Outline of nutrition

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The following outline is provided as an overview of and a topical guide to nutrition:

Nutrition (also called nutrition science) studies the relationship between diet and states of health and disease. The scope of nutrition science ranges from malnutrition to optimal health. Many common symptoms and diseases can often be prevented or alleviated with better nutrition.

Essence of nutrition

Main article: Nutrition

Branches of nutrition

History of nutrition

Main article: History of nutrition








Amino acids


Saturated fats
Monounsaturated fats
Polyunsaturated fats
Essential fatty acids
Other fats
Fat substitutes


Dietary fiber
Sugar substitutes
  • Artificial sugar substitutes
    • Acesulfame-K
    • Acesulfame potassium – 200× sweetness (by weight), Nutrinova, E950, FDA approved 2003
    • Alitame – 2,000× sweetness (by weight), Pfizer, pending FDA approval
    • Aspartame – 160–200× sweetness (by weight), NutraSweet, E951, FDA approved 1981
    • Cyclamate – 30× sweetness (by weight), Abbott, E952, FDA banned 1969, pending re-approval
    • Dulcin – 250× sweetness (by weight), FDA banned 1950
    • Neohesperidine dihydrochalcone – 1,500× sweetness (by weight), E959
    • Neotame – 8,000× sweetness (by weight), NutraSweet, FDA approved 2002
    • P-4000 – 4,000× sweetness (by weight), FDA banned 1950
    • Saccharin – 300× sweetness (by weight), E954, FDA approved 1958
    • Sucralose – 600× sweetness (by weight), Tate & Lyle, FDA approved 1998
  • Natural sugar substitutes
    • Brazzein – Protein, 2,000× sweetness of sucrose (by weight), Exxx
    • Curculin – Protein, 550× sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Erythritol – 0.7× sweetness (by weight), 14× sweetness of sucrose (by food energy), 0.05× energy density of sucrose
    • Fructose
    • Glycyrrhizin – 50× sweetness (by weight)
    • Glycerol – 0.6× sweetness (by weight), 0.55× sweetness (by food energy), 1.075× energy density, E422
    • Hydrogenated starch hydrolysates – 0.4–0.9× sweetness (by weight), 0.5–1.2× sweetness (by food energy), 0.75× energy density
    • Isomalt – 0.45–0.65× sweetness (by weight), 0.9–1.3× sweetness (by food energy), 0.5× energy density, E953
    • Lactitol – 0.4× sweetness (by weight), 0.8× sweetness (by food energy), 0.5× energy density, E966
    • Mabinlin – Protein, 100× sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Maltitol – 0.9× sweetness (by weight), 1.7× sweetness (by food energy), 0.525× energy density, E965
    • Mannitol – 0.5× sweetness (by weight), 1.2× sweetness (by food energy), 0.4× energy density, E421
    • Miraculin – Protein, n× sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Monellin – Protein, 3,000× sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Pentadin – Protein, 500× sweetness (by weight), Exxx
    • Sorbitol – 0.6× sweetness (by weight), 0.9× sweetness (by food energy), 0.65× energy density, E420
    • Stevia – 250× sweetness (by weight)
    • Tagatose – 0.92× sweetness (by weight), 2.4× sweetness (by food energy), 0.38× energy density
    • Thaumatin – Protein, 2,000× sweetness (by weight), E957
    • Xylitol – 1.0× sweetness (by weight), 1.7× sweetness (by food energy), 0.6× energy density, E967






Organic acids


Pyramid groups

Qualities of food

General nutrition concepts

Diets and dieting

Nutrition problems


Behavioral problems

Nutrition politics


Nutrition scholars

Nutrition lists

See also




Featured disease - metabolic syndrome is a cluster of medical problems that raises your risk for heart disease and other health problems, such as diabetes and stroke. Affecting about 35 percent of all adults in the United States according to the CDC, metabolic syndrome contributes to weight gain, by causing a state of internal starvation called metabolic starvation. This in turn leads to increases hunger, sugar cravings and increased portions.

Cause and effect misunderstood

Since we traditionally thought that the portion control (which in turn was attributed wrongly to poor will power)is the cause of weight gain, rather than the effect of this metabolic starvation, all our traditional ideas about cause and effect of obesity were not only wrong but lead to the “blame the victim” attitude when it comes to obesity.

Secret of weight gain revealed

Secret of weight gain, and metabolic syndrome revealed - it has been recently proven that metabolic syndrome, and the weight gain itself are caused by a process called insulin resistance. Check your metabolic syndrome risk using the free Metabolic syndrome meter

External links


Databases and search engines

Governmental agencies and intergovernmental bodies

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Calories and Nutritional Information of Foods


Nutritional value of foods: UK Foods | US Foods | Dietary Supplements | Nutrition values of foods Portions of content adapted from Wikipedia's article on the same topic licensed under GNU FDL.

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