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Gilbert's Syndrome

Gilbert's Syndrome (pronounced /ˈʒil.bɛʁ/), also known as constitutional hepatic dysfunction and unconjugated benign bilirubinemia, is a mild liver disorder that is characterized by an elevated level of unconjugated bilirubin in the bloodstream.


The syndrome is named after the French physician Augustin Nicolas Gilbert and his colleagues who first described it in 1901.


Gilbert's Syndrome is a common, harmless liver condition in which the liver doesn't properly process a substance called bilirubin. Bilirubin is produced by the breakdown of red blood cells.


People with Gilbert's Syndrome often experience no symptoms or only mild symptoms. When symptoms do occur, it's usually because the bilirubin level in the blood is slightly higher than normal. Symptoms may include jaundice, fatigue, and abdominal pain.


Gilbert's Syndrome is typically diagnosed through a blood test that measures bilirubin levels. Other liver diseases may need to be ruled out before a diagnosis can be made.


There is no specific treatment for Gilbert's Syndrome. It is a lifelong condition that doesn't require treatment because it doesn't affect a person's health. Lifestyle changes such as regular exercise, a healthy diet, and avoiding alcohol can help manage the symptoms.

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