Preventive care

Jump to navigation Jump to search

Preventive Care

Preventive care (pronounced: pruh-ven-tiv kehr) is a type of health care that is focused on disease prevention and health maintenance. It includes services such as screenings, check-ups, and patient counseling that are used to prevent illnesses, disease, and other health problems.


The term "preventive care" comes from the Latin word "praeventus", which means "to precede" or "to anticipate", and the Old French word "caresce", which means "to care for". It was first used in the medical context in the late 19th century.

Related Terms

  • Primary Care: This is the day-to-day healthcare given by a health care provider. It includes health promotion, disease prevention, health maintenance, counseling, patient education, diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic illnesses.
  • Secondary Care: This is the health care services provided by medical specialists and other health professionals who generally do not have first contact with patients.
  • Tertiary Care: This is specialized consultative health care, usually for inpatients and on referral from a primary or secondary health professional, in a facility that has personnel and facilities for advanced medical investigation and treatment.
  • Quaternary Care: This is an extension of tertiary care in reference to advanced levels of medicine which are highly specialized and not widely accessed.
  • Health Screening: This is a method of identifying apparently healthy people who may be at increased risk of a disease or condition.
  • Patient Counseling: This is the process of helping the patient to understand and cope with the disease or condition.
  • Disease Prevention: This refers to measures that prevent the occurrence of disease or reduce its impact.
  • Health Maintenance: This refers to the ongoing care and protection of the individual's health.

See Also

External links


This WikiMD dictionary article is a stub. You can help make it a full article.

Languages: - East Asian 中文, 日本, 한국어, South Asian हिन्दी, Urdu, বাংলা, తెలుగు, தமிழ், ಕನ್ನಡ,
Southeast Asian Indonesian, Vietnamese, Thai, မြန်မာဘာသာ, European español, Deutsch, français, русский, português do Brasil, Italian, polski