Difference between revisions of "WikiMD dictionary:A-C"

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==#-A==
 
==#-A==
 
* '''[[a]]''' - noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen; the 1st letter of the Roman alphabet; the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; a metric unit of length equal to one ten billionth of a meter (or 0.0001 micron); used to specify wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation; (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA; one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose); any of several fat-soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
 
* '''[[a]]''' - noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen; the 1st letter of the Roman alphabet; the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; a metric unit of length equal to one ten billionth of a meter (or 0.0001 micron); used to specify wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation; (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA; one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose); any of several fat-soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes

Latest revision as of 02:28, 15 August 2019

A-C | D-F | G-I | J-M | N-R | S-T | U-Z

See also

MeSH

#-A

  • a - noun the blood group whose red cells carry the A antigen; the 1st letter of the Roman alphabet; the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; a metric unit of length equal to one ten billionth of a meter (or 0.0001 micron); used to specify wavelengths of electromagnetic radiation; (biochemistry) purine base found in DNA and RNA; pairs with thymine in DNA and with uracil in RNA; one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose); any of several fat-soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • action - noun something done (usually as opposed to something said); the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field; an act by a government body or supranational organization; the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism; the trait of being active and energetic and forceful; the series of events that form a plot; the state of being active; a military engagement; a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong; a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); verb institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against; put in effect
  • adolescence - noun in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood; the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood
  • aa - noun a dry form of lava resembling clinkers; an associate degree in arts; an international organization that provides a support group for persons trying to overcome alcoholism
  • ab - noun the blood group whose red cells carry both the A and B antigens; the eleventh month of the civil year; the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in July and August); the muscles of the abdomen; a bachelor's degree in arts and sciences
  • aback - adv. by surprise; having the wind against the forward side of the sails
  • abandon - noun the trait of lacking restraint or control; reckless freedom from inhibition or worry; a feeling of extreme emotional intensity; verb stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas or claims; leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch; give up with the intent of never claiming again; forsake, leave behind; leave behind empty; move out of
  • abandoned - adj. forsaken by owner or keeper; free from constraint
  • abasia - noun inability to walk
  • abate - verb become less in amount or intensity; make less active or intense
  • abatement - noun the act of abating; an interruption in the intensity or amount of something
  • abbreviated - adj. (of clothing) very short; cut short in duration
  • abc - noun the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)
  • abdomen - noun the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis; the cavity containing the major viscera; in mammals it is separated from the thorax by the diaphragm
  • abdominal - adj. of or relating to or near the abdomen; noun the muscles of the abdomen
  • abducens - noun a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye
  • abduct - verb pull away from the body; take away to an undisclosed location against their will and usually in order to extract a ransom
  • abducted - adj. (of persons) seized and detained unlawfully, often for ransom
  • abduction - noun (physiology) moving of a body part away from the central axis of the body; the criminal act of capturing and carrying away by force a family member; if a man's wife is abducted it is a crime against the family relationship and against the wife
  • abductor - noun a muscle that draws a body part away from the median line; someone who unlawfully seizes and detains a victim (usually for ransom)
  • aberdeen - noun a city in northeastern Scotland on the North Sea; a town in northeastern Maryland; a town in northeastern South Dakota; a town in western Washington
  • aberration - noun an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image; a disorder in one's mental state; a state or condition markedly different from the norm
  • abeyance - noun temporary cessation or suspension
  • ability - noun the quality of being able to perform; a quality that permits or facilitates achievement or accomplishment; possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done
  • abject - adj. showing humiliation or submissiveness; of the most contemptible kind; most unfortunate or miserable; showing utter resignation or hopelessness
  • ablative - adj. tending to ablate; i.e. to be removed or vaporized at very high temperature; relating to the ablative case; noun the case indicating the agent in passive sentences or the instrument or manner or place of the action described by the verb
  • able - adj. (usually followed by `to') having the necessary means or skill or know-how or authority to do something; having inherent physical or mental ability or capacity; have the skills and qualifications to do things well; having a strong healthy body
  • ablution - noun the ritual washing of a priest's hands or of sacred vessels
  • ably - adv. in a competent capable manner
  • abnormal - adj. much greater than the normal; not normal; not typical or usual or regular or conforming to a norm; departing from the normal in e.g. intelligence and development
  • abnormality - noun behavior that breaches the rule or etiquette or custom or morality; marked strangeness as a consequence of being abnormal; retardation sufficient to fall outside the normal range of intelligence; an abnormal condition
  • aboard - adv. on first or second or third base; on a ship, train, plane or other vehicle; part of a group; side by side
  • abolition - noun the act of abolishing a system or practice or institution (especially abolishing slavery)
  • abominable - adj. unequivocally detestable; exceptionally bad or displeasing
  • abort - noun the act of terminating a project or procedure before it is completed; verb terminate a pregnancy by undergoing an abortion; cease development, die, and be aborted; terminate before completion
  • abortifacient - adj. causing abortion; noun a drug (or other chemical agent) that causes abortion
  • abortion - noun termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan
  • abortive - adj. failing to accomplish an intended result
  • abound - verb be abundant or plentiful; exist in large quantities; be in a state of movement or action
  • about - adj. on the move; adv. in the area or vicinity; all around or on all sides; in or to a reversed position or direction; to or among many different places or in no particular direction; (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; in rotation or succession; (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
  • above - adj. appearing earlier in the same text; adv. at an earlier place; in or to a place that is higher; noun an earlier section of a written text
  • above-named - adj. mentioned or named earlier in the same text
  • abraham - noun the first of the Old Testament patriarchs and the father of Isaac; according to Genesis, God promised to give Abraham's family (the Hebrews) the land of Canaan (the Promised Land); God tested Abraham by asking him to sacrifice his son
  • abrasion - noun erosion by friction; an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off; the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
  • abreast - adj. being up to particular standard or level especially in being up to date in knowledge; adv. alongside each other, facing on the same direction
  • abridged - adj. (used of texts) shortened by condensing or rewriting
  • abroad - adj. in a foreign country; adv. to or in a foreign country; in a place across an ocean; far away from home or one's usual surroundings
  • abrogation - noun the act of abrogating; an official or legal cancellation
  • abrupt - adj. surprisingly and unceremoniously brusque in manner; exceedingly sudden and unexpected; extremely steep; marked by sudden changes in subject and sharp transitions
  • abruptly - adv. quickly and without warning
  • abruzzi - noun a mountainous region of central Italy on the Adriatic
  • abscess - noun symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
  • abscission - noun the act of cutting something off; shedding of flowers and leaves and fruit following formation of scar tissue in a plant
  • absence - noun failure to be present; the state of being absent; the time interval during which something or somebody is away; epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities)
  • absent - adj. lost in thought; showing preoccupation; not in a specified place physically or mentally; verb go away or leave
  • absinthe - noun strong green liqueur flavored with wormwood and anise; aromatic herb of temperate Eurasia and North Africa having a bitter taste used in making the liqueur absinthe
  • absolute - adj. perfect or complete or pure; not capable of being violated or infringed; complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers; without conditions or limitations; not limited by law; expressing finality with no implication of possible change; noun something that is conceived to be absolute; something that does not depends on anything else and is beyond human control
  • absolutely - adv. totally and definitely; without question; completely and without qualification; used informally as intensifiers
  • absorb - verb cause to become one with; engage or engross wholly; take up mentally; assimilate or take in; take in, also metaphorically; become imbued; take up, as of debts or payments; suck or take up or in; engross (oneself) fully
  • absorbable - adj. capable of being absorbed or taken in through the pores of a surface
  • absorbed - adj. taken in through the pores of a surface; retained without reflection; giving or marked by complete attention to
  • absorbent - adj. having power or capacity or tendency to absorb or soak up something (liquids or energy etc.); noun a material having capacity or tendency to absorb another substance
  • absorbing - adj. capable of arousing and holding the attention
  • absorption - noun (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid; (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium; the mental state of being preoccupied by something; complete attention; intense mental effort; the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
  • absorptive - adj. having power or capacity or tendency to absorb or soak up something (liquids or energy etc.)
  • abstain - verb choose not to consume; refrain from voting
  • abstemious - adj. sparing in consumption of especially food and drink; marked by temperance in indulgence
  • abstention - noun the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)
  • abstinence - noun act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite; the trait of abstaining (especially from alcohol)
  • abstinent - adj. self-restraining; not indulging an appetite especially for food or drink; noun a person who refrains from drinking intoxicating beverages
  • abstract - adj. existing only in the mind; separated from embodiment; dealing with a subject in the abstract without practical purpose or intention; not representing or imitating external reality or the objects of nature; noun a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance; a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory; verb consider a concept without thinking of a specific example; consider abstractly or theoretically; consider apart from a particular case or instance; give an abstract (of); make off with belongings of others
  • abstraction - noun a general concept formed by extracting common features from specific examples; the act of withdrawing or removing something; an abstract painting; the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances; a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance; preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else
  • absurd - adj. inconsistent with reason or logic or common sense; incongruous; inviting ridicule; noun a situation in which life seems irrational and meaningless
  • absurdity - noun a ludicrous folly; a message whose content is at variance with reason
  • abundance - noun the property of a more than adequate quantity or supply; (chemistry) the ratio of the total mass of an element in the earth's crust to the total mass of the earth's crust; expressed as a percentage or in parts per million; (physics) the ratio of the number of atoms of a specific isotope of an element to the total number of isotopes present
  • abundant - adj. present in great quantity
  • abuse - noun a rude expression intended to offend or hurt; cruel or inhumane treatment; improper or excessive use; verb use wrongly or improperly or excessively; use foul or abusive language towards; change the inherent purpose or function of something; treat badly
  • abused - adj. subjected to cruel treatment; used improperly or excessively especially drugs
  • abut - verb lie adjacent to another or share a boundary
  • abyssinian - noun a small slender short-haired breed of African origin having brownish fur with a reddish undercoat
  • ac - noun an electric current that reverses direction sinusoidally; a radioactive element of the actinide series; found in uranium ores
  • acacia - noun any of various spiny trees or shrubs of the genus Acacia
  • academy - noun a learned establishment for the advancement of knowledge; a school for special training; a secondary school (usually private); an institution for the advancement of art or science or literature
  • acanthosis - noun an abnormal but benign thickening of the prickle-cell layer of the skin (as in psoriasis)
  • acarus - noun any of several mites of the order Acarina
  • accelerate - verb move faster; cause to move faster
  • accelerated - adj. caused to go more rapidly; speeded up, as of an academic course
  • accelerating - adj. increasing in speed; becoming progressively faster
  • acceleration - noun the act of accelerating; increasing the speed; an increase in rate of change; (physics) a rate of increase of velocity
  • accelerator - noun a valve that regulates the supply of fuel to the engine; a scientific instrument that increases the kinetic energy of charged particles; a pedal that controls the throttle valve; (chemistry) a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected
  • accentuation - noun the use or application of an accent; the relative prominence of syllables in a phrase or utterance; the act of giving special importance or significance to something
  • accept - verb tolerate or accommodate oneself to; consider or hold as true; be sexually responsive to, used of a female domesticated mammal; react favorably to; consider right and proper; give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to; receive (a report) officially, as from a committee; receive willingly something given or offered; admit into a group or community; be designed to hold or take; make use of or accept for some purpose; take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
  • acceptable - adj. worthy of acceptance or satisfactory; adequate for the purpose; judged to be in conformity with approved usage; meeting requirements
  • acceptance - noun the act of taking something that is offered; (contract law) words signifying consent to the terms of an offer (thereby creating a contract); banking: a time draft drawn on and accepted by a bank; the state of being acceptable and accepted; the act of accepting with approval; favorable reception; a disposition to tolerate or accept people or situations; the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true
  • accepted - adj. generally approved or compelling recognition; generally agreed upon; not subject to dispute; widely accepted as true or worthy; widely or permanently accepted; generally accepted or used; judged to be in conformity with approved usage
  • access - noun the act of approaching or entering; a way of entering or leaving; (computer science) the operation of reading or writing stored information; the right to obtain or make use of or take advantage of something (as services or membership); a code (a series of characters or digits) that must be entered in some way (typed or dialed or spoken) to get the use of something (a telephone line or a computer or a local area network etc.); the right to enter; verb reach or gain access to; obtain or retrieve from a storage device; as of information on a computer
  • accessibility - noun the attribute of being easy to meet or deal with; the quality of being at hand when needed
  • accessible - adj. capable of being reached; easy to get along with or talk to; friendly; easily obtained; capable of being read with comprehension
  • accessory - adj. furnishing added support; noun a supplementary component that improves capability; clothing that is worn or carried, but not part of your main clothing; someone who helps another person commit a crime
  • accident - noun anything that happens by chance without an apparent cause; a mishap; especially one causing injury or death
  • accidental - adj. without intention (especially resulting from heedless action); associated by chance and not an integral part; occurring or appearing or singled out by chance; noun a musical notation that makes a note sharp or flat or natural although that is not part of the key signature
  • accidentally - adv. without advance planning; without intention; in an unintentional manner; in an incidental manner
  • acclimatization - noun adaptation to a new climate (a new temperature or altitude or environment)
  • accommodate - verb make compatible with; provide with something desired or needed; have room for; hold without crowding; make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose; provide a service or favor for someone; provide housing for; be agreeable or acceptable to
  • accommodating - adj. helpful in bringing about a harmonious adaptation; obliging; willing to do favors
  • accommodation - noun (physiology) the automatic adjustment in focal length of the lens of the eye; the act of providing something (lodging or seat or food) to meet a need; living quarters provided for public convenience; in the theories of Jean Piaget: the modification of internal representations in order to accommodate a changing knowledge of reality; a settlement of differences; making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
  • accommodative - adj. tending to reconcile or accommodate; bringing into harmony; willing to adjust to differences in order to obtain agreement; helpful in bringing about a harmonious adaptation
  • accompanied - adj. having accompaniment or companions or escort
  • accompaniment - noun a subordinate musical part; provides background for more important parts; an event or situation that happens at the same time as or in connection with another; the act of accompanying someone or something in order to protect them
  • accompany - verb go or travel along with; perform an accompaniment to; be associated with; be a companion to somebody
  • accomplice - noun a person who joins with another in carrying out some plan (especially an unethical or illegal plan)
  • accomplish - verb put in effect; to gain with effort
  • accomplished - adj. successfully completed or brought to an end; settled securely and unconditionally; highly skilled
  • accomplishment - noun the action of accomplishing something; an ability that has been acquired by training
  • accord - noun sympathetic compatibility; concurrence of opinion; a written agreement between two states or sovereigns; harmony of people's opinions or actions or characters; verb allow to have; go together
  • accordance - noun the act of granting rights; concurrence of opinion
  • according - adj. (followed by `to') as reported or stated by; (followed by `to') in agreement with or accordant with
  • accordingly - adv. in accordance with; (sentence connectors) because of the reason given
  • accoucheur - noun a physician specializing in obstetrics
  • account - noun the quality of taking advantage; importance or value; a statement of recent transactions and the resulting balance; a formal contractual relationship established to provide for regular banking or brokerage or business services; a record or narrative description of past events; an itemized statement of money owed for goods shipped or services rendered; a short account of the news; a statement that makes something comprehensible by describing the relevant structure or operation or circumstances etc.; the act of informing by verbal report; grounds; verb furnish a justifying analysis or explanation; keep an account of; be the sole or primary factor in the existence, acquisition, supply, or disposal of something; to give an account or representation of in words
  • accounting - noun a system that provides quantitative information about finances; a convincing explanation that reveals basic causes; a bookkeeper's chronological list of related debits and credits of a business; forms part of a ledger of accounts; the occupation of maintaining and auditing records and preparing financial reports for a business; a statement of recent transactions and the resulting balance
  • accrue - verb grow by addition; come into the possession of
  • accumulate - verb collect or gather; get or gather together
  • accumulated - adj. brought together into a group or crowd; periodically accumulated over time
  • accumulation - noun the act of accumulating; (finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation; several things grouped together or considered as a whole; an increase by natural growth or addition
  • accumulator - noun (computer science) a register that has a built-in adder that adds an input number to the contents of the register; a voltaic battery that stores electric charge; a person who is employed to collect payments (as for rent or taxes)
  • accuracy - noun the quality of being near to the true value; (mathematics) the number of significant figures given in a number
  • accurate - adj. conforming exactly or almost exactly to fact or to a standard or performing with total accuracy; (of ideas, images, representations, expressions) characterized by perfect conformity to fact or truth ; strictly correct
  • accurately - adv. with few mistakes; strictly correctly
  • accusation - noun an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence; a formal charge of wrongdoing brought against a person; the act of imputing blame or guilt
  • accusative - adj. containing or expressing accusation; serving as or indicating the object of a verb or of certain prepositions and used for certain other purposes; noun the category of nouns serving as the direct object of a verb
  • accuse - verb bring an accusation against; level a charge against; blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against
  • accused - noun a defendant in a criminal proceeding
  • accustom - verb make psychologically or physically used (to something)
  • accustomed - adj. (often followed by `to') in the habit of or adapted to; commonly used or practiced; usual
  • ace - adj. of the highest quality; noun a serve that the receiver is unable to reach; one of four playing cards in a deck having a single pip on its face; someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field; a major strategic headquarters of NATO; safeguards an area extending from Norway to Turkey; verb serve an ace against (someone); play (a hole) in one stroke; score an ace against; succeed at easily
  • acetabular - adj. of the cup-shaped socket that receives the head of the thigh bone
  • acetabulum - noun the cup-shaped hollow in the hipbone into which the head of the femur fits to form a ball-and-socket joint
  • acetanilid - noun a white crystalline compound used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic
  • acetate - noun a salt or ester of acetic acid; a fabric made from fibers of cellulose acetate
  • acetic - adj. relating to or containing acetic acid
  • acetone - noun the simplest ketone; a highly inflammable liquid widely used as an organic solvent and as material for making plastics
  • acetonuria - noun excessive amounts of ketone bodies in the urine as in diabetes mellitus or starvation
  • acetous - adj. tasting or smelling like vinegar
  • acetphenetidin - noun a white crystalline compound used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic
  • acetum - noun a dilute solution of acetic acid that is used as a solvent (e.g. for a drug); sour-tasting liquid produced usually by oxidation of the alcohol in wine or cider and used as a condiment or food preservative
  • acetyl - noun the organic group of acetic acid (CH3CO-)
  • acetylene - noun a colorless flammable gas used chiefly in welding and in organic synthesis
  • ache - noun a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain; verb have a desire for something or someone who is not present; be the source of pain; feel physical pain
  • achievement - noun the action of accomplishing something
  • achilles - noun a mythical Greek hero of the Iliad; a foremost Greek warrior at the siege of Troy; when he was a baby his mother tried to make him immortal by bathing him in a magical river but the heel by which she held him remained vulnerable--his `Achilles' heel'
  • aching - adj. causing a dull and steady pain; noun a dull persistent (usually moderately intense) pain
  • acholia - noun a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
  • achondroplasia - noun an inherited skeletal disorder beginning before birth; cartilage is converted to bone resulting in dwarfism
  • achylia - noun absence of gastric juices (partial or complete)
  • acicular - adj. narrow and long and pointed; as pine leaves
  • acid - adj. having the characteristics of an acid; harsh or corrosive in tone; being sour to the taste; noun street name for lysergic acid diethylamide; any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
  • acid-fast - adj. not easily decolorized by acid solutions; pertains to micro-organisms (especially the tubercle bacillus that causes tuberculosis)
  • acidify - verb turn acidic; make sour or more sour
  • acidity - noun pH values below 7; the taste experience when something acidic is taken into the mouth; the property of being acidic
  • acidosis - noun abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • acinous - adj. pertaining to one of the small sacs (as in a compound gland)
  • acipenser - noun type genus of the Acipenseridae: sturgeons
  • acknowledged - adj. recognized or made known or admitted; generally accepted
  • acme - noun the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development; the highest point (of something)
  • acne - noun an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin; characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
  • aconite - noun any of various usually poisonous plants of the genus Aconitum having tuberous roots and palmately lobed leaves and blue or white flowers
  • aconitum - noun genus of poisonous plants of temperate regions of northern hemisphere with a vaulted and enlarged petal
  • acorus - noun sweet flags; sometimes placed in subfamily Acoraceae
  • acoustic - adj. of or relating to the science of acoustics; noun a remedy for hearing loss or deafness
  • acquaint - verb inform; make familiar or acquainted; cause to come to know personally
  • acquaintance - noun personal knowledge or information about someone or something; a person with whom you are acquainted; a relationship less intimate than friendship
  • acquire - verb win something through one's efforts; locate (a moving entity) by means of a tracking system such as radar; come to have or undergo a change of (physical features and attributes); take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect; gain through experience; gain knowledge or skills; come into the possession of something concrete or abstract
  • acquired - adj. gotten through environmental forces
  • acquiring - noun the act of acquiring something
  • acquisition - noun the act of contracting or assuming or acquiring possession of something; something acquired; an ability that has been acquired by training; the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge
  • acre - noun a town and port in northwestern Israel in the eastern Mediterranean; a territory of western Brazil bordering on Bolivia and Peru; a unit of area (4840 square yards) used in English-speaking countries
  • acres - noun extensive landed property (especially in the country) retained by the owner for his own use
  • acrid - adj. harsh or corrosive in tone; strong and sharp; "the pungent taste of radishes"
  • acridity - noun the quality of being sharply disagreeable in language or tone; extreme bitterness; having an acrid smell
  • acris - noun cricket frogs
  • acrolein - noun a pungent colorless unsaturated liquid aldehyde made from propene
  • acromegaly - noun enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
  • acromion - noun the outermost point of the spine of the shoulder blade
  • across - adv. transversely; to the opposite side
  • act - noun something that people do or cause to happen; a legal document codifying the result of deliberations of a committee or society or legislative body; a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program; a subdivision of a play or opera or ballet; a manifestation of insincerity; verb behave in a certain manner; show a certain behavior; conduct or comport oneself; pretend to have certain qualities or state of mind; discharge one's duties; play a role or part; perform on a stage or theater; perform an action, or work out or perform (an action); be engaged in an activity, often for no particular purpose other than pleasure; be suitable for theatrical performance; behave unnaturally or affectedly; have an effect or outcome; often the one desired or expected
  • acting - adj. serving temporarily especially as a substitute; noun the performance of a part or role in a drama
  • actinomyces - noun soil-inhabiting saprophytes and disease-producing plant and animal parasites
  • actinomycosis - noun disease of cattle that can be transmitted to humans; results from infection with actinomycetes; characterized by hard swellings that exude pus through long sinuses
  • action - noun something done (usually as opposed to something said); the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field; an act by a government body or supranational organization; the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism; the trait of being active and energetic and forceful; the series of events that form a plot; the state of being active; a military engagement; a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong; a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); verb institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against; put in effect
  • activating - adj. causing motion or action or change; noun the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • active - adj. characterized by energetic activity; engaged in full-time work; full of activity or engaged in continuous activity; tending to become more severe or wider in scope; disposed to take action or effectuate change; (of e.g. volcanos) erupting or liable to erupt; (of e.g. volcanos) capable of erupting; expressing action rather than a state of being; used of verbs (e.g. `to run') and participial adjectives (e.g. `running' in `running water'); expressing that the subject of the sentence has the semantic function of actor: "Hemingway favors active constructions"; exerting influence or producing a change or effect; of the sun; characterized by a high level activity in sunspots and flares and radio emissions; in operation; taking part in an activity; engaged in or ready for military or naval operations; noun a person devoted to the active life; the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is performing the action or causing the happening denoted by the verb; chemical agent capable of activity
  • activity - noun any specific behavior; (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction; the trait of being active; moving or acting rapidly and energetically; an organic process that takes place in the body; a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); the state of being active
  • acts - noun a New Testament book describing the development of the early church from Christ's Ascension to Paul's sojourn at Rome
  • actual - adj. presently existing in fact and not merely potential or possible; being or existing at the present moment; taking place in reality; not pretended or imitated; existing in act or fact; being or reflecting the essential or genuine character of something; existing in fact whether with lawful authority or not
  • actually - adv. used to imply that one would expect the fact to be the opposite of that stated; surprisingly; in actual fact; as a sentence modifier to add slight emphasis; at the present moment
  • actuarial - adj. of or relating to the work of an actuary
  • acuity - noun sharpness of vision; the visual ability to resolve fine detail (usually measured by a Snellen chart); a quick and penetrating intelligence
  • acuminate - adj. of a leaf shape; narrowing to a slender point; verb make sharp or acute; taper; make (something) come to a point
  • acupressure - noun treatment of symptoms by applying pressure with the fingers to specific pressure points on the body
  • acupuncture - noun treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
  • acute - adj. having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course; of critical importance and consequence; extremely sharp or intense; having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions; of an angle; less than 90 degrees; ending in a sharp point; noun a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • acutely - adv. having a rapid onset; in an acute manner; in a shrewd manner; changing suddenly in direction and degree
  • acuteness - noun the quality of having a sharp edge or point; a quick and penetrating intelligence; a sensitivity that is keen and highly developed
  • ad - adv. in the Christian era; used before dates after the supposed year Christ was born; noun a public promotion of some product or service
  • adams - noun a mountain peak in southwestern Washington in the Cascade Range (12,307 feet high); 2nd President of the United States (1735-1826); 6th President of the United States; son of John Adams (1767-1848); American Revolutionary leader and patriot; an organizer of the Boston Tea Party and signer of the Declaration of Independence (1722-1803)
  • adapt - verb make fit for, or change to suit a new purpose; adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
  • adaptation - noun (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light); a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form; the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • adapted - adj. changed in order to improve or made more fit for a particular purpose
  • add - noun a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders; verb make an addition (to); join or combine or unite with others; increase the quality, quantity, size or scope of; make an addition by combining numbers; state or say further; constitute an addition; determine the sum of; bestow a quality on
  • addicted - adj. compulsively or physiologically dependent on something habit-forming
  • addiction - noun (Roman law) a formal award by a magistrate of a thing or person to another person (as the award of a debtor to his creditor); a surrender to a master; an abnormally strong craving; being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • addition - noun the act of adding one thing to another; a component that is added to something to improve it; a suburban area laid out in streets and lots for a future residential area; a quantity that is added; the arithmetic operation of summing; calculating the sum of two or more numbers; something added to what you already have
  • address - noun the stance assumed by a golfer in preparation for hitting a golf ball; (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored; written directions for finding some location; written on letters or packages that are to be delivered to that location; a sign in front of a house or business carrying the conventional form by which its location is described; the manner of speaking to another individual; the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience; the place where a person or organization can be found or communicated with; social skill; verb adjust and aim (a golf ball) at in preparation of hitting; speak to; give a speech to; speak to someone; put an address on (an envelope); direct a question at someone; address or apply oneself to something, direct one's efforts towards something, such as a question; access or locate by address; greet, as with a prescribed form, title, or name; deal with verbally or in some form of artistic expression
  • addressed - adj. (of mail) marked with a destination
  • adduct - noun a compound formed by an addition reaction; verb draw a limb towards the body
  • adducting - adj. especially of muscles; bringing together or drawing toward the midline of the body or toward an adjacent part
  • adduction - noun (physiology) moving of a body part toward the central axis of the body
  • adductor - noun a muscle that draws a body part toward the median line
  • ade - noun a sweetened beverage of diluted fruit juice
  • adenitis - noun inflammation of a gland or lymph node
  • adenocarcinoma - noun malignant tumor originating in glandular epithelium
  • adenoid - adj. relating to or resembling lymphatic glands or lymphoid tissue; noun a collection of lymphatic tissue in the throat behind the uvula (on the posterior wall and roof of the nasopharynx)
  • adenoma - noun a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
  • adenopathy - noun a glandular disease or enlargement of glandular tissue (especially of the lymph glands)
  • adequate - adj. (sometimes followed by `to') meeting the requirements especially of a task; about average; acceptable; enough to meet a purpose
  • adhere - verb follow through or carry out a plan without deviation; stick to firmly; be a devoted follower or supporter; be compatible or in accordance with; come or be in close contact with; stick or hold together and resist separation; be loyal to
  • adherence - noun faithful support for a religion or cause or political party; the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • adherent - adj. sticking fast; noun someone who believes and helps to spread the doctrine of another
  • adhesion - noun a fibrous band of scar tissue that binds together normally separate anatomical structures; abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen; faithful support for a religion or cause or political party; the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • adhesive - adj. tending to adhere; noun a substance that unites or bonds surfaces together
  • adipose - adj. composed of animal fat
  • adiposis - noun the property of excessive fatness
  • adjacent - adj. near or close to but not necessarily touching; nearest in space or position; immediately adjoining without intervening space; having a common boundary or edge; touching
  • adjoining - adj. having a common boundary or edge; touching
  • adjunct - adj. of or relating to a person who is subordinate to another; furnishing added support; noun a construction that can be used to extend the meaning of a word or phrase but is not one of the main constituents of a sentence; something added to another thing but not an essential part of it; a person who is an assistant or subordinate to another
  • adjust - verb adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions; alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard; make correspondent or conformable; decide how much is to be paid on an insurance claim; place in a line or arrange so as to be parallel or straight
  • adjusted - adj. altered to accommodate to certain requirements or bring into a proper relation; adjusted to demands of daily living; showing emotional stability; (especially of garments) having the fit or style adjusted; having achieved a comfortable relation with your environment
  • adjustment - noun the act of adjusting something to match a standard; making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances; the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment); an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances; the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • adjuvant - adj. enhancing the action of a medical treatment; furnishing added support; noun an additive that enhances the effectiveness of medical treatment
  • administer - verb give or apply (medications); administer ritually; of church sacraments; work in an administrative capacity; supervise; administer or bestow, as in small portions
  • administration - noun the act of administering medication; a method of tending to (especially business) matters; the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something; the tenure of a president
  • administrator - noun someone who manages a government agency or department; the party appointed by a probate court to distribute the estate of someone who dies without a will or without naming an executor; someone who administers a business
  • admirable - adj. deserving of the highest esteem or admiration; inspiring admiration or approval
  • admission - noun the act of admitting someone to enter; an acknowledgment of the truth of something; the fee charged for admission
  • admit - verb declare to be true or admit the existence or reality or truth of; allow participation in or the right to be part of; permit to exercise the rights, functions, and responsibilities of; allow to enter; grant entry to; serve as a means of entrance; give access or entrance to; afford possibility; admit into a group or community; have room for; hold without crowding
  • admixture - noun an additional ingredient that is added by mixing with the base; the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something; the act of mixing together
  • adnexa - noun an accessory or adjoining anatomical parts or appendages (especially of the embryo)
  • adolescence - noun in the state that someone is in between puberty and adulthood; the time period between the beginning of puberty and adulthood
  • adolescent - adj. in the state of development between puberty and maturity; displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity; being of the age 13 through 19; relating to or peculiar to or suggestive of an adolescent; noun a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity
  • adonis - noun (Greek mythology) a handsome youth loved by both Aphrodite and Persephone; any handsome young man; annual or perennial herbs
  • adopt - verb take into one's family; take up and practice as one's own; choose and follow; as of theories, ideas, policies, strategies or plans; take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect; take up the cause, ideology, practice, method, of someone and use it as one's own; put into dramatic form; take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities
  • adopted - adj. acquired as your own by free choice; having been taken into a specific relationship
  • adoption - noun the act of accepting with approval; favorable reception; a legal proceeding that creates a parent-child relation between persons not related by blood; the adopted child is entitled to all privileges belonging to a natural child of the adoptive parents (including the right to inherit); the appropriation (of ideas or words etc) from another source
  • adrenal - adj. of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions; near the kidneys; noun either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • adrenalin - noun a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • adroit - adj. quick or skillful or adept in action or thought; skillful (or showing skill) in adapting means to ends
  • adult - adj. (of animals) fully developed; noun any mature animal; a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • adulterant - adj. making impure or corrupt by adding extraneous materials; noun any substance that adulterates (lessens the purity or effectiveness of a substance)
  • adulteration - noun the act of adulterating (especially the illicit substitution of one substance for another); being mixed with extraneous material; the product of adulterating
  • advance - adj. situated ahead or going before; being ahead of time or need; noun increase in price or value; an amount paid before it is earned; the act of moving forward toward a goal; a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others; a change for the better; progress in development; a movement forward; verb rise in rate or price; develop further; bring forward for consideration or acceptance; move forward, also in the metaphorical sense; cause to move forward; move forward; pay in advance; develop in a positive way; increase or raise; obtain advantages, such as points, etc.; give a promotion to or assign to a higher position; contribute to the progress or growth of
  • advanced - adj. (of societies) highly developed especially in technology or industry; far along in time; comparatively late in a course of development; ahead in development; complex or intricate; at a higher level in training or knowledge or skill; farther along in physical or mental development; ahead of the times; situated ahead or going before
  • advancement - noun gradual improvement or growth or development; the act of moving forward toward a goal; encouragement of the progress or growth or acceptance of something
  • advancing - adj. moving ahead or toward the front; moving forward
  • advantage - noun benefit resulting from some event or action; the quality of having a superior or more favorable position; (tennis) first point scored after deuce; verb give an advantage to
  • advantageous - adj. giving an advantage; appropriate for achieving a particular end; implies a lack of concern for fairness
  • advent - noun arrival that has been awaited (especially of something momentous); the season including the four Sundays preceding Christmas; (Christian theology) the reappearance of Jesus as judge for the Last Judgment
  • adventitia - noun an enveloping or covering membrane or layer of body tissue
  • adventitious - adj. associated by chance and not an integral part
  • adverse - adj. in an opposing direction; contrary to your interests or welfare
  • advice - noun a proposal for an appropriate course of action
  • advisable - adj. worthy of being recommended or suggested; prudent or wise
  • advise - verb inform (somebody) of something; give advice to; make a proposal, declare a plan for something
  • advised - adj. having received information; having the benefit of careful prior consideration or counsel
  • adviser - noun an expert who gives advice
  • advocacy - noun active support of an idea or cause etc.; especially the act of pleading or arguing for something
  • advocate - noun a person who pleads for a cause or propounds an idea; a lawyer who pleads cases in court; verb speak, plead, or argue in favour of; push for something
  • adynamia - noun lack of strength or vigor (especially from illness)
  • adynamic - adj. lacking strength or vigor; characterized by an absence of force or forcefulness
  • aerate - verb impregnate, combine, or supply with oxygen; aerate (sewage) so as to favor the growth of organisms that decompose organic matter; expose to fresh air
  • aerated - adj. (of a liquid) treated by having air passed or bubbled through it for purification; supplied with carbon dioxide
  • aeration - noun the act of charging a liquid with a gas making it effervescent; the process of exposing to air (so as to purify)
  • aerator - noun an apparatus for exposing something to the air (as sewage)
  • aerial - adj. growing in air; in or belonging to the air or operating (for or by means of aircraft or elevated cables) in the air; characterized by lightness and insubstantiality; as impalpable or intangible as air; noun a pass to a receiver downfield from the passer; an electrical device that sends or receives radio or television signals
  • aerobic - adj. depending on free oxygen or air; based on or using the principles of aerobics; enhancing respiratory and circulatory efficiency
  • aerophagia - noun swallowing air (usually followed by belching and discomfort and flatulence)
  • affection - noun a positive feeling of liking
  • affair - noun a vaguely specified social event; a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship; a vaguely specified concern
  • affairs - noun transactions of professional or public interest; matters of personal concern
  • affect - noun the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion; verb act physically on; have an effect upon; have an effect upon; have an emotional or cognitive impact upon; make believe with the intent to deceive; connect closely and often incriminatingly
  • affected - adj. acted upon; influenced; speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression; being excited or provoked to the expression of an emotion
  • affection - noun a positive feeling of liking
  • afferent - adj. of nerves and nerve impulses; conveying sensory information from the sense organs to the CNS; noun a nerve that passes impulses from receptors toward or to the central nervous system
  • affidavit - noun written declaration made under oath; a written statement sworn to be true before someone legally authorized to administer an oath
  • affinity - noun a natural attraction or feeling of kinship; inherent resemblance between persons or things; the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule; (immunology) the attraction between an antigen and an antibody; a close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character; (biology) state of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts; (anthropology) kinship by marriage or adoption; not a blood relationship
  • affirmative - adj. affirming or giving assent; supporting a policy or attitude etc; expecting the best; noun a reply of affirmation
  • affirmed - noun thoroughbred that won the triple crown in 1978
  • afflicted - adj. mentally or physically unfit; grievously affected especially by disease
  • affliction - noun a cause of great suffering and distress; a condition of suffering or distress due to ill health; a state of great suffering and distress due to adversity
  • afford - verb be able to spare or give up; afford access to; have the financial means to do something or buy something; be the cause or source of
  • affusion - noun the act of baptizing someone by pouring water on their head
  • afield - adv. off the subject; beyond the point at issue; in or into a field (especially a field of battle); far away from home or one's usual surroundings
  • aforesaid - adj. being the one previously mentioned or spoken of
  • afraid - adj. filled with fear or apprehension; filled with regret or concern; used often to soften an unpleasant statement; feeling worry or concern or insecurity; having feelings of aversion or unwillingness
  • afresh - adv. again but in a new or different way
  • africa - noun the second largest continent; located south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
  • african - adj. of or relating to the nations of Africa or their peoples; noun a native or inhabitant of Africa
  • after - adj. located farther aft; adv. behind or in the rear; happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • aftereffect - noun any result that follows its cause after an interval; a delayed effect of a drug or therapy
  • afternoon - noun the part of the day between noon and evening; a conventional expression of greeting or farewell
  • afterward - adv. happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • afterwards - adv. happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • ag - noun a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography
  • agalactia - noun a condition in which milk is not secreted in the mother's breasts after her child has been delivered
  • agar - noun a colloidal extract of algae; used especially in culture media and as a gelling agent in foods; any culture medium that uses agar as the gelling agent
  • agar-agar - noun a colloidal extract of algae; used especially in culture media and as a gelling agent in foods
  • agaric - noun a saprophytic fungus of the order Agaricales having an umbrellalike cap with gills on the underside; fungus used in the preparation of punk for fuses
  • agaricus - noun type genus of Agaricaceae; gill fungi having brown spores and including several edible species
  • age - noun how long something has existed; a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises; a late time of life; a prolonged period of time; an era of history having some distinctive feature; verb begin to seem older; get older; make older; grow old or older
  • aged - adj. (used of tobacco) aging as a preservative process (`aged' is pronounced as one syllable); of wines, fruit, cheeses; having reached a desired or final condition; (`aged' pronounced as one syllable); advanced in years; (`aged' is pronounced as two syllables); having attained a specific age; (`aged' is pronounced as one syllable); at an advanced stage of erosion (pronounced as one syllable); noun people who are old collectively
  • agency - noun a business that serves other businesses; an administrative unit of government; the state of being in action or exerting power; how a result is obtained or an end is achieved; the state of serving as an official and authorized delegate or agent
  • agent - noun an active and efficient cause; capable of producing a certain effect; a businessman who buys or sells for another in exchange for a commission; a representative who acts on behalf of other persons or organizations; any agent or representative of a federal agency or bureau; a substance that exerts some force or effect; the semantic role of the animate entity that instigates or causes the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • agglutinate - adj. united as if by glue; verb clump together; as of bacteria, red blood cells, etc.; string together (morphemes in an agglutinating language)
  • agglutination - noun the building of words from component morphemes that retain their form and meaning in the process of combining; a clumping of bacteria or red cells when held together by antibodies (agglutinins); the coalescing of small particles that are suspended in solution; these larger masses are then (usually) precipitated
  • aggravate - verb make worse; exasperate or irritate
  • aggravated - adj. incited, especially deliberately, to anger; made more severe or intense especially in law
  • aggravation - noun action that makes a problem or a disease (or its symptoms) worse; unfriendly behavior that causes anger or resentment; an exasperated feeling of annoyance
  • aggregate - adj. gathered or tending to gather into a mass or whole; formed of separate units in a cluster; noun a sum total of many heterogenous things taken together; the whole amount; verb gather in a mass, sum, or whole; amount in the aggregate to
  • aggregated - adj. gathered or tending to gather into a mass or whole
  • aggregation - noun the act of gathering something together; several things grouped together or considered as a whole
  • aggressive - adj. having or showing determination and energetic pursuit of your ends; characteristic of an enemy or one eager to fight; tending to spread quickly
  • aghast - adj. struck with fear, dread, or consternation
  • aging - adj. growing old; noun the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age; acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time
  • agitate - verb change the arrangement or position of; cause to be agitated, excited, or roused; try to stir up public opinion; move or cause to move back and forth; move very slightly; exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person; be an advocate for
  • agitated - adj. troubled emotionally and usually deeply; physically disturbed or set in motion; thrown from side to side
  • agitation - noun the act of agitating something; causing it to move around (usually vigorously); disturbance usually in protest; the feeling of being agitated; not calm; a state of agitation or turbulent change or development; a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance
  • ago - adj. gone by; or in the past; adv. in the past
  • agonal - adj. pertaining to or associated with agony (especially death agonies)
  • agonized - adj. expressing pain or agony
  • agony - noun intense feelings of suffering; acute mental or physical pain; a state of acute pain
  • agoraphobia - noun a morbid fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place)
  • agra - noun a city in northern India; former capital of the Mogul empire; site of the Taj Mahal
  • agraphia - noun a loss of the ability to write or to express thoughts in writing because of a brain lesion
  • agree - verb consent or assent to a condition, or agree to do something; be in accord; be in agreement; achieve harmony of opinion, feeling, or purpose; be agreeable or suitable; show grammatical agreement; be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics; go together
  • agreeable - adj. conforming to your own liking or feelings or nature; prepared to agree or consent; in keeping
  • agreed - adj. united by being of the same opinion
  • agreement - noun compatibility of observations; the thing arranged or agreed to; the statement (oral or written) of an exchange of promises; the verbal act of agreeing; the determination of grammatical inflection on the basis of word relations; harmony of people's opinions or actions or characters
  • agriculture - noun the class of people engaged in growing food; the practice of cultivating the land or raising stock; a large-scale farming enterprise; the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862
  • agropyron - noun perennial grasses of temperate and cool regions: wheatgrass; dog grass
  • ague - noun a fit of shivering or shaking; successive stages of chills and fever that is a symptom of malaria; a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • ahead - adj. having the leading position or higher score in a contest; adv. at or in the front; ahead of time; in anticipation; in a forward direction; leading or ahead in a competition; to a different or a more advanced time (meaning advanced either toward the present or toward the future); to a more advanced or advantageous position; toward the future; forward in time
  • aim - noun the action of directing something at an object; the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable); an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions; the direction or path along which something moves or along which it lies; verb propose or intend; direct (a remark) toward an intended goal; aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment; have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal; specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public; move into a desired direction of discourse; intend (something) to move towards a certain goal
  • aid - noun the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; a resource; a gift of money to support a worthy person or cause; the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something; verb improve the condition of; give help or assistance; be of service
  • aided - adj. having help; often used as a combining form
  • aids - noun a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • aiken - noun United States writer (1889-1973)
  • ail - noun aromatic bulb used as seasoning; verb be unwell, ill, or ill disposed; cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
  • ailanthus - noun any of several deciduous Asian trees of the genus Ailanthus
  • ailment - noun an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining
  • aim - noun the action of directing something at an object; the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable); an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions; the direction or path along which something moves or along which it lies; verb propose or intend; direct (a remark) toward an intended goal; aim or direct at; as of blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment; have an ambitious plan or a lofty goal; specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public; move into a desired direction of discourse; intend (something) to move towards a certain goal
  • air - adj. relating to or characteristic of or occurring in the air; noun a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; medium for radio and television broadcasting; the region above the ground; a mixture of gases (especially oxygen) required for breathing; the stuff that the wind consists of; once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles); travel via aircraft; a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; the mass of air surrounding the Earth; a slight wind (usually refreshing); verb expose to warm or heated air, so as to dry; broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television; be broadcast; expose to cool or cold air so as to cool or freshen; make public; expose to fresh air
  • air bag - noun a safety restraint in an automobile; the bag inflates on collision and prevents the driver or passenger from being thrown forward
  • air cell - noun a tiny sac for holding air in the lungs; formed by the terminal dilation of tiny air passageways
  • air current - noun air moving (sometimes with considerable force) from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure
  • air cushion - noun a cushion usually made of rubber or plastic that can be inflated; a mechanical device using confined air to absorb the shock of motion; the trapped air that supports a hovercraft a short distance above the water or ground
  • air-dried - adj. made dry by contact with unheated air
  • air embolism - noun obstruction of the circulatory system caused by an air bubble as, e.g., accidentally during surgery or hypodermic injection or as a complication from scuba diving; pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  • air passage - noun a duct that provides ventilation (as in mines)
  • air pump - noun a pump that moves air in or out of something
  • air space - noun the space in the atmosphere immediately above the earth
  • air-tight - adj. not allowing air or gas to pass in or out; having no weak points
  • aired - adj. open to or abounding in fresh air
  • airing - noun a short excursion (a walk or ride) in the open air; the act of supplying fresh air and getting rid of foul air; the opening of a subject to widespread discussion and debate
  • aix-la-chapelle - noun a city in western Germany near the Dutch and Belgian borders; formerly it was Charlemagne's northern capital
  • ak - noun a state in northwestern North America; the 49th state admitted to the union
  • akin - adj. related by blood; similar or related in quality or character
  • al - noun a state in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • ala - noun a wing of an insect; a flat wing-shaped process or winglike part of an organism
  • alabama - noun the Muskhogean language of the Alabama; a state in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; a river in Alabama formed by the confluence of the Coosa and Tallapoosa Rivers near Montgomery; flows southwestward to become a tributary of the Mobile River; a member of the Muskhogean people formerly living in Alabama; a member of the Creek Confederacy
  • alalia - noun paralysis of the vocal cords resulting in an inability to speak
  • alar - adj. having or resembling wings; of or relating to the axil; noun a chemical sprayed on fruit trees to regulate their growth so the entire crop can be harvested at one time
  • alarm - noun a device that signals the occurrence of some undesirable event; an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning of danger; fear resulting from the awareness of danger; a clock that wakes sleeper at preset time; verb warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness; fill with apprehension or alarm; cause to be unpleasantly surprised
  • alaska - noun a state in northwestern North America; the 49th state admitted to the union
  • albany - noun a town in southwest Georgia; processing center for peanuts and pecans; state capital of New York; located in eastern New York State on the west bank of the Hudson river
  • albert - noun prince consort of Queen Victoria of England (1819-1861)
  • albinism - noun the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
  • album - noun a book of blank pages with pockets or envelopes; for organizing photographs or stamp collections etc; one or more recordings issued together; originally released on 12-inch phonograph records (usually with attractive record covers) and later on cassette audio tape and compact disc
  • albumen - noun the white part of an egg; the nutritive and protective gelatinous substance surrounding the yolk consisting mainly of albumin dissolved in water; a simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids
  • albumin - noun a simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids
  • albuminoid - noun a simple protein found in horny and cartilaginous tissues and in the lens of the eye
  • albuminous - adj. relating to or containing or resembling albumin
  • albuminuria - noun the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
  • albuminuric - adj. of or related to the state of albuminuria
  • alcohol - noun a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent; any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • alcoholic - adj. addicted to alcohol; characteristic of or containing alcohol; noun a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually
  • alcoholism - noun habitual intoxication; prolonged and excessive intake of alcoholic drinks leading to a breakdown in health and an addiction to alcohol such that abrupt deprivation leads to severe withdrawal symptoms; an intense persistent desire to drink alcoholic beverages to excess
  • aldehyde - noun any of a class of highly reactive chemical compounds; used in making resins and dyes and organic acids
  • alder - noun north temperate shrubs or trees having toothed leaves and conelike fruit; bark is used in tanning and dyeing and the wood is rot-resistant; wood of any of various alder trees; resistant to underwater rot; used for bridges etc
  • ale - noun a general name for beer made with a top fermenting yeast; in some of the United States an ale is (by law) a brew of more than 4% alcohol by volume
  • aleppo - noun a city in northwestern Syria
  • alert - adj. very attentive or observant; (usually followed by `to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive; not unconscious; especially having become conscious; mentally responsive; noun a warning serves to make you more alert to danger; condition of heightened watchfulness or preparation for action; an automatic signal (usually a sound) warning of danger; verb warn or arouse to a sense of danger or call to a state of preparedness
  • alertness - noun lively attentiveness; a state of readiness to respond; the process of paying close and continuous attention
  • alexander - noun king of Macedon; conqueror of Greece and Egypt and Persia; founder of Alexandria (356-323 BC); European herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in Britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb
  • alexanders - noun European herb somewhat resembling celery widely naturalized in Britain coastal regions and often cultivated as a potherb
  • alexandria - noun the chief port of Egypt; located on the western edge of the Nile delta on the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Alexander the Great; the capital of ancient Egypt; a town in Louisiana on the Red River
  • alexia - noun inability to perceive written words
  • alfred - noun king of Wessex; defeated the Danes and encouraged writing in English (849-899)
  • algeria - noun a republic in northwestern Africa on the Mediterranean Sea with a population that is predominantly Sunni Muslim; colonized by France in the 19th century but gained autonomy in the early 1960s
  • algiers - noun an ancient port on the Mediterranean; the capital and largest city of Algeria
  • ali - noun the fourth caliph of Islam who is considered to be the first caliph by Shiites; he was a cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad; after his assassination Islam was divided into Shiite and Sunnite sects; United States prizefighter who won the world heavyweight championship three times (born in 1942)
  • alienation - noun the action of alienating; the action of causing to become unfriendly; (law) the voluntary and absolute transfer of title and possession of real property from one person to another; the feeling of being alienated from other people; separation resulting from hostility
  • alienism - noun an obsolete term for the study and treatment of mental illness; the quality of being alien
  • alike - adj. having the same or similar characteristics; adv. in a like manner; equally
  • aliment - noun a source of materials to nourish the body; verb give nourishment to
  • alimentation - noun the act of supplying food and nourishment; a source of materials to nourish the body
  • aline - verb place in a line or arrange so as to be parallel or straight
  • alive - adj. capable of erupting; possessing life; (often followed by `with') full of life and spirit; (followed by `to' or `of') aware of; having life or vigor or spirit; (usually followed by `to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive; in operation
  • alizarin - noun an orange-red crystalline compound used in making red pigments and in dyeing
  • alkali - noun a mixture of soluble salts found in arid soils and some bodies of water; detrimental to agriculture; any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water
  • alkaline - adj. relating to or containing an alkali; having a pH greater than 7
  • alkalinize - verb make (a substance) alkaline; become alkaline
  • alkaloid - noun natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
  • alkaloidal - adj. pertaining to or consisting of alkaloids
  • alkapton - noun an acid formed as an intermediate product of the metabolism of tyrosine and phenylalanine
  • all - adj. completely given to or absorbed by; quantifier; used with either mass or count nouns to indicate the whole number or amount of or every one of a class; adv. to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly')
  • all fours - noun card games in which points are won for taking the high or low or jack or game
  • allantois - noun vascular fetal membrane that develops from the hindgut in embryonic higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  • allay - verb satisfy (thirst); lessen the intensity of or calm
  • allegation - noun statements affirming or denying certain matters of fact that you are prepared to prove; (law) a formal accusation against somebody (often in a court of law)
  • alleged - adj. declared but not proved; doubtful or suspect
  • allegheny - noun a river that rises in Pennsylvania and flows north into New York and then back south through Pennsylvania again to join the Monongahela River at Pittsburgh which is the beginning of the Ohio River
  • allen - noun a soldier of the American Revolution whose troops helped capture Fort Ticonderoga from the British (1738-1789); United States filmmaker and comic actor (1935-); United States comedienne remembered as the confused but imperturbable partner of her husband, George Burns (1906-1964)
  • alleviate - verb provide physical relief, as from pain; make easier
  • alleviated - adj. (of pain or sorrow) made easier to bear
  • alliaceous - adj. smelling of onions or garlic; of or pertaining to the botanical genus Allium
  • allied - adj. joined by treaty or agreement; related by common characteristics or ancestry; united in a confederacy or league; of or relating to or denoting the Allies in World War I; of or relating to or denoting the Allies in World War II
  • alligator - noun either of two amphibious reptiles related to crocodiles but with shorter broader snouts; leather made from alligator's hide; verb crack and acquire the appearance of alligator hide, as from weathering or improper application; of paint and varnishes
  • allis - noun European shad
  • allotropic - adj. of or related to or exhibiting allotropism
  • allow - verb allow or plan for a certain possibility; concede the truth or validity of something; give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause; allow the presence of or allow (an activity) without opposing or prohibiting; let have; grant as a discount or in exchange; consent to, give permission; make it possible through a specific action or lack of action for something to happen; allow the other (baseball) team to score; make a possibility or provide opportunity for; permit to be attainable or cause to remain; afford possibility
  • allowance - noun the act of allowing; a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits; an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances; an amount allowed or granted (as during a given period); a sum granted as reimbursement for expenses; a reserve fund created by a charge against profits in order to provide for changes in the value of a company's assets; verb put on a fixed allowance, as of food
  • alloy - noun a mixture containing two or more metallic elements or metallic and nonmetallic elements usually fused together or dissolving into each other when molten; the state of impairing the quality or reducing the value of something; verb make an alloy of; lower in value by increasing the base-metal content
  • allspice - noun ground dried berrylike fruit of a West Indian allspice tree; suggesting combined flavors of cinnamon and nutmeg and cloves; deciduous shrubs having aromatic bark; eastern China; southwestern and eastern United States; aromatic West Indian tree that produces allspice berries
  • alluring - adj. highly attractive and able to arouse hope or desire
  • allusion - noun passing reference or indirect mention
  • ally - noun a friendly nation; an associate who provides assistance; verb become an ally or associate, as by a treaty or marriage
  • allyl - noun the univalent unsaturated organic radical C3H5; derived from propylene
  • almond - noun oval-shaped edible seed of the almond tree; small bushy deciduous tree native to Asia and North Africa having pretty pink blossoms and highly prized edible nuts enclosed in a hard green hull; cultivated in southern Australia and California
  • almost - adv. (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished
  • aloe - noun succulent plants having rosettes of leaves usually with fiber like hemp and spikes of showy flowers; found chiefly in Africa
  • aloes - noun a purgative made from the leaves of aloe
  • alone - adj. radically distinctive and without equal; exclusive of anyone or anything else; isolated from others; lacking companions or companionship; adv. without anybody else; without any others being included or involved
  • along - adv. with a forward motion; in accompaniment or as a companion; in addition (usually followed by `with'); to a more advanced state; in line with a length or direction (often followed by `by' or `beside')
  • alopecia - noun loss of hair (especially on the head) or loss of wool or feathers; in humans it can result from heredity or hormonal imbalance or certain diseases or drugs and treatments (chemotherapy for cancer)
  • aloud - adv. using the voice; not silently; with relatively high volume
  • alpha - adj. early testing stage of a software or hardware product; first in order of importance; noun the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet; the beginning of a series or sequence
  • alphabet - noun a character set that includes letters and is used to write a language; the elementary stages of any subject (usually plural)
  • alphabetic - adj. arranged in order according to the alphabet; relating to or expressed by a writing system that uses an alphabet
  • alpine - adj. living or growing above the timber line; relating to the Alps and their inhabitants; relating to or characteristic of alps
  • alps - noun a large mountain system in south-central Europe; scenic beauty and winter sports make them a popular tourist attraction
  • already - adv. prior to a specified or implied time
  • als - noun thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs
  • also - adv. in addition
  • alt - noun angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
  • alter - verb remove the ovaries of; make an alteration to; make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence; cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; insert words into texts, often falsifying it thereby
  • alteration - noun the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment); the act of revising or altering (involving reconsideration and modification); an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another
  • alterative - adj. tending to cure or restore to health
  • altered - adj. changed in form or character without becoming something else; having testicles or ovaries removed; changed in order to improve or made more fit for a particular purpose
  • altering - noun the sterilization of an animal
  • alternate - adj. occurring by turns; first one and then the other; every second one of a series; of leaves and branches etc; first on one side and then on the other in two ranks along an axis; not paired; allowing a choice; noun someone who takes the place of another person; verb do something in turns; go back and forth; swing back and forth between two states or conditions; exchange people temporarily to fulfill certain jobs and functions; reverse (a direction, attitude, or course of action); be an understudy or alternate for a role
  • alternately - adv. in an alternating sequence or position
  • alternating - adj. (of a current) reversing direction; occurring by turns; first one and then the other
  • alternation - noun successive change from one thing or state to another and back again; being regularly exchangeable
  • alternative - adj. necessitating a choice between mutually exclusive possibilities; pertaining to unconventional choices; allowing a choice; noun one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  • althaea - noun any of various plants of the genus Althaea; similar to but having smaller flowers than genus Alcea
  • althea - noun any of various plants of the genus Althaea; similar to but having smaller flowers than genus Alcea
  • altitude - noun elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface; the perpendicular distance from the base of a geometric figure to opposite vertex (or side if parallel); angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
  • alto - adj. (of a musical instrument) second highest member of a group; of or being the lowest female voice; of or being the highest male voice; having a range above that of tenor; noun the pitch range of the lowest female voice; (of a musical instrument) the second highest instrument in a family of musical instruments; a singer whose voice lies in the alto clef; the highest adult male singing voice; the lowest female singing voice
  • altogether - adv. with everything included or counted; to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly'); with everything considered (and neglecting details); noun informal terms for nakedness
  • alum - noun a double sulphate of aluminum and potassium that is used as an astringent (among other things); a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the potassium double sulfate of aluminum; a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the ammonium double sulfate of aluminum; a person who has received a degree from a school (high school or college or university)
  • alumina - noun any of various forms of aluminum oxide occurring naturally as corundum
  • aluminium - noun a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • aluminum - noun a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • alveolar - adj. pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs; pertaining to the alveolar ridge; noun a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • alveolitis - noun inflammation of the alveoli in the lungs caused by inhaling dust; with repeated exposure the condition may become chronic; inflammation in the socket of a tooth; sometimes occurs after a tooth is extracted and a blood clot fails to form
  • alveolus - noun a tiny sac for holding air in the lungs; formed by the terminal dilation of tiny air passageways; a bony socket in the alveolar ridge that holds a tooth
  • always - adv. at all times; all the time and on every occasion; forever; throughout all time; at any time or in any event; seemingly without interruption; often and repeatedly
  • am - noun modulation of the amplitude of the (radio) carrier wave; a master's degree in arts and sciences; a radioactive transuranic metallic element; discovered by bombarding uranium with helium atoms
  • amanita - noun genus of widely distributed agarics that have white spores and are poisonous with few exceptions
  • amateur - adj. engaged in as a pastime; lacking professional skill or expertise; noun someone who pursues a study or sport as a pastime; does not play for pay
  • amaurosis - noun partial or total loss of sight without pathology of the eye; caused by disease of optic nerve or retina or brain
  • amaurotic - adj. pertaining to blindness caused by amaurosis
  • amber - adj. of a medium to dark brownish yellow color; noun a deep yellow color; a hard yellowish to brownish translucent fossil resin; used for jewelry
  • ambergris - noun waxy substance secreted by the sperm whale and found floating at sea or washed ashore; used in perfume
  • ambiguous - adj. having more than one possible meaning; having no intrinsic or objective meaning; not organized in conventional patterns; open to two or more interpretations; or of uncertain nature or significance; or (often) intended to mislead
  • ambition - noun a strong drive for success; a cherished desire; verb have as one's ambition
  • ambitious - adj. having a strong desire for success or achievement; requiring full use of your abilities or resources
  • amblyopia - noun visual impairment without apparent organic pathology
  • amblyopic - adj. pertaining to a kind of visual impairment without apparent organic pathology
  • amboyna - noun mottled curly-grained wood of Pterocarpus indicus; tree native to southeastern Asia having reddish wood with a mottled or striped black grain
  • ambulance - noun a vehicle that takes people to and from hospitals
  • ambulatory - adj. relating to or adapted for walking; able to walk about; noun a covered walkway (as in a cloister)
  • ameba - noun naked freshwater or marine or parasitic protozoa that form temporary pseudopods for feeding and locomotion
  • amebiasis - noun infection by a disease-causing ameba
  • amebic - adj. pertaining to or resembling amoebae
  • ameboid - adj. like an amoeba (especially in having a variable irregular shape)
  • amelioration - noun the act of relieving ills and changing for the better
  • amen - noun a primeval Egyptian personification of air and breath; worshipped especially at Thebes
  • amenable - adj. disposed or willing to comply; liable to answer to a higher authority; open to being acted upon in a certain way; readily reacting to suggestions and influences
  • amendment - noun the act of amending or correcting; a statement that is added to or revises or improves a proposal or document (a bill or constitution etc.)
  • amenorrhea - noun absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  • amentia - noun extreme mental retardation
  • america - noun North America and South America and Central America; North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776
  • american - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of the continents and islands of the Americas; of or relating to the United States of America or its people or language or culture; noun a native or inhabitant of a North American or Central American or South American country; a native or inhabitant of the United States; the English language as used in the United States
  • americana - noun any artifact (such as books or furniture or art) that is distinctive of America
  • ametropia - noun (ophthalmology) faulty refraction of light rays in the eye as in astigmatism or myopia
  • ametropic - adj. of or relating to an abnormal condition of the eye in which visual images are not in focus on the retina
  • amine - noun a compound derived from ammonia by replacing hydrogen atoms by univalent hydrocarbon radicals
  • ammonia - noun a pungent gas compounded of nitrogen and hydrogen (NH3); a water solution of ammonia
  • ammoniac - adj. pertaining to or containing or similar to ammonia; noun the aromatic gum of the ammoniac plant
  • ammoniacal - adj. pertaining to or containing or similar to ammonia
  • ammoniated - adj. combined or treated with ammonia
  • ammonium - noun the ion NH4 derived from ammonia; behaves in many respects like an alkali metal ion
  • ammonium alum - noun a white crystalline double sulfate of aluminum: the ammonium double sulfate of aluminum
  • amnesia - noun partial or total loss of memory
  • amnesic - adj. suffering from a partial loss of memory; of or relating to or caused by amnesia; noun a person suffering from amnesia
  • amnion - noun thin innermost membranous sac enclosing the developing embryo of higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  • amniotic - adj. of or related to the amnion or characterized by developing an amnion
  • amorphous - adj. without real or apparent crystalline form; lacking the system or structure characteristic of living bodies; having no definite form or distinct shape
  • amount - noun how much of something is available; how much there is of something that you can quantify; a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers; a quantity of money; verb be tantamount or equivalent to; develop into; add up in number or quantity
  • ampere - noun the basic unit of electric current adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; a former unit of electric current (slightly smaller than the SI ampere)
  • amphoric - adj. the sound heard in auscultation resembling the hollow sound made by blowing across the mouth of a bottle
  • ample - adj. affording an abundant supply; more than enough in size or scope or capacity; fairly large
  • amplification - noun (electronics) the act of increasing voltage or power or current; addition of extra material or illustration or clarifying detail; the amount of increase in signal power or voltage or current expressed as the ratio of output to input
  • amplitude - noun greatness of magnitude; the property of copious abundance; (physics) the maximum displacement of a periodic wave
  • amply - adv. sufficiently; more than adequately; to an ample degree or in an ample manner
  • ampullar - adj. of or related to an ampulla
  • amputation - noun a surgical removal of all or part of a limb; a condition of disability resulting from the loss of one or more limbs
  • amsterdam - noun an industrial center and the nominal capital of the Netherlands; center of the diamond-cutting industry; seat of an important stock exchange; known for its canals and art museum
  • amusement - noun a feeling of delight at being entertained; an activity that is diverting and that holds the attention
  • amygdala - noun an almond-shaped neural structure in the anterior part of the temporal lobe of the cerebrum; intimately connected with the hypothalamus and the hippocampus and the cingulate gyrus; as part of the limbic system it plays an important role in motivation and emotional behavior
  • amygdalin - noun a bitter cyanogenic glucoside extracted from the seeds of apricots and plums and bitter almonds
  • amyl - noun a hydrocarbon radical that occurs in many organic compounds
  • amyloid - adj. resembling starch; noun (pathology) a waxy translucent complex protein resembling starch that results from degeneration of tissue; a non-nitrogenous food substance consisting chiefly of starch; any substance resembling starch
  • amyotrophy - noun progressive wasting of muscle tissues
  • an - noun an associate degree in nursing
  • ana - noun a collection of anecdotes about a person or place; mother of the ancient Irish gods; sometimes identified with Danu
  • anaerobic - adj. living or active in the absence of free oxygen; not aerobic
  • anal - adj. a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.; of or related to the anus
  • analgesia - noun absence of the sense of pain without loss of consciousness
  • analgesic - adj. capable of relieving pain; noun a medicine used to relieve pain
  • analogous - adj. corresponding in function but not in evolutionary origin; similar or equivalent in some respects though otherwise dissimilar
  • analogue - adj. of a circuit or device having an output that is proportional to the input; noun something having the property of being analogous to something else
  • analogy - noun drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect; an inference that if things agree in some respects they probably agree in others; the religious belief that between creature and creator no similarity can be found so great but that the dissimilarity is always greater; language can point in the right direction but any analogy between God and humans will always be inadequate
  • analysis - noun an investigation of the component parts of a whole and their relations in making up the whole; the abstract separation of a whole into its constituent parts in order to study the parts and their relations; a branch of mathematics involving calculus and the theory of limits; sequences and series and integration and differentiation; a form of literary criticism in which the structure of a piece of writing is analyzed; the use of closed-class words instead of inflections: e.g., `the father of the bride' instead of `the bride's father'; a set of techniques for exploring underlying motives and a method of treating various mental disorders; based on the theories of Sigmund Freud
  • analytic - adj. of a proposition that is necessarily true independent of fact or experience; expressing a grammatical category by using two or more words rather than inflection; using or skilled in using analysis (i.e., separating a whole--intellectual or substantial--into its elemental parts or basic principles); using or subjected to a methodology using algebra and calculus
  • analyze - verb subject to psychoanalytic treatment; make a mathematical, chemical, or grammatical analysis of; break down into components or essential features; consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning; break down into components or essential features
  • analyzed - adj. examined carefully and methodically; broken down for consideration of constituent parts
  • anaphylaxis - noun hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance
  • anarthria - noun partial or total loss of articulate speech resulting from lesions of the central nervous system
  • anasarca - noun generalized edema with accumulation of serum in subcutaneous connective tissue
  • anastomosis - noun a natural or surgical joining of parts or branches of tubular structures so as to make or become continuous
  • anastomotic - adj. of or relating to or exhibiting anastomosis
  • anatomic - adj. of or relating to the structure of the body; of or relating to the branch of morphology that studies the structure of organisms
  • anatomical - adj. of or relating to the structure of the body; of or relating to the branch of morphology that studies the structure of organisms; noun an expression that relates to anatomy
  • anatomy - noun a detailed analysis; the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • ancestor - noun someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
  • ancestral - adj. inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent; of or belonging to or inherited from an ancestor
  • anchor - noun a mechanical device that prevents a vessel from moving; a central cohesive source of support and stability; a television reporter who coordinates a broadcast to which several correspondents contribute; verb secure a vessel with an anchor; fix firmly and stably
  • anchorage - noun the act of anchoring; place for vessels to anchor; a city in south central Alaska; a fee for anchoring; the condition of being secured to a base
  • ancient - adj. very old; belonging to times long past especially of the historical period before the fall of the Western Roman Empire; noun a person who lived in ancient times; a very old person
  • ancients - noun people who lived in times long past (especially during the historical period before the fall of the Roman Empire in western Europe)
  • andes - noun a mountain range in South America running 5000 miles along the Pacific coast
  • anemia - noun genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds; chiefly of tropical America; a deficiency of red blood cells; a lack of vitality
  • anemic - adj. lacking vigor or energy; relating to anemia or suffering from anemia
  • aneroid - adj. containing no liquid or actuated without the use of liquid; noun a barometer that measures pressure without using fluids
  • anesthesia - noun loss of bodily sensation with or without loss of consciousness
  • anesthetic - adj. characterized by insensibility; noun a drug that causes temporary loss of bodily sensations
  • anesthetist - noun a specialist who administers an anesthetic to a patient before he is treated
  • anesthetize - verb make unconscious by means of anesthetic drugs
  • anesthetized - adj. rendered insensible by means of anesthesia
  • aneurysm - noun a cardiovascular disease characterized by a saclike widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall
  • aneurysmal - adj. relating to or affected by an aneurysm
  • anew - adv. again but in a new or different way
  • ang - noun a civilian reserve component of the United States Air Force that provides prompt mobilization during war and assistance during national emergencies
  • angelic - adj. marked by utter benignity; resembling or befitting an angel or saint; having a sweet nature befitting an angel or cherub; of or relating to angels
  • angelica - noun aromatic stems or leaves or roots of Angelica Archangelica; candied stalks of the angelica plant; any of various tall and stout herbs of the genus Angelica having pinnately compound leaves and small white or greenish flowers in compound umbels
  • anger - noun a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance; the state of being angry; belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins); verb make angry; become angry
  • angina - noun any disease of the throat or fauces marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain; a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
  • angina pectoris - noun a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
  • anginal - adj. of or related to the pain of angina pectoris
  • angioma - noun a tumor consisting of a mass of blood or lymphatic vessels
  • angle - noun a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Saxons and Jutes to become Anglo-Saxons; the space between two lines or planes that intersect; the inclination of one line to another; measured in degrees or radians; a biased way of looking at or presenting something; verb fish with a hook; move or proceed at an angle; present with a bias; seek indirectly; to incline or bend from a vertical position
  • angola - noun a republic in southwestern Africa on the Atlantic Ocean; achieved independence from Portugal in 1975 and was the scene of civil war until 1990
  • angry - adj. feeling or showing anger; (of the elements) as if showing violent anger; severely inflamed and painful
  • anguish - noun extreme mental distress; extreme distress of body or mind; verb suffer great pains or distress; cause emotional anguish or make miserable
  • angular - adj. having angles or an angular shape; measured by an angle or by the rate of change of an angle
  • angularity - noun the property possessed by a shape that has angles; a shape having one or more sharp angles
  • angulation - noun the act of making angulate (having corners); the precise measurement of angles
  • anhydrous - adj. without water; especially without water of crystallization
  • ani - noun black tropical American cuckoo
  • aniline - noun oily poisonous liquid amine obtained from nitrobenzene and used to make dyes and plastics and medicines
  • animal - adj. of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals; marked by the appetites and passions of the body; noun a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • animalcule - noun microscopic organism such as an amoeba or paramecium
  • animation - noun the making of animated cartoons; quality of being active or spirited or alive and vigorous; the property of being able to survive and grow; the condition of living or the state of being alive; general activity and motion; the activity of giving vitality and vigour to something
  • anise - noun liquorice-flavored seeds or oil used in cookies or cakes or pickles; native to Egypt but cultivated widely for its aromatic seeds and the oil from them used medicinally and as a flavoring in cookery
  • anisometropia - noun difference in the refractive power of the two eyes
  • ankle - noun a gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus
  • ankle joint - noun a gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus
  • anklets - noun a sock that reaches just above the ankle
  • ankylosis - noun abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a joint
  • ankylotic - adj. relating to or characteristic of the abnormality ankylosis
  • annex - noun an addition that extends a main building; verb attach to; take (territory) as if by conquest
  • annexa - noun an accessory or adjoining anatomical parts or appendages (especially of the embryo)
  • announced - adj. declared publicly; made widely known
  • announcement - noun a formal public statement; a public statement about something that is happening or going to happen
  • annoyance - noun the act of troubling or annoying someone; something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness; anger produced by some annoying irritation; an unpleasant person who is annoying or exasperating; the psychological state of being irritated or annoyed
  • annoyed - adj. aroused to impatience or anger; troubled persistently especially with petty annoyances
  • annoying - adj. causing irritation or annoyance; noun the act of troubling or annoying someone
  • annual - adj. completing its life cycle within a year; occurring or payable every year; noun a reference book that is published regularly once every year; a plant that completes its entire life cycle within the space of a year
  • annually - adv. without missing a year; by the year; every year (usually with reference to a sum of money paid or received)
  • annul - verb annul by recalling or rescinding; declare invalid
  • annum - noun (Latin) year
  • ano - noun a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries
  • anodal - adj. of or at or relating to an anode
  • anode - noun a positively charged electrode by which electrons leave an electrical device; the negatively charged terminal of a voltaic cell or storage battery that supplies current
  • anodyne - adj. capable of relieving pain; noun a medicine used to relieve pain
  • anointing - noun the act of applying oil or an oily liquid
  • anomalous - adj. deviating from the general or common order or type
  • anomaly - noun (astronomy) position of a planet as defined by its angular distance from its perihelion (as observed from the sun); a person who is unusual; deviation from the normal or common order or form or rule
  • anopheles - noun malaria mosquitoes; distinguished by the adult's head-downward stance and absence of breathing tubes in the larvae
  • anorectal - adj. pertaining to the anus and rectum considered together
  • anorexia - noun a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  • anosmia - noun absence of the sense of smell (as by damage to olfactory nasal tissue or the olfactory nerve or by obstruction of the nasal passages)
  • another - adj. any of various alternatives; some other
  • answer - noun a nonverbal reaction; the principle pleading by the defendant in response to plaintiff's complaint; in criminal law it consists of the defendant's plea of `guilty' or `not guilty' (or nolo contendere); in civil law it must contain denials of all allegations in the plaintiff's complaint that the defendant hopes to controvert and it can contain affirmative defenses or counterclaims; a statement (either spoken or written) that is made in reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation; the speech act of replying to a question; a statement that solves a problem or explains how to solve the problem; verb understand the meaning of; give the correct answer or solution to; react to a stimulus or command; respond to a signal; give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument); reply or respond to; be satisfactory for; meet the requirements of or serve the purpose of; match or correspond; be liable or accountable; be sufficient; be adequate, either in quality or quantity
  • ant - noun social insect living in organized colonies; characteristically the males and fertile queen have wings during breeding season; wingless sterile females are the workers
  • antacid - adj. acting to neutralize acid (especially in the stomach); noun an agent that counteracts or neutralizes acidity (especially in the stomach)
  • antagonism - noun (biochemistry) interference in or inhibition of the physiological action of a chemical substance by another having a similar structure; an actively expressed feeling of dislike and hostility; the relation between opposing principles or forces or factors; a state of deep-seated ill-will
  • antagonist - noun a drug that neutralizes or counteracts the effects of another drug; a muscle that relaxes while another contracts; someone who offers opposition
  • antagonistic - adj. incapable of harmonious association; used especially of drugs or muscles that counteract or neutralize each other's effect; arousing animosity or hostility; characterized by antagonism or antipathy; indicating opposition or resistance
  • antagonize - verb provoke the hostility of; act in opposition to
  • ante - noun (poker) the initial contribution that each player makes to the pot; verb place one's stake
  • antecedent - adj. preceding in time or order; noun the referent of an anaphor; a phrase or clause that is referred to by an anaphoric pronoun; a preceding occurrence or cause or event; anything that precedes something similar in time; someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote than a grandparent)
  • anterior - adj. earlier in time; of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body; noun a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
  • anthelmintic - adj. capable of expelling or destroying parasitic worms; noun a medication capable of causing the evacuation of parasitic intestinal worms
  • anthracosis - noun lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust
  • anthrax - noun a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia; a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people
  • anti - adj. not in favor of (an action or proposal etc.); noun a person who is opposed (to an action or policy or practice etc.)
  • antibacterial - adj. destroying bacteria or inhibiting their growth; noun any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
  • antibody - noun any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
  • anticipate - verb be a forerunner of or occur earlier than; realize beforehand; be excited or anxious about; act in advance of; deal with ahead of time; regard something as probable or likely; make a prediction about; tell in advance
  • antidotal - adj. counteracting the effects of a poison
  • antidote - noun a remedy that stops or controls the effects of a poison
  • antiemetic - noun a drug that prevents or alleviates nausea and vomiting
  • antigen - noun any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
  • antimalarial - noun a medicinal drug used to prevent or treat malaria
  • antimicrobic - adj. capable of destroying or inhibiting the growth of disease-causing microorganisms; noun an agent (as heat or radiation or a chemical) that destroys microorganisms that might carry disease
  • antimony - noun a metallic element having four allotropic forms; used in a wide variety of alloys; found in stibnite
  • antipruritic - noun a substance that relieves or prevents itching
  • antipyretic - adj. preventing or alleviating fever; noun any medicine that lowers body temperature to prevent or alleviate fever
  • antisepsis - noun the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms; (of non-living objects) the state of being free of pathogenic organisms
  • antiseptic - adj. (extended sense) of exceptionally clean language; clean and honest; thoroughly clean and free of or destructive to disease-causing organisms; made free from live bacteria or other microorganisms; freeing from error or corruption; noun a substance that destroys micro-organisms that carry disease without harming body tissues
  • antiserum - noun blood serum containing antibodies against specific antigens; provides immunity to a disease
  • antispasmodic - noun a drug used to relieve or prevent spasms (especially of the smooth muscles)
  • antisyphilitic - noun a drug (or other chemical agent) that is effective against syphilis
  • antithesis - noun the juxtaposition of contrasting words or ideas to give a feeling of balance; exact opposite
  • antithyroid - adj. having the effect of counteracting excessive thyroid activity
  • antitoxic - adj. counteracting a toxin or poison
  • antitoxin - noun an antibody that can neutralize a specific toxin
  • antivenene - noun an antitoxin that counteracts the effects of venom from the bite of a snake or insect or other animal
  • antivenin - noun an antitoxin that counteracts the effects of venom from the bite of a snake or insect or other animal
  • antrum - noun a natural cavity or hollow in a bone
  • anuria - noun inability to urinate
  • anus - noun excretory opening at the end of the alimentary canal
  • anxiety - noun a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune; a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • anxious - adj. eagerly desirous; causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • anxiously - adv. with anxiety or apprehension
  • any - adj. one or some or every or all without specification; adv. to any degree or extent
  • anyway - adv. used to indicate that a statement explains or supports a previous statement; in any way whatsoever
  • anywhere - adv. at or in or to any place
  • aorta - noun the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries
  • aortic - adj. of or relating to the aorta
  • aortitis - noun inflammation of the aorta
  • apart - adj. remote and separate physically or socially; having characteristics not shared by others; not living together as man and wife; adv. not taken into account or excluded from consideration; into parts or pieces; separated or at a distance in place or position or time; one from the other; away from another or others; placed or kept separate and distinct as for a purpose
  • apartment - noun a suite of rooms usually on one floor of an apartment house
  • apathetic - adj. marked by a lack of interest; showing little or no emotion or animation
  • apathy - noun the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally; an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
  • ape - noun any of various primates with short tails or no tail at all; person who resembles a nonhuman primate; someone who copies the words or behavior of another; verb imitate uncritically and in every aspect; represent in or produce a caricature of
  • aperient - adj. mildly laxative; noun a purging medicine; stimulates evacuation of the bowels
  • aperture - noun an man-made opening; usually small; a device that controls amount of light admitted; a natural opening in something
  • apex - noun the point on the celestial sphere toward which the sun and solar system appear to be moving relative to the fixed stars; the highest point (of something)
  • aphakia - noun absence of the natural lens of the eye (usually resulting from the removal of cataracts)
  • aphasia - noun inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
  • aphasic - adj. unable to speak because of a brain lesion; related to or affected by aphasia; noun someone affected by aphasia or inability to use or understand language
  • aphonia - noun a disorder of the vocal organs that results in the loss of voice
  • aphorism - noun a short pithy instructive saying
  • aphrodisiac - adj. exciting sexual desire; noun a drug or other agent that stimulates sexual desire
  • apical - adj. situated at an apex
  • apis - noun type genus of the Apidae: honeybees
  • apnea - noun transient cessation of respiration
  • apocynum - noun perennial herbs with small pink or white flowers
  • apollo - noun (Greek mythology) Greek god of light; god of prophesy and poetry and music and healing; son of Zeus and Leto; twin brother of Artemis
  • aponeurosis - noun any of the deeper and thicker fascia that attach muscles to bones; resemble flattened tendons
  • apoplectic - adj. pertaining to or characteristic of apoplexy
  • apoplexy - noun a sudden loss of consciousness resulting when the rupture or occlusion of a blood vessel leads to oxygen lack in the brain
  • appalling - adj. causing consternation; noun an experience that appalls
  • apparatus - noun equipment designed to serve a specific function; (anatomy) a group of body parts that work together to perform a given function
  • apparel - noun clothing in general; verb provide with clothes or put clothes on
  • apparent - adj. clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment; appearing as such but not necessarily so
  • apparently - adv. from appearances alone; unmistakably (`plain' is often used informally for `plainly')
  • appeal - noun (law) a legal proceeding in which the appellant resorts to a higher court for the purpose of obtaining a review of a lower court decision and a reversal of the lower court's judgment or the granting of a new trial; attractiveness that interests or pleases or stimulates; request for a sum of money; earnest or urgent request; verb request earnestly (something from somebody); ask for aid or protection; take a court case to a higher court for review; challenge (a decision); cite as an authority; resort to; be attractive to
  • appear - verb come into sight or view; come into being or existence, or appear on the scene; be issued or published; appear as a character on stage or appear in a play, etc.; seem to be true, probable, or apparent; present oneself formally, as before a (judicial) authority; give a certain impression or have a certain outward aspect
  • appearance - noun the act of appearing in public view; pretending that something is the case in order to make a good impression; formal attendance (in court or at a hearing) of a party in an action; outward or visible aspect of a person or thing; a mental representation; the event of coming into sight
  • appearing - noun formal attendance (in court or at a hearing) of a party in an action
  • appease - verb make peace with; overcome or allay; cause to be more favorably inclined; gain the good will of
  • append - verb fix to; attach; add to the very end; state or say further
  • appendage - noun a part that is joined to something larger; a natural prolongation or projection from a part of an organism either animal or plant; an external body part that projects from the body
  • appendicular - adj. relating to or consisting of an appendage or appendages; especially the limbs
  • appendix - noun a vestigial process that extends from the lower end of the cecum and that resembles a small pouch; supplementary material that is collected and appended at the back of a book
  • apperception - noun the process whereby perceived qualities of an object are related to past experience
  • appetite - noun a feeling of craving something
  • appetizer - noun food or drink to stimulate the appetite (usually served before a meal or as the first course)
  • apple - noun fruit with red or yellow or green skin and sweet to tart crisp whitish flesh; native Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits
  • appliance - noun durable goods for home or office use; a device or control that is very useful for a particular job
  • applicability - noun relevance by virtue of being applicable to the matter at hand
  • applicable - adj. readily applicable or practical; capable of being applied; having relevance
  • applicant - noun a person who requests or seeks something such as assistance or employment or admission
  • application - noun a diligent effort; the work of applying something; the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose; a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school; a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task; liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to the skin
  • applicator - noun a device for applying a substance
  • applied - adj. concerned with concrete problems or data rather than with fundamental principles; opposed to theoretical; put into practice or put to use; that are used
  • apply - verb ask (for something); refer (a word or name) to a person or thing; apply oneself to; be pertinent or relevant or applicable; put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; apply to a surface; give or convey physically; ensure observance of laws and rules; avail oneself to; be applicable to; as to an analysis
  • appoint - verb furnish; create and charge with a task or function; assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
  • appointed - adj. selected for a job; provided with furnishing and accessories (especially of a tasteful kind); fixed or established especially by order or command; subject to appointment
  • appointment - noun (law) the act of disposing of property by virtue of the power of appointment; the act of putting a person into a non-elective position; the job to which you are (or hope to be) appointed; (usually plural) furnishings and equipment (especially for a ship or hotel); a meeting arranged in advance; a person who is appointed to a job or position
  • apposition - noun (biology) growth in the thickness of a cell wall by the deposit of successive layers of material; a grammatical relation between a word and a noun phrase that follows; the act of positioning close together (or side by side)
  • appreciate - verb increase the value of; gain in value; be fully aware of; realize fully; recognize with gratitude; be grateful for; hold dear
  • appreciated - adj. fully understood or grasped; giving pleasure or satisfaction
  • appreciation - noun an increase in price or value; understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something; an expression of gratitude; a favorable judgment; delicate discrimination (especially of aesthetic values)
  • apprehension - noun the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal); painful expectation; fearful expectation or anticipation; the cognitive condition of someone who understands
  • apprehensive - adj. in fear or dread of possible evil or harm; mentally upset over possible misfortune or danger etc; quick to understand
  • appro - noun an informal British abbreviation of approval
  • approach - noun the act of drawing spatially closer to something; a relatively short golf shot intended to put the ball onto the putting green; ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation; a close approximation; the temporal property of becoming nearer in time; the event of one object coming closer to another; a way of entering or leaving; a tentative suggestion designed to elicit the reactions of others; the final path followed by an aircraft as it is landing; verb make advances to someone, usually with a proposal or suggestion; come near in time; move towards; begin to deal with; come near or verge on, resemble, come nearer in quality, or character
  • approaching - adj. of the relatively near future; noun the act of drawing spatially closer to something; the temporal property of becoming nearer in time; the event of one object coming closer to another
  • appropriate - adj. suitable for a particular person or place or condition etc; suitable and fitting; meant or adapted for an occasion or use; being of striking appropriateness and pertinence; appropriate for achieving a particular end; implies a lack of concern for fairness; verb take possession of by force, as after an invasion; give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause
  • approval - noun a message expressing a favorable opinion; a feeling of liking something or someone good; acceptance as satisfactory; the formal act of approving
  • approved - adj. generally or especially officially judged acceptable or satisfactory; established by authority; given authoritative approval
  • approximate - adj. located close together; very close in resemblance; not quite exact or correct; verb be close or similar; judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time)
  • approximately - adv. (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
  • approximation - noun the act of bringing near or bringing together especially the cut edges of tissue; the quality of coming near to identity (especially close in quantity); an imprecise or incomplete account; an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth
  • apraxia - noun inability to make purposeful movements
  • apricot - noun downy yellow to rosy-colored fruit resembling a small peach; Asian tree having clusters of usually white blossoms and edible fruit resembling the peach; a shade of pink tinged with yellow
  • april - noun the month following March and preceding May
  • apron - noun a garment of cloth or leather or plastic that is tied about the waist and worn to protect your clothing; a paved surface where aircraft stand while not being used; (golf) the part of the fairway leading onto the green; the part of a modern theater stage between the curtain and the orchestra (i.e., in front of the curtain)
  • apt - adj. (usually followed by `to') naturally disposed toward; mentally quick and resourceful; at risk of or subject to experiencing something usually unpleasant; being of striking appropriateness and pertinence
  • aptly - adv. in a competent capable manner
  • aqua - noun a shade of blue tinged with green
  • aqueous - adj. produced by the action of water; similar to or containing or dissolved in water
  • ar - noun a state in south central United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; a unit of surface area equal to 100 square meters; a colorless and odorless inert gas; one of the six inert gases; comprises approximately 1% of the earth's atmosphere
  • arabia - noun a peninsula between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf; strategically important for its oil resources
  • arabic - adj. relating to or characteristic of Arabs; noun the Semitic language of the Arabs; spoken in a variety of dialects
  • arable - adj. (of farmland) capable of being farmed productively
  • arachnoid - adj. relating to or resembling a member of the class Arachnida; noun the middle of the 3 meninges; air-breathing arthropods characterized by simple eyes and four pairs of legs
  • arbitrary - adj. based on or subject to individual discretion or preference or sometimes impulse or caprice
  • arborescent - adj. resembling a tree in form and branching structure
  • arc - noun a continuous portion of a circle; electrical conduction through a gas in an applied electric field; something curved in shape; verb form an arch or curve
  • arch - adj. expert in skulduggery; (used of behavior or attitude) characteristic of those who treat others with condescension; noun (architecture) a masonry construction (usually curved) for spanning an opening and supporting the weight above it; a passageway under a curved masonry construction; a curved bony structure supporting or enclosing organs (especially the inner sides of the feet); a curved shape in the vertical plane that spans an opening; verb form an arch or curve
  • arched - adj. constructed with or in the form of an arch or arches; forming or resembling an arch
  • arching - adj. forming or resembling an arch
  • arctic - adj. extremely cold; of or relating to the Arctic; at or near the north pole; noun a waterproof overshoe that protects shoes from water or snow; the regions north of the Arctic Circle centered on the North Pole
  • arcus - noun an whitish deposit in the shape of an arc that is sometimes seen in the cornea
  • ardent - adj. glowing or shining like fire; characterized by strong enthusiasm; characterized by intense emotion
  • ardor - noun feelings of great warmth and intensity; intense feeling of love; a feeling of strong eagerness (usually in favor of a person or cause)
  • ards - noun acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen; occurs among persons exposed to irritants such as corrosive chemical vapors or ammonia or chlorine etc.
  • arduous - adj. difficult to accomplish; demanding considerable mental effort and skill; characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort; taxing to the utmost; testing powers of endurance
  • are - noun a unit of surface area equal to 100 square meters
  • area - noun a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function; the extent of a 2-dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary; a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve; a subject of study; a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography); a particular environment or walk of life
  • areola - noun small circular area such as that around the human nipple or an inflamed area around a pimple or insect bite; small space in a tissue or body part such as the area between veins on a leaf or an insect's wing
  • areolar - adj. relating to or like or divided into areolae
  • argentic - adj. relating to compounds in which silver is bivalent
  • argue - verb present reasons and arguments; give evidence of; have an argument about something
  • argument - noun a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is the independent variable; a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play or movie; a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is true; a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against some proposition or proposal; a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
  • argyll - noun a covered gravy holder of silver or other metal containing a detachable central vessel for hot water to keep the gravy warm; a sock knitted or woven with an argyle design (usually used in the plural); a design consisting of a pattern of varicolored diamonds on a solid background (originally for knitted articles); patterned after the tartan of a clan in western Scotland
  • argyrol - noun antiseptic consisting of a compound of protein and silver (trade name Argyrol)
  • arid - adj. lacking vitality or spirit; lifeless; lacking sufficient water or rainfall
  • arise - verb result or issue; rise to one's feet; originate or come into being; get up and out of bed; move upward; take part in a rebellion; renounce a former allegiance; come into existence; take on form or shape
  • arizona - noun glossy snake; a state in southwestern United States; site of the Grand Canyon
  • ark - noun a boat built by Noah to save his family and animals from the flood; (Judaism) sacred chest where the ancient Hebrews kept the two tablets containing the Ten Commandments
  • arkansas - noun a state in south central United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; a river that rises in the Rocky Mountains in Colorado and flows southeast through Kansas and Oklahoma and through Arkansas to become a tributary of the Mississippi River
  • arm - noun the part of an armchair or sofa that supports the elbow and forearm of a seated person; any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm; a human limb; technically the part of the superior limb between the shoulder and the elbow but commonly used to refer to the whole superior limb; the part of a garment that is attached at the armhole and that provides a cloth covering for the arm; any instrument or instrumentality used in fighting or hunting; an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization; verb prepare oneself for a military confrontation; supply with arms
  • arm band - noun a band worn around the arm for decoration
  • armamentarium - noun the collection of equipment and methods used in the practice of medicine
  • armband - noun a band worn around the upper arm; worn around arm as identification or to indicate mourning
  • armed - adj. (used of persons or the military) characterized by having or bearing arms; (used of plants and animals) furnished with bristles and thorns; having arms or arms as specified; used especially in combination
  • armpit - noun the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder
  • arms - noun the official symbols of a family, state, etc.; weapons considered collectively
  • armstrong - noun United States jazz trumpeter and bandleader (1900-1971); United States astronaut; the first man to set foot on the moon (July 20, 1969) (1930-)
  • army - noun a large number of people united for some specific purpose; a permanent organization of the military land forces of a nation or state; the army of the United States of America; the agency that organizes and trains soldiers for land warfare
  • arnica - noun an ointment used in treating bruises; any of various rhizomatous usually perennial plants of the genus Arnica; used especially in treating bruises
  • aroma - noun a distinctive odor that is pleasant; any property detected by the olfactory system
  • aromatic - adj. having a strong pleasant odor; (chemistry) of or relating to or containing one or more benzene rings
  • around - adv. in circumference; by a circular or circuitous route; in a circle or circular motion; to a particular destination either specified or understood; (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct; in the area or vicinity; from beginning to end; throughout; all around or on all sides; in or to a reversed position or direction; to or among many different places or in no particular direction
  • arouse - verb call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses); stimulate sexually; to begin moving, "As the thunder started the sleeping children began to stir"; stop sleeping; cause to become awake or conscious; cause to be alert and energetic; summon into action or bring into existence, often as if by magic
  • aroused - adj. (of persons) excessively affected by emotion; aroused to action; feeling great sexual desire; brought to a state of great tension; emotionally aroused; keenly excited (especially sexually) or indicating excitement
  • arrange - verb arrange thoughts, ideas, temporal events; make arrangements for; put into a proper or systematic order; adapt for performance in a different way; arrange attractively; plan, organize, and carry out (an event); set (printed matter) into a specific format
  • arranged - adj. deliberately arranged for effect; planned in advance; disposed or placed in a particular kind of order
  • arrangement - noun the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music; an organized structure for arranging or classifying; an orderly grouping (of things or persons) considered as a unit; the result of arranging; the spatial property of the way in which something is placed; the thing arranged or agreed to; a piece of music that has been adapted for performance by a particular set of voices or instruments
  • arranging - noun the act of arranging and adapting a piece of music
  • array - noun an arrangement of aerials spaced to give desired directional characteristics; especially fine or decorative clothing; an impressive display; an orderly arrangement; verb align oneself with a group or a way of thinking; lay out orderly or logically in a line or as if in a line
  • arrest - noun the state of inactivity following an interruption; the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal); verb hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; take into custody; attract and fix; cause to stop
  • arrested - adj. having development checked or reversed
  • arrhythmia - noun an abnormal rate of muscle contractions in the heart
  • arrhythmic - adj. without regard for rhythm; not having a steady rhythm
  • arrival - noun accomplishment of an objective; the act of arriving at a certain place; someone who arrives (or has arrived)
  • arrive - verb reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress; succeed in a big way; get to the top
  • arrowroot - noun white-flowered West Indian plant whose root yields arrowroot starch; a nutritive starch obtained from the root of the arrowroot plant; canna grown especially for its edible rootstock from which arrowroot starch is obtained
  • arse - noun excretory opening at the end of the alimentary canal; the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • arsenate - noun a salt or ester of arsenic acid
  • arsenic - noun a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar; a white powdered poisonous trioxide of arsenic; used in manufacturing glass and as a pesticide (rat poison) and weed killer
  • arsenical - adj. relating to or containing arsenic; noun a pesticide or drug containing arsenic
  • art - noun the creation of beautiful or significant things; the products of human creativity; works of art collectively; a superior skill that you can learn by study and practice and observation; photographs or other visual representations in a printed publication
  • artemisia - noun any of various composite shrubs or herbs of the genus Artemisia having aromatic green or greyish foliage
  • arteria - noun a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • arterial - adj. of or involving or contained in the arteries
  • artery - noun a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic; a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • arthritic - adj. of or pertaining to arthritis; noun a person afflicted with arthritis
  • arthritis - noun inflammation of a joint or joints
  • arthropathy - noun a pathology or abnormality of a joint
  • arthrospore - noun one of a string of thick walled vegetative resting cells formed by some algae and fungi; a body that resembles a spore but is not an endospore; produced by some bacteria
  • article - noun one of a class of artifacts; nonfictional prose forming an independent part of a publication; (grammar) a determiner that may indicate the specificity of reference of a noun phrase; a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will); verb bind by a contract; especially for a training period
  • articular - adj. relating to or affecting the joints of the body
  • articulate - adj. expressing yourself easily or characterized by clear expressive language; consisting of segments held together by joints; verb express or state clearly; speak, pronounce, or utter in a certain way; put into words or an expression; provide with a joint
  • articulated - adj. pronounced distinctly and clearly; consisting of segments held together by joints
  • articulation - noun the act of joining things in such a way that motion is possible; expressing in coherent verbal form; the aspect of pronunciation that involves bringing articulatory organs together so as to shape the sounds of speech; the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made; (anatomy) the point of connection between two bones or elements of a skeleton (especially if it allows motion)
  • artificial - adj. artificially formal; contrived by art rather than nature; not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
  • artificially - adv. not according to nature; not by natural means
  • artillery - noun large but transportable armament; an army unit that uses big guns; a means of persuading or arguing
  • artist - noun a person whose creative work shows sensitivity and imagination
  • arts - noun studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills)
  • arum - noun any plant of the family Araceae; have small flowers massed on a spadix surrounded by a large spathe; starch resembling sago that is obtained from cuckoopint root
  • arytenoid - noun either of two small cartilages at the back of the larynx to which the vocal folds are attached
  • as - adv. to the same degree (often followed by `as'); noun a United States territory on the eastern part of the island of Samoa; a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar
  • asafetida - noun the brownish gum resin of various plants; has strong taste and odor; formerly used as an antispasmodic
  • asbestos - noun a fibrous amphibole; used for making fireproof articles; inhaling fibers can cause asbestosis or lung cancer
  • ascaridae - noun large roundworms parasitic in intestines of vertebrates
  • ascaris - noun type genus of the family Ascaridae: roundworms with a three-lipped mouth
  • ascend - verb travel up, "We ascended the mountain"; slope upwards; go along towards (a river's) source; become king or queen; go back in order of genealogical succession; come up, of celestial bodies
  • ascendancy - noun the state that exists when one person or group has power over another
  • ascending - adj. moving or going or growing upward; noun the act of changing location in an upward direction
  • ascent - noun an upward slope or grade (as in a road); the act of changing location in an upward direction; a movement upward
  • ascertain - verb learn or discover with certainty; be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; establish after a calculation, investigation, experiment, survey, or study; find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort
  • ascertained - adj. discovered or determined by scientific observation
  • ascites - noun accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
  • ascribe - verb attribute or credit to
  • asepsis - noun (of non-living objects) the state of being free of pathogenic organisms; the process of inhibiting the growth and multiplication of microorganisms
  • aseptic - adj. free of or using methods to keep free of pathological microorganisms
  • ash - noun any of various deciduous pinnate-leaved ornamental or timber trees of the genus Fraxinus; strong elastic wood of any of various ash trees; used for furniture and tool handles and sporting goods such as baseball bats; the residue that remains when something is burned; verb convert into ashes
  • ashen - adj. anemic looking from illness or emotion; made of wood of the ash tree
  • asheville - noun a town in western North Carolina in the Blue Ridge Mountains west of Charlotte
  • ashy - adj. of a light grey
  • asia - noun the nations of the Asian continent collectively; the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
  • asia minor - noun a peninsula in southwestern Asia that forms the Asian part of Turkey
  • asiatic - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Asia or the peoples of Asia or their languages or culture; noun a native or inhabitant of Asia
  • aside - adv. in reserve; not for immediate use; on or to one side; out of the way (especially away from one's thoughts); placed or kept separate and distinct as for a purpose; not taken into account or excluded from consideration; in a different direction; noun a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage; a message that departs from the main subject
  • ask - verb make a request or demand for something to somebody; consider obligatory; request and expect; inquire about; direct or put; seek an answer to; address a question to and expect an answer from; require or ask for as a price or condition; require as useful, just, or proper
  • asking - adj. relating to the use of or having the nature of an interrogation; noun the verbal act of requesting
  • asleep - adj. dead; in a state of sleep; lacking sensation; adv. into a sleeping state; in the sleep of death
  • asparagus - noun edible young shoots of the asparagus plant; plant whose succulent young shoots are cooked and eaten as a vegetable
  • aspect - noun a characteristic to be considered; a distinct feature or element in a problem; the beginning or duration or completion or repetition of the action of a verb; the feelings expressed on a person's face; the visual percept of a region
  • aspergillus - noun genus of common molds causing food spoilage and some pathogenic to plants and animals
  • asphyxia - noun a condition in which insufficient or no oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged on a ventilatory basis; caused by choking or drowning or electric shock or poison gas
  • asphyxiation - noun killing by depriving of oxygen; the condition of being deprived of oxygen (as by having breathing stopped)
  • aspirate - noun a consonant pronounced with aspiration; verb suck in (air); pronounce with aspiration; of stop sounds; remove as if by suction
  • aspiration - noun a will to succeed; a manner of articulation involving an audible release of breath; the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing; a cherished desire
  • aspirator - noun a pump that draws air or another gas through a liquid
  • aspirin - noun the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • ass - noun hardy and sure-footed animal smaller and with longer ears than the horse; a pompous fool; slang for sexual intercourse; the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • assault - noun a threatened or attempted physical attack by someone who appears to be able to cause bodily harm if not stopped; close fighting during the culmination of a military attack; thoroughbred that won the triple crown in 1946; the crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will; verb attack in speech or writing; attack someone physically or emotionally; force (someone) to have sex against their will
  • assembled - adj. formed by fitting or joining components together; brought together into a group or crowd
  • assent - noun agreement with a statement or proposal to do something; verb to agree or express agreement
  • asserted - adj. confidently declared to be so
  • asserting - adj. relating to the use of or having the nature of a declaration
  • assertion - noun a declaration that is made emphatically (as if no supporting evidence were necessary); the act of affirming or asserting or stating something
  • assiduous - adj. marked by care and persistent effort
  • assign - verb select something or someone for a specific purpose; decide as to where something belongs in a scheme; transfer one's right to; give out or allot; attribute or credit to; attribute or give; make undue claims to having; give an assignment to (a person) to a post, or assign a task to (a person)
  • assignable - adj. legally transferable to the ownership of another
  • assigned - adj. appointed to a post or duty
  • assimilable - adj. able to be absorbed and incorporated into body tissues
  • assimilate - verb become similar to one's environment; make similar; become similar in sound; take (gas, light or heat) into a solution; take up mentally
  • assimilating - adj. capable of taking (gas,light, or liquids into a solution)
  • assimilation - noun in the theories of Jean Piaget: the application of a general schema to a particular instance; a linguistic process by which a sound becomes similar to an adjacent sound; the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion; the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another; the state of being assimilated; people of different backgrounds come to see themselves as part of a larger national family; the process of assimilating new ideas into an existing cognitive structure
  • assimilative - adj. capable of mentally absorbing; capable of taking (gas,light, or liquids into a solution)
  • assist - noun (sports) the act of enabling another player to make a good play; the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; verb act as an assistant in a subordinate or supportive function; work for or be a servant to; give help or assistance; be of service
  • assistance - noun the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; a resource
  • assistant - adj. of or relating to a person who is subordinate to another; noun a person who contributes to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose
  • assisted - adj. having help; often used as a combining form
  • associate - adj. having partial rights and privileges or subordinate status; noun any event that usually accompanies or is closely connected with another; a person who joins with others in some activity; a degree granted by a two-year college on successful completion of the undergraduates course of studies; a person who is frequently in the company of another; verb make a logical or causal connection; bring or come into association or action; keep company with; hang out with
  • associated - adj. related to or accompanying; joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
  • association - noun the act of consorting with or joining with others; the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination; (ecology) a group of organisms (plants and animals) that live together in a certain geographical region and constitute a community with a few dominant species; a formal organization of people or groups of people; (chemistry) any process of combination (especially in solution) that depends on relatively weak chemical bonding; a relation resulting from interaction or dependence; the state of being connected together as in memory or imagination; a social or business relationship
  • assuage - verb provide physical relief, as from pain; satisfy (thirst); cause to be more favorably inclined; gain the good will of
  • assume - verb take on a certain form, attribute, or aspect; take to be the case or to be true; accept without verification or proof; take up someone's soul into heaven; occupy or take on; seize and take control without authority and possibly with force; take as one's right or possession; take on titles, offices, duties, responsibilities; put clothing on one's body; make a pretence of; take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person
  • assumed - adj. accepted as real or true without proof; adopted in order to deceive; taken as your right without justification
  • assumption - noun the act of taking possession of or power over something; the act of assuming or taking for granted; a hypothesis that is taken for granted; (Christianity) the taking up of the body and soul of the Virgin Mary when her earthly life had ended; celebration in the Roman Catholic Church of the Virgin Mary's being taken up into heaven when her earthly life ended; corresponds to the Dormition in the Eastern Orthodox church; audacious (even arrogant) behavior that you have no right to; a statement that is assumed to be true and from which a conclusion can be drawn
  • assur - noun an ancient Assyrian city on the Tigris and traditional capital of Assyria; just south of the modern city of Mosul in Iraq
  • assurance - noun freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities; a statement intended to inspire confidence; a binding commitment to do or give or refrain from something; a British term for some kinds of insurance
  • assure - verb assure somebody of the truth of something with the intention of giving the listener confidence; inform positively and with certainty and confidence; be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; make a promise or commitment; make certain of; cause to feel sure; give reassurance to
  • assured - adj. marked by assurance; exhibiting confidence; characterized by certainty or security
  • astasia - noun inability to stand due to muscular incoordination
  • aster - noun star-shaped structure formed in the cytoplasm of a cell having fibers like rays that surround the centrosome during mitosis; any of various chiefly fall-blooming herbs of the genus Aster with showy daisylike flowers
  • astereognosis - noun a loss of the ability to recognize objects by handling them
  • asterisk - noun a star-shaped character * used in printing; verb mark with an asterisk
  • asthenia - noun an abnormal loss of strength
  • asthenic - adj. having a slender physique; lacking strength or vigor
  • asthenopia - noun a tiredness of the eyes caused by prolonged close work by a person with an uncorrected vision problem
  • asthma - noun respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • asthmatic - adj. relating to breathing with a whistling sound; noun a person suffering from asthma
  • astigmatic - adj. of or relating to a defect in the eye or in a lens caused by a deviation from spherical curvature which prevents light rays from meeting at a common focus and so results in distorted images
  • astigmatism - noun (optics) defect in an optical system in which light rays from a single point fail to converge in a single focal point; (ophthalmology) impaired eyesight resulting usually from irregular conformation of the cornea
  • astonishing - adj. so surprisingly impressive as to stun or overwhelm; surprising greatly
  • astounding - adj. bewildering or striking dumb with wonder; so surprisingly impressive as to stun or overwhelm
  • astragalus - noun large genus of annual or perennial herbs or shrubs of north temperate regions; largest genus in the family Leguminosae; the bone in the ankle that articulates with the leg bones to form the ankle joint
  • astride - adv. with one leg on each side; with the legs stretched far apart
  • astringency - noun the ability to contract or draw together soft body tissues to check blood flow or restrict secretion of fluids; a sharp astringent taste; the taste experience when a substance causes the mouth to pucker
  • astringent - adj. tending to draw together or constrict soft organic tissue; sour or bitter in taste; noun a drug that causes contraction of body tissues and canals
  • asunder - adj. widely separated especially in space; adv. into parts or pieces
  • asylum - noun a hospital for mentally incompetent or unbalanced person; a shelter from danger or hardship
  • asymmetric - adj. characterized by asymmetry in the spatial arrangement or placement of parts or components
  • asymmetry - noun (mathematics) a lack of symmetry
  • at - noun 100 at equal 1 kip in Laos; a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series); a decay product of uranium and thorium
  • ataxia - noun inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
  • ataxic - adj. lacking motor coordination; marked or caused by ataxia
  • ate - noun goddess of criminal rashness and its punishment
  • atelectasis - noun collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants); also failure of pulmonary alveoli to expand at birth
  • atheroma - noun a fatty deposit in the intima (inner lining) of an artery; can obstruct blood flow
  • atheromatous - adj. of or relating to or resembling atheroma
  • athetosis - noun a continuous succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of the hands and feet and other body parts
  • athletic - adj. having a sturdy and well proportioned body; relating to or befitting athletics or athletes; vigorously active
  • athletics - noun participation in sports events as an extracurricular activity; an active diversion requiring physical exertion and competition; a contest between athletes
  • atlanta - noun a siege in which Federal troops under Sherman cut off the railroads supplying the city and then burned it; 1864; state capital and largest city of Georgia; chief commercial center of the southeastern United States; was plundered and burned by Sherman's army during the American Civil War
  • atlantic - adj. relating to or bordering the Atlantic Ocean; noun the 2nd largest ocean; separates North and South America on the west from Europe and Africa on the east
  • atlas - noun a figure of a man used as a supporting column; the 1st cervical vertebra; a collection of maps in book form; (Greek mythology) a Titan who was forced by Zeus to bear the sky on his shoulders
  • atmosphere - noun the mass of air surrounding the Earth; the envelope of gases surrounding any celestial body; the weather or climate at some place; a particular environment or surrounding influence; a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; a unit of pressure: the pressure that will support a column of mercury 760 mm high at sea level and 0 degrees centigrade
  • atmospheric - adj. relating to or located in the atmosphere
  • atom - noun (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything; (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
  • atomic - adj. immeasurably small; of or relating to or comprising atoms; (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy
  • atomization - noun annihilation by reducing something to atoms; separating something into fine particles
  • atomizer - noun a dispenser that turns a liquid (such as perfume) into a fine mist
  • atonic - adj. used of syllables; characterized by a lack of tonus
  • atony - noun lack of normal muscular tension or tonus
  • atrabilious - adj. irritable as if suffering from indigestion
  • atresia - noun an abnormal condition in which a normal opening or tube in the body (as the urethra) is closed or absent
  • atrium - noun the central area in a building; open to the sky; any chamber that is connected to other chambers or passageways (especially one of the two upper chambers of the heart)
  • atrophic - adj. relating to or characterized by atrophy
  • atrophied - adj. (of an organ or body part) diminished in size or strength as a result of disease or injury or lack of use
  • atrophy - noun any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use); a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse; verb undergo atrophy
  • attach - verb be attached; be in contact with; become attached; cause to be attached; take temporary possession of as a security, by legal authority; create social or emotional ties
  • attached - adj. associated in an exclusive sexual relationship; used of buildings joined by common sidewalls; fastened together; permanently attached to a substrate; not free to move about; being joined in close association
  • attachment - noun the act of attaching or affixing something; faithful support for a religion or cause or political party; a supplementary part or accessory; a connection that fastens things together; a writ authorizing the seizure of property that may be needed for the payment of a judgment in a judicial proceeding; a feeling of affection for a person or an institution; the act of fastening things together
  • attack - noun a decisive manner of beginning a musical tone or phrase; an offensive move in a sport or game; the act of attacking; (military) an offensive against an enemy (using weapons); strong criticism; the onset of a corrosive or destructive process (as by a chemical agent); a sudden occurrence of an uncontrollable condition; ideas or actions intended to deal with a problem or situation; intense adverse criticism; verb begin to injure; set to work upon; turn one's energies vigorously to a task; attack in speech or writing; take the initiative and go on the offensive; launch an attack or assault on; begin hostilities or start warfare with; attack someone physically or emotionally
  • attain - verb reach a point in time, or a certain state or level; reach a destination, either real or abstract; find unexpectedly; to gain with effort
  • attainable - adj. capable of being attained or accomplished
  • attainment - noun arrival at a new stage; the act of achieving an aim; an ability that has been acquired by training
  • attar - noun essential oil or perfume obtained from flowers
  • attempt - noun earnest and conscientious activity intended to do or accomplish something; the act of attacking; verb enter upon an activity or enterprise; make an effort or attempt
  • attend - verb give heed (to); take charge of or deal with; be present at (meetings, church services, university), etc.; to accompany as a circumstance or follow as a result; work for or be a servant to
  • attendance - noun the act of being present (at a meeting or event etc.); the number of people that are present; the frequency with which a person is present
  • attendant - adj. being present (at meeting or event etc.); following as a consequence; noun a person who is present and participates in a meeting; someone who waits on or tends to or attends to the needs of another; an event or situation that happens at the same time as or in connection with another
  • attended - adj. having a caretaker or other watcher; having accompaniment or companions or escort
  • attending - adj. being present (at meeting or event etc.); serving attendance on someone; noun the act of being present (at a meeting or event etc.); the process whereby a person concentrates on some features of the environment to the (relative) exclusion of others
  • attention - noun a courteous act indicating affection; a motionless erect stance with arms at the sides and feet together; assumed by military personnel during drill or review; the faculty or power of mental concentration; the process whereby a person concentrates on some features of the environment to the (relative) exclusion of others; a general interest that leads people to want to know more; the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something
  • attenuated - adj. of an electrical signal; reduced in amplitude with little or no distortion; reduced in strength
  • attenuation - noun the property of something that has been weakened or reduced in thickness or density; weakening in force or intensity
  • attest - verb authenticate, affirm to be true, genuine, or correct, as in an official capacity; establish or verify the usage of; provide evidence for; stand as proof of; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes; give testimony in a court of law
  • attic - adj. of or relating to Attica or its inhabitants or to the dialect spoken in Athens in classical times; noun (architecture) a low wall at the top of the entablature; hides the roof; informal terms for a human head; the dialect of Ancient Greek spoken and written in Attica and Athens; floor consisting of open space at the top of a house just below roof; often used for storage
  • attitude - noun a theatrical pose created for effect; a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways; position of aircraft or spacecraft relative to a frame of reference (the horizon or direction of motion); the arrangement of the body and its limbs
  • attorney - noun a professional person authorized to practice law; conducts lawsuits or gives legal advice
  • attract - verb exert a force on (a body) causing it to approach or prevent it from moving away; direct toward itself or oneself by means of some psychological power or physical attributes; be attractive to
  • attraction - noun the quality of arousing interest; being attractive or something that attracts; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts; an entertainment that is offered to the public; the force by which one object attracts another; an entertainer who attracts large audiences
  • attractive - adj. pleasing to the eye or mind especially through beauty or charm; having the properties of a magnet; the ability to draw or pull; having power to arouse interest
  • attribute - noun an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of an entity; a construct whereby objects or individuals can be distinguished; verb attribute or credit to; decide as to where something belongs in a scheme
  • attrition - noun the act of rubbing together; wearing something down by friction; a wearing down to weaken or destroy; sorrow for sin arising from fear of damnation; the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice; erosion by friction
  • atypical - adj. deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal; not representative of a group, class, or type
  • au - noun a unit of length used for distances within the solar system; equal to the mean distance between the Earth and the Sun (approximately 93 million miles or 150 million kilometers); a soft yellow malleable ductile (trivalent and univalent) metallic element; occurs mainly as nuggets in rocks and alluvial deposits; does not react with most chemicals but is attacked by chlorine and aqua regia
  • auburn - adj. (of hair) colored a moderate reddish-brown
  • audibility - noun quality or fact or degree of being audible or perceptible by the ear
  • audible - adj. heard or perceptible by the ear; noun a football play is changed orally after both teams have assumed their positions at the line of scrimmage
  • auditive - adj. of or relating to the process of hearing
  • auditor - noun a qualified accountant who inspects the accounting records and practices of a business or other organization; a student who attends a course but does not take it for credit; someone who listens attentively
  • auditory - adj. of or relating to the process of hearing
  • augment - verb enlarge or increase; grow or intensify
  • augmentation - noun the act of augmenting; the statement of a theme in notes of greater duration (usually twice the length of the original); the amount by which something increases
  • augmented - adj. added to or made greater in amount or number or strength
  • augury - noun an event that is experienced as indicating important things to come
  • august - adj. profoundly honored; of or befitting a lord; noun the month following July and preceding September
  • augustine - noun (Roman Catholic Church) one of the great fathers of the early Christian church; after a dramatic conversion to Christianity he became bishop of Hippo Regius in North Africa; St. Augustine emphasized man's need for grace (354-430)
  • augustus - noun Roman statesman who established the Roman Empire and became emperor in 27 BC; defeated Mark Antony and Cleopatra in 31 BC at Actium (63 BC - AD 14)
  • aura - noun an indication of radiant light drawn around the head of a saint; a sensation (as of a cold breeze or bright light) that precedes the onset of certain disorders such as a migraine attack or epileptic seizure; a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing
  • aural - adj. relating to or characterized by an aura; of or pertaining to hearing or the ear
  • auricle - noun the externally visible cartilaginous structure of the external ear; a small conical pouch projecting from the upper anterior part of each atrium of the heart
  • auricular - adj. pertaining to an auricle of the heart; relating to or perceived by or shaped like the organ of hearing; of or relating to near the ear
  • auscultation - noun listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)
  • auspices - noun kindly endorsement and guidance
  • australia - noun a nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony; the smallest continent; between the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean
  • australian - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Australia or its inhabitants; noun the Austronesian languages spoken by Australian aborigines; a native or inhabitant of Australia
  • austria - noun a mountainous republic in central Europe; under the Habsburgs (1278-1918) Austria maintained control of the Holy Roman Empire and was a leader in European politics until the 19th century
  • austria-hungary - noun a geographical area in central and eastern Europe; broken into separate countries at the end of World War I
  • authentic - adj. not counterfeit or copied; conforming to fact and therefore worthy of belief
  • author - noun someone who originates or causes or initiates something; writes (books or stories or articles or the like) professionally (for pay); verb be the author of
  • authorities - noun the organization that is the governing authority of a political unit
  • authority - noun official permission or approval; the power or right to give orders or make decisions; an authoritative written work; an expert whose views are taken as definitive; (usually plural) persons who exercise (administrative) control over others; freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities; an administrative unit of government
  • authorized - adj. endowed with authority; sanctioned by established authority
  • auto - noun a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine
  • autoclave - noun a device for heating substances above their boiling point; used to manufacture chemicals or to sterilize surgical instruments; verb subject to the action of an autoclave
  • automatic - adj. operating with minimal human intervention; independent of external control; like the unthinking functioning of a machine; without volition or conscious control; noun a pistol that will keep firing until the ammunition is gone or the trigger is released; light machine gun
  • automatically - adv. in a reflex manner; in a mechanical manner; by a mechanism
  • automatism - noun any reaction that occurs automatically without conscious thought or reflection (especially the undirected behavior seen in psychomotor epilepsy)
  • automobile - noun a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine; verb travel in an automobile
  • autoplasty - noun surgical repair by using tissue from another part of the patient's own body; tissue that is taken from one site and grafted to another site on the same person
  • autopsy - noun an examination and dissection of a dead body to determine cause of death or the changes produced by disease; verb perform an autopsy on a dead body; do a post-mortem
  • autumn - noun the season when the leaves fall from the trees
  • autumnal - adj. of or characteristic of or occurring in autumn; characteristic of late maturity verging on decline
  • auxiliary - adj. functioning in a subsidiary or supporting capacity; furnishing added support; noun someone who acts as assistant
  • avail - noun a means of serving; verb use to one's advantage; take or use; be of use to, be useful to
  • availability - noun the quality of being at hand when needed
  • available - adj. obtainable or accessible and ready for use or service; convenient for use or disposal; not busy; not otherwise committed
  • avenue - noun a line of approach; a wide street or thoroughfare
  • aver - verb to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true; report or maintain
  • average - adj. lacking special distinction, rank, or status; commonly encountered; around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures; approximating the statistical norm or average or expected value; lacking exceptional quality or ability; relating to or constituting the middle value of an ordered set of values (or the average of the middle two in a set with an even number of values); relating to or constituting the most frequent value in a distribution; noun a statistic describing the location of a distribution; verb compute the average of; achieve or reach on average; amount to or come to an average, without loss or gain
  • aversion - noun the act of turning yourself (or your gaze) away; a feeling of intense dislike
  • avert - verb turn away or aside; prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening
  • averting - noun the act of preventing something from occurring; the act of turning yourself (or your gaze) away
  • avian - adj. pertaining to or characteristic of birds
  • avoid - verb stay clear from; keep away from; keep out of the way of someone or something; refrain from doing something; refrain from certain foods or beverages; prevent the occurrence of; prevent from happening; declare invalid
  • avoidable - adj. capable of being avoided or warded off
  • avoidance - noun deliberately avoiding; keeping away from or preventing from happening
  • avoirdupois - noun a system of weights based on the 16-ounce pound (or 7,000 grains); excess bodily weight
  • avulsion - noun a forcible tearing or surgical separation of one body part from another; an abrupt change in the course of a stream that forms the boundary between two parcels of land resulting in the loss of part of the land of one landowner and a consequent increase in the land of another
  • await - verb look forward to the probable occurrence of
  • awake - adj. not in a state of sleep; completely conscious; (usually followed by `to') showing acute awareness; mentally perceptive; not unconscious; especially having become conscious; verb stop sleeping
  • awaken - verb cause to become awake or conscious; make aware; stop sleeping
  • awakened - adj. (somewhat formal) having been waked up; aroused or activated
  • aware - adj. (sometimes followed by `of') having or showing knowledge or understanding or realization or perception; aware or knowing; bearing in mind; attentive to
  • away - adj. (of a baseball pitch) on the far side of home plate from the batter; used of an opponent's ground; not present; having left; adv. from a particular thing or place or position (`forth' is obsolete); from one's possession; out of existence; indicating continuing action; continuously or steadily; in a different direction; in or into a proper place (especially for storage or safekeeping); so as to be removed or gotten rid of; freely or at will; in reserve; not for immediate use; out of the way (especially away from one's thoughts); at a distance in space or time
  • awkward - adj. not at ease socially; unsure and constrained in manner; causing inconvenience; hard to deal with; especially causing pain or embarrassment; not elegant or graceful in expression; lacking grace or skill in manner or movement or performance; difficult to handle or manage especially because of shape
  • awl - noun a pointed tool for marking surfaces or for punching small holes
  • awn - noun slender bristlelike appendage found on the bracts of grasses
  • awning - noun a canopy made of canvas to shelter people or things from rain or sun
  • ax - noun an edge tool with a heavy bladed head mounted across a handle; verb terminate; chop or split with an ax
  • axial - adj. situated on or along or in the direction of an axis; of or relating to or resembling an axis of rotation; relating to or attached to the axis
  • axil - noun the upper angle between an axis and an offshoot such as a branch or leafstalk
  • axilla - noun the hollow under the arm where it is joined to the shoulder
  • axillary - adj. of or relating to the armpit; of or relating to the axil
  • axiom - noun (logic) a proposition that is not susceptible of proof or disproof; its truth is assumed to be self-evident; a saying that is widely accepted on its own merits
  • axis - noun the center around which something rotates; the 2nd cervical vertebra; serves as a pivot for turning the head; a straight line through a body or figure that satisfies certain conditions; in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations; the main stem or central part about which plant organs or plant parts such as branches are arranged; a group of countries in special alliance
  • azure - adj. of a deep somewhat purplish blue color similar to that of a clear October sky; noun a light shade of blue; verb color azure
  • azygos - adj. occurring singly; not one of a pair

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

B

  • b - noun the blood group whose red cells carry the B antigen; the 2nd letter of the Roman alphabet; aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil; (physics) a unit of nuclear cross section; the effective circular area that one particle presents to another as a target for an encounter; a logarithmic unit of sound intensity equal to 10 decibels; a trivalent metalloid element; occurs both in a hard black crystal and in the form of a yellow or brown powder; originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • ba - noun a bachelor's degree in arts and sciences; a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group; found in barite
  • babe - noun a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk
  • babinski - noun extension upward of the toes when the sole of the foot is stroked firmly on the outer side from the heel to the front; normal in infants under the age of two years but a sign of brain or spinal cord injury in older persons
  • baby - noun a project of personal concern to someone; a very young mammal; (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women; the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young); a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk; an immature childish person; verb treat with excessive indulgence
  • bacillar - adj. formed like a bacillus; relating to or produced by or containing bacilli
  • bacillary - adj. formed like a bacillus; relating to or produced by or containing bacilli
  • bacillus - noun aerobic rod-shaped spore-producing bacterium; often occurring in chainlike formations; found primarily in soil
  • back - adj. located at or near the back of an animal; related to or located at the back; of an earlier date; adv. in or to or toward a past time; at or to or toward the back or rear; in repayment or retaliation; in or to or toward a former location; in or to or toward an original condition; in answer; noun the position of a player on a football team who is stationed behind the line of scrimmage; a support that you can lean against while sitting; the part of a garment that covers the back of your body; the posterior part of a human (or animal) body from the neck to the end of the spine; the part of something that is furthest from the normal viewer; (football) a person who plays in the backfield; the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book; the side that goes last or is not normally seen; the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord; verb strengthen by providing with a back or backing; establish as valid or genuine; shift to a counterclockwise direction; travel backward; cause to travel backward; support financial backing for; be behind; approve of; be in back of; place a bet on; give support or one's approval to
  • backache - noun an ache localized in the back
  • backed - adj. having a back or backing, usually of a specified type; used of film that is coated on the side opposite the emulsion with a substance to absorb light; having backing
  • background - noun (computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear; a person's social heritage: previous experience or training; information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem; the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground; relatively unimportant or inconspicuous accompanying situation; extraneous signals that can be confused with the phenomenon to be observed or measured; scenery hung at back of stage; the state of the environment in which a situation exists; verb understate the importance or quality of
  • backing - noun the act of providing approval and support; something forming a back that is added for strengthening; financial resources provided to make some project possible
  • backward - adj. directed or facing toward the back or rear; (used of temperament or behavior) marked by a retiring nature; retarded in intellectual development; adv. in a manner or order or direction the reverse of normal; in or to or toward a past time; at or to or toward the back or rear
  • bacon - noun back and sides of a hog salted and dried or smoked; usually sliced thin and fried; English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626); English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)
  • bacteremia - noun transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood
  • bacteria - noun (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
  • bacterial - adj. relating to or caused by bacteria
  • bactericidal - adj. preventing infection by inhibiting the growth or action of microorganisms
  • bactericide - noun any chemical agent that destroys bacteria; any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
  • bacteriology - noun the branch of medical science that studies bacteria in relation to disease
  • bacterium - noun (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
  • bad - adj. feeling physical discomfort or pain (`tough' is occasionally used colloquially for `bad'); (of foodstuffs) not in an edible or usable condition; not working properly; reproduced fraudulently; having undesirable or negative qualities; characterized by wickedness or immorality; capable of harming; physically unsound or diseased; very intense; not financially safe or secure; nonstandard; below average in quality or performance; not capable of being collected; feeling or expressing regret or sorrow or a sense of loss over something done or undone; adv. very much; strongly; with great intensity (`bad' is a nonstandard variant for `badly'); noun that which is below standard or expectations as of ethics or decency
  • badger - noun sturdy carnivorous burrowing mammal with strong claws widely distributed in the northern hemisphere; a native or resident of Wisconsin; verb persuade through constant efforts; annoy persistently
  • badly - adv. with unusual distress or resentment or regret or emotional display; in a disadvantageous way; to someone's disadvantage; without skill or in a displeasing manner; to a severe or serious degree; very much; strongly; with great intensity (`bad' is a nonstandard variant for `badly'); in a disobedient or naughty way; evilly or wickedly; (`ill' is often used as a combining form) in a poor or improper or unsatisfactory manner; not well; unfavorably or with disapproval
  • bag - noun a flexible container with a single opening; a portable rectangular container for carrying clothes; a container used for carrying money and small personal items or accessories (especially by women); an ugly or ill-tempered woman; the quantity of game taken in a particular period (usually by one person); the quantity that a bag will hold; an activity that you like or at which you are superior; mammary gland of bovids (cows and sheep and goats); place that runner must touch before scoring; verb capture or kill, as in hunting; put into a bag; hang loosely, like an empty bag; take unlawfully; bulge out; form a bulge outward, or be so full as to appear to bulge
  • baggage - noun a case used to carry belongings when traveling; the portable equipment and supplies of an army; a worthless or immoral woman
  • bagging - noun coarse fabric used for bags or sacks
  • bait - noun something used to lure victims into danger; anything that serves as an enticement; verb attack with dogs or set dogs upon; lure, entice, or entrap with bait; harass with persistent criticism or carping
  • bake - verb cook and make edible by putting in a hot oven; prepare with dry heat in an oven; heat by a natural force
  • baked - adj. (bread and pastries) cooked by dry heat (as in an oven); hardened by subjecting to intense heat; dried out by heat or excessive exposure to sunlight
  • baking - adj. as hot as if in an oven; noun cooking by dry heat in an oven; making bread or cake or pastry etc.
  • balance - noun a scale for weighing; depends on pull of gravity; equality between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account; the difference between the totals of the credit and debit sides of an account; equality of distribution; a state of equilibrium; a wheel that regulates the rate of movement in a machine; especially a wheel oscillating against the hairspring of a timepiece to regulate its beat; a weight that balances another weight; (mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation; exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane; harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design); the seventh sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about September 23 to October 22; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Libra; something left after other parts have been taken away; verb compute credits and debits of an account; bring into balance or equilibrium; be in equilibrium; hold or carry in equilibrium
  • balanced - adj. total debits and credits are equal; being in a state of proper balance or equilibrium
  • balanitis - noun inflammation of the head of the penis
  • balanoposthitis - noun inflammation of both the head of the penis and the foreskin
  • bald - adj. lacking hair on all or most of the scalp; without the natural or usual covering; with no effort to conceal; verb grow bald; lose hair on one's head
  • baldness - noun the condition of having no hair on the top of the head
  • baldwin - noun an American eating apple with red or yellow and red skin; English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1867-1947); United States author who was an outspoken critic of racism (1924-1987)
  • balfour - noun English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1848-1930)
  • ball - noun a pitch that is not in the strike zone; the game of baseball; round object that is hit or thrown or kicked in games; a spherical object used as a plaything; a more or less rounded anatomical body or mass; a lavish dance requiring formal attire; a compact mass; the people assembled at a lavish formal dance; United States comedienne best known as the star of a popular television program (1911-1989); an object with a spherical shape; a solid projectile that is shot by a musket; one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens; verb form into a ball by winding or rolling
  • ballast - noun any heavy material used to stabilize a ship or airship; an electrical device for starting and regulating fluorescent and discharge lamps; an attribute that tends to give stability in character and morals; something that steadies the mind or feelings; coarse gravel laid to form a bed for streets and railroads; a resistor inserted into a circuit to compensate for changes (as those arising from temperature fluctuations); verb make steady with a ballast
  • balloon - noun large tough nonrigid bag filled with gas or heated air; small thin inflatable rubber bag with narrow neck; verb become inflated; ride in a hot-air balloon
  • ballottement - noun a palpatory technique for feeling a floating object in the body (especially for determining the position of a fetus by feeling the rebound of the fetus after a quick digital tap on the wall of the uterus)
  • balm - noun any of various aromatic resinous substances used for healing and soothing; semisolid preparation (usually containing a medicine) applied externally as a remedy or for soothing an irritation
  • balsam - noun an ointment containing a fragrant resin; any seed plant yielding balsam; any of various fragrant oleoresins used in medicines and perfumes
  • balsamic - adj. of or relating to or containing balsam
  • baltic - adj. of or near or on the Baltic Sea; of or pertaining to or characteristic of the Baltic States or their peoples or languages; noun a branch of the Indo-European family of languages related to the Slavonic languages; Baltic languages have preserved many archaic features that are believed to have existed in Proto-Indo European; a sea in northern Europe; stronghold of the Russian navy
  • baltimore - noun the largest city in Maryland; a major seaport and industrial center
  • banal - adj. repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse
  • band - noun a thin flat strip of flexible material that is worn around the body or one of the limbs (especially to decorate the body); an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material; a restraint put around something to hold it together; a strip of material attached to the leg of a bird to identify it (as in studies of bird migration); a thin flat strip or loop of flexible material that goes around or over something else; a stripe or stripes of contrasting color; a range of frequencies between two limits; instrumentalists not including string players; jewelry consisting of a circlet of precious metal (often set with jewels) worn on the finger; a cord-like tissue connecting two larger parts of an anatomical structure; an unofficial association of people or groups; a group of musicians playing popular music for dancing; verb bind or tie together, as with a band; attach a ring to the foot of, in order to identify
  • bandage - noun a piece of soft material that covers and protects an injured part of the body; verb dress by covering or binding; wrap around with something so as to cover or enclose
  • bandaged - adj. covered or wrapped with a bandage
  • bandaging - noun the act of applying a bandage
  • bane - noun something causes misery or death
  • baneful - adj. exceedingly harmful; deadly or sinister
  • banishment - noun rejection by means of an act of banishing or proscribing someone; the state of being banished or ostracized (excluded from society by general consent)
  • banks - noun English botanist who accompanied Captain Cook on his first voyage to the Pacific Ocean (1743-1820)
  • banting - noun Canadian physiologist who discovered insulin with C. H. Best and who used it to treat diabetes(1891-1941); wild ox of the Malay Archipelago
  • bar - noun a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening or obstruction or weapon; an obstruction (usually metal) placed at the top of a goal; a counter where you can obtain food or drink; (law) a railing that encloses the part of the courtroom where the judges and lawyers sit and the case is tried; a heating element in an electric fire; a horizontal rod that serves as a support for gymnasts as they perform exercises; a submerged (or partly submerged) ridge in a river or along a shore; (meteorology) a unit of pressure equal to a million dynes per square centimeter; the act of preventing; a room or establishment where alcoholic drinks are served over a counter; a portable .30 caliber automatic rifle operated by gas pressure and fed by cartridges from a magazine; used by United States troops in World War I and in World War II and in the Korean War; a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); musical notation for a repeating pattern of musical beats; the body of individuals qualified to practice law in a particular jurisdiction; verb prevent from entering; keep out; secure with, or as if with, bars; render unsuitable for passage; expel, as if by official decree
  • barb - noun one of the parallel filaments projecting from the main shaft of a feather; a subsidiary point facing opposite from the main point that makes an arrowhead or spear hard to remove; the pointed part of barbed wire; an aggressive remark directed at a person like a missile and intended to have a telling effect; verb provide with barbs; provide with barbs
  • barbados - noun easternmost of the West Indies about 300 miles north of Venezuela; a parliamentary democracy on the island of Barbados; former British colony; a popular resort area
  • barbed - adj. having or covered with protective barbs or quills or spines or thorns or setae etc.; capable of wounding
  • barber - noun a hairdresser who cuts hair and shaves beards as a trade; United States composer (1910-1981); verb perform the services of a barber: cut the hair and/or beard of
  • barberry - noun any of numerous plants of the genus Berberis having prickly stems and yellow flowers followed by small red berries
  • bardeen - noun United States physicist who won the Nobel prize for physics twice (1908-1991)
  • bare - adj. lacking in amplitude or quantity; completely unclothed; having everything extraneous removed including contents; providing no shelter or sustenance; lacking its natural or customary covering; lacking a surface finish such as paint; apart from anything else; without additions or modifications; just barely adequate or within a lower limit; lacking embellishment or ornamentation; not having a protective covering; verb lay bare; lay bare; make public
  • bared - adj. having the head uncovered
  • barefoot - adj. without shoes; adv. without shoes on
  • barely - adv. by a small margin; in a sparse or scanty way
  • baring - noun the removal of covering
  • barium - noun a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali earth group; found in barite
  • bark - noun a sailing ship with 3 (or more) masts; the sound made by a dog; a noise resembling the bark of a dog; tough protective covering of the woody stems and roots of trees and other woody plants; verb tan (a skin) with bark tannins; speak in an unfriendly tone; make barking sounds; remove the bark of a tree; cover with bark
  • barker - noun someone who stands in front of a show (as at a carnival) and gives a loud colorful sales talk to potential customers; informal terms for dogs
  • barley - noun a grain of barley; cultivated since prehistoric times; grown for forage and grain
  • barometer - noun an instrument that measures atmospheric pressure
  • barometric - adj. relating to atmospheric pressure or indicated by a barometer
  • barred - adj. firmly fastened or secured against opening; preventing entry or exit or a course of action
  • barrel - noun a cylindrical container that holds liquids; a tube through which a bullet travels when a gun is fired; any of various units of capacity; the quantity that a barrel (of any size) will hold; a bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends; verb put in barrels
  • barrels - noun the amount that many barrels might hold
  • barrenness - noun the state (usually of a woman) of having no children or being unable to have children; a condition yielding nothing of value
  • barrier - noun a structure or object that impedes free movement; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective; anything serving to maintain separation by obstructing vision or access
  • barrio - noun an urban area in a Spanish-speaking country; a Spanish-speaking quarter in a town or city (especially in the United States)
  • bars - noun gymnastic apparatus consisting of two parallel wooden rods supported on uprights
  • barter - noun an equal exchange; verb exchange goods without involving money
  • basal - adj. of primary importance; serving as or forming a base; especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root-like stem
  • base - adj. debased; not genuine; illegitimate; having or showing an ignoble lack of honor or morality; of low birth or station (`base' is archaic in this sense); not adhering to ethical or moral principles; (used of metals) consisting of or alloyed with inferior metal; serving as or forming a base; noun a support or foundation; place that runner must touch before scoring; (electronics) the part of a transistor that separates the emitter from the collector; installation from which a military force initiates operations; a flat bottom on which something is intended to sit; the principal ingredient of a mixture; the place where you are stationed and from which missions start and end; (anatomy) the part of an organ nearest its point of attachment; the bottom or lowest part; (numeration system) the positive integer that is equivalent to one in the next higher counting place; the bottom side of a geometric figure from which the altitude can be constructed; any of various water-soluble compounds capable of turning litmus blue and reacting with an acid to form a salt and water; lowest support of a structure; the stock of basic facilities and capital equipment needed for the functioning of a country or area; the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained; (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are removed; a lower limit; a terrorist network intensely opposed to the United States that dispenses money and logistical support and training to a wide variety of radical Islamic terrorist groups; has cells in more than 50 countries; the most important or necessary part of something; verb use as a basis for; found on; assign to a station; use (purified cocaine) by burning it and inhaling the fumes
  • baseball - noun a ball game played with a bat and ball between two teams of nine players; teams take turns at bat trying to score runs; a ball used in playing baseball
  • based - adj. having a base of operations (often used as a combining form); having a base; having a basis; often used as combining terms; being derived from (often followed by `on' or `upon')
  • basic - adj. of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base; serving as a base or starting point; pertaining to or constituting a base or basis; reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality; noun (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant; a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use
  • basilar - adj. of or relating to or located at the base
  • basin - noun a bowl-shaped vessel; usually used for holding food or liquids; a natural depression in the surface of the land often with a lake at the bottom of it; the quantity that a basin will hold; a bathroom sink that is permanently installed and connected to a water supply and drainpipe; where you can wash your hands and face; the entire geographical area drained by a river and its tributaries
  • basis - noun the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained; the most important or necessary part of something; a relation that provides the foundation for something
  • basketball - noun a game played on a court by two opposing teams of 5 players; points are scored by throwing the ball through an elevated horizontal hoop; an inflated ball used in playing basketball
  • basle - noun a city in northwestern Switzerland
  • basophile - noun a leukocyte with basophilic granules easily stained by basic stains
  • basophilic - adj. staining readily with basic dyes
  • bass - adj. having or denoting a low vocal or instrumental range; noun nontechnical name for any of numerous edible marine and freshwater spiny-finned fishes; the member with the lowest range of a family of musical instruments; the lowest part of the musical range; the lowest adult male singing voice; the lowest part in polyphonic music; an adult male singer with the lowest voice; any of various North American freshwater fish with lean flesh (especially of the genus Micropterus); the lean flesh of a saltwater fish of the family Serranidae
  • bat - noun (baseball) a turn trying to get a hit; nocturnal mouselike mammal with forelimbs modified to form membranous wings and anatomical adaptations for echolocation by which they navigate; a club used for hitting a ball in various games; the club used in playing cricket; a small racket with a long handle used for playing squash; verb wink briefly; strike with, or as if with a baseball bat; use a bat; have a turn at bat; beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight
  • batch - noun a collection of things or persons to be handled together; all the loaves of bread baked at the same time; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent; verb batch together; assemble or process as a batch
  • bath - noun you soak and wash your body in a bathtub; a vessel containing liquid in which something is immersed (as to process it or to maintain it at a constant temperature or to lubricate it); a town in southwestern England on the River Avon; famous for its hot springs and Roman remains; an ancient Hebrew liquid measure equal to about 10 gallons; a room (as in a residence) containing a bathtub or shower and usually a washbasin and toilet; a relatively large open container that you fill with water and use to wash the body; verb clean one's body by immersion into water
  • bathe - noun the act of swimming; verb cleanse the entire body; clean one's body by immersion into water; suffuse with or as if with light
  • bather - noun a person who takes a bath; a person who travels through the water by swimming
  • bathing - noun immersing the body in water or sunshine; the act of washing yourself (or another person)
  • battalion - noun an army unit usually consisting of a headquarters and three or more companies; a large indefinite number
  • batter - noun a flour mixture thin enough to pour or drop from a spoon; (baseball) a ballplayer who is batting; verb make a dent or impression in; strike violently and repeatedly; strike against forcefully
  • battery - noun an assault in which the assailant makes physical contact; a device that produces electricity; may have several primary or secondary cells arranged in parallel or series; a series of stamps operated in one mortar for crushing ores; a collection of related things intended for use together; a unit composed of the pitcher and catcher; group of guns or missile launchers operated together at one place; the heavy fire of artillery to saturate an area rather than hit a specific target
  • batting - noun (baseball) the batter's attempt to get on base; stuffing made of rolls or sheets of cotton wool or synthetic fiber
  • battle - noun a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war; an energetic attempt to achieve something; an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals); verb battle or contend against in or as if in a battle
  • battledore - noun an ancient racket game; a light long-handled racket used by badminton players
  • baum - noun United States writer of children's books (1856-1919)
  • bavaria - noun a state in southern Germany famous for its beer; site of an automobile factory
  • bay - adj. (used of animals especially a horse) of a moderate reddish-brown color; noun a horse of a moderate reddish-brown color; a compartment in an aircraft used for some specific purpose; a compartment on a ship between decks; often used as a hospital; the sound of a hound on the scent; an indentation of a shoreline larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf; a small recess opening off a larger room; small Mediterranean evergreen tree with small blackish berries and glossy aromatic leaves used for flavoring in cooking; also used by ancient Greeks to crown victors; verb bark with prolonged noises, of dogs; utter in deep prolonged tones
  • bay rum - noun an aromatic liquid originally obtained by distilling the leaves of the bayberry tree with rum
  • bayard - noun French soldier said to be fearless and chivalrous (1473-1524)
  • bdellium - noun aromatic gum resin; similar to myrrh
  • be - noun a light strong brittle grey toxic bivalent metallic element; verb spend or use time; work in a specific place, with a specific subject, or in a specific function; have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); have life, be alive; be identical to; be someone or something; occupy a certain position or area; be somewhere; to remain unmolested, undisturbed, or uninterrupted -- used only in infinitive form; happen, occur, take place; have an existence, be extant; form or compose; be identical or equivalent to; represent, as of a character on stage; be priced at
  • bead - noun a small ball with a hole through the middle; a beaded molding for edging or decorating furniture; a shape that is spherical and small; verb string together like beads; decorate by sewing beads onto; form into beads, as of water or sweat, for example
  • beaded - adj. covered with beads or jewels or sequins; covered with beads of liquid
  • beads - noun several beads threaded together on a string
  • beak - noun horny projecting mouth of a bird; beaklike mouth of animals other than birds (e.g., turtles); informal terms for the nose; verb hit lightly with a picking motion
  • beaker - noun a cup (usually without a handle); a flatbottomed jar made of glass or plastic; used for chemistry
  • beam - noun long thick piece of wood or metal or concrete, etc., used in construction; (nautical) breadth amidships; a column of light (as from a beacon); a group of nearly parallel lines of electromagnetic radiation; a gymnastic apparatus used by women gymnasts; a signal transmitted along a narrow path; guides pilots in darkness or bad weather; verb smile radiantly; express joy through one's facial expression; express with a beaming face or smile; broadcast over the airwaves, as in radio or television; experience a feeling of well-being or happiness, as from good health or an intense emotion; have a complexion with a strong bright color, such as red or pink; emit light; be bright, as of the sun or a light
  • bean - noun any of various edible seeds of plants of the family Leguminosae used for food; any of various leguminous plants grown for their edible seeds and pods; any of various seeds or fruits that are beans or resemble beans; informal terms for a human head; verb hit on the head, especially with a pitched baseball
  • bear - noun massive plantigrade carnivorous or omnivorous mammals with long shaggy coats and strong claws; an investor with a pessimistic market outlook; an investor who expects prices to fall and so sells now in order to buy later at a lower price; verb move while holding up or supporting; bring forth, "The apple tree bore delicious apples this year"; take on as one's own the expenses or debts of another person; have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices; have; have on one's person; cause_to_be_born; be pregnant with; put up with something or somebody unpleasant; support or hold in a certain manner; bring in; behave in a certain manner; contain or hold; have within
  • bearable - adj. capable of being borne though unpleasant
  • bearberry - noun chiefly evergreen subshrubs of northern to arctic areas; deciduous shrub of southeastern and central United States; shrubby tree of the Pacific coast of the United States; yields cascara sagrada
  • beard - noun hairy growth on or near the face of certain mammals; the hair growing on the lower part of a man's face; a person who diverts suspicion from someone (especially a woman who accompanies a male homosexual in order to conceal his homosexuality); a tuft or growth of hairs or bristles on certain plants such as iris or grasses; tuft of strong filaments by which e.g. a mussel makes itself fast to a fixed surface; verb go along the rim, like a beard around the chin
  • bearded - adj. having a growth of hairlike awns; having hair on the cheeks and chin
  • bearer - noun a messenger who bears or presents; someone whose employment involves carrying something; the person who is in possession of a check or note or bond or document of title that is endorsed to him or to whoever holds it; one of the mourners carrying the coffin at a funeral
  • bearing - adj. (of a structural member) withstanding a weight or strain; producing or yielding; noun a rotating support placed between moving parts to allow them to move easily; dignified manner or conduct; the direction or path along which something moves or along which it lies; relevant relation or interconnection; heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield; characteristic way of bearing one's body
  • beat - adj. very tired; noun the act of beating to windward; sailing as close as possible to the direction from which the wind is blowing; a stroke or blow; a regular rate of repetition; the sound of stroke or blow; a regular route for a sentry or policeman; a single pulsation of an oscillation produced by adding two waves of different frequencies; has a frequency equal to the difference between the two oscillations; the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music; (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse; the rhythmic contraction and expansion of the arteries with each beat of the heart; a member of the beat generation; a nonconformist in dress and behavior; verb come out better in a competition, race, or conflict; give a beating to; subject to a beating, either as a punishment or as an act of aggression; hit repeatedly; strike (water or bushes) repeatedly to rouse animals for hunting; strike (a part of one's own body) repeatedly, as in great emotion or in accompaniment to music; stir vigorously; shape by beating; produce a rhythm by striking repeatedly; make by pounding or trampling; move rhythmically; indicate by beating, as with the fingers or drumsticks; sail with much tacking or with difficulty; move with a flapping motion; move with a thrashing motion; glare or strike with great intensity; avoid paying; be superior; wear out completely; be a mystery or bewildering to; beat through cleverness and wit; move with or as if with a regular alternating motion; make a rhythmic sound; make a sound like a clock or a timer
  • beaten - adj. much trodden and worn smooth or bare; formed or made thin by hammering
  • beating - adj. expanding and contracting rhythmically as to the beating of the heart; noun the act of inflicting corporal punishment with repeated blows; the act of overcoming or outdoing
  • beats - noun a United States youth subculture of the 1950s; rejected possessions or regular work or traditional dress; for communal living and psychedelic drugs and anarchism; favored modern forms of jazz (e.g., bebop)
  • beautiful - adj. aesthetically pleasing; delighting the senses or exciting intellectual or emotional admiration; (of weather) highly enjoyable
  • beauty - noun the qualities that give pleasure to the senses; an outstanding example of its kind; a very attractive or seductive looking woman
  • beck - noun a beckoning gesture
  • become - verb enter or assume a certain state or condition; come into existence; undergo a change or development; enhance the appearance of
  • becoming - adj. displaying or setting off to best advantage; according with custom or propriety
  • bed - noun a piece of furniture that provides a place to sleep; a plot of ground in which plants are growing; a foundation of earth or rock supporting a road or railroad track; the flat surface of a printing press on which the type form is laid in the last stage of producing a newspaper or magazine or book etc.; a depression forming the ground under a body of water; (geology) a stratum of rock (especially sedimentary rock); single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance; a stratum of ore or coal thick enough to be mined with profit; verb put to bed; place (plants) in a prepared bed of soil; furnish with a bed; prepare for sleep; have sexual intercourse with
  • bed bug - noun bug of temperate regions that infests especially beds and feeds on human blood
  • bed linen - noun linen or cotton articles for a bed (as sheets and pillowcases)
  • bedclothes - noun coverings that are used on a bed
  • bedded - adj. having a bed or beds as specified; deposited or arranged in horizontal layers
  • bedding - noun coverings that are used on a bed; material used to provide a bed for animals
  • bedridden - adj. confined to bed (by illness)
  • bedroom - noun a room used primarily for sleeping
  • bedside - noun space by the side of a bed (especially the bed of a sick or dying person)
  • bedtime - noun the time you go to bed
  • bee - noun any of numerous hairy-bodied insects including social and solitary species; a social gathering to carry out some communal task or to hold competitions
  • beech - noun any of several large deciduous trees with rounded spreading crowns and smooth grey bark and small sweet edible triangular nuts enclosed in burs; north temperate regions; wood of any of various beech trees; used for flooring and containers and plywood and tool handles
  • beechwood - noun wood of any of various beech trees; used for flooring and containers and plywood and tool handles
  • beef - noun cattle that are reared for their meat; meat from an adult domestic bovine; informal terms for objecting; verb complain
  • beef tea - noun an extract of beef (given to people who are ill)
  • beefsteak - noun a slice of beef usually cooked by broiling
  • beep - noun a short high tone produced as a signal or warning; verb call, summon, or alert with a beeper; make a loud noise
  • beer - noun a general name for alcoholic beverages made by fermenting a cereal (or mixture of cereals) flavored with hops
  • beeswax - noun a yellow to brown wax secreted by honeybees to build honeycombs; verb cover with beeswax
  • beetle - adj. jutting or overhanging; noun insect having biting mouthparts and front wings modified to form horny covers overlying the membranous rear wings; a tool resembling a hammer but with a large head (usually wooden); used to drive wedges or ram down paving stones or for crushing or beating or flattening or smoothing; verb beat with a beetle; fly or go in a manner resembling a beetle; be suspended over or hang over
  • beetroot - noun beet having a massively swollen red root; widely grown for human consumption; round red root vegetable
  • before - adv. earlier in time; previously; at or in the front
  • beforehand - adj. being ahead of time or need; adv. ahead of time; in anticipation
  • beget - verb make children
  • begin - noun Israeli statesman (born in Russia) who (as prime minister of Israel) negotiated a peace treaty with Anwar Sadat (then the president of Egypt) (1913-1992); verb set in motion, cause to start; begin to speak or say; begin to speak, understand, read, and write a language; achieve or accomplish in the least degree, usually used in the negative; begin an event that is implied and limited by the nature or inherent function of the direct object; have a beginning, in a temporal, spatial, or evaluative sense; have a beginning characterized in some specified way; have a beginning, of a temporal event; be the first item or point, constitute the beginning or start, come first in a series; take the first step or steps in carrying out an action
  • beginner - noun a person who founds or establishes some institution; someone new to a field or activity
  • beginning - adj. serving to begin; noun the act of starting something; the first part or section of something; the event consisting of the start of something; the place where something begins, where it springs into being; the time at which something is supposed to begin
  • begrimed - adj. thickly covered with ingrained dirt or soot
  • behalf - noun as the agent of or on someone's part (usually expressed as "on behalf of" rather than "in behalf of"); for someone's benefit (usually expressed as `in behalf' rather than `on behalf' and usually with a possessive)
  • behavior - noun manner of acting or controlling yourself; (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation; the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances; (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  • behind - adj. having the lower score or lagging position in a contest; adv. in or to or toward the rear; remaining in a place or condition that has been left or departed from; in debt; in or into an inferior position; of timepieces; noun the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • behring - noun Danish explorer who explored the northern Pacific Ocean for the Russians and discovered the Bering Strait (1681-1741)
  • being - noun the state or fact of existing; a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
  • belch - noun a reflex that expels wind noisily from the stomach through the mouth; verb expel gas from the stomach; become active and spew forth lava and rocks
  • belching - noun the forceful expulsion of something from inside; a reflex that expels wind noisily from the stomach through the mouth
  • belief - noun any cognitive content held as true; a vague idea in which some confidence is placed
  • believe - verb accept as true; take to be true; credit with veracity; follow a credo; have a faith; be a believer; be confident about something; judge or regard; look upon; judge
  • believing - noun the cognitive process that leads to convictions
  • bell - noun a hollow device made of metal that makes a ringing sound when struck; the flared opening of a tubular device; the sound of a bell being struck; United States inventor (born in Scotland) of the telephone (1847-1922); English painter; sister of Virginia Woolf; prominent member of the Bloomsbury Group (1879-1961); a phonetician and father of Alexander Graham Bell (1819-1905); the shape of a bell; (nautical) each of the eight half-hour units of nautical time signaled by strokes of a ship's bell; eight bells signals 4:00, 8:00, or 12:00 o'clock, either a.m. or p.m.; a percussion instrument consisting of a set of tuned bells that are struck with a hammer; used as an orchestral instrument; a push button at an outer door that gives a ringing or buzzing signal when pushed; verb attach a bell to
  • belladonna - noun an alkaloidal extract or tincture of the poisonous belladonna plant that is used medicinally; perennial Eurasian herb with reddish bell-shaped flowers and shining black berries; extensively grown in United States; roots and leaves yield atropine
  • bellingham - noun a town in northeastern Washington on a bay near the Canadian border
  • bellini - noun Italian composer of operas (1801-1835)
  • bellows - noun a mechanical device that blows a strong current of air; used to make a fire burn more fiercely or to sound a musical instrument
  • belly - noun the underpart of the body of certain vertebrates such as snakes or fish; a protruding abdomen; the hollow inside of something; a part that bulges deeply; the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis; verb swell out or bulge out
  • belong - verb be owned by; be in the possession of; be classified with; be suitable or acceptable; be in the right place or situation; originate (in)
  • belonging - noun happiness felt in a secure relationship
  • below - adv. at a later place; in or to a place that is lower; (in writing) see below; on a floor below; further down
  • belt - noun a band to tie or buckle around the body (usually at the waist); endless loop of flexible material between two rotating shafts or pulleys; an elongated region where a specific condition is found; the act of hitting vigorously; a vigorous blow; a path or strip (as cut by one course of mowing); verb fasten with a belt; deliver a blow to; sing loudly and forcefully
  • ben - noun a mountain or tall hill
  • bench - noun a long seat for more than one person; (law) the seat for judges in a courtroom; the reserve players on a team; the magistrate or judge or judges sitting in court in judicial capacity to compose the court collectively; a strong worktable for a carpenter or mechanic; persons who administer justice; a level shelf of land interrupting a declivity (with steep slopes above and below); verb exhibit on a bench; take out of a game; of players
  • bend - noun curved segment (of a road or river or railroad track etc.); diagonal line traversing a shield from the upper right corner to the lower left; a town in central Oregon at the eastern foot of the Cascade Range; a circular segment of a curve; movement that causes the formation of a curve; an angular or rounded shape made by folding; verb change direction; form a curve; cause (a plastic object) to assume a crooked or angular form; bend a joint; turn from a straight course , fixed direction, or line of interest; bend one's back forward from the waist on down
  • bending - adj. not remaining rigid or straight; noun the act of bending something; movement that causes the formation of a curve; the property of being bent or deflected
  • bends - noun pain resulting from rapid change in pressure
  • beneath - adv. in or to a place that is lower
  • beneficent - adj. doing or producing good; generous in assistance to the poor
  • beneficial - adj. promoting or enhancing well-being; tending to promote physical well-being; beneficial to health
  • benefit - noun something that aids or promotes well-being; a performance to raise money for a charitable cause; financial assistance in time of need; verb be beneficial for; derive a benefit from
  • benign - adj. pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence; kindness of disposition or manner; not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
  • benignant - adj. characterized by kindness and warm courtesy especially of a king to his subjects; pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence
  • benjamin - noun (Old Testament) the youngest and best-loved son of Jacob and Rachel and one of the twelve forebears of the tribes of Israel; gum resin used especially in treating skin irritation
  • bennett - noun United States aviator who (with Richard E. Byrd) piloted the first flight over the North Pole (1890-1928)
  • bent - adj. of metal e.g.; used especially of the head or upper back; fixed in your purpose; altered from an originally straight condition; used of the back and knees; stooped; noun a special way of doing something; a relatively permanent inclination to react in a particular way; an area of grassland unbounded by fences or hedges; grass for pastures and lawns especially bowling and putting greens
  • benumb - verb make numb or insensitive
  • benzene - noun a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds
  • benzine - noun a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds
  • benzoate - noun any salt or ester of benzoic acid
  • benzoic - adj. containing or derived from benzoic acid or benzoin
  • benzoin - noun used in some classifications for the American spicebush and certain other plants often included in the genus Lindera; gum resin used especially in treating skin irritation
  • benzol - noun a colorless liquid hydrocarbon; highly inflammable; carcinogenic; the simplest of the aromatic compounds
  • berberis - noun large genus of shrubs of temperate zones of New and Old Worlds
  • bergamot - noun small tree with pear-shaped fruit whose oil is used in perfumery; Italy
  • beriberi - noun avitaminosis caused by lack of thiamine (vitamin B1)
  • berkeley - noun a city in California on the eastern shore of San Francisco Bay; site of the University of California at Berkeley; Irish philosopher and Anglican bishop who opposed the materialism of Thomas Hobbes (1685-1753)
  • berlin - noun a limousine with a glass partition between the front and back seats; capital of Germany located in eastern Germany; United States songwriter (born in Russia) who wrote more than 1500 songs and several musical comedies (1888-1989)
  • bermuda - noun a group of islands in the Atlantic off the Carolina coast; British colony; a popular resort
  • berry - noun any of numerous small and pulpy edible fruits; used as desserts or in making jams and jellies and preserves; United States rock singer (born in 1931); a small fruit having any of various structures, e.g., simple (grape or blueberry) or aggregate (blackberry or raspberry); verb pick or gather berries
  • berth - noun a bed on a ship or train; usually in tiers; a job in an organization; a place where a craft can be made fast; verb provide with a berth; come into or dock at a wharf; secure in or as if in a berth or dock
  • beset - verb assail or attack on all sides: "The zebra was beset by leopards"; decorate or cover lavishly (as with gems); annoy continually or chronically
  • besides - adv. making an additional point; anyway; in addition
  • best - adj. (superlative of `good') having the most positive qualities; (comparative and superlative of `well') wiser or more advantageous and hence advisable; adv. it would be sensible; in a most excellent way or manner; from a position of superiority or authority; noun the supreme effort one can make; the person who is most outstanding or excellent; someone who tops all others; Canadian physiologist (born in the United States) who assisted F. G. Banting in research leading to the discovery of insulin (1899-1978); verb get the better of
  • bestow - verb give as a gift; present; bestow a quality on
  • beta - adj. preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product; second in order of importance; noun the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet; beets
  • beta-naphthol - noun an isomer of naphthol used in rubber as an antioxidant
  • betray - verb reveal unintentionally; deliver to an enemy by treachery; give away information about somebody; cause someone to believe an untruth; disappoint, prove undependable to; abandon, forsake; be sexually unfaithful to one's partner in marriage
  • better - adj. (comparative and superlative of `well') wiser or more advantageous and hence advisable; (comparative of `good') superior to another (of the same class or set or kind) in excellence or quality or desirability or suitability; more highly skilled than another; (comparative of `good') changed for the better in health or fitness; more than half; adv. comparative of `well'; in a better or more excellent manner or more advantageously or attractively or to a greater degree etc.; from a position of superiority or authority; noun the superior one of two alternatives; a superior person having claim to precedence; someone who bets; verb get better; to make better; surpass in excellence
  • betterment - noun an improvement that adds to the value of a property or facility; the act of relieving ills and changing for the better; a change for the better; progress in development
  • betula - noun a genus of trees of the family Betulaceae (such as birches)
  • between - adv. in between; in the interval
  • beverage - noun any liquid suitable for drinking
  • bewildered - adj. perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment
  • beyond - adv. in addition; farther along in space or time or degree; on the farther side from the observer
  • bhang - noun a preparation of the leaves and flowers of the hemp plant; much used in India
  • bi - noun a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically); usually recovered as a by-product from ores of other metals
  • bias - adj. slanting diagonally across the grain of a fabric; noun a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation; a line or cut across a fabric that is not at right angles to a side of the fabric; verb cause to be biased; influence in an unfair way
  • bicarbonate - noun a salt of carbonic acid (containing the anion HCO3) in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced; an acid carbonate
  • biceps - noun any skeletal muscle having two origins (but especially the muscle that flexes the forearm)
  • bichromate - noun a salt of the hypothetical dichromic acid
  • bicipital - adj. having two heads or points of origin as a biceps
  • biconvex - adj. convex on both sides; shaped like a lentil
  • bicornuate - adj. having two horns or horn-shaped parts
  • bicuspid - adj. having two cusps or points (especially a molar tooth); noun a tooth having two cusps or points; located between the incisors and the molars
  • bicycle - noun a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot pedals; verb ride a bicycle
  • bid - noun an attempt to get something; (bridge) the number of tricks a bridge player is willing to contract to make; a formal proposal to buy at a specified price; an authoritative direction or instruction to do something; verb ask for or request earnestly; make a serious effort to attain something; make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands; ask someone in a friendly way to do something; invoke upon; propose a payment
  • biennial - adj. having a life cycle lasting two seasons; occurring every second year; noun a plant having a life cycle that normally takes two seasons from germination to death to complete; flowering biennials usually bloom and fruit in the second season
  • bier - noun a stand to support a corpse or a coffin prior to burial; a coffin along with its stand
  • bifid - adj. divided into two lobes
  • bifocals - noun eyeglasses having two focal lengths
  • bifurcated - adj. divided into or made up of two parts
  • bifurcation - noun the act of splitting into two branches; the place where something divides into two branches; a bifurcating branch (one or both of them)
  • big - adj. in an advanced stage of pregnancy; conspicuous in position or importance; given or giving freely; generous and understanding and tolerant; marked by intense physical force; significant; loud and firm; feeling self-importance; prodigious; above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent; (of animals) fully developed; very intense; exhibiting self-importance; adv. in a major way; on a grand scale; extremely well; in a boastful manner
  • bilateral - adj. having two sides or parts; affecting or undertaken by two parties; having identical parts on each side of an axis
  • bilberry - noun blue-black berries similar to American blueberries; erect blueberry of western United States having solitary flowers and somewhat sour berries; erect European blueberry having solitary flowers and blue-black berries
  • bile - noun a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
  • bile duct - noun a duct formed by the hepatic and cystic ducts; opens into the duodenum
  • bilharziasis - noun an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
  • biliary - adj. relating to the bile ducts or the gallbladder; relating to or containing bile
  • bilious - adj. suffering from or suggesting a liver disorder or gastric distress; relating to or containing bile; irritable as if suffering from indigestion
  • biliousness - noun gastric distress caused by a disorder of the liver or gall bladder; a disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger
  • bilirubin - noun an orange-yellow pigment in the bile that forms as a product of hemoglobin; excess amounts in the blood produce the yellow appearance observed in jaundice
  • bill - noun the entertainment offered at a public presentation; a brim that projects to the front to shade the eyes; a long-handled saw with a curved blade; a list of particulars (as a playbill or bill of fare); an itemized statement of money owed for goods shipped or services rendered; a statute in draft before it becomes law; a piece of paper money (especially one issued by a central bank); horny projecting mouth of a bird; a sign posted in a public place as an advertisement; an advertisement (usually printed on a page or in a leaflet) intended for wide distribution; verb advertise especially by posters or placards; publicize or announce by placards; demand payment
  • billings - noun the largest city in Montana; located in southern Montana on the Yellowstone river
  • bilocular - adj. divided into or containing two cells or chambers
  • bimanual - adj. requiring two hands or designed for two people
  • bin - noun a container; usually has a lid; the quantity contained in a bin; an identification number consisting of a two-part code assigned to banks and savings associations; the first part shows the location and the second identifies the bank itself; verb store in bins
  • binaural - adj. relating to or having or hearing with two ears
  • bind - noun something that hinders as if with bonds; verb form a chemical bond with; make fast; tie or secure, with or as if with a rope; wrap around with something so as to cover or enclose; provide with a binding; create social or emotional ties; cause to be constipated; bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted; fasten or secure with a rope, string, or cord; secure with or as if with ropes; stick to firmly
  • binder - noun something used to tie or bind; holds loose papers or magazines; a machine that cuts grain and binds it in sheaves; something used to bind separate particles together or facilitate adhesion to a surface
  • binding - adj. causing constipation; hindering freedom of movement; executed with proper legal authority; noun the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book; strip sewn over or along an edge for reinforcement or decoration; the capacity to attract and hold something; the act of applying a bandage
  • biologic - adj. pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • biological - adj. of parents and children; related by blood; pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • biology - noun the science that studies living organisms; characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms; all the plant and animal life of a particular region
  • bipartite - adj. involving two parts or elements; divided into two portions almost to the base
  • bipolar - adj. having two poles; of, pertaining to, or occurring in both polar regions; of or relating to manic depressive illness
  • birch - adj. consisting of or made of wood of the birch tree; noun a switch consisting of a twig or a bundle of twigs from a birch tree; used to hit people as punishment; any betulaceous tree or shrub of the genus Betula having a thin peeling bark; hard close-grained wood of any of various birch trees; used especially in furniture and interior finishes and plywood; verb whip with a birch twig
  • bird - noun warm-blooded egg-laying vertebrates characterized by feathers and forelimbs modified as wings; the flesh of a bird or fowl (wild or domestic) used as food; badminton equipment consisting of a ball of cork or rubber with a crown of feathers; a cry or noise made to express displeasure or contempt; informal terms for a (young) woman; verb watch and study birds in their natural habitat
  • birmingham - noun a city in central England; 2nd largest English city and an important industrial and transportation center; the largest city in Alabama; located in northeastern Alabama
  • birth - noun the event of being born; the time when something begins (especially life); the process of giving birth; the kinship relation of an offspring to the parents; verb cause_to_be_born
  • biscuit - noun small round bread leavened with baking-powder or soda; any of various small flat sweet cakes (`biscuit' is the British term)
  • bismarck - noun capital of the state of North Dakota; located in south central North Dakota overlooking the Missouri river; German statesman under whose leadership Germany was united (1815-1898)
  • bismuth - noun a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically); usually recovered as a by-product from ores of other metals
  • bisque - noun a thick cream soup made from shellfish
  • bit - noun the cutting part of a drill; usually pointed and threaded and is replaceable in a brace or bitstock or drill press; piece of metal held in horse's mouth by reins and used to control the horse while riding; a small fragment of something broken off from the whole; a unit of measurement of information (from binary + digit); the amount of information in a system having two equiprobable states; a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program; a small fragment; an instance of some kind; a small amount of solid food; a mouthful; a small quantity; an indefinitely short time
  • bitartrate - noun an acid tartrate; a hydrogen tartrate
  • bite - noun a portion removed from the whole; the act of gripping or chewing off with the teeth and jaws; (angling) an instance of a fish taking the bait; a light informal meal; a wound resulting from biting by an animal or a person; a strong odor or taste property; wit having a sharp and caustic quality; a small amount of solid food; a mouthful; a painful wound caused by the thrust of an insect's stinger into skin; verb penetrate or cut, as with a knife; to grip, cut off, or tear with or as if with the teeth or jaws; cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort; deliver a sting to
  • biting - adj. causing a sharply painful or stinging sensation; used especially of cold; capable of wounding
  • bitter - adj. proceeding from or exhibiting great hostility or animosity; expressive of severe grief or regret; one of the four basic taste sensations; sharp and disagreeable; like the taste of quinine; very difficult to accept or bear; marked by strong resentment or cynicism; causing a sharply painful or stinging sensation; used especially of cold; harsh or corrosive in tone; adv. extremely and sharply; noun the taste experience when quinine or coffee is taken into the mouth; English term for a dry sharp-tasting ale with strong flavor of hops (usually on draft); the property of having a harsh unpleasant taste; verb make bitter
  • bitter almond - noun almond trees having white blossoms and poisonous nuts yielding an oil used for flavoring and for medicinal purposes
  • bitter orange - noun highly acidic orange used especially in marmalade; any of various common orange trees yielding sour or bitter fruit; used as grafting stock
  • bitterly - adv. in a resentful manner; indicating something hard to accept; extremely and sharply
  • bitterness - noun a rough and bitter manner; the property of having a harsh unpleasant taste; the taste experience when quinine or coffee is taken into the mouth; a feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will
  • bitters - noun alcoholic liquor flavored with bitter herbs and roots
  • bituminous - adj. resembling or containing bitumen
  • bivalent - adj. used of homologous chromosomes associated in pairs in synapsis; having a valence of two or having two valences
  • bivalve - adj. used of mollusks having two shells (as clams etc.); noun marine or freshwater mollusks having a soft body with platelike gills enclosed within two shells hinged together
  • bizarre - adj. conspicuously or grossly unconventional or unusual
  • black - adj. marked by anger or resentment or hostility; of or belonging to a racial group having dark skin especially of sub-Saharan African origin; extremely dark; being of the achromatic color of maximum darkness; having little or no hue owing to absorption of almost all incident light; (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood; soiled with dirt or soot; dressed in black; (of coffee) without cream or sugar; (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin; stemming from evil characteristics or forces; wicked or dishonorable; (used of conduct or character) deserving or bringing disgrace or shame; offering little or no hope; (of intelligence operations) deliberately misleading; harshly ironic or sinister; distributed or sold illicitly; noun black clothing (worn as a sign of mourning); (board games) the darker pieces; the quality or state of the achromatic color of least lightness (bearing the least resemblance to white); a person with dark skin who comes from Africa (or whose ancestors came from Africa); popular child actress of the 1930's (born in 1928); British chemist who identified carbon dioxide and who formulated the concepts of specific heat and latent heat (1728-1799); total absence of light; verb make or become black
  • blackberry - noun large sweet black or very dark purple edible aggregate fruit of any of various bushes of the genus Rubus; bramble with sweet edible black or dark purple berries that usually do not separate from the receptacle; verb pick or gather blackberries
  • blackboard - noun sheet of slate; for writing with chalk
  • blacken - verb make or become black; burn slightly and superficially so as to affect color
  • blackened - adj. darkened by smoke; (of the face) made black especially as with suffused blood
  • blackish - adj. of something that is somewhat black
  • blackwater - noun any of several human or animal diseases characterized by dark urine resulting from rapid breakdown of red blood cells
  • bladder - noun a bag that fills with air; a distensible membranous sac (usually containing liquid or gas)
  • blade - noun the flat part of a tool or weapon that (usually) has a cutting edge; flat surface that rotates and pushes against air or water; the part of the skate that slides on the ice; a broad flat body part (as of the shoulder or tongue); a cut of beef from the shoulder blade; something long and thin resembling a blade of grass; a dashing young man; especially a leaf of grass or the broad portion of a leaf as distinct from the petiole; a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard
  • blake - noun visionary British poet and painter (1757-1827)
  • blamed - adj. expletives used informally as intensifiers
  • blameworthy - adj. deserving blame or censure as being wrong or evil or injurious
  • blanc - noun a white sauce of fat, broth, and vegetables (used especially with braised meat)
  • blanch - verb cook (vegetables) briefly; turn pale, as if in fear
  • blanched - adj. anemic looking from illness or emotion; (especially of plants) developed without chlorophyll by being deprived of light
  • bland - adj. lacking stimulating characteristics; uninteresting; lacking taste or flavor or tang; smoothly agreeable and courteous with a degree of sophistication
  • blank - adj. void of expression; (of a surface) not written or printed on; not charged with a bullet; noun a cartridge containing an explosive charge but no bullet; a piece of material ready to be made into something; a substitute for a taboo word; a blank gap or missing part; a blank character used to separate successive words in writing or printing; verb keep the opposing (baseball) team from winning
  • blanket - adj. broad in scope or content; noun bedding that keeps a person warm in bed; a layer of lead surrounding the highly reactive core of a nuclear reactor; anything that covers; verb cover as if with a blanket; form a blanket-like cover (over)
  • blast - noun a very long fly ball; an explosion (as of dynamite); intense adverse criticism; a highly pleasurable or exciting experience; a sudden very loud noise; a strong current of air; verb use explosives on; make a strident sound; hit hard
  • blasting - adj. causing injury or blight; especially affecting with sudden violence or plague or ruin; unpleasantly loud and penetrating
  • blastomycosis - noun any of several infections of the skin or mucous membrane caused by Blastomyces
  • blatta - noun type genus of the Blattidae: cockroaches infesting buildings worldwide
  • bleach - noun the act of whitening something by bleaching it (exposing it to sunlight or using a chemical bleaching agent); the whiteness that results from removing the color from something; an agent that makes things white or colorless; verb make whiter or lighter; remove color from
  • bleached - adj. having lost freshness or brilliance of color; (used of color) artificially produced; not natural
  • blear - adj. tired to the point of exhaustion; verb make dim or indistinct
  • bleb - noun (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid
  • bleed - verb draw blood; drain of liquid or steam; get or extort (money or other possessions) from someone; lose blood from one's body; be diffused
  • bleeding - noun flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
  • blemish - noun a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body); verb mar or impair with a flaw; add a flaw or blemish to; make imperfect or defective; mar or spoil the appearance of
  • blend - noun the act of blending components together thoroughly; a new word formed by joining two others and combining their meanings; an occurrence of thorough mixing; verb mix together different elements; combine into one; blend or harmonize
  • blende - noun an ore that is the chief source of zinc; consists largely of zinc sulfide in crystalline form
  • blended - adj. combined or mixed together so that the constituent parts are indistinguishable
  • blepharitis - noun inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
  • blepharospasm - noun spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
  • blighted - adj. affected by blight--anything that mars or events growth or prosperity
  • blind - adj. unable or unwilling to perceive or understand; not based on reason or evidence; unable to see; noun something that keeps things out or hinders sight; a hiding place sometimes used by hunters (especially duck hunters); people who have severe visual impairments, considered as a group; something intended to misrepresent the true nature of an activity; verb make dim by comparison or conceal; make blind by putting the eyes out; render unable to see
  • blindly - adv. without preparation or reflection; without a rational basis; without seeing or looking
  • blindness - noun the state of being blind or lacking sight
  • blister - noun (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid; verb get blistered; cause blisters to from on; subject to harsh criticism
  • blistered - adj. (of skin) having blisters (swellings containing watery fluid) caused by burning or irritation
  • blistering - adj. very fast; capable of quick response and great speed; hot enough to raise (or as if to raise) blisters; marked by harshly abusive criticism; harsh or corrosive in tone; noun the formation of vesicles
  • bloated - adj. abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas
  • block - noun a solid piece of something (usually having flat rectangular sides); housing in a large building that is divided into separate units; an inability to remember or think of something you normally can do; often caused by emotional tension; a number or quantity of related things dealt with as a unit; a rectangular area in a city surrounded by streets and usually containing several buildings; (computer science) a sector or group of sectors that function as the smallest data unit permitted; a three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides; the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements; a platform from which an auctioneer sells; an obstruction in a pipe or tube; a metal casting containing the cylinders and cooling ducts of an engine; a simple machine consisting of a wheel with a groove in which a rope can run to change the direction or point of application of a force applied to the rope; verb shape into a block or blocks; shape by using a block; support, secure, or raise with a block; stamp or emboss a title or design on a book with a block; interrupt the normal function of by means of anesthesia; run on a block system; prohibit the conversion or use of (assets); be unable to remember; interfere with or prevent the reception of signals; impede the movement of (an opponent or a ball); block passage through; render unsuitable for passage; obstruct; shut out from view or get in the way so as to hide from sight; hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of; stop from happening or developing
  • blocked - adj. completely obstructed or closed off; closed to traffic
  • blocking - noun the act of obstructing or deflecting someone's movements
  • blond - adj. being or having light colored skin and hair and usually blue or grey eyes; noun a light grayish yellow to near white; a person with fair skin and hair
  • blood - noun temperament or disposition; the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart; people viewed as members of a group; the descendants of one individual; a dissolute man in fashionable society; verb smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
  • blood clot - noun a semisolid mass of coagulated red and white blood cells
  • blood corpuscle - noun either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets
  • blood count - noun the act of estimating the number of red and white corpuscles in a blood sample; the number of red and white corpuscles in a blood sample
  • blood extravasation - noun the leakage of blood from a vessel into tissues surrounding it; can occur in injuries or burns or allergic reactions
  • blood heat - noun temperature of the body; normally 98.6 F or 37 C in humans; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • blood poisoning - noun invasion of the bloodstream by virulent microorganisms from a focus of infection
  • blood pressure - noun the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • blood-red - adj. of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies
  • blood serum - noun watery fluid of the blood that resembles plasma but contains fibrinogen
  • bloodless - adj. destitute of blood or apparently so; free from blood or bloodshed; devoid of human emotion or feeling; without vigor or zest or energy; anemic looking from illness or emotion
  • bloodletting - noun formerly used as a treatment to reduce excess blood (one of the four humors of medieval medicine); indiscriminate slaughter
  • bloody - adj. having or covered with or accompanied by blood; (used of persons) informal intensifiers; adv. extremely; verb cover with blood
  • blotch - noun an irregularly shaped spot; verb mark with spots or blotches of different color or shades of color as if stained
  • blow - noun forceful exhalation through the nose or mouth; a powerful stroke with the fist or a weapon; an impact (as from a collision); street names for cocaine; an unpleasant or disappointing surprise; an unfortunate happening that hinders or impedes; something that is thwarting or frustrating; a strong current of air; verb exhale hard; free of obstruction by blowing air through; burst suddenly; shape by blowing; allow to regain its breath; cause to be revealed and jeopardized; lay eggs; spout moist air from the blowhole; cause to move by means of an air current; cause air to go in, on, or through; play or sound a wind instrument; make a sound as if blown; sound by having air expelled through a tube; spend lavishly or wastefully on; be blowing or storming; melt, break, or become otherwise unusable; show off; leave; informal or rude; be in motion due to some air or water current; provide sexual gratification through oral stimulation; spend thoughtlessly; throw away; make a mess of, destroy or ruin
  • blower - noun a device that produces a current of air; large aquatic carnivorous mammal with fin-like forelimbs no hind limbs, including: whales; dolphins; porpoises; narwhals; a fan run by an electric motor
  • blowing - noun processing that involves blowing a gas
  • blown - adj. breathing laboriously or convulsively; being moved or acted upon by moving air or vapor; (of glass) formed by forcing air into a molten ball
  • blubber - noun an insulating layer of fat under the skin of whales and other large marine mammals; used as a source of oil; excess bodily weight; verb utter while crying; cry or whine with snuffling
  • blue - adj. causing dejection; of the color intermediate between green and violet; having a color similar to that of a clear unclouded sky; low in spirits; morally rigorous and strict; used to signify the Union forces in the American Civil War (who wore blue uniforms); suggestive of sexual impropriety; characterized by profanity or cursing; belonging to or characteristic of the nobility or aristocracy; noun any of numerous small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae; blue clothing; blue color or pigment; resembling the color of the clear sky in the daytime; any organization or party whose uniforms or badges are blue; the sodium salt of amobarbital that is used as a barbiturate; used as a sedative and a hypnotic; the sky as viewed during daylight; used to whiten laundry or hair or give it a bluish tinge; verb turn blue
  • blue gum - noun tall fast-growing timber tree with leaves containing a medicinal oil; young leaves are bluish
  • blue stone - noun hydrated blue crystalline form of copper sulfate
  • bluefish - noun bluish warm-water marine food and game fish that follow schools of small fishes into shallow waters; fatty bluish flesh of bluefish
  • blueness - noun blue color or pigment; resembling the color of the clear sky in the daytime
  • blues - noun a type of folksong that originated among Black Americans at the beginning of the 20th century; has a melancholy sound from repeated use of blue notes; a state of depression
  • bluing - noun a process that makes something blue (or bluish); used to whiten laundry or hair or give it a bluish tinge
  • bluish - adj. of the color intermediate between green and violet; having a color similar to that of a clear unclouded sky
  • bluish green - adj. of a bluish shade of green; noun a blue-green color or pigment
  • blunt - adj. devoid of any qualifications or disguise or adornment; characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion; used of a knife or other blade; not sharp; having a broad or rounded end; verb make less sharp; make less intense; make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation; make dull or blunt; make numb or insensitive
  • blur - noun a hazy or indistinct representation; verb become vague or indistinct; make dim or indistinct; to make less distinct or clear; make unclear, indistinct, or blurred; make a smudge on; soil by smudging; become glassy; lose clear vision
  • blurred - adj. unclear in form or expression; indistinct or hazy in outline
  • blushing - adj. having a red face from embarrassment or shame or agitation or emotional upset
  • board - noun a flat piece of material designed for a special purpose; a flat portable surface (usually rectangular) designed for board games; food or meals in general; a committee having supervisory powers; a stout length of sawn timber; made in a wide variety of sizes and used for many purposes; a printed circuit that can be inserted into expansion slots in a computer to increase the computer's capabilities; electrical device consisting of a flat insulated surface that contains switches and dials and meters for controlling other electrical devices; a table at which meals are served; a vertical surface on which information can be displayed to public view; verb provide food and lodging (for); lodge and take meals (at); get on board of (trains, buses, ships, aircraft, etc.); live and take one's meals at or in
  • boarder - noun a pupil who lives at school during term time; someone who forces their way aboard ship; a tenant in someone's house
  • boards - noun the boarding that surrounds an ice hockey rink; the stage of a theater
  • boat - noun a small vessel for travel on water; a dish (often boat-shaped) for serving gravy or sauce; verb ride in a boat on water
  • bobbin - noun a winder around which thread or tape or film or other flexible materials can be wound
  • bod - noun alternative names for the body of a human being
  • bodily - adj. having or relating to a physical material body; affecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit; of or relating to or belonging to the body; adv. in bodily form
  • body - noun the external structure of a vehicle; the entire structure of an organism (especially an animal or human being); a natural object consisting of a dead animal or person; the central message of a communication; a group of persons associated by some common tie or occupation and regarded as an entity; a collection of particulars considered as a system; an individual 3-dimensional object that has mass and that is distinguishable from other objects; the property of holding together and retaining its shape; the body excluding the head and neck and limbs; verb invest with or as with a body; give body to
  • body temperature - noun temperature of the body; normally 98.6 F or 37 C in humans; usually measured to obtain a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • bog - noun wet spongy ground of decomposing vegetation; has poorer drainage than a swamp; soil is unfit for cultivation but can be cut and dried and used for fuel; verb get stuck while doing something; cause to slow down or get stuck
  • boggy - adj. (of soil) soft and watery
  • bohemia - noun a group of artists and writers with real or pretended artistic or intellectual aspirations and usually an unconventional life style; a historical area and former kingdom in the Czech Republic
  • boil - noun a painful sore with a hard core filled with pus; the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level; verb cook in boiling liquid; bring to, or maintain at, the boiling point; come to the boiling point and change from a liquid to vapor; be in an agitated emotional state; be agitated
  • boiled - adj. cooked in hot water
  • boiling - adv. extremely; noun cooking in a liquid that has been brought to a boil; the application of heat to change something from a liquid to a gas
  • boiling point - noun being highly angry or excited; ready to boil over; the temperature at which a liquid boils at sea level
  • bold face - noun a typeface with thick heavy lines
  • boldly - adv. in a bold manner
  • boldness - noun the quality of standing out strongly and distinctly; impudent aggressiveness; the trait of being willing to undertake things that involve risk or danger
  • bologna - noun large smooth-textured smoked sausage of beef and veal and pork; the capital of Emilia-Romagna; located in northern Italy east of the Apennines
  • bolted - adj. firmly fastened or secured against opening
  • bolus - noun a large pill; used especially in veterinary medicine; a small round soft mass (as of chewed food)
  • bond - adj. held in slavery; noun British secret operative 007 in novels by Ian Fleming; United States civil rights leader who was elected to the legislature in Georgia but was barred from taking his seat because he opposed the Vietnam War (born 1940); a certificate of debt (usually interest-bearing or discounted) that is issued by a government or corporation in order to raise money; the issuer is required to pay a fixed sum annually until maturity and then a fixed sum to repay the principal; a superior quality of strong durable white writing paper; originally made for printing documents; a connection that fastens things together; a restraint that confines or restricts freedom (especially something used to tie down or restrain a prisoner); the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition; an electrical force linking atoms; (criminal law) money that must be forfeited by the bondsman if an accused person fails to appear in court for trial; a connection based on kinship or marriage or common interest; verb bring together in a common cause or emotion; issue bonds on; stick to firmly; create social or emotional ties
  • bone - adj. consisting of or made up of bone; noun a shade of white the color of bleached bones; rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates; the porous calcified substance from which bones are made; verb remove the bones from; study intensively, as before an exam
  • bone ash - noun ash left when bones burn; high in calcium phosphate; used as fertilizer and in bone china
  • bone marrow - noun the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones; very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones
  • bones - noun a percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hollow pieces of wood or bone (usually held between the thumb and fingers) that are made to click together (as by Spanish dancers) in rhythm with the dance
  • boneset - noun perennial herb of southeastern United States having white-rayed flower heads; formerly used as in folk medicine; European herb having small white, pink or purple flowers; naturalized as a weed in North America
  • bonney - noun United States outlaw who was said to have killed 21 men (1859-1881)
  • bony - adj. having bones especially many or prominent bones; very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold; composed of or containing bone
  • book - noun physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together; a number of sheets (ticket or stamps etc.) bound together on one edge; a major division of a long written composition; a written work or composition that has been published (printed on pages bound together); a collection of rules or prescribed standards on the basis of which decisions are made; a collection of playing cards satisfying the rules of a card game; the sacred writings of the Christian religions; the sacred writings of Islam revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina; a compilation of the known facts regarding something or someone; a written version of a play or other dramatic composition; used in preparing for a performance; a record in which commercial accounts are recorded; verb engage for a performance; record a charge in a police register; register in a hotel booker; arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance
  • booker - noun someone who engages a person or company for performances
  • boon - adj. very close and convivial; noun a desirable state
  • boot - noun a form of foot torture in which the feet are encased in iron and slowly crushed; footwear that covers the whole foot and lower leg; British term for the luggage compartment in a car; an instrument of torture that is used to heat or crush the foot and leg; protective casing for something that resembles a leg; the act of delivering a blow with the foot; the swift release of a store of affective force; verb cause to load (an operating system) and start the initial processes; kick; give a boot to
  • borate - noun a salt or ester of boric acid
  • borated - adj. mixed or impregnated with borax
  • borax - noun an ore of boron consisting of hydrated sodium borate; used as a flux or cleansing agent
  • border - noun a strip forming the outer edge of something; a decorative recessed or relieved surface on an edge; a line that indicates a boundary; the boundary of a surface; the boundary line or the area immediately inside the boundary; verb lie adjacent to another or share a boundary; provide with a border or edge; extend on all sides of simultaneously; encircle; enclose in or as if in a frame; form the boundary of; be contiguous to
  • borderline - adj. of questionable or minimal quality; noun a line that indicates a boundary
  • bore - noun a hole or passage made by a drill; usually made for exploratory purposes; diameter of a tube or gun barrel; a person who evokes boredom; a high wave (often dangerous) caused by tidal flow (as by colliding tidal currents or in a narrow estuary); verb make a hole with a pointed power or hand tool; cause to be bored
  • bored - adj. tired of the world; uninterested because of frequent exposure or indulgence
  • boric - adj. of or relating to or derived from or containing boron
  • boric acid - noun any of various acids containing boron and oxygen; a white or colorless slightly acid solid that is soluble in water and ethanol; used in the manufacture of glass and paper and adhesives and in detergents and as a flux in welding; also used as an antiseptic and food preservative
  • boring - adj. so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness; noun the act of drilling a hole in the earth in the hope of producing petroleum; the act of drilling
  • born - adj. brought into existence; being talented through inherited qualities; noun British nuclear physicist (born in Germany) honored for his contributions to quantum mechanics (1882-1970)
  • bos - noun wild and domestic cattle; in some classifications placed in the subfamily Bovinae or tribe Bovini
  • boston - noun state capital and largest city of Massachusetts; a major center for banking and financial services
  • bot - noun botfly larva; typically develops inside the body of a horse or sheep or human
  • botany - noun the branch of biology that studies plants; all the plant life in a particular region or period
  • both - adj. (used with count nouns) two considered together; the two
  • bottle - noun a glass or plastic vessel used for storing drinks or other liquids; typically cylindrical without handles and with a narrow neck that can be plugged or capped; a vessel fitted with a flexible teat and filled with milk or formula; used as a substitute for breast feeding infants and very young children; the quantity contained in a bottle; verb put into bottles; store (liquids or gases) in bottles
  • bottle-fed - adj. (of an infant) given milk from a bottle
  • bottom - adj. the lowest rank; situated at the bottom or lowest position; noun a cargo ship; the lower side of anything; the lowest part of anything; the second half of an inning; while the home team is at bat; the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on; a depression forming the ground under a body of water; low-lying alluvial land near a river; verb strike the ground, as with a ship's bottom; provide with a bottom or a seat; come to understand
  • bottomed - adj. having a bottom of a specified character
  • boule - noun an inlaid furniture decoration; tortoiseshell and yellow and white metal form scrolls in cabinetwork
  • bound - adj. confined by bonds; secured with a cover or binding; often used as a combining form; (usually followed by `to') governed by fate; confined in the bowels; held with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union; headed or intending to head in a certain direction; often used as a combining form as in `college-bound students'; bound by an oath; bound by contract; covered or wrapped with a bandage; noun a light, self-propelled movement upwards or forwards; the greatest possible degree of something; the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something; a line determining the limits of an area; verb form the boundary of; be contiguous to; place limits on (extent or access); spring back; spring away from an impact; move forward by leaps and bounds
  • boundary - noun the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something; a line determining the limits of an area; the greatest possible degree of something
  • bounded - adj. having the limits or boundaries established
  • bounds - noun the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something
  • boutonniere - noun a flower that is worn in a buttonhole
  • bovine - adj. dull and slow-moving and stolid; like an ox; of or relating to or belonging to the genus Bos (cattle); noun any of various members of the genus Bos
  • bow - noun a stroke with a curved piece of wood with taut horsehair strands that is used in playing stringed instruments; a slightly curved piece of resilient wood with taut horsehair strands, used in playing certain stringed instrument; curved piece of resilient wood with taut cord to propel arrows; front part of a vessel or aircraft; a knot with two loops and loose ends; used to tie shoelaces; a decorative interlacing of ribbons; an appearance by actors or performers at the end of the concert or play in order to acknowledge the applause of the audience; bending the head or body or knee as a sign of reverence or submission or shame; something curved in shape; verb bend one's knee or body, or lower one's head; play on a string instrument; bend the head or the upper part of the body in a gesture of respect or greeting; submit or yield to another's wish or opinion; bend one's back forward from the waist on down
  • bow leg - noun outward curvature of the legs
  • bow legs - noun outward curvature of the legs
  • bowed - adj. showing an excessively deferential manner; of a stringed instrument; sounded by stroking with a bow; have legs that curve outward at the knees; used especially of the head or upper back; forming or resembling an arch
  • bowel - noun the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • bowels - noun the center of the Earth
  • bowing - adj. showing an excessively deferential manner; noun managing the bow in playing a stringed instrument; bending the head or body or knee as a sign of reverence or submission or shame
  • bowl - noun a dish that is round and open at the top for serving foods; a round vessel that is open at the top; used for holding fruit or liquids or for serving food; a small round container that is open at the top for holding tobacco; a wooden ball (with flattened sides so that it rolls on a curved course) used in the game of lawn bowling; the quantity contained in a bowl; a concave shape with an open top; a large ball with finger holes used in the sport of bowling; a large structure for open-air sports or entertainments; verb engage in the sport of bowling; roll (a ball)
  • bowleg - adj. have legs that curve outward at the knees; noun a leg bowed outward at the knee (or below the knee)
  • box - noun a blow with the hand (usually on the ear); a (usually rectangular) container; may have a lid; separate partitioned area in a public place for a few people; private area in a theater or grandstand where a small group can watch the performance; the driver's seat on a coach; any one of several designated areas on a ball field where the batter or catcher or coaches are positioned; evergreen shrubs or small trees; the quantity contained in a box; a rectangular drawing; a predicament from which a skillful or graceful escape is impossible; verb engage in a boxing match; hit with the fist; put into a box
  • boxing - noun fighting with the fists; the enclosure of something in a package or box
  • boxwood - noun very hard tough close-grained light yellow wood of the box (particularly the common box); used in delicate woodwork: musical instruments and inlays and engraving blocks; evergreen shrubs or small trees
  • boy - noun (ethnic slur) offensive and disparaging term for Black man; a friendly informal reference to a grown man; a youthful male person; a male human offspring
  • boyhood - noun the childhood of a boy
  • br - noun a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that arose out of a student protest movement in the late 1960s; wants to separate Italy from NATO and advocates violence in the service of class warfare and revolution; mostly inactive since 1989; a nonmetallic largely pentavalent heavy volatile corrosive dark brown liquid element belonging to the halogens; found in sea water
  • brace - noun a structural member used to stiffen a framework; a carpenter's tool having a crank handle for turning and a socket to hold a bit for boring; an appliance that corrects dental irregularities; a support that steadies or strengthens something else; elastic straps that hold trousers up (usually used in the plural); a rope on a square-rigged ship that is used to swing a yard about and secure it; either of two punctuation marks ({ or }) used to enclose textual material; a set of two similar things considered as a unit; two items of the same kind; verb support by bracing; support or hold steady and make steadfast, with or as if with a brace; prepare (oneself) for something unpleasant or difficult; cause to be alert and energetic
  • braces - noun an appliance that corrects dental irregularities
  • brachial - adj. of or relating to an arm
  • brachycephalic - adj. having a short broad head with a cephalic index of over 80; noun an adult with a short broad head
  • bracing - adj. imparting vitality and energy; noun a structural member used to stiffen a framework
  • bracket - noun an L-shaped support projecting from a wall (as to hold a shelf); either of two punctuation marks ([ or ]) used to enclose textual material; either of two punctuation marks (`<' or `>') used in computer programming and sometimes used to enclose textual material; a category falling within certain defined limits; verb classify or group; place into brackets; support with brackets
  • bradford - noun United States printer (born in England) whose press produced the first American prayer book and the New York City's first newspaper (1663-1752)
  • brain - noun that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord; mental ability; the brain of certain animals used as meat; that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality; verb kill by smashing someone's skull; hit on the head
  • brain-worker - noun someone whose profession involves using his head to solve problems
  • bran - noun food prepared from the husks of cereal grains; broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
  • branch - noun an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization; a stream or river connected to a larger one; a division of a stem, or secondary stem arising from the main stem of a plant; a part of a forked or branching shape; any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm; a natural consequence of development; verb divide into two or more branches so as to form a fork; grow and send out branches or branch-like structures
  • branched - adj. having branches; resembling a fork; divided or separated into two branches
  • branchial - adj. of or relating to gills (or to parts of the body derived from embryonic gills)
  • branching - adj. resembling the branches of a tree; having branches; noun the act of branching out or dividing into branches
  • brand - noun a recognizable kind; identification mark on skin, made by burning; a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning; a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard; a symbol of disgrace or infamy; a name given to a product or service; verb burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals; mark or expose as infamous; to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful
  • brandy - noun distilled from wine or fermented fruit juice
  • brass - noun a wind instrument that consists of a brass tube (usually of variable length) that is blown by means of a cup-shaped or funnel-shaped mouthpiece; a memorial made of brass; an ornament or utensil made of brass; an alloy of copper and zinc; impudent aggressiveness; the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something; the section of a band or orchestra that plays brass instruments
  • brassica - noun mustards: cabbages; cauliflowers; turnips; etc.
  • brassy - adj. tastelessly showy; resembling the sound of a brass instrument; unrestrained by convention or propriety
  • braun - noun United States rocket engineer (born in Germany where he designed a missile used against England); he led the United States Army team that put the first American satellite into space (1912-1977); the German mistress of Adolf Hitler (1910-1945)
  • brawny - adj. (of a person) possessing physical strength and weight; rugged and powerful
  • brazen - adj. made of or resembling brass (as in color or hardness); unrestrained by convention or propriety; verb face with defiance or impudence
  • brazil - noun the largest Latin American country and the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the central and northeastern part of South America; world's leading coffee exporter; three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and hard brown shell
  • brazilian - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Brazil or the people of Brazil; noun a native or inhabitant of Brazil
  • breach - noun a failure to perform some promised act or obligation; an opening (especially a gap in a dike or fortification); a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions); verb make an opening or gap in; act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises
  • bread - noun food made from dough of flour or meal and usually raised with yeast or baking powder and then baked; informal terms for money; verb cover with bread crumbs
  • breadth - noun the capacity to understand a broad range of topics; the extent of something from side to side
  • break - noun an escape from jail; a sudden dash; an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity; (tennis) a score consisting of winning a game when your opponent was serving; the opening shot that scatters the balls in billiards or pool; an abrupt change in the tone or register of the voice (as at puberty or due to emotion); an unexpected piece of good luck; the occurrence of breaking; any frame in which a bowler fails to make a strike or spare; the act of breaking something; a pause from doing something (as work); a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions); some abrupt occurrence that interrupts an ongoing activity; (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other; breaking of hard tissue such as bone; a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something; verb weaken or destroy in spirit or body; diminish or discontinue abruptly; fall sharply; be broken in; crack; of the male voice in puberty; render inoperable or ineffective; become separated into pieces or fragments; destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to separate into pieces or fragments; happen; prevent completion; change suddenly from one tone quality or register to another; come into being; find the solution or key to; find a flaw in; undergo breaking; interrupt the flow of current in; be released or become known; of news; pierce or penetrate; become punctured or penetrated; break a piece from a whole; go to pieces; ruin completely; separate from a clinch, in boxing; make the opening shot that scatters the balls; destroy the completeness of a set of related items; exchange for smaller units of money; force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up; curl over and fall apart in surf or foam, of waves; emerge from the surface of a body of water; scatter or part; make a rupture in the ranks of the enemy or one's own by quitting or fleeing; move away or escape suddenly; change directions suddenly; invalidate by judicial action; interrupt a continued activity; cause the failure or ruin of; happen or take place; come forth or begin from a state of latency; give up; cause to give up a habit; vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity; come to an end; fracture a bone of; make submissive, obedient, or useful; become fractured; break or crack on the surface only; terminate; lessen in force or effect; stop operating or functioning; cease an action temporarily; make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret; surpass in excellence; do a break dance; break down, literally or metaphorically; reduce to bankruptcy; assign to a lower position; reduce in rank; discontinue an association or relation; go different ways; act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises; enter someone's property in an unauthorized manner, usually with the intent to steal or commit a violent act; fail to agree with; be in violation of; as of rules or patterns
  • break down - verb collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack; make ineffective; cause to fall or collapse; lose control of one's emotions; separate (substances) into constituent elements or parts; stop operating or functioning; make a mathematical, chemical, or grammatical analysis of; break down into components or essential features; fall apart
  • breakage - noun the act of breaking something; reimbursement for goods damaged while in transit or in use; the quantity broken
  • breakdown - noun an analysis into mutually exclusive categories; a cessation of normal operation; a mental or physical breakdown; the act of disrupting an established order so it fails to continue
  • breakfast - noun the first meal of the day (usually in the morning); verb eat an early morning meal; provide breakfast for
  • breaking - adj. (of waves) curling over and crashing into surf or spray; noun the act of breaking something
  • breast - noun the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen; either of two soft fleshy milk-secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman; meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit; meet at breast level; confront bodily
  • breast-fed - adj. (of an infant) fed milk from the mother's breast
  • breath - noun the process of taking in and expelling air during breathing; a slight movement of the air; the air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration; a short respite; an indirect suggestion
  • breathe - verb draw air into, and expel out of, the lungs; reach full flavor by absorbing air and being let to stand after having been uncorked; manifest or evince; utter or tell; impart as if by breathing; be alive; allow the passage of air through; expel (gases or odors); take a short break from one's activities in order to relax
  • breathing - adj. passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally; sometimes used in combination; noun the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
  • breech - noun opening in the rear of the barrel of a gun where bullets can be loaded
  • breeches - noun trousers ending above the knee
  • breeding - adj. producing offspring or set aside especially for producing offspring; noun the production of animals or plants by inbreeding or hybridization; helping someone grow up to be an accepted member of the community; elegance by virtue of fineness of manner and expression; the sexual activity of conceiving and bearing offspring; the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior)
  • breeze - noun a slight wind (usually refreshing); any undertaking that is easy to do; verb to proceed quickly and easily; blow gently and lightly
  • breezy - adj. fresh and animated; abounding in or exposed to the wind or breezes
  • bregma - noun the craniometric point at the junction of the sagittal and coronal sutures at the top of the cranium
  • bregmatic - adj. of or relating to the bregma of the skull
  • breslau - noun a city in southwestern Poland on the Oder
  • brevity - noun the attribute of being brief or fleeting; the use of brief expressions
  • brewer - noun the owner or manager of a brewery; someone who brews beer or ale from malt and hops and water
  • brick - noun rectangular block of clay baked by the sun or in a kiln; used as a building or paving material; a good fellow; helpful and trustworthy
  • brick red - noun a bright reddish-brown color
  • bridge - noun any of various card games based on whist for four players; a structure that allows people or vehicles to cross an obstacle such as a river or canal or railway etc.; an upper deck where a ship is steered and the captain stands; the link between two lenses; rests on nose; a denture anchored to teeth on either side of missing teeth; a wooden support that holds the strings up; a circuit consisting of two branches (4 arms arranged in a diamond configuration) across which a meter is connected; the hard ridge that forms the upper part of the nose; something resembling a bridge in form or function; verb make a bridge across; cross over on a bridge; connect or reduce the distance between
  • bridgeport - noun a port in southwestern Connecticut on Long Island Sound
  • bridges - noun United States labor leader who organized the longshoremen (1901-1990)
  • brief - adj. concise and succinct; of short duration or distance; (of clothing) very short; noun a condensed written summary or abstract; a document stating the facts and points of law of a client's case; verb give essential information to someone
  • briefly - adv. for a short time; in a concise manner; in a few words
  • brigade - noun army unit smaller than a division; verb form or unite into a brigade
  • bright - adj. full or promise; having lots of light either natural or artificial; emitting or reflecting light readily or in large amounts; having striking color; abounding with sunlight; splendid; characterized by happiness or gladness; characterized by quickness and ease in learning; made smooth and bright by or as if by rubbing; reflecting a sheen or glow; clear and sharp and ringing; not made dim or less bright; adv. with brightness
  • brightness - noun the location of a visual perception along a continuum from black to white; intelligence as manifested in being quick and witty; the quality of being luminous; emitting or reflecting light
  • brill - noun European food fish
  • brilliant - adj. full of light; shining intensely; characterized by grandeur; of surpassing excellence; having striking color; having or marked by unusual and impressive intelligence; clear and sharp and ringing
  • brim - noun a circular projection that sticks outward from the crown of a hat; the top edge of a vessel or other container; verb fill as much as possible; be completely full
  • brine - noun a strong solution of salt and water used for pickling; water containing salts; verb soak in brine
  • bring - verb bring into a different state; induce or persuade; go or come after and bring or take back; be accompanied by; cause to come into a particular state or condition; cause to happen or to occur as a consequence; attract the attention of; take something or somebody with oneself somewhere; advance or set forth in court; be sold for a certain price; bestow a quality on
  • bringing - noun the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail)
  • briquet - noun a block made from charcoal or coal dust and burned as fuel
  • brisk - adj. very active; quick and energetic; imparting vitality and energy; verb become brisk
  • bristle - noun a stiff hair; a stiff fiber (coarse hair or filament); natural or synthetic; verb react in an offended or angry manner; rise up as in fear; be in a state of movement or action
  • britain - noun a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland
  • british - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Great Britain or its people or culture; noun the people of Great Britain
  • brittle - adj. having little elasticity; hence easily cracked or fractured or snapped; (of metal or glass) not annealed and consequently easily cracked or fractured; lacking warmth and generosity of spirit; noun caramelized sugar cooled in thin sheets
  • broad - adj. showing or characterized by broad-mindedness; lacking subtlety; obvious; not detailed or specific; being at a peak or culminating point; (of speech) heavily and noticeably regional; very large in expanse or scope; broad in scope or content; having great (or a certain) extent from one side to the other; noun slang term for a woman
  • broadly - adv. without regard to specific details or exceptions; in a wide fashion
  • broiled - adj. cooked by radiant heat (as over a grill)
  • broken - adj. physically and forcibly separated into pieces or cracked or split; (especially of promises or contracts) having been violated or disregarded; not continuous in space, time, or sequence or varying abruptly; lacking a part or parts; discontinuous; out of working order (`busted' is an informal substitute for `broken'); destroyed financially; weakened and infirm; thrown into a state of disarray or confusion; imperfectly spoken or written; subdued or brought low in condition or status; topographically very uneven; tamed or trained to obey
  • broken-down - adj. not in working order; in deplorable condition
  • bromic - adj. relating to or containing bromine (especially pentavalent bromine)
  • bromoform - noun colorless liquid haloform CHBr3
  • bronchial - adj. relating to or associated with the bronchi
  • bronchitic - adj. suffering from or prone to bronchitis
  • bronchitis - noun inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
  • broncho - noun an unbroken or imperfectly broken mustang
  • bronchopneumonia - noun pneumonia characterized by acute inflammation of the walls of the bronchioles
  • bronchoscope - noun a slender tubular instrument used to examine the bronchial tubes
  • bronchoscopic - adj. of or relating to an instrument for examining the interior of the bronchi
  • bronchus - noun either of the two main branches of the trachea
  • bronze - adj. of the color of bronze; made from or consisting of bronze; noun a sculpture made of bronze; an alloy of copper and tin and sometimes other elements; also any copper-base alloy containing other elements in place of tin; verb give the color and appearance of bronze to something; get a tan, from wind or sun
  • bronzed - adj. (of skin) having a tan color from exposure to the sun
  • brooch - noun a decorative pin worn by women; verb fasten with or as if with a brooch
  • brook - noun a natural stream of water smaller than a river (and often a tributary of a river); verb put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • brooklyn - noun a borough of New York City
  • broom - noun a cleaning implement for sweeping; bundle of straws or twigs attached to a long handle; any of various shrubs of the genera Cytisus or Genista or Spartium having long slender branches and racemes of yellow flowers; common Old World heath represented by many varieties; low evergreen grown widely in the northern hemisphere; verb finish with a broom; sweep with a broom or as if with a broom
  • broth - noun a thin soup of meat or fish or vegetable stock; liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces
  • brother - noun a male with the same parents as someone else; (Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a monk and used as form of address; a male person who is a fellow member (of a fraternity or religion of other group); used as a term of address for those male persons engaged in the same movement; a close friend who accompanies his buddies in their activities
  • brow - noun the part of the face above the eyes; the arch of hair above each eye; the peak of a hill
  • brown - adj. (of skin) deeply suntanned; of a color similar to that of wood or earth; noun an orange of low brightness and saturation; abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858); Scottish botanist who first observed the movement of small particles in fluids now known a Brownian motion (1773-1858); a university in Rhode Island; verb fry in a pan until it changes color
  • browne - noun United States writer of humorous tales of an itinerant showman (1834-1867); English illustrator of several of Dickens' novels (1815-1882)
  • browned - adj. (of skin) deeply suntanned
  • brownish - adj. of a color similar to that of wood or earth
  • bruce - noun King of Scotland from 1306 to 1329; defeated the English army under Edward II at Bannockburn and gained recognition of Scottish independence (1274-1329); Australian physician and bacteriologist who described the bacterium that causes undulant fever or brucellosis (1855-1931)
  • bruise - noun an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration; verb damage (plant tissue) by abrasion of pressure; break up into small pieces for food preparation; injure the underlying soft tissue of bone of; hurt the feelings of
  • bruised - adj. injured without breaking the skin
  • bruising - adj. brutally forceful and compelling; causing mental or emotional injury
  • bruit - verb tell or spread rumors
  • brunt - noun main force of a blow etc
  • brush - noun contact with something dangerous or undesirable; the act of brushing your hair; the act of brushing your teeth; a minor short-term fight; an implement that has hairs or bristles firmly set into a handle; conducts current between rotating and stationary parts of a generator or motor; momentary contact; a dense growth of bushes; verb remove with or as if with a brush; touch lightly and briefly; rub with a brush, or as if with a brush; clean with a brush; cover by brushing; sweep across or over
  • brushed - adj. (of fabrics) having soft nap produced by brushing; (of hair or clothing) groomed with a brush; touched lightly in passing; grazed against
  • brushing - noun the act of brushing your hair; the act of brushing your teeth
  • brussels - noun the capital and largest city of Belgium; seat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • brutal - adj. (of weapons or instruments) causing suffering and pain; (of persons or their actions) able or disposed to inflict pain or suffering
  • bryony - noun a vine of the genus Bryonia having large leaves and small flowers and yielding acrid juice with emetic and purgative properties
  • bubble - noun a dome-shaped covering made of transparent glass or plastic; an impracticable and illusory idea; a hollow globule of gas (e.g., air or carbon dioxide); a speculative scheme that depends on unstable factors that the planner cannot control; verb form, produce, or emit bubbles; expel gas from the stomach; flow in an irregular current with a bubbling noise
  • bubbling - adj. covered with or resembling small bubbles as from being agitated by beating or heating; marked by high spirits or excitement; emitting or filled with bubbles as from carbonation or fermentation
  • bubo - noun a genus of Strigidae; a lymph node that is inflamed and swollen because of plague or gonorrhea or tuberculosis
  • bubonic - adj. of or evidencing buboes
  • buccal - adj. toward the inside of the cheek; lying within the mouth; of or relating to or toward the cheek
  • bucharest - noun national capital and largest city of Romania in southeastern Romania
  • buck - noun mature male of various mammals (especially deer or antelope); United States author whose novels drew on her experiences as a missionary in China (1892-1973); a framework for holding wood that is being sawed; a gymnastic horse without pommels and with one end elongated; used lengthwise for vaulting; a piece of paper money worth one dollar; verb jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched; resist; to strive with determination; move quickly and violently
  • bucket - noun a roughly cylindrical vessel that is open at the top; the quantity contained in a bucket; verb carry in a bucket; put into a bucket
  • buckle - noun fastener that fastens together two ends of a belt or strap; often has loose prong; a shape distorted by twisting or folding; verb fold or collapse; fasten with a buckle or buckles; bend out of shape, as under pressure or from heat
  • buckshot - noun small lead shot for shotgun shells
  • buckskin - noun horse of a light yellowish dun color with dark mane and tail; a soft yellowish suede leather originally from deerskin but now usually from sheepskin
  • buckthorn - noun any shrub or small tree of the genus Bumelia; a shrub or shrubby tree of the genus Rhamnus; fruits are source of yellow dyes or pigments; an Old World plantain with long narrow ribbed leaves widely established in temperate regions
  • buckwheat - noun grain ground into flour; a member of the genus Fagopyrum; annual Asian plant with clusters of small pinkish white flowers and small edible triangular seeds which are used whole or ground into flour
  • budapest - noun capital and largest city of Hungary; located on the Danube River in north-central Hungary
  • buff - adj. of the yellowish-beige color of buff leather; noun an implement consisting of soft material mounted on a block; used for polishing (as in manicuring); bare skin; naked; a soft thick undyed leather from the skins of e.g. buffalo or oxen; a medium to dark tan color; an ardent follower and admirer; verb polish and make shiny; strike, beat repeatedly
  • buffalo - noun meat from an American bison; a city on Lake Erie in western New York (near Niagara Falls); any of several Old World animals resembling oxen including, e.g., water buffalo; Cape buffalo; large shaggy-haired brown bison of North American plains; verb intimidate or overawe
  • bug - noun general term for any insect or similar creeping or crawling invertebrate; a small hidden microphone; for listening secretly; a fault or defect in a system or machine; a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium); the term is not in technical use; insects with sucking mouthparts and forewings thickened and leathery at the base; usually show incomplete metamorphosis; verb annoy persistently; tap a telephone or telegraph wire to get information
  • build - noun constitution of the human body; alternative names for the body of a human being; verb develop and grow; improve the cleansing action of; found or ground; build or establish something abstract; be engaged in building; give form to, according to a plan; order, supervise, or finance the construction of; form or accumulate steadily; bolster or strengthen; make by combining materials and parts
  • building - noun a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place; the occupants of a building; the act of constructing something; the commercial activity involved in repairing old structures or constructing new ones
  • built - adj. (used of soaps or cleaning agents) having a substance (an abrasive or filler) added to increase effectiveness; well or attractively formed with respect to physique; formed by fitting or joining components together
  • bulb - noun a rounded part of a cylindrical instrument (usually at one end); a rounded dilation or expansion in a canal or vessel or organ; a modified bud consisting of a thickened globular underground stem serving as a reproductive structure; electric lamp consisting of a transparent or translucent glass housing containing a wire filament (usually tungsten) that emits light when heated by electricity; lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata)
  • bulbar - adj. involving the medulla oblongata
  • bulbous - adj. curving outward; shaped like a bulb
  • bulgaria - noun a republic in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe
  • bulgarian - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of Bulgaria or its people; noun a Slavic language spoken in Bulgaria; a native or inhabitant of Bulgaria
  • bulge - noun something that bulges out or is protuberant or projects from its surroundings; verb cause to bulge or swell outwards; swell or protrude outwards; bulge out; form a bulge outward, or be so full as to appear to bulge; bulge outward
  • bulging - adj. curving or bulging outward; curving outward
  • bulimia - noun pathologically insatiable hunger (especially when caused by brain lesions); a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self-condemnation
  • bulk - noun the property possessed by a large mass; the property of something that is great in magnitude; the property resulting from being or relating to the greater in number of two parts; the main part; verb stick out or up; cause to bulge or swell outwards
  • bulky - adj. of large size for its weight
  • bull - noun a serious and ludicrous blunder; mature male of various mammals of which the female is called `cow'; e.g. whales or elephants or especially cattle; uncastrated adult male of domestic cattle; a formal proclamation issued by the pope (usually written in antiquated characters and sealed with a leaden bulla); a large and strong and heavyset man; an investor with an optimistic market outlook; an investor who expects prices to rise and so buys now for resale later; uncomplimentary terms for a policeman; obscene words for unacceptable behavior; the center of a target; the second sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about April 20 to May 20; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Taurus; verb advance in price; try to raise the price of stocks through speculative buying; push or force; talk through one's hat
  • bulla - noun the round leaden seal affixed to a papal bull; (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid
  • bulldog - noun a sturdy thickset short-haired breed with a large head and strong undershot lower jaw; developed originally in England for bull baiting; verb throw a steer by seizing the horns and twisting the neck, as in a rodeo; attack viciously and ferociously
  • bullet - noun a projectile that is fired from a gun; (baseball) a pitch thrown with maximum velocity; a high-speed passenger train
  • bum - adj. of very poor quality; flimsy; noun the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on; person who does no work; a person who is deemed to be despicable or contemptible; a disreputable vagrant; verb be lazy or idle; ask for and get free; be a parasite
  • bunch - noun any collection in its entirety; a grouping of a number of similar things; an informal body of friends; verb gather or cause to gather into a cluster; form into a bunch
  • bundle - noun a package of several things tied together for carrying or storing; a collection of things wrapped or boxed together; a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit); verb sleep fully clothed in the same bed with one's betrothed; make into a bundle; compress into a wad; gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • bung - noun a plug used to close a hole in a barrel or flask; verb close with a cork or stopper; give a tip or gratuity to in return for a service, beyond the compensation agreed on
  • bunion - noun a painful swelling of the bursa of the first joint of the big toe
  • bunsen - noun German chemist who with Kirchhoff pioneered spectrum analysis but is remembered mainly for his invention of the Bunsen burner (1811-1899); a gas burner used in laboratories; has an air valve to regulate the mixture of gas and air
  • bur - noun small bit used in dentistry or surgery; seed vessel having hooks or prickles; verb remove the burrs from
  • burden - noun an onerous or difficult concern; the central idea that is expanded in a document or discourse; weight to be borne or conveyed; the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work; verb weight down with a load; impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
  • burdened - adj. bearing a physically heavy weight or load; bearing a heavy burden of work or difficulties or responsibilities
  • burdock - noun any of several erect biennial herbs of temperate Eurasia having stout taproots and producing burs
  • bureau - noun furniture with drawers for keeping clothes; an administrative unit of government
  • buret - noun measuring instrument consisting of a graduated glass tube with a tap at the bottom; used for titration
  • burgundy - noun a dark purplish-red to blackish-red color; red table wine from the Burgundy region of France (or any similar wine made elsewhere); a former province of eastern France that is famous for its wines
  • buried - adj. placed in a grave
  • burn - noun damage inflicted by fire; a place or area that has been burned (especially on a person's body); an injury caused by exposure to heat or chemicals or radiation; pain that feels hot as if it were on fire; a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun; verb burn with heat, fire, or radiation; undergo combustion; cause to undergo combustion; destroy by fire; feel strong emotion, especially anger or passion; feel hot or painful; spend (significant amounts of money); burn at the stake; cause to burn or combust; shine intensely, as if with heat; get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun; burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent; use up (energy); create by duplicating data; cause a sharp or stinging pain or discomfort
  • burned - adj. ruined by overcooking; destroyed or badly damaged by fire; injured by intense heat (as of fire or the sun); treated by heating to a high temperature but below the melting or fusing point; having undergone oxidation; hardened by subjecting to intense heat
  • burner - noun an apparatus for burning fuel (or refuse); the heating elements of a stove or range on which pots and pans are placed for cooking
  • burnett - noun United States writer (born in England) remembered for her novels for children (1849-1924)
  • burning - adj. consuming fuel; used in combination; intensely hot; of immediate import; producing or having a painfully hot sensation; lighted up by or as by fire or flame; characterized by intense emotion; noun the act of burning something; a form of torture in which cigarettes or cigars or other hot implements are used to burn the victim's skin; execution by fire; execution by electricity; a process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give heat and light; pain that feels hot as if it were on fire
  • burns - noun celebrated Scottish poet (1759-1796); United States comedian and film actor (1896-1996)
  • burnt - adj. ruined by overcooking; destroyed or badly damaged by fire; hardened by subjecting to intense heat; treated by heating to a high temperature but below the melting or fusing point; having undergone oxidation
  • burr - noun rough projection left on a workpiece after drilling or cutting; rotary file for smoothing rough edges left on a workpiece; United States politician who served as vice president under Jefferson; he mortally wounded his political rival Alexander Hamilton in a duel and fled south (1756-1836); small bit used in dentistry or surgery; seed vessel having hooks or prickles; verb remove the burrs from
  • burrow - noun a hole in the ground made by an animal for shelter; verb move through by or as by digging
  • bursa - noun a small fluid-filled sac located between movable parts of the body especially at joints; a city in northwestern Turkey
  • bursal - adj. relating to or affecting a bursa
  • bursitis - noun inflammation of a bursa; frequently in the shoulder
  • burst - adj. suddenly and violently broken open especially from internal pressure (`busted' is an informal term for `burst'); noun a sudden flurry of activity (often for no obvious reason); the act of exploding or bursting something; rapid simultaneous discharge of firearms; a sudden violent happening; verb break open or apart suddenly; break open or apart suddenly and forcefully; emerge suddenly; move suddenly, energetically, or violently; burst outward, usually with noise; force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up; cause to burst; be in a state of movement or action
  • bus - noun a vehicle carrying many passengers; used for public transport; a car that is old and unreliable; an electrical conductor that makes a common connection between several circuits; the topology of a network whose components are connected by a busbar; verb remove used dishes from the table in restaurants; ride in a bus; send or move around by bus
  • bushel - noun a United States dry measure equal to 4 pecks or 2152.42 cubic inches; a British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 4 pecks; verb restore by replacing a part or putting together what is torn or broken
  • bushy - adj. resembling a bush in being thickly branched and spreading; used of hair; thick and poorly groomed
  • business - noun incidental activity performed by an actor for dramatic effect; the volume of commercial activity; a rightful concern or responsibility; an immediate objective; business concerns collectively; a commercial or industrial enterprise and the people who constitute it; the principal activity in your life that you do to earn money; the activity of providing goods and services involving financial and commercial and industrial aspects; customers collectively
  • busy - adj. crowded with or characterized by much activity; actively or fully engaged or occupied; (of facilities such as telephones or lavatories) unavailable for use by anyone else or indicating unavailability; (`engaged' is a British term for a busy telephone line); overcrowded or cluttered with detail; intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner; verb keep busy with
  • but - adv. and nothing more
  • butter - noun an edible emulsion of fat globules made by churning milk or cream; for cooking and table use; a fighter who strikes the opponent with his head; verb spread butter on
  • butterfly - noun a swimming stroke in which the arms are thrown forward together out of the water while the feet kick up and down; diurnal insect typically having a slender body with knobbed antennae and broad colorful wings; verb cut and spread open, as in preparation for cooking; flutter like a butterfly; talk or behave amorously, without serious intentions
  • buttermilk - noun residue from making butter from sour raw milk; or pasteurized milk curdled by adding a culture
  • buttock - noun either of the two large fleshy masses of muscular tissue that form the human rump
  • buttocks - noun the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • button - noun a round fastener sewn to shirts and coats etc to fit through buttonholes; any artifact that resembles a button; a round flat badge displaying information and suitable for pinning onto a garment; any of various plant parts that resemble buttons; an electrical switch operated by pressing; a device that when pressed will release part of a mechanism; a female sexual organ homologous to the penis; verb fasten with buttons; provide with buttons
  • button hole - noun a hole through which buttons are pushed
  • buttoned - adj. furnished or closed with buttons or something buttonlike
  • buttonhole - noun a hole through which buttons are pushed; verb detain in conversation by or as if by holding on to the outer garments of; as for political or economic favors
  • butyl - noun a hydrocarbon radical (C4H9)
  • butyric - adj. relating to or producing butyric acid
  • buy - noun an advantageous purchase; verb accept as true; obtain by purchase; acquire by means of a financial transaction; acquire by trade or sacrifice or exchange; be worth or be capable of buying; make illegal payments to in exchange for favors or influence
  • buzzing - adj. noisy like the sound of a bee
  • by - adv. so as to pass a given point; in reserve; not for immediate use
  • by-product - noun a product made during the manufacture of something else; a secondary and sometimes unexpected consequence

Table of contents:

.A | .B | .C | .D | .E | .F | .G | .H | .I | .J | .K | .L | .M

.N | .O | .P | .Q | .R | .S | .T | .U | .V | .W | .X | .Y | .Z

C

  • c - noun the 3rd letter of the Roman alphabet; (music) the keynote of the scale of C major; a general-purpose programing language closely associated with the UNIX operating system; street names for cocaine; a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second; a degree on the centigrade scale of temperature; an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a base found in DNA and RNA and derived from pyrimidine; pairs with guanine; one of the four nucleotides used in building DNA; all four nucleotides have a common phosphate group and a sugar (ribose); the speed at which light travels in a vacuum; the constancy and universality of the speed of light is recognized by defining it to be exactly 299,792,458 meters per second
  • ci - noun a unit of radioactivity equal to the amount of a radioactive isotope that decays at the rate of 37,000,000,000 disintegrations per second
  • ca - noun a state in the western United States on the Pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes; a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • cabbage - noun any of various types of cabbage; any of various cultivars of the genus Brassica oleracea grown for their edible leaves or flowers; informal terms for money; verb make off with belongings of others
  • cabin - noun the enclosed compartment of an aircraft or spacecraft where passengers are carried; small room on a ship or boat where people sleep; a small house built of wood; usually in a wooded area; verb confine to a small space, such as a cabin
  • cabinet - noun a piece of furniture resembling a cupboard with doors and shelves and drawers; for storage or display; housing for electronic instruments, as radio or television; a storage compartment for clothes and valuables; usually it has a lock; persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers
  • cable - noun a very strong thick rope made of twisted hemp or steel wire; a television system that transmits over cables; a conductor for transmitting electrical or optical signals or electric power; a telegram sent abroad; a nautical unit of depth; television that is transmitted over cable directly to the receiver; verb send cables, wires, or telegrams; fasten with a cable
  • cabot - noun Italian explorer who led the English expedition in 1497 that discovered the mainland of North America and explored the coast from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland (ca. 1450-1498); son of John Cabot who was born in Italy and who led an English expedition in search of the Northwest Passage and a Spanish expedition that explored the La Plata region of Brazil; in 1544 he published a map of the world (1476-1557)
  • cacao - noun tropical American tree producing cacao beans
  • cachectic - adj. relating to or having the symptoms of cachexia
  • cachet - noun a seal on a letter; a warrant formerly issued by a French king who could warrant imprisonment or death in a signed letter under his seal; an indication of approved or superior status
  • cachexia - noun any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
  • cactus - noun any succulent plant of the family Cactaceae native chiefly to arid regions of the New World and usually having spines
  • cadaver - noun the dead body of a human being
  • cadaveric - adj. of or relating to a cadaver or corpse
  • cadaverous - adj. of or relating to a cadaver or corpse; very thin especially from disease or hunger or cold
  • cadmium - noun a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element; occurs in association with zinc ores
  • caffein - noun a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • caffeine - noun a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • cage - noun an enclosure made or wire or metal bars in which birds or animals can be kept; the net that is the goal in ice hockey; United States composer of avant-garde music (1912-1992); something that restricts freedom as a cage restricts movement; a movable screen placed behind home base to catch balls during batting practice; verb confine in a cage
  • caisson - noun large watertight chamber used for construction under water; a chest to hold ammunition; a two-wheeled military vehicle carrying artillery ammunition; an ornamental sunken panel in a ceiling or dome
  • cake - noun a block of solid substance (such as soap or wax); made from or based on a mixture of flour and sugar and eggs; small flat mass of chopped food; verb form a coat over
  • calamus - noun a genus of Sparidae; the aromatic root of the sweet flag used medicinally; any tropical Asian palm of the genus Calamus; light tough stems are a source of rattan canes; the hollow spine of a feather; perennial marsh plant having swordlike leaves and aromatic roots
  • calcaneus - noun the largest tarsal bone; forms the human heel
  • calcareous - adj. composed of or containing or resembling calcium carbonate or calcite or chalk
  • calcic - adj. derived from or containing calcium or lime
  • calcific - adj. involving or resulting from calcification
  • calcification - noun a process that impregnates something with calcium (or calcium salts); an inflexible and unchanging state; tissue hardened by deposition of lime salts
  • calcify - verb convert into lime; turn into lime; become calcified; become impregnated with calcium salts; become inflexible and unchanging
  • calcium - noun a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • calculate - verb make a mathematical calculation or computation; judge to be probable; specifically design a product, event, or activity for a certain public; have faith or confidence in; predict in advance; keep an account of
  • calculated - adj. carefully thought out in advance
  • calculation - noun the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods; planning something carefully and intentionally; problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
  • calculous - adj. relating to or caused by or having a calculus or calculi
  • calculus - noun the branch of mathematics that is concerned with limits and with the differentiation and integration of functions; a hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body; an incrustation that forms on the teeth and gums
  • calendar - noun a list or register of events (appointments or social events or court cases etc); a tabular array of the days (usually for one year); a system of timekeeping that defines the beginning and length and divisions of the year; verb enter into a calendar
  • calendula - noun any of numerous chiefly annual herbs of the genus Calendula widely cultivated for their yellow or orange flowers; often used for medicinal and culinary purposes
  • calf - noun young of domestic cattle; young of various large placental mammals e.g. whale or giraffe or elephant or buffalo; the muscular back part of the shank; fine leather from the skin of a calf
  • cali - noun city in southwestern Colombia in a rich agricultural area
  • caliber - noun a degree or grade of excellence or worth; diameter of a tube or gun barrel
  • calibrated - adj. marked with or divided into degrees
  • calico - adj. made of calico or resembling calico in being patterned; having sections or patches colored differently and usually brightly; noun coarse cloth with a bright print
  • california - noun a state in the western United States on the Pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes
  • calisaya - noun Peruvian shrub or small tree having large glossy leaves and cymes of fragrant yellow to green or red flowers; cultivated for its medicinal bark
  • call - noun (sports) the decision made by an umpire or referee; a visit in an official or professional capacity; a brief social visit; a special disposition (as if from a divine source) to pursue a particular course; a telephone connection; an instruction that interrupts the program being executed; a request; a demand especially in the phrase "the call of duty"; a demand for a show of hands in a card game; the option to buy a given stock (or stock index or commodity future) at a given price before a given date; the characteristic sound produced by a bird; a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; a demand by a broker that a customer deposit enough to bring his margin up to the minimum requirement; verb rouse somebody from sleep with a call; consider or regard as being; challenge the sincerity or truthfulness of; utter in a loud voice or announce; order, summon, or request for a specific duty or activity, work, role; order or request or give a command for; lure by imitating the characteristic call of an animal; get or try to get into communication (with someone) by telephone; order, request, or command to come; declare in the capacity of an umpire or referee; challenge (somebody) to make good on a statement; charge with or censure for an offense; require the presentation of for redemption before maturation; ascribe a quality to or give a name of a common noun that reflects a quality; utter a characteristic note or cry; send a message or attempt to reach someone by radio, phone, etc.; make a signal to in order to transmit a message; read aloud to check for omissions or absentees; indicate a decision in regard to; give the calls (to the dancers) for a square dance; demand payment of (a loan); call a meeting; invite or command to meet; make a stop in a harbour; stop or postpone because of adverse conditions, such as bad weather; utter a sudden loud cry; make a prediction about; tell in advance; assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to; make a demand, as for a card or a suit or a show of hands; pay a brief visit; greet, as with a prescribed form, title, or name
  • called - adj. known or spoken of as; given or having a specified name
  • calling - noun the particular occupation for which you are trained
  • callosity - noun an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot); devoid of passion or feeling; hardheartedness
  • callous - adj. emotionally hardened; having calluses; having skin made tough and thick through wear; verb make insensitive or callous; deaden feelings or morals
  • callus - noun (botany) an isolated thickening of tissue, especially a stiff protuberance on the lip of an orchid; bony tissue formed during the healing of a fractured bone; an area of skin that is thick or hard from continual pressure or friction (as the sole of the foot); verb form a callus or calluses; cause a callus to form on
  • calm - adj. (of weather) free from storm or wind; not agitated; without losing self-possession; living without undue worry; taking life easy; noun steadiness of mind under stress; verb become quiet or calm, especially after a state of agitation; make calm or still; cause to be calm or quiet as by administering a sedative to; make steady
  • calming - adj. causing to become tranquil; freeing from fear and anxiety; noun the act of appeasing (as by acceding to the demands of)
  • calomel - noun a tasteless colorless powder used medicinally as a cathartic
  • caloric - adj. of or relating to calories in food; relating to or associated with heat
  • calorie - noun unit of heat defined as the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree centigrade at atmospheric pressure; a unit of heat equal to the amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one kilogram of water by one degree at one atmosphere pressure; used by nutritionists to characterize the energy-producing potential in food
  • calx - noun a white crystalline oxide used in the production of calcium hydroxide
  • cambric - noun a finely woven white linen
  • cambridge - noun a city in eastern England on the River Cam; site of Cambridge University; a city in Massachusetts just north of Boston; site of Harvard University and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; a university in England
  • camel - noun cud-chewing mammal used as a draft or saddle animal in desert regions
  • camellia - noun any of several shrubs or small evergreen trees having solitary white or pink or reddish flowers
  • camera - noun equipment for taking photographs (usually consisting of a lightproof box with a lens at one end and light-sensitive film at the other); television equipment consisting of a lens system that focuses an image on a photosensitive mosaic that is scanned by an electron beam
  • camomile - noun Eurasian plant apple-scented foliage and white-rayed flowers and feathery leaves used medicinally; in some classification systems placed in genus Anthemis
  • camp - adj. providing sophisticated amusement by virtue of having artificially (and vulgarly) mannered or banal or sentimental qualities; noun temporary living quarters specially built by the army for soldiers; temporary lodgings in the country for travelers or vacationers; a prison for forced laborers; a site where care and activities are provided for children during the summer months; shelter for persons displaced by war or political oppression or for religious beliefs; something that is considered amusing not because of its originality but because of its unoriginality; a group of people living together in a camp; an exclusive circle of people with a common purpose; verb give an artificially banal or sexual quality to; establish or set up a camp; live in or as if in a tent
  • campaign - noun an overland journey by hunters (especially in Africa); a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end; several related operations aimed at achieving a particular goal (usually within geographical and temporal constraints); a race between candidates for elective office; verb go on a campaign; go off to war; run, stand, or compete for an office or a position; exert oneself continuously, vigorously, or obtrusively to gain an end or engage in a crusade for a certain cause or person; be an advocate for
  • camphor - noun a resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment
  • camphoric - adj. relating to or derived from or containing camphor
  • camping - noun the act of encamping and living in tents in a camp
  • can - noun airtight sealed metal container for food or drink or paint etc.; a buoy with a round bottom and conical top; the quantity contained in a can; a room or building equipped with one or more toilets; a plumbing fixture for defecation and urination; the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on; verb preserve in a can or tin; terminate the employment of
  • canada - noun a nation in northern North America; the French were the first Europeans to settle in mainland Canada
  • canadian - adj. of or relating to Canada or its people; noun a river rising in northeastern New Mexico and flowing eastward across the Texas panhandle to become a tributary of the Arkansas River in Oklahoma; a native or inhabitant of Canada
  • canal - noun long and narrow strip of water made for boats or for irrigation; (astronomy) an indistinct surface feature of Mars once thought to be a system of channels; they are now believed to be an optical illusion; a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance; verb provide (a city) with a canal
  • canaliculus - noun a small canal or duct as in some bones and parts of plants
  • canary - adj. having the color of a canary; of a light to moderate yellow; noun any of several small Old World finches; a female singer; a moderate yellow with a greenish tinge; someone acting as an informer or decoy for the police
  • canary-yellow - adj. having the color of a canary; of a light to moderate yellow
  • cancellated - adj. having an open or latticed or porous structure; having a latticelike structure pierced with holes or windows
  • cancellous - adj. having an open or latticed or porous structure
  • cancer - noun type genus of the family Cancridae; the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22; a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer; any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • cancer juice - noun a milky substance found in certain cancerous growths
  • cancerous - adj. like a cancer; an evil that grows and spreads; relating to or affected with cancer
  • cancroid - adj. of or relating to a cancroid; noun the most common form of skin cancer
  • candidly - adv. (used as intensives reflecting the speaker's attitude) it is sincerely the case that
  • candied - adj. (used especially of fruits) preserved by coating with or allowing to absorb sugar; encrusted with sugar or syrup
  • candle - noun stick of wax with a wick in the middle; the basic unit of luminous intensity adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; equal to 1/60 of the luminous intensity per square centimeter of a black body radiating at the temperature of 2,046 degrees Kelvin; verb examine eggs for freshness by holding them against a light
  • candy - noun a rich sweet made of flavored sugar and often combined with fruit or nuts; verb coat with something sweet, such as a hard sugar glaze
  • cane - noun a stiff switch used to hit students as punishment; a stick that people can lean on to help them walk; a strong slender often flexible stem as of bamboos, reeds, rattans, or sugar cane; verb beat with a cane
  • cane sugar - noun sugar from sugarcane used as sweetening agent; sucrose obtained from sugar cane
  • canella - noun highly aromatic inner bark of the Canella winterana used as a condiment and a tonic
  • canine - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of members of the family Canidae; of or relating to a pointed conical tooth; noun any of various fissiped mammals with nonretractile claws and typically long muzzles; one of the four pointed conical teeth (two in each jaw) located between the incisors and the premolars
  • canister - noun metal container for storing dry foods such as tea or flour; a metallic cylinder packed with shot and used as ammunition in a firearm
  • canker - noun an ulceration (especially of the lips or lining of the mouth); a fungal disease of woody plants that causes localized damage to the bark; a pernicious and malign influence that is hard to get rid of; verb infect with a canker; become infected with a canker
  • cannabin - noun a resin obtained from the hemp plant; thought to be the active narcotic agent in marijuana
  • cannabis - noun the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect; any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • canned - adj. sealed in a can or jar; recorded for broadcast
  • cannon - noun lower part of the leg extending from the hock to the fetlock in hoofed mammals; a large artillery gun that is usually on wheels; heavy automatic gun fired from an airplane; (Middle Ages) a cylindrical piece of armor plate to protect the arm; heavy gun fired from a tank; a shot in billiards in which the cue ball contacts one object ball and then the other; verb fire a cannon; make a cannon
  • cannon ball - noun a solid projectile that in former times was fired from a cannon
  • cannula - noun a small flexible tube inserted into a body cavity for draining off fluid or introducing medication
  • cant - noun insincere talk about religion or morals; two surfaces meeting at an angle different from 90 degrees; stock phrases that have become nonsense through endless repetition; a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves); a slope in the turn of a road or track; the outside is higher than the inside in order to reduce the effects of centrifugal force; verb heel over
  • canter - noun a smooth three-beat gait; between a trot and a gallop; verb ride at a canter; ride at a cantering pace; go at a canter, of horses
  • cantering - adj. riding at a gait between a trot and a gallop
  • canthus - noun either of the corners of the eye where the upper and lower eyelids meet
  • canton - noun a small administrative division of a country; a city on the Zhu Jiang delta in southern China; the capital of Guangdong province and a major deep-water port; verb divide into cantons, of a country; provide housing for (military personnel)
  • canvas - noun a heavy, closely woven fabric (used for clothing or chairs or sails or tents); the mat that forms the floor of the ring in which boxers or professional wrestlers compete; an oil painting on canvas fabric; the setting for a narrative or fictional or dramatic account; a tent made of canvas fabric; a large piece of fabric (usually canvas fabric) by means of which wind is used to propel a sailing vessel; verb cover with canvas; consider in detail and subject to an analysis in order to discover essential features or meaning; get the opinions (of people) by asking specific questions; solicit votes from potential voters in an electoral campaign
  • caoutchouc - noun an elastic material obtained from the latex sap of trees (especially trees of the genera Hevea and Ficus) that can be vulcanized and finished into a variety of products
  • cap - noun a tight-fitting headdress; a top (as for a bottle); something serving as a cover or protection; a fruiting structure resembling an umbrella that forms the top of a stalked fleshy fungus such as a mushroom; the upper part of a column that supports the entablature; dental appliance consisting of an artificial crown for a tooth; a mechanical or electrical explosive device or a small amount of explosive; can be used to initiate the reaction of a disrupting explosive; an upper limit on what is allowed; verb restrict the number or amount of; lie at the top of
  • capable - adj. (usually followed by `of') having capacity or ability; (followed by `of') having the temperament or inclination for; possibly accepting or permitting; having the requisite qualities for; have the skills and qualifications to do things well
  • capacity - noun a specified function; the maximum production possible; tolerance for alcohol; ability to perform or produce; the power to learn or retain knowledge; in law, the ability to understand the facts and significance of your behavior; (computer science) the amount of information (in bytes) that can be stored on a disk drive; the amount that can be contained; an electrical phenomenon whereby an electric charge is stored; the susceptibility of something to a particular treatment
  • cape - noun a sleeveless garment like a cloak but shorter; a strip of land projecting into a body of water
  • capillary - adj. long and slender with a very small internal diameter; of or relating to hair; noun a tube of small internal diameter; holds liquid by capillary action; any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules
  • capital - adj. uppercase; of primary important; first-rate; noun the upper part of a column that supports the entablature; one of the large alphabetic characters used as the first letter in writing or printing proper names and sometimes for emphasis; the federal government of the United States; a seat of government; a center that is associated more than any other with some activity or product; wealth in the form of money or property owned by a person or business and human resources of economic value; assets available for use in the production of further assets; a book written by Karl Marx (1867) describing his economic theories
  • capitulum - noun a dense clusters of flowers or foliage; the upper branches and leaves of a tree; fruiting spike of a cereal plant especially corn
  • capped - adj. covered as if with a cap or crown especially of a specified kind; used especially of front teeth having artificial crowns
  • capricious - adj. determined by chance or impulse or whim rather than by necessity or reason; changeable
  • capriciousness - noun the quality of being guided by sudden unpredictable impulses; the trait of acting unpredictably and more from whim or caprice than from reason or judgment
  • capsicum - noun any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers; chiefly tropical perennial shrubby plants having many-seeded fruits: sweet and hot peppers
  • capsular - adj. of or relating to a capsule; resembling a capsule
  • capsulated - adj. used of seeds or spores that are enclosed in a capsule
  • capsule - noun a pill in the form of a small rounded gelatinous container with medicine inside; a small container; a structure that encloses a body part; a dry dehiscent seed vessel or the spore-containing structure of e.g. mosses; a pilot's seat in an airplane that can be forcibly ejected in the case of an emergency; then the pilot descends by parachute; a spacecraft designed to transport people and support human life in outer space; a shortened version of a written work; verb enclose in a capsule; put in a short or concise form; reduce in volume
  • captain - noun a dining-room attendant who is in charge of the waiters and the seating of customers; the pilot in charge of an airship; the naval officer in command of a military ship; a policeman in charge of a precinct; an officer holding a rank below a major but above a lieutenant; the leader of a group of people; an officer who is licensed to command a merchant ship; verb be the captain of a sports team
  • caption - noun brief description accompanying an illustration; taking exception; especially an quibble based on a captious argument; translation of foreign dialogue of a movie or TV program; usually displayed at the bottom of the screen; verb provide with a caption, as of a photograph or a drawing
  • captivity - noun the state of being imprisoned; the state of being a slave
  • caput - noun a headlike protuberance on an organ or structure; the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains
  • car - noun a motor vehicle with four wheels; usually propelled by an internal combustion engine; a wheeled vehicle adapted to the rails of railroad; where passengers ride up and down; the compartment that is suspended from an airship and that carries personnel and the cargo and the power plant; a conveyance for passengers or freight on a cable railway
  • car sickness - noun motion sickness experienced while traveling in a car
  • caraway - noun leaves used sparingly in soups and stews; a Eurasian plant with small white flowers yielding caraway seed
  • carbamate - noun a salt (or ester) of carbamic acid
  • carbohydrate - noun an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
  • carbolated - adj. containing or treated with carbolic acid
  • carbolic acid - noun a toxic white soluble crystalline acidic derivative of benzene; used in manufacturing and as a disinfectant and antiseptic; poisonous if taken internally
  • carbon - noun a copy made with carbon paper; an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
  • carbonate - noun a salt or ester of carbonic acid (containing the anion CO3); verb treat with carbon dioxide; turn into a carbonate
  • carbonated - adj. having carbonation (especially artificially carbonated)
  • carbonic - adj. relating to or consisting of or yielding carbon
  • carbonization - noun the destructive distillation of coal (as in coke ovens)
  • carbuncle - noun an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus; deep-red cabochon garnet cut without facets
  • carcinoma - noun any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
  • card - noun one of a set of small pieces of stiff paper marked in various ways and used for playing games or for telling fortunes; a card certifying the identity of the bearer; (golf) a record of scores (as in golf); a rectangular piece of stiff paper used to send messages (may have printed greetings or pictures); thin cardboard, usually rectangular; a printed circuit that can be inserted into expansion slots in a computer to increase the computer's capabilities; (baseball) a list of batters in the order in which they will bat; a list of dishes available at a restaurant; a printed or written greeting that is left to indicate that you have visited; a sign posted in a public place as an advertisement; a witty amusing person who makes jokes; verb ask someone for identification to determine whether he or she is old enough to consume liquor; separate the fibers of
  • cardamom - noun aromatic seeds used as seasoning like cinnamon and cloves especially in pickles and barbecue sauces; rhizomatous herb of India having aromatic seeds used as seasoning
  • cardamon - noun aromatic seeds used as seasoning like cinnamon and cloves especially in pickles and barbecue sauces; rhizomatous herb of India having aromatic seeds used as seasoning
  • cardboard - adj. without substance; noun a stiff moderately thick paper
  • cardia - noun the opening into the stomach and that part of the stomach connected to the esophagus
  • cardiac - adj. of or relating to the heart
  • cardinal - adj. serving as an essential component; being or denoting a numerical quantity but not order; noun crested thick-billed North American finch having bright red plumage in the male; a variable color averaging a vivid red; (Roman Catholic Church) one of a group of more than 100 prominent bishops in the Sacred College who advise the Pope and elect new Popes; the number of elements in a mathematical set; denotes a quantity but not the order
  • cardiospasm - noun a spasm of the cardiac sphincter (between the esophagus and the stomach); if the cardiac sphincter does not relax during swallowing the passage of food into the stomach is obstructed
  • cardiovascular - adj. of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
  • carditis - noun inflammation of the heart
  • cardium - noun type genus of the family Cardiidae: cockles
  • cards - noun a game played with playing cards
  • care - noun activity involved in maintaining something in good working order; the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something; attention and management implying responsibility for safety; a cause for feeling concern; judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger; an anxious feeling; verb feel concern or interest; provide care for; be concerned with; prefer or wish to do something; be in charge of, act on, or dispose of
  • career - noun the general progression of your working or professional life; the particular occupation for which you are trained; verb move headlong at high speed
  • careful - adj. exercising caution or showing care or attention; with care and dignity; mindful of the future in spending money; cautiously attentive; full of cares or anxiety
  • carefully - adv. taking care or paying attention; with caution or prudence or tact
  • careless - adj. effortless and unstudied; marked by lack of attention or consideration or forethought or thoroughness; not careful; (usually followed by `of') without due thought or consideration
  • carelessly - adv. without care or concern; in a rakish manner; without caution or prudence
  • carelessness - noun the quality of not being careful or taking pains; failure to act with the prudence that a reasonable person would exercise under the same circumstances
  • cargo - noun goods carried by a large vehicle
  • caribbean - noun region including the Caribbean islands; an arm of the Atlantic Ocean between North and South America; the origin of the Gulf stream
  • carica - noun type genus of the Caricaceae; tropical American trees: papayas
  • caries - noun soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth
  • caring - adj. feeling and exhibiting concern and empathy for others; showing a care; having or displaying warmth or affection; noun a loving feeling
  • carious - adj. (of teeth) affected with cavities or decay
  • carlsbad - noun a town in southeastern New Mexico on the Pecos River near the Mexican border; potash deposits
  • carminative - adj. relieving gas in the alimentary tract (colic or flatulence or griping); noun medication that prevents the formation of gas in the alimentary tract or eases its passing
  • carmine - adj. of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies; noun a variable color averaging a vivid red; verb color carmine
  • carolina - noun the area of the states of North Carolina and South Carolina
  • carotid - adj. of or relating to either of the two major arteries supplying blood to the head and neck
  • carpal - adj. of or relating to the wrist; noun any of the eight small bones of the wrist of primates
  • carpet - noun floor covering consisting of a piece of thick heavy fabric (usually with nap or pile); verb cover with a carpet; cover completely, as if with a carpet; form a carpet-like cover (over)
  • carpus - noun a joint between the distal end of the radius and the proximal row of carpal bones
  • carrel - noun small individual study area in a library; French surgeon and biologist who developed a way to suture and graft blood vessels (1873-1944)
  • carriage - noun a vehicle with wheels drawn by one or more horses; a machine part that carries something else; characteristic way of bearing one's body; a small vehicle with four wheels in which a baby or child is pushed around; a railcar where passengers ride
  • carrier - noun (genetics) an organism that possesses a recessive gene whose effect is masked by a dominant allele; the associated trait is not apparent but can be passed on to offspring; a rack attached to a vehicle; for carrying luggage or skis or the like; a self-propelled wheeled vehicle designed specifically to carry something; a person or firm in the business of transporting people or goods or messages; (medicine) a person (or animal) who has some pathogen to which he is immune but who can pass it on to others; a boy who delivers newspapers; someone whose employment involves carrying something; an inactive substance that is a vehicle for a radioactive tracer of the same substance and that assists in its recovery after some chemical reaction; a large warship that carries planes and has a long flat deck for takeoffs and landings; a man who delivers the mail; a radio wave that can be modulated in order to transmit a signal
  • carry - noun the act of carrying something; verb continue or extend; include, as on a list; sing or play against other voices or parts; serve as a means for expressing something; pass on a communication; be successful in; win in an election; secure the passage or adoption (of bills and motions); cover a certain distance or advance beyond; have a certain range; be able to feed; drink alcohol without showing ill effects; bear or be able to bear the weight, pressure,or responsibility of; propel or give impetus to; bear (a crop); include as the content; broadcast or publicize; pursue a line of scent or be a bearer; transfer (a number, cipher, or remainder) to the next column or unit's place before or after, in addition or multiplication; capture after a fight; have on the surface or on the skin; take further or advance; compensate for a weaker partner or member by one's own performance; extend to a certain degree; win approval or support for; be equipped with (a mast or sail); be necessarily associated with or result in or involve; have or possess something abstract; keep up with financial support; have with oneself; have on one's person; be conveyed over a certain distance; have as an inherent or characteristic feature or have as a consequence; be pregnant with; propel, "Carry the ball"; move while supporting, either in a vehicle or in one's hands or on one's body; support or hold in a certain manner; transmit or serve as the medium for transmission; transfer (entries) from one account book to another; have on hand; behave in a certain manner; contain or hold; have within
  • cart - noun a heavy open wagon usually having two wheels and drawn by an animal; wheeled vehicle that can be pushed by a person; may have one or two or four wheels; verb transport something in a cart; draw slowly or heavily
  • cartilage - noun tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
  • cartilaginous - adj. difficult to chew; of or relating to cartilage
  • cartwheel - noun acrobatic revolutions with the body turned sideways and the arms and legs outstretched like the spokes of a wheel; a wheel that has wooden spokes and a metal rim; a dollar made of silver; verb do cartwheels: perform an acrobatic movement using both hands and feet
  • caruncle - noun an outgrowth on a plant or animal such as a fowl's wattle or a protuberance near the hilum of certain seeds
  • casals - noun an outstanding Spanish cellist noted for his interpretation of Bach's cello suites (1876-1973)
  • cascara - noun dried bark of the cascara buckthorn used as a laxative
  • cascarilla - noun West Indian shrub with aromatic bark
  • case - noun a portable container for carrying several objects; a glass container used to store and display items in a shop or museum or home; bed linen consisting of a cover for a pillow; the actual state of things; nouns or pronouns or adjectives (often marked by inflection) related in some way to other words in a sentence; a statement of facts and reasons used to support an argument; a problem requiring investigation; an occurrence of something; a person requiring professional services; the quantity contained in a case; a specific state of mind that is temporary; a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy; the enclosing frame around a door or window opening; the housing or outer covering of something; an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part; a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities); a person who is subjected to experimental or other observational procedures; someone who is an object of investigation; a special set of circumstances; verb look over, usually with the intention to rob; enclose in, or as if in, a case
  • caseate - verb become cheeselike; turn into cheese
  • casein - noun a milk protein used in making e.g. plastics and adhesives; a water-base paint made with a protein precipitated from milk
  • caseous - adj. of damaged or necrotic tissue; cheeselike
  • caspar - noun (New Testament) one of the three sages from the east who came bearing gifts for the infant Jesus
  • casper - noun a city of east central Wyoming on the North Platte river
  • caspian - adj. of or relating to or characteristic of the Caspian Sea; noun a large saltwater lake between Iran and Russia fed by the Volga River; the largest inland body of water in the world
  • casserole - noun large deep dish in which food can be cooked and served; food cooked and served in a casserole
  • cassia - noun Chinese tree with aromatic bark; yields a less desirable cinnamon than Ceylon cinnamon; any of various trees or shrubs of the genus Cassia having pinnately compound leaves and usually yellow flowers followed by long seedpods; some genus Cassia species often classified as members of the genus Senna or genus Chamaecrista
  • cast - adj. (of molten metal or glass) formed by pouring or pressing into a mold; noun the act of throwing dice; object formed by a mold; bandage consisting of a firm covering (often made of plaster of Paris) that immobilizes broken bones while they heal; the actors in a play; the distinctive form in which a thing is made; a violent throw; the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel; container into which liquid is poured to create a given shape when it hardens; the visual appearance of something or someone; verb form by pouring (e.g., wax or hot metal) into a cast or mold; select to play,sing, or dance a part in a play, movie, musical, opera, or ballet; deposit; assign the roles of (a movie or a play) to actors; eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth; formulate in a particular style or language; choose at random; throw forcefully; get rid of; put or send forth; move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment
  • caste - noun a social class separated from others by distinctions of hereditary rank or profession or wealth; (Hinduism) a hereditary social class among Hindus; stratified according to ritual purity; social status or position conferred by a system based on class
  • castile - noun a region of central Spain; a former kingdom that comprised most of modern Spain and united with Aragon to form Spain in 1479
  • casting - noun the choice of actors to play particular roles in a play or movie; the act of throwing a fishing line out over the water by means of a rod and reel; the act of creating something by casting it in a mold; object formed by a mold
  • castor - noun type genus of the Castoridae: beavers; a multiple star with 6 components; second brightest in Gemini; close to Pollux; a hat made with the fur of a beaver (or similar material); a pivoting roller attached to the bottom of furniture or trucks or portable machines to make them movable; a shaker with a perforated top for sprinkling powdered sugar
  • castor oil - noun a purgative extracted from the seed of the castor plant; used in paint and varnish as well as medically
  • castration - noun surgical removal of the testes or ovaries (usually to inhibit hormone secretion in cases of breast cancer in women or prostate cancer in men); neutering a male animal by removing the testicles; the deletion of objectionable parts from a literary work
  • casual - adj. hasty and without attention to detail; not thorough; marked by blithe unconcern; not showing effort or strain; suited for everyday use; without or seeming to be without plan or method; offhand; occuring from time to time; natural and unstudied; characterized by a feeling of irresponsibility; occurring or appearing or singled out by chance
  • casualty - noun a decrease of military personnel or equipment; someone injured or killed in an accident; someone injured or killed or captured or missing in a military engagement; an accident that causes someone to die
  • cat - noun feline mammal usually having thick soft fur and no ability to roar: domestic cats; wildcats; a spiteful woman gossip; a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross-sectional scans along a single axis; any of several large cats typically able to roar and living in the wild; a large tracked vehicle that is propelled by two endless metal belts; frequently used for moving earth in construction and farm work; a whip with nine knotted cords; the leaves of the shrub Catha edulis which are chewed like tobacco or used to make tea; has the effect of a euphoric stimulant; an informal term for a youth or man; verb beat with a cat-o'-nine-tails; eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • catalepsy - noun a trancelike state with loss of voluntary motion and failure to react to stimuli
  • catalytic - adj. relating to or causing or involving catalysis
  • catamenia - noun the monthly discharge of blood from the uterus of nonpregnant women from puberty to menopause
  • catamenial - adj. of or relating to menstruation or the menses
  • cataphoresis - noun the motion of charged particles in a colloid under the influence of an electric field; particles with a positive charge go to the cathode and negative to the anode
  • cataplasm - noun a medical dressing consisting of a soft heated mass of meal or clay that is spread on a cloth and applied to the skin to treat inflamed areas or improve circulation etc.
  • cataract - noun a large waterfall; violent rush of water over a precipice; clouding of the natural lens of the eye
  • catarrh - noun inflammation of the nose and throat with increased production of mucus
  • catatonia - noun extreme tonus; muscular rigidity; a common symptom in catatonic schizophrenia; a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
  • catatonic - adj. characterized by catatonia especially either rigidity or extreme laxness of limbs
  • catch - noun the act of catching an object with the hands; a cooperative game in which a ball is passed back and forth; a fastener that fastens or locks a door or window; a restraint that checks the motion of something; a drawback or difficulty that is not readily evident; a break or check in the voice (usually a sign of strong emotion); anything that is caught (especially if it is worth catching); a person regarded as a good matrimonial prospect; the quantity that was caught; the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal); verb contract; delay or hold up; prevent from proceeding on schedule or as planned; be struck or affected by; grasp with the mind or develop an understanding of; discover or come upon accidentally, suddenly, or unexpectedly; catch somebody doing something or in a certain state; become aware of; be the catcher; cause to become accidentally or suddenly caught, ensnared, or entangled; spread or be communicated; take hold of so as to seize or restrain or stop the motion of; take in and retain; attract and fix; apprehend and reproduce accurately; reach in time; suffer from the receipt of; perceive with the senses quickly, suddenly, or momentarily; hear, usually without the knowledge of the speakers; perceive by hearing; get or regain something necessary, usually quickly or briefly; check oneself during an action; start burning; detect a blunder or misstep; catch up with and possibly overtake; succeed in catching or seizing, especially after a chase; to hook or entangle; reach with a blow or hit in a particular spot; capture as if by hunting, snaring, or trapping; attract; cause to be enamored; see or watch
  • catching - adj. (of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection; noun becoming infected; (baseball) playing the position of catcher on a baseball team; the act of detecting something; catching sight of something
  • catechu - noun East Indian spiny tree having twice-pinnate leaves and yellow flowers followed by flat pods; source of black catechu; extract of the heartwood of Acacia catechu used for dying and tanning and preserving fishnets and sails; formerly used medicinally
  • categoric - adj. not modified or restricted by reservations; relating to or included in a category or categories
  • category - noun a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations in a conceptual scheme; a collection of things sharing a common attribute
  • catgut - noun a strong cord made from the intestines of sheep and used in surgery; perennial subshrub of eastern North America having downy leaves yellowish and rose flowers and; source of rotenone
  • catharsis - noun (psychoanalysis) purging of emotional tensions; purging the body by the use of a cathartic to stimulate evacuation of the bowels
  • cathartic - adj. strongly laxative; emotionally purging (of e.g. art); emotionally purging; noun a purging medicine; stimulates evacuation of the bowels
  • catheter - noun a thin flexible tube inserted into the body to permit introduction or withdrawal of fluids or to keep the passageway open
  • catheterization - noun the operation of introducing a catheter into the body
  • catheterize - verb insert a catheter into (a body part)
  • cathode - noun a negatively charged electrode that is the source of electrons entering an electrical device; the positively charged terminal of a voltaic cell or storage battery that supplies current
  • cation - noun a positively charged ion
  • catoptric - adj. of or relating to catoptrics; produced by or based on mirrors
  • cattle - noun domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age
  • caucasian - adj. of or relating to Caucasian people; of or relating to the geographical region of Caucasia; noun a number of languages spoken in the Caucasus that have no known affiliations to languages spoken elsewhere; a member of the Caucasoid race
  • cauda - noun any taillike structure
  • caudal - adj. situated in or directed toward the part of the body from which the tail arises; resembling a tail; constituting or relating to a tail; adv. toward the posterior end of the body
  • caudate - adj. having a tail or taillike appendage; of a leaf shape; tapering gradually into a long taillike tip; noun amphibians that resemble lizards; a tail-shaped basal ganglion located in a lateral ventricle of the brain
  • caul - noun the inner membrane of embryos in higher vertebrates (especially when covering the head at birth); part of the peritoneum attached to the stomach and to the colon and covering the intestines
  • cauliflower - noun compact head of white undeveloped flowers; a plant having a large edible head of crowded white flower buds
  • causal - adj. involving or constituting a cause; causing
  • causalgia - noun a burning pain in a limb along the course of a peripheral nerve; usually associated with skin changes
  • causation - noun the act of causing something to happen
  • cause - noun a justification for something existing or happening; events that provide the generative force that is the origin of something; any entity that produces an effect or is responsible for events or results; a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end; a comprehensive term for any proceeding in a court of law whereby an individual seeks a legal remedy; verb give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally; cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner
  • causeless - adj. having no cause or apparent cause; having no justifying cause or reason
  • causing - noun the act of causing something to happen
  • caustic - adj. of a substance, especially a strong acid; capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action; harsh or corrosive in tone; noun any chemical substance that burns or destroys living tissue
  • cauterization - noun the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing
  • cauterize - verb burn, sear, or freeze (tissue) using a hot iron or electric current or a caustic agent; make insensitive or callous; deaden feelings or morals
  • cautery - noun the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing; an instrument or substance used to destroy tissue for medical reasons (eg removal of a wart) by burning it with a hot iron or an electric current or a caustic or by freezing it
  • caution - noun the trait of being cautious; being attentive to possible danger; judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger; a warning against certain acts; the trait of being circumspect and prudent; verb warn strongly; put on guard
  • cautionary - adj. tending to ward off; serving to warn
  • cautious - adj. cautious in attitude and careful in actions; prudent; showing careful forethought; avoiding excess; noun people who are fearful and cautious
  • cautiously - adv. with caution or prudence or tact; in a conservative manner
  • cavalry - noun a highly mobile army unit; troops trained to fight on horseback
  • cavern - noun a large cave or a large chamber in a cave; any large dark enclosed space; verb hollow out as if making a cavern
  • cavernous - adj. being or suggesting a cavern; filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood
  • caviar - noun salted roe of sturgeon or other large fish; usually served as an hors d'oeuvre
  • cavity - noun (anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body; soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth; space that is surrounded by something; a sizeable hole (usually in the ground)
  • cayenne - noun a long and often twisted hot red pepper; ground pods and seeds of pungent red peppers of the genus Capsicum; plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • cd - noun a digitally encoded recording on an optical disk that is smaller than a phonograph record; played back by a laser; a debt instrument issued by a bank; usually pays interest; the basic unit of luminous intensity adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; equal to 1/60 of the luminous intensity per square centimeter of a black body radiating at the temperature of 2,046 degrees Kelvin; a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element; occurs in association with zinc ores
  • ce - adv. of the period coinciding with the Christian era; preferred by some writers who are not Christians; noun a ductile grey metallic element of the lanthanide series; used in lighter flints; the most abundant of the rare-earth group
  • cease - noun (`cease' is a noun only in the phrase `without cease') end; verb have an end, in a temporal, spatial, or quantitative sense; either spatial or metaphorical; put an end to a state or an activity
  • cecal - adj. of or like a cecum
  • cecum - noun the cavity in which the large intestine begins and into which the ileum opens
  • cedar - noun any cedar of the genus Cedrus; durable aromatic wood of any of numerous cedar trees; especially wood of the red cedar often used for cedar chests; any of numerous trees of the family Cupressaceae that resemble cedars
  • cede - verb relinquish possession or control over; give over; surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another
  • ceding - noun the act of ceding
  • ceiling - noun the overhead upper surface of a room; (meteorology) altitude of the lowest layer of clouds; maximum altitude at which a plane can fly (under specified conditions); an upper limit on what is allowed
  • celebrated - adj. having an illustrious past; widely known and esteemed
  • celebration - noun any joyous diversion; the public performance of a sacrament or solemn ceremony with all appropriate ritual; a joyful occasion for special festivities to mark some happy event
  • celery - noun stalks eaten raw or cooked or used as seasoning; widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked
  • celiac - adj. belonging to or prescribed for celiac disease; of or in or belonging to the cavity of the abdomen
  • celibacy - noun an unmarried status; abstaining from sexual relations (as because of religious vows)
  • cell - noun (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals; a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction; a room where a prisoner is kept; small room is which a monk or nun lives; any small compartment; a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement; a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver
  • cell division - noun the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divides to form daughter cells
  • cellar - noun storage space where wines are stored; the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground level; often used for storage; an excavation where root vegetables are stored
  • cellular - adj. characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization); relating to cells
  • cellulitis - noun an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
  • celluloid - adj. artificial as if portrayed in a film; noun highly flammable substance made from cellulose nitrate and camphor; used in e.g. motion-picture and X-ray film; its use has decreased with the development of nonflammable thermoplastics; a medium that disseminates moving pictures
  • cellulose - noun a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers
  • celsius - noun Swedish astronomer who devised the centigrade thermometer (1701-1744)
  • cement - noun something that hardens to act as adhesive material; a building material that is a powder made of a mixture of calcined limestone and clay; used with water and sand or gravel to make concrete and mortar; concrete pavement is sometimes referred to as cement; any of various materials used by dentists to fill cavities in teeth; a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth; verb make fast as if with cement; bind or join with or as if with cement; cover or coat with cement
  • cementum - noun a specialized bony substance covering the root of a tooth
  • census - noun a periodic count of the population; verb conduct a census
  • cent - noun a fractional monetary unit of several countries; a coin worth one-hundredth of the value of the basic unit
  • center - adj. equally distant from the extremes; of or belonging to neither the right nor the left politically or intellectually; noun a position on a basketball team of the player who participates in the jump that starts the game; the position of the player on the line of scrimmage who puts the ball in play; the position on a hockey team of the player who participates in the face off at the beginning of the game; a building dedicated to a particular activity; a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process; the object upon which interest and attention focuses; the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering; politically moderate persons; centrists; the middle of a military or naval formation; a place where some particular activity is concentrated; a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure; an area that is approximately central within some larger region; (football) the person who plays center on the line of scrimmage and snaps the ball to the quarterback; (basketball) the person who plays center on a basketball team; (ice hockey) the person who plays center on a hockey team; the piece of ground in the outfield directly ahead of the catcher; mercantile establishment consisting of a carefully landscaped complex of shops representing leading merchandisers; usually includes restaurants and a convenient parking area; a modern version of the traditional marketplace; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; verb move into the center; direct one's attention on something; center upon
  • centered - adj. being or placed in the center; concentrated on or clustered around a central point or purpose
  • centering - noun (American football) putting the ball in play by passing it (between the legs) to a back; the concentration of attention or energy on something
  • centiliter - noun a metric unit of volume equal to one hundredth of a liter
  • centimeter - noun a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter
  • centipede - noun chiefly nocturnal predacious arthropod having a flattened body of 15 to 173 segments each with a pair of legs the foremost being modified into poison fangs
  • central - adj. in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area; centrally located and easy to reach; used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place; serving as an essential component; noun a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • centrally - adv. in or near or toward a center or according to a central role or function
  • centric - adj. having or situated at or near a center
  • centrifugal - adj. tending to move away from a center; conveying information to the muscles from the CNS; tending away from centralization, as of authority
  • centrifuge - noun an apparatus that uses centrifugal force to separate particles from a suspension; verb rotate at very high speed in order to separate the liquids from the solids
  • centripetal - adj. tending to move toward a center; of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system; tending to unify
  • centrosome - noun small region of cytoplasm adjacent to the nucleus; contains the centrioles and serves to organize the microtubules
  • century - noun a period of 100 years
  • ceo - noun the corporate executive responsible for the operations of the firm; reports to a board of directors; may appoint other managers (including a president)
  • cephalalgia - noun pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs
  • cephalhematoma - noun a collection of blood under the scalp of a newborn; caused by pressure during birth
  • cephalic - adj. of or relating to the head
  • cer - noun an emotional response that has been acquired by conditioning
  • cerate - noun a hard medicated paste made of lard or oil mixed with wax or resin
  • cere - verb wrap us in a cerecloth
  • cereal - adj. made of grain or relating to grain or the plants that produce it; noun a breakfast food prepared from grain; grass whose starchy grains are used as food: wheat; rice; rye; oats; maize; buckwheat; millet; foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses
  • cerebellar - adj. relating to or associated with the cerebellum
  • cerebellum - noun a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
  • cerebral - adj. involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • cerebration - noun the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
  • cerebrum - noun anterior portion of the brain consisting of two hemispheres; dominant part of the brain in humans
  • cereus - noun genus of much-branched treelike or shrubby cacti with pronounced ribs and rounded needlelike spines and nocturnal flowers usually white
  • cerium - noun a ductile grey metallic element of the lanthanide series; used in lighter flints; the most abundant of the rare-earth group
  • cerous - adj. of or relating to or containing cerium with valence 3
  • certain - adj. exercising or taking care great enough to bring assurance; established beyond doubt or question; definitely known; having or feeling no doubt or uncertainty; confident and assured; certain to occur; destined or inevitable; definite but not specified or identified; reliable in operation or effect; established irrevocably
  • certainly - adv. definitely or positively (`sure' is sometimes used informally for `surely')
  • certainty - noun something that is certain; the state of being certain
  • certificate - noun a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; a formal declaration that documents a fact of relevance to finance and investment; the holder has a right to receive interest or dividends; verb authorize by certificate; present someone with a certificate
  • certification - noun the act of certifying or bestowing a franchise on; validating the authenticity of something or someone; a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts; confirmation that some fact or statement is true
  • certified - adj. endorsed authoritatively as having met certain requirements; holding appropriate documentation and officially on record as qualified to perform a specified function or practice a specified skill; having quality or payment or delivery guaranteed; fit to be certified as insane (and treated accordingly)
  • cerumen - noun a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal
  • cervical - adj. relating to or associated with the neck; of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
  • cervix - noun necklike opening to the uterus; the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body
  • cesarean - adj. relating to abdominal delivery; noun the delivery of a fetus by surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus (from the belief that Julius Caesar was born that way)
  • cesspool - noun a covered cistern; waste water and sewage flow into it
  • cetraria - noun foliose lichens chiefly of northern latitudes
  • ceylon - noun an island in the Indian Ocean off the southeastern coast of India; a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of the United Kingdom in 1948
  • cf - adv. compare (used in texts to point the reader to another location in the text); noun the most common congenital disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene; there is no cure; a radioactive transuranic element; discovered by bombarding curium with alpha particles
  • chablis - noun dry white table wine of Chablis, France or a wine resembling it; a town in north central France noted for white Burgundy wines
  • chafe - noun soreness and warmth caused by friction; anger produced by some annoying irritation; verb warm by rubbing, as with the hands; tear or wear off the skin or make sore by abrading; feel extreme irritation or anger; become or make sore by or as if by rubbing; cause friction; cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations
  • chafing - noun soreness or irritation of the skin caused by friction
  • chagrin - noun strong feelings of embarrassment; verb cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of
  • chain - noun a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament; a necklace made by a stringing objects together; anything that acts as a restraint; a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership; a series of things depending on each other as if linked together; (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule); British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979); a unit of length; a series of hills or mountains; verb fasten or secure with chains; connect or arrange into a chain by linking
  • chains - noun metal shackles; for hands or legs
  • chair - noun a seat for one person, with a support for the back; the position of professor; an instrument of execution by electrocution; resembles an ordinary seat for one person; the officer who presides at the meetings of an organization; verb act or preside as chair, as of an academic department in a university; preside over
  • chalazion - noun a small sebaceous cyst of the eyelid resulting when a Meibomian gland is blocked
  • chalk - noun a piece of calcite or a similar substance, usually in the shape of a crayon, that is used to write or draw on blackboards or other flat surfaces; a pure flat white with little reflectance; a soft whitish calcite; an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant; verb write, draw, or trace with chalk
  • chalky - adj. of something having the color of chalk; composed of or containing or resembling calcium carbonate or calcite or chalk
  • chalybeate - adj. containing or impregnated with or tasting of iron
  • chamber - noun a natural or artificial enclosed space; a room where a judge transacts business; an enclosed volume in the body; a deliberative or legislative or administrative or judicial assembly; a room used primarily for sleeping; verb place in a chamber
  • chambers - noun English architect (1723-1796)
  • chamois - noun hoofed mammal of mountains of Eurasia having upright horns with backward-hooked tips; a soft suede leather formerly from the skin of the chamois antelope but now from sheepskin
  • chamomile - noun Eurasian plant apple-scented foliage and white-rayed flowers and feathery leaves used medicinally; in some classification systems placed in genus Anthemis
  • champagne - noun a white sparkling wine either produced in Champagne or resembling that produced there; a region of northeastern France
  • champion - adj. holding first place in a contest; noun someone who fights for a cause; someone who has won first place in a competition; someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field; a person who backs a politician or a team etc.; verb protect or fight for as a champion
  • chance - adj. occurring or appearing or singled out by chance; noun a risk involving danger; a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible; an unknown and unpredictable phenomenon that causes an event to result one way rather than another; the possibility of future success; a possibility due to a favorable combination of circumstances; verb be the case by chance; come upon, as if by accident; meet with; take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome
  • chancellor - noun the honorary or titular head of a university; the person who is head of state (in several countries)
  • chancre - noun a small hard painless nodule at the site of entry of a pathogen (as syphilis)
  • chancroidal - adj. of or relating to or having chancroids
  • change - noun the action of changing something; a different or fresh set of clothes; a thing that is different; an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another; the result of alteration or modification; money received in return for its equivalent in a larger denomination or a different currency; the balance of money received when the amount you tender is greater than the amount due; coins of small denomination regarded collectively; a relational difference between states; especially between states before and after some event; a difference that is usually pleasant; verb undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; make or become different in some particular way, without permanently losing one's or its former characteristics or essence; cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category; remove or replace the coverings of; change clothes; put on different clothes; lay aside, abandon, or leave for another; become deeper in tone; change from one vehicle or transportation line to another; give to, and receive from, one another
  • changeable - adj. such that alteration is possible; having a marked tendency to change; varying in color when seen in different lights or from different angles; subject to change; capable of or tending to change in form or quality or nature
  • changed - adj. made or become different in some respect; made or become different in nature or form; changed in constitution or structure or composition by metamorphism
  • changing - adj. marked by continuous change or effective action
  • channel - noun a passage for water (or other fluids) to flow through; a television station and its programs; a path over which electrical signals can pass; (often plural) a means of communication or access; a deep and relatively narrow body of water (as in a river or a harbor or a strait linking two larger bodies) that allows the best passage for vessels; a way of selling a company's product either directly or via distributors; a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance; a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record); verb direct the flow of; send from one person or place to another; transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  • channels - noun official routes of communication
  • chanter - noun reed pipe with finger holes on which the melody is played
  • chaplain - noun a clergyman ministering to some institution
  • chapped - adj. used of skin roughened as a result of cold or exposure
  • char - noun any of several small troutlike fish of the genus Salvelinus; a charred substance; a human female who does housework; verb burn slightly and superficially so as to affect color; burn to charcoal
  • character - noun (genetics) an attribute (structural or functional) that is determined by a gene or group of genes; the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions; an actor's portrayal of someone in a play; a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability; a written symbol that is used to represent speech; a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities); good repute; a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something; an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story); verb engrave or inscribe characters on
  • characteristic - adj. typical or distinctive; noun a distinguishing quality; any measurable property of a device measured under closely specified conditions; the integer part (positive or negative) of the representation of a logarithm; in the expression log 643 = 2.808 the characteristic is 2; a prominent aspect of something
  • characterize - verb be characteristic of; describe or portray the character or the qualities or peculiarities of
  • characterized - adj. of the meaning of words or concepts; stated precisely
  • charcoal - adj. of a very dark grey; noun a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a drawing made with a stick of black carbon material; a very dark grey color; a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic matter in the absence of air; verb draw, trace, or represent with charcoal
  • charcot - noun French neurologist who tried to use hypnotism to cure hysteria (1825-1893)
  • charge - noun a impetuous rush toward someone or something; a quantity of explosive to be set off at one time; heraldry consisting of a design or image depicted on a shield; (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense; request for payment of a debt; a person committed to your care; the quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body (either positive or negative) and construed as an excess or deficiency of electrons; the price charged for some article or service; financial liabilities (such as a tax); a special assignment that is given to a person or group; attention and management implying responsibility for safety; an assertion that someone is guilty of a fault or offence; a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something; the swift release of a store of affective force; (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object; verb saturate; energize a battery by passing a current through it in the direction opposite to discharge; cause formation of a net electrical charge in or on; set or ask for a certain price; instruct or command with authority; instruct (a jury) about the law, its application, and the weighing of evidence; impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to; blame for, make a claim of wrongdoing or misbehavior against; make an accusatory claim; file a formal charge against; to make a rush at or sudden attack upon, as in battle; direct into a position for use; fill or load to capacity; place a heraldic bearing on; lie down on command, of hunting dogs; pay with a credit card; pay with plastic money; postpone payment by recording a purchase as a debt; demand payment; enter a certain amount as a charge; attribute responsibility to; provide with munition; cause to be agitated, excited, or roused; move quickly and violently; give over to another for care or safekeeping; cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution; assign a duty, responsibility or obligation to
  • charged - adj. of a particle or body or system; having a net amount of positive or negative electric charge; fraught with great emotion; capable of producing violent emotion or arousing controversy; supplied with carbon dioxide
  • charles - noun a river in eastern Massachusetts that empties into Boston Harbor and that separates Cambridge from Boston; French physicist and author of Charles's law which anticipated Gay-Lussac's law (1746-1823); the eldest son of Elizabeth II and heir to the English throne (born in 1948); son of James I who was King of England and Scotland and Ireland; was deposed and executed by Oliver Cromwell (1600-1649); King of England and Scotland and Ireland during the Restoration (1630-1685); as Charles II he was Holy Roman Emperor and as Charles I he was king of France (823-877); King of France who began his reign with most of northern France under English control; after the intervention of Jeanne d'Arc the French were able to defeat the English and end the Hundred Years' War (1403-1461); King of France from 1560 to 1574 whose reign was dominated by his mother Catherine de Medicis (1550-1574); king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor; conqueror of the Lombards and Saxons (742-814)
  • charlotte - noun a mold lined with cake or crumbs and filled with fruit or whipped cream or custard; the largest city in North Carolina; located in south central North Carolina
  • charr - noun any of several small troutlike fish of the genus Salvelinus
  • charred - adj. having been burned so as to affect color or taste
  • chart - noun a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea; a visual display of information; verb plan in detail; make a chart of; represent by means of a graph
  • chase - noun United States politician and jurist who served as chief justice of the United States Supreme Court (1808-1873); the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture; verb cut a groove into; go after with the intent to catch; pursue someone sexually or romantically; cut a furrow into a columns
  • chaste - adj. morally pure (especially not having experienced sexual intercourse); abstaining from unlawful sexual intercourse; pure and simple in design or style
  • chatter - noun the high-pitched continuing noise made by animals (birds or monkeys); the rapid series of noises made by the parts of a machine; noisy talk; verb speak (about unimportant matters) rapidly and incessantly; make noise as if chattering away; cut unevenly with a chattering tool; click repeatedly or uncontrollably; talk socially without exchanging too much information
  • chattering - adj. engaged in making a rapid repetitive noise resembling speech; noun the high-pitched continuing noise made by animals (birds or monkeys); the rapid series of noises made by the parts of a machine
  • chaulmoogra - noun East Indian tree with oily seeds yield chaulmoogra oil used to treat leprosy
  • cheap - adj. relatively low in price or charging low prices; embarrassingly stingy; of very poor quality; flimsy; tastelessly showy
  • cheapness - noun tastelessness by virtue of being cheap and vulgar; a price below the standard price
  • check - noun the act of inspecting or verifying; (chess) a direct attack on an opponent's king; obstructing an opponent in ice hockey; a textile pattern of squares or crossed lines (resembling a checkerboard); a mark left after a small piece has been chopped or broken off of something; the bill in a restaurant; a written order directing a bank to pay money; the act of restraining power or action or limiting excess; something immaterial that interferes with or delays action or progress; an appraisal of the state of affairs; additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct; a mark indicating that something has been noted or completed etc.; the state of inactivity following an interruption; verb make cracks or chinks in; arrest the motion (of something) abruptly; slow the growth or development of; examine so as to determine accuracy, quality, or condition; put a check mark on or near or next to; verify by consulting a source or authority; write out a check on a bank account; place into check; hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; decline to initiate betting; mark into squares or draw squares on; draw crossed lines on; stop for a moment, as if out of uncertainty or caution; stop in a chase especially when scent is lost; abandon the intended prey, turn, and pursue an inferior prey, of falcons; hand over something to somebody as for temporary safekeeping; consign for shipment on a vehicle; make an examination or investigation; block or impede (a player from the opposing team) in ice hockey; be verified or confirmed; pass inspection; become fractured; break or crack on the surface only; be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort; lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control; be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics
  • checked - adj. patterned with alternating squares of color; held back from some action especially by force
  • cheek - noun either side of the face below the eyes; impudent aggressiveness; either of the two large fleshy masses of muscular tissue that form the human rump; an impudent statement; verb speak impudently to
  • cheerful - adj. being full of or promoting cheer; having or showing good spirits; pleasantly (even unrealistically) optimistic
  • cheerfulness - noun the quality of being cheerful and dispelling gloom; a feeling of spontaneous good spirits
  • cheese - noun a solid food prepared from the pressed curd of milk; erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States; verb wind onto a cheese; used in the imperative (get away, or stop it)
  • cheesy - adj. of very poor quality; flimsy
  • cheloid - noun raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury; results from excessive tissue repair
  • chemic - adj. relating to or used in chemistry
  • chemical - adj. relating to or used in chemistry; of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes; noun produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
  • chemically - adv. with respect to chemistry; by the use of chemicals
  • chemist - noun a scientist who specializes in chemistry; a health professional trained in the art of preparing and dispensing drugs
  • chemistry - noun the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions; the way two individuals relate to each other
  • chemosis - noun edema of the mucous membrane of the eyeball and eyelid lining
  • cherry - adj. of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies; noun a red fruit with a single hard stone; any of numerous trees and shrubs producing a small fleshy round fruit with a single hard stone; many also produce a valuable hardwood; wood of any of various cherry trees especially the black cherry; a red the color of ripe cherries
  • cherry-red - adj. of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies
  • chest - noun box with a lid; used for storage; usually large and sturdy; furniture with drawers for keeping clothes; the part of the human torso between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates
  • chestnut - adj. (of hair) of a golden brown to reddish brown color; noun a dark golden-brown or reddish-brown horse; a small horny callus on the inner surface of a horse's leg; edible nut of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea; any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumn; yield a hard wood and edible nuts in a prickly bur; wood of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea
  • chew - noun biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow; a wad of something chewable as tobacco; verb chew (food)
  • chewing - noun biting and grinding food in your mouth so it becomes soft enough to swallow
  • chewing gum - noun a preparation (usually made of sweetened chicle) for chewing; a gum prepared for chewing; sweetened and flavored
  • chiasm - noun an intersection or crossing of two tracts in the form of the letter X
  • chicago - noun largest city in Illinois; a bustling Great Lakes port that extends 26 miles along the southwestern shoreline of Lake Michigan; a gambling card game in which chips are placed on the ace and king and queen and jack of separate suits (taken from a separate deck); a player plays the lowest card of a suit in his hand and successively higher cards are played until the sequence stops; the player who plays a card matching one in the layout wins all the chips on that card
  • chicken - adj. easily frightened; noun a domestic fowl bred for flesh or eggs; believed to have been developed from the red jungle fowl; a foolhardy competition; a dangerous activity that is continued until one competitor becomes afraid and stops; the flesh of a chicken used for food; a person who lacks confidence, is irresolute and wishy-washy
  • chief - adj. most important element; noun a person who exercises control over workers; a person who is in charge
  • chigoe - noun small tropical flea; the fertile female burrows under the skin of the host including humans
  • chilblain - noun inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
  • chilblains - noun inflammation of the hands and feet caused by exposure to cold and moisture
  • child - noun a young person of either sex; a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age; an immature childish person; a member of a clan or tribe
  • childbirth - noun the parturition process in human beings; having a baby; the process of giving birth to a child
  • childhood - noun the state of a child between infancy and adolescence; the time of person's life when they are a child
  • chili - noun very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency; ground beef and chili peppers or chili powder often with tomatoes and kidney beans
  • chill - adj. uncomfortably cool; noun coldness due to a cold environment; a sudden numbing dread; a sensation of cold that often marks the start of an infection and the development of a fever; an almost pleasurable sensation of fright; verb depress or discourage; loose heat; make cool or cooler
  • chilli - noun very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency
  • chilliness - noun the property of being moderately cold; a lack of affection or enthusiasm
  • chilling - adj. so scary as to cause chills and shudders; noun the process of becoming cooler; a falling temperature
  • chilly - adj. not characterized by emotion; lacking warmth of feeling; uncomfortably cool; noun very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency
  • chimaphila - noun small genus of evergreen herbs with long creeping rootstocks and shining leaves; North America; Europe; east Asia
  • chimney - noun a vertical flue that provides a path through which smoke from a fire is carried away through the wall or roof of a building; a glass flue surrounding the wick of an oil lamp
  • chin - noun the protruding part of the lower jaw; Kamarupan languages spoken in western Burma and Bangladesh and easternmost India; verb raise oneself while hanging from one's hands until one's chin is level with the support bar
  • chin rest - noun a rest on which a violinist can place the chin
  • china - noun high quality porcelain originally made only in China; a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world; dishware made of high quality porcelain; a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong
  • chinese - adj. of or pertaining to China or its peoples or cultures; of or relating to or characteristic of the island republic on Taiwan or its residents or their language; noun any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system; a native or inhabitant of Communist China or of Nationalist China
  • chinook - noun large Pacific salmon valued as food; adults die after spawning; a member of an important North American Indian people who controlled the mouth of the Columbia river; they were organized into settlements rather than tribes; a warm dry wind blowing down the eastern slopes of the Rockies; a Penutian language spoken by the Chinook; pink or white flesh of large Pacific salmon
  • chisel - noun an edge tool with a flat steel blade with a cutting edge; verb carve with a chisel; deprive somebody of something by deceit; engage in deceitful behavior; practice trickery or fraud
  • chiseled - adj. having a clean and distinct outline as if precisely cut along the edges
  • chloasma - noun a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  • chlorate - noun any salt of chloric acid
  • chloride - noun any salt of hydrochloric acid (containing the chloride ion); any compound containing a chlorine atom
  • chloroform - noun a volatile liquid haloform (CHCl3); formerly used as an anesthetic; verb anesthetize with chloroform
  • chlorophyl - noun any of a group of green pigments found in photosynthetic organisms; there are four naturally occurring forms
  • chlorosis - noun iron deficiency anemia in young women; characterized by weakness and menstrual disturbances and a green color to the skin
  • chlorotic - adj. of or pertaining to or suffering from chlorosis
  • chocolate - noun a medium brown to dark-brown color; a food made from roasted ground cacao beans; a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • choice - adj. of superior grade; appealing to refined taste; noun the act of choosing or selecting; the person or thing chosen or selected; one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  • choke - noun a valve that controls the flow of air into the carburetor of a gasoline engine; a coil of low resistance and high inductance used in electrical circuits to pass direct current and attenuate alternating current; verb breathe with great difficulty, as when experiencing a strong emotion; constrict (someone's) throat and keep from breathing; reduce the air supply; be too tight; rub or press; wring the neck of; check or slow down the action or effect of; fail to perform adequately due to tension or agitation; cause to retch or choke; struggle for breath; have insufficient oxygen intake; pass from physical life and lose all bodily attributes and functions necessary to sustain life; suppress the development, creativity, or imagination of; become stultified, suppressed, or stifled; impair the respiration of or obstruct the air passage of; become or cause to become obstructed
  • choked - adj. stopped up; clogged up
  • choking - noun the act of suffocating (someone) by constricting the windpipe; a condition caused by blocking the airways to the lungs (as with food or swelling of the larynx)
  • cholecystectomy - noun surgical removal of the gall bladder (usually for relief of gallstone pain)
  • cholera - noun an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  • choleraic - adj. relating to or resulting from or resembling cholera
  • cholesterin - noun an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
  • chondrin - noun a substance that resembles gelatin and is obtained by boiling cartilage in water
  • chondroma - noun a common benign tumor of cartilage cells
  • choose - verb pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives; select as an alternative; choose instead; prefer as an alternative; see fit or proper to act in a certain way; decide to act in a certain way
  • chop - noun a grounder that bounces high in the air; a tennis return made with a downward motion that puts backspin on the ball; a jaw; a small cut of meat including part of a rib; the irregular motion of waves (usually caused by wind blowing in a direction opposite to the tide); verb hit sharply; cut with a hacking tool; cut into pieces; strike sharply, as in some sports; move suddenly
  • choral - adj. related to or written for or performed by a chorus or choir; noun a stately Protestant (especially Lutheran) hymn tune
  • chorea - noun any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs; chorea in dogs
  • chorion - noun outermost membranous sac enclosing the embryo in higher vertebrates (reptiles, birds and mammals)
  • choroid - noun a highly vascular membrane in the eye between the retina and the sclera
  • chosen - adj. preferred above all others; noun an exclusive group of people; the name for Korea as a Japanese province (1910-1945); one who is the object of choice; who is given preference
  • christian - adj. following the teachings or manifesting the qualities or spirit of Jesus Christ; relating to or characteristic of Christianity; noun a religious person who believes Jesus is the Christ and who is a member of a Christian denomination
  • christiania - noun the capital and largest city of Norway; the country's main port; located at the head of a fjord on Norway's southern coast
  • chromate - noun any salt or ester of chromic acid
  • chromatic - adj. being or having or characterized by hue; based on a scale consisting of 12 semitones; able to refract light without spectral color separation
  • chromatin - noun the readily stainable substance of a cell nucleus consisting of DNA and RNA and various proteins; during mitotic division it condenses into chromosomes
  • chromium - noun a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • chronic - adj. being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • chronically - adv. in a slowly developing and long lasting manner; in a habitual and longstanding manner
  • chrysarobin - noun a bitter yellow powder used to treat skin diseases
  • church - noun a place for public (especially Christian) worship; one of the groups of Christians who have their own beliefs and forms of worship; the body of people who attend or belong to a particular local church; a service conducted in a house of worship; verb perform a special church rite or service for
  • churning - adj. (of a liquid) agitated vigorously; in a state of turbulence; moving with or producing or produced by vigorous agitation
  • chyle - noun a milky fluid consisting of lymph and emulsified fats; formed in the small intestine during digestion of ingested fats
  • chylous - adj. consisting of chyle or having the properties of chyle
  • ci - noun a unit of radioactivity equal to the amount of a radioactive isotope that decays at the rate of 37,000,000,000 disintegrations per second
  • cicatrix - noun a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue
  • cider - noun a beverage made from juice pressed from apples
  • cigar - noun a roll of tobacco for smoking
  • cigaret - noun finely ground tobacco wrapped in paper; for smoking
  • cigarette - noun finely ground tobacco wrapped in paper; for smoking
  • ciliary - adj. of or relating to the human eyelash; of or relating to cilia projecting from the surface of a cell; relating to the ciliary body and associated structures of the eye
  • ciliated - adj. having a margin or fringe of hairlike projections
  • cimicifuga - noun small genus of perennial herbs of north temperate regions: bugbane
  • cinchona - noun any of several trees of the genus Cinchona; medicinal bark of cinchona trees; source of quinine and quinidine
  • cincinnati - noun a city in southern Ohio on the Ohio river
  • cingulum - noun (anatomy) an encircling structure (as the ridge around the base of a tooth)
  • cinnabar - adj. of a vivid red to reddish-orange color; noun large red-and-black European moth; larvae feed on leaves of ragwort; introduced into United States to control ragwort; a heavy reddish mineral consisting of mercuric sulfide; the chief source of mercury
  • cinnamomum - noun Asiatic and Australian aromatic trees and shrubs
  • cinnamon - noun spice from the dried aromatic bark of the Ceylon cinnamon tree; used as rolled strips or ground; tropical Asian tree with aromatic yellowish-brown bark; source of the spice cinnamon; aromatic bark used as a spice
  • circle - noun any circular or rotating mechanism; a curved section or tier of seats in a hall or theater or opera house; usually the first tier above the orchestra; ellipse in which the two axes are of equal length; a plane curve generated by one point moving at a constant distance from a fixed point; something approximating the shape of a circle; movement once around a course; street names for flunitrazepan; a road junction at which traffic streams circularly around a central island; an unofficial association of people or groups; verb travel around something; move in circles; form a circle around; be around
  • circlet - noun decorated metal band worn around the head; a small circle
  • circuit - noun an electrical device that provides a path for electrical current to flow; (law) a judicial division of a state or the United States (so-called because originally judges traveled and held court in different locations); one of the twelve groups of states in the United States that is covered by a particular circuit court of appeals; an established itinerary of venues or events that a particular group of people travel to; movement once around a course; a journey or route all the way around a particular place or area; a racetrack for automobile races; verb make a circuit
  • circular - adj. marked by or moving in a circle; having a circular shape; shaped like a ring; noun an advertisement (usually printed on a page or in a leaflet) intended for wide distribution
  • circulate - verb cause to become widely known; move around freely; move through a space, circuit or system, returning to the starting point; cause to move in a circuit or system; cause to be distributed; cause to move around; become widely known and passed on; move in circles
  • circulation - noun the spread or transmission of something (as news or money) to a wider group or area; the dissemination of copies of periodicals (as newspapers or magazines); free movement or passage through a series of vessels (as of water through pipes or sap through a plant); movement through a circuit; especially the movement of blood through the heart and blood vessels; number of copies of a newspaper or magazine that are sold; (library science) the count of books that are loaned by a library over a specified period
  • circulatory - adj. relating to circulatory system or to circulation of the blood; of or relating to circulation
  • circumcision - noun the act of circumcising; surgical removal of the foreskin of males; the act of circumcising performed on males eight days after birth as a Jewish and Muslim religious rite; (Roman Catholic Church and Anglican Church) feast day celebrating the circumcision of Jesus; celebrated on January 1st
  • circumference - noun the size of something as given by the distance around it; the length of the closed curve of a circle; the boundary line encompassing an area or object
  • circumflex - noun a diacritical mark (^) placed above a vowel in some languages to indicate a special phonetic quality
  • circumscribed - adj. showing or determining a boundary; subject to limits or subjected to limits
  • circumstance - noun information that should be kept in mind when making a decision; formal ceremony about important occasions; a condition that accompanies or influences some event or activity; the set of facts or circumstances that surround a situation or event
  • circumstances - noun a person's financial situation (good or bad); the state (usually personal) with regard to wealth; your overall circumstances or condition in life (including everything that happens to you)
  • cirrhosis - noun a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism
  • cither - noun a 16th century musical instrument resembling a guitar with a pear-shaped soundbox and wire strings; a musical stringed instrument with strings stretch over a flat sounding box; it is laid flat and played with a plectrum and with fingers
  • citizen - noun a native or naturalized member of a state or other political community
  • citrate - noun a salt or ester of citric acid; verb cause to form a salt or ester of citric acid
  • citric - adj. of or related to citric acid
  • citrine - noun semiprecious yellow quartz resembling topaz
  • citron - noun large lemonlike fruit with thick aromatic rind; usually preserved; thorny evergreen small tree or shrub of India widely cultivated for its large lemonlike fruits that have thick warty rind
  • citrullus - noun a dicot genus of the family Cucurbitaceae including watermelons
  • citrus - noun any of numerous fruits of the genus Citrus having thick rind and juicy pulp; grown in warm regions; any of numerous tropical usually thorny evergreen trees of the genus Citrus having leathery evergreen leaves and widely cultivated for their juicy edible fruits having leathery aromatic rinds
  • city - noun people living in a large densely populated municipality; a large and densely populated urban area; may include several independent administrative districts; an incorporated administrative district established by state charter
  • civet - noun catlike mammal typically secreting musk used in perfumes
  • civil - adj. of or in a condition of social order; not rude; marked by satisfactory (or especially minimal) adherence to social usages and sufficient but not noteworthy consideration for others; (of divisions of time) legally recognized in ordinary affairs of life; applying to ordinary citizens; of or relating to or befitting citizens as individuals; of or occurring within the state or between or among citizens of the state
  • civilization - noun a society in an advanced state of social development (e.g., with complex legal and political and religious organizations); the social process whereby societies achieve civilization; the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste; a particular society at a particular time and place
  • civilized - adj. having a high state of culture and development both social and technological; marked by refinement in taste and manners
  • clad - adj. having an outer covering especially of thin metal; wearing or provided with clothing; sometimes used in combination
  • claim - noun demand for something as rightful or due; an informal right to something; an assertion of a right (as to money or property); an assertion that something is true or factual; an established or recognized right; a demand especially in the phrase "the call of duty"; verb take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs; assert or affirm strongly; state to be true or existing; lay claim to; as of an idea; ask for legally or make a legal claim to, as of debts, for example; demand as being one's due or property; assert one's right or title to
  • clam - noun burrowing marine mollusk living on sand or mud; the shell closes with viselike firmness; flesh of either hard-shell or soft-shell clams; a piece of paper money worth one dollar; verb gather clams, by digging in the sand by the ocean
  • clammy - adj. unpleasantly cool and humid
  • clamp - noun a device (generally used by carpenters) that holds things firmly together; verb impose or inflict forcefully; fasten or fix with a clamp
  • clams - noun informal terms for money
  • clap - noun a sudden very loud noise; a sharp abrupt noise as if two objects hit together; may be repeated; a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful urination and pain around the urethra; verb clap one's hands together; strike together so as to produce a sharp percussive noise; strike with the flat of the hand; usually in a friendly way, as in encouragement or greeting; put quickly or forcibly; strike the air in flight; cause to strike the air in flight; clap one's hands or shout after performances to indicate approval
  • clapping - noun a demonstration of approval by clapping the hands together
  • claret - noun a dark purplish-red color; dry red Bordeaux or Bordeaux-like wine; verb drink claret
  • clarification - noun an interpretation that removes obstacles to understanding; the act of removing solid particles from a liquid
  • clarified - adj. free from unwanted solid matter
  • clarify - verb make clear by removing impurities or solids, as by heating; make clear and (more) comprehensible
  • clark - noun Canadian politician who served as prime minister (1939-); United States psychologist (born in Panama) whose research persuaded the Supreme Court that segregated schools were discriminatory (1914-); United States general who was Allied commander in Africa and Italy in World War II and was commander of the United Nations forces in Korea (1896-1984); United States explorer who (with Meriwether Lewis) led an expedition from St. Louis to the mouth of the Columbia River; Clark was responsible for making maps of the area (1770-1838)
  • clasp - noun the act of grasping; a fastener (as a buckle or hook) that is used to hold two things together; verb hold firmly and tightly; grasp firmly; fasten with a buckle or buckles; fasten with or as if with a brooch
  • clasp knife - noun a large knife with one or more folding blades
  • class - noun elegance in dress or behavior; people having the same social or economic status; a collection of things sharing a common attribute; (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders; a body of students who are taught together; a body of students who graduate together; a league ranked by quality; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings; verb arrange or order by classes or categories
  • classic - adj. characteristic of the classical artistic and literary traditions; adhering to established standards and principles; noun a creation of the highest excellence; an artist who has created classic works
  • classical - adj. of or characteristic of a form or system felt to be of first significance before modern times; of recognized authority or excellence; noun traditional genre of music conforming to an established form and appealing to critical interest and developed musical taste
  • classification - noun restriction imposed by the government on documents or weapons that are available only to certain authorized people; the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories; a group of people or things arranged by class or category; the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
  • classified - adj. arranged into classes; official classification of information or documents; withheld from general circulation; noun a short ad in a newspaper or magazine (usually in small print) and appearing along with other ads of the same type
  • classify - verb arrange or order by classes or categories; declare unavailable, as for security reasons; assign to a class or kind
  • claudication - noun disability of walking due to crippling of the legs or feet
  • claviceps - noun fungi parasitic upon the ovaries of various grasses
  • clavicle - noun bone linking the scapula and sternum
  • clavus - noun a hard thickening of the skin (especially on the top or sides of the toes) caused by the pressure of ill-fitting shoes
  • claw - noun a bird's foot; sharp curved horny process on the toe of a bird or some mammals or reptiles; a grasping structure on the limb of a crustacean or other arthropods; a mechanical device that is curved or bent to suspend or hold or pull something; verb attack as if with claws; clutch as if in panic; scratch, scrape, pull, or dig with claws or nails; move as if by clawing, seizing, or digging
  • clay - noun United States politician responsible for the Missouri Compromise between free and slave states (1777-1852); United States general who commanded United States forces in Europe from 1945 to 1949 and who oversaw the Berlin airlift (1897-1978); a very fine-grained soil that is plastic when moist but hard when fired; the dead body of a human being; water soaked soil; soft wet earth
  • clean - adj. free of drugs; free from clumsiness; precisely or deftly executed; not carrying concealed weapons; (of a record) having no marks of discredit or offense; free from dirt or impurities; or having clean habits; (of behavior or especially language) free from objectionable elements; fit for all observers; not spreading pollution or contamination; especially radioactive contamination; ritually clean or pure; thorough and without qualification; exhibiting or calling for sportsmanship or fair play; (of a manuscript) having few alterations or corrections; morally pure; without difficulties or problems; free from impurities; (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims; free of restrictions or qualifications; (of a surface) not written or printed on; free from sepsis or infection; adv. completely; used as intensifiers; in conformity with the rules or laws and without fraud or cheating; noun a weightlift in which the barbell is lifted to shoulder height and then jerked overhead; verb remove unwanted substances from, such as feathers or pits; remove shells or husks from; remove while making clean; make clean by removing dirt, filth, or unwanted substances from; remove all contents or possession from, or empty completely; deprive wholly of money in a gambling game, robbery, etc.; be cleanable; clean one's body or parts thereof, as by washing; remove unwanted substances from; clean and tidy up the house
  • clean-cut - adj. neat and smart in appearance; clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible
  • cleaning - noun the act of making something clean
  • cleanliness - noun diligence in keeping clean; the habit of keeping free of superficial imperfections
  • cleanly - adj. habitually clean; adv. without difficulty or distortion; in a manner that minimizes dirt and pollution; in an adroit manner
  • cleanse - verb clean one's body or parts thereof, as by washing; purge of an ideology, bad thoughts, or sins
  • cleansing - adj. acting like an antiseptic; cleansing the body by washing; especially ritual washing of e.g. hands; noun the act of making something clean
  • clear - adj. of complexion; without such blemishes as e.g. acne; clear to the mind; free from cloudiness; allowing light to pass through; free from confusion or doubt; free from clouds or mist or haze; characterized by ease and quickness in perceiving; clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible; (especially of a title) free from any encumbrance or limitation that presents a question of fact or law; free from contact or proximity or connection; easily deciphered; clear of charges or deductions; affording free passage or view; free from flaw or blemish or impurity; characterized by freedom from troubling thoughts (especially guilt); accurately stated or described; freed from any question of guilt; (of sound or color) free from anything that dulls or dims; free of restrictions or qualifications; adv. completely; in an easily perceptible manner; noun the state of being free of suspicion; a clear or unobstructed space or expanse of land or water; verb free (the throat) by making a rasping sound; remove; make a way or path by removing objects; remove the occupants of; remove (people) from a building; rid of instructions or data; make clear, bright, light, or translucent; make free from confusion or ambiguity; make clear; settle, as of a debt; pass an inspection or receive authorization; pass by, over, or under without making contact; go away or disappear; sell; be debited and credited to the proper bank accounts; clear from impurities, blemishes, pollution, etc.; free from payment of customs duties, as of a shipment; rid of obstructions; grant authorization or clearance for; pronounce not guilty of criminal charges; earn on some commercial or business transaction; earn as salary or wages; make as a net profit; yield as a net profit; go unchallenged; be approved; become clear
  • clear-cut - adj. clearly or sharply defined to the mind; having had all the trees removed at one time; clear and distinct to the senses; easily perceptible; verb remove all the trees at one time
  • cleared - adj. rid of objects or obstructions such as e.g. trees and brush; freed from any question of guilt
  • clearing - noun the act of removing solid particles from a liquid; the act of freeing from suspicion; a tract of land with few or no trees in the middle of a wooded area
  • clearly - adv. without doubt or question; in an easily perceptible manner; clear to the mind; with distinct mental discernment; in an intelligible manner
  • clearness - noun the quality of clear water; free from obscurity and easy to understand; the comprehensibility of clear expression
  • cleavage - noun the act of cleaving or splitting; the line formed by a groove between two parts (especially the separation between a woman's breasts); (embryology) the repeated division of a fertilised ovum; the breaking of a chemical bond in a molecule resulting in smaller molecules; the state of being split or cleft
  • cleft - adj. having one or more incisions reaching nearly to the midrib; used of hooves; noun a split or indentation in something (as the palate or chin); a long narrow opening
  • clemens - noun United States writer and humorist best known for his novels about Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn (1835-1910)
  • clenched - adj. closed or squeezed together tightly
  • cleveland - noun the largest city in Ohio; located in northeastern Ohio on Lake Erie; a major Great Lakes port; 22nd and 24th President of the United States (1837-1908)
  • clever - adj. showing inventiveness and skill; skillful (or showing skill) in adapting means to ends; showing self-interest and shrewdness in dealing with others; mentally quick and resourceful
  • cli - noun a user interface in which you type commands instead of choosing them from a menu or selecting an icon
  • click - noun depression of a button on a computer mouse; a hinged catch that fits into a notch of a ratchet to move a wheel forward or prevent it from moving backward; a stop consonant made by the suction of air into the mouth (as in Bantu); a short light metallic sound; verb become clear or enter one's consciousness or emotions; produce a click; make a clicking or ticking sound; make a clucking sounds, characteristic of hens; cause to make a snapping sound; move or strike with a noise; click repeatedly or uncontrollably
  • climacteric - noun a period in a man's life corresponding to menopause; the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
  • climate - noun the weather in some location averaged over some long period of time; the prevailing psychological state
  • climatic - adj. of or relating to a climate
  • climatology - noun meteorology of climates and their phenomena
  • climax - noun the decisive moment in a novel or play; arrangement of clauses in ascending order of forcefulness; the highest point of anything conceived of as growing or developing or unfolding; the most severe stage of a disease; the moment of most intense pleasure in sexual intercourse; verb end, especially to reach a final or climactic stage
  • climbing - noun an event that involves rising to a higher point (as in altitude or temperature or intensity etc.)
  • cling - noun fruit (especially peach) whose flesh adheres strongly to the pit; verb hold on tightly or tenaciously; come or be in close contact with; stick or hold together and resist separation; to remain emotionally or intellectually attached
  • clinic - noun a healthcare facility for outpatient care; meeting for diagnosis of problems and instruction or remedial work in a particular activity; a medical establishment run by a group of medical specialists
  • clinical - adj. scientifically detached; unemotional; relating to a clinic or conducted in or as if in a clinic and depending on direct observation of patients
  • clinician - noun a practitioner (of medicine or psychology) who does clinical work instead of laboratory experiments
  • clip - noun a sharp slanting blow; the act of clipping or snipping; any of various small fasteners used to hold loose articles together; an article of jewelry that can be clipped onto a hat or dress; a metal frame or container holding cartridges; can be inserted into an automatic gun; an instance or single occasion for some event; verb terminate or abbreviate before its intended or proper end or its full extent; attach with a clip; cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth of; sever or remove by pinching or snipping; run at a moderately swift pace
  • clipped - adj. (of speech) having quick short sounds; cut or trimmed by clipping
  • clitoris - noun a female sexual organ homologous to the penis
  • cloaca - noun a waste pipe that carries away sewage or surface water
  • clock - noun a timepiece that shows the time of day; verb measure the time or duration of an event or action or the person who performs an action in a certain period of time
  • clockwork - noun any mechanism of geared wheels that is driven by a coiled spring; resembles the works of a mechanical clock
  • clog - noun any object that acts as a hindrance or obstruction; footwear usually with wooden soles; a dance performed while wearing shoes with wooden soles; has heavy stamping steps; verb fill to excess so that function is impaired; coalesce or unite in a mass; impede with a clog or as if with a clog; impede the motion of, as with a chain or a burden; become or cause to become obstructed; dance a clog dance
  • clogged - adj. loaded with something that hinders motion; thickened or coalesced in soft thick lumps (such as clogs or clots); stopped up; clogged up
  • clonic - adj. of or relating to abnormal neuromuscular activity characterized by rapidly alternating muscle contraction and relaxation
  • clonus - noun convulsion characterized by alternating contractions and relaxations
  • close - adj. marked by fidelity to an original; rigorously attentive; strict and thorough; at or within a short distance in space or time or having elements near each other; close in relevance or relationship; inclined to secrecy or reticence about divulging information; crowded; (of a contest or contestants) evenly matched; used of hair or haircuts; fitting closely but comfortably; confined to specific persons; strictly confined or guarded; of textiles; not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances; giving or spending with reluctance; lacking fresh air; adv. in an attentive manner; near in time or place or relationship; noun the concluding part of any performance; the last section of a communication; the temporal end; the concluding time; verb finish a game in baseball by protecting a lead; complete a business deal, negotiation, or an agreement; move so that an opening or passage is obstructed; make shut; become closed; fill or stop up; bar access to; bring together all the elements or parts of; draw near; come together, as if in an embrace; change one's body stance so that the forward shoulder and foot are closer to the intended point of impact; cause a window or an application to disappear on a computer desktop; engage at close quarters; finish or terminate (meetings, speeches, etc.); be priced or listed when trading stops; unite or bring into contact or bring together the edges of; cease to operate or cause to cease operating; come to a close
  • closed - adj. not open or affording passage or access; used especially of mouth or eyes; blocked against entry; (set theory) of an interval that contains both its endpoints; not having an open mind; not open to the general public; with shutters closed; requiring union membership; not open
  • closely - adv. in a close relation or position in time or space; in a close manner; in an attentive manner
  • closer - adv. (comparative of `near' or `close') within a shorter distance; noun (baseball) a relief pitcher who can protect a lead in the last inning or two of the game; a person who closes something
  • closest - adv. (superlative of `near' or `close') within the shortest distance
  • closet - noun a small private room for study or prayer; a small room (or recess) or cabinet used for storage space; a tall piece of furniture that provides storage space for clothes; has a door and rails or hooks for hanging clothes; a toilet in England; verb confine to a small space, as for intensive work
  • closing - adj. final or ending; noun approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap; a concluding action; termination of operations; the act of closing something; the last section of a communication
  • closure - noun termination of operations; a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive incomplete objects as complete and to close or fill gaps and to perceive asymmetric stimuli as symmetric; a rule for limiting or ending debate in a deliberative body; approaching a particular destination; a coming closer; a narrowing of a gap; the act of blocking; an obstruction in a pipe or tube; something settled or resolved; the outcome of decision making; verb terminate debate by calling for a vote
  • clot - noun a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid; verb change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state; cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state; coalesce or unite in a mass; turn into curds
  • cloth - noun artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
  • clothed - adj. wearing or provided with clothing; sometimes used in combination; covered with or as if with clothes or a wrap or cloak
  • clothing - noun a covering designed to be worn on a person's body
  • clotted - adj. thickened or coalesced in soft thick lumps (such as clogs or clots)
  • clotting - noun the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • cloud - noun a visible mass of water or ice particles suspended at a considerable altitude; any collection of particles (e.g., smoke or dust) or gases that is visible; out of touch with reality; suspicion affecting your reputation; a cause of worry or gloom or trouble; a group of many insects; verb make milky or dull; make gloomy or depressed; billow up in the form of a cloud; colour with streaks or blotches of different shades; place under suspicion or cast doubt upon; make less visible or unclear; make overcast or cloudy
  • clouded - adj. mentally disordered; made troubled or apprehensive or distressed in appearance; unclear in form or expression; filled or abounding with clouds
  • cloudiness - noun the quality of being cloudy; gloomy semidarkness caused by cloud cover; the state of the sky when it is covered by clouds
  • clouding - noun the process whereby water particles become visible in the sky
  • cloudy - adj. (of especially liquids) clouded as with sediment; full of or covered with clouds; lacking definite form or limits
  • clove hitch - noun a knot used to fasten a line temporarily to a post or spar
  • clover - noun a plant of the genus Trifolium
  • club - noun stout stick that is larger at one end; a playing card in the minor suit that has one or more black trefoils on it; a formal association of people with similar interests; a spot that is open late at night and that provides entertainment (as singers or dancers) as well as dancing and food and drink; a building that is occupied by a social club; golf equipment used by a golfer to hit a golf ball; a team of professional baseball players who play and travel together; verb strike with a club or a bludgeon; gather and spend time together; unite with a common purpose
  • club-shaped - adj. shaped in the form of a club that is larger at one end; shaped in the form of the club on playing cards
  • clubbing - noun a condition in which the ends of toes and fingers become wide and thick; a symptom of heart or lung disease
  • clue - noun evidence that helps to solve a problem; a slight indication; verb roll into a ball
  • clump - noun a heavy dull sound (as made by impact of heavy objects); a grouping of a number of similar things; a compact mass; verb walk clumsily; gather or cause to gather into a cluster; come together as in a cluster or flock; make or move along with a sound as of a horse's hooves striking the ground
  • clumping - noun the sound of a horse's hoofs hitting on a hard surface
  • clumsiness - noun the inelegance of someone stiff and unrelaxed (as by embarrassment); the carriage of someone whose movements and posture are ungainly or inelegant; unskillfulness resulting from a lack of training
  • clumsy - adj. not elegant or graceful in expression; lacking grace in movement or posture; showing lack of skill or aptitude; difficult to handle or manage especially because of shape
  • clyster - noun injection of a liquid through the anus to stimulate evacuation; sometimes used for diagnostic purposes
  • cm - noun a metric unit of length equal to one hundredth of a meter; a radioactive transuranic metallic element; produced by bombarding plutonium with helium nuclei
  • co - noun a state in west central United States in the Rocky Mountains; one who refuses to serve in the armed forces on grounds of conscience; a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition; an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon
  • coagulable - adj. capable of coagulating and becoming thick
  • coagulant - noun an agent that produces coagulation
  • coagulate - adj. transformed from a liquid into a soft semisolid or solid mass; verb change from a liquid to a thickened or solid state; cause to change from a liquid to a solid or thickened state
  • coagulated - adj. changed into a solid mass; transformed from a liquid into a soft semisolid or solid mass
  • coagulation - noun the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • coagulum - noun a lump of material formed from the content of a liquid
  • coal - noun fossil fuel consisting of carbonized vegetable matter deposited in the Carboniferous period; a hot fragment of wood or coal that is left from a fire and is glowing or smoldering; verb take in coal; supply with coal; burn to charcoal
  • coal gas - noun gaseous mixture produced by distillation of bituminous coal and used for heating and lighting
  • coal tar - noun a tar formed from distillation of bituminous coal; coal tar can be further distilled to give various aromatic compounds
  • coalesce - verb fuse or cause to grow together; mix together different elements
  • coalesced - adj. joined together into a whole
  • coalescence - noun the union of diverse things into one body or form or group; the growing together of parts
  • coarse - adj. conspicuously and tastelessly indecent; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste; of textures that are rough to the touch or substances consisting of relatively large particles; of low or inferior quality or value
  • coast - noun the area within view; a slope down which sleds may coast; the act of moving smoothly along a surface while remaining in contact with it; the shore of a sea or ocean; verb move effortlessly; by force of gravity
  • coastal - adj. located on or near or bordering on a coast; of or relating to a coast
  • coat - noun growth of hair or wool or fur covering the body of an animal; an outer garment that has sleeves and covers the body from shoulder down; worn outdoors; a thin layer covering something; verb cover or provide with a coat; form a coat over; put a coat on; cover the surface of; furnish with a surface
  • coated - adj. having or dressed in a coat; having a coating; covered with an outer layer or film; often used in combination
  • coating - noun a thin layer covering something; a heavy fabric suitable for coats; a decorative texture or appearance of a surface (or the substance that gives it that appearance); the work of applying something
  • cobalt - noun a hard ferromagnetic silver-white bivalent or trivalent metallic element; a trace element in plant and animal nutrition
  • cobra - noun venomous Asiatic and African elapid snakes that can expand the skin of the neck into a hood
  • coca - noun dried leaves of the coca plant (and related plants that also contain cocaine); chewed by Andean people for their simulating effect; United States comedienne who starred in early television shows with Sid Caesar (1908-2001); a South American shrub whose leaves are chewed by natives of the Andes; a source of cocaine
  • cocain - noun a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • cocaine - noun a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • cocci - noun any spherical or nearly spherical bacteria
  • coccidia - noun an order in the subclass Telosporidia
  • coccidium - noun parasitic on the digestive epithelium of vertebrates and higher invertebrates
  • cocculus - noun climbing plants or shrubs
  • coccus - noun any spherical or nearly spherical bacteria
  • coccygeal - adj. of or relating to or near the coccyx
  • coccyx - noun the end of the vertebral column in humans and tailless apes
  • cochin - noun Asian breed of large fowl with dense plumage and feathered legs
  • cochineal - noun a red dyestuff consisting of dried bodies of female cochineal insects; Mexican red scale insect that feeds on cacti; the source of a red dye
  • cochlea - noun the snail-shaped tube (in the inner ear coiled around the modiolus) where sound vibrations are converted into nerve impulses by the organ of Corti
  • cochlear - adj. of or relating to the cochlea of the ear
  • cock - noun adult male bird; adult male chicken; obscene terms for penis; the part of a gunlock that strikes the percussion cap when the trigger is pulled; faucet consisting of a rotating device for regulating flow of a liquid; verb set the trigger of a firearm back for firing; tilt or slant to one side; to walk with a lofty proud gait, often in an attempt to impress others
  • cockscomb - noun a cap worn by court jesters; adorned with a strip of red; garden annual with featherlike spikes of red or yellow flowers; the fleshy red crest on the head of the domestic fowl and other gallinaceous birds; a conceited dandy who is overly impressed by his own accomplishments
  • coco - noun tall palm tree bearing coconuts as fruits; widely planted throughout the tropics
  • cocoa - noun powder of ground roasted cacao beans with most of the fat removed; a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • cocoa butter - noun the vegetable fat from the cacao that is extracted from chocolate liquor; the basis for white chocolate; a yellow-white fat from cocoa beans
  • cod - adj. payable by the recipient on delivery; adv. collecting the charges upon delivery; noun major food fish of arctic and cold-temperate waters; lean white flesh of important North Atlantic food fish; usually baked or poached; the vessel that contains the seeds of a plant (not the seeds themselves); verb harass with persistent criticism or carping; fool or hoax
  • codeine - noun derivative of opium; used as an antitussive (to relieve coughing) and an analgesic (to relive pain)
  • codfish - noun major food fish of arctic and cold-temperate waters; lean white flesh of important North Atlantic food fish; usually baked or poached
  • coefficient - noun a constant number that serves as a measure of some property or characteristic
  • coexist - verb exist together; coexist peacefully, as of nations
  • coffee - noun a beverage consisting of an infusion of ground coffee beans; any of several small trees and shrubs native to the tropical Old World yielding coffee beans; a medium brown to dark-brown color; a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • coffin - noun box in which a corpse is buried or cremated; verb place into a coffin
  • cognate - adj. having the same ancestral language; related by blood; related in nature; noun a word is cognate with another if both derive from the same word in an ancestral language; one related by blood or origin; especially on sharing an ancestor with another
  • cognizance - noun range or scope of what is perceived; range of what one can know or understand; having knowledge of
  • cohabitation - noun the act of living together and having a sexual relationship (especially without being married)
  • coherence - noun logical and orderly and consistent relation of parts; the state of cohering or sticking together
  • cohosh - noun a plant of the genus Actaea having acrid poisonous berries
  • coil - noun a structure consisting of something wound in a continuous series of loops; reactor consisting of a spiral of insulated wire that introduces inductance into a circuit; tubing that is wound in a spiral; a contraceptive device placed inside a woman's womb; a transformer that supplies high voltage to spark plugs in a gasoline engine; a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles (as formed by leaves or flower petals); verb wind around something in coils or loops; make without a potter's wheel; to wind or move in a spiral course
  • coiled - adj. curled or wound (especially in concentric rings or spirals)
  • coiling - adj. in the shape of a coil
  • coin - noun a metal piece (usually a disc) used as money; verb make up; form by stamping, punching, or printing
  • coincide - verb be the same; go with, fall together; happen simultaneously
  • coincidence - noun the quality of occupying the same position or area in space; an event that might have been arranged although it was really accidental; the temporal property of two things happening at the same time
  • coincident - adj. matching point for point; occurring or operating at the same time
  • coinciding - adj. matching point for point; occurring or operating at the same time
  • coition - noun the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
  • coitus - noun the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
  • coke - noun street names for cocaine; carbon fuel produced by distillation of coal; Coca Cola is a trademarked cola; verb become coke
  • col - noun a pass between mountain peaks
  • cola - noun carbonated drink flavored with extract from Kola nuts (`dope' is a southernism in the United States); large genus of African trees bearing kola nuts
  • colander - noun bowl-shaped strainer; used to wash or drain foods
  • colchicum - noun chiefly fall-blooming perennial cormous herbs; sometimes placed in family Colchicaceae
  • cold - adj. lacking the warmth of life; of a seeker; far from the object sought; unconscious from a blow or shock or intoxication; feeling or showing no enthusiasm; having lost freshness through passage of time; used of physical coldness; having a low or inadequate temperature or feeling a sensation of coldness or having been made cold by e.g. ice or refrigeration; extended meanings; especially of psychological coldness; without human warmth or emotion; without compunction or human feeling; sexually unresponsive; so intense as to be almost uncontrollable; no longer new; uninteresting; marked by errorless familiarity; (color) giving no sensation of warmth; noun the sensation produced by low temperatures; a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs); the absence of heat
  • cold storage - noun refrigerated storage for preservation; in a state of abeyance or postponement
  • cold water - noun disparagement of a plan or hope or expectation
  • coldness - noun a lack of affection or enthusiasm; the absence of heat; the sensation produced by low temperatures
  • cole - noun coarse curly-leafed cabbage; a hardy cabbage with coarse curly leaves that do not form a head
  • colic - noun acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
  • colicky - adj. suffering from excessive gas in the alimentary canal
  • colitis - noun inflammation of the colon
  • collaboration - noun act of working jointly; act of cooperating traitorously with an enemy that is occupying your country
  • collapse - noun a mishap caused by something suddenly falling down or caving in; an abrupt failure of function or health; the act of throwing yourself down; a sudden large decline of business or the prices of stocks (especially one that causes additional failures); verb lose significance, effectiveness, or value; break down, literally or metaphorically; cause to burst; fold or close up; collapse due to fatigue, an illness, or a sudden attack; suffer a nervous breakdown; fall apart
  • collapsible - adj. capable of collapsing or being collapsed
  • collar - noun a figurative restraint; a band that fits around the neck and is usually folded over; a band of leather or rope that is placed around an animal's neck as a harness or to identify it; the stitching that forms the rim of a shoe or boot; the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal); necklace that fits tightly around a woman's neck; verb take into custody; furnish with a collar; seize by the neck or collar
  • collateral - adj. descended from a common ancestor but through different lines; situated or running side by side; accompany, concomitant; serving to support or corroborate; noun a security pledged for the repayment of a loan
  • colleague - noun a person who is member of your class or profession; an associate you work with
  • collect - adj. payable by the recipient on delivery; adv. make a telephone call or mail a package so that the recipient pays; noun a short prayer generally preceding the lesson in the Church of Rome or the Church of England; verb get or bring together; call for and obtain payment of; gather or collect; assemble or get together; get or gather together
  • collected - adj. in full control of your faculties; brought together in one place; brought together into a group or crowd
  • collecting - noun the act of gathering something together
  • collection - noun the act of gathering something together; a publication containing a variety of works; several things grouped together or considered as a whole; request for a sum of money
  • collector - noun the electrode in a transistor through which a primary flow of carriers leaves the region between the electrodes; a crater that has collected cosmic material hitting the earth; a person who is employed to collect payments (as for rent or taxes); a person who collects things
  • college - noun a complex of buildings in which an institution of higher education is housed; British slang for prison; the body of faculty and students of a college; an institution of higher education created to educate and grant degrees; often a part of a university
  • collins - noun tall iced drink of liquor (usually gin) with fruit juice; English writer noted for early detective novels (1824-1889)
  • collision - noun a conflict of opposed ideas or attitudes or goals; an accident resulting from violent impact of a moving object; (physics) an brief event in which two or more bodies come together
  • collodion - noun a colorless syrupy solution of pyroxylin in ether and alcohol; used as a coating for wounds or photographic films
  • colloid - noun a mixture with properties between those of a solution and fine suspension
  • colloidal - adj. of or relating to or having the properties of a colloid
  • collyrium - noun lotion consisting of a solution used as a cleanser for the eyes
  • cologne - noun a perfumed liquid made of essential oils and alcohol; a commercial center and river port in western Germany on the Rhine River; flourished during the 15th century as a member of the Hanseatic League
  • colon - noun the part of the large intestine between the cecum and the rectum; it extracts moisture from food residues before they are excreted; a punctuation mark (:) used after a word introducing a series or an example or an explanation (or after the salutation of a business letter); a port city at the Caribbean entrance to the Panama Canal; the basic unit of money in Costa Rica; equal to 100 centimos; the basic unit of money in El Salvador; equal to 100 centavos
  • colonel - noun a commissioned military officer in the United States Army or Air Force or Marines who ranks above a lieutenant colonel and below a brigadier general
  • colonic - adj. of or relating to the colon; noun a water enema given to flush out the colon
  • colonization - noun the act of colonizing; the establishment of colonies
  • colony - noun a group of animals of the same type living together; (microbiology) a group of organisms grown from a single parent cell; a body of people who settle far from home but maintain ties with their homeland; inhabitants remain nationals of their home state but are not literally under the home state's system of government; a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country; one of the 13 British colonies that formed the original states of the United States
  • color - adj. having or capable of producing colors; noun the appearance of objects (or light sources) described in terms of a person's perception of their hue and lightness (or brightness) and saturation; a visual attribute of things that results from the light they emit or transmit or reflect; the timbre of a musical sound; interest and variety and intensity; (physics) the characteristic of quarks that determines their role in the strong interaction; each flavor of quarks comes in three colors; a race with skin pigmentation different from the white race (especially Blacks); an outward or token appearance or form that is deliberately misleading; any material used for its color; verb add color to; gloss or excuse; decorate with colors; modify or bias; change color, often in an undesired manner; affect as in thought or feeling
  • color-blind - adj. unprejudiced about race; unable to distinguish one or more chromatic colors
  • colorado - noun a state in west central United States in the Rocky Mountains; an important river in the southwestern United States; rises in the Rocky Mountains of northern Colorado and flows southwest through Utah into Arizona (where it flows through the Grand Canyon) and then southward through the southern tip of Nevada, then forming the border between California and Arizona and finally into Mexico where it empties into the Gulf of California; the main source of water in the southwestern United States; a river in Texas; flows southeast into the Gulf of Mexico
  • coloration - noun choice and use of colors (as by an artist); appearance with regard to color; the timbre of a musical sound
  • colored - adj. having skin rich in melanin pigments; having color or a certain color; sometimes used in combination; (used of color) artificially produced; not natural; favoring one person or side over another; noun a United States term for Blacks that is now considered offensive
  • colorimeter - noun a measuring instrument used in colorimetric analysis to determine the quantity of a substance from the color it yields with specific reagents
  • coloring - noun the act or process of changing the color of something; a digestible substance used to give color to food; a visual attribute of things that results from the light they emit or transmit or reflect
  • colorless - adj. weak in color; not colorful; lacking in variety and interest
  • colors - noun a flag that shows its nationality; a distinguishing emblem
  • colossal - adj. so great in size or force or extent as to elicit awe
  • colostomy - noun a surgical operation that creates an opening from the colon to the surface of the body to function as an anus
  • colostrum - noun milky fluid secreted for the first day or two after parturition
  • columbia - noun a university town in central Missouri; capital and largest city in South Carolina; located in central South Carolina; a town in west central Tennessee; a North American river; rises in southwestern Canada and flows southward across Washington to form the border between Washington and Oregon before emptying into the Pacific; known for its salmon runs in the spring; a university in New York City
  • columbus - noun a city in western Georgia on the Chattahoochee River; industrial center; a town in eastern Mississippi near the border with Alabama; the state capital of Ohio; located in the center of the state; site of Ohio State University; Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
  • column - noun (architeture) a tall cylindrical vertical upright and used to support a structure; a vertical cylindrical structure standing alone and not supporting anything (such as a monument); a vertical glass tube used in column chromatography; a mixture is poured in the top and washed through a stationary substance where components of the mixture are adsorbed selectively to form colored bands; an article giving opinions or perspectives; a line of (usually military) units following one after another; a linear array of numbers one above another; anything tall and relatively thin that approximates the shape of a column or tower
  • columnar - adj. characterized by columns; having the form of a column
  • commence - verb take the first step or steps in carrying out an action; set in motion, cause to start; get off the ground
  • coma - noun a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness; usually the result of disease or injury; (astronomy) the luminous cloud of particles surrounding the frozen nucleus of a comet; forms as the comet approaches the sun and is warmed; a usually terminal tuft of hairs especially on a seed
  • comatose - adj. in a state of deep and usually prolonged unconsciousness; unable to respond to external stimuli; relating to or associated with a coma
  • combat - noun an engagement fought between two military forces; the act of fighting; any contest or struggle; verb battle or contend against in or as if in a battle
  • combatant - adj. engaging in or ready for combat; noun someone who fights (or is fighting)
  • combination - noun the act of combining things to form a new whole; the act of arranging elements into specified groups without regard to order; a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities; an alliance of people or corporations or countries for a special purpose (formerly to achieve some antisocial end but now for general political or economic purposes); a group of people (often temporary) having a common purpose; a sequence of numbers or letters that opens a combination lock; a coordinated sequence of chess moves
  • combine - noun harvester that heads and threshes and cleans grain while moving across the field; an occurrence that results in things being united; a consortium of independent organizations formed to limit competition by controlling the production and distribution of a product or service; verb add together from different sources; join for a common purpose or in a common action; put or add together; mix together different elements; gather in a mass, sum, or whole; combine so as to form a whole; mix; have or possess in combination
  • combined - adj. made or joined or united into one; involving the joint activity of two or more
  • combining - noun an occurrence that results in things being united; the act of combining things to form a new whole
  • combretum - noun any of numerous shrubs or small trees of the genus Combretum having spikes of small flowers
  • combustible - adj. capable of igniting and burning; noun a substance that can be burned to provide heat or power
  • combustion - noun a process in which a substance reacts with oxygen to give heat and light; a state of violent disturbance and excitement; the act of burning something
  • come - noun the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract; verb come to pass; arrive, as in due course; be found or available; happen as a result; reach or enter a state, relation, condition, use, or position; have a certain priority; cover a certain distance; move toward, travel toward something or somebody or approach something or somebody; be received; experience orgasm; to be the product or result; develop into; extend or reach; exist or occur in a certain point in a series; come to one's mind; suggest itself; reach a destination; arrive by movement or progress; proceed or get along; add up in number or quantity; come under, be classified or included; come from; be connected by a relationship of blood, for example; be a native of; come forth
  • comedo - noun a black-tipped plug clogging a pore of the skin
  • comfort - noun a feeling of freedom from worry or disappointment; a state of being relaxed and feeling no pain; the act of consoling; giving relief in affliction; a freedom from financial difficulty that promotes a comfortable state; verb lessen pain or discomfort; alleviate; give moral or emotional strength to
  • comfortable - adj. providing or experiencing physical well-being or relief (`comfy' is informal); free from stress or conducive to mental ease; having or affording peace of mind; in fortunate circumstances financially; moderately rich; sufficient to provide comfort; more than adequate
  • comfortably - adv. in mental comfort; without stress; in physical comfort; in financial comfort
  • comforting - adj. affording comfort or solace; providing freedom from worry
  • comforts - noun things that make you comfortable and at ease
  • coming - adj. yet to come; of the relatively near future; noun arrival that has been awaited (especially of something momentous); the moment of most intense pleasure in sexual intercourse; the act of drawing spatially closer to something; the temporal property of becoming nearer in time
  • comma - noun anglewing butterfly with a comma-shaped mark on the underside of each hind wing; a punctuation mark (,) used to indicate the separation of elements within the grammatical structure of a sentence
  • command - noun availability for use; the power or authority to command; great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity; an authoritative direction or instruction to do something; a military unit or region under the control of a single officer; a position of highest authority; (computer science) a line of code written as part of a computer program; verb make someone do something; be in command of; demand as one's due; exercise authoritative control or power over; look down on
  • commander - noun someone in an official position of authority who can command or control others; a commissioned naval officer who ranks above a lieutenant commander and below a captain; an officer in the airforce; an officer in command of a military unit
  • commence - verb take the first step or steps in carrying out an action; set in motion, cause to start; get off the ground
  • commencement - noun an academic exercise in which diplomas are conferred; the act of starting something; the time at which something is supposed to begin
  • commendable - adj. worthy of high praise; adv. in an admirable manner
  • commensalism - noun the relation between two different kinds of organisms when one receives benefits from the other without damaging it
  • comment - noun a written explanation or criticism or illustration that is added to a book or other textual material; a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief; a report (often malicious) about the behavior of other people; verb explain or interpret something; make or write a comment on; provide interlinear explanations for words or phrases
  • commerce - noun transactions (sales and purchases) having the objective of supplying commodities (goods and services); social exchange, especially of opinions, attitudes, etc.; the United States federal department that promotes and administers domestic and foreign trade (including management of the census and the patent office); created in 1913
  • commercial - adj. connected with or engaged in or sponsored by or used in commerce or commercial enterprises; of the kind or quality used in commerce; average or inferior; of or relating to commercialism; noun a commercially sponsored ad on radio or television
  • commiphora - noun genus of East Indian and African trees yielding balsamic products
  • commissary - noun a retail store that sells equipment and provisions to military personnel; a snack bar in a film studio
  • commission - noun the act of granting authority to undertake certain functions; an official document issued by a government and conferring on the recipient the rank of an officer in the armed forces; a formal statement of a command or injunction to do something; a fee for services rendered based on a percentage of an amount received or collected or agreed to be paid (as distinguished from a salary); the state of being in good working order and ready for operation; a special assignment that is given to a person or group; the act of committing a crime; a special group delegated to consider some matter; a group of representatives or delegates; verb charge with a task; put into commission; equip for service; of ships; place an order for
  • commissioner - noun a government administrator; a member of a commission
  • commissure - noun a bundle of nerve fibers passing from one side to the other of the brain or spinal cord
  • commit - verb cause to be admitted; of persons to an institution; give entirely to a specific person, activity, or cause; make an investment; confer a trust upon; perform an act, usually with a negative connotation
  • commitment - noun the official act of consigning a person to confinement (as in a prison or mental hospital); the act of binding yourself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action; an engagement by contract involving financial obligation; a message that makes a pledge; the trait of sincere and steadfast fixity of purpose
  • committed - adj. bound or obligated, as under a pledge to a particular cause, action, or attitude; associated in an exclusive sexual relationship
  • committee - noun a special group delegated to consider some matter; a self-constituted organization to promote something
  • commode - noun a tall elegant chest of drawers; a plumbing fixture for defecation and urination
  • common - adj. having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual; belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public; commonly encountered; being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language; of or associated with the great masses of people; to be expected; standard; common to or shared by two or more parties; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste; of low or inferior quality or value; noun a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • common salt - noun white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food; a white crystalline solid consisting mainly of sodium chloride (NaCl)
  • commoner - noun a person who holds no title
  • commonplace - adj. not challenging; dull and lacking excitement; completely ordinary and unremarkable; repeated too often; overfamiliar through overuse; noun a trite or obvious remark
  • commotion - noun the act of making a noisy disturbance; confused movement; a disorderly outburst or tumult
  • commune - noun a body of people or families living together and sharing everything; the smallest administrative district of several European countries; verb communicate intimately with; be in a state of heightened, intimate receptivity; receive Communion, in the Catholic church
  • communicable - adj. readily communicated; (of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection
  • communicate - verb transmit thoughts or feelings; transmit information; administer communion; in church; be in verbal contact; interchange information or ideas; join or connect; receive Communion, in the Catholic church; transfer to another
  • communicating - noun the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information
  • communication - noun something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups; the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information; a connection allowing access between persons or places
  • communications - noun the discipline that studies the principles of transmiting information and the methods by which it is delivered (as print or radio or television etc.)
  • community - noun (ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other; a group of people living in a particular local area; a group of people having ethnic or cultural or religious characteristics in common; a group of nations having common interests; common ownership; agreement as to goals; the body of people in a learned occupation; a district where people live; occupied primarily by private residences
  • comp - noun an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge
  • compact - adj. closely and firmly united or packed together; having component parts closely crowded together; heavy and compact in form or stature; briefly giving the gist of something; noun a small cosmetics case with a mirror; to be carried in a woman's purse; a small and economical car; a signed written agreement between two or more parties (nations) to perform some action; verb have the property of being packable or of compacting easily; squeeze or press together; make more compact by or as if by pressing; compress into a wad
  • compaction - noun an increase in the density of something; the act of crushing
  • company - noun an institution created to conduct business; a unit of firefighters including their equipment; a social gathering of guests or companions; organization of performers and associated personnel (especially theatrical); small military unit; usually two or three platoons; the state of being with someone; crew of a ship including the officers; the whole force or personnel of a ship; a band of people associated temporarily in some activity; a social or business visitor; verb be a companion to somebody
  • comparable - adj. able to be compared or worthy of comparison; conforming in every respect
  • comparative - adj. having significance only in relation to something else; relating to or based on or involving comparison; noun the comparative form of an adjective
  • comparatively - adv. in a relative manner; by comparison to something else
  • compare - noun qualities that are comparable; verb examine and note the similarities or differences of; consider or describe as similar, equal, or analogous; to form the comparative or superlative form on an adjective or adverb; be comparable
  • comparing - noun examining resemblances or differences
  • comparison - noun examining resemblances or differences; qualities that are comparable; relation based on similarities and differences
  • compartment - noun a partitioned section or separate room within a larger enclosed area; a small space or subdivision for storage
  • compatibility - noun capability of existing or performing in harmonious or congenial combination; a feeling of sympathetic understanding
  • compatible - adj. able to exist and perform in harmonious or agreeable combination; capable of being used with or connected to other devices or components without modification; capable of forming a homogeneous mixture that neither separates nor is altered by chemical interaction; having similar disposition and tastes; (of a couple) existing together harmoniously
  • compel - verb force or compel somebody to do something; make someone do something
  • compelling - adj. tending to persuade by forcefulness of argument; driving or forcing
  • compensate - verb make payment to; compensate; make amends for; pay compensation for; adjust for; do or give something to somebody in return; make reparations or amends for; make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities
  • compensated - adj. receiving or eligible for compensation
  • compensation - noun something (such as money) given or received as payment or reparation (as for a service or loss or injury); (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that conceals your undesirable shortcomings by exaggerating desirable behaviors; the act of compensating for service or loss or injury
  • competent - adj. adequate for the purpose; properly or sufficiently qualified or capable or efficient
  • complain - verb make a formal accusation; bring a formal charge; express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness
  • complaining - adj. expressing pain or dissatisfaction of resentment
  • complaint - noun (civil law) the first pleading of the plaintiff setting out the facts on which the claim for relief is based; an expression of grievance or resentment; (formerly) a loud cry (or repeated cries) of pain or rage or sorrow; (criminal law) a pleading describing some wrong or offense; an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining
  • complement - noun something added to complete or make perfect; either of two parts that mutually complete each other; a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction; number needed to make up a whole force; a complete number or quantity; one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response; verb make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to
  • complement fixation - noun an immune response in which an antigen-antibody combination inactivates a complement (so it is unavailable to participate in a second antigen-antibody combination)
  • complementary - adj. of words or propositions so related that each is the negation of the other; acting as or providing a complement (something that completes the whole); noun either one of two chromatic colors that when mixed together give white (in the case of lights) or grey (in the case of pigments)
  • complete - adj. having every necessary or normal part or component or step; having come or been brought to a conclusion; perfect and complete in every respect; having all necessary qualities; without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers; highly skilled; verb bring to a whole, with all the necessary parts or elements; come or bring to a finish or an end; write all the required information onto a form; complete a pass; complete or carry out
  • completed - adj. caught; (of a marriage) completed by the first act of sexual intercourse after the ceremony; successfully completed or brought to an end
  • completely - adv. so as to be complete; with everything necessary; to a complete degree or to the full or entire extent (`whole' is often used informally for `wholly')
  • completeness - noun (logic) an attribute of a logical system that is so constituted that a contradiction arises if any proposition is introduced that cannot be derived from the axioms of the system; the state of being complete and entire; having everything that is needed
  • completing - adj. acting as or providing a complement (something that completes the whole)
  • completion - noun a concluding action; (American football) a successful forward pass in football
  • complex - adj. complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts; noun a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts; (psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior; a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated; a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
  • complexion - noun (obsolete) a combination of elements (of dryness and warmth or of the four humors) that was once believed to determine a person's health and temperament; texture and appearance of the skin of the face; the coloring of a person's face; a point of view or general attitude or inclination; a combination that results from coupling or interlinking; verb give a certain color to
  • compliance - noun happy friendly agreement; the act of submitting; usually surrendering power to another; acting according to certain accepted standards; a disposition or tendency to yield to the will of others
  • complicate - verb make more complex, intricate, or richer; make more complicated
  • complication - noun the act or process of complicating; a development that complicates a situation; a situation or condition that is complex or confused; any disease or disorder that occurs during the course of (or because of) another disease; puzzling complexity
  • comply - verb act in accordance with someone's rules, commands, or wishes
  • component - noun an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system; an abstract part of something; something determined in relation to something that includes it
  • compose - verb put together out of existing material; write music; calm (someone, especially oneself); make quiet; form the substance of; make up plans or basic details for; produce a literary work
  • composed - adj. serenely self-possessed and free from agitation especially in times of stress; made up of individual elements
  • composing - noun musical creation; the spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole
  • compositae - noun plants with heads composed of many florets: aster; daisy; dandelion; goldenrod; marigold; lettuces; ragweed; sunflower; thistle; zinnia
  • composite - adj. consisting of separate interconnected parts; of or relating to or belonging to the plant family Compositae; noun considered the most highly evolved dicotyledonous plants, characterized by florets arranged in dense heads that resemble single flowers; a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts
  • composition - noun something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole; the spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole; an essay (especially one written as an assignment); a mixture of ingredients; the act of creating written works; musical creation; the way in which someone or something is composed; art and technique of printing with movable type; a musical work that has been created
  • compound - adj. of leaf shapes; of leaves composed of several similar parts or lobes; consisting of two or more substances or ingredients or elements or parts; composed of many distinct individuals united to form a whole or colony; noun an enclosure of residences and other building (especially in the Orient); a whole formed by a union of two or more elements or parts; (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight; verb put or add together; combine so as to form a whole; mix; create by mixing or combining; calculate principal and interest; make more intense, stronger, or more marked
  • compounded - adj. combined into or constituting a chemical compound
  • compounding - noun the act of combining things to form a new whole
  • comprehend - verb get the meaning of something; to become aware of through the senses; include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory
  • comprehension - noun an ability to understand the meaning or importance of something (or the knowledge acquired as a result); the relation of comprising something
  • comprehensive - adj. including all or everything; broad in scope; noun an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge
  • compress - noun a cloth pad or dressing (with or without medication) applied firmly to some part of the body (to relieve discomfort or reduce fever); verb squeeze or press together; make more compact by or as if by pressing
  • compressed - adj. reduced in volume by pressure; pressed tightly together; flattened laterally along the whole length (e.g., certain leafstalks or flatfishes)
  • compressed air - noun air at a pressure greater than that of the atmosphere
  • compressible - adj. capable of being compressed or made more compact; capable of being easily compressed
  • compression - noun applying pressure; encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required; the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together; an increase in the density of something
  • compressor - noun a mechanical device that compresses gasses
  • comprise - verb form or compose; include or contain; have as a component; be composed of
  • compromise - noun a middle way between two extremes; an accommodation in which both sides make concessions; verb settle by concession; make a compromise; arrive at a compromise; expose or make liable to danger, suspicion, or disrepute
  • compromising - adj. making or willing to make concessions; vulnerable to danger especially of discredit or suspicion
  • compulsive - adj. strongly motivated to succeed; caused by or suggestive of psychological compulsion; noun a person with a compulsive disposition; someone who feels compelled to do certain things
  • computation - noun the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods; problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
  • compute - verb make a mathematical calculation or computation
  • computing - noun the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods; the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures
  • con - adv. on the negative side; noun an argument opposed to a proposal; a swindle in which you cheat at gambling or persuade a person to buy worthless property; a person serving a sentence in a jail or prison; verb commit to memory; learn by heart; deprive of by deceit
  • concavity - noun the property possessed by a concave shape; a shape that curves or bends inward
  • conceal - verb hold back; keep from being perceived by others; prevent from being seen or discovered
  • concealed - adj. hidden on any grounds for any motive; not accessible to view
  • concealing - adj. covering or hiding; noun the activity of keeping something secret
  • concealment - noun the activity of keeping something secret; a covering that serves to conceal or shelter something; the condition of being concealed or hidden
  • concede - verb be willing to concede; admit, make a clean breast of; acknowledge defeat; give over; surrender or relinquish to the physical control of another
  • conceivable - adj. within the bounds of what may be conceived within the framework of nature; capable of being imagined
  • concentrate - noun a concentrated example; a concentrated form of a foodstuff; the bulk is reduced by removing water; the desired mineral that is left after impurities have been removed from mined ore; verb make (the solvent of a solution) dense or denser; direct one's attention on something; draw together or meet in one common center; cook until very little liquid is left; be cooked until very little liquid is left; make more concise; compress or concentrate; make central
  • concentrated - adj. gathered together or made less diffuse; of or relating to a solution whose dilution has been reduced; intensely focused; being the most concentrated solution possible at a given temperature; unable to dissolve still more of a substance; (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source
  • concentration - noun strengthening the amount of a substance in a unit amount of another substance (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing the other substance; bringing together military forces; (chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter); the spatial property of being crowded together; complete attention; intense mental effort; increase in density; great and constant diligence and attention
  • concept - noun an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
  • conception - noun the act of becoming pregnant; fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon; the creation of something in the mind; an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances; the event that occurred at the beginning of something
  • concern - noun something that interests you because it is important or affects you; something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness; a feeling of sympathy for someone or something; an anxious feeling; a commercial or industrial enterprise and the people who constitute it; verb be on the mind of; have to do with or be relevant to
  • concerned - adj. feeling or showing worry or solicitude; involved in or affected by or having a claim to or share in; in relation (or in regard) to; especially as in the phrases; culpably involved
  • concert - noun a performance of music by players or singers not involving theatrical staging; verb settle by agreement; contrive (a plan) by mutual agreement
  • concise - adj. expressing much in few words
  • concisely - adv. in a concise manner; in a few words
  • conclude - verb bring to a close; reach a conclusion after a discussion or deliberation; reach agreement on; come to a close; decide by reasoning; draw or come to a conclusion
  • concluded - adj. having come or been brought to a conclusion
  • concluding - adj. occurring at or forming an end or termination
  • conclusion - noun an intuitive assumption; the last section of a communication; the proposition arrived at by logical reasoning (such as the proposition that must follow from the major and minor premises of a syllogism); a final settlement; the act of making up your mind about something; the act of ending something; a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration; event whose occurrence ends something; the temporal end; the concluding time
  • conclusive - adj. forming an end or termination; especially putting an end to doubt or question; final and deciding; expressing finality with no implication of possible change
  • concomitant - adj. following as a consequence; noun an event or situation that happens at the same time as or in connection with another
  • concordant - adj. being of the same opinion; in keeping
  • concrete - adj. capable of being perceived by the senses; not abstract or imaginary; formed by the coalescence of particles; noun a strong hard building material composed of sand and gravel and cement and water; verb form into a solid mass; coalesce; cover with cement
  • concretion - noun the formation of stonelike objects within a body organ (e.g., the kidneys); the union of diverse things into one body or form or group; the growing together of parts; an increase in the density of something; a hard lump produced by the concretion of mineral salts; found in hollow organs or ducts of the body
  • concurrent - adj. occurring or operating at the same time
  • concussion - noun any violent blow; injury to the brain caused by a blow; usually resulting in loss of consciousness
  • condemn - verb declare or judge unfit; express strong disapproval of; demonstrate the guilt of (someone); compel or force into a particular state or activity; pronounce a sentence on (somebody) in a court of law
  • condemnation - noun (law) the act of condemning (as land forfeited for public use) or judging to be unfit for use (as a food product or an unsafe building); the condition of being strongly disapproved of; (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed; an expression of strong disapproval; pronouncing as wrong or morally culpable; an appeal to some supernatural power to inflict evil on someone or some group
  • condemned - adj. officially pronounced unfit for use or consumption; pronounced or proved guilty; officially and strongly disapproved; taken without permission or consent especially by public authority
  • condensation - noun (psychoanalysis) an unconscious process whereby two ideas or images combine into a single symbol; especially in dreams; a shortened version of a written work; atmospheric moisture that has condensed because of cold; the process of changing from a gaseous to a liquid or solid state; the act of increasing the density of something; the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
  • condenser - noun lens used to concentrate light on an object; a hollow coil that condenses by abstracting heat; an apparatus that converts vapor into liquid; an electrical device characterized by its capacity to store an electric charge
  • condensing - noun the act of increasing the density of something
  • condiment - noun a preparation (a sauce or relish or spice) to enhance flavor or enjoyment
  • condition - noun the procedure that is varied in order to estimate a variable's effect by comparison with a control condition; an assumption on which rests the validity or effect of something else; (usually plural) a statement of what is required as part of an agreement; a mode of being or form of existence of a person or thing; a state at a particular time; the state of (good) health (especially in the phrases `in condition' or `in shape' or `out of condition' or `out of shape'); information that should be kept in mind when making a decision; verb apply conditioner to in order to make smooth and shiny; put into a better state; establish a conditioned response; specify as a condition or requirement in a contract or agreement; make an express demand or provision in an agreement; train by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control
  • conducive - adj. tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
  • conduct - noun manner of acting or controlling yourself; (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people; verb lead, as in the performance of a composition; lead musicians in the performance of; transmit or serve as the medium for transmission; direct the course of; manage or control; take somebody somewhere; behave in a certain manner
  • conducting - noun the direction of an orchestra or choir; the way of administering a business
  • conduction - noun the transmission of heat or electricity or sound
  • conductivity - noun the transmission of heat or electricity or sound
  • conductor - noun a device designed to transmit electricity, heat, etc.; the person who leads a musical group; the person who collects fares on a public conveyance; a substance that readily conducts e.g. electricity and heat
  • condylar - adj. of or relating to or resembling a condyle
  • condyle - noun a round bump on a bone where it forms a joint with another bone
  • cone - noun any cone-shaped artifact; visual receptor cell sensitive to color; cone-shaped mass of ovule- or spore-bearing scales or bracts; a shape whose base is a circle and whose sides taper up to a point; verb make cone-shaped
  • confection - noun the act of creating something (a medicine or drink or soup etc.) by compounding or mixing a variety of components; a food rich in sugar; verb make into a confection
  • confer - verb have a conference in order to talk something over; present
  • conferred - adj. given formally or officially
  • confidence - noun a secret that is confided or entrusted to another; a feeling of trust (in someone or something); a trustful relationship; a state of confident hopefulness that events will be favorable; freedom from doubt; belief in yourself and your abilities
  • confidential - adj. the level of official classification for documents next above restricted and below secret; available only to persons authorized to see documents so classified; denoting confidence or intimacy; (of information) given in confidence or in secret; entrusted with private information and the confidence of another
  • configuration - noun an arrangement of parts or elements; any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline)
  • confine - verb prevent from leaving or from being removed; deprive of freedom; take into confinement; place limits on (extent or access); restrict or confine, "I limit you to two visits to the pub a day"; to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement; close in or confine
  • confined - adj. not free to move about; not invading healthy tissue; enclosed by a confining fence; deprived of liberty; especially placed under arrest or restraint; in captivity
  • confinement - noun the act of restraining of a person's liberty by confining them; the state of being confined; concluding state of pregnancy; from the onset of labor to the birth of a child
  • confining - adj. restricting the scope or freedom of action; crowded
  • confirm - verb make more firm; establish or strengthen as with new evidence or facts; strengthen or make more firm; administer the rite of confirmation to; support a person for a position
  • confirmation - noun a sacrament admitting a baptized person to full participation in the church; a ceremony held in the synagogue (usually at Pentecost) to admit as adult members of the Jewish community young men and women who have successfully completed a course of study in Judaism; additional proof that something that was believed (some fact or hypothesis or theory) is correct; information that confirms or verifies; making something valid by formally ratifying or confirming it
  • confirmed - adj. having a habit of long standing; of persons; not subject to change; having been established or made firm or received the rite of confirmation
  • confirming - adj. indicating existence or presence of a suspected condition or pathogen; serving to support or corroborate
  • conflict - noun an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals); an incompatibility of dates or events; opposition between two simultaneous but incompatible feelings; opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot); a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests; a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war; a disagreement or argument about something important; verb go against, as of rules and laws; be in conflict
  • confluence - noun a flowing together; a place where things merge or flow together (especially rivers); a coming together of people
  • confluent - adj. flowing together; noun a branch that flows into the main stream
  • conform - verb be similar, be in line with; adapt or conform oneself to new or different conditions
  • conformable - adj. quick to comply; in keeping; disposed or willing to comply
  • conformation - noun a symmetrical arrangement of the parts of a thing; acting according to certain accepted standards; any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline)
  • conforming - adj. adhering to established customs or doctrines (especially in religion)
  • conformity - noun acting according to certain accepted standards; correspondence in form or appearance; orthodoxy in thoughts and belief; hardened conventionality; concurrence of opinion
  • confound - verb mistake one thing for another; be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly
  • confounded - adj. perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment
  • confounding - adj. that confounds or contradicts or confuses
  • confront - verb deal with (something unpleasant) head on; present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize; oppose, as in hostility or a competition; be face to face with
  • confuse - verb mistake one thing for another; make unclear, indistinct, or blurred; make unclear or incomprehensible; be confusing or perplexing to; cause to be unable to think clearly; cause to feel embarrassment; assemble without order or sense
  • confused - adj. mentally confused; unable to think with clarity or act intelligently; lacking orderly continuity; having lost your bearings; confused as to time or place or personal identity; thrown into a state of disarray or confusion; perplexed by many conflicting situations or statements; filled with bewilderment
  • confusing - adj. lacking clarity of meaning; causing confusion or perplexity; causing confusion or disorientation
  • confusion - noun a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended; a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior; a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused; disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
  • congenial - adj. used of plants; capable of cross-fertilization or of being grafted; suitable to your needs or similar to your nature
  • congenital - adj. present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • congeries - noun a sum total of many heterogenous things taken together
  • congest - verb become or cause to become obstructed
  • congestion - noun excessive crowding; excessive accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part
  • congestive - adj. relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid
  • congius - noun a British imperial capacity measure (liquid or dry) equal to 4 quarts or 4.545 liters
  • congo - noun a republic in west-central Africa; achieved independence from France in 1960; a republic in central Africa; achieved independence from Belgium in 1960; a major African river (one of the world's longest); flows through Congo into the South Atlantic; black tea grown in China
  • congress - noun the legislature of the United States government; a meeting of elected or appointed representatives; a national legislative assembly; the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
  • conic - adj. relating to or resembling a cone; noun (geometry) a curve generated by the intersection of a plane and a circular cone
  • conical - adj. relating to or resembling a cone
  • conium - noun small genus of highly toxic biennials: hemlock
  • conjectural - adj. based primarily on surmise rather than adequate evidence
  • conjecture - noun reasoning that involves the formation of conclusions from incomplete evidence; a hypothesis that has been formed by speculating or conjecturing (usually with little hard evidence); a message expressing an opinion based on incomplete evidence; verb to believe especially on uncertain or tentative grounds
  • conjoined - adj. consisting of two or more associated entities
  • conjoint - adj. consisting of two or more associated entities
  • conjugate - adj. of an organic compound; containing two or more double bonds each separated from the other by a single bond; formed by the union of two compounds; of a pinnate leaflet; having only one pair of leaflets; joined together especially in a pair or pairs; noun a mixture of two partially miscible liquids A and B produces two conjugate solutions: one of A in B and another of B in A; verb unite chemically so that the product is easily broken down into the original compounds; undergo conjugation; add inflections showing person, number, gender, tense, aspect, etc.
  • conjunction - noun an uninflected function word that serves to conjoin words or phrases or clauses or sentences; (astronomy) apparent meeting or passing of two or more celestial bodies in the same degree of the zodiac; the grammatical relation between linguistic units (words or phrases or clauses) that are connected by a conjunction; something that joins or connects; the temporal property of two things happening at the same time; the state of being joined together
  • conjunctiva - noun a transparent membrane covering the eyeball and under surface of the eyelid
  • conn - verb conduct or direct the steering of a ship or plane
  • connect - verb join for the purpose of communication; join by means of communication equipment; land on or hit solidly; connect, fasten, or put together two or more pieces; hit or play a ball successfully; establish a rapport or relationship; be or become joined or united or linked; be scheduled so as to provide continuing service, as in transportation; make a logical or causal connection; plug into an outlet; establish communication with someone
  • connected - adj. joined or linked together; plugged in; wired together to an alarm system; stored in, controlled by, or in direct communication with a central computer; being joined in close association; related to or accompanying
  • connecticut - noun a New England state; one of the original 13 colonies; one of the British colonies that formed the United States; a river in the northeastern United States; flows south from northern New Hampshire along the border between New Hampshire and Vermont and through Massachusetts and Connecticut where it empties into Long Island Sound
  • connecting - adj. syntactically connecting sentences or elements of a sentence
  • connection - noun shifting from one form of transportation to another; an instrumentality that connects; a supplier (especially of narcotics); (usually plural) a person who is influential and to whom you are connected in some way (as by family or friendship); a relation between things or events (as in the case of one causing the other or sharing features with it); a connecting shape; the state of being connected; the act of bringing two things into contact (especially for communication); the process of bringing ideas or events together in memory or imagination
  • connective - adj. connecting or tending to connect; noun an instrumentality that connects; an uninflected function word that serves to conjoin words or phrases or clauses or sentences
  • connective tissue - noun tissue of mesodermal origin consisting of e.g. collagen fibroblasts and fatty cells; supports organs and fills spaces between them and forms tendons and ligaments
  • conoid - noun a shape whose base is a circle and whose sides taper up to a point
  • conscientious - adj. characterized by extreme care and great effort; guided by or in accordance with conscience or sense of right and wrong
  • conscious - adj. (followed by `of') showing realization or recognition of something; knowing and perceiving; having awareness of surroundings and sensations and thoughts; intentionally conceived
  • consciousness - noun an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation; having knowledge of
  • consecutive - adj. in regular succession without gaps; one after the other; successive (without a break); adv. in a consecutive manner
  • consensus - noun agreement in the judgment or opinion reached by a group as a whole
  • consent - noun permission to do something; verb give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to
  • consequence - noun having important effects or influence; the outcome of an event especially as relative to an individual; a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
  • consequent - adj. following as an effect or result
  • consequently - adv. (sentence connectors) because of the reason given; as a consequence
  • conservative - adj. resistant to change; opposed to liberal reforms; conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class; unimaginatively conventional; avoiding excess; noun a person who has conservative ideas or opinions
  • conservation - noun the preservation and careful management of the environment and of natural resources; (physics) the maintenance of a certain quantities unchanged during chemical reactions or physical transformations; an occurrence of improvement by virtue of preventing loss or injury or other change
  • conservatism - noun a political or theological orientation advocating the preservation of the best in society and opposing radical changes
  • conservative - adj. resistant to change; opposed to liberal reforms; conforming to the standards and conventions of the middle class; unimaginatively conventional; avoiding excess; noun a person who has conservative ideas or opinions
  • conserve - noun fruit preserved by cooking with sugar; verb preserve with sugar; use cautiously and frugally; keep in safety and protect from harm, decay, loss, or destruction; keep constant through physical or chemical reactions or evolutionary change
  • consider - verb regard or treat with consideration, respect, and esteem; take into consideration for exemplifying purposes; think about carefully; weigh; show consideration for; take into account; judge or regard; look upon; judge; deem to be; look at carefully; study mentally; look at attentively; give careful consideration to
  • considerable - adj. large or relatively large in number or amount or extent or degree
  • consideration - noun a considerate and thoughtful act; kind and considerate regard for others; the process of giving careful thought to something; a discussion of a topic (as in a meeting); information that should be kept in mind when making a decision; a fee charged in advance to retain the services of someone
  • considered - adj. carefully weighed; resulting from careful thought
  • consist - verb be composed of; be consistent in form, tenor, or character; be congruous; have its essential character; be comprised or contained in; be embodied in; originate (in)
  • consistence - noun a harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts; the property of holding together and retaining its shape
  • consistency - noun a harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts; (logic) an attribute of a logical system that is so constituted that none of the propositions deducible from the axioms contradict one another; the property of holding together and retaining its shape; logical coherence and accordance with the facts
  • consistent - adj. (sometimes followed by `with') in agreement or consistent or reliable; the same throughout in structure or composition; marked by an orderly, logical, and aesthetically consistent relation of parts; capable of being reproduced
  • consolidate - verb make firm or secure; strengthen; make or form into a solid or hardened mass; form into a solid mass or whole; unite into one; bring together into a single whole or system
  • consolidated - adj. forming a solid mass; joined together into a whole
  • consolidation - noun the act of combining into an integral whole; combining into a solid mass; something that has consolidated into a compact mass
  • consomme - noun clear soup usually of beef or veal or chicken
  • consonant - adj. involving or characterized by harmony; in keeping; noun a speech sound that is not a vowel; a letter of the alphabet standing for a spoken consonant
  • conspicuous - adj. obvious to the eye or mind; without any attempt at concealment; completely obvious
  • conspicuously - adv. in a manner tending to attract attention; in a prominent way
  • constancy - noun the quality of being enduring and free from change or variation; faithfulness and dependability in personal attachments (especially sexual fidelity); (psychology) the tendency for perceived objects to give rise to very similar perceptual experiences in spite of wide variations in the conditions of observation
  • constant - adj. steadfast in purpose or devotion or affection; continually recurring or continuing without interruption; uninterrupted in time and indefinitely long continuing; persistent in occurrence and unvarying in nature; noun a quantity that does not vary; a number representing a quantity assumed to have a fixed value in a specified mathematical context
  • constantly - adv. without interruption; seemingly uninterrupted; without variation or change
  • constipate - verb cause to be constipated; impede with a clog or as if with a clog
  • constipated - adj. have difficult or incomplete or infrequent evacuation of the bowels
  • constipation - noun irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis; the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
  • constituent - adj. constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup); noun (grammar) a word or phrase or clause forming part of a larger grammatical construction; a member of a constituency; a citizen who is represented in a government by officials for whom he or she votes; an artifact that is one of the individual parts of which a composite entity is made up; especially a part that can be separated from or attached to a system; an abstract part of something
  • constitute - verb form or compose; set up or lay the groundwork for; create and charge with a task or function; to compose or represent:"This wall forms the background of the stage setting"
  • constituted - adj. brought about or set up or accepted; especially long established
  • constitution - noun the act of forming something; United States 44-gun frigate that was one of the first three naval ships built by the United States; it won brilliant victories over British frigates during the War of 1812 and is without doubt the most famous ship in the history of the United States Navy; it has been rebuilt and is anchored in the Charlestown Navy Yard in Boston; the way in which someone or something is composed; law determining the fundamental political principles of a government
  • constitutional - adj. sanctioned by or consistent with or operating under a constitution; of benefit to or intended to benefit your physical makeup; of or relating to a constitution; constitutional in the structure of something (especially your physical makeup); existing as an essential constituent or characteristic; noun a regular walk taken as a form of exercise
  • constrict - verb become tight or as if tight; squeeze or press together
  • constricted - adj. inhibited; drawn together or squeezed physically or by extension psychologically; especially tense; especially in some dialects
  • constricting - adj. (of circumstances) tending to constrict freedom; hindering freedom of movement
  • constriction - noun the action or process of compressing; a tight feeling in some part of the body; tight or narrow compression; a narrowing that reduces the flow through a channel
  • constrictor - noun any of various large nonvenomous snakes that kill their prey by crushing it in its coils
  • construct - noun an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances; verb draw with suitable instruments and under specified conditions; make by combining materials and parts; create by organizing and linking ideas, arguments, or concepts; create by linking linguistic units; reassemble mentally; put together out of components or parts
  • construction - noun drawing a figure satisfying certain conditions as part of solving a problem or proving a theorem; the act of constructing something; the commercial activity involved in repairing old structures or constructing new ones; the creation of a construct; the process of combining ideas into a congruous object of thought; a group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit; an interpretation of a text or action; a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts
  • constructive - adj. constructing or tending to construct or improve or promote development; emphasizing what is laudable or hopeful or to the good
  • consult - verb advise professionally; seek information from; get or ask advice from; have a conference in order to talk something over
  • consultation - noun a conference between two or more people to consider a particular question; a conference (usually with someone important); the act of referring or consulting
  • consume - verb engage fully; serve oneself to, or consume regularly; use up (resources or materials); spend extravagantly; destroy completely; eat immoderately
  • consumer - noun a person who uses goods or services
  • consummation - noun the act of bringing to completion or fruition; the completion of marriage by sexual intercourse
  • consumption - noun the act of consuming something; the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating); (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing; involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  • consumptive - adj. tending to consume or use often wastefully; afflicted with or associated with pulmonary tuberculosis; noun a person with pulmonary tuberculosis
  • contact - noun close interaction; the act of touching physically; (electronics) a junction where things (as two electrical conductors) touch or are in physical contact; a thin curved glass or plastic lens designed to fit over the cornea in order to correct vision or to deliver medication; a communicative interaction; the physical coming together of two or more things; a person who is in a position to give you special assistance; the state or condition of touching or of being in immediate proximity; a channel for communication between groups; verb be in or establish communication with; be in direct physical contact with; make contact
  • contagion - noun the communication of an attitude or emotional state among a number of people; an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted; any disease easily transmitted by contact
  • contagious - adj. easily diffused or spread as from one person to another; (of disease) capable of being transmitted by infection
  • contain - verb be capable of holding or containing; be divisible by; hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; include or contain; have as a component; contain or hold; have within
  • contained - adj. gotten under control; controlled
  • container - noun any object that can be used to hold things (especially a large metal boxlike object of standardized dimensions that can be loaded from one form of transport to another)
  • contaminate - verb make radioactive by adding radioactive material; make impure
  • contaminated - adj. rendered unwholesome by contaminants and pollution; corrupted by contact or association; contaminated with infecting organisms
  • contaminating - adj. spreading pollution or contamination; especially radioactive contamination; that infects or taints
  • contamination - noun the act of contaminating or polluting; including (either intentionally or accidentally) unwanted substances or factors; the state of being contaminated; a substance that contaminates
  • contemplate - verb consider as a possibility; look at thoughtfully; observe deep in thought; reflect deeply on a subject; think intently and at length, as for spiritual purposes
  • content - adj. satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are; noun the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned; everything that is included in a collection; the proportion of a substance that is contained in a mixture or alloy etc.; something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation; what a communication that is about something is about; the amount that can be contained; the state of being contented with your situation in life; verb satisfy in a limited way; make content
  • contented - adj. satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are
  • contention - noun a point asserted as part of an argument; the act of competing as for profit or a prize; a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement
  • contentment - noun happiness with one's situation in life
  • contents - noun a list of divisions (chapters or articles) and the pages on which they start
  • contiguity - noun the attribute of being so near as to be touching
  • contiguous - adj. very close or connected in space or time; having a common boundary or edge; touching; connecting without a break; within a common boundary
  • continence - noun the exercise of self constraint in sexual matters; voluntary control over urinary and fecal discharge
  • continent - adj. having control over urination and defecation; abstaining from sexual intercourse; noun the European mainland; one of the large landmasses of the earth
  • continental - adj. being or concerning or limited to a continent especially the continents of North America or Europe; of or relating to or characteristic of a continent; of or pertaining to or typical of Europe; of or relating to or concerning the American colonies during and immediately after the American Revolutionary War
  • contingent - adj. uncertain because of uncontrollable circumstances; determined by conditions or circumstances not yet established; possible but not certain to occur; noun a gathering of persons representative of some larger group; a temporary military unit
  • continual - adj. seemingly without interruption; chiefly restricted to what recurs regularly or frequently in a prolonged and closely spaced series; `continual' (meaning seemingly uninterrupted) is often used interchangeably with `continuous' (meaning without interruption)
  • continuance - noun the act of continuing an activity without interruption; the property of enduring or continuing in time; the period of time during which something continues
  • continuation - noun the act of continuing an activity without interruption; the consequence of being lengthened in duration; a Gestalt principle of organization holding that there is an innate tendency to perceive a line as continuing its established direction; a part added to a book or play that continues and extends it
  • continue - verb exist over a prolonged period of time; continue talking; keep or maintain in unaltered condition; cause to remain or last; continue a certain state, condition, or activity; continue after an interruption; do something repeatedly and showing no intention to stop; move ahead; travel onward in time or space; allow to remain in a place or position; span an interval of distance, space or time; continue in a place, position, or situation
  • continued - adj. without stop or interruption
  • continuing - adj. remaining in force or being carried on without letup
  • continuity - noun the property of a continuous and connected period of time; a detailed script used in making a film in order to avoid discontinuities from shot to shot; uninterrupted connection or union
  • continuous - adj. continuing in time or space without interruption; of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
  • contortion - noun the act of twisting or deforming the shape of something (e.g., yourself); a tortuous and twisted shape or position
  • contour - noun a feature (or the order or arrangement of features) of anything having a complex structure; a line drawn on a map connecting points of equal height; any spatial attributes (especially as defined by outline); verb form the contours of
  • contract - noun a variety of bridge in which the bidder receives points toward game only for the number of tricks he bid; a binding agreement between two or more persons that is enforceable by law; (contract bridge) the highest bid becomes the contract setting the number of tricks that the bidder must make; verb be stricken by an illness, fall victim to an illness; enter into a contractual arrangement; make smaller; become smaller or draw together; reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; make or become more narrow or restricted; compress or concentrate; squeeze or press together; engage by written agreement
  • contracted - adj. reduced in size or pulled together
  • contractile - adj. capable of contracting or being contracted
  • contractility - noun the capability or quality of shrinking or contracting, especially by muscle fibers and even some other forms of living matter
  • contraction - noun the act of decreasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope; (physiology) a shortening or tensing of a part or organ (especially of a muscle or muscle fiber); a word formed from two or more words by omitting or combining some sounds; the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together
  • contracture - noun an abnormal and usually permanent contraction of a muscle
  • contradiction - noun the speech act of contradicting someone; (logic) a statement that is necessarily false; opposition between two conflicting forces or ideas
  • contradictory - adj. unable to be both true at the same time; of words or propositions so related that both cannot be true and both cannot be false; in disagreement; that confounds or contradicts or confuses; noun two propositions are contradictories if both cannot be true (or both cannot be false) at the same time
  • contraindication - noun (medicine) a reason that makes it inadvisable to prescribe a particular drug or employ a particular procedure or treatment
  • contrary - adj. resistant to guidance or discipline; very opposed in nature or character or purpose; of words or propositions so related that both cannot be true but both may be false; in an opposing direction; noun a logical relation such that two propositions are contraries if both cannot be true but both can be false; exact opposition; a relation of direct opposition
  • contrast - noun the act of distinguishing by comparing differences; the range of optical density and tone on a photographic negative or print (or the extent to which adjacent areas on a television screen differ in brightness); the perceptual effect of the juxtaposition of very different colors; the opposition or dissimilarity of things that are compared; a conceptual separation or distinction; verb put in opposition to show or emphasize differences; to show differences when compared; be different
  • contrasting - adj. strikingly different; tending to contrast
  • contribute - verb contribute to some cause; be conducive to; provide; bestow a quality on
  • contributing - adj. tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
  • contributor - noun a writer whose work is published in a newspaper or magazine or as part of a book; someone who contributes (or promises to contribute) a sum of money
  • contributory - adj. tending to bring about; being partly responsible for
  • contrivance - noun the faculty of contriving; inventive skill; an artificial or unnatural or obviously contrived arrangement of details or parts etc.; an elaborate or deceitful scheme contrived to deceive or evade; the act of devising something; a device or control that is very useful for a particular job; any improvised arrangement for temporary use
  • control - noun the activity of managing or exerting control over something; (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc; a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; power to direct or determine; the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.; a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance; a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another; discipline in personal and social activities; great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity; a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment; the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; verb verify by using a duplicate register for comparison; exercise authoritative control or power over; lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments; have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of; be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; handle and cause to function; control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
  • controlled - adj. restrained or managed or kept within certain bounds; curbed or regulated
  • controller - noun a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; someone who maintains and audits business accounts; a person who directs and restrains
  • contused - adj. injured without breaking the skin
  • contusion - noun the action of bruising; an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
  • convalescence - noun gradual healing (through rest) after sickness or injury
  • convalescent - adj. returning to health after illness or debility; of or for or relating to convalescence or convalescents; noun a person who is recovering from illness
  • convallaria - noun sometimes placed in family Convallariaceae: lily of the valley
  • convenience - noun the quality of being useful and convenient; the state of being suitable or opportune; a device or control that is very useful for a particular job; a toilet that is available to the public
  • convenient - adj. easy to reach; suited to your comfort or purpose or needs; large and roomy (`convenient' is archaic in this sense)
  • convention - noun the act of convening; something regarded as a normative example; (diplomacy) an international agreement; a large formal assembly; orthodoxy as a consequence of being conventional
  • conventional - adj. following accepted customs and proprieties; unimaginative and conformist; (weapons) using energy for propulsion or destruction that is not nuclear energy; in accord with or being a tradition or practice accepted from the past; conforming with accepted standards; represented in simplified or symbolic form; rigidly formal or bound by convention
  • converge - verb come together so as to form a single product; move or draw together at a certain location; be adjacent or come together; approach a limit as the number of terms increases without limit
  • convergence - noun the act of converging (coming closer); the approach of an infinite series to a finite limit; the occurrence of two or more things coming together; a representation of common ground between theories or phenomena
  • convergent - adj. tending to come together from different directions
  • converging - noun the act of converging (coming closer)
  • conversation - noun the use of speech for informal exchange of views or ideas or information etc.
  • conversational - adj. characteristic of informal spoken language or conversation
  • conversely - adv. with the terms of the relation reversed
  • conversion - noun a spiritual enlightenment causing a person to lead a new life; a successful free throw or try for point after a touchdown; the act of changing from one use or function or purpose to another; act of exchanging one type of money or security for another; a change in the units or form of an expression: "conversion from Fahrenheit to Centigrade"; interchange of subject and predicate of a proposition; a change of religion; an event that results in a transformation; (psychiatry) a defense mechanism represses emotional conflicts which are then converted into physical symptoms that have no organic basis
  • convert - noun a person who has been converted to another religious or political belief; verb change in nature, purpose, or function; undergo a chemical change; change the nature, purpose, or function of something; change from one system to another or to a new plan or policy; change religious beliefs, or adopt a religious belief; cause to adopt a new or different faith; make (someone) agree, understand, or realize the truth or validity of something; score (a spare); complete successfully; score an extra point or points after touchdown by kicking the ball through the uprights or advancing the ball into the end zone; exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category; exchange a penalty for a less severe one
  • converted - adj. spiritually reborn or converted
  • convertible - adj. capable of being changed in substance as if by alchemy; capable of being exchanged for or replaced by something of equal value; designed to be changed from one use or form to another; noun a car that has top that can be folded or removed; a sofa that can be converted into a bed; a corporate security (usually bonds or preferred stock) that can be exchanged for another form of security (usually common stock)
  • convex - adj. curving or bulging outward
  • convexity - noun the property possessed by a convex shape; a shape that curves or bulges outward
  • convey - verb make known; pass on, of information; transmit a title or property; transfer to another; serve as a means for expressing something; go or come after and bring or take back; take something or somebody with oneself somewhere; transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  • conveyance - noun act of transferring property title from one person to another; something that serves as a means of transportation; the transmission of information; document effecting a property transfer; the act of moving something from one location to another
  • conveyed - adj. sent or carried from one place to another
  • conveyer - noun a person who conveys (carries or transmits); a moving belt that transports objects (as in a factory)
  • conveying - noun act of transferring property title from one person to another
  • conviction - noun (criminal law) a final judgment of guilty in a criminal case and the punishment that is imposed; an unshakable belief in something without need for proof or evidence
  • convince - verb make (someone) agree, understand, or realize the truth or validity of something
  • convinced - adj. persuaded of; very sure; having a strong belief or conviction
  • convincing - adj. causing one to believe the truth of something
  • convoluted - adj. rolled or coiled together; highly complex or intricate
  • convolution - noun the action of coiling or twisting or winding together; a convex fold or elevation in the surface of the brain; the shape of something rotating rapidly
  • convolvulus - noun any of numerous plants of the genus Convolvulus
  • convulsion - noun a physical disturbance such as an earthquake or upheaval; a violent disturbance; violent uncontrollable contractions of muscles; a sudden uncontrollable attack
  • convulsive - adj. affected by involuntary jerky muscular contractions; resembling a spasm; resembling a convulsion in being sudden and violent
  • coo - noun the sound made by a pigeon; verb cry softly, as of pigeons; speak softly or lovingly
  • cook - noun someone who cooks food; English navigator who claimed the east coast of Australia for Britain and discovered several Pacific islands (1728-1779); verb transform and make suitable for consumption by heating; transform by heating; prepare for eating by applying heat; prepare a hot meal; fake or falsify
  • cooke - noun United States financier who marketed Union bonds to finance the American Civil War; the failure of his bank resulted in a financial panic in 1873 (1821-1905); United States journalist (born in England in 1908)
  • cooked - adj. having been prepared for eating by the application of heat
  • cooking - noun the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
  • cool - adj. marked by calm self-control (especially in trying circumstances); unemotional; fashionable and attractive at the time; often skilled or socially adept; (used of a number or sum) without exaggeration or qualification; neither warm nor very cold; giving relief from heat; psychologically cool and unenthusiastic; unfriendly or unresponsive or showing dislike; (color) inducing the impression of coolness; used especially of greens and blues and violets; noun the quality of being at a refreshingly low temperature; great coolness and composure under strain; verb loose heat; lose intensity; make cool or cooler
  • cooler - noun a refrigerator for cooling liquids; a cell for violent prisoners; an iced drink especially white wine and fruit juice
  • cooling - noun the process of becoming cooler; a falling temperature; a mechanism for keeping something cool
  • coolness - noun fearless self-possession in the face of danger; calm and unruffled self-assurance; a lack of affection or enthusiasm; the property of being moderately cold
  • cooper - noun a craftsman who makes or repairs wooden barrels or tubs; United States novelist noted for his stories of American Indians and the frontier life (1789-1851); United States film actor noted for his portrayals of strong silent heroes (1901-1961); United States industrialist who built the first American locomotive; founded Cooper Union in New York City to offer free courses in the arts and sciences (1791-1883); verb make barrels and casks
  • cooperate - verb work together on a common enterprise of project
  • cooperation - noun the practice of cooperating; joint operation or action
  • cooperative - adj. done with or working with others for a common purpose or benefit; willing to adjust to differences in order to obtain agreement; involving the joint activity of two or more; noun a jointly owned commercial enterprise (usually organized by farmers or consumers) that produces and distributes goods and services and is run for the benefit of its owners; an association formed and operated for the benefit of those using it
  • coordinate - adj. of equal importance, rank, or degree; noun a number that identifies a position relative to an axis; verb bring into common action, movement, or condition; be co-ordinated; bring order and organization to; bring (components or parts) into proper or desirable coordination correlation
  • coordinated - adj. being dexterous in the use of more than one set of muscle movements; operating as a unit; intentionally matched
  • coordinating - adj. serving to connect two grammatical constituents of identical construction
  • coordination - noun the regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operation; the skillful and effective interaction of movements; the grammatical relation of two constituents having the same grammatical form
  • copaiba - noun an oleoresin used in varnishes and ointments
  • copal - noun a brittle aromatic resin used in varnishes
  • cope - noun brick that is laid sideways at the top of a wall; verb come to terms or deal successfully with
  • copenhagen - noun the capital and largest city of Denmark; located on the island of Zealand
  • copious - adj. large in number or quantity (especially of discourse); affording an abundant supply
  • copper - noun any of various small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae having coppery wings; a reddish-brown color resembling the color of polished copper; a copper penny; a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor; uncomplimentary terms for a policeman; verb coat with a layer of copper
  • coprolalia - noun an uncontrollable use of obscene language; often accompanied by mental disorders
  • copy - noun a secondary representation of an original; matter to be printed; exclusive of graphical materials; material suitable for a journalistic account; a reproduction of a written record (e.g. of a legal or school record); verb make a replica of; copy down as is; reproduce or make an exact copy of; reproduce someone's behavior or looks
  • copyist - noun someone employed to make written copies of documents and manuscripts
  • copyright - noun a document granting exclusive right to publish and sell literary or musical or artistic work; verb secure a copyright on a written work
  • copyrighted - adj. (of literary or musical or dramatic or artistic work) protected by copyright
  • cora - noun (Greek mythology) daughter of Zeus and Demeter; made queen of the underworld by Pluto in ancient mythology; identified with Roman Proserpina
  • cord - noun a line made of twisted fibers or threads; a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton; a light insulated conductor for household use; a unit of amount of wood cut for burning; 128 cubic feet; verb bind or tie with a cord; stack in cords
  • corded - adj. of textiles; having parallel raised lines
  • cordia - noun tropical deciduous or evergreen trees or shrubs of the family Boraginaceae
  • cordial - adj. sincerely or intensely felt; showing warm and heartfelt friendliness; diffusing warmth and friendliness; noun strong highly flavored sweet liquor usually drunk after a meal
  • cordiform - adj. (of a leaf) shaped like a heart
  • cords - noun cotton trousers made of corduroy cloth
  • core - noun a bar of magnetic material (as soft iron) that passes through a coil and serves to increase the inductance of the coil; the chamber of a nuclear reactor containing the fissile material where the reaction takes place; a small group of indispensable persons or things; the center of an object; the central part of the Earth; a cylindrical sample of soil or rock obtained with a hollow drill; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work; an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality; verb remove the core or center from
  • coriander - noun parsley-like herb used as seasoning or garnish; dried coriander seeds used whole or ground; Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley
  • coriandrum - noun small genus of annual Mediterranean herbs
  • corium - noun the deep vascular inner layer of the skin
  • cork - noun the plug in the mouth of a bottle (especially a wine bottle); a port city in southern Ireland; outer bark of the cork oak; used for stoppers for bottles etc.; a small float usually made of cork; attached to a fishing line; (botany) outer tissue of bark; a protective layer of dead cells; verb stuff with cork; close a bottle with a cork
  • corked - adj. (of wine) tainted in flavor by a cork containing excess tannin; sealed with a cork
  • corm - noun solid swollen underground bulb-shaped stem or stem base and serving as a reproductive structure
  • corn - noun something sentimental or trite; ears of corn grown for human food; tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times; (Great Britain) any of various cereal plants (especially the dominant crop of the region--wheat in England or oats in Scotland and Ireland); the dried grains or kernels or corn used as animal feed or ground for meal; a hard thickening of the skin (especially on the top or sides of the toes) caused by the pressure of ill-fitting shoes; whiskey distilled from a mash of not less than 80 percent corn; verb preserve with salt; feed (cattle) with corn
  • cornea - noun transparent anterior portion of the outer covering of the eye; it covers the lens and iris and is continuous with the sclera
  • corneal - adj. of or related to the cornea
  • corned - adj. (used especially of meat) cured in brine
  • cornell - noun United States businessman who unified the telegraph system in the United States and who in 1865 (with Andrew D. White) founded Cornell University (1807-1874); United States actress noted for her performances in Broadway plays (1893-1974)
  • corneous - adj. made of horn (or of a substance resembling horn)
  • corner - noun the intersection of two streets; (architecture) solid exterior angle of a building; especially one formed by a cornerstone; an interior angle formed be two meeting walls; the point where two lines meet or intersect; a place off to the side of an area; a remote area; the point where three areas or surfaces meet or intersect; a projecting part where two sides or edges meet; a predicament from which a skillful or graceful escape is impossible; a temporary monopoly on a kind of commercial trade; a small concavity; verb turn a corner; force a person or an animal into a position from which he cannot escape; gain control over
  • cornered - adj. forced to turn and face attackers
  • corneum - noun the outermost layer of the epidermis consisting of dead cells that slough off
  • cornu - noun (anatomy) any structure that resembles a horn in shape
  • corona - noun a long cigar with blunt ends; (anatomy) any structure that resembles a crown in shape; one or more circles of light seen around a luminous object; (botany) the trumpet-shaped or cup-shaped outgrowth of the corolla of a daffodil or narcissus flower; the outermost region of the sun's atmosphere; visible as a white halo during a solar eclipse; an electrical discharge accompanied by ionization of surrounding atmosphere
  • coronal - noun flower arrangement consisting of a circular band of foliage or flowers for ornamental purposes
  • coronary - adj. surrounding like a crown (especially of the blood vessels surrounding the heart); noun obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • corporation - noun a business firm whose articles of incorporation have been approved in some state; slang for a paunch
  • corporeal - adj. having material or physical form or substance; affecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit
  • corps - noun an army unit usually consisting of two or more divisions and their support; a body of people associated together
  • corpulence - noun the property of excessive fatness
  • corpus - noun the main part of an organ or other bodily structure; a collection of writings; capital as contrasted with the income derived from it
  • corpuscle - noun either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets; (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
  • correct - adj. free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth; socially right or correct; in accord with accepted standards of usage or procedure; correct in opinion or judgment; verb treat a defect; make right or correct; alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard; censure severely; go down in value; make reparations or amends for; punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience; adjust for
  • corrected - adj. having something undesirable neutralized; punished for misbehavior
  • correction - noun the act of offering an improvement to replace a mistake; setting right; treatment of a specific defect; a drop in stock market activity or stock prices following a period of increases; something substituted for an error; a rebuke for making a mistake; a quantity that is added or subtracted in order to increase the accuracy of a scientific measure; the act of punishing
  • corrective - adj. tending or intended to correct or counteract or restore to a normal condition; designed to promote discipline; noun a device for treating injury or disease
  • correctness - noun conformity to fact or truth; the quality of conformity to social expectations
  • correlation - noun a statistical relation between two or more variables such that systematic changes in the value of one variable are accompanied by systematic changes in the other; a reciprocal relation between two or more things; a statistic representing how closely two variables co-vary; it can vary from -1 (perfect negative correlation) through 0 (no correlation) to +1 (perfect positive correlation)
  • correspond - verb exchange messages; be equivalent or parallel, in mathematics; be compatible, similar or consistent; coincide in their characteristics; take the place of or be parallel or equivalent to
  • correspondence - noun communication by the exchange of letters; compatibility of observations; similarity by virtue of corresponding; (mathematics) an attribute of a shape or relation; exact reflection of form on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane; a function such that for every element of one set there is a unique element of another set; the relation of corresponding in degree or size or amount
  • corresponding - adj. agreeing in amount, magnitude, or degree; accompanying; similar especially in position or purpose; conforming in every respect
  • corridor - noun an enclosed passageway; rooms usually open onto it
  • corroborated - adj. supported or established by evidence or proof
  • corroboration - noun confirmation that some fact or statement is true
  • corrode - verb become destroyed by water, air, or an etching chemical such as an acid; cause to deteriorate due to the action of water, air, or an acid
  • corroded - adj. eaten away as by acid or oxidation
  • corrosion - noun erosion by chemical action; a state of deterioration in metals caused by oxidation or chemical action
  • corrosive - adj. of a substance, especially a strong acid; capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action; noun a substance having the tendency to cause corrosion (such a strong acids or alkali)
  • cortex - noun the tissue forming the outer layer of an organ or structure in plant or animal; the layer of unmyelinated neurons (the grey matter) forming the cortex of the cerebrum
  • cortical - adj. of or relating to a cortex
  • coryza - noun an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose (usually associated with nasal discharge)
  • cos - noun lettuce with long dark-green leaves in a loosely packed elongated head; ratio of the adjacent side to the hypotenuse of a right-angled triangle
  • cosmetic - adj. serving an aesthetic purpose in beautifying the body; serving an esthetic rather than a useful purpose; noun a toiletry designed to beautify the body
  • cost - noun the total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor; the property of having material worth (often indicated by the amount of money something would bring if sold); value measured by what must be given or done or undergone to obtain something; verb require to lose, suffer, or sacrifice; be priced at
  • costa - noun a riblike part of a plant or animal (such as a middle rib of a leaf or a thickened vein of an insect wing); any of the 12 pairs of curved arches of bone extending from the spine to or toward the sternum in humans (and similar bones in most vertebrates)
  • costal - adj. of or relating to or near a rib
  • costive - adj. retarding evacuation of feces
  • costly - adj. having a high price; entailing great loss or sacrifice
  • costs - noun pecuniary reimbursement to the winning party for the expenses of litigation
  • cot - noun a small bed that folds up for storage or transport; baby bed with high sides made of slats; a sheath worn to protect a finger
  • cottage - noun a small house with a single story
  • cotton - noun fabric woven from cotton fibers; thread made of cotton fibers; erect bushy mallow plant or small tree bearing bolls containing seeds with many long hairy fibers; soft silky fibers from cotton plants in their raw state; verb take a liking to
  • cotton plant - noun erect bushy mallow plant or small tree bearing bolls containing seeds with many long hairy fibers
  • cotton wool - noun soft silky fibers from cotton plants in their raw state
  • cottonseed - noun seed of cotton plants; source of cottonseed oil
  • cottony - adj. resembling cotton; as soft as cotton
  • couch - noun a narrow bed on which a patient lies during psychiatric or psychoanalytic treatment; a flat coat of paint or varnish used by artists as a primer; an upholstered seat for more than one person; verb formulate in a particular style or language
  • couch grass - noun European grass spreading rapidly by creeping rhizomes; naturalized in North America as a weed
  • cough - noun the act of exhaling air suddenly with a noise; sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis; verb exhale abruptly, as when one has a chest cold or congestion
  • coughing - noun the act of exhaling air suddenly with a noise; sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis
  • coulomb - noun French physicist famous for his discoveries in the field of electricity and magnetism; formulated Coulomb's Law (1736-1806); a unit of electrical charge equal to the amount of charge transferred by a current of 1 ampere in 1 second
  • counsel - noun something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action; a lawyer who pleads cases in court; verb give advice to
  • count - noun the act of counting; a nobleman (in various countries) having rank equal to a British earl; the total number counted; verb include as if by counting; have faith or confidence in; name or recite the numbers; determine the number or amount of; have weight; have import, carry weight; put into a group; take account of; show consideration for; take into account
  • countenance - noun the appearance conveyed by a person's face; the human face (`kisser' and `smiler' and `mug' are informal terms for `face' and `phiz' is British); formal and explicit approval; verb consent to, give permission
  • counter - adj. indicating opposition or resistance; adv. in the opposite direction; noun table consisting of a horizontal surface over which business is transacted; a calculator that keeps a record of the number of times something happens; a piece of leather forming the back of a shoe or boot; game equipment used in various card or board games; (computer science) a register whose contents go through a regular series of states (usually states indicating consecutive integers); a person who counts things; a return punch (especially by a boxer); a piece of furniture that stands at the side of a dining room; has shelves and drawers; a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one); verb speak in response; act in advance of; deal with ahead of time
  • counteract - verb oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions; destroy property or hinder normal operations; act in opposition to; oppose or check by a counteraction
  • counterbalance - noun a compensating equivalent; a weight that balances another weight; equality of distribution; verb oppose and mitigate the effects of by contrary actions; oppose with equal weight or force; adjust for
  • counterirritant - noun a medicine applied locally to produce superficial inflammation in order to reduce deeper inflammation
  • counterpart - noun a duplicate copy; a person or thing having the same function or characteristics as another
  • counterpoise - noun a weight that balances another weight; verb constitute a counterweight or counterbalance to
  • counterstain - noun a stain of contrasting color that is used when the principal stain does not show the structure clearly
  • country - noun the territory occupied by a nation; an area outside of cities and towns; the people who live in a nation or country; a politically organized body of people under a single government; a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography)
  • county - noun a region created by territorial division for the purpose of local government; the largest administrative district within a state
  • coup - noun a brilliant and notable success; a sudden and decisive change of government illegally or by force
  • couple - noun a pair who associate with one another; a pair of people who live together; (physics) something joined by two equal and opposite forces that act along parallel lines; two items of the same kind; a small indefinite number; verb link together; bring two objects, ideas, or people together; make love; form a pair or pairs
  • coupled - adj. connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks; joined together especially in a pair or pairs
  • couplet - noun a stanza consisting of two successive lines of verse; usually rhymed; two items of the same kind
  • courage - noun a quality of spirit that enables you to face danger or pain without showing fear
  • course - adv. as might be expected; noun a mode of action; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings; facility consisting of a circumscribed area of land or water laid out for a sport; (construction) a layer of masonry; part of a meal served at one time; a connected series of events or actions or developments; general line of orientation; a line or route along which something travels or moves; verb hunt with hounds; move swiftly through or over; move along, of liquids
  • coursing - noun hunting with dogs (usually greyhounds) that are trained to chase game (such as hares) by sight instead of by scent
  • court - noun respectful deference; an area wholly or partly surrounded by walls or buildings; a specially marked horizontal area within which a game is played; a room in which a lawcourt sits; the residence of a sovereign or nobleman; the sovereign and his advisers who are the governing power of a state; the family and retinue of a sovereign or prince; an assembly (including one or more judges) to conduct judicial business; Australian woman tennis player who won many major championships (born in 1947); a hotel for motorists; provides direct access from rooms to parking area; verb engage in social activities leading to marriage; make amorous advances towards; seek someone's favor
  • court plaster - noun a plaster composed of isinglass on silk; formerly used to dress superficial wounds
  • courtesy - noun a courteous or respectful or considerate act; a courteous manner; a courteous or respectful or considerate remark
  • cover - noun fire that makes it difficult for the enemy to fire on your own individuals or formations; the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it; a false identity and background (especially one created for an undercover agent); a recording of a song that was first recorded or made popular by somebody else; the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book; bedding that keeps a person warm in bed; a covering that serves to conceal or shelter something; covering for a hole (especially a hole in the top of a container); a natural object that covers or envelops; a fixed charge by a restaurant or night club over and above the charge for food and drink; verb clothe, as if for protection from the elements; protect by insurance; maintain a check on; especially by patrolling; deal with verbally or in some form of artistic expression; hold within range of an aimed firearm; protect or defend (a position in a game); be responsible for guarding an opponent in a game; play a higher card than the one previously played; form a cover over; provide with a covering or cause to be covered; spread over a surface to conceal or protect; hide from view or knowledge; be sufficient to meet, defray, or offset the charge or cost of; to take an action to protect against future problems; help out by taking someone's place and temporarily assuming his responsibilities; invest with a large or excessive amount of something; make up for shortcomings or a feeling of inferiority by exaggerating good qualities; provide for; span an interval of distance, space or time; sit on (eggs); be responsible for reporting the details of, as in journalism; put something on top of something else; copulate with a female, used especially of horses; cover as if with a shroud; travel across or pass over; include in scope; include as part of something broader; have as one's sphere or territory
  • cover glass - noun a small and very thing piece of glass used to cover the specimen on a microscope slide
  • cover slip - noun a small and very thing piece of glass used to cover the specimen on a microscope slide
  • covered - adj. overlaid or spread or topped with or enclosed within something; sometimes used as a combining form
  • covering - noun the act of protecting something by covering it; an artifact that covers something else (usually to protect or shelter or conceal it); a natural object that covers or envelops; the work of applying something; the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it
  • cow - noun mature female of mammals of which the male is called `bull'; female of domestic cattle: "`moo-cow' is a child's term"; a large unpleasant woman; verb subdue, restrain, or overcome by affecting with a feeling of awe; frighten (as with threats)
  • cows - noun domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age
  • cowl - noun a loose hood or hooded robe (as worn by a monk); protective covering consisting of a metal part that covers the engine; verb cover with or as with a cowl
  • cowpox - noun a viral disease of cattle causing a mild skin disease affecting the udder; formerly used to inoculate humans against smallpox
  • cows - noun domesticated bovine animals as a group regardless of sex or age
  • coxa - noun the ball-and-socket joint between the head of the femur and the acetabulum
  • cr - noun a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • crab - noun a stroke of the oar that either misses the water or digs too deeply; decapod having eyes on short stalks and a broad flattened carapace with a small abdomen folded under the thorax and pincers; the edible flesh of any of various crabs; a quarrelsome grouch; infests the pubic region of the human body; the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer; verb fish for crab; scurry sideways like a crab; direct (an aircraft) into a crosswind; complain
  • crabs - noun infestation of the pubic hair by crab lice
  • crack - adj. of the highest quality; noun a usually brief attempt; a purified and potent form of cocaine that is smoked rather than snorted; a blemish resulting from a break without complete separation of the parts; a sudden sharp noise; a long narrow opening; the act of cracking something; a narrow opening; witty remark; a long narrow depression in a surface; a chance to do something; verb break into simpler molecules by means of heat; reduce (petroleum) to a simpler compound by cracking; become fractured; break or crack on the surface only; cause to become cracked; break partially but keep its integrity; tell spontaneously; hit forcefully; deal a hard blow, making a cracking noise; make a very sharp explosive sound; break suddenly and abruptly, as under tension; pass through (a barrier); suffer a nervous breakdown; make a sharp sound
  • cracked - adj. informal or slang terms for mentally irregular; of paint or varnish; having the appearance of alligator hide; used of skin roughened as a result of cold or exposure
  • crackers - adj. informal or slang terms for mentally irregular
  • cracking - adj. very good; noun the process whereby heavy molecules of naphtha or petroleum are broken down into hydrocarbons of lower molecular weight (especially in the oil-refining process); the act of cracking something; a sudden sharp noise
  • crackling - noun the sharp sound of snapping noises; the residue that remains after animal fat has been rendered
  • cradle - noun a baby bed with sides and rockers; birth of a person; a trough that can be rocked back and forth; used by gold miners to shake auriferous earth in water in order to separate the gold; where something originated or was nurtured in its early existence; verb run with the stick; hold gently and carefully; wash in a cradle; cut grain with a cradle scythe; hold or place in or as if in a cradle; bring up from infancy
  • cramp - noun a strip of metal with ends bent at right angles; used to hold masonry together; a clamp for holding pieces of wood together while they are glued; a painful and involuntary muscular contraction; verb secure with a cramp; prevent the progress or free movement of
  • cranial - adj. of or relating to the cranium which encloses the brain
  • craniotomy - noun a surgical opening through the skull
  • cranium - noun the part of the skull that encloses the brain
  • crank - adj. (used of boats) inclined to heel over easily under sail; noun a hand tool consisting of a rotating shaft with parallel handle; an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant; a whimsically eccentric person; a bad-tempered person; verb bend into the shape of a crank; fasten with a crank; rotate with a crank; start by cranking; travel along a zigzag path
  • cravat - noun neckwear worn in a slipknot with long ends overlapping vertically in front
  • craving - noun an intense desire for some particular thing
  • craw - noun a pouch in many birds and some lower animals that resembles a stomach for storage and preliminary maceration of food
  • crawl - noun a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body; a very slow movement; a swimming stroke; arms are moved alternately overhead accompanied by a flutter kick; verb move slowly; in the case of people or animals with the body near the ground; swim by doing the crawl; be crawling with; feel as if crawling with insects; show submission or fear
  • crawling - noun a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body
  • crayon - noun writing implement consisting of a colored stick of composition wax used for writing and drawing; verb write, draw, or trace with a crayon
  • creak - noun a squeaking sound; verb make a high-pitched, screeching noise
  • creaking - adj. having a rasping or grating sound; noun a squeaking sound
  • cream - noun toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin; the part of milk containing the butterfat; the best people or things in a group; verb add cream to one's coffee, for example; put on cream, as on one's face or body; beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight; make creamy by beating; remove from the surface
  • creamy - adj. of the color of cream; thick like cream
  • crease - noun a Malayan dagger with a wavy blade; a slight depression in the smoothness of a surface; an angular or rounded shape made by folding; verb become wrinkled or crumpled or creased; scrape gently; make wrinkled or creased; make wrinkles or creases into a smooth surface
  • create - verb create by artistic means; pursue a creative activity; be engaged in a creative activity; bring into existence; invest with a new title, office, or rank; make or cause to be or to become; create or manufacture a man-made product
  • creatin - noun an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction
  • creation - noun (theology) God's act of bringing the universe into existence; the human act of creating; an artifact that has been brought into existence by someone; the event that occurred at the beginning of something; the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new; everything that exists anywhere
  • creature - noun a human being; `wight' is an archaic term; a person who is controlled by others and is used to perform unpleasant or dishonest tasks for someone else; a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • cred - noun credibility among young fashionable urban individuals
  • credibility - noun the quality of being believable or trustworthy
  • credit - noun used in the phrase `to your credit' in order to indicate an achievement deserving praise; recognition by a college or university that a course of studies has been successfully completed; typically measured in semester hours; an entry on a list of persons who contributed to a film or written work; arrangement for deferred payment for goods and services; money available for a client to borrow; an accounting entry acknowledging income or capital items; approval; a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage; verb have trust in; trust in the truth or veracity of; give someone credit for something; accounting: enter as credit; give credit for
  • creditable - adj. worthy of often limited commendation
  • credited - adj. (usually followed by `to') given credit for
  • creep - noun a pen that is fenced so that young animals can enter but adults cannot; a slow longitudinal movement or deformation; someone unpleasantly strange or eccentric; a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body; verb move slowly; in the case of people or animals with the body near the ground; to go stealthily or furtively; grow in such a way as to cover (a building); show submission or fear
  • creeping - noun a slow mode of locomotion on hands and knees or dragging the body
  • creeps - noun a feeling of fear and revulsion; a disease of cattle and sheep attributed to a dietary deficiency; characterized by anemia and softening of the bones and a slow stiff gait
  • cremation - noun the incineration of a dead body
  • creosol - noun a colorless to yellow aromatic liquid that is a constituent of creosote
  • creosote - noun a dark oily liquid obtained by distillation of coal tar; used as a preservative for wood; a colorless or yellowish oily liquid obtained by distillation of wood tar; used as an antiseptic; verb treat with creosote
  • crescent - adj. resembling the new moon in shape; noun any shape resembling the curved shape of the moon in its first or last quarters
  • cresol - noun any of three poisonous colorless isomeric phenols; derived from coal or wood tar; used as a disinfectant
  • cress - noun pungent leaves of any of numerous cruciferous herbs; any of various plants of the family Cruciferae with edible leaves that have a pungent taste
  • crest - noun a showy growth of e.g. feathers or skin on the head of a bird or other animal; (heraldry) in medieval times, an emblem used to decorate a helmet; the top line of a hill, mountain, or wave; the center of a cambered road; the top point of a mountain or hill; verb reach a high point; lie at the top of
  • cretaceous - adj. of or relating to or denoting the third period of the Mesozoic era; abounding in chalk; noun from 135 million to 63 million years ago; end of the age of reptiles; appearance of modern insects and flowering plants
  • crete - noun the largest Greek island in the Mediterranean; site of the Minoan civilization that reached its peak in 1600 BC
  • cretin - noun a person of subnormal intelligence
  • cretinism - noun severe hypothyroidism resulting in physical and mental stunting
  • crew - noun the men who man a ship or aircraft; the team of men manning a racing shell; an organized group of workmen; an informal body of friends; verb serve as a crew member on
  • crib - noun the cards discarded by players at cribbage; baby bed with high sides made of slats; a bin or granary for storing grains; a card game (usually for two players) in which each player is dealt six cards and discards one or two; a literal translation used in studying a foreign language (often used illicitly); verb line with beams or planks; take unauthorized (intellectual material); use a crib, as in an exam
  • crime - noun (criminal law) an act punishable by law; usually considered an evil act; an evil act not necessarily punishable by law
  • criminal - adj. guilty of crime or serious offense; involving or being or having the nature of a crime; bringing or deserving severe rebuke or censure; noun someone who has committed (or been legally convicted of) a crime
  • crimson - adj. characterized by violence or bloodshed; (especially of the face) reddened or suffused with or as if with blood from emotion or exertion; of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies; noun a deep and vivid red color; verb turn red, as if in embarrassment or shame
  • crinoline - noun a stiff coarse fabric used to stiffen hats or clothing; a full stiff petticoat made of crinoline fabric; a skirt stiffened with hoops
  • crippled - adj. disabled in the feet or legs
  • crippling - adj. that cripples or disables or incapacitates
  • crisis - noun a crucial stage or turning point in the course of something; an unstable situation of extreme danger or difficulty
  • crisp - adj. brief and to the point; effectively cut short; (of something seen or heard) clearly defined; of hair in small tight curls; pleasingly firm and fresh and making a crunching noise when chewed; pleasantly cold and invigorating; tender and brittle; noun a thin crisp slice of potato fried in deep fat; verb make brown and crisp by heating; make wrinkles or creases into a smooth surface
  • criterion - noun the ideal in terms of which something can be judged; a basis for comparison; a reference point against which other things can be evaluated
  • critical - adj. marked by a tendency to find and call attention to errors and flaws; characterized by careful evaluation and judgment; being in or verging on a state of crisis or emergency; at or of a point at which a property or phenomenon suffers an abrupt change especially having enough mass to sustain a chain reaction; forming or having the nature of a turning point or crisis; urgently needed; absolutely necessary; of or involving or characteristic of critics or criticism
  • criticism - noun a serious examination and judgment of something; a written evaluation of a work of literature; disapproval expressed by pointing out faults or shortcomings
  • cro - noun electronic equipment that provides visual images of varying electrical quantities
  • crook - noun a long staff with one end being hook shaped; someone who has committed (or been legally convicted of) a crime; a circular segment of a curve; verb bend or cause to bend
  • crookes - noun English chemist and physicist; discovered thallium; invented the radiometer and studied cathode rays (1832-1919)
  • crop - noun the stock or handle of a whip; the output of something in a season; a collection of people or things appearing together; a cultivated plant that is grown commercially on a large scale; the yield from plants in a single growing season; a pouch in many birds and some lower animals that resembles a stomach for storage and preliminary maceration of food; verb cut short; feed as in a meadow or pasture; let feed in a field or pasture or meadow; yield crops; cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth of; prepare for crops
  • cropped - adj. (of land or soil) used for growing crops
  • cross - adj. extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis; perversely irritable; noun a representation of the structure on which Jesus was crucified; used as an emblem of Christianity or in heraldry; a wooden structure consisting of an upright post with a transverse piece; any affliction that causes great suffering; (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids; an organism that is the offspring of genetically dissimilar parents or stock; especially offspring produced by breeding plants or animals of different varieties or breeds or species; a marking that consists of lines that cross each other; verb trace a line through or across; meet and pass; fold so as to resemble a cross; to cover or extend over an area or time period; breed animals or plants using parents of different races and varieties; travel across or pass over; meet at a point; hinder or prevent (the efforts, plans, or desires) of
  • cross-examination - noun (law) close questioning of a hostile witness in a court of law to discredit or throw a new light on the testimony already provided in direct examination
  • cross-examiner - noun someone who questions a witness carefully (especially about testimony given earlier)
  • cross-section - adj. representing a plane made by cutting across something at right angles to its length
  • crossed - adj. placed crosswise; (of a check) marked for deposit only as indicated by having two lines drawn across it; produced by crossbreeding
  • crossing - noun traveling across; a voyage across a body of water (usually across the Atlantic Ocean); a path (often marked) where something (as a street or railroad) can be crossed to get from one side to the other; a point where two lines (paths or arcs etc.) intersect; (genetics) the act of mixing different species or varieties of animals or plants and thus to produce hybrids; a junction where one street or road crosses another; a shallow area in a stream that can be forded
  • crotalus - noun large rattlesnakes; seldom bite unless startled or pursuing prey
  • crotch - noun the angle formed by the inner sides of the legs where they join the human trunk; external sex organ; the region of the angle formed by the junction of two branches
  • croton - noun tropical Asiatic shrub; source of croton oil; grown in many varieties for their brightly colored foliage; widely cultivated as a houseplant
  • croton oil - noun viscid acrid brownish-yellow oil from the seeds of Croton tiglium having a violent cathartic action
  • crouching - adj. squatting close to the ground
  • croup - noun a disease of infants and young children; harsh coughing and hoarseness and fever and difficult breathing; the part of a quadruped that corresponds to the human buttocks
  • croupy - adj. resembling or arising from or indicating croup
  • crowd - noun a large number of things or people considered together; an informal body of friends; verb to gather together in large numbers; fill or occupy to the point of overflowing; cause to herd, drive, or crowd together; approach a certain age or speed
  • crowded - adj. overfilled or compacted or concentrated
  • crowding - noun a situation in which people or things are crowded together
  • crowing - adj. exhibiting self-importance; noun an instance of boastful talk
  • crown - noun the part of a hat (the vertex) that covers the crown of the head; an ornamental jewelled headdress signifying sovereignty; a wreath or garland worn on the head to signify victory; the center of a cambered road; the part of a tooth above the gum that is covered with enamel; the Crown (or the reigning monarch) as the symbol of the power and authority of a monarchy; the upper branches and leaves of a tree; an English coin worth 5 shillings; the top of the head; the award given to the champion; the top point of a mountain or hill; verb be the culminating event; put an enamel cover on; invest with regal power; enthrone; form the topmost part of
  • crowned - adj. provided with or as if with a crown or a crown as specified; often used in combination; having an artificial crown on a tooth; crowned with or as if with laurel symbolizing victory
  • crucial - adj. of extreme importance; vital to the resolution of a crisis; having the power or quality of deciding; having crucial relevance; of the greatest importance
  • crude - adj. not processed or subjected to analysis; belonging to an early stage of technical development; characterized by simplicity and (often) crudeness; not carefully or expertly made; devoid of any qualifications or disguise or adornment; conspicuously and tastelessly indecent; not refined or processed; noun a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
  • cruelty - noun a cruel act; a deliberate infliction of pain and suffering; the quality of being cruel and causing tension or annoyance; feelings of extreme heartlessness
  • crumble - verb break or fall apart into fragments; fall apart; fall into decay or ruin
  • crural - adj. of or relating the leg from the knee to the foot
  • crus - noun the leg from the knee to foot
  • crush - noun the act of crushing; a dense crowd of people; temporary love of an adolescent; leather that has had its grain pattern accentuated; verb break into small pieces; become injured, broken, or distorted by pressure; humiliate or depress completely; come out better in a competition, race, or conflict; make ineffective; crush or bruise; to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition; come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority
  • crushed - adj. treated so as to have a permanently wrinkled appearance; subdued or brought low in condition or status
  • crusher - noun a device that crushes something
  • crushing - adj. physically or spiritually devastating; often used in combination; noun forceful prevention; putting down by power or authority
  • crust - noun the trait of being rude and impertinent; inclined to take liberties; the outer layer of the Earth; a hard outer layer that covers something; verb form a crust or form into a crust
  • crusted - adj. having a hardened crust as a covering
  • crutch - noun anything that serves as an expedient; a wooden or metal staff that fits under the armpit and reaches to the ground; used by disabled person while walking
  • crux - noun the most important point; a small conspicuous constellation in the southern hemisphere in the Milky Way near Centaurus
  • cry - noun a fit of weeping; a loud utterance; often in protest or opposition; a loud utterance of emotion (especially when inarticulate); the characteristic utterance of an animal; a slogan used to rally support for a cause; verb shed tears because of sadness, rage, or pain; bring into a particular state by crying; proclaim or announce in public; utter a characteristic sound; demand immediate action; utter aloud; often with surprise, horror, or joy; utter a sudden loud cry
  • crying - adj. conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible; noisy with or as if with loud cries and shouts; demanding attention; noun the process of shedding tears (usually accompanied by sobs or other inarticulate sounds)
  • crystal - noun a protective cover that protects the face of a watch; glassware made of quartz; a crystalline element used as a component in various electronic devices; a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has regularly repeating internal structure; external plane faces; a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and having a highly regular atomic structure; colorless glass made of almost pure silica
  • crystalline - adj. consisting of or containing or of the nature of crystals; transmitting light; able to be seen through with clarity; distinctly or sharply outlined
  • crystallization - noun a mental synthesis that becomes fixed or concrete by a process resembling crystal formation; the formation of crystals; a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has regularly repeating internal structure; external plane faces
  • crystallized - adj. having both internal structure and external form of a crystal; having become fixed and definite in form
  • cu - noun a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor
  • cuba - noun the largest island in the West Indies; a communist state in the Caribbean on the island of Cuba
  • cube - noun a block in the (approximate) shape of a cube; any of several tropical American woody plants of the genus Lonchocarpus whose roots are used locally as a fish poison and commercially as a source of rotenone; the product of three equal terms; a hexahedron with six equal squares as faces; a three-dimensional shape with six square or rectangular sides; verb raise to the third power; cut into cubes
  • cubeb - noun a cigarette containing cubeb; tropical southeast Asian shrubby vine bearing spicy berrylike fruits; spicy fruit of the cubeb vine; when dried and crushed is used medicinally or in perfumery and sometimes smoked in cigarettes
  • cubic - adj. having three dimensions
  • cubital - adj. of or relating to the elbow
  • cuboid - adj. shaped like a cube; noun a rectangular parallelepiped
  • cucumber - noun cylindrical green fruit with thin green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable; related to melons; a melon vine of the genus Cucumis; cultivated from earliest times for its cylindrical green fruit
  • cucurbita - noun type genus of the Cucurbitaceae
  • cud - noun food of a ruminant regurgitated to be chewed again; a wad of something chewable as tobacco
  • cuff - noun the lap consisting of a turned-back hem encircling the end of the sleeve or leg; shackle that consists of a metal loop that can be locked around the wrist; usually used in pairs; verb hit with the hand; confine or restrain with or as if with manacles or handcuffs
  • cul - noun a passage with access only at one end
  • culex - noun type genus of the Culicidae: widespread genus of mosquitoes distinguished by holding the body parallel to the resting surface
  • cult - noun a system of religious beliefs and rituals; adherents of an exclusive system of religious beliefs and practices; an interest followed with exaggerated zeal
  • cultivate - verb prepare for crops; foster the growth of; adapt (a wild plant or unclaimed land) to the environment; train to be discriminative in taste or judgment
  • cultivated - adj. (of land or fields) prepared for raising crops by plowing or fertilizing; no longer in the natural state; developed by human care and for human use; marked by refinement in taste and manners
  • cultivation - noun (agriculture) production of food by preparing the land to grow crops; socialization through training and education; a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
  • cultural - adj. denoting or deriving from or distinctive of the ways of living built up by a group of people; relating to the raising of plants or animals; of or relating to the shared knowledge and values of a society; of or relating to the arts and manners that a group favors
  • culture - noun the raising of plants or animals; (biology) the growing of microorganisms in a nutrient medium (such as gelatin or agar); the tastes in art and manners that are favored by a social group; the attitudes and behavior that are characteristic of a particular social group or organization; a particular society at a particular time and place; all the knowledge and values shared by a society; a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality
  • culvers root - noun a tall perennial herb having spikes of small white or purple flowers; common in eastern North America
  • cum - noun the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract
  • cumberland - noun a river that rises in southeastern Kentucky and flows westward through northern Tennessee to become a tributary of the Ohio River in southwestern Kentucky; English general; son of George II; fought unsuccessfully in the battle of Fontenoy (1721-1765)
  • cumbersome - adj. difficult to handle or use especially because of size or weight; not elegant or graceful in expression
  • cumin - noun aromatic seeds of the cumin herb of the carrot family; dwarf Mediterranean annual long cultivated for its aromatic seeds
  • cumulation - noun a collection of objects laid on top of each other
  • cumulative - adj. increasing by successive addition
  • cuneiform - adj. of or relating to the tarsal bones (or other wedge-shaped bones); shaped like a wedge; noun an ancient wedge-shaped script used in Mesopotamia and Persia
  • cuneus - noun any shape that is triangular in cross section
  • cunning - adj. attractive especially by means of smallness or prettiness or quaintness; showing inventiveness and skill; marked by skill in deception; noun crafty artfulness (especially in deception); shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception
  • cup - noun a small open container usually used for drinking; usually has a handle; a large metal vessel with two handles that is awarded as a trophy to the winner of a competition; the hole (or metal container in the hole) on a golf green; a punch served in a pitcher instead of a punch bowl; cup-shaped plant organ; a United States liquid unit equal to 8 fluid ounces; the quantity a cup will hold; any cup-shaped concavity; verb treat by applying evacuated cups to the patient's skin; put into a cup; form into the shape of a cup
  • cup-shaped - adj. shaped like (or supporting) a cupule
  • cupful - noun the quantity a cup will hold
  • cupping - noun a treatment in which evacuated cups are applied to the skin to draw blood through the surface
  • cupric - adj. of or containing divalent copper
  • cuprous - adj. of or containing divalent copper
  • cur - noun an inferior dog or one of mixed breed; a cowardly and despicable person
  • curable - adj. curing or healing is possible; capable of being hardened by some additive or other agent
  • curacao - noun flavored with sour orange peel; a popular island resort in the Netherlands Antilles
  • curacoa - noun flavored with sour orange peel
  • curacy - noun the position of a curate
  • curare - noun a toxic alkaloid found in certain tropical South American trees that is a powerful relaxant for striated muscles
  • curate - noun a person authorized to conduct religious worship
  • curative - adj. tending to cure or restore to health; noun a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain
  • curd - noun coagulated milk; used to made cheese; a coagulated liquid resembling milk curd
  • curdled - adj. transformed from a liquid into a soft semisolid or solid mass
  • cure - noun a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain; verb prepare by drying, salting, or chemical processing in order to preserve; be or become preserved; make (substances) hard and improve their usability; provide a cure for, make healthy again
  • cure-all - noun hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases; once sought by the alchemists
  • cured - adj. (used of hay e.g.) allowed to dry; (used of concrete or mortar) kept moist to assist the hardening; (used of rubber) treated by a chemical or physical process to improve its properties (hardness and strength and odor and elasticity); freed from illness or injury; (used of tobacco) aging as a preservative process (`aged' is pronounced as one syllable); (used especially of meat) cured in brine
  • curet - noun a surgical instrument shaped like a scoop to remove tissue from a bodily cavity
  • curettage - noun surgery to remove tissue or growths from a bodily cavity (as the uterus) by scraping with a curette
  • curette - noun a surgical instrument shaped like a scoop to remove tissue from a bodily cavity
  • curie - noun French chemist (born in Poland) who won two Nobel prizes; one (with her husband and Henri Becquerel) for research on radioactivity and another for her discovery of radium and polonium (1867-1934); French physicist; husband of Marie Curie (1859-1906); a unit of radioactivity equal to the amount of a radioactive isotope that decays at the rate of 37,000,000,000 disintegrations per second
  • curing - noun the process of becoming hard or solid by cooling or drying or crystallization
  • curiosity - noun a state in which you want to learn more about something; something unusual -- perhaps worthy of collecting
  • curious - adj. eager to investigate and learn or learn more (sometimes about others' concerns); beyond or deviating from the usual or expected; having curiosity aroused; eagerly interested in learning more
  • curiously - adv. in a manner differing from the usual or expected; with curiosity
  • curl - noun American chemist who with Richard Smalley and Harold Kroto discovered fullerenes and opened a new branch of chemistry (born in 1933); a strand or cluster of hair; a round shape formed by a series of concentric circles (as formed by leaves or flower petals); verb form a curl, curve, or kink; play the Scottish game of curling; twist or roll into coils or ringlets; wind around something in coils or loops; shape one's body into a curl
  • curled - adj. of hair having curls; drawn up into a ball
  • curling - adj. of hair having curls; noun a game played on ice in which heavy stones with handles are slid toward a target
  • currant - noun any of several tart red or black berries used primarily for jellies and jams; small dried seedless raisin grown in the Mediterranean region and California; used in cooking; any of various deciduous shrubs of the genus Ribes bearing currants
  • current - adj. occurring in or belonging to the present time; noun a steady flow (usually from natural causes); a flow of electricity through a conductor; dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas
  • curriculum - noun an integrated course of academic studies
  • curtain - noun hanging cloth used as a blind (especially for a window); any barrier to communication or vision; verb provide with drapery
  • curvature - noun the property possessed by the curving of a line or surface; the rate of change (at a point) of the angle between a curve and a tangent to the curve; (medicine) a curving or bending; often abnormal
  • curve - noun a pitch of a baseball that is thrown with spin so that its path curves as it approach the batter; a line on a graph representing data; the trace of a point whose direction of motion changes; curved segment (of a road or river or railroad track etc.); the property possessed by the curving of a line or surface; verb form a curl, curve, or kink; turn sharply; change direction abruptly; bend or cause to bend; form an arch or curve; extend in curves and turns
  • curved - adj. having or marked by a curve or smoothly rounded bend
  • curving - adj. having or marked by a curve or smoothly rounded bend
  • cushing - noun United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869-1939)
  • cushion - noun a soft bag filled with air or a mass of padding such as feathers or foam rubber etc.; a mechanical damper; absorbs energy of sudden impulses; verb protect from impact
  • cuspid - noun one of the four pointed conical teeth (two in each jaw) located between the incisors and the premolars
  • cuss - noun profane or obscene expression usually of surprise or anger; a boy or man; a persistently annoying person; verb utter obscenities or profanities
  • cussed - adj. stubbornly persistent in wrongdoing
  • custard - noun sweetened mixture of milk and eggs baked or boiled or frozen
  • custom - adj. made according to the specifications of an individual; noun accepted or habitual practice; habitual patronage; a specific practice of long standing; money collected under a tariff
  • customary - adj. in accordance with convention or custom; commonly used or practiced; usual
  • cut - adj. with parts removed; separated into parts or laid open or penetrated with a sharp edge or instrument; (of pages of a book) having the folds of the leaves trimmed or slit; fashioned or shaped by cutting; mixed with water; (used of rates or prices) reduced usually sharply; wounded by cutting deeply; (of a male animal) having the testicles removed; (used of grass or vegetation) cut down with a hand implement or machine; made neat and tidy by trimming; noun an unexcused absence from class; the act of reducing the amount or number; the act of shortening something by choping off the ends; the act of cutting something into parts; the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge; the division of a deck of cards before dealing; (sports) a stroke that puts reverse spin on the ball; a trench resembling a furrow that was made by erosion or excavation; a canal made by erosion or excavation; the style in which a garment is cut; a distinct selection of music from a recording or a compact disc; (film) an immediate transition from one shot to the next; a piece of meat that has been cut from an animal carcass; a share of the profits; a wound made by cutting; a step on some scale; in baseball; a batter's attempt to hit a pitched ball; a refusal to recognize someone you know; the omission that is made when an editorial change shortens a written passage; a remark capable of wounding mentally; verb grow through the gums; have grow through the gums; cease, stop; have a reducing effect; dissolve by breaking down the fat of; weed out unwanted or unnecessary things; shorten as if by severing the edges or ends of; penetrate injuriously; fell by sawing; hew; reap or harvest; hit (a ball) with a spin so that it turns in the opposite direction; separate with or as if with an instrument; divide a deck of cards at random into two parts to make selection difficult; make an incision or separation; allow incision or separation; function as a cutting instrument; style and tailor in a certain fashion; perform or carry out; form or shape by cutting or incising; form by probing, penetrating, or digging; create by duplicating data; record a performance on (a medium); make a recording of; stop filming; make an abrupt change of image or sound; pass through or across; pass directly and often in haste; move (one's fist); give the appearance or impression of; discharge from a group; intentionally fail to attend; cut off the testicles (of male animals such as horses); cut and assemble the components of; lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture; reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; cut down on; make a reduction in; refuse to acknowledge; make out and issue; cause to stop operating by disengaging a switch; turn sharply; change direction abruptly; be able to manage or manage successfully
  • cutaneous - adj. relating to or existing on or affecting the skin
  • cuticle - noun the dead skin at the base of a fingernail or toenail; hard outer covering or case of certain organisms such as arthropods and turtles; the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
  • cuticular - adj. of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • cutis - noun a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch
  • cutoff - noun a device that terminates the flow in a pipe; a designated limit beyond which something cannot function or must be terminated; a route shorter than the usual one
  • cutting - adj. suitable for cutting or severing; as physically painful as if caused by a sharp instrument; (of speech) harsh or hurtful in tone or character; unpleasantly cold and damp; noun the act of diluting something; a piece cut off from the main part of something; a part (sometimes a root or leaf or bud) removed from a plant to propagate a new plant through rooting or grafting; the act of shortening something by choping off the ends; the act of cutting something into parts; the act of penetrating or opening open with a sharp edge; the division of a deck of cards before dealing; removing parts to create a desired shape; the activity of selecting the scenes to be shown and putting them together to create a film; an excerpt cut from a newspaper or magazine
  • cutting-edge - adj. in accord with the most fashionable ideas or style
  • cv - noun a summary of your academic and work history
  • cwt - noun a British unit of weight equivalent to 112 pounds; a United States unit of weight equivalent to 100 pounds
  • cyanogen - noun a colorless toxic gas with a pungent almond odor; has been used in chemical warfare
  • cyanosis - noun a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; a sign that oxygen in the blood is dangerously diminished (as in carbon monoxide poisoning)
  • cycle - noun a single complete execution of a periodically repeated phenomenon; a periodically repeated sequence of events; a series of poems or songs on the same theme; an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs; a wheeled vehicle that has two wheels and is moved by foot pedals; the unit of frequency; one hertz has a periodic interval of one second; verb recur in repeating sequences; pass through a cycle; cause to go through a recurring sequence; ride a bicycle; ride a motorcycle
  • cyclic - adj. recurring in cycles; of a compound having atoms arranged in a ring structure; botany; forming a whorl or having parts arranged in a whorl; marked by repeated cycles; conforming to the Carnot cycle
  • cycling - noun the sport of traveling on a bicycle or motorcycle
  • cyclopedia - noun a reference work (often in several volumes) containing articles on various topics (often arranged in alphabetical order) dealing with the entire range of human knowledge or with some particular specialty
  • cyclops - noun minute free-swimming freshwater copepod having a large median eye and pear-shaped body and long antennae used in swimming; important in some food chains and as intermediate hosts of parasitic worms that affect man e.g. Guinea worms; (Greek mythology) one of a race of giants having a single eye in the middle of their forehead
  • cylinder - noun a cylindrical container for oxygen or compressed air; a chamber within which piston moves; a solid bounded by a cylindrical surface and two parallel planes (the bases); a surface generated by rotating a parallel line around a fixed line
  • cylindric - adj. having the form of a cylinder
  • cypripedium - noun genus of chiefly American perennial leafy-stemmed orchids: lady's slippers; sometimes includes species of genus Paphiopedilum
  • cyst - noun a closed sac that develops abnormally in some body structure; a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)
  • cystic - adj. of or relating to or resembling a cyst; of or relating to a normal cyst (as the gallbladder or urinary bladder)
  • cystitis - noun inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
  • cystocele - noun hernia in which the urinary bladder protrudes through the wall of the vagina; sometimes occurs after childbirth
  • cytisus - noun large genus of stiff or spiny evergreen or deciduous Old World shrubs: broom
  • cytology - noun the branch of biology that studies the structure and function of cells
  • cytolysis - noun pathological breakdown of cells by the destruction of their outer membrane
  • cytoplasm - noun the protoplasm of a cell excluding the nucleus; is full of proteins that control cell metabolism
  • czerny - noun Austrian virtuoso pianist and composer of many works for the piano; studied with Beethoven and was a teacher of Liszt (1791-1857)

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MeSH