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Indianapolis (pronunciation: /ˌɪndiəˈnæpəlɪs/), often shortened to Indy, is the state capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Indiana and the seat of Marion County. It is in the East North Central region of the Midwestern United States, with an estimated population of 887,642 in 2020.


The name Indianapolis is derived from the state's name, Indiana (meaning "Land of the Indians", or simply "Indian Land"), and polis, the Greek word for city. The city was founded in 1821 and named to honor Indiana's admission to the United States.

Related Terms

  • Indiana: The U.S. state in which Indianapolis is located.
  • Marion County: The county in which Indianapolis is the county seat.
  • East North Central: The region of the Midwestern United States where Indianapolis is located.
  • Midwestern United States: The region of the United States where Indiana and Indianapolis are located.

Health and Medicine in Indianapolis

Indianapolis is home to several major hospitals and health care centers, including the Riley Hospital for Children, Eskenazi Health, and the Indiana University Health system. The city also hosts the headquarters of the American College of Sports Medicine and the Regenstrief Institute, a medical research organization.

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