WikiMD:How to edit a page

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wikimd-specific introduction

wikimd is a WikiWiki, meaning that anyone can easily edit any unprotected article and have those changes posted immediately. This page is the reference for Wiki markup. You may also want to learn about:

Custom messages

In order to avoid repeated typing, it is possible to store junks of text as a custom message which will automatically be filled in by the server. Learn more about Custom messages.

Then type away, write a short edit summary on the small field below the edit-box and when finished press "Save"! You can also preview your changes before saving if you like. Depending on your system, pressing Enter while the edit box is not active (there is no typing cursor in it) may have the same effect as pressing Save.

If during editing you want to see the current version again, open "Cancel" in a new window. This does not cancel your edit.

Please use a neutral point of view, and please cite your sources so others can check and extend your work.

It is often more convenient to copy and paste the text first into your favorite text editor, edit and spell check there, and then paste back into the browser to preview. This way, you can also keep a local backup copy of the pages you authored so that you can make changes offline. Some text editors can be specially adapted to edit wikimd articles: see wikimd:syntax highlighting.

After making a new page, it's a good idea to

  • With your page displayed, use What links here to check that articles already link to it, and make sure that they are all expecting the same meaning that you have supplied;
  • Use the Search button to launch a Google search of wikimd for your topic title (and possibly variants), to find articles that mention it, and make links from them if appropriate;
  • Check for corresponding articles in the wikimds of other languages that you can read.

Minor edits

See also wikimd:Minor edit

When editing a page, a logged-in user can mark that edit as "minor". Minor edits generally mean spelling corrections, formatting, and minor rearranging of text. It is possible to hide minor edits when viewing wikimd:Recent Changes. Marking a real change as a minor edit is considered bad behavior, and even more so if it involves the deletion of some text. If one has accidentally marked an edit as minor, make another edit (add an extra space between two words, or a line break), mark it major, and say "the previous edit was major" in the summary.

The wiki markup

In the left column of the table below, you can see what effects are possible. In the right column, you can see how those effects were achieved. In other words, to make text look like it looks in the left column, type it in the format you see in the right column.

You may want to keep this page open in a separate browser window for reference. If you want to try out things without danger of doing any harm, you can do so in the Sandbox.


The rest of this page is deprecated but will be updated periodically.
Please direct edits to the Meta-wikimd version of this page

Sections, paragraphs, lists and lines

What it looks like What you type

Start your sections as follows:





New section

Subsection

Sub-subsection



== New section ==

=== Subsection ===

==== Sub-subsection ====

A single newline has no effect on the layout. These can be used to separate sentences within a paragraph. Some editors find that this aids editing and improves the diff function.

But an empty line starts a new paragraph.

A single [[newline]]
has no effect on the layout. 
These can be used to separate
sentences within a paragraph.
Some editors find that this aids editing
and improves the ''diff'' function.

But an empty line
starts a new paragraph.
You can break lines
without starting a new paragraph.
You can break lines<br>
without starting a new paragraph.
  • Lists are easy to do:
    • start every line with a star
      • more stars means deeper levels
* Lists are easy to do:
** start every line with a star
*** more stars means deeper levels

  1. Numbered lists are also good
    1. very organized
    2. easy to follow
# Numbered lists are also good
## very organized
## easy to follow
  • You can even do mixed lists
    1. and nest them
      • like this
* You can even do mixed lists
*# and nest them
*#* like this
Definition list 
list of definitions
item 
the item's definition
; Definition list : list of definitions
; item : the item's definition
  • One item per line, no hard NEWLINE.
A colon indents a line or paragraph.

A manual newline starts a new paragraph.

  • This is primarily for displayed material, but is also used for discussion on Talk pages.
: A colon indents a line or paragraph.
A manual newline starts a new paragraph.





 IF a line starts with a space THEN
   it will be formatted exactly 
     as typed;
   in a fixed-width font;
   lines won't wrap;
 ENDIF
 this is useful for:
   * pasting preformatted text;
   * algorithm descriptions;
   * program source code;
   * [[ASCII art]] and chemical structures;

WARNING If you make it wide, you force the whole page to be wide and hence less readable, especially for people who use lower resolutions. Never start ordinary lines with spaces.

 IF a line starts with a space THEN
   it will be formatted exactly 
     as typed;
   in a fixed-width font;
   lines won't wrap;
 ENDIF
 this is useful for:
   * pasting preformatted text;
   * algorithm descriptions;
   * program source code;
   * [[ASCII art]] and chemical structures;
Centered text.
<center>Centered text.</center>
A horizontal dividing line: this is above it

and this is below it.

Mainly useful for separating threads on Talk pages.
In rare times used to disambiguate an expression without creating a separate page. </td>

A [[horizontal dividing line]]: this is above it
----
and this is below it. 

</td> </tr> </table>


Links, URLs, images

.
What it looks like What you type
London has public transport.
  • First letter of target is automatically capitalized.
  • Internally spaces are automatically represented as underscores (typing an underscore has the same effect as typing a space, but is not recommended).

Thus the link above is to http://www.wikimd.org/wiki/Public_transport, which is the article with the name "Public transport". See also wikimd:Canonization.

London has [[public transport]].

World Heritage Sites#New Zealand
is an example link to a section name on a page, see == headers == above.

Links to non-existent sections aren't broken, they are treated as links to the top of the page.
[[World Heritage Sites#New Zealand]]
Same target, different name:

answers.
(This is a piped link.)

Same target, different name: 
[[wikimd FAQ|answers]]
Endings are blended into the link: testing, genes
Endings are blended 
into the link: [[test]]ing, [[gene]]s

Automatically hide stuff in parentheses: kingdom.

Automatically hide namespace: Village Pump. <p>The server fills in the part after the | when you save the page. Next time you open the edit box you will see the expanded piped link. A preview interprets the abbreviated form correctly, but does not expand it yet in the edit box. Press Save and again Edit, and you will see the expanded version. The same applies for the following feature. </td>

Automatically hide stuff in parentheses:
[[kingdom (biology)|]]. 


Automatically hide namespace: 
[[wikimd:Village Pump|]].

</td></tr>

When adding a comment to a Talk page,

you should sign it. You can do this by adding three tildes for your user name:

Montrealais

or four for user name plus date/time:

Montrealais 08:10 Oct 5, 2002 (UTC)</td>
When adding a comment to a Talk page,
you should sign it. You can do this by
adding three tildes for your user name:
: ~~~
or four for user name plus date/time:
: ~~~~

</td> </tr>

The weather in London is a page that doesn't

exist yet.

  • You can create it by clicking on the link.


  • To create a new page:
    1. Create a link to it on some other page.
    2. Save that page.
    3. Click on the link you just made. The new page will open for editing.
  • Have a look at how to start a page guide and wikimd's naming conventions.
  • After creating a page, search for its title and make sure that everyone correctly links to it.

</td>

[[The weather in London]] is a page 
that doesn't exist yet.

</td> </tr>

wikimd:How to edit a page is this page.

Self links appear as bold text when the article is viewed.</td>

[[wikimd:How to edit a page]] is this page.

</td> </tr>

Redirect one article title to another by putting text like this in its first line. Note that redirects to sections do not work yet. #REDIRECT [[United States#History]] will redirect to the United States page, but not to any particular section on it. It is possible this feature will be implemented in future, so such redirects could be used now for future compatibility. </td>

#REDIRECT [[United States]]

</td> </tr>

Link to a page on the same subject in another language using a link like [[language code:Title]].

It does not matter where you put these links while editing as they always show up in the same place when you save the page, but placement at the end of the edit box is recommended. See wikimd:Interlanguage links and list of languages and codes. </td>

[[fr:Wikipédia:Aide]]</td>

</tr>

External link: Nupedia

This is an unnamed link. [1]
This is a plain URL: http://www.nupedia.com </td>

External link: 
[http://www.nupedia.com Nupedia]
This is an unnamed link. [http://www.nupedia.com]
This is a plain URL: http://www.nupedia.com

</td> </tr>

Or just give the URL: http://www.nupedia.com.
  • In the URL all symbols must be among: A-Z a-z 0-9 ._\/~%-+&#?!=()@ \x80-\xFF. If a URL contains a different character it should be converted; for example, ^ has to be written %5E (to be looked up in ASCII).

</td>


Or just give the URL: 
http://www.nupedia.com.

</td> </tr>

A picture: wikimd Encyclopedia

</td>

A picture: [[Image:logo.png]]

or, with alternate text

[[Image:Wiki.png|jigsaw globe]]

or, floating to the right side of the page and with a caption.

[[Image:Wiki.png|right|jigsaw globe]]

or, floating to the right side of the page without a caption.

[[Image:Wiki.png|right|]]

Note the extra | after the word right. This is to make sure the image floats to the right side of the page, and not so that the alternate text is "right".


More at wikimd:Extended_image_syntax. </td> </tr>

Clicking on an uploaded image displays a description page, which you can also link directly to: Image:logo.png </td>



[[:Image:logo.png]]

</td> </tr>

To include links to non-image uploads such as sounds, or to images shown as links instead of drawn on the page, use a "media" link.


Sound

Image of a Tornado </td>



[[media:Sg_mrob.ogg|Sound]]

[[media:Tornado.jpg|Image of a Tornado]]

</td></tr>

To link to books, you can use wikimd:ISBN links.

ISBN 0123456789X </td>

ISBN 0123456789X

"What links here" and "Related changes" can be linked as:

Special:Whatlinkshere/wikimd:How to edit a page and Special:Recentchangeslinked/wikimd:How to edit a page

[[Special:Whatlinkshere/wikimd:How to edit a page]] and [[Special:Recentchangeslinked/wikimd:How to edit a page]]
Use links for dates, so everyone can set their own display order. Use Special:Preferences to change your own date display setting.

</td>

[[July 20]], [[1969]] , [[20 July]] [[1969]]
and [[1969]]-[[07-20]]
will all appear as 20 July 1969 if you set your date display preference to 1 January 2001.

</td> </tr>

</table>

Character formatting

What it looks like What you type

Emphasize, strongly, very strongly.

  • These are double and triple apostrophes (single-quote marks), not double-quote marks.
  • Note that on almost all browsers, these appear as italic and bold; for semantic reasons,