- label - Any address, return address, registry, or identifying label affixed to an item of mail. In ILMS DPM, the bar-coded label affixed to the pouch tag.
- labeling - all labels and all other written, printed, or graphic matter-(A) accompanying the pesticide or device at any time; or (B) to which reference is made on the label or in literature accompanying the pesticide or device, except to current official publications of the Environmental Protection Agency, the United States Departments of Agriculture and Interior, the Department of Health and Human Services, State experiment stations, State agricultural colleges, and other similar Federal or State institutions or agencies authorized by law to conduct research in the field of pesticides.
- labor dispute - any controversy concerning terms or conditions of employment, or concerning the association or representation of persons in negotiating, fixing, maintaining, changing, or seeking to arrange terms or conditions of employment, regardless of whether or not the disputants stand in the proximate relation of employer and employee.
- labor dispute - any controversy concerning terms, tenure or conditions of employment, or concerning the association or representation of persons in negotiating, fixing, maintaining, changing, or seeking to arrange terms or conditions of employment, regardless of whether the disputants stand in the proximate relation of employer and employee.
- labor laws - the statutes and regulations, or provisions thereof, of a party to the negotiations that are directly related to core labor standards as well as other labor protections for children and minors and acceptable conditions of work with respect to minimum wages, hours of work, and occupational safety and health, and for the United States, includes Federal statutes and regulations addressing those standards, protections, or conditions, but does not include State or local labor laws.
- labor market area - an economically integrated geographic area within which individuals can reside and find employment within a reasonable distance or can readily change employment without changing their place of residence. Such an area shall be identified in accordance with criteria used by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the Department of Labor in defining such areas or similar criteria established by a Governor.
- labor organization - a labor organization engaged in an industry affecting commerce and includes any organization of any kind, any agency, or employee representation committee, group, association, or plan so engaged in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours, or other terms or conditions of employment, and any conference, general committee, joint or system board, or joint council so engaged which is subordinate to a national or international labor organization, other than a State or local central body.
- labor organization - any employee organization accorded recognition as the exclusive employee representative. For the Department of State, USIA, USAID, and Foreign Service employees in the USDA and the Department of Commerce, the exclusive employee representative is the American Foreign Service Association.
- labor organization - any organization of any kind, or any agency or employee representation committee or plan, in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of employment, or conditions of work.
- labor organization - any organization of any kind, or any agency or employee representation committee or plan, in which employees participate and which exists for the purpose, in whole or in part, of dealing with employers concerning grievances, labor disputes, wages, rates of pay, hours of employment, or conditions of work.
- labor relations consultant - any person who, for compensation, advises or represents an employer, employer organization, or labor organization concerning employee organizing, concerted activities, or collective bargaining activities.
- labor surplus area - a geographical area identified by the Department of Labor as an area of concentrated unemployment or underemployment or an area of labor surplus.
- labor surplus area concern - a concern that together with its first-tier subcontractors will perform substantially in labor surplus areas. Performance is substantially in labor surplus areas if the costs incurred under the contract on account of manufacturing, production, or performance of appropriate
520 services in labor surplus areas exceed 50 percent of the contract price.
- laboratory - any facility or vehicle that is owned by an individual or a public or private entity and is equipped and operated for the purpose of carrying out pesticide residue analysis on agricultural products for commercial purposes.
- laboratory organization - organization that has, as one of its missions, the performance of research, development, or engineering.
- laboratory-directed research and development - research and development work of a creative and innovative nature which, under the regulations prescribed, is selected by the director of a laboratory for the purpose of maintaining the vitality of the laboratory in defense-related scientific disciplines.
- labor-hour contract - A contract that provides for the procurement of services on the basis of direct labor-hours at specified, fixed hourly rates (which include direct and indirect labor, overhead, and profit).
- land control operations - The employment of land forces, supported by maritime and air forces (as appropriate) to control vital land areas. See also sea control operations.
- land domain - sphere of knowledge, influence and activity concerning areas and things on the surface or in the subsurface of the earth includes people, cargo, conveyances, and infrastructure.
- land domain - The area of the Earth’s surface ending at the high water mark and overlapping with the maritime domain in the landward segment of the littorals.
- land domain awareness - effective understanding of information, threats, and anything associated with the land domain that could affect the safety, security, commerce, or environment of the United States.
- land forces - Personnel, weapon systems, vehicles, and support elements operating on land to accomplish assigned missions and tasks.
- land remote sensing - the collection of data which can be processed into imagery of surface features of the Earth from an unclassified satellite or satellites, other than an operational United States Government weather satellite.
- land use control - physical, legal, or administrative mechanism that restricts the use of, or limit access to, contaminated property to reduce risks to human health and the environment.
- landfill facility - waste disposal site in which waste is generally spread out in thin layers, compacted, and covered with a fresh layer of soil each day.
- landholding - total irrigable acreage of one or more tracts of land situated in one or more districts owned or operated under a lease which is served with irrigation water pursuant to a contract with the Secretary. In determining the extent of a landholding the Secretary shall add to any landholding held directly by a qualified or limited recipient that portion of any landholding held indirectly by such qualified or limited recipient which benefits that qualified or limited recipient in proportion to that landholding.
- landing aid - Any illuminating light, radio beacon, radar device, communicating device, or any system of such devices for aiding aircraft in an approach and landing.
- landing area - 1. That part of the operational area within which are conducted the landing operations of an amphibious force. 2. In airborne operations, the general area used for landing troops and materiel
521 either by airdrop or air landing. 3. Any specially prepared or selected surface of land, water, or deck designated or used for takeoff and landing of aircraft. See also airfield; amphibious force; landing beach; landing force. JP 3‐02 )
- landing area - a place on land or water, including an airport or intermediate landing field, used, or intended to be used, for the takeoff and landing of aircraft, even when facilities are not provided for sheltering, servicing, or repairing aircraft, or for receiving or discharging passengers or cargo.
- landing area diagram - A graphic means of showing, for amphibious operations, the beach designations, boat lanes, organization of the line of departure, scheduled waves, landing ship area, transport areas, and the fire support areas in the immediate vicinity of the boat lanes.
- landing beach - That portion of a shoreline required for the landing of an amphibious force.
- landing craft - A craft employed in amphibious operations, specifically designed for carrying troops and their equipment and for beaching, unloading, retracting, and resupply operations.
- landing craft and amphibious vehicle assignment table - A table showing the assignment of personnel and materiel to each landing craft and amphibious vehicle and the assignment of the landing craft and amphibious vehicles to waves for the ship-to-shore movement.
- landing craft availability table - A tabulation of the type and number of landing craft that will be available from each ship of the transport group.
- landing diagram - A graphic means of illustrating the plan for the ship-to-shore movement.
- landing force - A Marine Corps or Army task organization, which is part of the amphibious force, formed to conduct amphibious operations. Also called LF. See also amphibious force; amphibious operation; amphibious task force; task organization.
- landing force operational reserve material - Package of contingency supplies pre-positioned and maintained onboard selected amphibious warfare ships to enhance reaction time and provide support for the embarked landing force in contingencies. Also called LFORM.
- landing force support party - A temporary landing force organization composed of Navy and landing force elements, that facilitates the ship-to-shore movement and provides initial combat support and combat service support to the landing force. Also called LFSP. See also combat service support; combat support; landing force; ship-to-shore movement.
- landing group - In amphibious operations, a subordinate task organization of the landing force capable of conducting landing operations, under a single tactical command, against a position or group of positions.
- landing plan - In amphibious operations, a collective term referring to all individually prepared naval and landing force documents that, taken together, present in detail all instructions for execution of the ship-to-shore movement.
- landing sequence table - A document that incorporates the detailed plans for ship-to-shore movement of nonscheduled units.
- landing signalman enlisted - Enlisted man responsible for ensuring that helicopters/ tiltrotor aircraft, on signal, are safely started, engaged, launched, recovered, and shut down. Also called LSE.
- landing signals officer - Officer responsible for the visual control of aircraft in the terminal phase of the approach immediately prior to landing. Also called LSO. See also terminal phase.
- landing site - 1. A site within a landing zone containing one or more landing points. See also airfield. 2. In amphibious operations, a continuous segment of coastline over which troops, equipment and supplies can be landed by surface means.
- landing zone - Any specified zone used for the landing of aircraft. Also called LZ. See also airfield.
- landmass - large continuous area of land.
lands beneath navigable waters- (1) all lands within the boundaries of each of the respective States which are covered by nontidal waters that were navigable under the laws of the United States at the time such State became a member of the Union, or acquired sovereignty over such lands and waters thereafter, up to the ordinary high water mark as heretofore or hereafter modified by accretion, erosion, and reliction; (2) all lands permanently or periodically covered by tidal waters up to but not above the line of mean high tide and seaward to a line three geographical miles distant from the coast line of each such State and to the boundary line of each such State where in any case such boundary as it existed at the time such State became a member of the Union, or as heretofore approved by Congress, extends seaward (or into the Gulf of Mexico) beyond three geographical miles,1 and (3) all filled in, made, or reclaimed lands which formerly were lands beneath navigable waters, as hereinabove defined.
- Landsat 6 contractor - the private sector entity which was awarded the contract for spacecraft construction, operations, and data marketing rights for the Landsat 6 spacecraft.
- Landsat 7 - the follow-on satellite to Landsat 6.
- Landsat system - Landsats 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, and any follow-on land remote sensing system operated and owned by the United States Government, along with any related ground equipment, systems, and facilities owned by the United States Government.
- language categories - The Department uses the following groupings to distinguish language difficulty and normal course of study - Category I Languages (World Languages) French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian, Spanish, Danish, Dutch, Norwegian and Swedish Category II Languages (Difficult World Languages) German, Indonesian, Malay, and Swahili Category III Languages (Hard Languages) Most non-Romance/ Germanic except Arabic, Chinese (Cantonese and Mandarin,) Japanese and Korean Category IV Languages (Super Hard Languages) Arabic, Chinese (Cantonese and Mandarin), Japanese and Korean.
- language minorities or language minority group - persons who are American Indian, Asian American, Alaskan Natives or of Spanish heritage.
- language-designated position - A language-designated position (LDP) is a position officially designated by the Department as requiring a specified level of language competence on the part of the incumbent. Also called LDP.
- language-preferred position - A position that bears a language designation of 0/ 0 is language preferred. Also called LPP.
- laptop - portable electronic device, usually a traditional notebook computer with a folding screen, with features such as an internal hard drive, standard communications, and peripheral data ports that are
523 similar to those on a standard desktop computer. Terms )
- large employer – an employer who employed an average of at least 51 employees on business days during the preceding calendar year and who employs at least 2 employees on the first day of the plan year.
- large group market - the health insurance market under which individuals obtain health insurance coverage (directly or through any arrangement) on behalf of themselves (and their dependents) through a group health plan maintained by a large employer.
- large trader - every person who, for his own account or an account for which he exercises investment discretion, effects transactions for the purchase or sale of any publicly traded security or securities by use of any means or instrumentality of interstate commerce or of the mails, or of any facility of a national securities exchange, directly or indirectly by or through a registered broker or dealer in an aggregate amount equal to or in excess of the identifying activity level.
- large vehicle-borne improvised explosive device - improvised explosive device (IED) built into any large ground-based vehicle (e.g., dump truck, panel truck, bongo truck, commercial bus, tanker, etc.) and/ or serves as the concealment means for a large amount of explosives (2000 lbs. )
- large wind energy system - a wind energy system which is not a small wind energy system.
- large yacht - a vessel that exceeds 79 feet in length, is used primarily for recreation or pleasure, and has been previously sold by a manufacturer or dealer to a retail consumer.
- laser rangefinder - A device that uses laser energy for determining the distance from the device to a place or object.
- laser seeker - A device based on a direction-sensitive receiver that detects the energy reflected from a laser designated target and defines the direction of the target relative to the receiver. See also laser- guided weapon.
- laser spot - The area on a surface illuminated by a laser. See also spot.
- laser spot tracker - A device that locks on to the reflected energy from a laser-marked or designated target and defines the direction of the target relative to itself. Also called LST.
- laser target designator - A device that emits a beam of laser energy which is used to mark a specific place or object. Also called LTD. See also target.
- laser-guided weapon - A weapon that uses a seeker to detect laser energy reflected from a laser marked/ designated target and through signal processing provides guidance commands to a control system, which guides the weapon to the point from which the laser energy is being reflected. Also called LGW.
- late enrollee - a participant or beneficiary who enrolls under the plan other than during- (A) the first period in which the individual is eligible to enroll under the plan, or (B) a special enrollment period.
- late enrollee - with respect to coverage under a group health plan, a participant or beneficiary who enrolls under the plan other than during- (A) the first period in which the individual is eligible to enroll under the plan, or (B) a special enrollment period.
- latent defect - a defect that exists at the time of acceptance but cannot be discovered by a reasonable inspection.
- lateral mail - Mail sent directly from one Foreign Service post to another.
- lateral pouch - A diplomatic pouch sent directly from one Foreign Service post to another.
- latest arrival date - A day, relative to C-Day, that is specified by the supported combatant commander as the latest date when a unit, a resupply shipment, or replacement personnel can arrive at the port of debarkation and support the concept of operations. Also called LAD.
- launch - to place or try to place a launch vehicle or reentry vehicle and any payload or human being from Earth — (A) in a suborbital trajectory; (B) in Earth orbit in outer space; or (C) otherwise in outer space, including activities involved in the preparation of a launch vehicle or payload for launch, when those activities take place at a launch site in the United States.
- launch - to place, or attempt to place, a launch vehicle and its payload, if any, in a suborbital trajectory, in Earth orbit in outer space, or otherwise in outer space.
- launch property - an item built for, or used in, the launch preparation or launch of a launch vehicle.
launch services- (A) activities involved in the preparation of a launch vehicle, payload, crew (including crew training), government astronaut, or space flight participant for launch; and (B) the conduct of a launch.
- launch services - activities involved in the preparation of a launch vehicle and its payload for launch and the conduct of a launch.
- launch site - the location on Earth from which a launch takes place (as defined in a license the Secretary issues or transfers under this chapter) and necessary facilities at that location.
- launch support facilities - facilities located at launch sites or launch ranges that are required to support launch activities, including launch vehicle assembly, launch vehicle operations and control, communications, flight safety functions, and payload operations, control, and processing.
launch vehicle- (A) a vehicle built to operate in, or place a payload or human beings in, outer space; and
- launch vehicle - any vehicle constructed for the purpose of operating in, or placing a payload in, outer space.
- launch vehicle - any vehicle constructed for the purpose of operating in or placing a payload in outer space or in suborbital trajectories, and includes components of that vehicle.
- law enforcement activity - activity directed toward the preservation of public order and safety, including protection of persons and property (real and other) in accordance with a statutory authority includes efforts as authorized by law to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of, or the incarceration of any person for any violation of law, and has statutory powers of arrest.
- law enforcement agency - an agency of a State, a political subdivision of a State, or a Federally recognized tribe that is authorized by law to supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or
525 prosecution of any violation of criminal law. Code 46, §70131 )
- law enforcement agency - an agency of the United States, a State, or a political subdivision of a State, authorized by law or by a government agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of any violation of criminal law.
- law enforcement agency - Any of a number of agencies (outside the Department of Defense) chartered and empowered to enforce US laws in the United States, a state or territory (or political subdivision) of the United States, a federally recognized Native American tribe or Alaskan Native Village, or within the borders of a host nation. Also called LEA.
- law enforcement intelligence - information collected, received, processed, exploited, analyzed, produced, or disseminated under law enforcement or regulatory authorities that has tactical, operational, or strategic value.
- law enforcement officer - a public servant authorized by law or by a government agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of an offense.
- law enforcement officer - an employee, the duties of whose position are primarily the investigation, apprehension, prosecution, detention, or supervision of individuals suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States, including any law enforcement officer.
- law enforcement officer - any officer or employee of the United States, any State, any political subdivision of a State, or the District of Columbia, while engaged in the enforcement or prosecution of any of the criminal laws of the United States, a State, any political subdivision of a State, or the District of Columbia; and such term shall specifically include members of the National Guard, members of the organized militia of any State, or territory of the United States, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, or the District of Columbia not included within the National Guard, and members of the Armed Forces of the United States, while engaged in suppressing acts of violence or restoring law and order during a civil disorder.
- law enforcement officer - any officer, agent, or employee of the United States, a State, or a political subdivision of a State, authorized by law or by a government agency to engage in or supervise the prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution of any violation of criminal law.
- law enforcement officer - position occupied by an employee authorized by statute to enforce the laws of the United States, carry firearms, and make criminal arrests in the performance of their assigned duties includes designated U.S. Coast Guard and other military officers and members.
- law enforcement officer position - position occupied by an employee whose primary duties are the investigation, apprehension, or detention of persons suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States or the protection of officials of the United States against threats to personal safety includes an employee engaged in these activities who is transferred to a supervisory or administrative position; excludes an employee whose primary duties involve maintaining law and order, protecting life and property, guarding against or inspecting for violations of law, or investigating persons other than persons who are suspected or convicted of offenses against the criminal laws of the United States.
- law enforcement online - virtual private network accredited and approved by the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) for sensitive but unclassified information used by all levels of the law enforcement, criminal justice, and public safety communities to support investigative operations, send notifications and alerts, and provide an avenue to remotely access other law enforcement and intelligence systems and resources.
- law enforcement personnel - an employee of a Federal, State, or local government agency, including an Indian tribal agency, who has successfully completed law enforcement training approved by the Secretary and is authorized to carry firearms, make arrests, and execute service of process to enforce criminal laws of his or her employing jurisdiction.
- law enforcement personnel - individuals who are: (1) authorized to carry and use firearms; (2) vested with the degree of the police power of arrest the Under Secretary of Transportation for Security considers necessary; and (3) identifiable by appropriate indicia of authority.
- law enforcement related position - position occupied by an employee authorized by statute to carry firearms in the execution of their assigned duties, but does not otherwise meet the restrictive definition of law enforcement officer includes: seized property custodian physical security specialist protective support technician
- law enforcement sensitive - marking sometimes applied, in addition to the marking “FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY,” by the Department of Justice and other activities in the law enforcement community, including DHS.
- law enforcement statistics - describe the occurrence of events (including incidences, offenses and arrests) geospatially located, related to ordinance and statutory violations and the individuals involved in those occurrences. Also included are data related to deployment of law enforcement resources and performance measures.
- law enforcement technology - investigative and forensic technologies, corrections technologies, and technologies that support the judicial process.
- law of armed conflict - See law of war.
- law of war - That part of international law that regulates the conduct of armed hostilities. Also called the law of armed conflict. See also rules of engagement.
- lawful permanent resident - status accorded to an individual who has been lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States as an immigrant in accordance with immigration laws, such status not having changed.
- lawfully admitted - the status of having been lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States as an immigrant in accordance with the immigration laws, such status not having changed.
- lawfully admitted for permanent residence - the status of having been lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States as an immigrant in accordance with the immigration laws, such status not having changed.
- layover - The period of time between connecting flights during travel. Per diem including lodging may be authorized for layovers that encompass any hours of darkness during which it could normally be expected that the traveler would need to sleep between flights. Per diem including lodging may be authorized for extended daytime layovers in circumstances during which it could normally be expected that the traveler would need bed-rest; for example, travelers with special needs or families with infants. (See the definition of per diem. )
- lead - In intelligence usage, a person with potential for exploitation, warranting additional assessment,
527 contact, and/ or development. JP 2‐01.2 )
- lead agency - The United States Government agency designated to coordinate the interagency oversight of the day-to-day conduct of an ongoing operation.
- lead agency - The US Government agency designated to coordinate the interagency oversight of the day- to-day conduct of an ongoing operation.
- lead agent - 1. An individual Service, combatant command, or Joint Staff directorate assigned to develop and maintain a joint publication. (CJCSM 5120.01) 2. In medical materiel management, the designated unit or organization to coordinate or execute day-to-day conduct of an ongoing operation or function. Also called LA.
- lead aircraft - 1. The airborne aircraft designated to exercise command of other aircraft within the flight. 2. An aircraft in the van of two or more aircraft.
- lead federal agency - The federal agency that leads and coordinates the overall federal response to an emergency. Also called LFA.
lead free- (A) not containing more than 0.2 percent lead when used with respect to solder and flux; and
- lead free - each part or component of the cooler which may come in contact with drinking water contains not more than 8 percent lead, except that no drinking water cooler which contains any solder, flux, or storage tank interior surface which may come in contact with drinking water shall be considered lead free if the solder, flux, or storage tank interior surface contains more than 0.2 percent lead. The Administrator may establish more stringent requirements for treating any part or component of a drinking water cooler as lead free for purposes of this part whenever he determines that any such part may constitute an important source of lead in drinking water.
- lead nation - The nation with the will, capability, competence, and influence to provide the essential elements of political consultation and military leadership to coordinate the planning, mounting, and execution of a multinational operation. See also logistic support; multinational force.
- lead service or agency for common-user logistics - A Service component or Department of Defense agency that is responsible for execution of common-user item or service support in a specific combatant command or multinational operation as defined in the combatant or subordinate joint force commander’s operation plan, operation order, and/ or directives. See also common-user logistics.
- lead technical authority - person or office with primary responsibility for the component’s technical capabilities.
- lead-based paint - paint or other surface coating that contains lead equal to or in excess of 1.0 milligram per square centimeter (mg/ cm2) or 0.5 percent by weight, unless otherwise identified by state regulations.
- lead-based paint - paint or other surface coatings that contain lead in excess of limits.
- lead-based paint abatement - measure or set of measures designed to permanently eliminate lead-based paint hazards includes, but is not limited to: 1.) The removal of LBP and lead-contaminated dust, the permanent enclosure or encapsulation of LBP, the replacement of lead painted surfaces or fixtures,
528 and the removal or covering of lead contaminated soil. 2.) Preparation, cleanup, disposal, and post- abatement clearance testing activities associated with such measures
- lead-based paint hazard - any condition that causes exposure to lead from lead-contaminated dust, lead- contaminated soil, lead-contaminated paint that is deteriorated or present in accessible surfaces, friction surfaces, or impact surfaces that would result in adverse human health effects as established by the appropriate Federal agency.
- lead-based paint hazard - condition that causes exposure to lead from lead-contaminated dust, lead- contaminated soil, or lead-based paint that is deteriorated or present in accessible surfaces, friction surfaces, or impact surfaces that would result in adverse human health effects as identified by the Environmental Protection Agency or authorized regulatory agency pursuant to the Toxic Substances Control Act.
- lead-contaminated dust - surface dust in residential dwellings that contains an area or mass concentration of lead in excess of levels determined by the appropriate Federal agency to pose a threat of adverse health effects in pregnant women or young children.
- lead-contaminated dust - surface dust that contains an area or mass concentration of lead at, or in excess of, levels identified by the Environmental Protection Agency or authorized regulatory agency pursuant to the Toxic Substances Control Act.
- lead-contaminated soil - bare soil on residential real property that contains lead at or in excess of the levels determined to be hazardous to human health by the appropriate Federal agency.
- lead-contaminated soil - exposed soil that contains lead at, or in excess of, levels identified by the Environmental Protection Agency or authorized regulatory agency pursuant to the Toxic Substances Control Act.
- leadership and education - professional development of leaders as the product of a learning continuum that comprises training, experience, education, and self-improvement .
- leadership in energy and environmental design - internationally-recognized green building certification system encourages and accelerates global adoption of sustainable green-building and development practices through the creation and implementation of universally understood and accepted tools and performance criteria.
- leadership system - a high-end computing system that is among the most advanced in the world in terms of performance in solving scientific and engineering problems.
- leading change - development and implementation of an organizational vision that integrates key organizational and program goals, priorities, values, and other factors to be able to assess and adjust to changing situations includes: implementing innovative solutions to make organizational improvements, ranging from incremental improvements to major shifts in direction or approach, as appropriate; balancing change and continuity, continually striving to improve service and program performance; creating a work environment that encourages creative thinking, collaboration, and transparency; and maintaining program focus, even under adversity.
- leading people - designing and implementing strategies that maximize employee potential, connects the organization horizontally and vertically, and fosters high ethical standards in meeting the organization’s vision, mission, and goals includes ; providing an inclusive workplace that fosters the development of others to their full potential; allowing for full participation by all employees; facilitating collaboration, cooperation, and teamwork; and supporting constructive resolution of
- lead-lined tank - a water reservoir container in a drinking water cooler which container is constructed of lead or which has an interior surface which is not lead free.
- learning - process of gaining knowledge, understanding, and/ or skill by study, instruction, or experience.
- lease - a contract conveying the right to occupy and use property for a specific period of time in consideration of rent or other compensation. Leases must be created in accordance with Department of State requirements, local laws, and market conditions.
- lease (leasehold) costs - Gross rent including the payment of value added tax (VAT) to the landlord, to the extent that the U.S. Government is not granted an exemption from VAT.
- leased - subjected to a grant of primary possession entered into for a gainful purpose with a determinable fee remaining in the hands of the grantor. With respect to a lease that conveys rights of exploration and development, the exemptions listed in paragraph (1) shall continue with respect to that portion of the leased tract that is used solely for the purposes of exploration.
- leased line - A direct electrical connection between two points leased from a commercial company to provide exclusive use and operation by the lessee.
- leasing company - a lessor that is engaged in the business of leasing or renting for compensation motor vehicles without drivers to a motor carrier, motor private carrier, or freight forwarder.
- least cost option - an option for providing reliable electric services to electric customers which will, to the extent practicable, minimize life-cycle system costs, including adverse environmental effects, of providing such service. To the extent practicable, energy efficiency and renewable resources may be given priority in any least-cost option.
- least developed country - a country which the Trade Representative determines is- (i) a country referred to as a least developed country within the meaning of paragraph (a) of Annex VII to the Subsidies Agreement, or (ii) any other country listed in Annex VII to the Subsidies Agreement, but only if the country has a per capita gross national product of less than $1,000 per annum as measured by the most recent data available from the World Bank.
- least developed country - any country on the United Nations General Assembly list of least developed countries.
- least privilege - The principle requiring that each subject be granted the most restrictive set of privileges needed for the performance of authorized tasks. Application of this principle limits the damage that can result from accident, error, or unauthorized use of an information system. The security objective of granting users only those accesses they need to perform their official duties.
- least restrictive alternative principle - a principle under which a member of the armed forces committed for hospitalization and treatment shall be placed in the most appropriate and therapeutic available setting- (A) that is no more restrictive than is conducive to the most effective form of treatment; and (B) in which treatment is available and the risks of physical injury or property damage posed by such placement are warranted by the proposed plan of treatment.
- leave bank - A pooled fund of annual leave established by an agency for use by the leave bank members in case of a medical emergency.
- leave bank member - A leave contributor who has contributed, in an open enrollment period (or individual enrollment period, as applicable) of the current leave year, at least the minimum amount of annual leave required.
- leave contributor - An employee who contributes annual leave to the annual leave account of a leave recipient or to the leave bank board, where such contribution has been approved by the employee's employing agency or leave bank board.
- leave recipient - A current employee or a leave bank member who has been approved to receive leave from one or more leave donors and/ or the leave bank.
- leave year - the period beginning with the first day of the first complete pay period in a calendar year and ending with the day immediately before the first day of the first complete pay period in the following calendar year.
- leave year - The period from the beginning of the first complete pay period in the calendar year to the beginning of the first complete pay period in the following calendar year.
- left-behind parent - an individual or legal custodian who alleges that an abduction has occurred that is in breach of rights of custody attributed to such individual.
- legacy - A disposition of real or personal property by will.
- legacy systems - Any existing Department messaging system, including the Common LAN Outbound Telegram (CLOUT) system, the Terminal Equipment Replacement (TERP) system, CableXpress, and the Enhanced Alternate Communications Terminal (EACT). Although SMART currently interfaces with the legacy systems, it will eventually replace these systems.
- legal and financial rights record - type of vital documentary material essential to protect the legal and financial rights of the government and of the persons directly affected by its activities includes accounts receivable records, social security records, payroll records, retirement records, and insurance records.
- legal and financial rights records - A second type of vital records. (See the term Vital Records.) These records are essential to protect the legal and financial rights of the Government and of the individuals directly affected by its activities. They include, but are not limited to, accounts receivable records, Social Security records, payroll records, retirement records, insurance records. These records are also referred to as rights and interests records.
legal and law enforcement measures - (A) the enactment and implementation of laws and regulations or the implementation of existing laws and regulations to provide for the progressive control, reduction, and gradual elimination of the illicit cultivation, production, processing, transportation, and distribution of narcotic drugs and other controlled substances; and (B) the effective organization, staffing, equipping, funding, and activation of those governmental authorities responsible for narcotics control. legal and law enforcement measures- (A) the enactment and implementation of laws and regulations or the implementation of existing laws and regulations to provide for the progressive control, reduction, and gradual elimination of the illicit cultivation, production, processing, transportation, and distribution of narcotic drugs and other controlled substances; and(B) the effective organization, staffing, equipping, funding, and activation of those governmental authorities responsible for narcotics control.
- legal custodian - the individual who, or entity that, has legal custody of a child. Legal custody means
531 having legal responsibility for a child under the order of a court of law, a public domestic authority, competent authority, public foreign authority, or by operation of law. (A public foreign authority is an authority operated by a national or sub-national government of a Convention country.) b. In Convention adoptee cases, the legal custodian could be the state, a child welfare organization, or other body appointed by a competent authority. The legal custodian could also include birth parent(s), a non-birth parent (i.e., a step-parent or adoptive parent), or other individual who has legal custody in accordance with the law of the Convention country. c. Generally speaking, the reason behind a legal custodians having legal custody of the child (abandonment, desertion, etc.) is not relevant to a determination of eligibility for the Convention adoptee classification. As long as the legal custodian is able to establish that it has legal custody of the child and all other aspects of the consent meet the requirements described below, his, her, or its consent to the adoption is considered valid USAID, FAM, 9 FAM 102.3‐1 (U) )
- legal custody - the assumption of responsibility for a minor by an adult under the laws of the state and under the order or approval of a court of law or other appropriate government entity. This provision requires that a legal process involving the courts or other recognized government entity take place. An informal custodial or guardianship document, such as a sworn affidavit signed before a notary public, is insufficient for this purpose. b. The legal custody requirement may be fulfilled either prior to or after the child’s adoption. If the adopting parent was granted legal custody by the court or recognized governmental entity prior to the adoption, that period may be counted toward fulfillment of the two-year legal custody requirement. However, if custody was not granted prior to the adoption, the adoption decree must be deemed to mark the commencement of legal custody. c.
- legal hold - A suspension of disposition action(s) of records and the imposition of an obligation not to destroy, alter, modify, or transfer records or other materials whether paper or electronic, that do not fall within the definition of records because of legal, audit, investigative, or other needs.
- legal representative - a parent or an individual who qualifies as a legal guardian under State law.
- legal representative - In its broadest sense means someone who stands in place of, and has legal authority to represent the interests of, another. For the purpose of the handling of estates by consular officers the term legal representative is- (1) An executor designated by will intended to operate in the country where the death occurred or in the country where the deceased was residing at the time of death to take possession and dispose of the decedents personal estate; (2) An administrator appointed by a court of law in intestate proceedings in the country where the death occurred or in the country where the deceased was residing at the time of death to take possession and dispose of the decedents personal estate; (3) The next of kin, if authorized in the country where the death occurred or in the country where the deceased was residing at the time of death to take possession and dispose of the decedents personal estate; or (4) An authorized agent of the individuals described in paragraphs (1), (2) and (3).
- legal representative - the person authorized to act in all matters relating to the death and disposition of the remains of a U.S. citizen who has died abroad.
legalized alien an alien lawfully admitted for temporary or permanent residence who was provided - (A) temporary or permanent residence status under the Immigration and Nationality Act, (B) temporary or permanent residence status under the Immigration and Nationality Act], or (C) permanent residence status under the Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986.
- legatee - A person to whom a legacy is given.
- legitimate law enforcement purpose - function falling within an agency or law enforcement official’s sphere of lawful enforcement authority in preventing, detecting, investigating, or prosecuting an
532 offense or a potential offense, or assisting that agency or law enforcement official in such prevention, detection, investigation, or prosecution does not include personal or collateral purposes not related to the official function of the Law Enforcement Official.
- lend - a purchase coupled with an agreement by the vendor to repurchase; borrow includes a sale coupled with a similar agreement.
lender- (except when used as part of the terms eligible lender and private educational lender)- (A) (i) in the case of a loan made, insured, or guaranteed, an eligible lender; (ii) in the case of any loan issued or provided to a student under part D of subchapter IV, the Secretary; and (iii) in the case of a private education loan, a private educational lender; and (B) any other person engaged in the business of securing, making, or extending education loans on behalf of the lender.
- length of service - The amount of Government service a competing member has based on the official service computation date (SCD).
- lesson learned - concise description of knowledge derived from a particular experience includes good work practice or innovative approach to promote repeat applications, or an adverse work practice or experience to avoid a recurrence.
- lessor - a person owning a pipeline that is leased to and operated by a carrier providing transportation under this part.
- lethal chemical agent and munition - a chemical agent or munition that is designed to cause death, through its chemical properties, to human beings in field concentrations.
- letter - According to the USPS Domestic Mail Manual, letter-size mail is- (1) Not less than 5 inches long, 3-1/ 2 inches high, and 0.007-inch thick; and (2) Not more than 11-1/ 2 inches long, or more than 6-1/ 8 inches high, or more than 1/ 4-inch thick; (3) Not more than 3.5 ounces; and (4) Rectangular, with four square corners and parallel opposite sides.
- letter contract - A written authorization for the contractor to begin work issued prior to the negotiation of a formal contract.
- letter of agreement - An agreement between the U.S. Government and a foreign government under the terms of which a specific project is carried out and reflects the commitments made by both parties to accomplish the project objectives; The instrument that legally obligates executive agency funds to finance an activity; and A summary of the total project and its expected results as agreed upon by the U.S. Government. Also called LOA.
- letter of assessment - document that states a short assessment by Director, Operational Test and Evaluation (DOT&E) that provides the Acquisition Decision Authority with an oversight judgment of operational test execution and subsequent conclusions and recommendations reported by the Operational Test Agent (OTA)will also contain an assessment of the adequacy of the operational test, a concurrence or non-concurrence on the OTA evaluation of operational suitability and operational effectiveness, and any further independent analysis.
- letter of assist - A contractual document issued by the United Nations to a government authorizing it to provide goods or services to a peacekeeping operation. Also called LOA. See also peacekeeping.
- letter of authorization - A document issued by the procuring contracting officer or designee that authorizes contractor personnel authorized to accompany the force to travel to, from, and within the operational area; and, outlines government furnished support authorizations within the operational area. Also called LOA.
- letter of intent - preliminary, non-binding written agreement documenting the intention of two entities to engage in some joint activity for the limited purpose of determining whether a formal, enduring relationship is appropriate signifies the genuine interest of all parties in reaching a final agreement contingent upon more detailed due diligence and negotiations.
- letter of intent - The LOI is a notice to the Claims Office that the employee intends to file a claim for the loss, damage, and/ or theft of personal property. The LOI must include an itemized list of the items lost, damaged, or stolen, be received by the claims office, and bear a postmark which is within 75 days of the accrual date. Also called LOI.
- letter of offer and acceptance - Standard Department of Defense form on which the United States Government documents its offer to transfer to a foreign government or international organization United States defense articles and services via foreign military sales pursuant to the Arms Export Control Act. Also called LOA. See also foreign military sales.
- letter of offer and acceptance - U.S. Department of Defense letter by which the U.S. Government offers to sell to a foreign government or international organization U.S. defense articles, defense services, and training pursuant to the Arms Export Control Act, as amended. The LOA lists the items and/ or services, estimated costs, and the terms and conditions of sale; it also provides for the signature of an appropriate foreign government official to indicate acceptance. Also called LOA.
- letter of request - term used to identify a request from an eligible FMS participant country for the purchase of U.S. defense articles, services, and training. The request may be submitted in a variety of formats. Also called LOR.
- letter rogatory - A formal request for judicial assistance from a court in one country to a court in another country.
- letters of administration - An official document, issued by a court, which authorizes a person to administer the estate of a decedent - who dies intestate or makes a will without naming any executors; when the executor named in the will is incompetent or refuses to act; or when the executor in the will is deceased.
- letters testamentary - An official document issued by a court authorizing the executor named in the will to administer the estate.
- levee - a manmade barrier (such as an embankment, floodwall, or other structure)- (i) the primary purpose of which is to provide hurricane, storm, or flood protection relating to seasonal high water, storm surges, precipitation, or other weather events; and (ii) that is normally subject to water loading for only a few days or weeks during a calendar year.
- levee feature - a structure that is critical to the functioning of a levee, including- (A) an embankment section; (B) a floodwall section; (C) a closure structure; (D) a pumping station; (E) an interior drainage work; and (F) a flood damage reduction channel.
- levee system - 1 or more levee segments, including all levee features that are interconnected and necessary to ensure protection of the associated leveed areas- (A) that collectively provide flood damage reduction to a defined area; and (B) the failure of 1 of which may result in the failure of the entire system.
level 1 acquisition- (A) an acquisition by the Coast Guard- (i) the estimated life-cycle costs of which exceed $1,000,000,000; or (ii) the estimated total acquisition costs of which exceed $300,000,000; or (B) any acquisition that the Chief Acquisition Officer of the Coast Guard determines to have a special interest- (i) due to- (I) the experimental or technically immature nature of the asset; (II) the 534 technological complexity of the asset; (III) the commitment of resources; or (IV) the nature of the capability or set of capabilities to be achieved; or (ii) because such acquisition is a joint acquisition.
- level 2 acquisition - an acquisition by the Coast Guard- (A) the estimated life-cycle costs of which are equal to or less than $1,000,000,000, but greater than $300,000,000; or (B) the estimated total acquisition costs of which are equal to or less than $300,000,000, but greater than $100,000,000.
- level of detail - Within the current joint planning and execution system, movement characteristics for both personnel and cargo are described at six distinct levels of detail. Levels I, V, and VI describe personnel and Levels I through IV and VI for cargo. Levels I through IV are coded and visible in the Joint Operation Planning and Execution System automated data processing. Levels V and VI are used by Joint Operation Planning and Execution System automated data processing feeder systems. a. level I - personnel: expressed as total number of passengers by unit line number. Cargo: expressed in total short tons, total measurement tons, total square feet, and total thousands of barrels by unit line number. Petroleum, oils, and lubricants is expressed by thousands of barrels by unit line number. b. level II - cargo: expressed by short tons and measurement tons of bulk, oversize, outsize, and non-air transportable cargo by unit line number. Also square feet for vehicles and non self- deployable aircraft and boats by unit line number. c. level III - cargo: detail by cargo category code expressed as short tons and measurement tons as well as square feet associated to that cargo category code for an individual unit line number. d. level IV - cargo: detail for individual dimensional data expressed in length, width, and height in number of inches, and weight/ volume in short tons/ measurement tons, along with a cargo description. Each cargo item is associated with a cargo category code and a unit line number). e. level V - personnel: any general summarization/ aggregation of level VI detail in distribution and deployment. f. level VI - personnel: detail expressed by name, Service, military occupational specialty and unique identification number. Cargo: detail expressed by association to a transportation control number or single tracking number or item of equipment to include federal stock number/ national stock number and/ or requisition number. Nested cargo, cargo that is contained within another equipment item, may similarly be identified. Also called JOPES level of detail.
- level of protection - degree of security provided by a particular countermeasure or set of countermeasures.
- level of risk - combined measure of the threat, vulnerability, and consequences posed to a facility from a specified undesirable incident.
- level-of-effort contract - A contract that specifies the number and type of person-hours that the contractor will apply in pursuing the project.
- leverage - In the context of joint operation planning, a relative advantage in combat power and/ or other circumstances against the adversary across one or more domains or the information environment sufficient to exploit that advantage. See also operational art; operational design.
- L-hour - 1. The specific hour on C-day at which a deployment operation commences or is to commence. 2. In amphibious operations, the time at which the first helicopter or tiltrotor aircraft of the airborne ship-to-shore movement wave touches down or is scheduled to touch down in the landing zone.
- liability insurance - insurance for legal liabilities incurred by the insured resulting from- (i) loss of or damage to property of others; (ii) ensuing loss of income or extra expense incurred because of loss of or damage to property of others; ;(iii) bodily injury (including) to persons other than the insured or its employees; or (iv) loss resulting from debt or default of another.
- liaison - That contact or intercommunication maintained between elements of military forces or other agencies to ensure mutual understanding and unity of purpose and action.
- liaison officer - A member of the Command Staff responsible for coordinating with representatives from cooperating and assisting agencies or organizations.
- liaison officer - A subject matter expert drawn from bureaus/ offices already engaged in the Departments domestic emergency response effort but who need not be from the bureau/ office leading the IMT. From their assigned national command structure element (e.g., FEMAs National Response Coordination Center (NRCC), the National Operations Center (NOC), etc.), LOFRs provide the Executive Secretarys Crisis Management Support unit (S/ ES-O/ CMS) with periodic situation reports for inclusion, as appropriate, in briefing materials for the Secretary and Department Principals; or for dissemination, as appropriate, to other bureaus/ offices or to U.S. missions overseas. All LOFRs must be trained on the NRF and NIMS per FEMA standards and LOFRs assigned to the NOC must have Top Secret clearances. Also called LOFR.
- liaison officer - temporary detail of an employee to another agency to coordinate efforts of the parent organization.
- library - information facility where services are provided centered on a collection of information resources, in print or in other formats, which is organized and made accessible for reading or study.
- library services - Procures all periodicals, books and newspapers for the Department.
- license - an agreement that sets terms to allow another party to occupy the property of another without becoming a trespasser. It creates no transferable rights for the licensee and can be revoked at any time by the licensor (owner).
- license intellectual property - contract under which the owner of the intellectual property rights (the licensor) grants a second party (the licensee) the rights to make, use, and sell such intellectual property with or without financial consideration, having however the legal ownership of such intellectual property remaining with the licensor.
- license profession - right or permission granted to an individual by a competent authority to engage in some business or occupation, to do some act, or to engage in some transaction, which but for such license would be unlawful.
- license agreement - A revocable agreement that formalizes the terms of temporary occupancy of property without creating a leasehold right to occupy the property for a specified time.
- licensee - a citizen of the United States holding a valid license for the ownership, construction, and operation of a deepwater port that was issued, transferred, or renewed pursuant to this chapter.
- lie detector - a polygraph, deceptograph, voice stress analyzer, psychological stress evaluator, or any other similar device (whether mechanical or electrical) that is used, or the results of which are used, for the purpose of rendering a diagnostic opinion regarding the honesty or dishonesty of an individual.
- lien - a lien for storage, repair, or cleaning of the property or effects of a servicemember or a lien on such property or effects for any other reason.
- lien creditor - a creditor having a lien on a motor vehicle and includes an assignee for benefit of creditors from the date of assignment, a trustee in a case under title 11 from the date of filing of the petition in that case, and a receiver in equity from the date of appointment of the receiver.
- life cycle - series of stages through which something passes during its lifetime.
536 Terms )
- life cycle - The total phases through which an item passes from the time it is initially developed until the time it is either consumed in use or disposed of as being excess to all known materiel requirements.
- life cycle records - period of time that records are in existence.
- life cycle cost - The overall estimated cost for a particular program alternative over the time period corresponding to the life of the program, including direct and indirect initial costs plus any periodic or continuing costs of operation and maintenance.
- life cycle cost - sum of the present value of capital costs, installation costs, operating costs, maintenance costs, and disposal costs over the lifetime of the project, product, or measure of total cost of acquiring, operating, supporting, and, if applicable, disposing of the items being acquired includes all costs associated with the research, development, procurement, operation, integrated logistics support and disposal of an individual system, or capability, to include its supporting infrastructure that plans, manages, and executes the system or capability over its full life and common support items incurred as a result of the system or capability.
- life cycle cost - the total costs of owning, operating, and maintaining a building over its useful life
- life cycle cost effective - indication that the life cycle costs of a product, project, or measure are estimated to be equal to, or less than the base-case costs i.e., the costs associated with a current or standard practice or product.
- life cycle cost estimate - assessment that provides an exhaustive and structured accounting of all resources and associated cost elements required to develop, produce, deploy, and sustain a particular program.
- life cycle cost risk - risk associated with misestimating life cycle costs and exceeding forecasts, reliance on a small number of vendors without sufficient cost controls.
- life cycle model - framework containing the processes, activities, and activities involved in the development, operation, and maintenance of a software product, spanning the life of the system from the definition of its requirements to the termination of its use.
- life science - field of natural science involved in the scientific study of living organisms (microbes, human beings, animals, and plants) and their products all disciplines and methodologies of biology such as aerobiology, agricultural science, plant science, animal science, bioinformatics, genomics, proteomics, synthetic biology, environmental science, public health, modeling, engineering of living systems, and all applications of the biological sciences.
- life-cycle cost - all costs for development, procurement, construction, and operations and support for a particular capability or asset, without regard to funding source or management control.
- life-cycle cost - Lease-purchase analyses should compare the net discounted present value of the life- cycle cost of leasing with the full costs of buying or constructing an identical asset. The full costs of buying include the asset's purchase price plus the net discounted present value of any relevant ancillary services connected with the purchase. (Guidance on the discount rate to use for lease- purchase analysis) (2) Economic Life. For purposes of lease-purchase analysis, the economic life of an asset is its remaining or productive lifetime. It begins when the asset is acquired and ends when
537 the asset is retired from service. The economic life is frequently not the same as the useful life for tax purposes. (3) Purchase Price. The purchase price of the asset for purposes of lease-purchase analysis is its fair market value, defined as the price a willing buyer could reasonably expect to pay a willing seller in a competitive market to acquire the asset. (a) In the case of property that is already owned by the Federal Government or that has been donated or acquired by condemnation, an imputed purchase price should be estimated. (b) If public land is used for the site of the asset, the imputed market value of the land should be added to the purchase price. (c) The asset's estimated residual value, as of the end of the period of analysis, should be subtracted from its purchase price. (4) Taxes. In analyzing the cost of a lease, the normal payment of taxes on the lessor's income from the lease should not be subtracted from the lease costs since the normal payment of taxes will also be reflected in the purchase cost. The cost to the Treasury of special tax benefits, if any, associated with the lease should be added to the cost of the lease. Examples of such tax benefits might include highly accelerated depreciation allowances or tax-free financing. (5) Ancillary Services. If the terms of the lease include ancillary services provided by the lessor, the present value of the cost of obtaining these services separately should be added to the purchase price. Such costs may be excluded if they are estimated to be the same for both lease and purchase alternatives or too small to affect the comparison. Examples of ancillary services include: (a) All costs associated with acquiring the property and preparing it for use, including construction, installation, site, design, and management costs. (b) Repair and improvement costs (if included in lease payments). (c) Operation and maintenance costs (if included in lease payments). (d) Imputed property taxes (excluding foreign property taxes on overseas acquisitions except where actually paid). The imputed taxes approximate the costs of providing municipal services such as water, sewage, and police and fire protection. (e) Imputed insurance premiums. (6) Estimating Imputed Costs. Certain costs associated with the Federal purchase of an asset may not involve a direct monetary payment. Some of these imputed costs may be estimated as follows. (a) Purchase Price. An imputed purchase price for an asset that is already owned by the Federal Government or which has been acquired by donation or condemnation should be based on the fair market value of similar properties that have been traded on commercial markets in the same or similar localities. The same method should be followed in estimating the imputed value of any Federal land used as a site for the asset. (b) Property Taxes. Imputed property taxes may be estimated in two ways. (i) Determine the property tax rate and assessed (taxable) value for comparable property in the intended locality. If there is no basis on which to estimate future changes in tax rates or assessed values, the first-year tax rate and assessed value (inflation adjusted for each subsequent year) can be applied to all years. Multiply the assessed value by the tax rate to determine the annual imputation for property taxes. (ii) As an alternative to step (i) above, obtain an estimate of the current local effective property tax rate from the Building Owners and Managers Association's Regional Exchange Reports. Multiply the fair market value of the government-owned property (inflation adjusted for each year) by the effective tax rate. (c) Insurance Premiums. Determine local estimates of standard commercial coverage for similar property from the Building Owners and Managers Association's Regional Exchange Reports.
- life-cycle cost - the total cost of a system, building, program, project, or other product, computed over its useful life. It includes all relevant costs involved in acquiring, owning, operating, maintaining, and disposing of the system, project or product over a specified period of time, including environmental and energy costs.
- life-cycle cost - the total of the direct, indirect, recurring, and nonrecurring costs, including the construction of facilities and civil servant costs, and other related expenses incurred or estimated to be incurred in the design, development, verification, production, operation, maintenance, support, and retirement of a program over its planned lifespan, without regard to funding source or management control.
- life-cycle cost - the total of the direct, indirect, recurring, and nonrecurring costs, including the construction of facilities and civil servant costs, and other related expenses incurred or estimated to be incurred in the design, development, verification, production, operation, maintenance, support, and retirement of a program over its planned lifespan, without regard to funding source or
538 management control.
- lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions - the aggregate quantity of greenhouse gas emissions (including direct emissions and significant indirect emissions such as significant emissions from land use changes), as determined by the Administrator, related to the full fuel lifecycle, including all stages of fuel and feedstock production and distribution, from feedstock generation or extraction through the distribution and delivery and use of the finished fuel to the ultimate consumer, where the mass values for all greenhouse gases are adjusted to account for their relative global warming potential.
- life-cycle management - Life-cycle management is the ordered sequential process of planning, applying, and controlling the use of funds, human resources and physical resources from the inception of a project throughout the operational life of the program. This includes defining user requirements, concepts, and systems specifications; acquisition planning, source selection, system implementation, deployment, operations and maintenance, and deactivation.
- lifespan respite care - a coordinated system of accessible, community-based respite care services for family caregivers of children or adults with special needs.
- lifestyle counseling - communication process between a trained health professional and an individual or group as a patient education approach offering information and technical skills stages of counseling include 1) building a relationship, 2) making an informed assessment, 3) establishing agreed upon goals and objectives, and 4) developing an implementation plan.
- lift station - wastewater collection device or system that pumps wastewater from a gravity sewer to a sewer or treatment plant at a higher elevation.
- light / photo-electric sensor - sensor acting as a switch that is looking for a change in ambient light
- light bulb/ flash bulb initiator - device used as electric initiator that incorporates an improvised use of the bulb to initiate primary or low explosives.
- light pipe - a device designed to transport visible solar radiation from its collection point to the interior of a building while excluding interior heat gain in the nonheating season.
- light rail - form of urban rail public transportation that generally has a lower capacity and lower speed than heavy rail and metro systems, but higher capacity and higher speed than traditional street- running tram systems usually two-car trains and driven electrically with power being drawn from an overhead electric line.
- light sensitive trigger - proximity trigger that senses changes in the amount of light in the environment near the sensor and causes a circuit to be completed, firing the device.
- light-duty motor vehicle - Any four-wheeled passenger car, pickup truck, van, or sport utility vehicle
- lighterage - The process in which small craft are used to transport cargo or personnel from ship-to-shore using amphibians, landing craft, discharge lighters, causeways, and barges.
- lignocellulosic feedstock - any portion of a plant or coproduct from conversion, including crops, trees, forest residues, and agricultural residues not specifically grown for food, including from barley grain, grape seed, rice bran, rice hulls, rice straw, soybean matter, and sugarcane bagasse.
- likelihood - chance of something happening, whether defined, measured or estimated objectively or subjectively, or in terms of general descriptors (such as rare, unlikely, likely, almost certain), frequencies, or probabilities.
- likelihood statistical - conditional probability of observing a particular event given the hypothesis under consideration is true.
- limitations to test - test conditions that impact resolution of Critical Operating Issues (COIs) and subsequently impact the ability to evaluate operational effectiveness and operational suitability.
- limited English proficient person - person that does not speak English as their primary language and has a limited ability to read, speak, write, or understand English.
- limited non-career appointment - a Foreign Service non-career appointment to a vacant Foreign Service permanent position with a specific time limitation of more than one year and less than five years. The Foreign Service position is funded from the central salaries account. Employees on these appointments are eligible for those allowances and differentials for which they qualify.
- limited recipient - any legal entity established under State or Federal law benefiting more than twenty- five natural persons.
- limited test-ban treaty - The Treaty Banning Nuclear Weapon Tests in the Atmosphere, in Outer Space and Under Water entered into force October 10, 1963. The treaty prohibits nuclear weapons tests or any other nuclear explosion in the atmosphere, in outer space and under water. While not banning tests underground, the treaty does prohibit nuclear explosions in this environment if they cause radioactive debris to be present outside the territorial limits of the state under whose jurisdiction or control the explosions were conducted. The treaty is of unlimited duration. Also called LTBT.
- limiting factor - A factor or condition that, either temporarily or permanently, impedes mission accomplishment.
- line detection sensor - detecting device that detects along a line.
- line item - the basic structural element in a procurement instrument that describes and organizes the required product or service for pricing, delivery, inspection, acceptance, invoicing, and payment. The use of the term “line item” includes “subline item,” as applicable.
- line item number - either a numeric or alphanumeric format to identify a line item.
- line of business - grouping within a tiered hierarchy of the Federal Enterprise Architecture Business Reference Model that represents the sub-set of functions within a business area of the Federal Government.
- line of business chief - delegated person within the Management Directorate with responsibilities for a set of one or more highly related services (administrative, financial, human resources, information technology, procurement, and security)includes the Chief Financial Officer, Chief Human Capital Officer, Chief Information Officer, Chief Procurement Officer, Chief Readiness Support Officer, and Chief Security Officer.
- line of communications - A route, either land, water, and/ or air, that connects an operating military force with a base of operations and along which supplies and military forces move. Also called LOC.
- line of credit - an arrangement or agreement between the lender and the borrower whereby a loan is paid out by the lender to the borrower in annual installments, or whereby the lender agrees to make, in addition to the initial loan, additional loans in subsequent years.
- line of demarcation - A line defining the boundary of a buffer zone used to establish the forward limits of disputing or belligerent forces after each phase of disengagement or withdrawal has been completed. See also buffer zone; disengagement; peace operations.
- line of departure - 1. In land warfare, a line designated to coordinate the departure of attack elements. Also called LD. 2. In amphibious operations, a suitably marked offshore coordinating line, which is located at the seaward end of a boat lane, to assist in the landing of landing craft and amphibious vehicles on designated beaches at the scheduled times. Also called LOD.
- line of effort - In the context of joint operation planning, using the purpose (cause and effect) to focus efforts toward establishing operational and strategic conditions by linking multiple tasks and missions. Also called LOE.
- line of operation - A line that defines the interior or exterior orientation of the force in relation to the enemy or that connects actions on nodes and/ or decisive points related in time and space to an objective(s). Also called LOO.
- line of sight - A concept that clearly articulates the cause-and-effect relationship between inputs, outputs, and outcomes.
- line supervision current - means where a known voltage is present on the line to the alarm panel.
- lineal consanguinity - The relationship between persons of whom one is descended or ascended in a direct line from the other, as between a particular person and the persons father, grandmother, or great-grandfather.
- line-of-sight sensor - detecting device that performs acceptably only when installed on flat ground with a clear line-of-sight in the detection space.
- lines of business - Descriptions of the services and products the Government provides to its stakeholders.
- link - 1. A behavioral, physical, or functional relationship between nodes. 2. In communications, a general term used to indicate the existence of communications facilities between two points. 3. A maritime route, other than a coastal or transit route, which links any two or more routes. See also node.
- linkage - Connected; combining data from various sources to provide information that can be analyzed. This analyzed information allows meaningful inferences to be made about various aspects of a system. (An example would be linking EMS dispatch records, out-of-hospital patient care records and hospital discharge data. )
- liquefied natural gas - natural gas in a liquid or semisolid state.
- liquefied natural gas accident - a release, burning, or explosion of liquefied natural gas from any cause, except a release, burning, or explosion that, under regulations prescribed by the Secretary, does not pose a threat to public health or safety, property, or the environment.
- liquefied natural gas conversion - conversion of natural gas into liquefied natural gas or conversion of liquefied natural gas into natural gas.
- liquid explosive - explosive material in a liquid statenitric acid esters (e.g. nitroglycerin, nitroglycol) and EDGN.
- liquidating account - the budget account that includes all cash flows to and from the Government resulting from direct loan obligations or loan guarantee commitments made prior to October 1, 1991. These accounts shall be shown in the budget on a cash basis.
- listening watch - A continuous receiver watch established for the reception of communication addressed to, or of interest to, the unit maintaining the watch, with complete log optional.
- lists of actual voters - the official lists of persons actually voting in either the most recent State or the most recent Federal general election.
- listserve - A communication tool that offers its subscribed members the chance to post questions, suggestions, or comments to a large number of people concurrently. The submission is distributed to all subscribed members on the list.
- literacy - an individual's ability to read, write, and speak in English, compute, and solve problems, at levels of proficiency necessary to function on the job, in the family of the individual, and in society.
- litigation hold - A suspension of disposition action(s) of paper and ESI following the commencement of a legal proceeding or due to the reasonable anticipation of litigation, and the imposition of an obligation not to destroy, alter, modify, or transfer records or other materials, whether paper or electronic, that do not fall within the definition of records. Records that may be responsive to a discovery request, regardless of physical location, are required to be kept for as long as a hold is in place. A litigation hold is one type of legal hold.
- litigation support contractor - a contractor (including an expert or technical consultant) under contract with the Department of Defense to provide litigation support.
- littoral - The littoral comprises two segments of operational environment: 1. Seaward: the area from the open ocean to the shore, which must be controlled to support operations ashore. 2. Landward: the area inland from the shore that can be supported and defended directly from the sea.
- live poultry dealer - any person engaged in the business of obtaining live poultry by purchase or under a poultry growing arrangement for the purpose of either slaughtering it or selling it for slaughter by another, if poultry is obtained by such person in commerce, or if poultry obtained by such person is sold or shipped in commerce, or if poultry products from poultry obtained by such person are sold or shipped in commerce.
livestock- (A) cattle (including dairy cattle); (B) bison; (C) poultry; (D) sheep; (E) swine; (F) horses; and
- livestock - cattle, sheep, swine, horses, mules, or goats-whether live or dead.
livestock- (A) cattle (including dairy cattle); (B) bison; (C) poultry; (D) sheep; (E) swine; (F) horses; and
- livestock products - all products and byproducts (other than meats and meat food products) of the slaughtering and meat-packing industry derived in whole or in part from livestock.
living cases of HIV/ AIDS- (i) the number of living non-AIDS cases of HIV in the area; and (ii) the number of living cases of AIDS in the area.
- living quarters allowance - An allowance intended to cover the average costs of rent and utilities incurred by U.S. citizen civilian employees living in a foreign area by reason of employment with the U.S. Government. The LQA is available if U.S. Government quarters are not provided. The amount of the allowance varies by post, employee grade or rank, and size of family. Also called LQA.
- living will - Advance Directive, Durable Power of Attorney - Legal instruments that enable a person to indicate their wishes regarding medical treatment and disposition of remains in the event of a catastrophic condition.
- load signal - In personnel recovery, a visual signal displayed in a covert manner to indicate the presence of an individual or object at a given location. See also evasion; recovery operations.
- loaded firearm - a starter gun or a weapon designed or converted to expel a projectile through an explosive, that has a cartridge, a detonator, or powder in the chamber, magazine, cylinder, or clip.
- loading plan - All of the individually prepared documents which, taken together, present in detail all instructions for the arrangement of personnel, and the loading of equipment for one or more units or other special grouping of personnel or material moving by highway, water, rail, or air transportation.
- load-serving entity - a distribution utility or an electric utility that has a service obligation.
- loan - a Federal loan or loan guarantee received or administered by a non-Federal entity.
- loan - A Federal loan or loan guarantee received or administered by a non-Federal entity.
- loan guarantee - any guarantee or other pledge by the Secretary or the Administrator to pay all or part of the principal of, and interest on, a loan or other debt obligation issued by an obligor and funded by a lender.
- loan guarantee - any guarantee, insurance, or other pledge with respect to the payment of all or a part of the principal or interest on any debt obligation of a non-Federal borrower to a non-Federal lender, but does not include the insurance of deposits, shares, or other withdrawable accounts in financial institutions.
- loan guarantee commitment - a binding agreement by a Federal agency to make a loan guarantee when specified conditions are fulfilled by the borrower, the lender, or any other party to the guarantee agreement.
- loaned executive - unpaid, temporary federal employee with specialized private sector expertise.
- loaned executive program - mechanism by which DHS can obtain expertise from the private sector to provide critical skills that cannot be obtained through other existing hiring mechanisms.
- loaned executive program board - decision making body for the purpose of reviewing and approving position descriptions to be filled by the Loaned Executive Program is comprised of a representative from the Office of Chief Human Capital Officer (OCHCO), Office of the General Counsel (OGC)/
543 General Law Directive (GLD), Private Sector Office (PSO), Office of the Chief Procurement Officer (OCPO), and the Designated Agency Ethics Official (DAEO).
- loaned permit - A permit that is loaned to another person due to primary permit holder travel, vacation, etc. The person loaning the permit is responsible for ensuring that the person using the permit is aware of all the parking requirements. Any infractions incurred during that time will be assigned to the primary permit holder.
local- (A) a county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments (regardless of whether the council of governments is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under State law), regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government; and (B) a rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity as defined in the Homeland Security Act of 2002. local community]- (A) a county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments (regardless of whether the council of governments is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under state law), regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government; (B) an Indian tribe or authorized tribal organization, or in Alaska a Native village or Alaska Regional Native Corporation; and (C) a rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity.
- local alarm - security device that annunciates at the location of a locking device, to discourage or announce intrusion attempts.
- local area network - A number of interconnected data communication protocols and devices joining a wide variety of devices such as computers, printers, storage devices, and other peripheral equipment within a single building or a campus of buildings. LANs provide the capability to share files and other resources among multiple users. Also called LAN.
- local area network - A system that links together electronic office equipment, such as computers, servers, and peripheral equipment, and forms a network within an office or building. Also called LAN.
- local area networks - A user-owned and operated data transmission facility connecting a number of communicating devices such as computers, terminals, printers, and storage devices within a single building or a campus of buildings to provide a capability to share files and other resources among several users. Also called LANs.
- local board - an intercounty local board in the case of any registrant who is subject to the jurisdiction of an intercounty local board.
- local commuting area - The geographic area that usually constitutes one area for employment purposes as determined by the agency. It includes any population center (or two or more neighboring ones) and the surrounding localities in which people live and can reasonably be expected to travel back and forth daily to their usual employment.
- local compensation plan - The official system of compensation for locally employed staff at a Foreign Service post or an office of the American Institute in Taiwan, established in the Foreign Service Act of 1980, as amended. The LCP consists of salary schedule(s) and salary rates; benefit plans authorizing various types of benefit payments and premium pay rates; and other pertinent facets of local compensation. Also called LCPs.
- local configuration control board - A formally constituted group of stakeholders responsible for maintaining control of their own hardware and software change processes within the bounds of the
544 IT CCB Standard Operating Procedure. Also called Local CCB.
- local educational agency - an elementary school, secondary school, school district, or local board of education that is the recipient of funds under an applicable program, but does not include a postsecondary institution.
local financial institution- (1) any bank or financial institution that is organized under the laws of any country or area in which the Corporation operates; but (2) does not include a branch, however organized, of a bank or other financial institution that is organized under the laws of a country in which the Corporation does not operate.
- local government - a county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments (whether or not incorporated as a non- profit corporation under State law), any other regional or interstate government entity, or any agency or instrumentality of a local government.
- local government - (A) a county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments (regardless of whether the council of governments is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under State law), regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government; (B) an Indian tribe or authorized tribal organization, or in Alaska a Native village or Alaska Regional Native Corporation; and (C) a rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity.
- local government - A county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments (regardless of whether the council of governments is incorporated as a nonprofit corporation under State law), regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government; an Indian tribe or authorized tribal entity, or in Alaska a Native Village or Alaska Regional Native Corporation; a rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity.
- local government - any borough, city, county, parish, town, township, village, or other political subdivision of a State.
- local government - any unit of local government within a State, including a county, borough, municipality, city, town, township, parish, local public authority, special district, school district, intrastate district, council of governments, and any other instrumentality of local government.
- local government - public entities responsible for the security and welfare of a designated area as established by law includes county, municipality, city, town, township, local public authority, school district, special district, intrastate district, council of governments; regional or interstate government entity, or agency or instrumentality of a local government; an Indian tribe or authorized tribal organization, a native village or native cooperation; or a rural community, unincorporated town or village, or other public entity; State governments are separate entities and are not included in the definition of local government.
local governmental authority- (A) a political subdivision of a State; (B) an authority of at least 1 State or political subdivision of a State; (C) an Indian tribe; and (D) a public corporation, board, or commission established under the laws of a State.
- local last mile - DPM funds mail movement to the nearest local Airport for a given country or Regional DPO location. Any costs associated with onward movement of mail items are at the cost of the Regional DPO and those locations supported per local agreement.
local operating agency- (A) a local educational agency to which a State educational agency makes a subgrant under this part; (B) a public or private agency with which a State educational agency or the 545 Secretary makes an arrangement to carry out a project under this part; or (C) a State educational agency, if the State educational agency operates the State's migrant education program or projects directly.
- local sponsor - An individual or entity in an American community arranging a visitors program in that locality. The local sponsor is typically a member of National Council for International Visitors (NCIV).
- locality rates - The maximum per diem rates prescribed for specific localities.
- locally employed staff - All personnel hired and funded at post such as Foreign Service nationals (FSNs), temporary and part-time U.S. citizens, third-country nationals (TCNs), and personal services agreement (PSA) employees. Also called LE Staff.
- locally or regionally produced agricultural food product - any agricultural food product that is raised, produced, and distributed in: (I) the locality or region in which the final product is marketed, so that the total distance that the product is transported is less than 400 miles from the origin of the product; or (II) the State in which the product is produced.
- locate - In personnel recovery, the task where actions are taken to precisely find and authenticate the identity of isolated personnel.
- location - any geographic point or area declared or identified by the United States or specified by the International Atomic Energy Agency.
- locomotive horn - a train-borne audible warning device meeting standards specified by the Secretary of Transportation.
- locomotive visibility - the enhancement of day and night visibility of the front end unit of a train, considering in particular the visibility and perspective of a driver of a motor vehicle at a grade crossing.
- lodging - See the definition of per diem.
- lodging-plus per diem system - A single worldwide computation system that includes two components -
- lodgment - A designated area in a hostile or potentially hostile operational area that, when seized and held, makes the continuous landing of troops and materiel possible and provides maneuver space for subsequent operations.
- logged on but unattended - A workstation is considered logged on but unattended when the user is- (1 ) Logged on but is not physically present in the area; and (2) There is no one else present with an appropriate level of clearance safeguarding access to the workstation. Coverage must be equivalent to that which would be required to safeguard hard copy information if the same employee were away from his or her desk. Users of logged on but unattended classified workstations are subject to the issuance of security violations.
- logical data model - graphical representation of the information requirements of a business area at a
546 more granular level than a Conceptual Data Model and includes data objects and their interrelationships.Lexicon, Terms )
- logically disconnect - Although the physical connection between the control unit and a terminal remains intact, a system enforced disconnection prevents communication between the control unit and the terminal.
- logistic support - Support that encompasses the logistic services, materiel, and transportation required to support the continental United States-based and worldwide deployed forces.
- logistic support, supplies, and services - food, billeting, transportation (including airlift), petroleum, oils, lubricants, clothing, communications services, medical services, ammunition, base operations support (and construction incident to base operations support), storage services, use of facilities, training services, spare parts and components, repair and maintenance services, calibration services, and port services. Such term includes temporary use of general purpose vehicles and other nonlethal items of military equipment which are not designated as significant military equipment on the United States Munitions List promulgated pursuant to the Arms Export Control Act.
- logistics - detailed coordination of complex operations involving many resources encompasses the efficient planning, integration, and management of resources to achieve mission objectives.
- logistics - Planning and executing the movement and support of forces.
- logistics - The science of planning and implementing the acquisition and use of the resources necessary to sustain business operations.
- logistics over-the-shore operation area - That geographic area required to conduct a logistics over-the- shore operation. Also called LOA. See also logistics over-the-shore operations.
- logistics over-the-shore operations - The loading and unloading of ships without the benefit of deep draft-capable, fixed port facilities; or as a means of moving forces closer to tactical assembly areas dependent on threat force capabilities. Also called LOTS operations. See also joint logistics over- the-shore operations.
- logistics section- (1) Incident Command - Section responsible for providing facilities, services, and material support for the incident. (2) Joint Field Office (JFO) - Section that coordinates logistics support to include control of and accountability for Federal supplies and equipment; resource ordering; delivery of equipment, supplies, and services to the JFO and other field locations; facility location, setup, space management, building services, and general facility operations; transportation coordination and fleet management services; information and technology systems services; administrative services such as mail management and reproduction; and customer assistance.
- logistics supportability analysis - Combatant command internal assessment for the Joint Strategic Capabilities Plan on capabilities and shortfalls of key logistic capabilities required to execute and sustain the concept of support conducted on all level three plans with the time phased force deployment data. Also called LSA.
- lone offender - person motivated by one or more violent extremist ideologies that, operating alone, supports or engages in acts of unlawful violence in furtherance of that ideology or ideologies that may involve influence from a larger terrorist organization or a foreign actor.
- long range cordless telephone switch - switch utilizing a cordless telephone that has the capability to transmit signal significantly further than a normal telephone from the base station.
- long range identification and tracking - reporting system for tracking vessels greater than 300 gross tons beyond the normal range of the Automatic Identification System (AIS) requiring ships to transmit information including the ship's identity, location and date and time of the position when the mandatory SOLAS amendments come into force.
- longshore work - any activity relating to the loading or unloading of cargo, the operation of cargo-related equipment (whether or not integral to the vessel), and the handling of mooring lines on the dock when the vessel is made fast or let go, in the United States or the coastal waters thereof.
- long-term contract - in relation to solid waste supply, a contract of sufficient duration to assure the viability of a resource recovery facility (to the extent that such viability depends upon solid waste supply).
- long-term firm power service contract - any contract for the sale by Western Area Power Administration of firm capacity, with or without energy, which is to be delivered over a period of more than one year.
- long-term recovery - A process of recovery that may continue for a number of months or years, depending on the severity and extent of the damage sustained. For example, long-term recovery may include the complete redevelopment of damaged areas.
- loss - death, bodily injury, or loss of or damage to property, including business interruption loss.
- loss - the involuntary severance or detachment of the child from the parents in a permanent manner such as that caused by a natural disaster, civil unrest, or other calamitous event beyond the control of the parents, as verified by a competent authority in accordance with the laws of the foreign sending country.
loss of employment- (1) Letter from the employer; (2) Official records indicating that the business was completely destroyed; or (3) Other documentation showing the complete destruction of the business. b. The PATRIOT Act notes that if the principal alien is able to continue in the employment of the business at a different location, after destruction on September 11, such an alien is not considered to have lost employment as a result of the September 11 attacks. loss ratio- the ratio of all sums paid by the Corporation as indemnities under any eligible crop insurance policy to that portion of the premium designated for anticipated losses and a reasonable reserve, other than that portion of the premium designated for operating and administrative expenses.
- lost pouch - Any pouch-out-of-control not recovered.
- lot - a group of one or more livestock that is identified for the purpose of a single transaction between a buyer and a seller.
- low explosive - combustible materials which are characterized by deflagration (rapid burn)does not produce a shock wave and generally requiring confinement to explode.
- low greenhouse gas emitting vehicle - A vehicle that emits green house gases during operation in a level below a certain threshold defined for that specific vehicle by EPA. This term applies generically to both LDMVs and MDPVs within the context of this policy document. Also called LGHGEV.
low incidence disability- (A) a visual or hearing impairment, or simultaneous visual and hearing impairments; (B) a significant cognitive impairment; or (C) any impairment for which a small number of personnel with highly specialized skills and knowledge are needed in order for children 548 with that impairment to receive early intervention services or a free appropriate public education.
low or no emission vehicle- (i) a passenger vehicle used to provide public transportation that the Secretary determines sufficiently reduces energy consumption or harmful emissions, including direct carbon emissions, when compared to a comparable standard vehicle; or (ii) a zero emission vehicle used to provide public transportation.
- low power radio controlled improvised explosive device transmitter - radio controlled improvised explosive (RCIED) device transmitter with an output power less than 0.35 watt.
- low rate initial production - minimum number of production representative articles for operational test and evaluation (OT&E), to establish an initial production base, and to permit an orderly increase in the production rate sufficient to lead to full rate production (FRP) upon successful completion of operational testing. Also called LRIP.
- low velocity drop - A drop procedure in which the drop velocity does not exceed 30 feet per second.
- low-altitude missile engagement zone - In air defense, that airspace of defined dimensions within which the responsibility for engagement of air threats normally rests with low- to medium-altitude surface- to-air missiles. Also called LOMEZ.
- low-Btu gas - a fuel gas with a heating value of less than 250 Btu per standard cubic foot measured as the higher heating value resulting from the inclusion of noncombustible gases, including nitrogen, helium, argon, and carbon dioxide.
- low-enriched uranium - uranium enriched below 20 percent in the isotope 235.
- lower living standard income level - that income level (adjusted for regional, metropolitan, urban, and rural differences and family size) determined annually by the Secretary of Labor based on the most recent lower living family budget issued by the Secretary.
- lower-risk traveler - person determined by a DHS Component to be eligible for expedited travel screening and processing for a limited period of time and based on specific travel arrangements determination includes a risk-based assessment of government information and conclusion that the threat the person may pose to public safety and national security is commensurate with the level of expedited screening and processing afforded.
- lowest achievable emission rate - that rate of emissions which reflects (A) the most stringent emission limitation which is contained in the implementation plan of any State for such class or category of source, unless the owner or operator of the proposed source demonstrates that such limitations are not achievable, or (B) the most stringent emission limitation which is achieved in practice by such class or category of source, whichever is more stringent.
- lowest price technically acceptable - A process used in competitive negotiated contracting where the best value is expected to result from selection of the technically acceptable proposal with the lowest evaluated price. Also called LPTA.
- lowest-class steamer accommodations - The least expensive class of reserved accommodations available on a steamer.
- low-impact system - An information system in which all three security objectives (i.e., confidentiality, integrity, and availability) are assigned a FIPS 199 potential impact value of low.
- low-impact system - An information system in which all three security objectives (i.e., confidentiality, integrity, and availability) are assigned a FIPS 199 potential impact value of low.
- low-income families - those families whose incomes do not exceed 80 per centum of the median income for the area, as determined by the Secretary with adjustments for smaller and larger families, except that the Secretary may establish income ceilings higher or lower than 80 per centum of the median for the area on the basis of the Secretary's findings that such variations are necessary because of prevailing levels of construction costs or unusually high or low family incomes.
- low-income individual - an individual from a family whose taxable income for the preceding year did not exceed 150 percent of an amount equal to the poverty level determined by using criteria of poverty established by the Bureau of the Census.
- low-income migrant or seasonal farmworker - an individual- (1) who has, during any consecutive 12 month period within the preceding 24 month period, performed farm work for wages; (2) who has received not less than one-half of such individual's total income, or been employed at least one-half of total work time in farm work; and (3) whose annual family income within the 12 month period referred to in paragraph (1) does not exceed the higher of the poverty level or 70 percent of the lower living standard income level.
- low-income veteran - a veteran whose income does not exceed 80 percent of the median income for an area, as determined by the Secretary.
- low-level transit route - A temporary corridor of defined dimensions established in the forward area to minimize the risk to friendly aircraft from friendly air defenses or surface forces. Also called LLTR.
- low-polluting fuel - methanol, ethanol, propane, or natural gas, or any comparably low-polluting fuel. In determining whether a fuel is comparably low-polluting, the Administrator shall consider both the level of emissions of air pollutants from vehicles using the fuel and the contribution of such emissions to ambient levels of air pollutants. For purposes of this paragraph, the term methanol includes any fuel which contains at least 85 percent methanol unless the Administrator increases such percentage as he deems appropriate to protect public health and welfare.
- low-visibility operations - Sensitive operations wherein the diplomatic-military restrictions inherent in covert and clandestine operations are either not necessary or not feasible; actions are taken as required to limit exposure of those involved and/ or their activities and with the knowledge that the action and/ or sponsorship of the operation may preclude plausible denial by the initiating power.
- lubricating oil - the fraction of crude oil which is sold for purposes of reducing friction in any industrial or mechanical device. Such term includes re-refined oil.
- lump-sum credit - the unrefunded amount consisting of retirement deductions made from a participant's basic pay and amounts deposited by a participant covering earlier service, including any amounts deposited.