The term metabolism refers to all the physical and chemical and bioligic processes in the body that use energy, such as:
- Breathing or Respiration
- Beating of the heart
- Circulating blood
- Controlling body temperature
- Contracting muscles
- Digesting food and nutrients
- Basic functions of each cell in the body
Basal metabolic rate
Basal metabolic rate or BMR, refers to the amount of energy needed for a person to not lose weight or gain weight.
A metabolic disorder or disorder of metabolism occurs when certain hormones or other processes interfere with the normal metabolism of the body. Due to metabolic disorders, you might have too much of some substances or too little of other ones that you need to stay healthy.
One of the most important metabolic disorder is metabolic syndrome, also called prediabetes. If not controlled or reversed, this can lead to type 2 diabetes due to a process called insulin resistance
Acquire metabolic disorders
Genetic disorders of metabolism
- Acid Lipase Disease
- Barth Syndrome
- Central Pontine Myelinolysis
- Farber's Disease
- Hunter Syndrome
- Hurler Syndrome
- Learning about Trimethylaminuria
- Lesch-Nyhan Syndrome
- Lipid Storage Diseases
Also available in Spanish
- Lipid Storage Diseases
- Metabolic Diseases of Muscle
- Metabolic Myopathies
- Mitochondrial Myopathies
- Mitochondrial Myopathies
- Pompe Disease
- Type I Glycogen Storage Disease
- Urea Cycle Disease such as Hyperoxaluria and Oxalosis
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Many hormones, medications, nutritional status, growth status, age, gender, temperature and other factors influence a person. An often misunderstood aspect of weight gain that affects our metabolism is the anabolic role of insulin.
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