Difference between revisions of "Sand Box"

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== Glossary of Migraine ==
! Source: USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference 1 April 2018 Software v.3.9.5.3_2019-06-13 !!  !!  !!  !!  !!  !!
+
* '''[[abdominal migraine]]''' __ a type of migraine that mostly affects young children and involves moderate to severe abdominal pain, with little or no headache.
|-
+
 
! Basic Report
+
* '''[[arteriovenous malformation]]''' __ a tangle of veins and arteries that can disrupt the normal flow of blood and are frequently associated with episodic headache. A catastrophic stroke may occur when an arteriovenous malformation in the skull bursts and bleeds into surrounding brain tissue.
|  ||  ||  ||  ||  ||
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[aura]]''' __ a warning of a migraine headache. Usually visual, it may appear as flashing lights, zigzag lines, or a temporary loss of vision, along with numbness or trouble speaking.
! Report Run at: June 20 2019 17:09 EDT
+
 
|  ||  ||  ||  ||  ||
+
* '''[[autonomic]]''' __ occurring involuntary. The autonomic nervous system has many functions, including control of pupil size, eyelid droop, heart rate, breathing rate, digestion, perspiration, and elimination of body waste. Autonomic dysfunction is frequently associated with various types of migraine.
|-
+
 
! Nutrient data for: Zwieback
+
* '''[[basilar-type migraine]]''' __ a type of migraine, occurring primarily in young women, causing symptoms of abnormal brain stem functioning such as double vision, loss of peripheral vision, numbness, imbalance, or loss of consciousness.
|  ||  ||  ||  ||  ||
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[benign intracranial hypertension]]''' __ increased pressure within the brain that causes severe headaches. It can be caused by being overweight, clotting in the major cerebral veins or from certain medications (including some antibiotics, human growth hormone replacement, and vitamin A and related compounds). 
! Nutrient
+
 
| Unit || 1Value per 100 g || 1 oz = 28.35g || 1 piece = 7.0g || 1 rusk = 10.0g || 1 toast, Gerber Zwieback = 7.0g
+
* '''[[cephalgia]]''' __ head pain.
|-
+
 
! Proximates
+
* '''[[cervicogenic headache]]''' __ a type of headache caused by structural irregularities in either the neck or head.
|  ||  ||  ||  ||  ||
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[chronic headache]]''' __ headache that occurs 15 or more days a month over a 3-month period.
! Water
+
 
| g || 4.5 || 1.28 || 0.32 || 0.45 || 0.32
+
* '''[[cluster headache]]''' __ sudden, extremely painful headaches that occur in a closely grouped pattern several times a day and at the same times over a period of weeks.
|-
+
 
! Energy
+
* '''[[computed tomography (CT)]]''' __ a type of diagnostic imaging that uses X-rays and computer technology to produce two-dimensional images of organs, bones, and tissues.
| kcal || 426 || 121 || 30 || 43 || 30
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[cortical spreading depression]]''' __ a wave of increased brain activity that slowly spreads from the back toward the front of the brain’s surface and may be the basis for migraine aura.
! Protein
+
 
| g || 10.1 || 2.86 || 0.71 || 1.01 || 0.71
+
* '''[[electroencephalogram (EEG)]]''' __ a test to record electrical brain waves.
|-
+
 
! Total lipid (fat)
+
* '''[[episodic]]''' __ comes and goes.
| g || 9.7 || 2.75 || 0.68 || 0.97 || 0.68
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[ergot derivative drugs]]''' __ drugs that bind to the neurotransmitter receptor for serotonin and help to decrease the transmission of pain messages along nerve fibers.
! Carbohydrate, by difference
+
 
| g || 74.2 || 21.04 || 5.19 || 7.42 || 5.19
+
* '''[[hemicrania continua]]''' __ one-sided headaches that are chronic or continuous and respond to indomethacin treatment.
|-
+
 
! Fiber, total dietary
+
* '''[[hemiplegic migraine]]''' __ a type of migraine causing temporary paralysis on one side of the body.
| g || 2.5 || 0.7 || 0.2 || 0.2 || 0.2
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[hypnic headache]]''' __ a rare form of headache that awakens individuals at night (also called “alarm-clock headache”).
! Sugars, total
+
 
| g || 12.5 || 3.54 || 0.88 || 1.25 || 0.88
+
* '''[[ice cream headache]]''' __ a painful headache brought on by changes in blood flow that result from a sudden chilling of the roof of the mouth.
|-
+
 
! Minerals
+
* '''[[ischemic stroke]]''' __ stroke caused by a clot that blocks blood flow to the brain.
|  ||  ||  ||  ||  ||
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[low CSF pressure headache]]''' __ a headache due to a leak of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) following removal of a small sample of the fluid for testing, or caused by an internal spinal fluid leak . 
! Calcium, Ca
+
 
| mg || 20 || 6 || 1 || 2 || 1
+
* '''[[magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)]]''' __ a diagnostic imaging test that uses magnetic fields, radio waves, and computer technology to produce detailed images of body structures.
|-
+
 
! Iron, Fe
+
* '''[[medication overuse headache]]''' __ caused by the overuse of drugs (more than 3 times weekly) to treat headache. While the medication may help to relieve the headaches temporarily, over time the underlying headache becomes worse and occurs more frequently, creating a vicious cycle of medication use and head pain. The pain improves when the medication is stopped.
| mg || 0.6 || 0.17 || 0.04 || 0.06 || 0.04
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[meninges]]''' __ the three layers of membrane that cover the brain and spinal cord.
! Magnesium, Mg
+
 
| mg || 14 || 4 || 1 || 1 || 1
+
* '''[[menstrually-related migraine]]''' __ a migraine that affects women around the time of their period.
|-
+
 
! Phosphorus, P
+
* '''[[migraine]]''' __ headaches that are usually pulsing or throbbing and occur on one or both sides of the head. They are moderate to severe in intensity, associated with nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and noise, and worsen with routine physical activity.
| mg || 55 || 16 || 4 || 6 || 4
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[new daily persistent headache]]''' __ a type of treatment-resistant chronic headache marked by daily pain that can last for years.
! Potassium, K
+
 
| mg || 305 || 86 || 21 || 30 || 21
+
* '''[[nociceptors]]''' __ nerve fiber endings that receive and transmit pain signals.
|-
+
 
! Sodium, Na
+
* '''[[paroxysmal hemicrania]]''' __ a rare form of headache that usually begins in adulthood and is marked by one-sided attacks that typically occur 5 to 40 times a day.
| mg || 227 || 64 || 16 || 23 || 16
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[postdrome]]''' __ the period following the headache.
! Zinc, Zn
+
 
| mg || 0.54 || 0.15 || 0.04 || 0.05 || 0.04
+
* '''[[premonitory]]''' __ meaning before. Some individuals with migraine experience premonitory symptoms up to 24 hours prior to headache pain.
|-
+
 
! Vitamins
+
* '''[[primary exertional headache]]''' __ headache brought on by fits of coughing or sneezing, or by intense physical activity such as running or lifting.
|  ||  ||  ||  ||  ||
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[primary headaches]]''' __ headaches that occurs on their own with no detectable underlying cause, such as migraine, tension-type headache, and the trigeminal autonomic cephalgias.
! Vitamin C, total ascorbic acid
+
 
| mg || 5.3 || 1.5 || 0.4 || 0.5 || 0.4
+
* '''[[primary stabbing headache]]''' __ also called “ice pick headache” or “jabs and jolts” headache for its extremely intense pain that develops suddenly and generally lasts 1 to 10 seconds.
|-
+
 
! Thiamin
+
* '''[[retinal migraine]]''' __ a type of migraine that is characterized by attacks of visual loss or disturbances in one eye.
| mg || 0.208 || 0.059 || 0.015 || 0.021 || 0.015
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome]]''' __ a narrowing of the arteries in the brain that can be accompanied by sudden, “thunderclap” headache.  It can occur during pregnancy and with the use of vasoactive drugs.
! Riboflavin
+
 
| mg || 0.239 || 0.068 || 0.017 || 0.024 || 0.017
+
* '''[[secondary headaches]]''' __ headaches that are caused by an underlying condition or disease.
|-
+
 
! Niacin
+
* '''[[serotonin]]''' __ a neurotransmitter present throughout the body and brain that plays an important role in headache and migraine, mood disorders, regulating body temperature, sleep, vomiting, sexuality, and appetite.
| mg || 1.319 || 0.374 || 0.092 || 0.132 || 0.092
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[status migrainosus]]''' __ migraine lasting more than 72 hours.
! Vitamin B-6
+
 
| mg || 0.082 || 0.023 || 0.006 || 0.008 || 0.006
+
* '''[[SUNCT]]''' (Short-lasting, Unilateral, Neuralgiform headache attacks with Conjunctival injection and Tearing) __ a rare form of headache marked by brief recurrent bursts of moderate to severe burning, stabbing, or throbbing pain, usually on one side of the head and around the eye or temple, accompanied by symptoms including watery, reddish eyes, and  runny nose.
|-
+
 
! Folate, DFE
+
* '''[[tension-type headache]]''' __ a primary headache that is band-like or squeezing and does not worsen with routine activity.  It may be brought on by stress.
| µg || 134 || 38 || 9 || 13 || 9
+
 
|-
+
* '''[[trigeminal neuralgia]]''' __ a chronic pain condition that causes extreme, sporadic, sudden burning or shock-like face pain that lasts anywhere from a few seconds to as long as two minutes per episode.
! Vitamin B-12
+
 
| µg || 0 || 0 || 0 || 0 || 0
+
* '''[[trigger]]''' __ something that brings about a disease or condition.
|-
+
 
! Vitamin A, RAE
+
* '''[[triptans]]''' __ a family of drugs used to treat migraines and cluster headaches by preventing or stopping nerve tissue inflammation and resulting changes in blood vessels.
| µg || 16 || 5 || 1 || 2 || 1
 
|-
 
! Vitamin A, IU
 
| IU || 58 || 16 || 4 || 6 || 4
 
|-
 
! Vitamin E (alpha-tocopherol)
 
| mg || 2.44 || 0.69 || 0.17 || 0.24 || 0.17
 
|-
 
! Vitamin D (D2 + D3)
 
| µg || 0 || 0 || 0 || 0 || 0
 
|-
 
! Vitamin D
 
| IU || 0 || 0 || 0 || 0 || 0
 
|-
 
! Vitamin K (phylloquinone)
 
| µg || 0.9 || 0.3 || 0.1 || 0.1 || 0.1
 
|-
 
! Lipids
 
|  ||  ||  ||  ||  ||
 
|-
 
! Fatty acids, total saturated
 
| g || 2.525 || 0.716 || 0.177 || 0.253 || 0.177
 
|-
 
! Fatty acids, total monounsaturated
 
| g || 4.244 || 1.203 || 0.297 || 0.424 || 0.297
 
|-
 
! Fatty acids, total polyunsaturated
 
| g || 2.073 || 0.588 || 0.145 || 0.207 || 0.145
 
|-
 
! Fatty acids, total trans
 
| g || 0.012 || 0.003 || 0.001 || 0.001 || 0.001
 
|-
 
! Cholesterol
 
| mg || 8 || 2 || 1 || 1 || 1
 
|-
 
! Amino Acids
 
|  ||  ||  ||  ||  ||
 
|-
 
! Other
 
|  ||  ||  ||  ||  ||
 
|-
 
! Caffeine
 
| mg || 0 || 0 || 0 || 0 || 0
 
|}
 

Revision as of 21:15, 13 July 2019

Glossary of Migraine

  • abdominal migraine __ a type of migraine that mostly affects young children and involves moderate to severe abdominal pain, with little or no headache.
  • arteriovenous malformation __ a tangle of veins and arteries that can disrupt the normal flow of blood and are frequently associated with episodic headache. A catastrophic stroke may occur when an arteriovenous malformation in the skull bursts and bleeds into surrounding brain tissue.
  • aura __ a warning of a migraine headache. Usually visual, it may appear as flashing lights, zigzag lines, or a temporary loss of vision, along with numbness or trouble speaking.
  • autonomic __ occurring involuntary. The autonomic nervous system has many functions, including control of pupil size, eyelid droop, heart rate, breathing rate, digestion, perspiration, and elimination of body waste. Autonomic dysfunction is frequently associated with various types of migraine.
  • basilar-type migraine __ a type of migraine, occurring primarily in young women, causing symptoms of abnormal brain stem functioning such as double vision, loss of peripheral vision, numbness, imbalance, or loss of consciousness.
  • benign intracranial hypertension __ increased pressure within the brain that causes severe headaches. It can be caused by being overweight, clotting in the major cerebral veins or from certain medications (including some antibiotics, human growth hormone replacement, and vitamin A and related compounds). 
  • cervicogenic headache __ a type of headache caused by structural irregularities in either the neck or head.
  • chronic headache __ headache that occurs 15 or more days a month over a 3-month period.
  • cluster headache __ sudden, extremely painful headaches that occur in a closely grouped pattern several times a day and at the same times over a period of weeks.
  • computed tomography (CT) __ a type of diagnostic imaging that uses X-rays and computer technology to produce two-dimensional images of organs, bones, and tissues.
  • cortical spreading depression __ a wave of increased brain activity that slowly spreads from the back toward the front of the brain’s surface and may be the basis for migraine aura.
  • ergot derivative drugs __ drugs that bind to the neurotransmitter receptor for serotonin and help to decrease the transmission of pain messages along nerve fibers.
  • hemicrania continua __ one-sided headaches that are chronic or continuous and respond to indomethacin treatment.
  • hypnic headache __ a rare form of headache that awakens individuals at night (also called “alarm-clock headache”).
  • ice cream headache __ a painful headache brought on by changes in blood flow that result from a sudden chilling of the roof of the mouth.
  • ischemic stroke __ stroke caused by a clot that blocks blood flow to the brain.
  • low CSF pressure headache __ a headache due to a leak of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) following removal of a small sample of the fluid for testing, or caused by an internal spinal fluid leak . 
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) __ a diagnostic imaging test that uses magnetic fields, radio waves, and computer technology to produce detailed images of body structures.
  • medication overuse headache __ caused by the overuse of drugs (more than 3 times weekly) to treat headache. While the medication may help to relieve the headaches temporarily, over time the underlying headache becomes worse and occurs more frequently, creating a vicious cycle of medication use and head pain. The pain improves when the medication is stopped.
  • meninges __ the three layers of membrane that cover the brain and spinal cord.
  • migraine __ headaches that are usually pulsing or throbbing and occur on one or both sides of the head. They are moderate to severe in intensity, associated with nausea, vomiting, sensitivity to light and noise, and worsen with routine physical activity.
  • nociceptors __ nerve fiber endings that receive and transmit pain signals.
  • paroxysmal hemicrania __ a rare form of headache that usually begins in adulthood and is marked by one-sided attacks that typically occur 5 to 40 times a day.
  • postdrome __ the period following the headache.
  • premonitory __ meaning before. Some individuals with migraine experience premonitory symptoms up to 24 hours prior to headache pain.
  • primary exertional headache __ headache brought on by fits of coughing or sneezing, or by intense physical activity such as running or lifting.
  • primary headaches __ headaches that occurs on their own with no detectable underlying cause, such as migraine, tension-type headache, and the trigeminal autonomic cephalgias.
  • primary stabbing headache __ also called “ice pick headache” or “jabs and jolts” headache for its extremely intense pain that develops suddenly and generally lasts 1 to 10 seconds.
  • retinal migraine __ a type of migraine that is characterized by attacks of visual loss or disturbances in one eye.
  • serotonin __ a neurotransmitter present throughout the body and brain that plays an important role in headache and migraine, mood disorders, regulating body temperature, sleep, vomiting, sexuality, and appetite.
  • SUNCT (Short-lasting, Unilateral, Neuralgiform headache attacks with Conjunctival injection and Tearing) __ a rare form of headache marked by brief recurrent bursts of moderate to severe burning, stabbing, or throbbing pain, usually on one side of the head and around the eye or temple, accompanied by symptoms including watery, reddish eyes, and  runny nose.
  • tension-type headache __ a primary headache that is band-like or squeezing and does not worsen with routine activity.  It may be brought on by stress.
  • trigeminal neuralgia __ a chronic pain condition that causes extreme, sporadic, sudden burning or shock-like face pain that lasts anywhere from a few seconds to as long as two minutes per episode.
  • trigger __ something that brings about a disease or condition.
  • triptans __ a family of drugs used to treat migraines and cluster headaches by preventing or stopping nerve tissue inflammation and resulting changes in blood vessels.