Otolaryngology

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Otolaryngology is the branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head & neck disorders. The full name of the specialty is otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. Practitioners are called otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, or sometimes otorhinolaryngologists (ORL). A somewhat outdated, but nevertheless commonly used, term for this speciality is ENT (ear, nose and throat).

Explanation

Otolaryngologists are medical doctors who complete at least five years of surgical residency training (one year in general surgery, four years in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery). Following residency training, some otolaryngologists elect to complete advanced subspeciality fellowships which are usually one or two years in duration. As with all medical fellowships, acceptance is highly competitive.

Subspecialties

Head and Neck Facial plastics Otology Neuro-otology Rhinosinusology Laryngology Pediatrics
Surgical oncology Facial cosmetics Ear Middle and inner ear Sinusitis Voice therapy VeloPalatine-Insufficiency
Reconstruction Maxillofacial Hearing Temporal bone Allergy Phono-surgery Cleft Lip and Palate
Endocrine surgery Trauma Skull base Anterior skull base Airway
Dizziness Apnea and snoring Vascular Malformations
Cochlear Implant/BAHA

Topics in Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery

General Otolaryngology

Head and Neck/Reconstructive Surgery

Otology/Neuro-Otology

Rhinosinusology/Skull Base

Pediatrics

Laryngology

Trauma/Facial Plastics

Societies

External links


Health science - Medicine
Anesthesiology - Dermatology - Emergency Medicine - General practice - Intensive care medicine - Internal medicine - Neurology - Obstetrics & Gynecology - Pediatrics - Podiatry - Public Health & Occupational Medicine - Psychiatry - Radiology - Surgery
Branches of Internal medicine
Cardiology - Endocrinology - Gastroenterology - Hematology - Infectious diseases - Nephrology - Oncology - Pulmonology - Rheumatology
Branches of Surgery
General surgery - Cardiothoracic surgery - Neurosurgery - Ophthalmology - Orthopedic surgery - Otolaryngology (ENT) - Plastic surgery - Podiatric surgery - Urology - Vascular surgery