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The Eucharist (/juːˈkærɪst/; also known as Holy Communion or the Lord's Supper, among other names) is a Christian rite that is considered a sacrament in most churches, and as an ordinance in others.


The term Eucharist is derived from the Greek word Eucharistia which means "thanksgiving".


According to the New Testament, the rite was instituted by Jesus Christ during the Last Supper; giving his disciples bread and wine during a Passover meal, Jesus commanded his followers to "do this in memory of me" while referring to the bread as "my body" and the wine as "my blood".

Related Terms

  • Sacrament: A religious ceremony or act of the Christian Church that is regarded as an outward and visible sign of inward and spiritual divine grace, in particular.
  • Last Supper: The final meal that, in the Gospel accounts, Jesus shared with his apostles in Jerusalem before his crucifixion.
  • Communion: The sharing or exchanging of intimate thoughts and feelings, especially when the exchange is on a mental or spiritual level.
  • Transubstantiation: The conversion of the substance of the Eucharistic elements into the body and blood of Christ at consecration, only the appearances of bread and wine still remaining.

See Also

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