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Scoliosis is a medical condition in which the human or animal spine has a sideways curve. The curve is usually S-shaped or C-shaped.[1] In some, the curve is stable. In others, though, it increases over time.[2] Mild scoliosis does not often cause problems. Severe cases, however, can interfere with breathing. Often, no pain is present.

The cause of most cases is unknown. However, it is believed to involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Risk factors include having affected family members.

Diagnosis is often confirmed with x-rays.

Scoliosis usually occurs between ages 10 and 20. Males can be affected, although females are more often affected.


  1. "Scoliosis in Children and Adolescents". NIAMS. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  2. "Adolescent Scoliosis". Genetic Home Reference. Retrieved September 27, 2019.

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