptin hormone.
  • Atrophy   noun any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use);  a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse;  verb undergo atrophy
  • brown   adj. (of skin) deeply suntanned;  of a color similar to that of wood or earth;  noun an orange of low brightness and saturation; abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800 1858);  Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773 1858);  a university in Rhode Island;  verb fry in a pan until it changes color
  • testicular   adj. of or involving the testes
  • Atypical lymphocytes.
  • Atypical mycobacteria.
  • Auer rods.
  • Auerbach.
  • s plexus.
  • Auspitz sign.
  • Australia antigen.
  • Autocoids.
  • Autocrine motilityactor.
  • Autograft   noun tissue that is taken from one site and grafted to another site on the same person
  • Autohaemolysisest.
  • Autoimmune diseases.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • types and examples of.
  • Autolysis   noun lysis of plant or animal tissue by an internal process
  • Autophagy.
  • Autopsy pathology.
  • Autosomal disorders.
  • Avascular necrosis bone.
  • Axiallow.
  • Axonal degeneration.
  • Ayre.
  • s spatula.
  • Azotaemia   noun accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
  • B   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • Bacteraemia.
  • Bacterial diseases.
  • Bacterial endocarditis.
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • acute versus subacute.
  • cardiac complications in.
  • complications and sequelae of.
  • definition of.
  • etiology of.
  • extra cardiac complications of.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • predisposingactors in.
  • subacute   adj. less than acute; relating to a disease present in a person with no symptoms of it
  • Bacterial index.
  • BI   noun a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically); usually recovered as a by product from ores of other metals
  • in leprosy.
  • Bactericidal mechanisms.
  • Bagassosis   noun alveolitis caused by inhaling bagasse (sugarcane dust)
  • Balance acid base.
  • water and electrolyte.
  • Balanitis xerotica obliterans.
  • Ball valvehrombus.
  • Ballooning degeneration.
  • Bandingechniques.
  • Banti.
  • s spleen.
  • fibrocongestive splenomegaly.
  • s siderosis.
  • Barr body.
  • Barrett.
  • s oesophagus.
  • Bartholin   noun Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585 1629)
  • s cyst and abscess.
  • Basal cell carcinoma.
  • Basedow.
  • s disease.
  • Basement membranef.
  • Basophilia   noun the tendency of cells to stain with basic dyes
  • punctate.
  • Basophilic stippling.
  • Basophils.
  • Basosquamous carcinoma skin.
  • BAX protein.
  • BCG vaccination.
  • BCL ABL genef.
  • BCL.
  • Bedsores.
  • Behaviour pattern.
  • Bence Jones.
  • proteins.
  • Benditt and Benditt.
  • Benedict   noun Italian monk who founded the Benedictine order about 540 (480 547);  United States anthropologist (1887 1948);  a newly married man (especially one who has long been a bachelor)
  • sest.
  • Berger.
  • s disease.
  • Beriberi   noun avitaminosis caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B1)
  • cerebral   adj. involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • Wernicke Korsakoff syndrome.
  • dry   adj. practicing complete abstinence from alcoholic beverages; lacking warmth or emotional involvement;  having a large proportion of strong liquor;  without a mucous or watery discharge;  humorously sarcastic or mocking;  (of food) eaten without a spread or sauce or other garnish;  having no adornment or coloration;  unproductive especially of the expected results;  used of solid substances in contrast with liquid ones;  lacking interest or stimulation; dull and lifeless;  (of liquor) having a low residual sugar content because of decomposition of sugar during fermentation;  not shedding tears;  free from liquid or moisture; lacking natural or normal moisture or depleted of water; or no longer wet;  not producing milk;  opposed to or prohibiting the production and sale of alcoholic beverages;  lacking moisture or volatile components;  noun a reformer who opposes the use of intoxicating beverages;  verb remove the moisture from and make dry;  become dry or drier
  • heart disease in.
  • wet   adj. consisting of or trading in alcoholic liquor;  covered or soaked with a liquid such as water;  producing or secreting milk; supporting or permitting the legal production and sale of alcoholic beverages;  containing moisture or volatile components;  very drunk; noun wetness caused by water;  verb make one's bed or clothes wet by urinating;  cause to become wet
  • Bernard Soulier syndrome.
  • Berry aneurysms.
  • Berylliosis.
  • Beta carotene   noun an isomer of carotene that is found in dark green and dark yellow fruits and vegetables
  • Betaibrillosis.
  • Beta amyloid protein.
  • Beta microglobulin.
  • Betel nut cancer.
  • Bethesda system.
  • Bezoars.
  • Bichat Xavier.
  • Bicuspid aortic valve.
  • Bielschowsky silver stain.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Bile acids.
  • salts.
  • estor.
  • Bile lakes.
  • Bile plugs.
  • Biliary atresia.
  • Biliary cirrhosis.
  • contrastingeatures of.
  • Biliary system.
  • congenital anomalies of.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Bilirubin   noun an orange yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice
  • conjugated versus unconjugated.
  • testsor.
  • Bilirubin metabolism.
  • Biopsy surgical.
  • Bird breeders.
  • lung   noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • Birdlu.
  • Birefringencef.
  • Biotin   noun a B vitamin that aids in body growth
  • Bitot.
  • s spots.
  • Bittner milkactor.
  • Blackfan Diamond syndrome.
  • Blackwaterever.
  • Blast crisis in CML.
  • Blastomas.
  • Blastomycosis   noun any of several infections of the skin or mucous membrane caused by Blastomyces
  • Bleeding disorders also see under.
  • Haemorrhagic diatheses.
  • Blepharoplasts.
  • Bleedingime.
  • Blindness   noun the state of being blind or lacking sight
  • night   noun darkness;  the dark part of the diurnal cycle considered a time unit;  the time after sunset and before sunrise while it is dark outside;  the time between sunset and midnight;  the period spent sleeping;  a period of ignorance or backwardness or gloom;  a shortening of nightfall;  Roman goddess of night; daughter of Erebus; counterpart of Greek Nyx
  • Bloodilm examination.
  • Blood group antigens and antibodies.
  • ABO system   noun a classification system for the antigens of human blood; used in blood transfusion therapy; four groups are A and B and AB and O
  • Rh system.
  • Bloodransfusion.
  • complications of.
  • components in.
  • Blood vessels.
  • tumours andumour like lesions of.
  • Blood volume.
  • Blood brain barrier.
  • Bloom   noun a rosy color (especially in the cheeks) taken as a sign of good health;  the best time of youth;  a powdery deposit on a surface;  reproductive organ of angiosperm plants especially one having showy or colorful parts;  the organic process of bearing flowers;  the period of greatest prosperity or productivity;  verbproduce or yield flowers
  • s syndrome.
  • Blots.
  • northern   adj. situated in or coming from regions of the north;  in or characteristic of a region of the United States north of (approximately) the Mason Dixon line;  coming from the north; used especially of wind;  situated in or oriented toward the north;  noun a dialect of Middle English that developed into Scottish Lallans
  • southern   adj. situated in or coming from regions of the south;  in or characteristic of a region of the United States south of (approximately) the Mason Dixon line;  from the south; used especially of wind;  situated in or oriented toward the south
  • Blue dome cysts.
  • Boeck.
  • s sarcoid.
  • Bohr effect.
  • Boil   noun a painful sore with a hard core filled with pus;  the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level;  verb cook in boiling liquid;  bring to, or maintain at, the boiling point;  come to the boiling point and change from a liquid to vapor;  be in an agitated emotional state;  be agitated
  • Bombay blood group.
  • Bone   adj. consisting of or made up of bone;  noun a shade of white the color of bleached bones;  rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates;  the porous calcified substance from which bones are made;  verb remove the bones from;  study intensively, as before an exam
  • cysts.
  • lamellar.
  • metastaticumours in.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumour like lesions of.
  • tumours of.
  • woven   adj. made or constructed by interlacing threads or strips of material or other elements into a whole
  • Bone marrow   noun the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones;  very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones
  • aspiration versusrephine.
  • aspiration   noun a will to succeed;  a manner of articulation involving an audible release of breath;  the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing;  a cherished desire
  • examination   noun the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes);  the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned;  a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge;  a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits);  formal systematic questioning
  • failure   noun an unexpected omission;  an act that fails;  an event that does not accomplish its intended purpose;  a person with a record of failing; someone who loses consistently;  loss of ability to function normally;  lack of success;  inability to discharge all your debts as they come due
  • transplantation   noun the act of removing something from one location and introducing it in another location;  an operation moving an organ from one organism (the donor) to another (the recipient)
  • trephine biopsy.
  • Botryoid rhabdomyosarcomaf.
  • Bouin.
  • sixative.
  • Bovine spongiform encephalopathy.
  • BSE   noun a fatal disease of cattle that affects the central nervous system; causes staggering and agitation
  • Bowen.
  • s disease.
  • Bowenoid papulosis.
  • Bowman   noun a person who is expert in the use of a bow and arrow
  • s space.
  • Boyd William.
  • Boyden.
  • s chamber experiment.
  • Brain abscess.
  • Brain metastaticumours.
  • Brain oedemaf.
  • Branchial cyst.
  • BRCA gene.
  • Bread and butter appearance.
  • fibrocystic changes in.
  • grading of cancer of.
  • inflammatory diseases of.
  • normal structure of.
  • prognostic markers of carcinoma.
  • silicone implant in.
  • staging of carcinoma of.
  • tumours of.
  • Brenner.
  • sumour ovary.
  • Bright Richard.
  • Broders.
  • grading   noun changing the ground level to a smooth horizontal or gently sloping surface;  evaluation of performance by assigning a grade or score;  the act of arranging in a graduated series
  • Brodie.
  • s abscess.
  • Bromsulphalein.
  • BSP.
  • excretionest.
  • Bronchial carcinoid.
  • Bronchial brushing.
  • washing   noun the work of cleansing (usually with soap and water); garments or white goods that can be cleaned by laundering
  • Bronchiectasis.
  • Bronchiolitis and bronchiolitis obliterans.
  • Bronchitis chronic.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • etiopathogenesis of.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • versus emphysema.
  • Broncho   noun an unbroken or imperfectly broken mustang
  • lobular   adj. of or relating to or resembling a lobule
  • pneumonia   noun respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
  • Bronchogenic carcinoma.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • etiology of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • incidence of.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • prognosis of.
  • spread of.
  • staging of.
  • Bronchopulmonary.
  • sequestration   noun seizing property that belongs to someone else and holding it until profits pay the demand for which it was seized;  a writ that authorizes the seizure of property;  the action of forming a chelate or other stable compound with an ion or atom or molecule so that it is no longer available for reactions;  the act of segregating or sequestering
  • Bronzed diabetes   noun pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues; characterized by bronzed skin and enlarged liver and diabetes mellitus and abnormalities of the pancreas and the joints
  • Brooke   noun English lyric poet (1887 1915)
  • sumour.
  • Brown atrophy heart.
  • Brown induration lung.
  • Brownumour of hyperparathyroidism.
  • Bubos.
  • Buccal smear.
  • Budd Chiari syndrome.
  • hepatic veinhrombosis.
  • Buerger.
  • s disease.
  • Buffer system.
  • Bullous dermatoses.
  • Burkitt.
  • s lymphoma.
  • Burr cells.
  • Bursa ofabricius.
  • Bursitis   noun inflammation of a bursa; frequently in the shoulder
  • Button hole appearance.
  • Bypass coronary grafting.
  • Byssinosis.
  • C   noun the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet;  (music) the keynote of the scale of C major;  a general purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system;  street names for cocaine;  a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second;  a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second
  • Cachexia   noun any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
  • Cadherins.
  • cafe au lait spots.
  • Caisson   noun large watertight chamber used for construction under water;  a chest to hold ammunition;  a two wheeled military vehicle carrying artillery ammunition;  an ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling or dome
  • s disease.
  • Calcific aortic stenosis.
  • Calcification pathologic.
  • dystrophic.
  • dystrophic versus metastatic.
  • Calcifying epithelioma of.
  • Malherbe.
  • Calcinosis cutis.
  • Calcitonin   noun thyroid hormone that tends to lower the level of calcium in the blood plasma and inhibit resorption of bone
  • Calcitriol.
  • Calcospherites.
  • Calculi gallbladder.
  • Calculi urinary.
  • Calculus gum.
  • Call Exner bodies.
  • Callender classification.
  • Callusormation.
  • Cambium layer.
  • Cancer cervix invasive.
  • Cancer definition of.
  • diagnosis of.
  • classification of.
  • characteristics of.
  • genetic mechanisms of.
  • grading of.
  • immune surveillance of.
  • metastasis in.
  • molecular pathogenesis of.
  • multistepheory of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • staging of.
  • Cancrum oris.
  • Candidiasis   noun an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
  • Caplan.
  • s syndrome.
  • Caput medusae.
  • Carbonetrachloridet.
  • Carbuncle   noun an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus;  deep red cabochon garnet cut without facets
  • Carcinoembryonic antigen.
  • CEA.
  • Carcinogenesis.
  • biologic   adj. pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • chemical   adj. relating to or used in chemistry;  of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes;  noun produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
  • geneticheory of.
  • physical   adj. having substance or material existence; perceptible to the senses;  concerned with material things;  characterized by energetic bodily activity;  according with material things or natural laws (other than those peculiar to living matter);  involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit;  relating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy; especially physics;  impelled by physical force especially against resistance
  • viral   adj. relating to or caused by a virus
  • Carcinoid heart disease.
  • Carcinoid syndrome.
  • Carcinoidumour.
  • appendix   noun a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch;  supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
  • bronchial   adj. relating to or associated with the bronchi
  • colon   noun the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum; it extracts moisture from food residues before they are excreted;  a punctuation mark (:) used after a word introducing a series or an example or an explanation (or after the salutation of a business letter);  a port city at the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal;  the basic unit of money in Costa Rica; equal to 100 centimos; the basic unit of money in El Salvador; equal to 100 centavos
  • small intestine   noun the longest part of the alimentary canal; where digestion is completed
  • stomach   noun an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal; the principal organ of digestion;  an appetite for food;  an inclination or liking for things involving conflict or difficulty or unpleasantness;  the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis;  verb bear to eat;  put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • Carcinoma acinic cell.
  • Carcinoma adenoid cystic.
  • Carcinoma adrenal cortex.
  • Carcinoma breast.
  • adenoid cystic.
  • classification of.
  • colloidf.
  • etiology of.
  • grading of.
  • prognosis of.
  • staging of.
  • infiltrating duct.
  • NOS.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • infiltrating lobular.
  • inflammatory   adj. characterized or caused by inflammation; arousing to action or rebellion
  • intraductal.
  • invasive   adj. marked by a tendency to spread especially into healthy tissue;  relating to a technique in which the body is entered by puncture or incision;  gradually intrusive without right or permission;  involving invasion or aggressive attack
  • juvenile   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people;  displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity;  noun a youthful person
  • lobular in situ.
  • medullary   adj. of or relating to the medulla of any body part;  of or relating to the medulla oblongata;  containing or consisting of or resembling bone marrow
  • mucinous   adj. relating to or containing mucin
  • non invasive.
  • papillary   adj. of or relating to or resembling papilla
  • prognosticactors in.
  • secretory   adj. of or relating to or producing a secretion
  • tubular   adj. constituting a tube; having hollow tubes (as for the passage of fluids)
  • Carcinoma cervix.
  • cytology of.
  • staging of.
  • Carcinoma colorectal.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • etiology of.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • spread of.
  • staging off.
  • Carcinoma cortical adrenal.
  • Carcinoma definition of.
  • Carcinoma embryonalestis.
  • Carcinoma endometrium.
  • staging of.
  • Carcinoma extra hepatic duct.
  • Carcinoma gallbladder.
  • Carcinoma hepatocellular.
  • Carcinoma in situ   noun a cluster of malignant cells that has not yet invaded the deeper epithelial tissue or spread to other parts of the body
  • breast   noun the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen;  either of two soft fleshy milk secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman;  meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit;  meet at breast level;  confront bodily
  • bronchus   noun either of the two main branches of the trachea
  • cervixf.
  • oral cavity   noun the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge
  • skin   noun an outer surface (usually thin);  a bag serving as a container for liquids; it is made from the hide of an animal;  a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch;  a person's skin regarded as their life;  the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.g. a fruit);  body covering of a living animal;  the rind of a fruit or vegetable;  verb strip the skin off;  bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of;  remove the bark of a tree;  climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
  • urinary bladder   noun a membranous sac for temporary retention of urine
  • Carcinoma kidney.
  • Carcinoma liver.
  • Carcinoma lung.
  • acinar   adj. pertaining to the individual parts making up an aggregate fruit like a blackberry;  pertaining to one of the small sacs (as in a compound gland)
  • adenocarcinoma   noun malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
  • adenosquamous.
  • bronchiolo alveolar.
  • epidermoid.
  • etiology of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • hilar   adj. of or relating to or located near a hilum
  • large cell.
  • metastatic   adj. relating to or affected by metastasis
  • oat cell.
  • peripheral   adj. on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area;  related to the key issue but not of central importance;  noun (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer
  • scar   noun a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue;  an indication of damage;  verb mark with a scar
  • small cell.
  • squamous cell   noun an epithelial cell that is flat like a plate and form a single layer of epithelial tissue
  • Carcinoma mucoepidermoid.
  • Carcinoma nasopharyngeal.
  • Carcinoma nose and paranasal sinuses.
  • Carcinoma oesophagus.
  • Carcinoma oral cavity.
  • Carcinoma pancreas.
  • Carcinoma parathyroid.
  • Carcinoma penis.
  • Carcinoma prostate.
  • Carcinoma skin.
  • Carcinoma stomach.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • etiology of.
  • incidence of.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • spread of.
  • Carcinomahyroid.
  • Carcinomaransitional cell.
  • Carcinoma urinary bladder.
  • Carcinoma vagina.
  • staging of.
  • Carcinoma vulva.
  • staging of.
  • Cardiac death sudden.
  • Cardiac oedemaf.
  • Cardiomyopathies.
  • congestive   adj. relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid
  • dilated   adj. made wider or larger in all dimensions
  • hypertrophic.
  • idiopathic   adj. (of diseases) arising from an unknown cause
  • ischaemic   adj. relating to or affected by ischemia
  • restrictive   adj. (of tariff) protective of national interests by restricting imports;  serving to restrict
  • secondary   adj. belonging to a lower class or rank;  not of major importance;  being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate;  depending on or incidental to what is original or primary;  inferior in rank or status;  noun the defensive football players who line up behind the linemen;  coil such that current is induced in it by passing a current through the primary coil
  • Cardiospasm   noun a spasm of the cardiac sphincter (between the esophagus and the stomach); if the cardiac sphincter does not relax during swallowing the passage of food into the stomach is obstructed
  • Caries dental.
  • Caries spine.
  • Caroli.
  • s disease.
  • Carotenaemia.
  • Carotid bodyumour.
  • Carrier state hepatitis.
  • Cartilageormingumours.
  • Cartilage normal structure of.
  • Caruncle urethral.
  • Caseous necrosis.
  • Castleman.
  • s disease.
  • Casts.
  • Cat scratch disease   noun a disease thought to be transmitted to humans by a scratch from a cat
  • Cataract   noun a large waterfall; violent rush of water over a precipice;  clouding of the natural lens of the eye
  • Catarrhal inflammation.
  • Catenins.
  • Cavitary lesions of lung.
  • C cells.
  • CD markerst.
  • Cell adhesion molecules.
  • CAMs.
  • Cell aging.
  • Cell cycle.
  • labile cells in.
  • permanent cells in.
  • stable cells in.
  • Cell death   noun (physiology) the normal degeneration and death of living cells (as in various epithelial cells)
  • Cell injury.
  • chemical   adj. relating to or used in chemistry;  of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes;  noun produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
  • enzyme markers of.
  • etiology of.
  • free radical   noun an atom or group of atoms with at least one unpaired electron; in the body it is usually an oxygen molecule than has lost an electron and will stabilize itself by stealing an electron from a nearby molecule
  • hypoxic.
  • immunologic   adj. of or relating to immunology
  • irreversible   adj. incapable of being reversed
  • ischaemic   adj. relating to or affected by ischemia
  • microbial   adj. of or involving or caused by or being microbes
  • morphology of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • physical   adj. having substance or material existence; perceptible to the senses;  concerned with material things;  characterized by energetic bodily activity;  according with material things or natural laws (other than those peculiar to living matter);  involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit;  relating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy; especially physics;  impelled by physical force especially against resistance
  • reperfusion.
  • reversible   adj. capable of assuming or producing either of two states;  capable of reversing or being reversed;  capable of being reversed or used with either side out;  capable of being reversed; noun a garment (especially a coat) that can be worn inside out (with either side of the cloth showing)
  • Cell membrane   noun a thin membrane (a double layer of lipids) enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions (like sodium or potassium or calcium) in and out of the cell
  • Cell structure.
  • Cell mediated reaction.
  • Cellular adaptations.
  • Cellular swelling.
  • Cellulitis   noun an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
  • Celsus.
  • Cementomas.
  • Cementum   noun a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth
  • Central nervous system   noun the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • CNS   noun the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • degenerative diseases of.
  • demyelinating diseases of.
  • embryonalumours of.
  • infections of.
  • metabolic diseases of.
  • metastaticumours of.
  • normal structure of.
  • nutritional diseases of.
  • traumao.
  • tumours of.
  • Centrilobular haemorrhagic necrosis.
  • Centriole   noun one of a pair of small cylindrical cell organelles near the nucleus in animal cells; composed of nine triplet microtubules and form the asters during mitosis
  • Centromere   noun a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
  • Centrosome   noun small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus; contains the centrioles and serves to organize the microtubules
  • Cerebral infarction.
  • Cerebral malaria.
  • Cerebral oedema.
  • Cerebrospinalluid.
  • CSF.
  • findings in meningitis.
  • cytology of.
  • Cerebrovascular disease.
  • Ceruloplasmin.
  • Cerumen glandumour.
  • Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.
  • CIN.
  • Cervicitis   noun inflammation of the uterine cervix
  • Cervix   noun necklike opening to the uterus;  the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body
  • carcinoma of.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Chagas.
  • disease   noun an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • Chalazion   noun a small sebaceous cyst of the eyelid resulting when a Meibomian gland is blocked
  • Chancre   noun a small hard painless nodule at the site of entry of a pathogen (as syphilis)
  • Charaka.
  • Charcot Leyden crystals.
  • Chediak Higashi syndrome.
  • Chemical carcinogenesis.
  • initiation of.
  • initiators of.
  • promoters of.
  • promoter versus initiator.
  • promotion of.
  • stages of.
  • testsor.
  • Chemical carcinogens.
  • Chemical injury.
  • Chemical mediators of inflammation.
  • Chemoattractants.
  • Chemodectoma.
  • Chemokines.
  • Chemotaxis   noun movement by a cell or organism in reaction to a chemical stimulus
  • Chickenpox   noun an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
  • Chikungunya.
  • Childhoodumourst.
  • Chlamydiae.
  • Chloasma   noun a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  • Chloroma.
  • Chocolate cyst of ovary.
  • Cholangiocarcinoma.
  • Cholangioma.
  • Cholangitis   noun inflammation of the bile ducts
  • primary sclerosingt.
  • pyogenic   adj. producing pus
  • Cholecystitis   noun inflammation of the gall bladder
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • glandularis.
  • Cholecystokinin.
  • Choledocholithiasis.
  • Cholelithiasis   noun the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • gallstones.
  • Cholestasis   noun a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
  • extrahepatic.
  • intrahepatic.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Cholesteatoma.
  • keratoma.
  • Cholesterolosis.
  • Choline   noun a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of lecithin; essential in the metabolism of fat
  • Choline esterase.
  • Chondroblastoma.
  • Chondrocytes.
  • Chondrodermatitis.
  • Chondroma   noun a common benign tumor of cartilage cells
  • Chondromalacia.
  • Chondromyxoidibroma.
  • Chondrosarcoma   noun a malignant neoplasm of cartilage cells
  • Chordoma.
  • Chorea minor.
  • Chorioadenoma destruens.
  • Choriocarcinoma.
  • gestational   adj. of or relating to gestation
  • nongestational.
  • testis   noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • Choristoma.
  • Choroid plexus papilloma.
  • Christmas disease   noun a clotting disorder similar to hemophilia A but caused by a congenital deficiency of factor IX
  • Chromaffinumour.
  • Chromatin sex.
  • Chromogens.
  • Chromosomes.
  • Chronic inflammation.
  • also see under Inflammation.
  • Chronic ischaemic heart disease.
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia.
  • CLL.
  • Chronic myeloid leukaemia.
  • CML.
  • blastic phase in.
  • juvenile CML.
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease   noun a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers
  • COPD.
  • bronchial asthma   noun respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • bronchiectasis.
  • chronic bronchitis   noun a form of bronchitis characterized by excess production of sputum leading to a chronic cough and obstruction of air flow
  • emphysema   noun an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
  • versus restrictive lung disease.
  • Chronic restrictive pulmonary disease.
  • collagen vascular disease.
  • idiopathic pulmonaryibrosis.
  • immunologic lung disease.
  • pneumoconiosis   noun chronic respiratory disease caused by inhaling metallic or mineral particles
  • versus COPD.
  • Chronic venous congestion.
  • CVC.
  • kidney   noun either of two bean shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • liver   adj. having a reddish brown color;  noun large and complicated reddish brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn out erythrocytes;  liver of an animal used as meat;  someone who lives in a place;  a person who has a special life style
  • lungs.
  • spleen   noun a large dark red oval organ on the left side of the body between the stomach and the diaphragm; produces cells involved in immune responses;  a feeling of resentful anger
  • Chutta cancer.
  • Chyle   noun a milky fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fats; formed in the small intestine during digestion of ingested fats
  • Chylothorax.
  • Chyluria.
  • Cicatrisation.
  • Cilia.
  • Circle of Willis   noun a ring of arteries at the base of the brain
  • Cirrhosis liver.
  • alcoholic   adj. addicted to alcohol;  characteristic of or containing alcohol;  noun a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually
  • alpha antitrypsin deficiency.
  • classification of.
  • clinical manifestations and complications.
  • of.
  • cryptogenic.
  • haemochromatosis.
  • Indian childhood.
  • ICC   noun a former independent federal agency that supervised and set rates for carriers that transported goods and people between states; was terminated in 1995
  • macronodularf.
  • micronodular.
  • mixedorms.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • pigment   noun dry coloring matter (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint etc);  verb color or dye with a pigment; acquire pigment; become colored or imbued
  • portal hypertension in.
  • post hepatitic.
  • post necrotic.
  • Wilson   noun a peak in the San Juan mountains of Colorado (14,246 feet high);  28th President of the United States; led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations (1856 1924);  United States literary critic (1895 1972);  Scottish physicist who invented the cloud chamber (1869 1959);  United States entomologist who has generalized from social insects to other animals including humans (born in 1929);  American Revolutionary leader who was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence (1742 1798);  Canadian geophysicist who was a pioneer in the study of plate tectonics (1908 1993);  United States physicist honored for his work on cosmic microwave radiation (born in 1918);  Scottish ornithologist in the United States (1766 1813); English writer of novels and short stories (1913 1991);  author of the first novel by an African American that was published in the United States (1808 1870)
  • s disease.
  • Clara cells.
  • Clark   noun Canadian politician who served as prime minister (1939 );  United States psychologist (born in Panama) whose research persuaded the Supreme Court that segregated schools were discriminatory (1914 );  United States general who was Allied commander in Africa and Italy in World War II and was commander of the United Nations forces in Korea (1896 1984);  United States explorer who (with Meriwether Lewis) led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River; Clark was responsible for making maps of the area (1770 1838)
  • s levels.
  • Claude Bernarde.
  • Clear cell sarcoma.
  • Clear cellumours ovary.
  • Cleftsacial.
  • Clinging carcinoma breast.
  • Clinicopathologic correlation.
  • CPC.
  • Cloning   noun a general term for the research activity that creates a copy of some biological entity (a gene or organism or cell)
  • Clostridial diseases.
  • Clotting system.
  • Clottingime.
  • Cloudy swelling.
  • CNSumours.
  • Coagulation disorders.
  • Coagulation system.
  • Coagulationests.
  • Coagulative necrosis.
  • Coal workers.
  • pneumoconiosis   noun chronic respiratory disease caused by inhaling metallic or mineral particles
  • Coarctation of aorta.
  • Coccidioidomycosis   noun an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  • Codman.
  • sriangle.
  • Coeliac disease.
  • Coeliac sprue.
  • Coelomic epithelium.
  • ovarianumours of.
  • Coffee bean nuclei.
  • Cohnheim.
  • Cold abscess.
  • Cold agglutinin disease.
  • Colitis   noun inflammation of the colon
  • amoebic   adj. pertaining to or resembling amoebae
  • pseudomembranous.
  • ulcerative   adj. of or relating to or characterized by ulceration
  • Collagen   noun a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling
  • Collagen diseases.
  • Collagen vascular disease.
  • lung   noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • Collapse lung.
  • Colliquative necrosis.
  • Colloid carcinoma.
  • breastf.
  • stomach   noun an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal; the principal organ of digestion;  an appetite for food;  an inclination or liking for things involving conflict or difficulty or unpleasantness;  the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis;  verb bear to eat;  put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • Colloids plasma.
  • Colloid pressure.
  • Colony stimulatingactor.
  • Colorectal polyps.
  • cancer   noun type genus of the family Cancridae;  the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22;  a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer;  any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • neoplastic versus non neoplastic.
  • Coma nonketotic.
  • Combined   adj. made or joined or united into one;  involving the joint activity of two or more
  • fast   adj. acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly;  at a rapid tempo;  (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later than the correct time;  securely fixed in place;  resistant to destruction or fading;  (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds; unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause;  hurried and brief; unrestrained by convention or morality;  firmly fastened or secured against opening;  adv. quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form);  firmly or tightly;  noun abstaining from food;  verb abstain from eating;  abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons
  • smears.
  • Comedo pattern.
  • Comedones.
  • Commensals.
  • Common cold   noun a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs)
  • Complement system.
  • Complicated plaques.
  • Components blood.
  • Computers in pathology lab.
  • Concato.
  • s disease.
  • Concentration and dilutionests.
  • kidney   noun either of two bean shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • Conchoid bodies.
  • Concussion   noun any violent blow;  injury to the brain caused by a blow; usually resulting in loss of consciousness
  • Condyloma acuminatum   noun a small benign wart on or around the genitals and anus
  • Congenital heart diseases.
  • acyanotic.
  • cyanotic.
  • malpositions.
  • obstructive   adj. preventing movement
  • Congestion   noun excessive crowding;  excessive accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part
  • local venous.
  • passive   adj. lacking in energy or will;  expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb; peacefully resistant in response to injustice;  noun the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
  • systemic venous.
  • Congestive heartailure.
  • CHF.
  • f   noun the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • Congestive splenomegaly.
  • Congo redf.
  • Conjugated versus unconjugated bilirubin.
  • Conjunctivitis   noun inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
  • Conn   verb conduct or direct the steering of a ship or plane
  • s syndrome.
  • Consolidation   noun the act of combining into an integral whole; combining into a solid mass;  something that has consolidated into a compact mass
  • Consumptive coagulopathy.
  • Contraceptives oral.
  • Contractures.
  • Coombs.
  • est   noun standard time in the 5th time zone west of Greenwich, reckoned at the 75th meridian; used in the eastern United States
  • Copper metabolism.
  • Cor bovinum.
  • Cor pulmonale   noun enlargement of the right ventricle of the heart due to disease of the lungs or of the pulmonary blood vessels
  • Cordactor.
  • Coronary artery disease   noun a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • CAD   noun someone who is morally reprehensible;  software used in art and architecture and engineering and manufacturing to assist in precision drawing
  • also see under IHD.
  • Coronary syndromes acute.
  • Corpora amylacea.
  • Corrigan.
  • s pulse.
  • Cortical necrosis kidney.
  • Councilman   noun a man who is a council member
  • acidophil   noun an organism that thrives in a relatively acid environment
  • body   noun the external structure of a vehicle;  the entire structure of an organism (especially an animal or human being);  a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person;  the central message of a communication;  a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity;  a collection of particulars considered as a system;  an individual 3 dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; the property of holding together and retaining its shape;  the body excluding the head and neck and limbs;  verb invest with or as with a body; give body to
  • CPC.
  • Craniopharyngiomat.
  • Craniotabes.
  • Crescents.
  • CREST syndrome.
  • Cretinism   noun severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
  • Creutzfeldt Jakob disease.
  • CJD   noun rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control
  • Cri du chat syndrome.
  • Cribriform pattern.
  • Crigler Najjar syndrome.
  • Crinopectins.
  • Cristae.
  • Crohn   noun United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884 1983)
  • s disease versus ulcerative colitis.
  • Cronkhite Canada syndrome.
  • Crux of heart.
  • Cryoprecipitate.
  • Crypt abscessf.
  • Cryptococcosis   noun a fungal infection characterized by nodular lesions first in the lungs and spreading to the nervous system
  • Cryptorchidism   noun failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
  • CSF source and circulation off.
  • Curling   adj. of hair having curls;  noun a game played on ice in which heavy stones with handles are slid toward a target
  • s ulcers.
  • Curschmann.
  • s spiral.
  • Cushing   noun United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869 1939)
  • s syndrome.
  • Cushing   noun United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869 1939)
  • s ulcers.
  • Cyanmethaemoglobin method.
  • Cyanocobalamin   noun a B vitamin that is used to treat pernicious anemia
  • Cyclin dependent kinases.
  • CDKs.
  • f   noun the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • Cyclins.
  • Cyclo oxygenase pathwayf.
  • Cylindroma.
  • Cystic diseases of kidney.
  • Cysticibrosis pancreas.
  • Cystic hygroma.
  • Cystic hyperplasia endometriumf.
  • Cystic medial necrosis of Erdheim.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Cysticercosisf.
  • Cystine stones.
  • Cystitis   noun inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
  • Cystitis cystica.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Cystosarcoma phyllodes.
  • Cysts.
  • acquired renal.
  • apoplectic   adj. pertaining to or characteristic of apoplexy
  • Bartholin   noun Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585 1629)
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • biliary   adj. relating to the bile ducts or the gallbladder;  relating to or containing bile
  • bone   adj. consisting of or made up of bone;  noun a shade of white the color of bleached bones;  rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates;  the porous calcified substance from which bones are made;  verb remove the bones from;  study intensively, as before an exam
  • branchial   adj. of or relating to gills (or to parts of the body derived from embryonic gills)
  • lymphoepithelial.
  • congenital pulmonary.
  • dental   adj. of or relating to the teeth;  of or relating to dentistry; noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • dentigerous.
  • dermoid.
  • echinococcal.
  • epidermal   adj. of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • eruption   noun the emergence of a tooth as it breaks through the gum;  (of volcanos) pouring out fumes of lava (or a deposit so formed);  symptom consisting of a breaking out and becoming visible;  a sudden very loud noise;  a sudden violent spontaneous occurrence (usually of some undesirable condition);  the sudden occurrence of a violent discharge of steam and volcanic material
  • follicular   adj. of or relating to or constituting a follicle
  • Gartner.
  • s duct.
  • gingival   adj. of or relating to the gums
  • globulomaxillary.
  • hepatic   adj. pertaining to or affecting the liver;  noun any of numerous small green nonvascular plants of the class Hepaticopsida growing in wet places and resembling green seaweeds or leafy mosses
  • implantation   noun a surgical procedure that places something in the human body;  the act of planting or setting in the ground; (embryology) the organic process whereby a fertilized egg becomes implanted in the lining of the uterus of placental mammals
  • jaw   noun holding device consisting of one or both of the opposing parts of a tool that close to hold an object;  the part of the skull of a vertebrate that frames the mouth and holds the teeth;  the bones of the skull that frame the mouth and serve to open it; the bones that hold the teeth;  verb censure severely or angrily;  talk incessantly and tiresomely;  talk socially without exchanging too much information; chew (food)
  • kidney   noun either of two bean shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • lateral cervical.
  • lung   noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • luteal   adj. of or relating to the corpus luteum
  • lymphoepithelial.
  • mesenteric   adj. of or relating to or located in a mesentery
  • midline cervical.
  • nasolabial.
  • nasopalatine.
  • neck   noun an opening in a garment for the neck of the wearer; a part of the garment near the wearer's neck;  the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body;  a cut of meat from the neck of an animal;  a narrow elongated projecting strip of land;  verbkiss, embrace, or fondle with sexual passion
  • odontogenic.
  • pancreatic   adj. of or involving the pancreas
  • pararenal.
  • parathyroid   noun any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
  • pilar   adj. of or relating to a hair
  • trichilemmal and sebaceous.
  • radicular.
  • sebaceous   adj. containing an unusual amount of grease or oil
  • simple renal.
  • thymic.
  • thyroglossal.
  • trichilemmal.
  • Wolffian.
  • Cytocentrifuge.
  • Cytochemistry.
  • Cytogenetics   noun the branch of biology that studies the cellular aspects of heredity (especially the chromosomes)
  • Cytohormonal evaluation.
  • Cytokeratinf.
  • Cytokines.
  • Cytology diagnostic.
  • biopsy sediment.
  • branches of.
  • buccal smear.
  • cerebrospinalluid.
  • collection of sampleor.
  • crush smear.
  • effusions.
  • exfoliative.
  • exfoliative versus interventional.
  • female genitalract.
  • fine needle aspiration.
  • FNAC.
  • fixation andixatives.
  • fluids.
  • gastrointestinalract.
  • imprint   noun a device produced by pressure on a surface;  a distinctive influence;  an impression produced by pressure or printing;  an identification of a publisher; a publisher's name along with the date and address and edition that is printed at the bottom of the title page;  a concavity in a surface produced by pressing;  verbestablish or impress firmly in the mind;  mark or stamp with or as if with pressure
  • interventional.
  • interventional versus exfoliative.
  • Pap smear applications of.
  • respiratoryract.
  • role of.
  • semen examination.
  • staining in.
  • techniques of exfoliative cytology.
  • urinaryract.
  • Cytomegaloviruses.
  • Cytometrylow.
  • Cytoskeleton   noun a microscopic network of actin filaments and microtubules in the cytoplasm of many living cells that gives the cell shape and coherence
  • Cytosol structure of.
  • Cytotactin.
  • Cytotoxic reaction.
  • D   noun the 4th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a fat soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • Dane particle.
  • Darier.
  • s disease.
  • Darier Pautrier abscess.
  • DeBakey clasification aneurysmsf.
  • Debridement   noun surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
  • Decay acceleratingactor.
  • Decidual reaction.
  • Decompression sickness   noun pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  • Defibrination syndromes.
  • Degenerations.
  • albuminous   adj. relating to or containing or resembling albumin
  • fibrinoidf.
  • hyaline   adj. resembling glass in transparency or translucency; noun a glassy translucent material that occurs in hyaline cartilage or in certain skin conditions
  • hydropic.
  • mucoid   adj. relating to or resembling mucus;  noun any of several glycoproteins similar to mucin
  • vacuolar.
  • Wallerian.
  • Degenerations peripheral nervous system.
  • axonal   adj. of or relating to or resembling an axon
  • segmental   adj. divided or organized into speech segments or isolable speech sounds;  having the body divided into successive metameres or segments, as in earthworms or lobsters
  • Wallerian.
  • Degenerative joint disease   noun chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
  • DJD.
  • Dehydration   noun the process of extracting moisture;  depletion of bodily fluids;  dryness resulting from the removal of water
  • Delayed hypersensitivity.
  • Deletions chromosomal.
  • Demyelinating diseases.
  • Dendrites.
  • Dendritic cells.
  • Denervation atrophy.
  • Dengueever.
  • Dense deposit disease.
  • Dentin   noun bone (calcified tissue) surrounding the pulp cavity of a tooth;  a calcareous material harder and denser than bone that comprises the bulk of a tooth
  • Denver classification.
  • Dependent oedema.
  • DeQuervain.
  • shyroiditis.
  • Dermatitis   noun inflammation of the skin; skin becomes itchy and may develop blisters
  • eczema   noun generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin; particularly with vesiculation in the acute stages
  • f   noun the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • Dermatitis herpetiformis.
  • Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans.
  • Dermatomyositis polymyositis.
  • Dermatophytes.
  • Dermatoses.
  • connectiveissue.
  • genetic   adj. of or relating to the science of genetics;  pertaining to or referring to origin;  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity;  of or relating to or produced by or being a gene
  • granulomatous   adj. relating to or characterized by granulomas
  • infectious   adj. easily spread;  caused by infection or capable of causing infection;  of or relating to infection
  • metabolic   adj. undergoing metamorphosis;  of or relating to metabolism
  • non infectious bullous.
  • non infectious inflammatory.
  • Desmin.
  • Desmoidumours.
  • Desmoplasia.
  • Desmoplastic small cellumour.
  • Desmosomes.
  • Developmental defects.
  • Devil   noun a word used in exclamations of confusion;  one of the evil spirits of traditional Jewish and Christian belief;  (Judeo Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell;  a rowdy or mischievous person (usually a young man);  a cruel wicked and inhuman person;  verbcoat or stuff with a spicy paste;  cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations
  • s pinches.
  • Dextrocardia   noun abnormal condition where the heart is located toward the right side of the chest
  • Diabetes insipidus   noun a rare form of diabetes resulting from a deficiency of vasopressin (the pituitary hormone that regulates the kidneys); characterized by the chronic excretion of large amounts of pale dilute urine which results in dehydration and extreme thirst
  • Diabetes mellitus   noun diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  • atherosclerosis in.
  • bronzed   adj. (of skin) having a tan color from exposure to the sun
  • chemical   adj. relating to or used in chemistry;  of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes;  noun produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
  • classification of.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • criteriaor diagnosis of.
  • complications of.
  • diagnosis of.
  • gestational   adj. of or relating to gestation
  • MODY.
  • normal insulin metabolism in.
  • riskactorsor.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • Diabetic ketoacidosist.
  • Diabetic microangiopathy.
  • Diabetic nephropathy.
  • Diabetic neuropathy.
  • Diabetic retinopathy.
  • Diagnosis of cancer.
  • Dialysis related bone disease.
  • Diarrhoea antibiotic associated.
  • Diazo reaction.
  • Diet and cancer.
  • Differentiation of neoplastic cells.
  • Diffuse alveolar damage.
  • DAD   noun an informal term for a father; probably derived from baby talk
  • Diffuse axonal injury.
  • Dilatation cardiac.
  • Diphtheria   noun acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae; marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing
  • Disease definition of.
  • Dissecting aneurysm.
  • Disseminated intravascular coagulation.
  • DIC.
  • Disseminated.
  • multiple   adj. having or involving or consisting of more than one part or entity or individual;  noun the product of a quantity by an integer
  • sclerosis   noun any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
  • Diuretic phase.
  • Divers   adj. many and different
  • palsy   noun a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor;  loss of the ability to move a body part;  verb affect with palsy
  • Diverticula.
  • Meckel.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • oesophageal.
  • Diverticulosis coli.
  • DNA chromosomal instability syndrome.
  • DNA oncogenic viruses.
  • DNA structure of.
  • Doderlein bacilli.
  • Dohle bodies.
  • Dominant pattern.
  • Donath Landsteiner antibody.
  • Donovan bodies.
  • Dopa reaction.
  • Down   adj. not functioning (temporarily or permanently);  shut; understood perfectly;  being put out by a strikeout;  extending or moving from a higher to a lower place;  becoming progressively lower;  being or moving lower in position or less in some value;  low in spirits;  lower than previously;  adv. spatially or metaphorically from a higher to a lower level or position;  away from a more central or a more northerly place;  paid in cash at time of purchase;  in an inactive or inoperative state;  to a lower intensity;  from an earlier time;  noun(American football) a complete play to advance the football;  soft fine feathers;  fine soft dense hair (as the fine short hair of cattle or deer or the wool of sheep or the undercoat of certain dogs);  (usually plural) a rolling treeless highland with little soil;  English physician who first described Down's syndrome (1828 1896);  verb bring down or defeat (an opponent);  cause to come or go down;  shoot at and force to come down;  improve or perfect by pruning or polishing;  eat immoderately;  drink down entirely
  • s syndrome.
  • Downey cells.
  • Drabkin.
  • sluid.
  • Drepanocytes.
  • Dressler.
  • s syndrome.
  • Dropsy   noun swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • Drug abuse   noun excessive use of drugs
  • Drug injury.
  • Drumstick appendage.
  • Dry gangrene   noun (pathology) gangrene that develops in the presence of arterial obstruction and is characterized by dryness of the dead tissue and a dark brown color
  • Dryap.
  • Dubin Johnson syndrome.
  • Duct ectasia.
  • Dukes.
  • stagingf.
  • Duodenal ulcer   noun a peptic ulcer of the duodenum
  • versus gastric ulcer.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Dupuytren.
  • s contracture.
  • Dura mater   noun the outermost (and toughest) of the 3 meninges
  • Durozier sign.
  • Dust diseases lung.
  • Dwarfism   noun a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
  • achondroplasia   noun an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
  • hypothyroid.
  • pituitary   adj. of or relating to the pituitary gland;  having abnormal size with overgrown extremities resulting from abnormal pituitary secretion;  noun the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
  • Dysenteries.
  • amoebic   adj. pertaining to or resembling amoebae
  • bacillary   adj. formed like a bacillus;  relating to or produced by or containing bacilli
  • Dysfunctional uterine bleeding.
  • DUB   verb provide (movies) with a soundtrack of a foreign language;  give a nickname to;  raise (someone) to knighthood
  • Dysgenetic gonads.
  • Dysgerminoma ovary.
  • Dyskeratosis.
  • Dyslipidaemia.
  • Dysplasia   noun abnormal development (of organs or cells) or an abnormal structure resulting from such growth
  • bronchopulmonary.
  • cervical   adj. relating to or associated with the neck;  of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
  • developmental   adj. of or relating to or constituting development
  • fibromuscular arteries.
  • fibrous   adj. (of meat) full of sinews; especially impossible to chew; having or resembling fibers especially fibers used in making cordage such as those of jute
  • mammary   adj. of or relating to the milk giving gland of the female
  • oral cavity   noun the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge
  • renal cystic.
  • skeletal   adj. of or relating to or forming or attached to a skeleton; very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
  • Dystraphic anomalies.
  • Dystrophic calcification.
  • Dystrophy muscular.
  • Dystrophy vulvalf.
  • D xyloseest.
  • E   noun the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282...;  the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees;  a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons;  a fat soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • Ear   noun the sense organ for hearing and equilibrium;  good hearing;  attention to what is said;  fruiting spike of a cereal plant especially corn;  the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear
  • cauliflower   noun compact head of white undeveloped flowers;  a plant having a large edible head of crowded white flower buds
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours andumour like lesions of.
  • Ecchymoses.
  • Eccrine hidradenoma.
  • Eccrine poroma.
  • spiradenoma.
  • Eccrineumours.
  • Echinococcosis   noun infestation with larval echinococci (tapeworms)
  • Ectopia   noun abnormal position of a part or organ (especially at the time of birth)
  • Ectopia vesicae.
  • exstrophy.
  • Ectopic hormone production.
  • Ectopicubal pregnancy.
  • Eczema   noun generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin; particularly with vesiculation in the acute stages
  • Effusions pleural.
  • cytology of.
  • Ehler Danlos syndrome.
  • Ehrlich Paul.
  • Elasticibres.
  • Elastofibroma.
  • Electrical injury.
  • Electrolytes disturbances of.
  • Electrophoresis haemoglobin.
  • Electrophoresis in myeloma.
  • Elliptocytosis.
  • hereditary   adj. inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent;  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • Embden Meyerhof pathway.
  • amnioticluid.
  • arterial   adj. of or involving or contained in the arteries
  • atheromatous   adj. of or relating to or resembling atheroma
  • classification of.
  • fat   adj. a chubby body;  having much flesh (especially fat);  marked by great fruitfulness;  lucrative;  having a relatively large diameter; containing or composed of fat;  noun a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides);  excess bodily weight;  a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs;  verb make fat or plump
  • gas   noun the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily; and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container; a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely;  a pedal that controls the throttle valve;  a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal;  a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal combustion engines;  a fossil fuel in the gaseous state; used for cooking and heating homes;  verb attack with gas; subject to gas fumes;  show off
  • miscellaneous   adj. constituting a grab bag category;  consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity)
  • paradoxical   adj. seemingly contradictory but nonetheless possibly true
  • pulmonary   adj. relating to or affecting the lungs
  • retrograde   adj. of amnesia; affecting time immediately preceding trauma;  moving from east to west on the celestial sphere; or for planets around the sun in a direction opposite to that of the Earth; going from better to worse;  moving or directed or tending in a backward direction or contrary to a previous direction;  verb go back over;  move back;  move in a direction contrary to the usual one; move backward in an orbit, of celestial bodies;  get worse or fall back to a previous condition
  • saddle   noun posterior part of the back of a domestic fowl;  a seat for the rider of a horse;  a piece of leather across the instep of a shoe;  cut of meat (especially mutton or lamb) consisting of part of the backbone and both loins;  a seat for the rider of a bicycle;  a pass or ridge that slopes gently between two peaks (is shaped like a saddle);  verb load or burden; encumber;  put a saddle on;  impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
  • systemic   adj. affecting an entire system
  • thromboembolism   noun occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus that has broken away from a thrombus
  • tumour   noun an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  • venous   adj. of or contained in or performing the function of the veins
  • Embolus   noun an abnormal particle (e.g. an air bubble or part of a clot) circulating in the blood
  • Embryoma.
  • Embryonal carcinomaestis.
  • Embryonalumours.
  • Emigration   noun migration from a place (especially migration from your native country in order to settle in another)
  • Emphysema   noun an abnormal condition of the lungs marked by decreased respiratory function; associated with smoking or chronic bronchitis or old age
  • bullous.
  • centriacinar.
  • centrilobular.
  • classification of.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • etiopathogenesis of.
  • interstitial   adj. of or relating to interstices
  • irregular   adj. not occurring at expected times;  independent in behavior or thought;  of a surface; not level or flat;  lacking continuity or regularity;  contrary to rule or accepted order or general practice; (of solids) not having clear dimensions that can be measured; volume must be determined with the principle of liquid displacement; (used of the military) not belonging to or engaged in by regular army forces;  deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal;  noun merchandise that has imperfections; usually sold at a reduced price without the brand name;  a member of an irregular armed force that fights a stronger force by sabotage and harassment
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • morphology of individualypes of.
  • overinflation.
  • panacinar.
  • paraseptal.
  • senile   adj. mentally or physically infirm with age
  • surgical   adj. performed with great precision;  relating to or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery especially as opposed to medicine;  of or relating to or involving or used in surgery
  • versus predominant bronchitis.
  • Empty sella syndrome.
  • Empyema   noun a collection of pus in a body cavity (especially in the lung cavity)
  • appendix   noun a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch;  supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
  • gallbladder   noun a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion
  • nasal sinus   noun any of the paired sinuses in the bones of the face adjacent to the nasal cavity that are lined with mucous membrane that is continuous with the lining of the nasal cavities
  • thoracis.
  • Enamel   noun any smooth glossy coating that resembles ceramic glaze;  a paint that dries to a hard glossy finish;  hard white substance covering the crown of a tooth;  a colored glassy compound (opaque or partially opaque) that is fused to the surface of metal or glass or pottery for decoration or protection;  verb coat, inlay, or surface with enamel
  • Encephalitis   noun inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
  • bacterial   adj. relating to or caused by bacteria
  • fungal   adj. of or relating to fungi
  • HIV   noun infection by the human immunodeficiency virus;  the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
  • protozoal   adj. of or relating to the Protozoa
  • viral   adj. relating to or caused by a virus
  • Encephalocele   noun protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
  • Encephalomalacia.
  • Encephalomyelitis   noun inflammation of the brain and spinal cord
  • acute disseminated.
  • perivenous.
  • Encephalopathy hepatic.
  • Encephalopathy ischaemic hypoxic.
  • Encephalopathy spongiform.
  • Encrustationheory.
  • End stage kidney.
  • Endarteritis obliterans.
  • Endocardialibroelastosis.
  • Endocarditis   noun inflammation of the endocardium and heart valves
  • atypical verrucous.
  • bacterial   adj. relating to or caused by bacteria
  • cachectic   adj. relating to or having the symptoms of cachexia
  • infective   adj. able to cause disease;  caused by infection or capable of causing infection
  • Libman Sacks.
  • L   noun the 12th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints);  a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter
  • effler.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • marantic.
  • nonbacterialhrombotic.
  • NBTE.
  • rheumatic   adj. of or pertaining to arthritis;  noun a person suffering with rheumatism
  • tuberculous   adj. constituting or afflicted with or caused by tuberculosis or the tubercle bacillus
  • Endocrine system   noun the system of glands that produce endocrine secretions that help to control bodily metabolic activity
  • Endodermal sinusumour.
  • ovary   noun (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone;  the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • testis   noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • Endometrial carcinoma   noun cancer of the uterine lining
  • Endometrial hyperplasia.
  • Endometrioidumours ovary.
  • cyclic changes inf.
  • effects of hormones on.
  • in menopause.
  • normal structure of.
  • pregnancy changes in.
  • Endomyocardial biopsy.
  • Endomyocardialibrosis.
  • Endophthalmitis.
  • Endoplasmic reticulum.
  • Endotoxin   noun a toxin that is confined inside the microorganisms and is released only when the microorganisms are broken down or die
  • Entericever.
  • Enterochromaffin cells.
  • Enterocolitis.
  • infective   adj. able to cause disease;  caused by infection or capable of causing infection
  • ischaemic   adj. relating to or affected by ischemia
  • membranous   adj. characterized by formation of a membrane (or something resembling a membrane);  relating to or made of or similar to a membrane
  • necrotising.
  • pseudomembranous.
  • Enteropathy protein losing.
  • Environmental chemicals.
  • Environmental diseases.
  • Eosinophilia   noun a symptom of allergic states; increased eosinophils in the blood
  • Eosinophilia pulmonary.
  • Eosinophilic granuloma.
  • Eosinophils.
  • Eotaxin.
  • Ependyma   noun thin epithelial membrane lining the ventricles of the brain and the spinal cord canal
  • Ependymoma.
  • Epidermis structure of.
  • Epidermodysplasia.
  • verruciformis.
  • Epidermoid carcinoma.
  • cervix   noun necklike opening to the uterus;  the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body
  • lung   noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • oesophagus   noun the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • oral cavity   noun the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge
  • penis   noun the male organ of copulation (`member' is a euphemism)
  • skin   noun an outer surface (usually thin);  a bag serving as a container for liquids; it is made from the hide of an animal;  a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch;  a person's skin regarded as their life;  the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.g. a fruit);  body covering of a living animal;  the rind of a fruit or vegetable;  verb strip the skin off;  bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of;  remove the bark of a tree;  climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
  • vulva   noun external parts of the female genitalia
  • Epidermolysis bullosa.
  • Epididymitis   noun painful inflammation of the epididymis
  • Epididymo orchitis.
  • Epidural haematomaf.
  • Epispadias   noun a congenital abnormality in males in which the urethra is on the upper surface of the penis
  • Epithelioid cells.
  • Epithelioid sarcoma.
  • Epstein Barr virus.
  • Epulis.
  • Erdheim.
  • s medial degeneration.
  • ER   noun a room in a hospital or clinic staffed and equipped to provide emergency care to persons requiring immediate medical treatment;  a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs with yttrium
  • PR   noun a promotion intended to create goodwill for a person or institution;  a self governing commonwealth associated with the United States occupying the island of Puerto Rico;  a soft yellowish white trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; can be recovered from bastnasite or monazite by an ion exchange process
  • Erythema marginatum.
  • Erythema multiforme   noun a red rash caused by hypersensitivity to a drug or disease or other allergen
  • Erythema nodosum and induratum.
  • Erythema nodosum leprosum   noun an inflammatory complication of leprosy that results in painful skin lesions on the arms and legs and face
  • ENL   noun an inflammatory complication of leprosy that results in painful skin lesions on the arms and legs and face
  • Erythroblastosisoetalis.
  • Erythrocytic sedimentation rate.
  • ESR   noun microwave spectroscopy in which there is resonant absorption of radiation by a paramagnet;  the rate at which red blood cells settle out in a tube of blood under standardized conditions; a high rate usually indicates the presence of inflammation
  • Erythrocytosis.
  • Erythroid series.
  • development of.
  • disorders of.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Erythrophagocytosis.
  • Erythroplasia.
  • Erythroplasia of Queyrat.
  • Erythropoiesis   noun the process of producing red blood cells by the stem cells in the bone marrow
  • Erythropoietin   noun a glycoprotein secreted by the kidneys that stimulates the production of red blood cells
  • Esthesioneuroblastoma.
  • Ethanol   noun the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors; used pure or denatured as a solvent or in medicines and colognes and cleaning solutions and rocket fuel; proposed as a renewable clean burning additive to gasoline
  • Euchromatin.
  • Eumycetoma.
  • Evan.
  • s syndrome.
  • Ewing.
  • s sarcoma.
  • Ewing.
  • s James.
  • Exanthemata viral.
  • Exfoliative cytology.
  • see also under Cytology.
  • Exfoliative versus interventional cytology.
  • Exostosis osteocartilaginous.
  • Exstrophy.
  • ectopia vesicae.
  • Extracellularluid compartment.
  • Exudate versusransudate.
  • Exudation   noun the process of exuding; the slow escape of liquids from blood vessels through pores or breaks in the cell membranes; a substance that oozes out from plant pores
  • Eye   noun a small hole or loop (as in a needle);  the organ of sight; good discernment (either visually or as if visually);  attention to what is seen;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region;  verb look at
  • congenital lesions of.
  • inflammatory conditions of.
  • metastatic   adj. relating to or affected by metastasis
  • miscellaneous conditions of.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours andumour like lesions of.
  • t   noun the 20th letter of the Roman alphabet;  hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells;  thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but with one less iodine atom per molecule and produced in smaller quantity; exerts the same biological effects as thyroxine but is more potent and briefer;  a unit of information equal to a trillion (1,099,511,627,776) bytes or 1024 gigabytes;  a unit of weight equivalent to 1000 kilograms;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
  • vascular lesions of.
  • F   noun the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • FAB classification.
  • acute leukaemia.
  • myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • Fabricius.
  • Fabry.
  • s disease.
  • Facial clefts.
  • Faecolith.
  • Fallopianube.
  • normal structure of.
  • Fallopius Gabriel.
  • Fallot   noun French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850 1911)
  • setralogy.
  • Familial Mediterraneanever.
  • Familial polyposis coli syndrome.
  • Fanconi.
  • s anaemia.
  • Farmer   noun a person who operates a farm;  an expert on cooking whose cookbook has undergone many editions (1857 1915);  United States civil rights leader who in 1942 founded the Congress of Racial Equality (born in 1920)
  • s lung.
  • FAS receptorsf.
  • Fascitis nodular.
  • Fast   adj. acting or moving or capable of acting or moving quickly; at a rapid tempo;  (used of timepieces) indicating a time ahead of or later than the correct time;  securely fixed in place;  resistant to destruction or fading;  (of surfaces) conducive to rapid speeds; unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause;  hurried and brief; unrestrained by convention or morality;  firmly fastened or secured against opening;  adv. quickly or rapidly (often used as a combining form);  firmly or tightly;  noun abstaining from food;  verb abstain from eating;  abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons
  • combined   adj. made or joined or united into one;  involving the joint activity of two or more
  • smear   noun a thin tissue or blood sample spread on a glass slide and stained for cytologic examination and diagnosis under a microscope;  slanderous defamation;  an act that brings discredit to the person who does it;  a blemish made by dirt;  verb make a smudge on; soil by smudging;  stain by smearing or daubing with a dirty substance;  charge falsely or with malicious intent; attack the good name and reputation of someone;  cover (a surface) by smearing (a substance) over it
  • Fat aspirationf.
  • Fat embolism   noun serious condition in which fat blocks an artery; fat can enter the blood stream after a long bone is fractured or if adipose tissue is injured or as a result of a fatty liver
  • Fat necrosis.
  • breast   noun the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen;  either of two soft fleshy milk secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman;  meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit;  meet at breast level;  confront bodily
  • Fat soluble vitamins.
  • Fat stains.
  • Fatty change.
  • Fatty infiltration stromal.
  • Fatty liver   noun yellow discoloration as a result of the accumulation of certain fats (triglycerides) in the liver; can be caused by alcoholic cirrhosis or pregnancy or exposure to certain toxins
  • Favism   noun anemia resulting from eating fava beans; victims have an inherited blood abnormality and enzyme deficiency
  • Felty.
  • s syndrome.
  • Fenton reaction.
  • Fernandez reaction.
  • Ferricerrocyanide.
  • Ferrireductase.
  • Ferritin   noun a protein containing 20% iron that is found in the intestines and liver and spleen; it is one of the chief forms in which iron is stored in the body
  • Ferroportin.
  • Feulgen Robert.
  • Fever   noun intense nervous anticipation;  a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
  • enteric   adj. of or relating to the enteron;  of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • dengue   noun an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
  • viral haemorrhagic.
  • yellow   adj. of the color intermediate between green and orange in the color spectrum; of something resembling the color of an egg yolk;  cowardly or treacherous;  changed to a yellowish color by age; easily frightened;  affected by jaundice which causes yellowing of skin etc;  typical of tabloids;  noun yellow color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of sunflowers or ripe lemons; verb turn yellow
  • Fibril protein.
  • Fibrin split products.
  • FSP.
  • Fibrinogen   noun a protein present in blood plasma; converts to fibrin when blood clots
  • Fibrinoid necrosis.
  • Fibrinolysis   noun a normal ongoing process that dissolves fibrin and results in the removal of small blood clots
  • Fibrinolytic defects.
  • Fibrinolytic systemestsor.
  • Fibroadenoma breast.
  • Fibrocystic change breast.
  • Fibrocystic disease pancreas.
  • Fibrohistiocyticumours.
  • benign   adj. pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence; kindness of disposition or manner;  not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
  • malignant   adj. dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
  • Fibrolamellar carcinoma liver.
  • ameloblastic.
  • cementifying.
  • chondromyxoid.
  • non ossifying.
  • oral mucosa.
  • ovary   noun (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone;  the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • renal   adj. of or relating to the kidneys
  • softissue.
  • Fibromatosis.
  • colli.
  • desmoid.
  • gingivae.
  • palmar and plantar.
  • retroperitoneal idiopathic.
  • Fibromuscular dysplasia arteries.
  • Fibronectin.
  • Fibrosarcoma.
  • Fibrosclerosis multifocal.
  • Fibrosis idiopathic pulmonary.
  • Fibrous cortical defect.
  • Fibrous dysplasia of bone   noun a disturbance in which bone that is undergoing lysis is replaced by an abnormal proliferation of fibrous tissue resulting in bone lesions or skin lesions
  • Fiedler   noun popular United States conductor (1894 1979)
  • s myocarditis.
  • FIGLUest.
  • FIGO classification.
  • cervical cancer.
  • endometrial carcinoma   noun cancer of the uterine lining
  • ovarian carcinoma.
  • vaginal carcinoma.
  • vulval carcinoma.
  • Filariasis   noun a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels
  • Fine needle aspiration cytology.
  • FNAC.
  • advantages of.
  • applications of.
  • complications of.
  • contraindications of.
  • limitations of.
  • method of.
  • precautions in.
  • procedure of.
  • smear preparation.
  • Fish mouth appearance.
  • Fissure anal.
  • Fistula in ano.
  • Fistularacheo oesophageal.
  • Fitearaco staining.
  • Fixatives in cytology.
  • Flagella.
  • Flavonoids.
  • Flea bitten kidney.
  • Floppy valve syndrome.
  • Flow cytometry.
  • Fluid compartments.
  • Fluorescent microscope.
  • Fluorochrome   noun any of various fluorescent substances used in fluorescence microscopy to stain specimens
  • Fluorosis skeletal.
  • FNAC.
  • Foam cellf.
  • Focal glomerulonephritis.
  • Focal necrosis liver.
  • Foetal alcohol syndrome.
  • Folate   noun a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • Folin Wu method.
  • Follicular adenomahyroid.
  • Follicular hyperplasia lymph node.
  • Folliculitis   noun inflammation of a hair follicle
  • Fontana Masson.
  • Food poisoning   noun illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food
  • Foot process disease.
  • Fordyce.
  • s granules.
  • Fracture healing.
  • Franklin   noun a landowner (14th and 15th centuries) who was free but not of noble birth;  printer whose success as an author led him to take up politics; he helped draw up the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution; he played a major role in the American Revolution and negotiated French support for the colonists; as a scientist he is remembered particularly for his research in electricity (1706 1790);  United States historian noted for studies of Black American history (born in 1915)
  • s disease.
  • Franzen handle.
  • Free radicals.
  • Frost bite.
  • Frozen section.
  • Fungal diseases.
  • Fungal infections.
  • lungs.
  • skin   noun an outer surface (usually thin);  a bag serving as a container for liquids; it is made from the hide of an animal;  a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch;  a person's skin regarded as their life;  the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.g. a fruit);  body covering of a living animal;  the rind of a fruit or vegetable;  verb strip the skin off;  bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of;  remove the bark of a tree;  climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
  • Fungal stains.
  • Furuncle   noun a painful sore with a hard core filled with pus
  • G   noun the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated;  (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation;  a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes;  a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • Galactocele   noun a cystic tumor containing milk or a milky substance (especially in the mammary glands)
  • Galactorrhoea.
  • Galen Claudius.
  • Gallbladder carcinoma.
  • Gallstones.
  • Gamma glutamylranspeptidase.
  • g GT.
  • Gamna Gandy bodies.
  • Ganglion cyst.
  • Ganglioneuroma.
  • Gangrene   noun necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass;  the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply);  verb undergo necrosis
  • dry versus wet.
  • gas   noun the state of matter distinguished from the solid and liquid states by: relatively low density and viscosity; relatively great expansion and contraction with changes in pressure and temperature; the ability to diffuse readily; and the spontaneous tendency to become distributed uniformly throughout any container; a fluid in the gaseous state having neither independent shape nor volume and being able to expand indefinitely;  a pedal that controls the throttle valve;  a state of excessive gas in the alimentary canal;  a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal combustion engines;  a fossil fuel in the gaseous state; used for cooking and heating homes;  verb attack with gas; subject to gas fumes;  show off
  • Gap junctions.
  • Gardner   noun writer of detective novels featuring Perry Mason (1889 1970);  United States collector and patron of art who built a museum in Boston to house her collection and opened it to the public in 1903 (1840 1924)
  • s syndrome.
  • Gartner duct cyst.
  • Gastric acid.
  • Gastric analysis.
  • Gastric canal.
  • Gastric carcinoma.
  • early   adj. at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time;  being or occurring at an early stage of development;  of an early stage in the development of a language or literature;  very young;  belonging to the distant past; expected in the near future;  adv. before the usual time or the time expected;  in good time;  during an early stage
  • EGC.
  • Gastric lavage   noun washing out the stomach with sterile water or a saltwater solution; removes blood or poisons
  • Gastric ulcer   noun a peptic ulcer of the stomach
  • benign versus malignant.
  • versus duodenal ulcer.
  • Gastrin   noun polypeptide hormone secreted by the mucous lining of the stomach; induces the secretion of gastric juice
  • Gastrinoma.
  • Gastritis   noun inflammation of the lining of the stomach; nausea and loss of appetite and discomfort after eating
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • atrophic   adj. relating to or characterized by atrophy
  • autoimmune   adj. of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • chronic superficial.
  • classification of.
  • H   noun the 8th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure;  the constant of proportionality relating the energy of a photon to its frequency; approximately 6.626 x 10^ 34 joule second;  a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second;  a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • pylori.
  • hypertrophic.
  • type A   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • type AB   noun the blood group whose red cells carry both the A and B antigens
  • type B   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen
  • Gastroenteropathy.
  • haemorrhagic   adj. of or relating to a hemorrhage
  • Gastrointestinal stromalumour.
  • GIST   noun the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
  • Gastrointestinalract.
  • Gaucher.
  • s disease.
  • G cellumour.
  • Genetic diseases.
  • Genetic disorders.
  • Genome human.
  • Germ cellumours.
  • ovary   noun (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone;  the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • testis   noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • Ghon.
  • s complex.
  • GI bleeding.
  • Giant cell lesions of bone.
  • Giant cellumour of bone.
  • Giant cellumour ofendon sheath.
  • Giant cells.
  • foreign body.
  • Langhans.
  • Touton.
  • tumour   noun an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  • Gibbs Donnan equilibrium.
  • Giemsa.
  • Gigantism   noun excessive largeness of stature;  excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • Gilbert   noun United States architect who influenced the development of the skyscraper (1859 1934);  English navigator who in 1583 established in Newfoundland the first English colony in North America (1539 1583);  English court physician noted for his studies of terrestrial magnetism (1540 1603);  a librettist who was a collaborator with Sir Arthur Sullivan in a famous series of comic operettas (1836 1911);  a unit of magnetomotive force equal to 0.7958 ampere turns
  • s syndrome.
  • Gingivitis   noun inflammation of the gums
  • GIST   noun the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
  • Gastrointestinal stromalumour.
  • Gitter cells.
  • Glanzman.
  • s disease.
  • Glaucoma   noun increased pressure in the eyeball due to obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor; damages the optic disc and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness)
  • Gleason.
  • s staging prostate.
  • Glialibrillary acidic protein.
  • GFAP.
  • Glioblastoma multiforme.
  • Gliomas.
  • Gliosis.
  • Glisson.
  • s capsule.
  • Global hypoxic ischaemic.
  • encephalopathy   noun any disorder or disease of the brain
  • Globi.
  • Glomerular basement membrane.
  • GBM.
  • f   noun the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • Glomerular diseases.
  • classification of.
  • clinical manifestations of.
  • contrastingeatures of.
  • definition of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • specificypes of.
  • Glomerulariltration rate.
  • GFR.
  • Glomerular injury.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • Glomerulonephritis   noun nephritis marked by inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney; characterized by decreased production of urine and by the presence of blood and protein in the urine and by edema
  • GN.
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • crescentic.
  • distinguishingeatures of.
  • end stage.
  • focal   adj. having or localized centrally at a focus;  of or relating to a focus
  • IgA   noun one of the most common of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; the chief antibody in the membranes of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts
  • mechanisms of.
  • membranoproliferative.
  • membranous   adj. characterized by formation of a membrane (or something resembling a membrane);  relating to or made of or similar to a membrane
  • minimal change disease.
  • lipoid nephrosis.
  • necrotisingocal.
  • non streptococcal.
  • oedema in.
  • post streptococcal.
  • primary   adj. not derived from or reducible to something else; basic;  of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand;  of primary importance;  most important element;  of or being the essential or basic part;  noun a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen;  one of the main flight feathers projecting along the outer edge of a bird's wing;  coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit
  • rapidly progressive.
  • secondary   adj. belonging to a lower class or rank;  not of major importance;  being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate;  depending on or incidental to what is original or primary;  inferior in rank or status;  noun the defensive football players who line up behind the linemen;  coil such that current is induced in it by passing a current through the primary coil
  • Glomerulosclerosis.
  • collapsing sclerosis.
  • diffuse   adj. spread out; not concentrated in one place;  lacking conciseness;  (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected;  verb move outward;  cause to become widely known; spread or diffuse through
  • focal segmental.
  • nodular   adj. having nodules or occurring in the form of nodules; relating to or characterized by or having nodules
  • Glomerulus structure of.
  • Glomus jugulareumour.
  • Glomusumour.
  • glomangioma.
  • Glossitis   noun inflammation of the tongue
  • Glucoseoleranceest.
  • GTT.
  • Glucosephosphate dehydrogenase.
  • GPD.
  • deficiency   noun lack of an adequate quantity or number;  the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  • Glucosuria   noun the presence of abnormally high levels of glucose in the urine
  • alimentary   adj. of or providing nourishment
  • lag storage.
  • renal   adj. of or relating to the kidneys
  • Glutathione Sransferase.
  • GST.
  • Gluten sensitive enteropathy.
  • Glycocalyx.
  • Glycogen stains.
  • Glycogen storage diseases.
  • Glycogenoses.
  • Glycolipids.
  • Glycophorine.
  • Glycoproteins adhesive.
  • Glycosaminoglycans.
  • Glycosylated Hb.
  • Hb AC.
  • Goitre   noun abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
  • adenomatous.
  • colloid   noun a mixture with properties between those of a solution and fine suspension
  • diffuseoxic.
  • endemic   adj. native to or confined to a certain region;  of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality;  originating where it is found;  noun a plant that is native to a certain limited area;  a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
  • nodular   adj. having nodules or occurring in the form of nodules; relating to or characterized by or having nodules
  • simple   adj. unornamented;  (botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or subdivisions;  having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved;  easy and not involved or complicated;  apart from anything else; without additions or modifications;  lacking mental capacity and devoid of subtlety;  exhibiting childlike simplicity and credulity;  noun any herbaceous plant having medicinal properties;  a person lacking intelligence or common sense
  • sporadic   adj. recurring in scattered and irregular or unpredictable instances
  • Goitrogens.
  • Golgi apparatus   noun a netlike structure in the cytoplasm of animal cells (especially in those cells that produce secretions)
  • Gomori.
  • s methenamine silverf.
  • Gonadoblastoma.
  • ovary   noun (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone;  the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • testis   noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • Goodpasture.
  • s syndrome.
  • Gout and pseudogout.
  • G proteins receptors.
  • Grading ofumours.
  • Graft rejection.
  • Graft versus host reaction.
  • Graft vascular.
  • Gram Christian.
  • Granular cell myoblastoma.
  • Granular cellumour posterior.
  • Granulationissueormation.
  • Granulocytes.
  • Granuloma   noun a tumor composed of granulation tissue resulting from injury or inflammation or infection
  • annulare.
  • apical   adj. situated at an apex
  • eosinophilic   adj. of or relating to eosinophil
  • caseating.
  • gravidarum.
  • inguinale.
  • lethal midline.
  • non caseating.
  • plasma cell   noun a cell that develops from a B lymphocyte in reaction to a specific antigen; found in bone marrow and sometimes in the blood
  • pyogenicum.
  • reparative.
  • sarcoid   adj. of or relating to or resembling flesh
  • spermatic   adj. consisting of or resembling spermatozoa
  • Granulomatous inflammation.
  • examples of.
  • leprosy   noun chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
  • sarcoidosis   noun a chronic disease of unknown cause marked by the formation of nodules in the lungs and liver and lymph glands and salivary glands
  • skin   noun an outer surface (usually thin);  a bag serving as a container for liquids; it is made from the hide of an animal;  a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch;  a person's skin regarded as their life;  the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.g. a fruit);  body covering of a living animal;  the rind of a fruit or vegetable;  verb strip the skin off;  bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of;  remove the bark of a tree;  climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
  • syphilis   noun a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages; can be congenital (transmitted through the placenta)
  • prostate   adj. relating to the prostate gland;  noun a firm partly muscular chestnut sized gland in males at the neck of the urethra; produces a viscid secretion that is the fluid part of semen
  • tuberculosis   noun infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
  • uveitis   noun inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • Granulopoiesis.
  • Granulosa cellumour.
  • ovary   noun (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone;  the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • testis   noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • Granulosaheca cellumour.
  • Graves   noun English writer known for his interest in mythology and in the classics (1895 1985)
  • disease   noun an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • Grawitzumour.
  • Grossing.
  • Ground glass nuclei.
  • Growthactors.
  • receptorsor.
  • Growth adaptive disorder of.
  • Guillain Barre syndrome.
  • Gum hypertrophy.
  • Gumma   noun a small rubbery granuloma that is characteristic of an advanced stage of syphilis
  • Gynaecomastia.
  • Gynandroblastoma.
  • H   noun the 8th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure;  the constant of proportionality relating the energy of a photon to its frequency; approximately 6.626 x 10^ 34 joule second;  a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second;  a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • Hydroxyryptamine.
  • HT.
  • H substance.
  • Haber Weiss reaction.
  • Haemangioblastoma.
  • Haemangioendothelioma.
  • Haemangioma   noun benign angioma consisting of a mass of blood vessels; some appear as birthmarks
  • capillaryype.
  • cavernousype.
  • granulationissueype.
  • liver   adj. having a reddish brown color;  noun large and complicated reddish brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn out erythrocytes;  liver of an animal used as meat;  someone who lives in a place;  a person who has a special life style
  • mouth   noun the opening of a jar or bottle;  the externally visible part of the oral cavity on the face and the system of organs surrounding the opening;  the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge;  the point where a stream issues into a larger body of water;  an opening that resembles a mouth (as of a cave or a gorge);  a person conceived as a consumer of food;  an impudent or insolent rejoinder;  a spokesperson (as a lawyer);  verbarticulate silently; form words with the lips only;  touch with the mouth;  express in speech
  • nose   noun a front that resembles a human nose (especially the front of an aircraft);  the front or forward projection of a tool or weapon;  the organ of smell and entrance to the respiratory tract; the prominent part of the face of man or other mammals;  a natural skill; the sense of smell (especially in animals);  a symbol of inquisitiveness;  a small distance;  a projecting spout from which a fluid is discharged;  verb defeat by a narrow margin;  push or move with the nose;  advance the forward part of with caution;  rub noses; catch the scent of; get wind of;  search or inquire in a meddlesome way
  • Haemangiopericytoma.
  • Haematemesis   noun vomiting blood
  • of gastric origin.
  • of oesophageal origin.
  • Haematin.
  • Haematocele   noun swelling caused by blood collecting in a body cavity (especially a swelling of the membrane covering the testis)
  • Haematogenous spread ofumours.
  • Haematological neoplasms.
  • classification of.
  • etiology   noun the philosophical study of causation;  the cause of a disease
  • pathogenesis   noun the origination and development of a disease
  • Haematological values.
  • Haematoma   noun a localized swelling filled with blood
  • dissecting.
  • epidural   adj. on or outside the dura mater;  noun regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord; sensation is lost in the abdominal and genital and pelvic areas; used in childbirth and gynecological surgery
  • subdural   adj. below the dura mater but above the arachnoid membrane of the meninges
  • Haematopoiesis   noun the formation of blood cells in the living body (especially in the bone marrow)
  • extramedullary.
  • Haematopoietic stem cells.
  • Haematoxylin bodies of Gross.
  • Haematuria   noun the presence of blood in the urine; often a symptom of urinary tract disease
  • Haemochromatosis.
  • Haemodialysis associated amyloid.
  • Haemodynamic disturbances.
  • Haemoglobin disorders.
  • Haemoglobinopathies.
  • Haemoglobinopathy unstable.
  • paroxysmal nocturnal.
  • PNH.
  • Haemoglobinuric nephrosis.
  • Haemolysis generaleatures of.
  • Haemolytic anaemia see under.
  • Anaemias haemolytic.
  • Haemolytic disease of newborn.
  • HDN.
  • Haemolytic uraemic syndrome.
  • Haemopericardium.
  • Haemophilia   noun congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son
  • A   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen;  the 1st letter of the Roman alphabet;  the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a metric unit of length equal to one ten billionth of a meter (or 0.0001 micron); used to specify wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation;  (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  any of several fat soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • B   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • Haemoprotein derived pigments.
  • Haemoptysis causes of.
  • Haemorrhage   noun flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
  • intracerebral   adj. within the brain
  • intracranial   adj. within the skull
  • pulmonary   adj. relating to or affecting the lungs
  • subarachnoid.
  • Haemorrhagic diatheses.
  • bleeding disorders.
  • coagulation disorders.
  • DIC.
  • investigations of.
  • platelet count disorders.
  • plateletunction disorders.
  • vascular disorders.
  • Haemorrhagic disease of newborn.
  • HDN.
  • Haemorrhagicevers viral.
  • Haemorrhagic gastroenteropathy.
  • Haemorrhoids.
  • Haemosiderin   noun a granular brown substance composed of ferric oxide; left from the breakdown of hemoglobin; can be a sign of disturbed iron metabolism
  • Haemosiderosis   noun abnormal deposit of hemosiderin; often a symptom of thalassemia or hemochromatosis
  • Haemostasis screeningests of.
  • Haemostasis vascular.
  • Haemostaticunction.
  • Haemostatic disorders laboratoryindings in.
  • t   noun the 20th letter of the Roman alphabet;  hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells;  thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but with one less iodine atom per molecule and produced in smaller quantity; exerts the same biological effects as thyroxine but is more potent and briefer;  a unit of information equal to a trillion (1,099,511,627,776) bytes or 1024 gigabytes;  a unit of weight equivalent to 1000 kilograms;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
  • Haemothorax   noun accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest)
  • Hagemanactorf.
  • Hairollicleumours of.
  • Hairy cell leukaemia.
  • Ham   noun meat cut from the thigh of a hog (usually smoked);  an unskilled actor who overacts;  a licensed amateur radio operator; (Old Testament) son of Noah;  verb exaggerate one's acting
  • sest.
  • Hamartoma   noun a focal growth that resembles a neoplasm but results from faulty development in an organ
  • Hamartoma pulmonary.
  • Hamartomas vascular.
  • Hamman Rich syndrome.
  • Hand Schuller Christian disease.
  • Hansen GHA.
  • Hapten.
  • Harrison   noun 9th President of the United States; caught pneumonia during his inauguration and died shortly after (1773 1841);  23rd President of the United States (1833 1901);  English rock star; lead guitarist of the Beatles (1943 2001);  English actor on stage and in films (1908 1990)
  • s sulcus.
  • Hashimoto.
  • shyroiditis.
  • Hashitoxicosis.
  • Hassall.
  • s corpuscle.
  • Hayever.
  • Hay   noun grass mowed and cured for use as fodder;  verb convert (plant material) into hay
  • sest.
  • Hb Barts.
  • hydropsoetalis.
  • Hb Constant Spring.
  • Hb D disease.
  • Hb Lepore syndrome.
  • Hb H disease.
  • HBsAg.
  • HBx Ag.
  • hCG   noun hormone produced early in pregnancy by the placenta; detection in the urine and serum is the basis for one kind of pregnancy test
  • HDL   noun a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of a high proportion of protein and relatively little cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with decreased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis
  • Head injury.
  • Healing   adj. tending to cure or restore to health;  noun the natural process by which the body repairs itself
  • byirst intention.
  • primary union.
  • by regeneration.
  • by repair.
  • by second intention.
  • secondary union.
  • complications of.
  • factors influencing.
  • fracture   noun the act of cracking something;  breaking of hard tissue such as bone;  (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other;  verbfracture a bone of;  break (a bone);  become fractured;  violate or abuse;  break into pieces;  interrupt, break, or destroy
  • mucosal surfaces.
  • muscle   noun authority or power or force (especially when used in a coercive way);  animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells;  one of the contractile organs of the body; possessing muscular strength;  a bully employed as a thug or bodyguard;  verb make one's way by force
  • nervousissues.
  • solid epithelial organs.
  • specialisedissues.
  • wound   adj. put in a coil;  noun the act of inflicting a wound;  a casualty to military personnel resulting from combat;  a figurative injury (to your feelings or pride);  any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision;  verb cause injuries or bodily harm to;  hurt the feelings of
  • Health definition of.
  • Heart   noun a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it;  an inclination or tendency of a certain kind;  the courage to carry on;  the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body;  the locus of feelings and intuitions;  a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal);  a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  a positive feeling of liking;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region
  • blood supply of.
  • brown atrophy of.
  • cardiac interventions.
  • congenital diseases of.
  • infarcts.
  • also see under Myocardial.
  • malpositions of.
  • normal structure of.
  • transplant   noun the act of removing something from one location and introducing it in another location;  an operation moving an organ from one organism (the donor) to another (the recipient);  (surgery) tissue or organ transplanted from a donor to a recipient; in some cases the patient can be both donor and recipient;  verb place the organ of a donor into the body of a recipient;  lift and reset in another soil or situation;  be transplantable;  transfer from one place or period to another
  • tumours of.
  • Heartburn   noun a painful burning sensation in the chest caused by gastroesophageal reflux (backflow from the stomach irritating the esophagus); symptomatic of an ulcer or a diaphragmatic hernia or other disorder
  • Heartailure.
  • Heartailure cells.
  • Heat shock protein.
  • HSP.
  • Heavy chain diseases.
  • Heberden.
  • s nodes.
  • Heinz body anaemia.
  • Heinz bodies.
  • Helicobacter pylori.
  • Henoch Schonlein.
  • s purpura.
  • Hepadenoviruses.
  • Hepar lobatum.
  • Hepatic arterial obstruction.
  • Hepaticailure.
  • Hepaticumours andumour like lesions.
  • Hepatic venous obstruction.
  • Hepatisation lung.
  • Hepatitis clinico pathological spectrum of.
  • activity score.
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • autoimmune   adj. of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
  • carrier state.
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • chronic active.
  • chronic persistent.
  • contrastingeatures of.
  • fulminant   adj. sudden and severe
  • lupoid.
  • massiveo submassive.
  • neonatal   adj. relating to or affecting the infant during the first month after birth
  • Hepatitis vaccines.
  • Hepatitis viral.
  • A   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen;  the 1st letter of the Roman alphabet;  the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a metric unit of length equal to one ten billionth of a meter (or 0.0001 micron); used to specify wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation;  (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  any of several fat soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • B   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • classification of.
  • C   noun the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet;  (music) the keynote of the scale of C major;  a general purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system;  street names for cocaine;  a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second;  a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second
  • D   noun the 4th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a fat soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • E   noun the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282...;  the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees;  a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons;  a fat soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • G   noun the 7th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of force equal to the force exerted by gravity; used to indicate the force to which a body is subjected when it is accelerated;  (physics) the universal constant relating force to mass and distance in Newton's law of gravitation;  a unit of information equal to one billion (1,073,741,824) bytes or 1024 megabytes;  a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with cytosine
  • Hepatoblastoma.
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma   noun carcinoma of the liver
  • Hepatolenticular degeneration   noun a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism; copper accumulates in the liver and then in the red blood cells and brain
  • Hepatorenal syndrome.
  • Hepatotoxicity.
  • Hephaestin.
  • Hereditary haemorrhagicelangiectasia.
  • Hereditary hyperbilirubinaemia.
  • Hereditary persistent ofetal haemoglobin.
  • Hernia   noun rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
  • hiatus   noun a missing piece (as a gap in a manuscript);  a natural opening or perforation through a bone or a membranous structure; an interruption in the intensity or amount of something
  • incisional.
  • strangulated.
  • Herpes simplex virus   noun a herpes virus that affects the skin and nervous system
  • Herpes virus   noun any of the animal viruses that cause painful blisters on the skin
  • Herpes zoster   noun a herpes virus that causes shingles;  eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
  • Herring bone pattern.
  • Hess capillaryest.
  • Heterochromatin.
  • Heterophagy.
  • Heterophile antibody   noun an antibody found in the blood of someone suffering from infectious mononucleosis
  • Heterotopia.
  • Heterotopia pancreatic.
  • Heterotopic calcification.
  • Hexose monophosphate.
  • HMP.
  • shuntf.
  • Heymann.
  • s nephritis.
  • Hibernoma.
  • Hidradenoma.
  • vulva   noun external parts of the female genitalia
  • Hippocrates   noun medical practitioner who is regarded as the father of medicine; author of the Hippocratic oath (circa 460 377 BC)
  • Hirano bodies.
  • Hirschsprung   noun Danish pediatrician (1830 1916)
  • s disease.
  • Histamine   noun amine formed from histidine that stimulates gastric secretions and dilates blood vessels; released by the human immune system during allergic reactions
  • Histiocytes.
  • cardiac   adj. of or relating to the heart
  • Histiocytic neoplasms.
  • Histiocytoma.
  • benignibrous.
  • malignantibrous.
  • Histiocytosis X.
  • Langerhans.
  • cell   noun (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;  a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;  a room where a prisoner is kept;  small room is which a monk or nun lives;  any small compartment;  a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;  a hand held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short range transmitter/receiver
  • histiocytosis   noun a blood disease characterized by an abnormal multiplication of macrophages
  • Histochemistry.
  • Histocompatibility leucocyte antigens.
  • HLA.
  • Histoplasmosis.
  • HIV structure of.
  • infection see under AIDS.
  • lymphadenopathy   noun chronic abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes (usually associated with disease)
  • HLA system.
  • Hodgkin cells.
  • Hodgkin   noun English physiologist who, with Andrew Huxley, discovered the role of potassium and sodium atoms in the transmission of the nerve impulse (born in 1914);  English chemist (born in Egypt) who used crystallography to study the structure of organic compounds (1910 1994);  English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798 1866)
  • s disease.
  • classification of.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • etiopathogenesis of.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • other laboratoryindings in.
  • prognosis of.
  • staging of.
  • versus non Hodgkin.
  • s lymphoma.
  • Hodgkinhomas.
  • Hollander   noun a native or inhabitant of Holland
  • sest.
  • Homeostasis   noun (physiology) metabolic equilibrium actively maintained by several complex biological mechanisms that operate via the autonomic nervous system to offset disrupting changes
  • Homing receptor.
  • Homogentisic acid   noun an acid formed as an intermediate product of the metabolism of tyrosine and phenylalanine
  • Honey comb lung.
  • Hookah smoking.
  • Hordeolum   noun an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  • Hormones in cancer.
  • Hormones effect on endometrium.
  • Hour glass deformity.
  • Howell Jolly bodies.
  • H   noun the 8th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity equal to the internal energy of a system plus the product of its volume and pressure;  the constant of proportionality relating the energy of a photon to its frequency; approximately 6.626 x 10^ 34 joule second;  a unit of inductance in which an induced electromotive force of one volt is produced when the current is varied at the rate of one ampere per second;  a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • pylori.
  • Human genome project   noun an international study of the entire human genetic material
  • Human herpes virus.
  • HHV.
  • Human immunodeficiency virus   noun the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
  • HIV   noun infection by the human immunodeficiency virus;  the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
  • Human leucocyte antigen.
  • HLA.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Human papilloma virus   noun any of a group of papovaviruses associated with genital or oral carcinomas or a group associated with benign genital tumors
  • HPV.
  • Human cell lymphotropic virus.
  • HTLV.
  • Hunner.
  • s cystitis.
  • Hunter John.
  • Hurthle cells.
  • Hutchinson   noun American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591 1643)
  • seeth.
  • Hyaline alcoholic.
  • Hyaline change.
  • Hyaline membrane disease   noun an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli
  • Hybridisation in situ.
  • filter   noun device that removes something from whatever passes through it;  an electrical device that alters the frequency spectrum of signals passing through it;  verb remove by passing through a filter; pass through;  run or flow slowly, as in drops or in an unsteady stream
  • Hybridoma monoclonal antibodies.
  • polyclonal antibodies.
  • Hydatid disease liver.
  • Hydatid sand.
  • Hydatidiform mole   noun an abnormality during pregnancy; chorionic villi around the fetus degenerate and form clusters of fluid filled sacs; usually associated with the death of the fetus
  • versus choriocarcinoma.
  • Hydrocele   noun disorder in which serous fluid accumulates in a body sac (especially in the scrotum)
  • Hydrocephalus   noun an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face; in adults the symptoms are primarily neurological
  • Hydrolytic enzymes.
  • Hydronephrosis   noun accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter
  • Hydropericardium.
  • Hydropic change.
  • Hydropsoetalis.
  • Hydrostatic pressure.
  • Hydrothorax   noun accumulation of fluid in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest) often resulting from disease of the heart or kidneys
  • Hydroxytryptamine.
  • HT.
  • Hyperadrenalism   noun a glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland; characterized by obesity
  • Hyperaemia   noun increased blood in an organ or other body part
  • active   adj. characterized by energetic activity;  engaged in full time work;  full of activity or engaged in continuous activity;  tending to become more severe or wider in scope;  disposed to take action or effectuate change;  (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt;  (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting;  expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water');  expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions";  exerting influence or producing a change or effect;  of the sun; characterized by a high level activity in sunspots and flares and radio emissions;  in operation;  taking part in an activity;  engaged in or ready for military or naval operations;  noun a person devoted to the active life;  the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb;  chemical agent capable of activity
  • passive   adj. lacking in energy or will;  expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb; peacefully resistant in response to injustice;  noun the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
  • Hyperaldosteronism   noun a condition caused by overproduction of aldosterone
  • Hyperbilirubinaemia.
  • conjugated   adj. of an organic compound; containing two or more double bonds each separated from the other by a single bond; formed by the union of two compounds;  joined together especially in a pair or pairs
  • hereditary   adj. inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent;  tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • unconjugated.
  • unconjugated versus conjugated.
  • Hypercalcaemia   noun the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease
  • Hypercholesterolaemia.
  • familial   adj. tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity;  relating to or having the characteristics of a family
  • Hyperchromatism.
  • Hypercoagulability of blood.
  • Hypereosinophilic syndrome.
  • Hypergastrinaemia.
  • Hyperglycaemia   noun abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
  • Hyperinsulinism.
  • Hyperkeratosis.
  • Hyperlipidaemia   noun presence of excess lipids in the blood
  • Hypernephroma.
  • Hyperosmolar non ketotic coma.
  • versus diabetic ketoacidosis.
  • Hyperphosphataemia.
  • Hyperpigmentation   noun unusual darkening of the skin
  • Hyperpituitarism   noun excessive activity of the pituitary gland (especially overactivity of the anterior lobe which leads to excess secretion of growth hormone)
  • Hyperplasia   noun abnormal increase in number of cells
  • atypical   adj. deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal;  not representative of a group, class, or type
  • breast epithelial.
  • denture   noun a dental appliance that artificially replaces missing teeth
  • endometrial   adj. of or relating to the endometrium
  • focal nodular liver.
  • microglandular cervix.
  • prostate nodular.
  • skin pseudocarcinomatous.
  • squamous vulva.
  • thyroid primary.
  • Hyperprolactinaemia.
  • Hypersensitivity reactions.
  • delayedype.
  • immediateype.
  • Hypersplenism   noun enlarged spleen and a decrease in one or more types of blood cells; associated with many disorders
  • Hypertension portal.
  • Hypertension pulmonary.
  • Hypertension systemic.
  • atherosclerosis in.
  • classification of.
  • definition of.
  • effects of.
  • etiology   noun the philosophical study of causation;  the cause of a disease
  • in dissecting haematoma.
  • kidney in.
  • malignant   adj. dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
  • pathogenesis of.
  • renovascular.
  • Hypertensive heart disease.
  • Hypertensive retinopathy.
  • Hypertensive vascular disease.
  • Hyperthermia   noun abnormally high body temperature; sometimes induced (as in treating some forms of cancer)
  • Hyperthyroidism   noun an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
  • Hypertrophic scar.
  • Hypertrophy   noun abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ; verb undergo hypertrophy
  • asymmetric septal.
  • cardiac   adj. of or relating to the heart
  • concentric   adj. having a common center
  • eccentric   adj. not having a common center; not concentric; conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual;  noun a person with an unusual or odd personality;  a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities)
  • SER.
  • Hyperuricaemia.
  • Hyperviscosity.
  • Hypervitaminosis A.
  • Hypervitaminosis D.
  • Hyphema   noun bleeding into the interior chamber of the eye
  • Hypoadrenalism   noun a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin
  • Hypoaldosteronism.
  • Hypocalcaemia   noun abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
  • Hypochromasia.
  • Hypoglycaemia   noun abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
  • Hypoparathyroidism   noun inadequate secretion of parathyroid hormone resulting in abnormally low levels of calcium in the blood
  • Hypopigmentation   noun unusual lack of skin color
  • Hypopituitarism.
  • Hypoplasia   noun underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells
  • Hypoprothrombinaemia.
  • Hypospadias   noun an abnormal condition in males in which the urethra opens on the under surface of the penis
  • Hypothalamus pituitary axis.
  • hyperfunction of.
  • hypofunction of.
  • Hypothermia   noun subnormal body temperature
  • Hypothyroidism   noun an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
  • Hypoxic cell injury.
  • irreversible   adj. incapable of being reversed
  • reversible   adj. capable of assuming or producing either of two states;  capable of reversing or being reversed;  capable of being reversed or used with either side out;  capable of being reversed; noun a garment (especially a coat) that can be worn inside out (with either side of the cloth showing)
  • Hypoxic ischaemic.
  • encephalopathy   noun any disorder or disease of the brain
  • I   noun the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
  • Icthyosis.
  • Idiopathic pulmonaryibrosis.
  • Idiopathic retroperitonealibrosis.
  • Idiopathichrombocytopenic purpura.
  • ITP.
  • IgA nephropathy.
  • Illness definition of.
  • Image analyser.
  • Immotile cilia syndrome.
  • Immune complex disease.
  • kidney   noun either of two bean shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • Immune complex reaction.
  • Immune system organs of.
  • cells of.
  • Immunity   noun the quality of being unaffected by something; (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease;  an act exempting someone;  the state of not being susceptible
  • diseases of.
  • Immunodeficiency diseases.
  • Immunodeficiency syndrome acquired.
  • AIDS   noun a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • also see under AIDS.
  • Immunofluorescence   noun (immunology) a technique that uses antibodies linked to a fluorescent dye in order to study antigens in a sample of tissue
  • Immunoglobulins serum.
  • Immunohistochemistry   noun an assay that shows specific antigens in tissues by the use of markers that are either fluorescent dyes or enzymes (such as horseradish peroxidase)
  • Immunologic lung disease.
  • Immunologicissue injury.
  • Immunology ofumours.
  • Immunosurveillance of cancer.
  • Immunopathology   noun the branch of immunology that deals with pathologies of the immune system
  • Immunoprophylaxis hepatitis.
  • Impaired glucoseolerance.
  • IGT.
  • Impairedasting glucose.
  • Impetigo   noun a very contagious infection of the skin; common in children; localized redness develops into small blisters that gradually crust and erode
  • Implantation cyst.
  • Inborn errors of metabolism.
  • Incompetence valvular.
  • Incontinence pigment.
  • Indianile arrangement.
  • Infarction   noun localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
  • definition   noun clarity of outline;  a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase or symbol
  • etiology of.
  • morphology in organs.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • types of.
  • Infarcts.
  • border zone.
  • brain   noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord;  mental ability;  the brain of certain animals used as meat;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality;  verb kill by smashing someone's skull;  hit on the head
  • cerebral   adj. involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • common sites.
  • heart   noun a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it;  an inclination or tendency of a certain kind;  the courage to carry on;  the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body;  the locus of feelings and intuitions;  a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal);  a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines;  the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience;  a positive feeling of liking;  an area that is approximately central within some larger region
  • intestine   noun the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • kidney   noun either of two bean shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • liver   adj. having a reddish brown color;  noun large and complicated reddish brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn out erythrocytes;  liver of an animal used as meat;  someone who lives in a place;  a person who has a special life style
  • lung   noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • myocardial   adj. of or relating to the myocardium
  • retinal   adj. in or relating to the retina of the eye;  noun either of two yellow to red retinal pigments formed from rhodopsin by the action of light
  • septicf.
  • spleen   noun a large dark red oval organ on the left side of the body between the stomach and the diaphragm; produces cells involved in immune responses;  a feeling of resentful anger
  • watershed   noun a ridge of land that separates two adjacent river systems;  an event marking a unique or important historical change of course or one on which important developments depend
  • Infections.
  • pulmonary   adj. relating to or affecting the lungs
  • Infectious agent   noun an agent capable of producing infection
  • factors relatingo.
  • identification of.
  • Infectious mononucleosis   noun an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
  • Infertility male.
  • Infestations.
  • Infiltrations.
  • Inflammation acute.
  • cardinal signs of.
  • causes of.
  • cellular events.
  • definition of.
  • factors determining variation in.
  • fate of.
  • fever in.
  • haemodynamic changes in.
  • inflammatory cells in.
  • leucocytosis in.
  • mediators of.
  • morphology of.
  • regulation of.
  • resolution of.
  • signs of.
  • systemic effects of.
  • types of.
  • vascular events in.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Inflammation chronic.
  • granulomatous   adj. relating to or characterized by granulomas
  • Inflammatory bowel disease   noun inflammation of the colon
  • Inflammatory cells.
  • Inflammatory response.
  • factors determining.
  • Influenza viruses.
  • In situ hybridisation.
  • Insecticides.
  • Insufficiency valvular.
  • aortic   adj. of or relating to the aorta
  • mitral   adj. of or relating to or located in or near the mitral valve; relating to or resembling the miter worn by some clerics
  • Insulin metabolism.
  • Insulinoma.
  • Insulitis.
  • Integrins.
  • Interferon   noun an antiviral protein produced by cells that have been invaded by a virus; inhibits replication of the virus
  • Interleukin   noun any of several lymphokines that promote macrophages and killer T cells and B cells and other components of the immune system
  • Intermediateilaments.
  • Internal environment.
  • Interphase.
  • Interstitial cellumourestis.
  • Interstitial lung diseases.
  • ILDs.
  • defintion of.
  • with connectiveissue diseases.
  • with immunologic lung diseases.
  • with smoking.
  • Interstitialumour medullary.
  • Intestinal biopsy.
  • Intestinal obstruction   noun blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
  • Intestine large.
  • normal structure of.
  • polyps.
  • Intestine small.
  • atresia of.
  • adhesions of.
  • bands of.
  • biopsy   noun examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease
  • malrotation of.
  • normal structure of.
  • obstruction of.
  • tumours of.
  • Intra abdominal desmoplastic small cell.
  • tumour   noun an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  • Intracellular accumulations.
  • ofat.
  • of glycogen.
  • of proteins.
  • Intracellularluid compartment.
  • Intracerebral haemorrhage.
  • Intracranial haemorrhage.
  • Intraepithelial neoplasia.
  • breast   noun the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen;  either of two soft fleshy milk secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman;  meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit;  meet at breast level;  confront bodily
  • bronchus   noun either of the two main branches of the trachea
  • cervix   noun necklike opening to the uterus;  the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body
  • skin   noun an outer surface (usually thin);  a bag serving as a container for liquids; it is made from the hide of an animal;  a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch;  a person's skin regarded as their life;  the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.g. a fruit);  body covering of a living animal;  the rind of a fruit or vegetable;  verb strip the skin off;  bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of;  remove the bark of a tree;  climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
  • vulval   adj. of or relating to the vulva
  • Intratubular germ cell neoplasia.
  • Intravascular haemolysiseatures of.
  • Intrinsicactor.
  • IF.
  • Intussusception   noun (biology) growth in the surface area of a cell by the deposit of new particles between existing particles in the cell wall;  the folding in of an outer layer so as to form a pocket in the surface
  • Inversions chromosomal.
  • Involucrum.
  • Ionising radiation.
  • Iron cycle.
  • Iron metabolism.
  • Irreversibility of shock.
  • Irreversible cell injury.
  • Ischaemia   noun local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
  • brain   noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord;  mental ability;  the brain of certain animals used as meat;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality;  verb kill by smashing someone's skull;  hit on the head
  • definition of.
  • effects of.
  • etiology of.
  • factors determining.
  • myocardial   adj. of or relating to the myocardium
  • Ischaemic bowel disease.
  • Ischaemic brain damage.
  • Ischaemic heart disease.
  • IHD.
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • coronary atherosclerosis in.
  • effects of.
  • etiopathogenesis of.
  • lesions in.
  • sudden cardiac death in.
  • Islet cell changes in diabetes.
  • Islet cellumours.
  • Isochromosome.
  • Isograft.
  • Ito cells.
  • J   noun the 10th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of electrical energy equal to the work done when a current of one ampere passes through a resistance of one ohm for one second
  • Jamshidi needle.
  • Janeway.
  • s spots.
  • Jaundice   noun yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones or liver infection or anemia;  a rough and bitter manner;  verb affect with, or as if with, jaundice;  distort adversely
  • classification of.
  • conjugated hyperbilirubinaemia.
  • neonatal   adj. relating to or affecting the infant during the first month after birth
  • unconjugated hyperbilirubinaemia.
  • Jaw lumpy.
  • cysts of.
  • Jenner Edward.
  • Jodbasedow disease.
  • Joints disease of.
  • Joint mice.
  • Joint normal structure of.
  • Jones   noun English phonetician (1881 1967);  one of the first great English architects and a theater designer (1573 1652);  American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747 1792);  United States golfer (1902 1971);  United States railroad engineer who died trying to stop his train from crashing into another train; a friend wrote a famous ballad describing the incident (1864 1900);  United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830 1930)
  • criteria revised.
  • Jugular paraganglioma.
  • Junctions intercellular.
  • Juvenile melanoma.
  • Juvenile   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people;  displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity;  noun a youthful person
  • retention   noun the act of retaining something;  the power of retaining liquid;  the power of retaining and recalling past experience
  • polyps.
  • Juvenile polyposis syndrome.
  • Juxtaglomerular apparatus.
  • tumour of.
  • K   noun street names for ketamine;  the 11th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of information equal to one thousand (1024) bytes; the basic unit of thermodynamic temperature adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a light soft silver white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • Kallikrein.
  • Kangri cancer.
  • Kaposi.
  • s sarcoma.
  • Kartagener.
  • s syndrome.
  • Karyolysis   noun disintegration and dissolution of a cell nucleus when a cell dies
  • Karyorrhexis.
  • Karyotypic abnormalities.
  • Karyotyping.
  • Kawasaki.
  • s disease.
  • Keloid   noun raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury; results from excessive tissue repair
  • Keratoconjunctivitis   noun inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva
  • Keratohyaline granules.
  • Keratoma.
  • Keratomalacia   noun softening and drying and ulceration of the cornea resulting from vitamin A deficiency; symptom of cystic fibrosis or sprue
  • Keratosisollicularis.
  • Keratosis solar.
  • Keratosis palmaris et plantaris.
  • Keratosis smokers.
  • solar   adj. relating to or derived from the sun or utilizing the energies of the sun
  • Kerley lines.
  • Kernicterus   noun an abnormal accumulation of bile pigment in the brain and other nerve tissue; causes yellow staining and tissue damage
  • Ketoacidosis diabetic.
  • versus non ketotic coma.
  • Ketonuria   noun excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
  • Kidney   noun either of two bean shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • adenocarcinoma of.
  • biopsy   noun examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease
  • clearanceests.
  • concentrationest.
  • congenital malformations of.
  • CVC.
  • cystic disease of.
  • dilutionest.
  • end stage.
  • flea bitten   adj. worn and broken down by hard use
  • functionests.
  • horse shoe.
  • infarcts.
  • large white   noun Old World form of cabbage butterfly
  • normal structure of.
  • papilla of.
  • shock   noun the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat;  an unpleasant or disappointing surprise;  an instance of agitation of the earth's crust;  a bushy thick mass (especially hair);  a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field;  (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor;  a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body;  a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses;  the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally;  verb subject to electrical shocks;  collect or gather into shocks;  collide violently;  strike with horror or terror;  surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off;  strike with disgust or revulsion;  inflict a trauma upon
  • small contracted.
  • stones.
  • tumours.
  • Kiel classification.
  • Killing bacterial.
  • Kimmelstiel Wilson lesions.
  • Kinin system.
  • Klinefelter syndrome   noun syndrome in males that is characterized by small testes and long legs and enlarged breasts and reduced sperm production and mental retardation; a genetic defect in which an extra X chromosome (XXY) is present in the male
  • Knock knee   noun an inward slant of the thigh
  • Knudsonwo hit hypothesis.
  • Koch   noun German bacteriologist who isolated the anthrax bacillus and the tubercle bacillus and the cholera bacillus (1843 1910)
  • s bacillus.
  • Koch   noun German bacteriologist who isolated the anthrax bacillus and the tubercle bacillus and the cholera bacillus (1843 1910)
  • s phenomenon.
  • Koch Robert.
  • KOH preparation.
  • Koilocytosis.
  • Korsakoff psychosis.
  • Kraurosis vulvae   noun kraurosis of the vulva; often a precancerous lesion
  • Krukenbergumour.
  • Kulchitsky cells.
  • Kupffer cells.
  • Kussmaul.
  • s respiration.
  • Kviemest.
  • Kwashiorkor   noun severe malnutrition in children resulting from a diet excessively high in carbohydrates and low in protein
  • L   noun the 12th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints);  a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter
  • Laboratory values of clinical significance.
  • Lacis cells.
  • Lactate dehydrogenase.
  • LDH.
  • Laennec.
  • s cirrhosis.
  • Laennec RTH.
  • Lambl.
  • s excrescences.
  • Laminin.
  • Landsteiner Karl.
  • Langerhans.
  • cells.
  • Langerhans.
  • cell   noun (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;  a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;  a room where a prisoner is kept;  small room is which a monk or nun lives;  any small compartment;  a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;  a hand held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short range transmitter/receiver
  • histiocytosis   noun a blood disease characterized by an abnormal multiplication of macrophages
  • histiocytosis X.
  • Langhans.
  • giant cells.
  • Laryngitis   noun inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx; characterized by hoarseness or loss of voice and coughing
  • Larynx   noun a cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea; contains elastic vocal cords that are the source of the vocal tone in speech
  • carcinoma of.
  • normal structure of.
  • oedema of.
  • papilloma   noun a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
  • polyp of.
  • tuberculosis of.
  • tumours of.
  • Laser microdissection.
  • Lateral aberranthyroid.
  • Lateral vaginal smear.
  • Lavage gastric.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • LE cell phenomenon.
  • Lead poisoning   noun toxic condition produced by the absorption of excessive lead into the system
  • Lecithin   noun a yellow phospholipid essential for the metabolism of fats; found in egg yolk and in many plant and animal cells; used commercially as an emulsifier
  • Leeuwenhoek von.
  • Legionnaire   noun a soldier who is a member of a legion (especially the French Foreign Legion);  a member of the American Legion
  • s disease.
  • Leiomyoblastoma.
  • Leiomyoma   noun benign tumor of smooth muscle (usually in the uterus or digestive tract)
  • epithelioid cell.
  • Leiomyosarcoma   noun sarcoma of smooth muscle; occurs most often digestive tract or uterus or bladder or prostate
  • Leishman Sir William.
  • Lentigo   noun a small brownish spot (of the pigment melanin) on the skin
  • Leonardo da Vinci   noun Italian painter and sculptor and engineer and scientist and architect; the most versatile genius of the Italian Renaissance (1452 1519)
  • Lepra reaction.
  • Leprominest.
  • Leprosy   noun chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
  • bacterial index.
  • BI   noun a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically); usually recovered as a by product from ores of other metals
  • in   adj. currently fashionable;  directed or bound inward;  holding office;  adv. to or toward the inside of;  noun a state in midwestern United States;  a unit of length equal to one twelfth of a foot;  a rare soft silvery metallic element; occurs in small quantities in sphalerite
  • borderline   adj. of questionable or minimal quality;  noun a line that indicates a boundary
  • causative organism of.
  • classification of.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • histopathology of.
  • immunology of.
  • incidence of.
  • indeterminate   adj. not leading to a definite ending or result;  not capable of being determined;  not precisely determined or established; not fixed or known in advance;  having a capacity for continuing to grow at the apex;  of uncertain or ambiguous nature
  • lepromatous.
  • lepromatous versusuberculoid.
  • multibacillary.
  • nose   noun a front that resembles a human nose (especially the front of an aircraft);  the front or forward projection of a tool or weapon;  the organ of smell and entrance to the respiratory tract; the prominent part of the face of man or other mammals;  a natural skill; the sense of smell (especially in animals);  a symbol of inquisitiveness;  a small distance;  a projecting spout from which a fluid is discharged;  verb defeat by a narrow margin;  push or move with the nose;  advance the forward part of with caution;  rub noses; catch the scent of; get wind of;  search or inquire in a meddlesome way
  • paucibacillary.
  • reactions in.
  • Ridley Jopling classification.
  • Leptocytosis.
  • Leptomeninges   noun the two innermost layers of the meninges; cerebrospinal fluid circulates between these innermost layers
  • Lesions definition of.
  • Lethal midline granuloma.
  • Letterer Siwe disease.
  • Leucocytes in health and disease.
  • Leucocytoclastic vasculitis.
  • Leucocytosis   noun an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection (as in leukemia)
  • Leucodema.
  • Leucoderma.
  • Leucodystrophy progressive multifocal.
  • Leucoerythroblastic reaction.
  • Leukaemias lymphomas.
  • classifcation of.
  • etiology of.
  • general aspects.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • Leukaemia lymphoid.
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • ALL   adj. completely given to or absorbed by;  quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class;  adv. to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly')
  • ALL versus AML.
  • chronic lymphoid.
  • CLL.
  • etiology of.
  • FAB classification of.
  • hairy cell.
  • HCL.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • WHO classification of.
  • Leukaemia myeloid.
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • AML.
  • AML versus ALL.
  • chronic myeloid.
  • CML.
  • classification of AML.
  • etiology of.
  • FAB classification of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • WHO classification of.
  • Leukaemoid reaction.
  • lymphoid   adj. resembling lymph or lymphatic tissues
  • myeloid   adj. of or relating to bone marrow;  of or relating to the spinal cord
  • versus CML.
  • Leukoplakia.
  • Leukotrienes.
  • Lewis experiment.
  • Lewy bodies.
  • Leydig cellumour.
  • Leydig cells.
  • Libman Sack endocarditis.
  • Lichen planus   noun an eruption of shiny flat topped purplish (usually itchy) papules on the wrist and forearms and thighs
  • Lichen sclerosis et atrophicus.
  • Liraumeni syndrome.
  • Ligandin.
  • Line of separation.
  • Lines of Zahn.
  • Linitis plasticaf.
  • Lipid cellumour ovary.
  • Lipiduria.
  • Lipoblast.
  • Lipodystrophy intestinal.
  • Lipofuscin.
  • Lipogranuloma.
  • Lipoid nephrosis.
  • Lipoma   noun a tumor consisting of fatty tissue
  • Lipooxygenase pathway.
  • Lipopolysaccharides.
  • Lipoproteins.
  • HDL   noun a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of a high proportion of protein and relatively little cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with decreased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis
  • LDL   noun a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of moderate amount of protein and a large amount of cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis
  • VLDL   noun large lipoproteins rich in triglycerides; VLDLs circulate through the blood giving up their triglycerides to fat and muscle tissue until the VLDL remnants are modified and converted into LDL
  • Liposarcoma   noun sarcoma of fat cells
  • Liver   adj. having a reddish brown color;  noun large and complicated reddish brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn out erythrocytes;  liver of an animal used as meat;  someone who lives in a place;  a person who has a special life style
  • abscess   noun symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
  • biopsy   noun examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease
  • chemical and drug injury.
  • coagulation disorders.
  • CVC.
  • fatty change.
  • metastasis in.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours andumours like lesions.
  • Liver cell necrosisypes of.
  • bridging.
  • piecemeal   adj. one thing at a time;  adv. a little bit at a time
  • Liverunctionests.
  • Lobar pneumonia   noun pneumonia affecting one or more lobes of the lung; commonly due to streptococcal infection
  • Lobule liver.
  • Lock jaw.
  • L   noun the 12th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints);  a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter
  • effler.
  • s endocarditis.
  • L   noun the 12th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a metric unit of capacity equal to the volume of 1 kilogram of pure water at 4 degrees centigrade and 760 mm of mercury (or approximately 1.76 pints);  a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter
  • effler.
  • s syndrome.
  • Loose bodies joints.
  • Lordosis   noun an abnormal inward (forward) curvature of the vertebral column
  • Ludwig.
  • s angina.
  • Lukes Collins classification.
  • CVC.
  • fungal infections.
  • normal structure of.
  • oedema   noun swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • paediatric disease.
  • shock   noun the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat;  an unpleasant or disappointing surprise;  an instance of agitation of the earth's crust;  a bushy thick mass (especially hair);  a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field;  (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor;  a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body;  a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses;  the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally;  verb subject to electrical shocks;  collect or gather into shocks;  collide violently;  strike with horror or terror;  surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off;  strike with disgust or revulsion;  inflict a trauma upon
  • tuberculosis   noun infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
  • tumours.
  • Lupus erythematosus   noun a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
  • LE   noun a chronic inflammatory collagen disease affecting connective tissue (skin or joints)
  • cell   noun (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;  a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;  a room where a prisoner is kept;  small room is which a monk or nun lives;  any small compartment;  a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;  a hand held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short range transmitter/receiver
  • Lupus nephritis.
  • Lupus vulgaris   noun tuberculosis of the skin; appears first on the face and heals slowly leaving deep scars
  • Lupus nose.
  • Luteal phase defect.
  • Lymph nodes.
  • metastaticumours.
  • structure of.
  • Lymphadenitis reactive.
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • Lymphadenopathy angioimmunoblastic.
  • angiofollicular.
  • dermatopathic.
  • HIV related.
  • Lymphangioma   noun benign angioma consisting of a mass of lymphatic vessels
  • Lymphangiosarcoma.
  • Lymphangitis   noun inflammation of a lymph vessel
  • Lymphatic obstruction.
  • Lymphatic spread ofumours.
  • Lymphatics.
  • Lymphoblast   noun an immature lymphocyte
  • Lymphoblast versus myeloblast.
  • Lymphocytes.
  • atypical   adj. deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal;  not representative of a group, class, or type
  • differences between and B.
  • subpopulations of.
  • Lymphocytosis   noun an abnormal increase in the number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
  • Lymphoedema.
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum   noun infectious disease caused by a species of chlamydia bacterium; transmitted by sexual contact; characterized by genital lesions and swelling of lymph nodes in the groin
  • LGV   noun infectious disease caused by a species of chlamydia bacterium; transmitted by sexual contact; characterized by genital lesions and swelling of lymph nodes in the groin
  • Lymphoid hyperplasia.
  • angiofollicular.
  • follicular   adj. of or relating to or constituting a follicle
  • Lymphoid neoplasms.
  • classifications.
  • general comments.
  • Hodgkin   noun English physiologist who, with Andrew Huxley, discovered the role of potassium and sodium atoms in the transmission of the nerve impulse (born in 1914);  English chemist (born in Egypt) who used crystallography to study the structure of organic compounds (1910 1994);  English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798 1866)
  • s disease.
  • peripheral   adj. on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area;  related to the key issue but not of central importance;  noun (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer
  • mature   adj. fully considered and perfected;  having reached full natural growth or development;  characteristic of maturity;  (of birds) having developed feathers or plumage; often used in combination; fully developed or matured and ready to be eaten or used;  verbdevelop and reach maturity; undergo maturation;  become due for repayment;  develop and work out fully in one's mind;  cause to ripen and discharge pus;  grow old or older;  cause to ripen or develop fully
  • B cell malignancies.
  • peripheral   adj. on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area;  related to the key issue but not of central importance;  noun (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer
  • mature   adj. fully considered and perfected;  having reached full natural growth or development;  characteristic of maturity;  (of birds) having developed feathers or plumage; often used in combination; fully developed or matured and ready to be eaten or used;  verbdevelop and reach maturity; undergo maturation;  become due for repayment;  develop and work out fully in one's mind;  cause to ripen and discharge pus;  grow old or older;  cause to ripen or develop fully
  • cell malignancies.
  • precursor   noun a person who goes before or announces the coming of another;  a substance from which another substance is formed (especially by a metabolic reaction);  an indication of the approach of something or someone
  • immature   adj. lacking in development;  not yet mature; characteristic of a lack of maturity;  (of birds) not yet having developed feathers;  not fully developed or mature; not ripe;  (used of living things especially persons) in an early period of life or development or growth
  • B and cell.
  • leukaemia lymphomas.
  • Lymphoid series.
  • Lymphokines.
  • Lymphomas general.
  • adult cell.
  • ATLL.
  • bowel   noun the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • Burkitt.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • classifications.
  • CNS   noun the portion of the vertebrate nervous system consisting of the brain and spinal cord
  • contrastingeatures of.
  • cutaneous cell.
  • etiology   noun the philosophical study of causation;  the cause of a disease
  • gut   noun a narrow channel or strait;  a strong cord made from the intestines of sheep and used in surgery;  the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus;  verb remove the guts of; empty completely; destroy the inside of
  • Hodgkin   noun English physiologist who, with Andrew Huxley, discovered the role of potassium and sodium atoms in the transmission of the nerve impulse (born in 1914);  English chemist (born in Egypt) who used crystallography to study the structure of organic compounds (1910 1994);  English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798 1866)
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • nasopharynx   noun cavity forming the upper part of the pharynx
  • non Hodgkin.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • NHL.
  • pathogenesis   noun the origination and development of a disease
  • staging of.
  • testis   noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • WHO classification of.
  • Lymphopenia   noun an abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
  • Lymphopoiesis   noun the formation of lymphocytes in the bone marrow and lymph nodes and thymus and spleen
  • Lyon hypothesis.
  • Lysosomal components.
  • Lysosomal storage diseases.
  • Lysosomes.
  • changes in.
  • M   noun the 13th letter of the Roman alphabet;  concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per liter of solution;  the basic unit of length adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites (approximately 1.094 yards)
  • M band.
  • MacCallum.
  • s patch.
  • Macrocytes.
  • Macroglossia   noun a congenital disorder characterized by an abnormally large tongue; often seen in cases of Down's syndrome
  • Macrophage   noun a large phagocyte; some are fixed and other circulate in the blood stream
  • alveolar   adj. pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs;  pertaining to the alveolar ridge;  noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • Macular degeneration retina.
  • Maduraoot.
  • Maffucci.
  • s syndrome.
  • Major histocompatibility complex.
  • Malabsorption syndrome   noun a pattern of symptoms including loss of appetite and bloating and weight loss and muscle pain and steatorrhea; associated with celiac disease and sprue and cystic fibrosis
  • classification of.
  • Malakoplakia.
  • Malaria   noun an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito; marked by paroxysms of chills and fever
  • Malformations.
  • arteriovenous   adj. connecting an artery to a vein
  • Malignant melanoma skin.
  • uveal   adj. of or relating to the uvea of the eye
  • Malignant peripheral nerve.
  • sheathumour.
  • MPNST.
  • Mallasez cells.
  • Mallory hyaline.
  • Mallory Weiss syndrome.
  • Malpighi Marcello.
  • MALT   noun a cereal grain that is kiln dried after having been germinated by soaking in water; used especially in brewing and distilling;  a lager of high alcohol content; by law it is considered too alcoholic to be sold as lager or beer;  a milkshake made with malt powder;  verb convert into malt;  convert grain into malt;  turn into malt, become malt;  treat with malt or malt extract
  • Malt workers.
  • lung   noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • MALToma.
  • small intestine   noun the longest part of the alimentary canal; where digestion is completed
  • stomach   noun an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal; the principal organ of digestion;  an appetite for food;  an inclination or liking for things involving conflict or difficulty or unpleasantness;  the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis;  verb bear to eat;  put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • Mammary duct ectasia.
  • Mammary dysplasia.
  • Mantouxest.
  • Maple bark disease.
  • Mapping human genome.
  • Marasmus   noun extreme malnutrition and emaciation (especially in children); can result from inadequate intake of food or from malabsorption or metabolic disorders
  • Marble bone disease.
  • Marek.
  • s disease virus.
  • Marfan syndrome.
  • Margination.
  • Marjolin.
  • s ulcer.
  • Markers in hepatitis B.
  • Masson Pierre.
  • Mast cells.
  • Mastitis   noun inflammation of a breast (or udder)
  • granulomatous   adj. relating to or characterized by granulomas
  • plasma cell   noun a cell that develops from a B lymphocyte in reaction to a specific antigen; found in bone marrow and sometimes in the blood
  • Masugi.
  • s nephritis.
  • Matrix extracellular.
  • Maturation index.
  • MI   noun the syllable naming the third (mediant) note of any major scale in solmization;  the government agency in the United Kingdom that is responsible for internal security and counterintelligence overseas;  the government agency in the United Kingdom that is responsible for internal security and counterintelligence on British territory;  a midwestern state in north central United States in the Great Lakes region;  a unit of length equal to 1760 yards;  a unit of length used in navigation; equivalent to the distance spanned by one minute of arc in latitude; 1,852 meters;  a British unit of length equivalent to 1,853.18 meters (6,082 feet);  destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
  • M   noun the 13th letter of the Roman alphabet;  concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per liter of solution;  the basic unit of length adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites (approximately 1.094 yards)
  • avium intracellulare.
  • May Grunwald.
  • McArdle.
  • s disease.
  • McClintock Barbara.
  • MCHt.
  • MCHCt.
  • MCVt.
  • Meckel.
  • s diverticulum.
  • Medial calcific sclerosis.
  • Medial necrosis cystic.
  • Erdheim.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Mediators of inflammation.
  • Medullary sponge kidney.
  • Medullary definition of.
  • Medulloblastoma.
  • Megacolon   noun an abnormal enlargement of the colon; can be congenital (as in Hirschsprung's disease) or acquired (as when children refuse to defecate)
  • Megakaryocyte   noun a large bone marrow cell; regarded as the source of blood platelets
  • Megakaryopoiesis.
  • Megaloblasts.
  • Megamitochondria.
  • Meigs.
  • syndrome   noun a complex of concurrent things;  a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
  • Meissner   noun German physicist (1882 1974);  German anatomist (1829 1905)
  • s corpuscle.
  • plexus   noun a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels
  • Melaenat.
  • Melanin   noun insoluble pigments that account for the color of e.g. skin and scales and feathers
  • Melanocyticumours.
  • Melanoma   noun any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
  • oesophagus   noun the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • skin   noun an outer surface (usually thin);  a bag serving as a container for liquids; it is made from the hide of an animal;  a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch;  a person's skin regarded as their life;  the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.g. a fruit);  body covering of a living animal;  the rind of a fruit or vegetable;  verb strip the skin off;  bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of;  remove the bark of a tree;  climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
  • uveal   adj. of or relating to the uvea of the eye
  • versus nevus.
  • versus retinoblastoma.
  • Melanosis coli.
  • Membrane attack complex.
  • Membrane damage cell.
  • Membraneilter.
  • Membranous colitis.
  • Memory cells.
  • MEN syndrome.
  • Mendelian disorders.
  • M   noun the 13th letter of the Roman alphabet;  concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per liter of solution;  the basic unit of length adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites (approximately 1.094 yards)
  • n   noun the 14th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (of a solution) concentration expressed in gram equivalents of solute per liter;  a unit of force equal to the force that imparts an acceleration of 1 m/sec/sec to a mass of 1 kilogram; equal to 100,000 dynes;  the cardinal compass point that is at 0 or 360 degrees;  a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
  • trier   noun one who tries;  one (as a judge) who examines and settles a case
  • s disease.
  • Meningioma   noun a tumor arising in the meninges which surround the brain and spinal cord; usually slow growing and sometimes malignant
  • Meningitis   noun infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea
  • CSF in.
  • Meningocele   noun a congenital anomaly of the central nervous system in which a sac protruding from the brain or the spinal meninges contains cerebrospinal fluid (but no nerve tissue)
  • Meningomyelocele.
  • Mercury chloride nephropathy.
  • Merkel cells.
  • Mesangial cells.
  • Mesonephroidumour ovary.
  • Metachromasia.
  • Metamyelocyte.
  • Metaphysealibrous defect.
  • Metaplasia.
  • cartilaginous   adj. difficult to chew;  of or relating to cartilage
  • bronchusf.
  • cervix   noun necklike opening to the uterus;  the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body
  • columnar   adj. characterized by columns;  having the form of a column
  • epithelial   adj. of or belonging to the epithelium
  • intestinal   adj. of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • mesenchymal.
  • oesophagus   noun the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • osseous   adj. composed of or containing bone
  • squamous.
  • Metastasis   noun the spreading of a disease to another part of the body;  the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life
  • biology of.
  • haematogenous.
  • lymphatic   adj. of or relating to or produced by lymph
  • mechanisms of.
  • prognostic markers in.
  • retrograde   adj. of amnesia; affecting time immediately preceding trauma;  moving from east to west on the celestial sphere; or for planets around the sun in a direction opposite to that of the Earth; going from better to worse;  moving or directed or tending in a backward direction or contrary to a previous direction;  verb go back over;  move back;  move in a direction contrary to the usual one; move backward in an orbit, of celestial bodies;  get worse or fall back to a previous condition
  • routes of.
  • skip   noun a gait in which steps and hops alternate;  a mistake resulting from neglect;  verb bound off one point after another; bypass;  cause to skip over a surface;  jump lightly;  leave suddenly; intentionally fail to attend
  • transcoelomic.
  • Metastatic calcification.
  • Metatypical carcinoma.
  • Michaelis Gutmann bodies.
  • Microalbuminuria.
  • Microangiopathyhrombotic.
  • Microarrays.
  • Microcytes.
  • Microfilaments.
  • Microfilaria.
  • Microglia   noun neuroglial tissue of mesodermal origin that can become phagocytic
  • Microglossia.
  • Microorganisms identification of.
  • MicroRNAs in cancer.
  • Microsatellite instability mechanism.
  • Microscopy   noun research with the use of microscopes
  • basic   adj. of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base; serving as a base or starting point;  pertaining to or constituting a base or basis;  reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality;  noun (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant;  a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use
  • light   adj. characterized by or emitting light;  (used of color) having a relatively small amount of coloring agent;  (of sleep) easily disturbed; demanding little effort; not burdensome;  having relatively few calories;  easily assimilated in the alimentary canal; not rich or heavily seasoned;  of comparatively little physical weight or density; designed for ease of movement or to carry little weight; psychologically light; especially free from sadness or troubles;  not great in degree or quantity or number;  (physics, chemistry) not having atomic weight greater than average;  of little intensity or power or force;  moving easily and quickly; nimble;  of the military or industry; using (or being) relatively small or light arms or equipment; intended primarily as entertainment; not serious or profound;  having little importance;  less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so;  casual and unrestrained in sexual behavior;  (used of soil) loose and large grained in consistency;  (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims;  silly or trivial;  used of vowels or syllables; pronounced with little or no stress;  marked by temperance in indulgence;  very thin and insubstantial;  weak and likely to lose consciousness;  adv. with few burdens;  noun any device serving as a source of illumination;  the visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures;  public awareness;  mental understanding as an enlightening experience;  a particular perspective or aspect of a situation;  a visual warning signal;  an illuminated area;  a person regarded very fondly;  (physics) electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation; having abundant light or illumination;  a condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination;  a device for lighting or igniting fuel or charges or fires;  merriment expressed by a brightness or gleam or animation of countenance;  the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light;  a divine presence believed by Quakers to enlighten and guide the soul;  verb make lighter or brighter;  begin to smoke; get off (a horse);  to come to rest, settle;  fall to somebody by assignment or lot;  cause to start burning; subject to fire or great heat
  • electron   noun an elementary particle with negative charge
  • fluorescent   adj. emitting light during exposure to radiation from an external source;  brilliantly colored and apparently giving off light; noun a lighting fixture that uses a fluorescent lamp
  • Microtubules.
  • Microvilli.
  • Mikulicz syndrome.
  • Miliaria   noun obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
  • Milk spots.
  • Milk alkali syndrome.
  • Milroy.
  • s disease.
  • Minimal change disease.
  • Mitochondrial changes.
  • Mitosis   noun cell division in which the nucleus divides into nuclei containing the same number of chromosomes
  • Mitotic counts.
  • Mitoticigures.
  • Mitral stenosis and insufficiency.
  • Mitral valve prolapse   noun cardiopathy resulting from the mitral valve not regulating the flow of blood between the left atrium and left ventricle of the heart
  • Mitsuda reaction.
  • Mixed salivaryumour.
  • malignant   adj. dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
  • MMTV.
  • Mole hydatidiform.
  • Molecular genetics cancer.
  • Molecular pathology.
  • Molluscum contagiosum   noun a virus disease of the skin marked by round white swellings; transmitted from person to person (most often in children or in adults with impaired immune function)
  • M   noun the 13th letter of the Roman alphabet;  concentration measured by the number of moles of solute per liter of solution;  the basic unit of length adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites (approximately 1.094 yards)
  • nckeberg.
  • s arteriosclerosis.
  • Moniliasis   noun an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
  • Monoblast   noun a large immature monocyte normally found in bone marrow
  • Monoclonal gammopathy.
  • of undetermined significance.
  • MGUS.
  • Monoclonal hypothesis.
  • Monoclonality ofumours.
  • Monocyte macrophage series.
  • Monocytes.
  • Monocytosis   noun increase in the number of monocytes in the blood; symptom of monocytic leukemia
  • Monokines.
  • Mononuclear phagocyte system   noun a widely distributed system of free and fixed macrophages derived from bone marrow
  • Mononucleosis cells.
  • Monosomy   noun chromosomal abnormality consisting of the absence of one chromosome from the normal diploid number
  • Morphometry.
  • Morgagni Giovanni.
  • Mostofi classification.
  • M protein.
  • Mucinousumours of ovary.
  • Mucocele.
  • appendix   noun a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch;  supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
  • gallbladder   noun a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion
  • oral cavity   noun the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge
  • sinus   noun any of various air filled cavities especially in the bones of the skull;  a wide channel containing blood; does not have the coating of an ordinary blood vessel;  an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface
  • Mucocutaneous syndrome lymph node.
  • Mucoepidermoid carcinoma.
  • Mucoid degeneration.
  • Mucopolysaccharidoses.
  • Mucormycosis.
  • Mucoviscidosis   noun the most common congenital disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene; there is no cure
  • Multifactorial inheritance.
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasia.
  • isseminated.
  • sclerosis   noun any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
  • Mumps   noun an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
  • Munro abscess.
  • Muramidase serum.
  • Muscle skeletal diseases of.
  • Muscular dystrophies.
  • Mushroom workers.
  • lung   noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • Mutagenesis   noun an event capable of causing a mutation
  • Mutations.
  • Mutator gene.
  • Myasthenia gravis   noun a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions
  • Mycetoma.
  • Mycobacteria atypical.
  • Mycobacteriosis.
  • Mycobacterium   noun rod shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
  • avium intracellulare.
  • Mycobacterium leprae   noun cause of leprosy
  • Mycobacteriumuberculosis.
  • Mycosides.
  • Mycosisungoides.
  • Mycosis superficial.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Mycotoxin   noun a toxin produced by a fungus
  • MYC gene.
  • Myelinigures.
  • Myeloblast   noun a precursor of leukocytes that normally occurs only in bone marrow
  • Myeloblast versus lymphoblast.
  • Myelocele.
  • Myelocyte   noun an immature leukocyte normally found in bone marrow
  • Myelodysplastic syndrome.
  • MDS.
  • FAB classification of.
  • WHO classification.
  • Myelofibrosis   noun fibrosis of the bone marrow
  • Chronic idiopathic.
  • Myelogram   noun X ray film of the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots and subarachnoid space
  • Myeloid metaplasia.
  • Myeloid neoplasms.
  • acute myeloid leukamia.
  • chronic idiopathic myelofibrosis.
  • chronic myeloid leukaemia.
  • essentialhrombocytosis.
  • myelodysplastic syndromes.
  • polycythaemia vera.
  • Myeloid series.
  • Myelolipoma.
  • Myeloma   noun a tumor of the bone marrow (usually malignant) composed of cells normally found in bone marrow
  • kidney   noun either of two bean shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • multiple   adj. having or involving or consisting of more than one part or entity or individual;  noun the product of a quantity by an integer
  • neuropathy   noun any pathology of the peripheral nerves
  • Myeloma cells.
  • Myeloproliferative disorders.
  • Myoblastoma granular cell.
  • Myocardial blood supply.
  • Myocardial depressantactor.
  • MDF.
  • Myocardial infarction   noun destruction of heart tissue resulting from obstruction of the blood supply to the heart muscle
  • changes in early.
  • chemical and histochemical.
  • changes in.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • complications of.
  • CK in.
  • diagnosis of.
  • ECG changes in.
  • electron microscopic changes in.
  • enzyme determination in.
  • etiopathogenesis of.
  • gross changes in.
  • incidence of.
  • LDH in.
  • location of.
  • myoglobin in.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • serum cardiac markers in.
  • transmural versus subendocardial.
  • troponins in.
  • types of.
  • Myocardial ischaemia non infarct effects of.
  • f   noun the 6th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the capacitance of a capacitor that has an equal and opposite charge of 1 coulomb on each plate and a voltage difference of 1 volt between the plates;  a degree on the Fahrenheit scale of temperature;  a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • Myocarditis   noun inflammation of the myocardium (the muscular tissue of the heart)
  • classification of.
  • Fiedler   noun popular United States conductor (1894 1979)
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • granulomatous   adj. relating to or characterized by granulomas
  • idiopathic   adj. (of diseases) arising from an unknown cause
  • in connectiveissue diseases.
  • miscellaneousypes of.
  • rheumatic   adj. of or pertaining to arthritis;  noun a person suffering with rheumatism
  • Myofibroblast.
  • Myoglobin   noun a hemoprotein that receives oxygen from hemoglobin and stores it in the tissues until needed
  • Myometritis   noun inflammation of the myometrium
  • Myometrium   noun the smooth muscle forming the wall of the uterus
  • normal structure of.
  • Myopathies.
  • Myositis ossificans.
  • Myxoedema   noun hypothyroidism marked by dry skin and swellings around lips and nose as well as mental deterioration
  • Myxoma heart.
  • Myxoma odontogenic.
  • Myxomatosis   noun a viral disease (usually fatal) of rabbits
  • Myxomatous degeneration of cardiac valves.
  • N   noun the 14th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (of a solution) concentration expressed in gram equivalents of solute per liter;  a unit of force equal to the force that imparts an acceleration of 1 m/sec/sec to a mass of 1 kilogram; equal to 100,000 dynes;  the cardinal compass point that is at 0 or 360 degrees;  a common nonmetallic element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless inert diatomic gas; constitutes 78 percent of the atmosphere by volume; a constituent of all living tissues
  • Naevi naevocellular.
  • Naevus sebaceus.
  • Nail patella syndrome.
  • Nasopharyngeal carcinoma anaplastic.
  • Natural killer.
  • NK.
  • cells.
  • Neck   noun an opening in a garment for the neck of the wearer; a part of the garment near the wearer's neck;  the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body;  a cut of meat from the neck of an animal;  a narrow elongated projecting strip of land;  verbkiss, embrace, or fondle with sexual passion
  • cysts of.
  • tumours in.
  • Necrosis   noun the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)
  • avascular bone.
  • bridging.
  • caseous   adj. of damaged or necrotic tissue; cheeselike
  • centrilobular haemorrhagic.
  • coagulative.
  • colliquative.
  • cortical renal.
  • fat   adj. a chubby body;  having much flesh (especially fat);  marked by great fruitfulness;  lucrative;  having a relatively large diameter; containing or composed of fat;  noun a soft greasy substance occurring in organic tissue and consisting of a mixture of lipids (mostly triglycerides);  excess bodily weight;  a kind of body tissue containing stored fat that serves as a source of energy; it also cushions and insulates vital organs;  verb make fat or plump
  • fibrinoid.
  • liquefactive.
  • liver cells.
  • massive   adj. consisting of great mass; containing a great quantity of matter;  imposing in size or bulk or solidity;  imposing in scale or scope or degree or power;  being the same substance throughout
  • piecemeal   adj. one thing at a time;  adv. a little bit at a time
  • submassive.
  • types of.
  • versus apoptosis.
  • Necrotising enterocolitis.
  • Necrotising papillitis.
  • Negri bodies.
  • Neonatal hepatitis.
  • Neoplasia   noun the pathological process that results in the formation and growth of a tumor
  • also see underumours.
  • characteristics of.
  • classification of.
  • clinical aspects of.
  • definition of.
  • diagnosis of.
  • epidemiology of.
  • etiology of.
  • intraepithelial.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • Neoplastic cells.
  • Neovascularisation.
  • Nephritic syndrome.
  • versus nephrotic syndrome.
  • Nephritic versus nephrotic oedema.
  • Nephritis hereditary.
  • Nephritisubulointerstitial.
  • Nephroblastoma   noun malignant renal tumor of young children characterized by hypertension and blood in the urine and the presence of a palpable mass
  • Nephrocalcinosis   noun renal lithiasis in which calcium deposits form in the renal parenchyma and result in reduced kidney function and blood in the urine
  • Nephrolithiasis   noun the presence of kidney stones (calculi) in the kidney
  • Nephroma mesoblastic.
  • Nephron structure of.
  • Nephronophthiasis medullary.
  • cystic kidney disease.
  • complex   adj. complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts;  noun a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts;  (psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior;  a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated;  a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
  • Nephropathy   noun a disease affecting the kidneys
  • analgesic   adj. capable of relieving pain;  noun a medicine used to relieve pain
  • phenacetin abuse.
  • diabetic   adj. suffering from diabetes;  of or relating to or causing diabetes;  noun someone who has diabetes
  • IgA   noun one of the most common of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; the chief antibody in the membranes of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts
  • lupus   noun a constellation in the southern hemisphere near Centaurus;  any of several forms of ulcerative skin disease
  • mercuric chloride   noun a white poisonous soluble crystalline sublimate of mercury; used as a pesticide or antiseptic or wood preservative
  • myeloma   noun a tumor of the bone marrow (usually malignant) composed of cells normally found in bone marrow
  • reflux   noun an abnormal backward flow of body fluids;  the outward flow of the tide
  • Nephrosclerosis   noun kidney disease that is usually associated with hypertension; sclerosis of the renal arterioles reduces blood flow that can lead to kidney failure and heart failure
  • benign   adj. pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence; kindness of disposition or manner;  not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
  • malignant   adj. dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
  • Nephrotic syndrome   noun a syndrome characterized by edema and large amounts of protein in the urine and usually increased blood cholesterol; usually associated with glomerulonephritis or with a complication of various systemic diseases
  • versus nephritic syndrome.
  • Nerve sheathumours.
  • Nervous system   noun the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
  • central   adj. in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area;  centrally located and easy to reach;  used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place;  serving as an essential component;  noun a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • healing of.
  • normal structure of.
  • peripheral   adj. on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area;  related to the key issue but not of central importance;  noun (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer
  • Neurilemmoma.
  • versus neurofibroma.
  • Neuroblastoma   noun malignant tumor containing embryonic nerve cells; usually metastasizes quickly
  • Neuroendocrine system.
  • Neurofibrillaryangles.
  • Neurofibroma   noun tumor of the fibrous covering of a peripheral nerve
  • plexiform.
  • versus schwannoma.
  • Neurofibromatosis   noun autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous neurofibromas and by spots on the skin and often by developmental abnormalities
  • Neurofibrosarcoma.
  • Neurofilaments.
  • Neuroglia   noun sustentacular tissue that surrounds and supports neurons in the central nervous system; glial and neural cells together compose the tissue of the central nervous system
  • Neurohypophysis   noun the posterior lobe of the pituitary body; primarily glandular in nature
  • Neuronophagia.
  • Neuroma acoustic.
  • traumatic   adj. psychologically painful; "few experiences are more traumatic than losing a child";  of or relating to a physical injury or wound to the body
  • Neuromuscular diseases.
  • Neuropathy peripheral.
  • Neuropeptide.
  • Neuropil.
  • Neurosyphilis   noun syphilis of the central nervous system
  • Neutropenia   noun leukopenia in which the decrease is primarily in number of neutrophils (the chief phagocytic leukocyte)
  • Neutrophil alkaline phosphatase.
  • NAP   noun sleeping for a short period of time (usually not in bed);  a soft or fuzzy surface texture;  a card game similar to whist; usually played for stakes;  the yarn (as in a rug or velvet or corduroy) that stands up from the weave;  a period of time spent sleeping;  verb take a siesta
  • Neutrophilia.
  • Neutrophils.
  • toxic granules in.
  • vacuoles in.
  • Nexus   noun a connected series or group;  the means of connection between things linked in series
  • Niacin   noun a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
  • Niemann Pick disease.
  • Nissl substance.
  • Nitric oxide mechanism.
  • Nitrosamines.
  • NK cells.
  • Nodularascitis.
  • Nodule vocal.
  • Noma   noun acute ulceration of the mucous membranes of the mouth or genitals; often seen in undernourished children
  • Non Hodgkin.
  • s lymphomas.
  • NHL.
  • adult cell.
  • ATLL.
  • anaplastic large cell.
  • ALCL.
  • Burkittype.
  • CD markers in.
  • classification of.
  • etiology of.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • extranodal.
  • follicular   adj. of or relating to or constituting a follicle
  • maltoma.
  • marginal zone.
  • mycosisungoides.
  • mantle cell.
  • mature B cellype.
  • mature cellype.
  • monocytoid.
  • periperal B cellype.
  • peripheral cellype.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • precursor B and cellype.
  • splenic margina.
  • l zone.
  • SLL.
  • CLL.
  • staging of.
  • versus Hodgkin.
  • s disease.
  • workingormulationsor clinical usage.
  • WHO classification.
  • Noncirrhotic portalibrosis.
  • Nondisjunction   noun meiosis in which there is a failure of paired homologous chromosomes to separate; results in an abnormal number of chromosomes in the daughter cells
  • Nonossifyingibroma.
  • Normal values.
  • in clinical chemistry.
  • in haematology.
  • other bodyluids.
  • weights and measurements of organs.
  • Normoblastaemia.
  • Normoblasts.
  • Nose and paranasal sinuses.
  • carcinoma of.
  • inflammatory conditions of.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Notochord   noun a flexible rodlike structure that forms the supporting axis of the body in the lowest chordates and lowest vertebrates and in embryos of higher vertebrates
  • Nucleocytoplasmic ratio.
  • Nucleolar organiser regions.
  • NORs.
  • Nucleolus   noun a small round body of protein in a cell nucleus; such organelles contain RNA and are involved in protein synthesis
  • Nucleotides.
  • Nucleus structure of.
  • Nutmeg liver.
  • Nutritional diseases.
  • of brain.
  • O   noun the blood group whose red cells carry neither the A nor B antigens;  the 15th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • Oat cell carcinoma lung.
  • Obesity   noun more than average fatness
  • Occupational lung diseases.
  • also see under Pneumoconiosis.
  • Ochronosis   noun an accumulation of dark pigment in cartilage and other connective tissue; usually a symptom of alkaptonuria or phenol poisoning
  • Odontogenicumours.
  • Odontomas.
  • Oedema   noun swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • angioneurotic.
  • cardiac   adj. of or relating to the heart
  • cerebral   adj. involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • definition andypes of.
  • dependent   adj. addicted to a drug;  contingent on something else; not independent;  (of a clause) unable to stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence;  being under the power or sovereignty of another or others;  supported from above;  noun a person who relies on another person for support (especially financial support)
  • hepatic   adj. pertaining to or affecting the liver;  noun any of numerous small green nonvascular plants of the class Hepaticopsida growing in wet places and resembling green seaweeds or leafy mosses
  • high altitude   adj. occurring at or from a relative high altitude
  • inflammatory   adj. characterized or caused by inflammation; arousing to action or rebellion
  • morphology of.
  • nephritic   adj. of or relating to the kidneys;  affected by nephritis
  • nephrotic.
  • nephritic versus nephritic.
  • pathogenesis of.
  • pitting versus non pitting.
  • postural   adj. of or relating to or involving posture
  • pulmonary   adj. relating to or affecting the lungs
  • nutritional   adj. of or relating to or providing nutrition
  • renal   adj. of or relating to the kidneys
  • Oesophagitis   noun inflammation of the esophagus; often caused by gastroesophageal reflux
  • Barrett.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • infective   adj. able to cause disease;  caused by infection or capable of causing infection
  • reflux   noun an abnormal backward flow of body fluids;  the outward flow of the tide
  • peptic   adj. relating to or promoting digestion
  • Oesophagus   noun the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • atresia of.
  • cancer   noun type genus of the family Cancridae;  the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22;  a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini;  (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer;  any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • congenital anomalies of.
  • diverticula of.
  • muscular dysfunctions of.
  • normal structure of.
  • rings of.
  • rupture of.
  • tumours of.
  • varices.
  • webs of.
  • Oestrogen   noun a general term for female steroid sex hormones that are secreted by the ovary and responsible for typical female sexual characteristics
  • Oligodendrocytes.
  • Oligodendroglioma.
  • Oliguriaf.
  • Ollier.
  • s disease.
  • Omega atty acids.
  • Oncocytoma.
  • Oncofoetal antigens.
  • Oncogenes.
  • versus anti oncogenes.
  • Oncogenesis.
  • also see under Carcinogenesis.
  • Oncogenic viruses.
  • DNA   noun (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information
  • RNA   noun (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell
  • Oncology   noun the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of tumors
  • Oncomirs in cancer.
  • Oncotic pressure.
  • Ontogenesis   noun (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • Opportunistic infections.
  • Opsonins.
  • Opsonisation   noun process whereby opsonins make an invading microorganism more susceptible to phagocytosis
  • Oral softissues.
  • developmental anomalies of.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • white lesions of.
  • Orchitis   noun inflammation of one or both testes; characterized by pain and swelling
  • granulomatous   adj. relating to or characterized by granulomas
  • tuberculous   adj. constituting or afflicted with or caused by tuberculosis or the tubercle bacillus
  • Organelles.
  • Organoid pattern.
  • Ormond.
  • s disease.
  • Osler.
  • s nodes.
  • Osler Weber Rendu disease.
  • Osmolality.
  • Osmolarity.
  • Osmoticragility.
  • Osmotic pressure   noun (physical chemistry) the pressure exerted by a solution necessary to prevent osmosis into that solution when it is separated from the pure solvent by a semipermeable membrane
  • colloid   noun a mixture with properties between those of a solution and fine suspension
  • crystalloid.
  • Ossification   noun hardened conventionality;  the developmental process of bone formation;  the process of becoming rigidly fixed in a conventional pattern of thought or behavior;  the calcification of soft tissue into a bonelike material
  • Osteitis deformans   noun a disease of bone occurring in the middle aged and elderly; excessive bone destruction sometimes leading to bone pain and fractures and skeletal deformities
  • Osteitisibrosa cystica.
  • Osteoarthritis   noun chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
  • Osteoblast   noun a cell from which bone develops
  • Osteoblasticumours.
  • Osteoblastoma   noun benign tumor of bone and fibrous tissue; occurs in the vertebrae or femur or tibia or arm bones (especially in young adults)
  • Osteochondroma   noun benign tumor containing both bone and cartilage; usually occurs near the end of a long bone
  • Osteoclastoma.
  • Osteocyte   noun mature bone cell
  • Osteodystrophy renal.
  • Osteogenesis.
  • Osteogenesis imperfecta   noun autosomal dominant disorder of connective tissue characterized by brittle bones that fracture easily
  • Osteoid osteoma.
  • Osteoma   noun a slow growing benign tumor of consisting of bone tissue; usually on the skull or mandible
  • Osteomalacia   noun abnormal softening of bones caused by deficiencies of phosphorus or calcium or vitamin D
  • Osteomyelitis   noun an inflammation of bone and bone marrow (usually caused by bacterial infection)
  • pyogenic   adj. producing pus
  • tuberculous   adj. constituting or afflicted with or caused by tuberculosis or the tubercle bacillus
  • Osteonecrosis.
  • Osteopetrosis   noun an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density; in severe forms the bone marrow cavity may be obliterated
  • Osteophytes.
  • Osteoporosis   noun abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
  • Osteosarcoma   noun malignant bone tumor; most common in children and young adults where it tends to affect the femur
  • central   adj. in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area;  centrally located and easy to reach;  used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place;  serving as an essential component;  noun a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • central versus surface.
  • juxtacortical.
  • medullary   adj. of or relating to the medulla of any body part;  of or relating to the medulla oblongata;  containing or consisting of or resembling bone marrow
  • surface   adj. on the surface;  involving a surface only;  noun the outer boundary of an artifact or a material layer constituting or resembling such a boundary;  a superficial aspect as opposed to the real nature of something;  the extended two dimensional outer boundary of a three dimensional object;  the outermost level of the land or sea;  a device that provides reactive force when in motion relative to the surrounding air; can lift or control a plane in flight; information that has become public;  verb come to the surface; appear or become visible; make a showing;  put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface
  • periosteal.
  • parosteal.
  • telangiectatic.
  • Otitis media   noun inflammation of the middle ear; common in children
  • Otic polyp.
  • Otosclerosis   noun hereditary disorder in which ossification of the labyrinth of the inner ear causes tinnitus and eventual deafness
  • Ovalocytosis.
  • Ovarianumours.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • classification of.
  • etiopathogenesis of.
  • germ cells.
  • metastatic   adj. relating to or affected by metastasis
  • miscellaneous   adj. constituting a grab bag category;  consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity)
  • sex cord stromal.
  • staging of.
  • surface epithelial.
  • Ovary   noun (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone;  the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • non neoplastic cysts of.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Overhydration.
  • Overinflation lung.
  • Oxygen dissociation.
  • Oxygen derived radicals.
  • Ozone   noun a colorless gas (O3) soluble in alkalis and cold water; a strong oxidizing agent; can be produced by electric discharge in oxygen or by the action of ultraviolet radiation on oxygen in the stratosphere (where it acts as a screen for ultraviolet radiation)
  • P   noun the 16th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms
  • Paan in oral cancer.
  • Pacinian corpuscles.
  • P component.
  • Paediatric diseases.
  • Paediatric lung disease.
  • Paediatricumours.
  • Paget   noun English pathologist who discovered the cause of trichinosis (1814 1899)
  • s disease.
  • of bone.
  • of nipple.
  • of vulva.
  • Pancarditis rheumatic.
  • Pancoast.
  • s syndrome.
  • Pancreas   noun a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes pancreatic juice and insulin
  • carcinoma   noun any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
  • cysticibrosis of.
  • endocrine   adj. of or belonging to endocrine glands or their secretions;  noun any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream;  the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • exocrine   adj. of or relating to exocrine glands or their secretions; noun a gland that secretes externally through a duct
  • fat necrosis of.
  • heterotopia.
  • normal structure of.
  • pseudocyst of.
  • Pancreatitis   noun inflammation of the pancreas; usually marked by abdominal pain
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • Pancytopenia   noun an abnormal deficiency in all blood cells (red blood cells and white blood cells and platelets); usually associated with bone marrow tumor or with aplastic anemia
  • Panhypopituitarism.
  • Panniculitis.
  • Pannusormation.
  • Papanicolaou George.
  • Papanicolaou.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Pap   noun worthless or oversimplified ideas;  the small projection of a mammary gland;  a diet that does not require chewing; advised for those with intestinal disorders
  • smear   noun a thin tissue or blood sample spread on a glass slide and stained for cytologic examination and diagnosis under a microscope;  slanderous defamation;  an act that brings discredit to the person who does it;  a blemish made by dirt;  verb make a smudge on; soil by smudging;  stain by smearing or daubing with a dirty substance;  charge falsely or with malicious intent; attack the good name and reputation of someone;  cover (a surface) by smearing (a substance) over it
  • stain   noun a soiled or discolored appearance;  (microscopy) a dye or other coloring material that is used in microscopy to make structures visible;  an act that brings discredit to the person who does it;  a symbol of disgrace or infamy;  the state of being covered with unclean things;  verb color for microscopic study;  color with a liquid dye or tint;  produce or leave stains;  make dirty or spotty, as by exposure to air; also used metaphorically
  • Papillitis necrotising.
  • papillary   adj. of or relating to or resembling papilla
  • necrosis   noun the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)
  • Papilloedema.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Papilloma   noun a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
  • breast intraductal.
  • choroid plexus   noun a vascular plexus of the cerebral ventricles that regulate intraventricular pressure
  • juvenile   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people;  displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity;  noun a youthful person
  • larynx   noun a cartilaginous structure at the top of the trachea; contains elastic vocal cords that are the source of the vocal tone in speech
  • mouth   noun the opening of a jar or bottle;  the externally visible part of the oral cavity on the face and the system of organs surrounding the opening;  the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge;  the point where a stream issues into a larger body of water;  an opening that resembles a mouth (as of a cave or a gorge);  a person conceived as a consumer of food;  an impudent or insolent rejoinder;  a spokesperson (as a lawyer);  verbarticulate silently; form words with the lips only;  touch with the mouth;  express in speech
  • nose and paranasal sinuses.
  • Papilloma viruses.
  • Papillomatosislorid.
  • Papovaviruses.
  • Pappenheimer bodies.
  • Paradoxical embolus.
  • Paraganglioma extra adrenal.
  • Parakeratosis.
  • Paranasal sinuses.
  • Paraneoplastic syndrome.
  • PNS.
  • Paraphimosis.
  • Paraproteinaemias.
  • Parasitic diseases.
  • Parasitism   noun the relation between two different kinds of organisms in which one receives benefits from the other by causing damage to it (usually not fatal damage)
  • Parathormone   noun hormone synthesized and released into the blood stream by the parathyroid glands; regulates phosphorus and calcium in the body and functions in neuromuscular excitation and blood clotting
  • Parathyroid gland   noun any one of four endocrine glands situated above or within the thyroid gland
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Parkinsonism   noun a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  • Paronychia   noun low growing annual or perennial herbs or woody plants; whitlowworts;  infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe
  • Paroxysmal cold haemoglobinuria.
  • PCH.
  • Paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria.
  • PNH.
  • Partialhromboplastinime with kaolin.
  • PTTK.
  • Pasteur Louis.
  • Patent ductus arteriosus   noun a ductus arteriosus that failed to close at birth; may require surgical correction
  • PDA   noun a lightweight consumer electronic device that looks like a hand held computer but instead performs specific tasks; can serve as a diary or a personal database or a telephone or an alarm clock etc.
  • Patentruncus arteriosus.
  • Pathology definition of.
  • evolution of.
  • history of.
  • subdivisions of.
  • Paul Bunnelest.
  • Pavementing.
  • Pelger Huet anomaly.
  • Pellagra   noun a disease caused by deficiency of niacin or tryptophan (or by a defect in the metabolic conversion of tryptophan to niacin); characterized by gastrointestinal disturbances and erythema and nervous or mental disorders; may be caused by malnutrition or alcoholism or other nutritional impairments
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease   noun inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms (chiefly gonococci and chlamydia); symptoms are abdominal pain and fever and foul smelling vaginal discharge
  • PID   noun inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms (chiefly gonococci and chlamydia); symptoms are abdominal pain and fever and foul smelling vaginal discharge
  • Pelvis kidney.
  • tumours of.
  • Pelviureteric junction.
  • PUJ.
  • obstruction   noun getting in someone's way;  the act of obstructing; any structure that makes progress difficult;  the state or condition of being obstructed;  something immaterial that stands in the way and must be circumvented or surmounted
  • Pemphigoid.
  • Pemphigus   noun a skin disease characterized by large thin walled blisters (bullae) arising from normal skin or mucous membrane
  • Penis   noun the male organ of copulation (`member' is a euphemism)
  • carcinoma of.
  • normal structure of.
  • Pepsin   noun an enzyme produced in the stomach that splits proteins into peptones
  • Peptic ulcer   noun an ulcer of the mucous membrane lining of the alimentary tract
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • stress   noun the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch);  (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body;  difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension;  special emphasis attached to something; (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense;  verbput stress on; utter with an accent;  to stress, single out as important; test the limits of
  • benign versus malignant.
  • chronic duodenal versus gastric.
  • duodenal   adj. in or relating to the duodenum
  • gastric   adj. relating to or involving the stomach
  • Pericardialluid accumulations.
  • Pericardial plaques.
  • Pericarditis   noun inflammation of the pericardium
  • Periodontal disease   noun a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
  • Periodontalissue.
  • normal structure of.
  • Peritoneal bands and adhesions.
  • Peritoneum   noun a transparent membrane that lines the abdominal cavity in mammals and covers most of the viscera
  • tumors.
  • Peritonitis   noun inflammation of the peritoneum
  • Permeabilityactors.
  • Permeability vascular.
  • Pertussis   noun a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
  • Petechiae.
  • Peutz Jeghers syndrome.
  • Peyronie.
  • s disease.
  • p gene.
  • pH of blood abnormalities of.
  • Phagocytes.
  • Phagocytosis   noun process in which phagocytes engulf and digest microorganisms and cellular debris; an important defense against infection
  • Phagolysosome.
  • Phagosome.
  • Pharynx   noun the passage to the stomach and lungs; in the front part of the neck below the chin and above the collarbone
  • Phase reactant proteins.
  • Pheochromocytoma   noun a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland; hypersecretion of epinephrine results in intermittent or sustained hypertension
  • Philadelphia chromosomef.
  • Phimosis and paraphimosis.
  • Phlegmasia.
  • Phocomelia   noun an abnormality of development in which the upper part of an arm or leg is missing so the hands or feet are attached to the body like stumps; rare condition that results from taking thalidomide during pregnancy
  • Phosphatidylserine.
  • Phthisis bulbi.
  • Phyllodesumour.
  • Physaliphorous cells.
  • Physical carcinogenesis.
  • Physical injury.
  • Pica   noun magpies;  eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency;  a linear unit (1/6 inch) used in printing
  • Pickwickian syndrome.
  • Pigmented villonodular synovitis.
  • Pigments.
  • malarial   adj. of or infected by or resembling malaria
  • wear andear.
  • Piles   noun a large number or amount;  pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter
  • Pilomatricoma.
  • Pinguecula   noun a slightly elevated elastic tissue deposit in the conjunctiva that may extend to the cornea but does not cover it
  • Pinocytosis   noun process by which certain cells can engulf and incorporate droplets of fluid
  • Pituitary gland   noun the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Placenta   noun the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus;  that part of the ovary of a flowering plant where the ovules form
  • normal structure of.
  • Plague   noun an annoyance;  any large scale calamity (especially when thought to be sent by God);  any epidemic disease with a high death rate;  a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal;  a swarm of insects that attack plants;  verb annoy continually or chronically;  cause to suffer a blight
  • Plaque bacterial.
  • Plaque pericardial.
  • Plaques atheromatous.
  • Plasma cell   noun a cell that develops from a B lymphocyte in reaction to a specific antigen; found in bone marrow and sometimes in the blood
  • granuloma   noun a tumor composed of granulation tissue resulting from injury or inflammation or infection
  • Plasma cells disorders of.
  • Plasmacytoma localised.
  • Plasmacytosis reactive.
  • Plasminf.
  • Platelet   noun tiny bits of protoplasm found in vertebrate blood; essential for blood clotting
  • activatingactor.
  • PAF.
  • adhesion   noun a fibrous band of scar tissue that binds together normally separate anatomical structures;  abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen;  faithful support for a religion or cause or political party;  the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • aggregation   noun the act of gathering something together;  several things grouped together or considered as a whole
  • release reaction.
  • testsor.
  • Pleomorphic adenoma salivary gland.
  • Pleomorphism   noun (biology) the appearance of two or more distinctly different forms in the life cycle of some organisms; (chemistry) the existence of different kinds of crystal of the same chemical compound
  • Pleura   noun the thin serous membrane around the lungs and inner walls of the chest
  • tumours of.
  • Pleuritis.
  • pleurisy   noun inflammation of the pleura of the lungs (especially the parietal layer)
  • Plummer Vinson syndrome.
  • asbestos disease.
  • berylliosis.
  • Caplan.
  • classification of.
  • coal workers.
  • rheumatoid   adj. of or pertaining to arthritis
  • silicosis   noun a lung disease caused by inhaling particles of silica or quartz or slate
  • Pneumocytes.
  • Pneumonia   noun respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
  • aspiration   noun a will to succeed;  a manner of articulation involving an audible release of breath;  the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing;  a cherished desire
  • atypical   adj. deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal;  not representative of a group, class, or type
  • bacterial   adj. relating to or caused by bacteria
  • broncho   noun an unbroken or imperfectly broken mustang
  • lobular   adj. of or relating to or resembling a lobule
  • caseous   adj. of damaged or necrotic tissue; cheeselike
  • classification of.
  • hypostatic.
  • Legionella   noun the motile aerobic rod shaped Gram negative bacterium that thrives in central heating and air conditioning systems and can cause Legionnaires' disease
  • lipid   noun an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
  • lobar   adj. of or relating to or affecting a lobe
  • lobar versus bronchopneumonia.
  • lobular   adj. of or relating to or resembling a lobule
  • pathogenesis of.
  • Pneumocystis carinii.
  • primary atypical.
  • viral and mycoplasmal.
  • Pneumonitis   noun inflammation of the lungs; caused by a virus or an allergic reaction
  • allergic   adj. having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor);  characterized by or caused by allergy
  • hypersensitivity   noun extreme sensitivity;  pathological sensitivity
  • interstitial   adj. of or relating to interstices
  • rheumatic   adj. of or pertaining to arthritis;  noun a person suffering with rheumatism
  • Pneumothorax   noun abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced (as a treatment for tuberculosis)
  • Podocytes.
  • Poikilocytosis.
  • Poisoning   noun the act of giving poison to a person or animal with the intent to kill;  the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
  • aluminium phosphide.
  • carbon monoxide   noun an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon
  • cyanide   noun an extremely poisonous salt of hydrocyanic acid; any of a class of organic compounds containing the cyano radical CN
  • lead   noun the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge;  a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead');  mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil;  thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing;  an advantage held by a competitor in a race; evidence pointing to a possible solution;  the introductory section of a story;  a news story of major importance;  (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base; (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning;  the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile);  a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey;  a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire;  restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal;  the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal combustion engine;  an indication of potential opportunity;  an actor who plays a principal role;  verb cause to undertake a certain action;  travel in front of; go in advance of others; take somebody somewhere;  tend to or result in;  be ahead of others; be the first;  pass or spend;  preside over;  lead, as in the performance of a composition;  move ahead (of others) in time or space;  be in charge of;  be conducive to;  have as a result or residue;  stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point;  lead, extend, or afford access; cause something to pass or lead somewhere
  • mercuric chloride   noun a white poisonous soluble crystalline sublimate of mercury; used as a pesticide or antiseptic or wood preservative
  • organophosphate   noun an insecticide that interferes with an insect's nervous system
  • Pollutants.
  • Polyarteritis nodosa   noun a progressive disease of connective tissue that is characterized by nodules along arteries; nodules may block the artery and result in inadequate circulation to the particular area
  • PAN   noun chimpanzees; more closely related to Australopithecus than to other pongids;  shallow container made of metal;  cooking utensil consisting of a wide metal vessel;  (Greek mythology) god of fields and woods and shepherds and flocks; represented as a man with goat's legs and horns and ears; identified with Roman Sylvanus or Faunus;  verb express a totally negative opinion of;  wash dirt in a pan to separate out the precious minerals;  make a sweeping movement
  • Polyarthritis.
  • migratory   adj. used of animals that move seasonally;  habitually moving from place to place especially in search of seasonal work
  • Polychondritis relapsing.
  • Polychromasia.
  • Polyclonal.
  • Polycystic kidney disease   noun kidney disease characterized by enlarged kidneys containing many cysts; often leads to kidney failure
  • adult   adj. (of animals) fully developed;  noun any mature animal;  a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • infantile   adj. being or befitting or characteristic of an infant;  of or relating to infants or infancy;  indicating a lack of maturity
  • Polycystic ovary disease.
  • Polycythaemia vera.
  • Polyembryomat.
  • Polyglandular autoimmune syndromes.
  • Polymerase chain reaction.
  • PCR.
  • Polymorphonuclear neutrophils.
  • PMN.
  • Polymyositis dermatomyositis.
  • Polyol mechanism in diabetes.
  • Polyoma virus   noun a virus the can initiate various kinds of tumors in mice
  • Polyploidy   noun the condition of being polyploid
  • Polyps.
  • adenomatous.
  • antrochoanal.
  • aural   adj. relating to or characterized by an aura;  of or pertaining to hearing or the ear
  • cervical   adj. relating to or associated with the neck;  of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
  • colorectal   adj. relating to or affecting the colon and the rectum
  • endometrial   adj. of or relating to the endometrium
  • fibroepithelial.
  • gastric   adj. relating to or involving the stomach
  • hamartomatous.
  • hyperplastic.
  • inflammatory   adj. characterized or caused by inflammation; arousing to action or rebellion
  • juvenile   adj. of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people;  displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity;  noun a youthful person
  • lymphoid   adj. resembling lymph or lymphatic tissues
  • retention   noun the act of retaining something;  the power of retaining liquid;  the power of retaining and recalling past experience
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • nasal   adj. sounding as if the nose were pinched;  of or in or relating to the nose;  noun an elongated rectangular bone that forms the bridge of the nose;  a consonant produced through the nose with the mouth closed
  • neoplastic colorectal.
  • Peutz Jeghers.
  • stomach   noun an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal; the principal organ of digestion;  an appetite for food;  an inclination or liking for things involving conflict or difficulty or unpleasantness;  the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis;  verb bear to eat;  put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • stromal.
  • Polyribosomes.
  • Polyserositis.
  • Pompe.
  • s disease.
  • Porcelain gallbladder.
  • Pores of Kohn.
  • Porphyria   noun a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
  • Porphyrins.
  • Porta hepatitis.
  • Portal hypertension   noun increase in blood pressure in the veins of the portal system caused by obstruction in the liver (often associated with alcoholic cirrhosis), causing enlargement of the spleen and collateral veins
  • Portal venous obstruction.
  • Portwine stain.
  • Post myocardial infarction syndrome.
  • Pott.
  • s disease.
  • Pott Sir Percival.
  • Poxviruses.
  • PPDest.
  • Precocious puberty.
  • Predisposingactors inumours.
  • Pregnancyumour.
  • Preleukaemic syndrome.
  • Premalignant lesions.
  • Pre proinsulin.
  • Pressure gradients.
  • Primary complex.
  • Primitive neuroectodermalumour.
  • PNET.
  • t   noun the 20th letter of the Roman alphabet;  hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells;  thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but with one less iodine atom per molecule and produced in smaller quantity; exerts the same biological effects as thyroxine but is more potent and briefer;  a unit of information equal to a trillion (1,099,511,627,776) bytes or 1024 gigabytes;  a unit of weight equivalent to 1000 kilograms;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
  • Prinzmetal.
  • s angina.
  • Prion proteins.
  • Probe   noun an investigation conducted using a flexible surgical instrument to explore an injury or a body cavity;  an exploratory action or expedition;  a flexible slender surgical instrument used to explore wounds or body cavities;  an inquiry into unfamiliar or questionable activities;  verb question or examine thoroughly and closely;  examine physically with or as if with a probe
  • Procallus.
  • Proerythroblast.
  • Progeria   noun a rare abnormality marked by premature aging (grey hair and wrinkled skin and stooped posture) in a child
  • Progestrogen.
  • Progressive massiveibrosis.
  • Progressive multifocal leucoencephalopathy.
  • PML.
  • Progressive systemic sclerosis.
  • Proinsulin.
  • Prolapse mitral valve.
  • Promyelocyte.
  • Pronormoblast.
  • Properdin.
  • Prostacyclin.
  • Prostaglandins.
  • Prostate   adj. relating to the prostate gland;  noun a firm partly muscular chestnut sized gland in males at the neck of the urethra; produces a viscid secretion that is the fluid part of semen
  • acid phosphatase.
  • PAP   noun worthless or oversimplified ideas;  the small projection of a mammary gland;  a diet that does not require chewing; advised for those with intestinal disorders
  • carcinoma   noun any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
  • cytology of intraepithelial neoplasia.
  • PIN   noun a small slender (often pointed) piece of wood or metal used to support or fasten or attach things;  a piece of jewelry that is pinned onto the wearer's garment;  flagpole used to mark the position of the hole on a golf green;  cylindrical tumblers consisting of two parts that are held in place by springs; when they are aligned with a key the bolt can be thrown;  informal terms of the leg;  a club shaped wooden object used in bowling; set up in triangular groups of ten as the target;  a holder attached to the gunwale of a boat that holds the oar in place and acts as a fulcrum for rowing;  axis consisting of a short shaft that supports something that turns;  a number you choose and use to gain access to various accounts; small markers inserted into a surface to mark scores or define locations etc.;  when a wrestler's shoulders are forced to the mat; verb immobilize a piece;  attach or fasten with pins;  pierce with a pin; to hold fast or prevent from moving
  • nodular hyperplasia.
  • normal structure of.
  • specific antigen.
  • PSA   noun a protein manufactured exclusively by the prostate gland; PSA is produced for the ejaculate where it liquifies the semen and allows sperm cells to swim freely; elevated levels of PSA in blood serum are associated with benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer
  • Prostatitis   noun inflammation of the prostate gland characterized by perineal pain and irregular urination and (if severe) chills and fever
  • granulomatous   adj. relating to or characterized by granulomas
  • Protease inhibitor   noun an antiviral drug used against HIV; interrupts HIV replication by binding and blocking HIV protease; often used in combination with other drugs
  • Protease antiprotease hypothesis.
  • Protein serum.
  • Protein energy malnutrition.
  • PEM.
  • Proteinuria   noun the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
  • highly selective.
  • non selective.
  • Proteoglycans.
  • Prothrombinime.
  • Prothromboticactors.
  • Prussian blue reaction.
  • Psammoma bodies.
  • Pseudocartilage.
  • Pseudocyst of pancreas.
  • Pseudogout.
  • Pseudolymphoma.
  • Pseudomembrane.
  • Pseudomembranous inflammation.
  • Pseudomyxoma peritonei.
  • Pseudopolyp.
  • Pseudotumour inflammatory.
  • Pseudoxanthoma elasticum.
  • PTEN gene.
  • Pterygium   noun either of two thickened triangular layers of conjunctiva extending from the nasal edge of the eye to the cornea; it arises from irritation of the pinguecula
  • Ptyalism   noun excessive flow of saliva
  • Pulmonary embolism   noun blockage of the pulmonary artery by foreign matter or by a blood clot
  • Pulmonary eosinophilia.
  • Pulmonaryibrosis idiopathic.
  • Pulmonary hypertension.
  • Pulmonary oedema.
  • Pulmonaryuberculosis.
  • see underuberculosis.
  • Pulmonary valve atresia.
  • stenosis   noun abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
  • Pulpitis.
  • Pulseless disease   noun disorder characterized by the absence of a pulse in both arms and in the carotid arteries
  • Punctate basophilia.
  • Pure red cell aplasia.
  • Purines.
  • Purpura   noun any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
  • Henoch Schonlein.
  • idiopathichrombocytopenic.
  • ITP.
  • thrombotichrombocytopenic.
  • TTP.
  • Pus   noun a fluid product of inflammation;  the tenth month of the Hindu calendar
  • Putrefaction   noun a state of decay usually accompanied by an offensive odor;  moral perversion; impairment of virtue and moral principles;  (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal action
  • Pyaemia   noun septicemia caused by pus forming bacteria being released from an abscess
  • Pyelitis   noun inflammation of the renal pelvis
  • Pyelonephritis   noun inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • diabetic   adj. suffering from diabetes;  of or relating to or causing diabetes;  noun someone who has diabetes
  • obstructive   adj. preventing movement
  • tuberculous   adj. constituting or afflicted with or caused by tuberculosis or the tubercle bacillus
  • xanthogranulomatous.
  • Pyknosis   noun a degenerative state of the cell nucleus
  • Pyknotic index.
  • Pyloric stenosis   noun narrowing of the pyloric sphincter that blocks the passage of food from the stomach into the duodenum
  • Pyogenic granuloma.
  • Pyonephrosis.
  • Pyorrhoea   noun chronic periodontitis; purulent inflammation of the teeth sockets;  discharge of pus
  • Pyridoxine   noun a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch
  • Pyruvate kinase.
  • PK.
  • deficiency   noun lack of an adequate quantity or number;  the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  • Q   noun the 17th letter of the Roman alphabet
  • Quality control in histopathology.
  • Quick   adj. easily aroused or excited;  accomplished rapidly and without delay;  apprehending and responding with speed and sensitivity;  moving quickly and lightly;  performed with little or no delay;  hurried and brief;  adv. with little or no delay;  noun any area of the body that is highly sensitive to pain (as the flesh underneath the skin or a fingernail or toenail)
  • s one stage method.
  • Quinacrine banding.
  • Quinsy   noun a painful pus filled inflammation of the tonsils and surrounding tissues; usually a complication of tonsillitis
  • R   noun the 18th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere;  (physics) the universal constant in the gas equation: pressure times volume = R times temperature; equal to 8.3143 joules per kelvin per mole;  a unit of radiation exposure; the dose of ionizing radiation that will produce 1 electrostatic unit of electricity in 1 cc of dry air
  • Rabies   noun an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm blooded animals (usually transmitted by the bite of a rabid animal); rabies is fatal if the virus reaches the brain
  • Rachitic rosary.
  • Radiation carcinogenesis.
  • Radicalsree.
  • Radioautography.
  • Radiolysis   noun molecular disintegration resulting from radiation
  • Ranula   noun a cyst on the underside of the tongue
  • Rappaport classification.
  • RAS gene.
  • Rayungus.
  • Raynaud.
  • s disease and phenomenon.
  • RB gene.
  • REAL classification.
  • Recessive inheritance.
  • Red blood cells.
  • Red cell membrane.
  • hereditary abnormalities of.
  • Red line response.
  • Reed Sternberg.
  • RS.
  • cell   noun (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals;  a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction;  a room where a prisoner is kept;  small room is which a monk or nun lives;  any small compartment;  a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement;  a hand held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short range transmitter/receiver
  • Reflux nephropathy.
  • Regeneration   noun the activity of spiritual or physical renewal; (biology) growth anew of lost tissue or destroyed parts or organs; forming again (especially with improvements or removal of defects); renewing and reconstituting;  feedback in phase with (augmenting) the input
  • Regurgitation valvular.
  • Reid index.
  • Reidel.
  • s struma.
  • Reinke.
  • s crystals.
  • Reiter   noun German bacteriologist who described a disease now known as Reiter's syndrome and who identified the spirochete that causes syphilis in humans (1881 1969)
  • s syndrome.
  • Rejection reactions.
  • Renal cell carcinoma.
  • Renal clearanceests.
  • Renal cortical necrosis.
  • Renal cysts.
  • also see under Cysts kidney.
  • Renal dysplasia.
  • Renalailure.
  • acute   adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course;  of critical importance and consequence;  extremely sharp or intense;  having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions;  of an angle; less than 90 degrees;  ending in a sharp point;  noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • ARF.
  • chronic   adj. being long lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • CRF.
  • Renalunctionests.
  • Renal osteodystrophy.
  • Renal pelvisumours of.
  • Renal vascular disease.
  • Renin angiotensin aldosterone.
  • mechanism   noun the technical aspects of doing something; device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function;  (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes;  a natural object resembling a machine in structure or function;  the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction
  • Reninoma.
  • Repair   noun the act of putting something in working order again;  a formal way of referring to the condition of something;  a frequently visited place;  verb restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken;  move, travel, or proceed toward some place; give new life or energy to;  set straight or right;  make amends for; pay compensation for
  • Reperfusion injury.
  • in myocardial infarction.
  • Residual bodies.
  • Resistance   noun the action of opposing something that you disapprove or disagree with;  the military action of resisting the enemy's advance;  group action in opposition to those in power; (psychiatry) an unwillingness to bring repressed feelings into conscious awareness;  the degree of unresponsiveness of a disease causing microorganism to antibiotics or other drugs (as in penicillin resistant bacteria);  any mechanical force that tends to retard or oppose motion;  an electrical device that resists the flow of electrical current;  a secret group organized to overthrow a government or occupation force;  a material's opposition to the flow of electric current; measured in ohms;  (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
  • Respiratory burst.
  • Respiratory distress syndrome   noun an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli
  • RDS.
  • adult   adj. (of animals) fully developed;  noun any mature animal;  a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • neonatal   adj. relating to or affecting the infant during the first month after birth
  • Respiratory syncytial virus   noun a paramyxovirus that forms syncytia in tissue culture and that is responsible for severe respiratory diseases such as bronchiolitis and bronchial pneumonia (especially in children)
  • RSV.
  • Responseo injury hypothesis.
  • Retinitis pigmentosa.
  • Retinoblastoma   noun malignant ocular tumor of retinal cells; usually occurs before the third year of life; composed of primitive small round retinal cells
  • versus malignant melanoma.
  • Retinopathy.
  • diabetic   adj. suffering from diabetes;  of or relating to or causing diabetes;  noun someone who has diabetes
  • hypertensive   adj. having abnormally high blood pressure;  noun a person who has abnormally high blood pressure
  • prematurity   noun the state of being premature
  • Retrolentalibroplasia.
  • Retroperitonealibromatosis.
  • Retroviruses.
  • Reversible cell injury.
  • morphology of.
  • Reye.
  • s syndrome.
  • Rhabdomyoma   noun benign rumor of striated muscle
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma   noun a highly malignant neoplasm derived from striated muscle
  • embryonal   adj. of an organism prior to birth or hatching
  • Rhesus system.
  • Rheumaticever and RHD.
  • acute stage.
  • cardiac lesions in.
  • causes of death in.
  • chronic stage.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • definition of.
  • endocarditis   noun inflammation of the endocardium and heart valves
  • etiopathogenesis of.
  • extra cardiac lesions in.
  • incidence of.
  • morphologiceatures of.
  • myocarditis in.
  • pericarditis in.
  • pleuritis.
  • pneumonitis   noun inflammation of the lungs; caused by a virus or an allergic reaction
  • stigmata of.
  • valvulitis in.
  • vasculitis in.
  • vegetations inf.
  • Rheumatoid arthritis   noun a chronic autoimmune disease with inflammation of the joints and marked deformities; something (possibly a virus) triggers an attack on the synovium by the immune system, which releases cytokines that stimulate an inflammatory reaction that can lead to the destruction of all components of the joint
  • Rheumatoidactor.
  • Rheumatoid nodules.
  • Rheumatoid pneumoconiosis.
  • Rhinoscleroma.
  • Rhinosporidiosis   noun fungal infection of the nose; often acquired while swimming
  • Riboflavin   noun a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss
  • Ribosomes.
  • Rickets   noun childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus
  • Ridley Jopling classification.
  • Ring chromosome.
  • RNA oncogenic viruses.
  • Rodent ulcer.
  • Rokitansky.
  • s protuberance.
  • Rokitansky Carl.
  • Rokitansky Aschoff sinus.
  • Romanowsky DL.
  • Rosettes.
  • Rotor   noun rotating mechanism consisting of an assembly of rotating airfoils;  the rotating armature of a motor or generator;  the revolving bar of a distributor
  • s syndrome.
  • Rouleauxormation.
  • Round cellumours.
  • RS cell markerf.
  • Russell bodies.
  • Rye classification.
  • S   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Sacrococcygealeratoma.
  • Saddle nose deformity.
  • Saddlehrombus.
  • Salah bone marrow needle.
  • Salivary glands.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • tumours of minor.
  • Salmonellosis   noun a kind of food poisoning caused by eating foods contaminated with Salmonella typhimurium
  • Salpingitis   noun inflammation of a Fallopian tube (usually the result of infection spreading from the vagina or uterus) or of a Eustachian tube
  • tuberculous   adj. constituting or afflicted with or caused by tuberculosis or the tubercle bacillus
  • Salt deficiency.
  • Saponification   noun a chemical reaction in which an ester is heated with an alkali (especially the alkaline hydrolysis of a fat or oil to make soap)
  • Saprophytism.
  • Sarcoidosis   noun a chronic disease of unknown cause marked by the formation of nodules in the lungs and liver and lymph glands and salivary glands
  • Sarcoma botryoidesf.
  • Sarcoma definition of.
  • SARS   noun a respiratory disease of unknown etiology that apparently originated in mainland China in 2003; characterized by fever and coughing or difficulty breathing or hypoxia; can be fatal
  • Scab   noun the crustlike surface of a healing skin lesion;  someone who works (or provides workers) during a strike;  verb form a scab; take the place of work of someone on strike
  • Scar hypertrophic.
  • Schaumann bodies.
  • Schiller Duval body.
  • Schiller   noun German romantic writer (1759 1805)
  • sest.
  • Schillingestt.
  • Schistocytosis.
  • Schistosomiasis   noun an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
  • SchwannT.
  • Schwannoma.
  • acoustic   adj. of or relating to the science of acoustics;  noun a remedy for hearing loss or deafness
  • versus neurofibroma.
  • Scirrhousumours.
  • Scleroderma   noun genus of poisonous fungi having hard skinned fruiting bodies: false truffles;  an autoimmune disease that affects the blood vessels and connective tissue; fibrous connective tissue is deposited in the skin
  • systemic sclerosis.
  • Sclerosing adenosis breast.
  • Scotomas.
  • Scurvy   adj. of the most contemptible kind;  noun a condition caused by deficiency of ascorbic acid (vitamin C)
  • Sebaceous glandumours.
  • Seborrheic keratosisf.
  • Seed soilheory.
  • Selectin.
  • Semen examinationt.
  • Seminoma spermatocytic.
  • Seminoma classic.
  • Senile keratosis.
  • Senile plaques.
  • Sentinel lymph node.
  • Septicaemia   noun invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
  • Sequestration bronchopulmonary.
  • Sequestrum.
  • Serotonin   noun a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory
  • Serousumours of ovary.
  • Sertoli cellumour.
  • Severe acute respiratory syndrome   noun a respiratory disease of unknown etiology that apparently originated in mainland China in 2003; characterized by fever and coughing or difficulty breathing or hypoxia; can be fatal
  • SARS   noun a respiratory disease of unknown etiology that apparently originated in mainland China in 2003; characterized by fever and coughing or difficulty breathing or hypoxia; can be fatal
  • Sex chromatinf.
  • Sex chromosomes.
  • Sex cord stromalumours.
  • ovary   noun (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone;  the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • testis   noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • Sezary syndrome.
  • Sheehan.
  • s syndrome.
  • Shifto left.
  • Shifto right.
  • Shigella disentery.
  • Shingles   noun eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
  • Shock   noun the violent interaction of individuals or groups entering into combat;  an unpleasant or disappointing surprise;  an instance of agitation of the earth's crust;  a bushy thick mass (especially hair);  a pile of sheaves of grain set on end in a field to dry; stalks of Indian corn set up in a field;  (pathology) bodily collapse or near collapse caused by inadequate oxygen delivery to the cells; characterized by reduced cardiac output and rapid heartbeat and circulatory insufficiency and pallor;  a reflex response to the passage of electric current through the body;  a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses;  the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally;  verb subject to electrical shocks;  collect or gather into shocks;  collide violently;  strike with horror or terror;  surprise greatly; knock someone's socks off;  strike with disgust or revulsion;  inflict a trauma upon
  • adrenal in.
  • anaphylactic   adj. related to the hypersensitivity known as anaphylaxis
  • brain in.
  • cardiogenic.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • compensated   adj. receiving or eligible for compensation
  • reversible   adj. capable of assuming or producing either of two states;  capable of reversing or being reversed;  capable of being reversed or used with either side out;  capable of being reversed; noun a garment (especially a coat) that can be worn inside out (with either side of the cloth showing)
  • complications of.
  • decompensated.
  • irreversible   adj. incapable of being reversed
  • definition of.
  • etiology and classification of.
  • inflammatory mediators of.
  • kidney in.
  • lungs in.
  • morphologiceatures in.
  • neurogenic   adj. arising in or stimulated by nerve tissues
  • pathogenesis of.
  • septic   adj. containing or resulting from disease causing organisms;  of or relating to or caused by putrefaction
  • stages of.
  • true   adj. accurately placed or thrown;  accurately fitted; level; devoted (sometimes fanatically) to a cause or concept or truth; having a legally established claim;  determined with reference to the earth's axis rather than the magnetic poles;  rightly so called; consistent with fact or reality; not false;  conforming to definitive criteria;  in tune; accurate in pitch;  expressing or given to expressing the truth;  not pretended; sincerely felt or expressed;  worthy of being depended on;  adv. as acknowledged;  noun proper alignment; the property possessed by something that is in correct or proper alignment;  verb make level, square, balanced, or concentric
  • Shock kidney.
  • Shock lung.
  • Shunts heart.
  • lefto right.
  • righto left.
  • Sialadenitis   noun inflammation of the salivary glands
  • Sialolithiasis.
  • Sialorrhoea.
  • Sicca syndrome.
  • Sickle cell syndrome.
  • Sideroblasts.
  • ring   noun jewelry consisting of a circlet of precious metal (often set with jewels) worn on the finger;  a square platform marked off by ropes in which contestants box or wrestle;  a characteristic sound; the sound of a bell ringing;  a toroidal shape;  a strip of material attached to the leg of a bird to identify it (as in studies of bird migration);  a rigid circular band of metal or wood or other material used for holding or fastening or hanging or pulling;  an association of criminals;  (chemistry) a chain of atoms in a molecule that forms a closed loop;  verb attach a ring to the foot of, in order to identify; sound loudly and sonorously;  make (bells) ring, often for the purposes of musical edification;  get or try to get into communication (with someone) by telephone;  ring or echo with sound;  be around
  • Siderocytes.
  • Siderofibrotic nodule.
  • Siderosis   noun fibrosis of the lung caused by iron dust; occurs among welders and other metal workers
  • Sigmoid curve.
  • Signalransduction proteinsf.
  • Signet ring carcinomaf.
  • Silicosis   noun a lung disease caused by inhaling particles of silica or quartz or slate
  • Siloiller.
  • s disease.
  • Simmond.
  • s syndrome.
  • Simple cyst bone.
  • Single gene defect.
  • Sinus histiocytosis.
  • Sinusitis   noun inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
  • Sipple syndrome.
  • Sj.
  • gren.
  • s syndrome.
  • Skeletal muscles structure of.
  • tumours.
  • Skeletal system   noun the hard structure (bones and cartilages) that provides a frame for the body of an animal
  • Skin   noun an outer surface (usually thin);  a bag serving as a container for liquids; it is made from the hide of an animal;  a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch;  a person's skin regarded as their life;  the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.g. a fruit);  body covering of a living animal;  the rind of a fruit or vegetable;  verb strip the skin off;  bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of;  remove the bark of a tree;  climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
  • dermatoses.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Slow releasing substance of anaphylaxis.
  • SRS A.
  • Slowransforming viruses.
  • Sludge biliary.
  • Small cell carcinoma lung.
  • versus non small cell carcinoma.
  • Small cellumour desmoplastic.
  • Smog   noun air pollution by a mixture of smoke and fog
  • Smoking   adj. emitting smoke in great volume;  noun the act of smoking tobacco or other substances;  a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • passive   adj. lacking in energy or will;  expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb; peacefully resistant in response to injustice;  noun the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
  • Sodium and water.
  • deficiency of.
  • retention of.
  • Softissueumours.
  • classification of.
  • diagnostic criteria of.
  • etiology and pathogenesis of.
  • generaleatures of.
  • staging and grading of.
  • Solar keratosis.
  • Soldiers.
  • spots   noun spots before the eyes caused by opaque cell fragments in the vitreous humor and lens
  • Solitary cyst bone.
  • Solitary rectal ulcer syndrome.
  • Somogyi effect.
  • Sorbitol mechanism.
  • Southern blot.
  • Special stains.
  • Spectrin.
  • Speech recognition system.
  • Spermatic granuloma.
  • Spherocytosis.
  • Spina bifida   noun a not uncommon congenital defect in which a vertebra is malformed; unless several vertebrae are affected or there is myelomeningocele there are few symptoms; can be diagnosed by amniocentesis
  • Spinal cord defects.
  • Spiradenoma.
  • Spleen   noun a large dark red oval organ on the left side of the body between the stomach and the diaphragm; produces cells involved in immune responses;  a feeling of resentful anger
  • CVC of.
  • normal structure of.
  • Splenectomy effects of.
  • Splenic rupture.
  • Splenicumour acute.
  • Splenitis   noun inflammation of the spleen
  • Splenomegaly   noun an abnormal enlargement of the spleen
  • congestive   adj. relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid
  • Splenosis.
  • Spondylitis   noun inflammation of a spinal joint; characterized by pain and stiffness
  • Spongiform encephalopathy.
  • Spongiosis.
  • Spread ofumours.
  • Sprue   noun a chronic disorder that occurs in tropical and non tropical forms and in both children and adults; nutrients are not absorbed; symptoms include foul smelling diarrhea and emaciation
  • Sputum examination.
  • Squamocolumnar junction.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Squamous cell carcinoma   noun the most common form of skin cancer
  • cervix   noun necklike opening to the uterus;  the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body
  • lung   noun either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • oesophagus   noun the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • oral cavity   noun the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge
  • penis   noun the male organ of copulation (`member' is a euphemism)
  • skin   noun an outer surface (usually thin);  a bag serving as a container for liquids; it is made from the hide of an animal;  a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch;  a person's skin regarded as their life;  the tissue forming the hard outer layer (of e.g. a fruit);  body covering of a living animal;  the rind of a fruit or vegetable;  verb strip the skin off;  bruise, cut, or injure the skin or the surface of;  remove the bark of a tree;  climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
  • vulva   noun external parts of the female genitalia
  • Squamous intraepithelial lesions.
  • SIL.
  • H SIL.
  • L SIL.
  • Squamous metaplasia.
  • Staghorn stone.
  • Staging ofumours.
  • AJC.
  • Enneking.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • TNM.
  • Staphylococcal infections.
  • Starling   noun gregarious birds native to the Old World
  • s hypothesis.
  • Starvation   noun the act of depriving of food or subjecting to famine;  a state of extreme hunger resulting from lack of essential nutrients over a prolonged period
  • Stasis vascular.
  • Steatocystoma multiplex.
  • Steatohepatitis.
  • alcoholic   adj. addicted to alcohol;  characteristic of or containing alcohol;  noun a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually
  • non alcoholic.
  • NASH   noun United States writer noted for his droll epigrams (1902 1971)
  • Steatorrhea   noun the presence of greater than normal amounts of fat in the feces which are frothy and foul smelling and floating; a symptom of disorders of fat metabolism and malabsorption syndrome
  • Steatosis.
  • Stein Leventhal syndrome.
  • Stem cells haematopoietic.
  • Stem cell research.
  • Stenosis valvular.
  • aortic   adj. of or relating to the aorta
  • mitral   adj. of or relating to or located in or near the mitral valve; relating to or resembling the miter worn by some clerics
  • pulmonary   adj. relating to or affecting the lungs
  • tricuspid   adj. having three cusps or points (especially a molar tooth)
  • Stevens Johnson syndrome.
  • Stitch abscess.
  • Stomach   noun an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal; the principal organ of digestion;  an appetite for food;  an inclination or liking for things involving conflict or difficulty or unpleasantness;  the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis;  verb bear to eat;  put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • acute dilatation of.
  • cancer of.
  • normal structure of.
  • rupture of.
  • tumours andumour like.
  • lesions of.
  • Stomatitis   noun inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
  • Stomatocytosis.
  • stomatin in.
  • Stones gallbladder.
  • Stones kidney.
  • Storage diseases.
  • neuronal   adj. of or relating to neurons
  • Storage iron.
  • Storiform pattern.
  • Stout AP.
  • Streptococcal infections.
  • Stroke syndrome.
  • Stromalatty infiltration.
  • Struma ovarii.
  • Struvite.
  • staghorn.
  • stone   adj. of any of various dull tannish or grey colors;  nounbuilding material consisting of a piece of rock hewn in a definite shape for a special purpose;  a lack of feeling or expression or movement;  United States architect (1902 1978);  United States jurist who served on the United States Supreme Court as chief justice (1872 1946);  United States journalist who advocated liberal causes (1907 1989);  United States feminist and suffragist (1818 1893); United States filmmaker (born in 1946);  United States jurist who was named chief justice of the United States Supreme Court in 1941 by Franklin D. Roosevelt (1872 1946);  the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed;  an avoirdupois unit used to measure the weight of a human body; equal to 14 pounds;  a lump or mass of hard consolidated mineral matter;  material consisting of the aggregate of minerals like those making up the Earth's crust;  a crystalline rock that can be cut and polished for jewelry;  verb kill by throwing stones at;  remove the pits from
  • Sty   noun a pen for swine;  an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  • Subarachnoid haemorrhage.
  • Subependymoma.
  • Sudden cardiac death.
  • Sulfur granules.
  • Suppuration   noun a fluid product of inflammation;  (medicine) the formation of morbific matter in an abscess or a vesicle and the discharge of pus
  • Surfactant   noun a substance capable of reducing the surface tension of a liquid in which it is dissolved
  • Surgical pathology protocol.
  • Sushruta.
  • Sutureracks.
  • Sweat glandumours.
  • Swinelu.
  • Sydney classification gastritis.
  • Sympathetic ophthalmia.
  • Sympathicoblastoma.
  • Synovial sarcoma.
  • Synovioma benign.
  • Synovitis villonodular.
  • Syphilis   noun a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages; can be congenital (transmitted through the placenta)
  • aortitis   noun inflammation of the aorta
  • cardiovascular   adj. of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
  • causative organisms of.
  • congenital   adj. present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • immunology of.
  • mode ofransmission of.
  • nose   noun a front that resembles a human nose (especially the front of an aircraft);  the front or forward projection of a tool or weapon;  the organ of smell and entrance to the respiratory tract; the prominent part of the face of man or other mammals;  a natural skill; the sense of smell (especially in animals);  a symbol of inquisitiveness;  a small distance;  a projecting spout from which a fluid is discharged;  verb defeat by a narrow margin;  push or move with the nose;  advance the forward part of with caution;  rub noses; catch the scent of; get wind of;  search or inquire in a meddlesome way
  • primary   adj. not derived from or reducible to something else; basic;  of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand;  of primary importance;  most important element;  of or being the essential or basic part;  noun a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen;  one of the main flight feathers projecting along the outer edge of a bird's wing;  coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit
  • secondary   adj. belonging to a lower class or rank;  not of major importance;  being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate;  depending on or incidental to what is original or primary;  inferior in rank or status;  noun the defensive football players who line up behind the linemen;  coil such that current is induced in it by passing a current through the primary coil
  • stages of.
  • tertiary   adj. coming next after the second and just before the fourth in position;  noun from 63 million to 2 million years ago
  • Syphilitic aortitis versus aortic atheroma.
  • Syringobulbia.
  • Syringomyelia.
  • Syringomyelocele.
  • Syrinx   noun the vocal organ of a bird;  a primitive wind instrument consisting of several parallel pipes bound together
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus   noun an inflammatory disease of connective tissue with variable features including fever and weakness and fatigability and joint pains and skin lesions on the face or neck or arms
  • SLE   noun an inflammatory disease of connective tissue with variable features including fever and weakness and fatigability and joint pains and skin lesions on the face or neck or arms
  • heart in.
  • Systemic sclerosis.
  • T   noun the 20th letter of the Roman alphabet;  hormone produced by the thyroid glands to regulate metabolism by controlling the rate of oxidation in cells;  thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but with one less iodine atom per molecule and produced in smaller quantity; exerts the same biological effects as thyroxine but is more potent and briefer;  a unit of information equal to a trillion (1,099,511,627,776) bytes or 1024 gigabytes;  a unit of weight equivalent to 1000 kilograms;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  a base found in DNA (but not in RNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
  • Tabes dorsalis   noun syphilis of the spinal cord characterized by degeneration of sensory neurons and stabbing pains in the trunk and legs and unsteady gait and incontinence and impotence
  • Tabes mesenterica.
  • Takayasu.
  • s arteritis.
  • Tamm Horsfall protein.
  • Target cell   noun an abnormal red blood cell with the appearance of a dark ring surrounding a dark center; associated with anemia; any cell that has a specific receptor for an antigen or antibody or hormone or drug, or is the focus of contact by a virus or phagocyte or nerve fiber etc.
  • Tart cell.
  • Tattooing.
  • Teare.
  • s disease.
  • Teeth normal structure of.
  • Telepathology.
  • Telomerase   noun an enzyme in eukaryotic cells that can add telomeres to the ends of chromosomes after they divide
  • Telomere   noun either (free) end of a eukaryotic chromosome
  • Tenascin.
  • Tenosynovitis nodular.
  • Teratogens.
  • Teratology   noun the branch of biology concerned with the development of malformations or serious deviations from the normal type of organism
  • Teratoma   noun a tumor consisting of a mixture of tissues not normally found at that site
  • of ovary.
  • ofestis.
  • sacrococcygeal.
  • Testicularumours.
  • Testis   noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • normal structure of.
  • torsion of.
  • tumours of.
  • Tetanus   noun a sustained muscular contraction resulting from a rapid series of nerve impulses;  an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles may occur during the late stages
  • Tetralogy ofallot.
  • Thalassaemias.
  • alpha   adj. early testing stage of a software or hardware product; first in order of importance;  noun the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet;  the beginning of a series or sequence
  • anaemia in.
  • beta   adj. preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product;  second in order of importance;  noun the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet;  beets
  • classification of.
  • definition of.
  • Thalidomide malformations.
  • Thecoma.
  • Thermal injury.
  • Thiamine   noun a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
  • Thioflavin.
  • Thrombasthenia   noun a rare autosomal recessive disease in which the platelets do not produce clots in the normal way and hemorrhage results
  • Thrombinimet.
  • Thromboangiitis obliterans.
  • Buerger.
  • s disease.
  • Thrombocytopenias.
  • drug induced.
  • heparin induced.
  • immune   adj. (usually followed by `to') not affected by a given influence;  relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection); secure against;  relating to the condition of immunity;  noun a person who is immune to a particular infection
  • thrombotic.
  • Thrombocytosis   noun increase in the number of platelets in the blood which tends to cause clots to form; associated with many neoplasms and chronic infections and other diseases
  • essential   adj. basic and fundamental;  absolutely required and not to be used up or sacrificed;  absolutely necessary; vitally necessary; being or relating to or containing the essence of a plant etc;  defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established;  of the greatest importance;  noun anything indispensable
  • Thromboembolism   noun occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus that has broken away from a thrombus
  • Thrombogenesis.
  • Thrombogenicheory.
  • Thrombolyticherapy.
  • Thrombomodulin.
  • Thrombophlebitis   noun phlebitis in conjunction with the formation of a blood clot (thrombus)
  • migrans.
  • Thrombopoiesis.
  • Thrombopoietin.
  • Thrombosis   noun the formation or presence of a thrombus (a clot of coagulated blood attached at the site of its formation) in a blood vessel
  • clinical effects of.
  • coronary   adj. surrounding like a crown (especially of the blood vessels surrounding the heart);  noun obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • definition of.
  • fate of.
  • morphology of.
  • pathophysiology of.
  • predisposingactors in.
  • Thrombospondin.
  • Thrombotic microangiopathy.
  • Thrombotichrombocytopenic.
  • TTP.
  • Thromboxane.
  • Thrombus   noun a blood clot formed within a blood vessel and remaining attached to its place of origin
  • antemortem versus postmortem.
  • arterial versus venous.
  • ball valve   noun any valve that checks flow by the seating of a ball
  • morphology of.
  • Thrush oral.
  • Thymocytes.
  • Thymoma.
  • Thymus   noun large genus of Old World mints: thyme;  a ductless glandular organ at the base of the neck that produces lymphocytes and aids in producing immunity; atrophies with age
  • Thyroglossal cyst.
  • Thyroid cancer.
  • etiolopathogenesis of.
  • follicular   adj. of or relating to or constituting a follicle
  • medullary   adj. of or relating to the medulla of any body part;  of or relating to the medulla oblongata;  containing or consisting of or resembling bone marrow
  • papillary   adj. of or relating to or resembling papilla
  • undifferentiated   adj. not differentiated
  • anaplastic   adj. of or relating to anaplasia
  • Thyroid gland   noun located near the base of the neck
  • functionests.
  • functional disorders of.
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Thyroiditis   noun inflammation of the thyroid gland
  • autoimmune   adj. of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
  • deQuervain.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • granulomatous   adj. relating to or characterized by granulomas
  • Hashimoto.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • infectious   adj. easily spread;  caused by infection or capable of causing infection;  of or relating to infection
  • lymphocytic   adj. of or relating to lymphocytes
  • Riedel.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Thyrotoxicosis   noun an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
  • hyperthyroidism   noun an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
  • Tinea   noun type genus of the Tineidae: clothes moths;  infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
  • Tissueension.
  • TNM staging.
  • Tobacco smoking.
  • Tocoferol.
  • Tolerance immune.
  • Tongue lesions of.
  • Tonsillitis   noun inflammation of the tonsils (especially the palatine tonsils)
  • Tooth   noun a means of enforcement;  toothlike structure in invertebrates found in the mouth or alimentary canal or on a shell; something resembling the tooth of an animal;  one of a number of uniform projections on a gear;  hard bonelike structures in the jaws of vertebrates; used for biting and chewing or for attack and defense
  • diseases of.
  • normal structure of.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Tophi.
  • TORCH complex.
  • Torsionestis.
  • Torticollis   noun an unnatural condition in which the head leans to one side because the neck muscles on that side are contracted
  • Toxic granules in neutrophils.
  • TP gene.
  • Trace elements.
  • Tracheo oesophagealistula.
  • Tramrack appearance.
  • Transaminases.
  • Transcellularluid.
  • Transcobalamin.
  • Transcoelomic spread.
  • Transferrin   noun a globulin in blood plasma that carries iron
  • Transfusion of blood.
  • complications of.
  • Transient ischaemic attacks.
  • Transitional cell carcinoma.
  • Translocations.
  • reciprocal   adj. of or relating to the multiplicative inverse of a quantity or function;  concerning each of two or more persons or things; especially given or done in return;  noun something (a term or expression or concept) that has a reciprocal relation to something else;  hybridization involving a pair of crosses that reverse the sexes associated with each genotype;  (mathematics) one of a pair of numbers whose product is 1: the reciprocal of 2/3 is 3/2; the multiplicative inverse of 7 is 1/7
  • Robertsonian.
  • Transplant rejection.
  • Transplantation   noun the act of removing something from one location and introducing it in another location;  an operation moving an organ from one organism (the donor) to another (the recipient)
  • cardiac   adj. of or relating to the heart
  • bone marrow   noun the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones;  very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones
  • Transposition of great arteries.
  • Transthyretin.
  • Transudate versus exudate.
  • Traumao brain.
  • Trephine   noun a surgical instrument used to remove sections of bone from the skull;  verb operate on with a trephine
  • Treponema   noun spirochete that causes disease in humans (e.g. syphilis and yaws)
  • Trichoepithelioma.
  • Trichomoniasis   noun infection of the vagina
  • Trigone.
  • Triphenyletrazolium chloride.
  • TTC.
  • Triple response.
  • Trisomy   noun chrosomal abnormality in which there is one more than the normal number of chromosomes in a cell
  • Tropical pulmonary eosinophilia.
  • Troponins cardiac.
  • Trouisier.
  • s sign.
  • Trousseau   noun the personal outfit of a bride; clothes and accessories and linens
  • s syndrome.
  • Truncus arteriosus persistent.
  • Trypanosomiasis.
  • Tryptophan   noun an amino acid that occurs in proteins; is essential for growth and normal metabolism; a precursor of niacin
  • Tubercle   noun a swelling that is the characteristic lesion of tuberculosis;  a protuberance on a bone especially for attachment of a muscle or ligament;  small rounded wartlike protuberance on a plant
  • evolution of.
  • hard and soft.
  • Tubercle bacillus   noun cause of tuberculosis
  • Tuberculinest.
  • Tuberculoma brain.
  • Tuberculosis   noun infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
  • brain   noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord;  mental ability;  the brain of certain animals used as meat;  that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason;  someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality;  verb kill by smashing someone's skull;  hit on the head
  • caseous necrosis in.
  • caseous pneumonia in.
  • causative organism in.
  • cavitary.
  • clinicaleatures of.
  • dystrophic calcification in.
  • fibrocaseous.
  • hypersensitivity and immunity in.
  • incidence of.
  • intestinal   adj. of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • kidney   noun either of two bean shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • liver   adj. having a reddish brown color;  noun large and complicated reddish brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn out erythrocytes;  liver of an animal used as meat;  someone who lives in a place;  a person who has a special life style
  • lymph nodef.
  • meninges   noun a membrane (one of 3) that envelops the brain and spinal cord
  • miliary.
  • nose   noun a front that resembles a human nose (especially the front of an aircraft);  the front or forward projection of a tool or weapon;  the organ of smell and entrance to the respiratory tract; the prominent part of the face of man or other mammals;  a natural skill; the sense of smell (especially in animals);  a symbol of inquisitiveness;  a small distance;  a projecting spout from which a fluid is discharged;  verb defeat by a narrow margin;  push or move with the nose;  advance the forward part of with caution;  rub noses; catch the scent of; get wind of;  search or inquire in a meddlesome way
  • open   adj. ready for business;  not having been filled;  without undue constriction as from e.g. tenseness or inhibition;  affording unobstructed entrance and exit; not shut or closed;  affording free passage or access;  used of mouth or eyes;  having no protecting cover or enclosure;  (set theory) of an interval that contains neither of its endpoints;  open to or in view of all;  accessible to all;  not sealed or having been unsealed;  not brought to a conclusion; subject to further thought;  not requiring union membership;  openly straightforward and direct without reserve or secretiveness;  affording free passage or view;  open and observable; not secret or hidden; with no protection or shield;  ready or willing to receive favorably;  (of textures) full of small openings or gaps;  possibly accepting or permitting;  not defended or capable of being defended;  nouninformation that has become public;  a tournament in which both professionals and amateurs may play;  a clear or unobstructed space or expanse of land or water;  where the air is unconfined;  verb make available;  become available;  make the opening move;  cause to open or to become open;  become open;  display the contents of a file or start an application as on a computer;  begin or set in action, of meetings, speeches, recitals, etc.;  start to operate or function or cause to start operating or functioning;  have an opening or passage or outlet;  spread out or open from a closed or folded state;  afford access to
  • oral cavity   noun the opening through which food is taken in and vocalizations emerge
  • primary   adj. not derived from or reducible to something else; basic;  of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand;  of primary importance;  most important element;  of or being the essential or basic part;  noun a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen;  one of the main flight feathers projecting along the outer edge of a bird's wing;  coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit
  • pulmonary   adj. relating to or affecting the lungs
  • secondary   adj. belonging to a lower class or rank;  not of major importance;  being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate;  depending on or incidental to what is original or primary;  inferior in rank or status;  noun the defensive football players who line up behind the linemen;  coil such that current is induced in it by passing a current through the primary coil
  • sinusracts in.
  • spread of.
  • transmission of.
  • Tuberculous meningitis.
  • Tubular necrosis acute.
  • ATN.
  • Tubules.
  • diseases of.
  • structure of.
  • Tubulointerstitial disease.
  • Tumoral calcinosis.
  • Tumour host interrelationship.
  • Tumour markers.
  • Tumour necrosisactor.
  • TNF   noun a proinflammatory cytokine that is produced by white blood cells (monocytes and macrophages); has an antineoplastic effect but causes inflammation (as in rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Tumours.
  • also see under Neoplasia.
  • anaplasia in.
  • angiogenesis in.
  • benign versus malignant.
  • characteristics of.
  • classification of.
  • cytomorphology of.
  • diagnosis of.
  • differentiation in.
  • epidemiology of.
  • etiology and pathogenesis of.
  • functional changes in.
  • genetic abnormalities in.
  • grading of.
  • grosseatures of.
  • growth rate of.
  • inflammatory reaction in.
  • invasion of.
  • metastasis in.
  • microscopiceatures of.
  • phenotype of.
  • spread of.
  • staging of.
  • stem cells in.
  • stroma of.
  • vascular invasion of.
  • Tunicae arteries.
  • Turbanumour.
  • Turbulence   noun unstable flow of a liquid or gas;  a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally);  instability in the atmosphere
  • Turcot.
  • s syndrome.
  • Turk cell.
  • Turner   noun cooking utensil having a flat flexible part and a long handle; used for turning or serving food;  one of two persons who swing ropes for jumpers to skip over in the game of jump rope;  a lathe operator;  a tumbler who is a member of a turnverein;  United States historian who stressed the role of the western frontier in American history (1861 1951);  English landscape painter whose treatment of light and color influenced the French impressionists (1775 1851);  United States endocrinologist (1892 1970);  United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia; he was captured and executed (1800 1831)
  • s syndrome.
  • Typhoidever.
  • Typhoid ulcers.
  • Tyrosinase.
  • U   adj. (chiefly British) of or appropriate to the upper classes especially in language use;  noun the 21st letter of the Roman alphabet;  a heavy toxic silvery white radioactive metallic element; occurs in many isotopes; used for nuclear fuels and nuclear weapons;  a base containing nitrogen that is found in RNA (but not in DNA) and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with adenine
  • Ubiquitin.
  • UICC staging.
  • Ulcer   noun a circumscribed inflammatory and often suppurating lesion on the skin or an internal mucous surface resulting in necrosis of tissue
  • amoebic   adj. pertaining to or resembling amoebae
  • aphthous.
  • Curling   adj. of hair having curls;  noun a game played on ice in which heavy stones with handles are slid toward a target
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Cushing   noun United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869 1939)
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • peptic   adj. relating to or promoting digestion
  • rodent   noun relatively small gnawing animals having a single pair of constantly growing incisor teeth specialized for gnawing
  • stress   noun the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch);  (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body;  difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension;  special emphasis attached to something; (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense;  verbput stress on; utter with an accent;  to stress, single out as important; test the limits of
  • Ulcerative colitis versus Crohn.
  • s disease.
  • Ultimate carcinogens.
  • Ultraviolet light   noun radiation lying in the ultraviolet range; wave lengths shorter than light but longer than X rays
  • Unicameral bone cyst.
  • Union wounds.
  • primary   adj. not derived from or reducible to something else; basic;  of first rank or importance or value; direct and immediate rather than secondhand;  of primary importance;  most important element;  of or being the essential or basic part;  noun a preliminary election where delegates or nominees are chosen;  one of the main flight feathers projecting along the outer edge of a bird's wing;  coil forming the part of an electrical circuit such that changing current in it induces a current in a neighboring circuit
  • secondary   adj. belonging to a lower class or rank;  not of major importance;  being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate;  depending on or incidental to what is original or primary;  inferior in rank or status;  noun the defensive football players who line up behind the linemen;  coil such that current is induced in it by passing a current through the primary coil
  • Urachal abnormalities.
  • Urachal cyst.
  • Uraemia   noun accumulation in the blood of nitrogenous waste products (urea) that are usually excreted in the urine
  • Uraemic manifestations.
  • Urate nephrolithiasis.
  • Ureter normal structure of.
  • Ureterocele   noun prolapse of the end of the ureter into the bladder; may obstruct urine flow
  • Urethra normal structure of.
  • Urethral carcinoma.
  • Urethral caruncle.
  • Urethritis   noun inflammation of the urethra; results in painful urination
  • Uric acid stones.
  • Urinary bladder   noun a membranous sac for temporary retention of urine
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Urinary calculi.
  • Urinary cytology.
  • Urinaryract infection.
  • UTI.
  • Urinaryract lower.
  • Urine analysis.
  • Urobilinogen   noun a chromogen formed in the intestine from the breakdown of bilirubin; yields urobilins on oxidation; some is excreted in the feces and some is resorbed and excreted in bile or urine
  • Urolithiasis.
  • Uropathy obstructive.
  • Urothelialumours.
  • Urticaria   noun an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to insect bites or food or drugs
  • Urticaria pigmentosa.
  • Uveal melanoma.
  • Uveitis   noun inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • V   noun the 22nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of potential equal to the potential difference between two points on a conductor carrying a current of 1 ampere when the power dissipated between the two points is 1 watt; equivalent to the potential difference across a resistance of 1 ohm when 1 ampere of current flows through it;  a soft silvery white toxic metallic element used in steel alloys; it occurs in several complex minerals including carnotite and vanadinite
  • Vaccines hepatitis.
  • Vaccinia   noun a local infection induced in humans by inoculation with the virus causing cowpox in order to confer resistance to smallpox; normally lasts three weeks and leaves a pitted scar;  a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
  • Vagina   noun the lower part of the female reproductive tract; a moist canal in female mammals extending from the labia minora to the uterus
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • Vaginal smear   noun smear taken from the vaginal mucosa for cytological analysis
  • Vaginitis   noun inflammation of the vagina (usually associated with candidiasis)
  • monilial.
  • Valvular deformities.
  • Valvulitis rheumatic.
  • van den Bergh diazo reaction.
  • Vanillyl mandellic acid.
  • VMA.
  • Varicella zoster infection.
  • Varices.
  • Varicocele   noun dilatation of the veins associated with the spermatic cord in the testes
  • Varicosities.
  • Variola   noun a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
  • Vasa recta.
  • Vasa vasora.
  • Vascular purpuras.
  • Vascular permeability.
  • alterations of.
  • mechanisms of.
  • Vascularumours.
  • Vasculitis   noun inflammation of a blood vessel
  • allergic   adj. having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor);  characterized by or caused by allergy
  • hypersensitvity.
  • leucocytoclastic.
  • lymphocytic   adj. of or relating to lymphocytes
  • Vasoactive amines.
  • INDEX   noun the finger next to the thumb;  an alphabetical listing of names and topics along with page numbers where they are discussed;  a number or ratio (a value on a scale of measurement) derived from a series of observed facts; can reveal relative changes as a function of time;  a numerical scale used to compare variables with one another or with some reference number;  a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself;  verb adjust through indexation;  provide with an index;  list in an index
  • Vasopressin   noun hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitressin) and also by nerve endings in the hypothalamus; affects blood pressure by stimulating capillary muscles and reduces urine flow by affecting reabsorption of water by kidney tubules
  • VDRL.
  • Vegetations distinguishingeatures of.
  • Veins.
  • normal structure of.
  • varicose   adj. abnormally swollen or knotty
  • Vena caval syndrome.
  • Venous congestion.
  • Ventricular hypertrophy.
  • Ventricular septal defect   noun a common congenital heart defect; an abnormal opening in the septum dividing the ventricles allows blood to pass directly from the left to the right ventricle; large openings may cause congestive heart failure
  • VSD.
  • Verocay bodies.
  • Verrucae.
  • Verrucous carcinoma.
  • Vesalius   noun a Flemish surgeon who is considered the father of modern anatomy (1514 1564)
  • Vesico ureteric reflux.
  • Vessels.
  • tumour andumour like lesions of.
  • Villonodularenosynovitis.
  • Villous atrophy.
  • Vimentin.
  • Vincent.
  • s angina.
  • Viral diseases.
  • Viral hepatitis   noun hepatitis caused by a virus
  • also see under Hepatitis viral.
  • Viral oncogenesis.
  • DNA   noun (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information
  • RNA   noun (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell
  • Virchow cells.
  • Virchow   noun German pathologist who recognized that all cells come from cells by binary fission and who emphasized cellular abnormalities in disease (1821 1902)
  • s node.
  • Virchow   noun German pathologist who recognized that all cells come from cells by binary fission and who emphasized cellular abnormalities in disease (1821 1902)
  • s sign.
  • Virchow Robin space.
  • Virchow Rudolf.
  • Virilism adrenal.
  • Virtual microscopy.
  • Viruses and human cancer.
  • Viruses diseases caused by.
  • Vital reaction.
  • Vital staining.
  • Vitalismheory of.
  • Vitamins disorders of.
  • A   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen;  the 1st letter of the Roman alphabet;  the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a metric unit of length equal to one ten billionth of a meter (or 0.0001 micron); used to specify wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation;  (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  any of several fat soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • B   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • B   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • B   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • B   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • B   noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen;  the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet;  aerobic rod shaped spore producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil;  (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter;  a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels;  a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder;  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • B complex   noun originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • B metabolism.
  • biotin   noun a B vitamin that aids in body growth
  • C   noun the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet;  (music) the keynote of the scale of C major;  a general purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system;  street names for cocaine;  a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second;  a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature;  an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine;  one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose);  the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second
  • choline   noun a B complex vitamin that is a constituent of lecithin; essential in the metabolism of fat
  • D   noun the 4th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a fat soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • E   noun the 5th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the base of the natural system of logarithms; approximately equal to 2.718282...;  the cardinal compass point that is at 90 degrees;  a radioactive transuranic element produced by bombarding plutonium with neutrons;  a fat soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • fat soluble   adj. soluble in fats
  • flavonoids.
  • folate   noun a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • folate metabolism.
  • K   noun street names for ketamine;  the 11th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of information equal to one thousand (1024) bytes; the basic unit of thermodynamic temperature adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites;  a light soft silver white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • niacin   noun a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
  • water soluble   adj. soluble in water
  • Vitellointestinal duct.
  • Vitiligo   noun an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin (often surrounded by a heavily pigmented border)
  • Vocal nodules.
  • Volkman.
  • s ischaemic.
  • contracture   noun an abnormal and usually permanent contraction of a muscle
  • Volvulus   noun abnormal twisting of the intestines (usually in the are of the ileum or sigmoid colon) resulting in intestinal obstruction
  • von Gierke.
  • s disease.
  • von Hippel Lindau syndrome.
  • von Kossa stain.
  • von Recklinghausen.
  • s disease.
  • von Willebrand   noun Finnish physician who first described vascular hemophilia (1870 1949)
  • s disease.
  • Vulva   noun external parts of the female genitalia
  • normal structure of.
  • tumours of.
  • W   noun the 23rd letter of the Roman alphabet;  a unit of power equal to 1 joule per second; the power dissipated by a current of 1 ampere flowing across a resistance of 1 ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is a 270 degrees;  a heavy grey white metallic element; the pure form is used mainly in electrical applications; it is found in several ores including wolframite and scheelite
  • Waldenstrom.
  • s   noun the 19th letter of the Roman alphabet;  (thermodynamics) a thermodynamic quantity representing the amount of energy in a system that is no longer available for doing mechanical work;  a unit of conductance equal to the reciprocal of an ohm;  the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees;  an abundant tasteless odorless multivalent nonmetallic element; best known in yellow crystals; occurs in many sulphide and sulphate minerals and even in native form (especially in volcanic regions);  1/60 of a minute; the basic unit of time adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • macroglobulinaemia.
  • Wallerian degeneration.
  • Walthard cell rests.
  • Warthin.
  • sumour.
  • Warts.
  • Wassermann reaction.
  • Water soluble vitamins.
  • Waterotal body.
  • deficiency of.
  • dehydration   noun the process of extracting moisture;  depletion of bodily fluids;  dryness resulting from the removal of water
  • excess of.
  • overhydration.
  • Watershed   noun a ridge of land that separates two adjacent river systems;  an event marking a unique or important historical change of course or one on which important developments depend
  • border zone.
  • infarcts brain.
  • Watson Crick.
  • Wax D.
  • Wear andear pigment.
  • Webs oesophageal.
  • Wegener   noun German geophysicist who proposed the theory of continental drift (1880 1930)
  • s granulomatosis.
  • limitedorm.
  • Weights and measurements.
  • normal organs.
  • Wermer.
  • s syndrome.
  • Wernicke   noun German neurologist best known for his studies of aphasia (1848 1905)
  • s encephalopathy.
  • Wetixed versus air dried smear.
  • Wheal   noun a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip); characteristic of many allergic reactions
  • Whipple.
  • s disease.
  • White blood cells diseases of.
  • White lesions.
  • Whooping cough   noun a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
  • Wilms.
  • umour.
  • Wilson   noun a peak in the San Juan mountains of Colorado (14,246 feet high);  28th President of the United States; led the United States in World War I and secured the formation of the League of Nations (1856 1924);  United States literary critic (1895 1972);  Scottish physicist who invented the cloud chamber (1869 1959);  United States entomologist who has generalized from social insects to other animals including humans (born in 1929);  American Revolutionary leader who was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence (1742 1798);  Canadian geophysicist who was a pioneer in the study of plate tectonics (1908 1993);  United States physicist honored for his work on cosmic microwave radiation (born in 1918);  Scottish ornithologist in the United States (1766 1813); English writer of novels and short stories (1913 1991);  author of the first novel by an African American that was published in the United States (1808 1870)
  • s disease.
  • Wilmut Ian.
  • Wintrobe MM.
  • Wolffian cyst.
  • Workingormulationor clinical usage.
  • Wound   adj. put in a coil;  noun the act of inflicting a wound;  a casualty to military personnel resulting from combat;  a figurative injury (to your feelings or pride);  any break in the skin or an organ caused by violence or surgical incision;  verb cause injuries or bodily harm to;  hurt the feelings of
  • complications of.
  • contraction of.
  • healing of.
  • strength   noun the property of being physically or mentally strong; the condition of financial success;  capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects;  physical energy or intensity; permanence by virtue of the power to resist stress or force;  the amount of energy transmitted (as by acoustic or electromagnetic radiation);  an asset of special worth or utility;  the power to induce the taking of a course of action or the embracing of a point of view by means of argument or entreaty;  capability in terms of personnel and materiel that affect the capacity to fight a war
  • Woven bone callus.
  • Wry neck.
  • Wuchereria bancrofti.
  • X   noun the 24th letter of the Roman alphabet;  street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • X chromosome   noun the sex chromosome that is present in both sexes: singly in males and doubly in females
  • X linked disorders.
  • X ray crystallography.
  • Xanthelasma   noun xanthoma of the eyelids; occurs chiefly in the elderly
  • Xanthine stones.
  • Xanthofibroma.
  • Xanthogranuloma.
  • Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis.
  • Xanthomas.
  • Xenograft   noun tissue from an animal of one species used as a temporary graft (as in cases of severe burns) on an individual of another species
  • Xeroderma pigmentosum   noun a rare genetic condition characterized by an eruption of exposed skin occurring in childhood and photosensitivity with severe sunburn; inherited as a recessive autosomal trait in which DNA repair processes are defective so they are more likely to chromosome breaks and cancers when exposed to ultraviolet light
  • Xerophthalmia   noun abnormal dryness of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eyes; may be due to a systemic deficiency of vitamin A
  • Xerostomia   noun abnormal dryness of the mouth resulting from decreased secretion of saliva
  • Y   noun the 25th letter of the Roman alphabet;  a silvery metallic element that is common in rare earth minerals; used in magnesium and aluminum alloys
  • Y chromatin.
  • Yellow atrophy acute.
  • Yellowever.
  • Yolk sacumour.
  • ovary   noun (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone;  the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • testis   noun one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • Z   noun the 26th letter of the Roman alphabet;  the ending of a series or sequence
  • Zahn infarct of.
  • lines of.
  • Zarda.
  • Zeiss glands.
  • Zenker.
  • s degeneration.
  • Zenker.
  • sluid.
  • Ziehl Neelsen staining.
  • Zollinger Ellison syndrome.
  • Zonal necrosis liver.
  • Zones hepatic lobules.
  • Zonula adherens.
  • Zonula occludens.
  • Zoster virus infection.

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