Psychology

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(sy KAH loh jee) The study of how the mind works and how thoughts and feelings affect behavior.

Glossary of psychology

professional organization representing psychologists in the United States

focus on observing and controlling behavior

study of how biology influences behavior

perspective that asserts that biology, psychology, and social factors interact to determine an individual’s health

area of psychology that focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders and other problematic patterns of behavior

study of cognitions, or thoughts, and their relationship to experiences and actions

area of psychology that focuses on improving emotional, social, vocational, and other aspects of the lives of psychologically healthy individuals

scientific study of development across a lifespan

long research paper about research that was conducted as a part of the candidate’s doctoral training

method for acquiring knowledge based on observation, including experimentation, rather than a method based only on forms of logical argument or previous authorities

area of psychology that applies the science and practice of psychology to issues within and related to the justice system

focused on how mental activities helped an organism adapt to its environment

perspective within psychology that emphasizes the potential for good that is innate to all humans

process by which someone examines their own conscious experience in an attempt to break it into its component parts

suffix that denotes “scientific study of”

study of patterns of thoughts and behaviors that make each individual unique

consistent pattern of thought and behavior

(doctor of philosophy) doctoral degree conferred in many disciplinary perspectives housed in a traditional college of liberal arts and sciences

allows young scientists to further develop their research programs and broaden their research skills under the supervision of other professionals in the field

Greek word for soul

focus on the role of the unconscious in affecting conscious behavior

scientific study of the mind and behavior

(doctor of psychology) doctoral degree that places less emphasis on research oriented skills and focuses more on application of psychological principles in the clinical context

area of psychology that focuses on the interactions between mental and emotional factors and physical performance in sports, exercise, and other activities

understanding the conscious experience through introspection

Common terms in psychology and psychiatry

  • Acting Out noun (psychiatry) the display of previously inhibited emotions (often in actions rather than words); considered to be healthy and therapeutic a (usually irritating) impulsive and uncontrollable outburst by a problem child or a neurotic adult
  • Adaptation noun (physiology) the responsive adjustment of a sense organ (as the eye) to varying conditions (as of light) a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Adoption noun the act of accepting with approval; favorable reception a legal proceeding that creates a parent child relation between persons not related by blood; the adopted child is entitled to all privileges belonging to a natural child of the adoptive parents (including the right to inherit) the appropriation (of ideas or words etc) from another source
  • Affect noun the conscious subjective aspect of feeling or emotion verb act physically on; have an effect upon have an effect upon have an emotional or cognitive impact upon make believe with the intent to deceive connect closely and often incriminatingly
  • Psychotic adj. characteristic of or suffering from psychosis noun a person afflicted with psychosis
  • Ageism noun discrimination against middle aged and elderly people
  • Aggression noun violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked deliberately unfriendly behavior the act of initiating hostilities a disposition to behave aggressively a feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack
  • Aggression noun violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked deliberately unfriendly behavior the act of initiating hostilities a disposition to behave aggressively a feeling of hostility that arouses thoughts of attack
  • Agnosia noun inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
  • Agoraphobia noun a morbid fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place)
  • Altruism noun the quality of unselfish concern for the welfare of others
  • Amnesia noun partial or total loss of memory
  • Amnesia noun partial or total loss of memory
  • Anger noun a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance the state of being angry belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins) verb make angry become angry
  • Anhedonia noun an inability to experience pleasure
  • Anomie noun lack of moral standards in a society personal state of isolation and anxiety resulting from a lack of social control and regulation
  • Anorexia Nervosa noun (psychiatry) a psychological disorder characterized by somatic delusions that you are too fat despite being emaciated
  • Anticipation noun something expected (as on the basis of a norm) pleasurable expectation wishing with confidence of fulfillment the act of predicting (as by reasoning about the future)
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Antisocial Personality Disorder noun a personality disorder characterized by amorality and lack of affect; capable of violent acts without guilt feelings (`psychopathic personality' was once widely used but was superseded by `sociopathic personality' to indicate the social aspects of the disorder, but now `antisocial personality disorder' is the preferred term)
  • Anxiety noun a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill defined) misfortune a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • Anxiety noun a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill defined) misfortune a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • Castration noun surgical removal of the testes or ovaries (usually to inhibit hormone secretion in cases of breast cancer in women or prostate cancer in men) neutering a male animal by removing the testicles the deletion of objectionable parts from a literary work
  • Anxiety noun a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill defined) misfortune a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • Separation noun the act of dividing or disconnecting the social act of separating or parting company sorting one thing from others the termination of employment (by resignation or dismissal) coming apart the space where a division or parting occurs the state of lacking unity (law) the cessation of cohabitation of man and wife (either by mutual agreement or under a court order) the distance between things
  • Anxiety noun a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill defined) misfortune a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • Separation noun the act of dividing or disconnecting the social act of separating or parting company sorting one thing from others the termination of employment (by resignation or dismissal) coming apart the space where a division or parting occurs the state of lacking unity (law) the cessation of cohabitation of man and wife (either by mutual agreement or under a court order) the distance between things
  • Apathy noun the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
  • Appetite noun a feeling of craving something
  • Appetite noun a feeling of craving something
  • Arousal noun the act of arousing awakening from sleep a state of heightened physiological activity mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
  • Assertiveness noun aggressive self assurance; given to making bold assertions
  • Attitude noun a theatrical pose created for effect a complex mental state involving beliefs and feelings and values and dispositions to act in certain ways position of aircraft or spacecraft relative to a frame of reference (the horizon or direction of motion) the arrangement of the body and its limbs
  • Authoritarianism noun a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)
  • Behavior noun manner of acting or controlling yourself (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  • Behavior Therapy noun psychotherapy that seeks to extinguish or inhibit abnormal or maladaptive behavior by reinforcing desired behavior and extinguishing undesired behavior
  • Behavior noun manner of acting or controlling yourself (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  • Animal adj. of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals marked by the appetites and passions of the body noun a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • Behaviorism noun an approach to psychology that emphasizes observable measurable behavior
  • Bereavement noun state of sorrow over the death or departure of a loved one
  • Biofeedback noun a training program in which a person is given information about physiological processes (heart rate or blood pressure) that is not normally available with the goal of gaining conscious control of them
  • Biofeedback noun a training program in which a person is given information about physiological processes (heart rate or blood pressure) that is not normally available with the goal of gaining conscious control of them
  • Bipolar Disorder noun a mental disorder characterized by episodes of mania and depression
  • Blushing adj. having a red face from embarrassment or shame or agitation or emotional upset
  • Boredom noun the feeling of being bored by something tedious
  • Cannibalism noun the practice of eating the flesh of your own kind
  • Catatonia noun extreme tonus; muscular rigidity; a common symptom in catatonic schizophrenia a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
  • Catatonia noun extreme tonus; muscular rigidity; a common symptom in catatonic schizophrenia a form of schizophrenia characterized by a tendency to remain in a fixed stuporous state for long periods; the catatonia may give way to short periods of extreme excitement
  • Cathexis noun (psychoanalysis) the libidinal energy invested in some idea or person or object
  • Character noun (genetics) an attribute (structural or functional) that is determined by a gene or group of genes the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions an actor's portrayal of someone in a play a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability a written symbol that is used to represent speech a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities) good repute a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something an imaginary person represented in a work of fiction (play or film or story) verb engrave or inscribe characters on
  • Chemotaxis noun movement by a cell or organism in reaction to a chemical stimulus
  • Chemotaxis noun movement by a cell or organism in reaction to a chemical stimulus
  • Leukocyte noun blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; an important part of the body's defense system
  • Pervasive adj. spreading or spread throughout
  • Cognition noun the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
  • Coitus noun the act of sexual procreation between a man and a woman; the man's penis is inserted into the woman's vagina and excited until orgasm and ejaculation occur
  • Communication noun something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information a connection allowing access between persons or places
  • Conflict noun an open clash between two opposing groups (or individuals) an incompatibility of dates or events opposition between two simultaneous but incompatible feelings opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot) a state of opposition between persons or ideas or interests a hostile meeting of opposing military forces in the course of a war a disagreement or argument about something important verb go against, as of rules and laws be in conflict
  • Confusion noun a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
  • Conscience noun conformity to one's own sense of right conduct a feeling of shame when you do something immoral motivation deriving logically from ethical or moral principles that govern a person's thoughts and actions
  • Consciousness noun an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation having knowledge of
  • Consensus noun agreement in the judgment or opinion reached by a group as a whole
  • Conversion Disorder noun a mental disorder characterized by the conversion of mental conflict into somatic forms (into paralysis or anesthesia having no apparent cause)
  • Coprophagia noun eating feces; in human a symptom of some kinds of insanity
  • Counseling noun something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
  • Counseling noun something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
  • Courage noun a quality of spirit that enables you to face danger or pain without showing fear
  • Courtship noun a man's courting of a woman; seeking the affections of a woman (usually with the hope of marriage)
  • Craving noun an intense desire for some particular thing
  • Crisis Intervention noun psychotherapy that focuses on acute critical situations (depressive episodes or attempted suicides or drug overdoses) with the aim of restoring the person to the level of functioning before the crisis
  • Crowding noun a situation in which people or things are crowded together
  • Crying adj. conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible noisy with or as if with loud cries and shouts demanding attention noun the process of shedding tears (usually accompanied by sobs or other inarticulate sounds)
  • Deception noun the act of deceiving an illusory feat; considered magical by naive observers a misleading falsehood
  • Dehumanization noun the act of degrading people with respect to their best qualities
  • Delirium noun a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations state of violent mental agitation
  • Delirium noun a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations state of violent mental agitation
  • Dementia noun mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  • Denial noun the act of asserting that something alleged is not true the act of refusing to comply (as with a request) (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that denies painful thoughts renunciation of your own interests in favor of the interests of others a defendant's answer or plea denying the truth of the charges against him
  • Dependency noun a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country lack of independence or self sufficiency being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • Depersonalization noun representing a human being as a physical thing deprived of personal qualities or individuality (existentialism) a loss of personal identity; a feeling of being an anonymous cog in a stupid social machine emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
  • Depression noun pushing down sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object) a concavity in a surface produced by pressing a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity a long term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment a sunken or depressed geological formation a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • Depressive Disorder noun a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention
  • Diplomacy noun negotiation between nations subtly skillful handling of a situation wisdom in the management of public affairs
  • Disclosure noun the speech act of making something evident
  • Disclosure noun the speech act of making something evident
  • Disgust noun strong feelings of dislike verb cause aversion in; offend the moral sense of fill with distaste
  • Displacement noun act of removing from office or employment to move something from its natural environment (psychiatry) a defense mechanism that transfers affect or reaction from the original object to some more acceptable one (chemistry) a reaction in which an elementary substance displaces and sets free a constituent element from a compound act of taking the place of another especially using underhanded tactics the act of uniform movement an event in which something is displaced without rotation
  • Disruptive adj. characterized by unrest or disorder or insubordination
  • Dominance noun the organic phenomenon in which one of a pair of alleles present in a genotype is expressed in the phenotype and the other allele of the pair is not the state that exists when one person or group has power over another superior development of one side of the body the power or right to give orders or make decisions
  • Cerebral adj. involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • Down Syndrome noun a congenital disorder caused by having an extra 21st chromosome; results in a flat face and short stature and mental retardation
  • Drive noun the act of applying force to propel something a journey in a vehicle (usually an automobile) the act of driving a herd of animals overland (sports) a hard straight return (as in tennis or squash) hitting a golf ball off of a tee with a driver a wide scenic road planted with trees a mechanism by which force or power is transmitted in a machine (computer science) a device that writes data onto or reads data from a storage medium the trait of being highly motivated a physiological state corresponding to a strong need or desire a series of actions advancing a principle or tending toward a particular end a road leading up to a private house verb move into a desired direction of discourse hunting: chase from cover into more open ground hunting: search for game cause to function by supplying the force or power for or by controlling excavate horizontally hit very hard and straight with the bat swinging more or less vertically strike with a driver, as in teeing off cause to move rapidly by striking or throwing with force push, propel, or press with force compel somebody to do something, often against his own will or judgment travel or be transported in a vehicle proceed along in a vehicle operate or control a vehicle urge forward cause someone or something to move by driving move by being propelled by a force work as a driver to compel or force or urge relentlessly or exert coercive pressure on, or motivate strongly have certain properties when driven cause to move back by force or influence force into or from an action or state, either physically or metaphorically strive and make an effort to reach a goal
  • Dyslexia noun impaired ability to learn to read
  • Acquired adj. gotten through environmental forces
  • Ego noun (psychoanalysis) the conscious mind an inflated feeling of pride in your superiority to others your consciousness of your own identity
  • Egocentrism noun concern for your own interests and welfare
  • Electroshock noun the administration of a strong electric current that passes through the brain to induce convulsions and coma
  • Animal adj. of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals marked by the appetites and passions of the body noun a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • Psychiatric adj. relating to or used in or engaged in the practice of psychiatry
  • Empathy noun understanding and entering into another's feelings
  • Encopresis noun involuntary defecation not attributable to physical defects or illness
  • Encopresis noun involuntary defecation not attributable to physical defects or illness
  • Enuresis noun inability to control the flow of urine and involuntary urination
  • Enuresis noun inability to control the flow of urine and involuntary urination
  • Erectile Dysfunction noun impotence resulting from a man's inability to have or maintain an erection of his penis
  • Ergonomics noun the branch of engineering science in which biological science is used to study the relation between workers and their environments
  • Ethics noun the philosophical study of moral values and rules motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
  • Ethology noun the branch of zoology that studies the behavior of animals in their natural habitats
  • Euphoria noun a feeling of great (usually exaggerated) elation
  • Exercise noun the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding systematic training by multiple repetitions (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches the act of using verb do physical exercise give a workout to learn by repetition put to use carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
  • Exhibitionism noun the perverse act of exposing and attracting attention to your own genitals extravagant and conspicuous behavior intended to attract attention to yourself
  • Existentialism noun (philosophy) a 20th century philosophical movement chiefly in Europe; assumes that people are entirely free and thus responsible for what they make of themselves
  • Extraversion noun (psychology) an extroverted disposition; concern with what is outside the self
  • Family noun primary social group; parents and children people descended from a common ancestor a social unit living together (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera an association of people who share common beliefs or activities a collection of things sharing a common attribute a loose affiliation of gangsters in charge of organized criminal activities a person having kinship with another or others
  • Fantasy noun imagination unrestricted by reality fiction with a large amount of imagination in it something many people believe that is false verb indulge in fantasies
  • Fear noun an emotion experienced in anticipation of some specific pain or danger (usually accompanied by a desire to flee or fight) a profound emotion inspired by a deity an anxious feeling verb be afraid or scared of; be frightened of be uneasy or apprehensive about be sorry; used to introduce an unpleasant statement be afraid or feel anxious or apprehensive about a possible or probable situation or event regard with feelings of respect and reverence; consider hallowed or exalted or be in awe of
  • Feedback noun response to an inquiry or experiment the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Feedback noun response to an inquiry or experiment the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Feedback noun response to an inquiry or experiment the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output
  • Sensory adj. involving or derived from the senses of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system relating to or concerned in sensation
  • Feedback noun response to an inquiry or experiment the process in which part of the output of a system is returned to its input in order to regulate its further output
  • Sensory adj. involving or derived from the senses of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system relating to or concerned in sensation
  • Femininity noun the trait of behaving in ways considered typical for women
  • Fetishism noun sexual arousal or gratification resulting from handling a fetish (or a specific part of the body other than the sexual organs) a belief in the magical power of fetishes (or the worship of a fetish)
  • Psychiatric adj. relating to or used in or engaged in the practice of psychiatry
  • Flight noun a scheduled trip by plane between designated airports an instance of traveling by air a stairway (set of steps) between one floor or landing and the next passing above and beyond ordinary bounds an air force unit smaller than a squadron a formation of aircraft in flight a flock of flying birds the act of escaping physically the path followed by an object moving through space verb fly in a flock shoot a bird in flight decorate with feathers
  • Animal adj. of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals marked by the appetites and passions of the body noun a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • Forgiveness noun the act of excusing a mistake or offense compassionate feelings that support a willingness to forgive
  • Forgiveness noun the act of excusing a mistake or offense compassionate feelings that support a willingness to forgive
  • Cataleptic adj. of or having characteristics of or affected with catalepsy noun a person suffering from catalepsy
  • Cataleptic adj. of or having characteristics of or affected with catalepsy noun a person suffering from catalepsy
  • Frustration noun an act of hindering someone's plans or efforts a feeling of annoyance at being hindered or criticized the feeling that accompanies an experience of being thwarted in attaining your goals
  • Galvanic Skin Response noun a change in the electrical properties of the skin in response to stress or anxiety; can be measured either by recording the electrical resistance of the skin or by recording weak currents generated by the body
  • Gambling noun the act of playing for stakes in the hope of winning (including the payment of a price for a chance to win a prize)
  • Gambling noun the act of playing for stakes in the hope of winning (including the payment of a price for a chance to win a prize)
  • Gender Identity noun your identity as it is experienced with regard to your individuality as male or female; awareness normally begin in infancy and is reinforced during adolescence
  • Genetics noun the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
  • Grief noun something that causes great unhappiness intense sorrow caused by loss of a loved one (especially by death)
  • Guilt noun remorse caused by feeling responsible for some offence the state of having committed an offense
  • Habituation noun a general accommodation to unchanging environmental conditions being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • Handling noun the action of touching with the hands (or the skillful use of the hands) or by the use of mechanical means manual (or mechanical) carrying or moving or delivering or working with something the management of someone or something
  • Happiness noun emotions experienced when in a state of well being state of well being characterized by emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy
  • Harassment noun the act of tormenting by continued persistent attacks and criticism a feeling of intense annoyance caused by being tormented
  • Hate noun the emotion of hate; a feeling of dislike so strong that it demands action verb dislike intensely; feel antipathy or aversion towards
  • Practice noun a customary way of operation or behavior translating an idea into action the exercise of a profession knowledge of how something is usually done systematic training by multiple repetitions verb avail oneself to carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions learn by repetition engage in a rehearsal (of)
  • Functional adj. designed for or capable of a particular function or use involving or affecting function rather than physiology designed for or adapted to a function or use fit or ready for use or service relating to or based on function especially as opposed to structure (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing
  • Helplessness noun powerlessness revealed by an inability to act a feeling of being unable to manage the state of needing help from something
  • Learned adj. acquired by learning highly educated; having extensive information or understanding established by conditioning or learning having or showing profound knowledge
  • Homophobia noun prejudice against (fear or dislike of) homosexual people and homosexuality
  • Hope noun one of the three Christian virtues a specific instance of feeling hopeful the general feeling that some desire will be fulfilled someone (or something) on which expectations are centered United States comedian (born in England) who appeared in films with Bing Crosby (1903 2003) grounds for feeling hopeful about the future verb intend with some possibility of fulfilment be optimistic; be full of hope; have hopes expect and wish
  • Hostility noun a hostile (very unfriendly) disposition the feeling of a hostile person a state of deep seated ill will violent action that is hostile and usually unprovoked
  • Hunger noun strong desire for something (not food or drink) a physiological need for food; the consequence of food deprivation verb feel the need to eat be hungry; go without food have a craving, appetite, or great desire for
  • Hypnosis noun a state that resembles sleep but that is induced by suggestion
  • Hypochondriasis noun chronic and abnormal anxiety about imaginary symptoms and ailments
  • Id noun (psychoanalysis) primitive instincts and energies underlying all psychic activity a card or badge used to identify the bearer a state in the Rocky Mountains
  • Identification noun the attribution to yourself (consciously or unconsciously) of the characteristics of another person (or group of persons) evidence of identity; something that identifies a person or thing the condition of having your identity established the act of designating or identifying something the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering
  • Identification noun the attribution to yourself (consciously or unconsciously) of the characteristics of another person (or group of persons) evidence of identity; something that identifies a person or thing the condition of having your identity established the act of designating or identifying something the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering
  • Identity Crisis noun distress and disorientation (especially in adolescence) resulting from conflicting pressures and uncertainty about and one's self and one's role in society
  • Illegitimacy noun unlawfulness by virtue of not being authorized by or in accordance with law the status of being born to parents who were not married
  • Imagery noun the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • Psychotherapy noun the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  • Tonic adj. used of syllables relating to or being the keynote of a major or minor scale employing variations in pitch to distinguish meanings of otherwise similar words of or relating to or producing normal tone or tonus in muscles or tissue imparting vitality and energy noun a medicine that strengthens and invigorates (music) the first note of a diatonic scale lime or lemon flavored carbonated water containing quinine a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring
  • Tonic adj. used of syllables relating to or being the keynote of a major or minor scale employing variations in pitch to distinguish meanings of otherwise similar words of or relating to or producing normal tone or tonus in muscles or tissue imparting vitality and energy noun a medicine that strengthens and invigorates (music) the first note of a diatonic scale lime or lemon flavored carbonated water containing quinine a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring
  • Individuality noun the quality of being individual the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity
  • Individuation noun the quality of being individual discriminating the individual from the generic group or species
  • Inhibition noun (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires the quality of being inhibited (physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part the action of prohibiting or inhibiting or forbidding (or an instance thereof)
  • Instinct adj. (followed by `with')deeply filled or permeated noun inborn pattern of behavior often responsive to specific stimuli
  • Intelligence noun the operation of gathering information about an enemy the ability to comprehend; to understand and profit from experience secret information about an enemy (or potential enemy) a unit responsible for gathering and interpreting information about an enemy new information about specific and timely events
  • Intention noun an act of intending; a volition that you intend to carry out (usually plural) the goal with respect to a marriage proposal an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions
  • Intention noun an act of intending; a volition that you intend to carry out (usually plural) the goal with respect to a marriage proposal an anticipated outcome that is intended or that guides your planned actions
  • Interview noun the questioning of a person (or a conversation in which information is elicited); often conducted by journalists a conference (usually with someone important) verb conduct an interview in television, newspaper, and radio reporting discuss formally with (somebody) for the purpose of an evaluation go for an interview in the hope of being hired
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Introversion noun (psychology) an introverted disposition; concern with one's own thoughts and feelings the folding in of an outer layer so as to form a pocket in the surface the condition of being folded inward or sheathed
  • Jealousy noun zealous vigilance a feeling of jealous envy (especially of a rival)
  • Kinesis noun a movement that is a response to a stimulus but is not oriented with respect to the source of stimulation
  • Language noun the mental faculty or power of vocal communication a systematic means of communicating by the use of sounds or conventional symbols the cognitive processes involved in producing and understanding linguistic communication a system of words used to name things in a particular discipline the text of a popular song or musical comedy number (language) communication by word of mouth
  • Leadership noun the activity of leading the ability to lead the body of people who lead a group the status of a leader
  • Learning noun the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge profound scholarly knowledge
  • Lethargy noun a state of comatose torpor (as found in sleeping sickness) inactivity; showing an unusual lack of energy weakness characterized by a lack of vitality or energy
  • Life Style noun a manner of living that reflects the person's values and attitudes
  • Literacy noun the ability to read and write
  • Loneliness noun the state of being alone in solitary isolation a disposition toward being alone sadness resulting from being forsaken or abandoned
  • Love noun any object of warm affection or devotion a deep feeling of sexual desire and attraction a strong positive emotion of regard and affection a score of zero in tennis or squash sexual activities (often including sexual intercourse) between two people a beloved person; used as terms of endearment verb have a great affection or liking for be enamored or in love with get pleasure from have sexual intercourse with
  • Machiavellianism noun the political doctrine of Machiavelli: any means (however unscrupulous) can be used by a ruler in order to create and maintain his autocratic government
  • Malingering noun evading duty or work by pretending to be incapacitated
  • Masculinity noun the trait of behaving in ways considered typical for men the properties characteristic of the male sex
  • Masochism noun sexual pleasure obtained from receiving punishment (physical or psychological)
  • Masturbation noun manual stimulation of the genital organs (of yourself or another) for sexual pleasure
  • Mental Health noun the psychological state of someone who is functioning at a satisfactory level of emotional and behavioral adjustment
  • X Linked adj. relating to genes or characteristics or conditions carried on the X chromosome
  • Metaphysical adj. highly abstract and overly theoretical without material form or substance pertaining to or of the nature of metaphysics
  • Mindfulness noun the trait of staying aware of (paying close attention to) your responsibilities
  • Morale noun a state of individual psychological well being based upon a sense of confidence and usefulness and purpose the spirit of a group that makes the members want the group to succeed
  • Morals noun motivation based on ideas of right and wrong
  • Motivation noun the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior the act of motivating; providing incentive the condition of being motivated
  • Mutism noun the condition of being unable or unwilling to speak
  • Nail Biting adj. (of a situation) characterized by or causing suspense
  • Narration noun (rhetoric) the second section of an oration in which the facts are set forth the act of giving an account describing incidents or a course of events a message that tells the particulars of an act or occurrence or course of events; presented in writing or drama or cinema or as a radio or television program
  • Negativism noun characterized by habitual skepticism and a disagreeable tendency to deny or oppose or resist suggestions or commands
  • Neuropsychology noun the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes
  • Neuroticism noun a mental or personality disturbance not attributable to any known neurological or organic dysfunction
  • Nuclear Family noun a family consisting of parents and their children and grandparents of a marital partner
  • Optimism noun a general disposition to expect the best in all things the optimistic feeling that all is going to turn out well
  • Orientation noun the act of orienting a person's awareness of self with regard to position and time and place and personal relationships an integrated set of attitudes and beliefs position or alignment relative to points of the compass or other specific directions a course introducing a new situation or environment a predisposition in favor of something
  • Orientation noun the act of orienting a person's awareness of self with regard to position and time and place and personal relationships an integrated set of attitudes and beliefs position or alignment relative to points of the compass or other specific directions a course introducing a new situation or environment a predisposition in favor of something
  • Orientation noun the act of orienting a person's awareness of self with regard to position and time and place and personal relationships an integrated set of attitudes and beliefs position or alignment relative to points of the compass or other specific directions a course introducing a new situation or environment a predisposition in favor of something
  • Spatial adj. pertaining to or involving or having the nature of space
  • Orientation noun the act of orienting a person's awareness of self with regard to position and time and place and personal relationships an integrated set of attitudes and beliefs position or alignment relative to points of the compass or other specific directions a course introducing a new situation or environment a predisposition in favor of something
  • Spatial adj. pertaining to or involving or having the nature of space
  • Panic noun an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety sudden mass fear and anxiety over anticipated events verb cause sudden fear in or fill with sudden panic be overcome by a sudden fear
  • Panic Disorder noun an anxiety disorder characterized by unpredictable panic attacks; the attacks are usually severe but brief
  • Parapsychology noun phenomena that appear to contradict physical laws and suggest the possibility of causation by mental processes
  • Parapsychology noun phenomena that appear to contradict physical laws and suggest the possibility of causation by mental processes
  • Paternalism noun the attitude (of a person or a government) that subordinates should be controlled in a fatherly way for their own good
  • Peer Review verb evaluate professionally a colleague's work
  • Perception noun the process of perceiving knowledge gained by perceiving a way of conceiving something becoming aware of something via the senses the representation of what is perceived; basic component in the formation of a concept
  • Perfectionism noun a disposition to feel that anything less than perfect is unacceptable
  • Permissiveness noun a disposition to allow freedom of choice and behavior
  • Personality noun the complex of all the attributes behavioral, temperamental, emotional and mental that characterize a unique individual a person of considerable prominence
  • Personality Assessment noun a questionnaire that is supposed to yield a description of a person's personality traits
  • Pessimism noun a general disposition to look on the dark side and to expect the worst in all things the feeling that things will turn out badly
  • Phantom Limb noun the illusion that a limb still exists after it has been amputated
  • Pica noun magpies eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency a linear unit (1/6 inch) used in printing
  • Play Therapy noun form of psychotherapy for children that uses play situations for diagnosis or treatment
  • Pleasure noun sexual gratification an activity that affords enjoyment a formal expression a fundamental feeling that is hard to define but that people desire to experience something or someone that provides pleasure; a source of happiness
  • Polydipsia noun excessive thirst (as in cases of diabetes or kidney dysfunction)
  • Psychogenic adj. mental or emotional rather than physiological in origin of or relating to the psychological cause of a disorder
  • Polydipsia noun excessive thirst (as in cases of diabetes or kidney dysfunction)
  • Psychogenic adj. mental or emotional rather than physiological in origin of or relating to the psychological cause of a disorder
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Power noun possession of controlling influence one possessing or exercising power or influence or authority (physics) the rate of doing work; measured in watts (= joules/second) physical strength possession of the qualities (especially mental qualities) required to do something or get something done a mathematical notation indicating the number of times a quantity is multiplied by itself a state powerful enough to influence events throughout the world a very wealthy or powerful businessman (of a government or government official) holding an office means being in power verb supply the force or power for the functioning of
  • Prejudice noun a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation verb influence (somebody's) opinion in advance disadvantage by prejudice
  • Prejudice noun a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation verb influence (somebody's) opinion in advance disadvantage by prejudice
  • Premature Ejaculation noun ejaculation during the early stages of sexual excitement or soon after the insertion of the penis into the vagina
  • Procrastination noun the act of procrastinating; putting off or delaying or defering an action to a later time slowness as a consequence of not getting around to it
  • Procrastination noun the act of procrastinating; putting off or delaying or defering an action to a later time slowness as a consequence of not getting around to it
  • Projection noun any structure that branches out from a central support the representation of a figure or solid on a plane as it would look from a particular direction a prediction made by extrapolating from past observations the projection of an image from a film onto a screen the acoustic phenomenon that gives sound a penetrating quality (psychiatry) a defense mechanism by which your own traits and emotions are attributed to someone else any solid convex shape that juts out from something the act of expelling or projecting or ejecting the act of projecting out from something a planned undertaking
  • Pronation noun rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face downward
  • Propaganda noun information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
  • Psychiatry noun the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
  • Psycholinguistics noun the branch of cognitive psychology that studies the psychological basis of linguistic competence and performance
  • Psycholinguistics noun the branch of cognitive psychology that studies the psychological basis of linguistic competence and performance
  • Applied adj. concerned with concrete problems or data rather than with fundamental principles; opposed to theoretical put into practice or put to use that are used
  • Educational adj. providing knowledge relating to the process of education
  • Industrial adj. suitable to stand up to hard wear having highly developed industries employed in industry of or relating to or resulting from industry employed in industry
  • Military adj. associated with or performed by armed services as contrasted with civilians characteristic of or associated with soldiers or the military of or relating to the study of the principles of warfare noun the military forces of a nation
  • Social adj. marked by friendly companionship with others living together or enjoying life in communities or organized groups tending to move or live together in groups or colonies of the same kind composed of sociable people or formed for the purpose of sociability relating to human society and its members relating to or belonging to or characteristic of high society noun a party of people assembled to promote sociability and communal activity
  • Psychometrics noun any branch of psychology concerned with psychological measurements
  • Psychopathology noun the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders the branch of psychology concerned with abnormal behavior
  • Psychophysics noun the branch of psychology concerned with quantitative relations between physical stimuli and their psychological effects
  • Psychophysiology noun the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes
  • Psychophysiology noun the branch of psychology that is concerned with the physiological bases of psychological processes
  • Psychosexual Development noun (psychoanalysis) the process during which personality and sexual behavior mature through a series of stages: first oral stage and then anal stage and then phallic stage and then latency stage and finally genital stage
  • Psychosurgery noun brain surgery on human patients intended to relieve severe and otherwise intractable mental or behavioral problems
  • Psychotherapy noun the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  • Psychotherapy noun the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  • Brief adj. concise and succinct of short duration or distance (of clothing) very short noun a condensed written summary or abstract a document stating the facts and points of law of a client's case verb give essential information to someone
  • Psychotherapy noun the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  • Multiple adj. having or involving or consisting of more than one part or entity or individual noun the product of a quantity by an integer
  • Psychotherapy noun the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  • Psychotherapy noun the treatment of mental or emotional problems by psychological means the branch of psychiatry concerned with psychological methods
  • Racism noun discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races
  • Rage noun violent state of the elements a state of extreme anger something that is desired intensely an interest followed with exaggerated zeal a feeling of intense anger verb feel intense anger be violent; as of fires and storms behave violently, as if in state of a great anger
  • Rationalization noun the organization of a business according to scientific principles of management in order to increase efficiency (mathematics) the simplification of an expression or equation by eliminating radicals without changing the value of the expression or the roots of the equation the cognitive process of making something seem consistent with or based on reason (psychiatry) a defense mechanism by which your true motivation is concealed by explaining your actions and feelings in a way that is not threatening systematic organization; the act of organizing something according to a system or a rationale
  • Reaction Time noun the time that elapses between a stimulus and the response to it
  • Reaction Time noun the time that elapses between a stimulus and the response to it
  • Reflex adj. without volition or conscious control noun an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus
  • Regression noun returning to a former state the relation between selected values of x and observed values of y (from which the most probable value of y can be predicted for any value of x) (psychiatry) a defense mechanism in which you flee from reality by assuming a more infantile state an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  • Rejection noun the act of rejecting something the speech act of rejecting (medicine) an immunological response that refuses to accept substances or organisms that are recognized as foreign the state of being rejected
  • Repression noun the act of repressing; control by holding down (psychiatry) the classical defense mechanism that protects you from impulses or ideas that would cause anxiety by preventing them from becoming conscious a state of forcible subjugation
  • Resilience noun the physical property of a material that can return to its original shape or position after deformation that does not exceed its elastic limit an occurrence of rebounding or springing back
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Respect noun (usually preceded by `in') a detail or point an attitude of admiration or esteem behavior intended to please your parents a courteous expression (by word or deed) of esteem or regard courteous regard for people's feelings a feeling of friendship and esteem the condition of being honored (esteemed or respected or well regarded) verb regard highly; think much of show respect towards
  • Restraint noun the of act controlling by restraining someone or something a device that retards something's motion discipline in personal and social activities a rule or condition that limits freedom lack of ornamentation the state of being physically constrained
  • Physical adj. having substance or material existence; perceptible to the senses concerned with material things characterized by energetic bodily activity according with material things or natural laws (other than those peculiar to living matter) involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit relating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy; especially physics impelled by physical force especially against resistance
  • Road Rage noun violence exhibited by drivers in traffic
  • Role noun normal or customary activity of a person in a particular social setting the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group what something is used for an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  • Sadism noun sexual pleasure obtained by inflicting harm (physical or psychological) on others
  • Sadness noun emotions experienced when not in a state of well being the state of being sad the quality of excessive mournfulness and uncheerfulness
  • Safe Sex noun sexual activity (especially sexual intercourse) with the use of measures (such as latex condoms) to avoid the transmission of disease (especially AIDS)
  • Satiation noun the act of achieving full gratification the state of being satisfactorily full and unable to take on more
  • Schizophrenia noun any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
  • Schizophrenia noun any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
  • Childhood noun the state of a child between infancy and adolescence the time of person's life when they are a child
  • Self Stimulation noun manual stimulation of your own genital organ for sexual pleasure
  • Self Stimulation noun manual stimulation of your own genital organ for sexual pleasure
  • Self Control noun the trait of resolutely controlling your own behavior the act of denying yourself; controlling your impulses
  • Self Examination noun the contemplation of your own thoughts and desires and conduct
  • Sensation noun an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation a general feeling of excitement and heightened interest a state of widespread public excitement and interest the faculty through which the external world is apprehended someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field
  • Sexism noun discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of the opposite sex
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Sexuality noun the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles
  • Shame noun a painful emotion resulting from an awareness of inadequacy or guilt a state of dishonor an unfortunate development verb surpass or beat by a wide margin cause to be ashamed compel through a sense of shame bring shame or dishonor upon
  • Shyness noun a feeling of fear of embarrassment
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Sleep noun a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended a torpid state resembling deep sleep a period of time spent sleeping euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb) verb be asleep be able to accommodate for sleeping
  • Sleep Deprivation noun a form of psychological torture inflicted by depriving the victim of sleep
  • Smoking adj. emitting smoke in great volume noun the act of smoking tobacco or other substances a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • Smoking adj. emitting smoke in great volume noun the act of smoking tobacco or other substances a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • Social Work noun any of various services designed to aid the poor and aged and to increase the welfare of children
  • Psychiatric adj. relating to or used in or engaged in the practice of psychiatry
  • Sociobiology noun the branch of biology that conducts comparative studies of the social organization of animals (including human beings) with regard to its evolutionary history
  • Spirituality noun concern with things of the spirit property or income owned by a church
  • Stalking noun the act of following prey stealthily a hunt for game carried on by following it stealthily or waiting in ambush
  • Traumatic adj. psychologically painful; "few experiences are more traumatic than losing a child" of or relating to a physical injury or wound to the body
  • Stress noun the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch) (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension special emphasis attached to something (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense verb put stress on; utter with an accent to stress, single out as important test the limits of
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Stress noun the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch) (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension special emphasis attached to something (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense verb put stress on; utter with an accent to stress, single out as important test the limits of
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Sublimation noun (psychology) modifying the natural expression of an impulse or instinct (especially a sexual one) to one that is socially acceptable (chemistry) a change directly from the solid to the gaseous state without becoming liquid
  • Psychological adj. mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • Oral adj. a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located using speech rather than writing of or relating to or affecting or for use in the mouth noun an examination conducted by word of mouth
  • Superego noun (psychoanalysis) that part of the unconscious mind that acts as a conscience
  • Supination noun rotation of the hands and forearms so that the palms face upward
  • Telepathy noun apparent communication from one mind to another without using sensory perceptions
  • Temperament noun an adjustment of the intervals (as in tuning a keyboard instrument) so that the scale can be used to play in different keys excessive emotionalism or irritability and excitability (especially when displayed openly) your usual mood
  • Temperance noun the act of tempering the trait of avoiding excesses abstaining from excess
  • Territoriality noun the behavior of a male animal that defines and defends its territory
  • Thinking adj. endowed with the capacity to reason noun the process of using your mind to consider something carefully
  • Thirst noun a physiological need to drink strong desire for something (not food or drink) verb feel the need to drink have a craving, appetite, or great desire for
  • Transvestism noun the practice of adopting the clothes or the manner or the sexual role of the opposite sex
  • Trust noun the trait of believing in the honesty and reliability of others a consortium of independent organizations formed to limit competition by controlling the production and distribution of a product or service something (as property) held by one party (the trustee) for the benefit of another (the beneficiary) certainty based on past experience complete confidence in a person or plan etc a trustful relationship verb have confidence or faith in extend credit to allow without fear be confident about something expect and wish confer a trust upon
  • Unconscious adj. (followed by `of') not knowing or perceiving not conscious; lacking awareness and the capacity for sensory perception as if asleep or dead without conscious volition noun that part of the mind wherein psychic activity takes place of which the person is unaware
  • Unconsciousness noun a state lacking normal awareness of the self or environment
  • Vaginismus noun muscular contraction that causes the vagina to close; usually an anxiety reaction before coitus or pelvic examination
  • Volition noun the act of making a choice the capability of conscious choice and decision and intention
  • Voyeurism noun a perversion in which a person receives sexual gratification from seeing the genitalia of others or witnessing others' sexual behavior
  • Williams Syndrome noun a rare congenital disorder associated with deletion of genetic material in chromosome 7; characterized by mental deficiency and some growth deficiency and elfin faces but an overly social personality and a remarkable gift for vocabulary
  • Xenophobia noun an irrational fear of foreigners or strangers

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