Harvey Cushing

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Harvey Cushing

Harvey Cushing (/'kʊʃɪŋ/; April 8, 1869 – October 7, 1939) was an American neurosurgeon, pathologist, writer and draftsman. He is often referred to as the "father of modern neurosurgery".


The name "Cushing" is of English origin and means "place of the Cusa's people". The surname was first found in Yorkshire, England.

Early Life and Education

Harvey Cushing was born in Cleveland, Ohio. He was the youngest of ten children. His father was a physician, and his mother was a homemaker. He attended Yale University, where he studied biology and graduated in 1891. He then went on to study medicine at Harvard Medical School, graduating in 1895.


After graduating from medical school, Cushing began his career at Johns Hopkins Hospital, where he worked under the guidance of William Osler, a pioneer in modern medicine. He later moved to the Peter Bent Brigham Hospital (now Brigham and Women's Hospital) in Boston, where he developed many of the basic techniques and instruments used in modern neurosurgery.

Cushing made significant contributions to the field of neurosurgery, including the development of the Cushing reflex, a physiological phenomenon seen in response to increased intracranial pressure, and the Cushing's disease, a condition caused by a tumor on the pituitary gland.

Death and Legacy

Cushing died on October 7, 1939, at the age of 70. His work has had a lasting impact on the field of neurosurgery, and he is remembered for his contributions to medical science.

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