Latin language

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Latin language

Latin (/'lætɪn/; Lingua Latina) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.


The term Latin derives from the Latin word Latinus, which means "from Latium". Latium is the region of central western Italy where the city of Rome was founded.


In English, the pronunciation of Latin is /ˈlætɪn/. In Latin itself, Latinus is pronounced [laˈtiːnʊs].

Related terms

  • Classical Latin: The form of the Latin language recognized as standard by writers of the late Roman Republic and Roman Empire.
  • Vulgar Latin: A generic term for the nonstandard sociolects of Latin from which the Romance languages developed.
  • Medieval Latin: The form of Latin used in Roman Catholic Western Europe during the Middle Ages.
  • Renaissance Latin: The distinctive Latin used in the Renaissance period.
  • New Latin: The revival of Latin in the late Middle Ages and the Renaissance, used in original, scholarly, and scientific works.
  • Contemporary Latin: The form of the Latin language used since the end of the 19th century.

Medical Latin

Medical Latin refers to the Latin language used in the medical field. This includes the Latin names of body parts, diseases, drugs, medical procedures and operations, organisms, and anatomical structures. Medical Latin is a specialized form of Latin and is often used internationally to accurately describe the human body and associated components, conditions, processes and procedures in a science-based manner.

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