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Childbirth (also known as labour, delivery, or parturition) is the culmination of a pregnancy period with the expulsion of one or more newborn infants from a woman's uterus. The process of normal childbirth is categorized in three stages of labour: the shortening and opening of the cervix during the first stage, descent and birth of the baby during the second stage, and the expulsion of the placenta during the third stage.


Childbirth: /ˈtʃaɪldˌbɜːrθ/


The term "childbirth" is derived from the Old English words "cild" meaning child and "gebyrd" meaning birth, bearing, or bringing forth.

Related Terms

  • Pregnancy: The state of carrying a developing embryo or fetus within the female body.
  • Cervix: The lower, narrow end of the uterus at the top of the vagina.
  • Placenta: An organ that develops in the uterus during pregnancy to provide oxygen and nutrients to the growing baby.
  • Postpartum period: The period beginning immediately after the birth of a child and extending for about six weeks.
  • Midwife: A trained health professional who helps healthy women during labor, delivery, and after the birth of their babies.
  • Obstetrician: A doctor who specializes in pregnancy, childbirth, and a woman's reproductive system.

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