Hip replacement

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Hip replacement

Hip replacement (pronunciation: /hɪp rɪˈpleɪsmənt/) is a surgical procedure in which a damaged or worn-out hip joint is replaced with an artificial one.


The term "hip replacement" is derived from the English words "hip", referring to the joint where the thigh meets the pelvis, and "replacement", indicating the substitution of something with another.


The surgery involves the removal of the damaged hip joint and replacing it with a prosthetic implant. This can be a total hip replacement (replacing the entire hip joint) or a hemiarthroplasty (replacing only part of the hip joint).


Hip replacement is typically recommended for individuals suffering from severe arthritis or hip fractures when other treatments have failed to provide relief.

Risks and Complications

Like any major surgery, hip replacement carries risks including infection, blood clots, and complications from anesthesia. Long-term complications may include prosthetic joint failure and hip dislocation.

Related Terms

  • Arthroplasty: A surgical procedure to restore the function of a joint.
  • Prosthesis: An artificial body part.
  • Orthopedic surgery: The branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system.
  • Osteoarthritis: A type of arthritis that occurs when flexible tissue at the ends of bones wears down.

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