Diabetes

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Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome characterized by disordered metabolism and inappropriately high blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) resulting from either low levels of the hormone insulin or from abnormal resistance to insulin's effects.

Insulin is an anabolic hormone that helps the glucose get into your cells to give them energy, and also controls the body's fatty acid metabolism. There are two types of diabetes - type 1 diabetes that usually starts in early childhood and has higher genetic risk and the more common type 2 diabetes that can start in obese kids and adults. Up to 90 percent of the risk of type 2 diabetes is considered preventable according to research from Yale University and other places.

Etiology

The incidence of type 2 diabetes has gone up significantly in populations around the world including the United States in the past 50 years or so. This has to do with the misguided efforts at the various Governments including that of the United States to deal with the obesity epidemic. As most of the efforts at curbing obesity were too "fat centric" such as the United States failed and now withdrawn food pyramid, this lead to an explosion of insulin resistance as all these so called low fat foods tend to be high glycemic.

It is postulated that increased use of cereal grains might also have contributed to the raise in the epidemic of obesity and type 2 diabetes that some call it as diabetesity.

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Facts on Diabetes

According to the Center's for Disease Control, here are the facts on diabetes:

  • Adults aged 65 years and older, 10.9 million, or 26.9% or had diabetes in 2010.
  • About 215,000 people younger than 20 years had diabetes (type 1 or • type 2) in the United States in 2010.
  • *About 1.9 million people aged 20 years or older were newly • diagnosed with diabetes in 2010 in the United States.
  • In 2005–2008, based on fasting glucose or hemoglobin A1c levels, • 35% of U.S. adults aged 20 years or older had prediabetes (50% of adults aged 65 years or older). Applying this percentage to the entire U.S. population in 2010 yields an estimated 79 million American adults aged 20 years or older with prediabetes.
  • Diabetes is the leading cause of kidney failure, nontraumatic lower-• limb amputations, and new cases of blindness among adults in the United States.
  • Diabetes is a major cause of heart disease and stroke.•
  • Diabetes is the seventh leading cause of death in the United States.•
  • Diabetes affects 25.8 million people
  • 8.3% of the U.S. population

Diagnosed with diabetes

  • 18.8 million people in the United States are currently diagnosed with diabetes.

Not diagnosed with diabetes

  • 7.0 million people have diabetes but not yet diagnosed.
  • Age ≥20 years about 25.6 million or 11.3% of all people in this age group have diabetes
  • Age ≥65 years 10.9 million or 26.9% of all people in this age group

Men - 13.0 million or 11.8% of all men aged 20 years or older Women - 12.6 million or 10.8% of all women aged 20 years or older

Non-Hispanic whites and diabetes 15.7 million or 10.2% of all non-Hispanic whites aged 20 years or older Non-Hispanic blacks and diabetes 4.9 million or 18.7% of all non-Hispanic blacks aged 20 years or older.

Diabetes Statistics per BRFSS survey 2010 in the Unites States

People in the United States were asked by telephone this question: Have you ever been told by a doctor that you have diabetes?

Here are the answers from the BRFSS survey in 2010. As can be seen from the following answers, most people with prediabetes are not aware of their situation. According to the statistics on prediabetes, type 2 diabetes, and metabolic syndrome, up to a third of the adult population in fact have prediabetes although only a small fraction of them are actually aware of it.


Diabetes in the United States

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Diabetes Testing

The A1C Test and Diabetes

Defines and explains the A1C diabetes blood test. Discusses using the test for diagnosis of diabetes and prediabetes and monitoring of glucose levels in people with Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes.


Diabetes Topics A-Z

A-Z List of Topics

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