Medical specialty

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Medical specialty

Medical specialty (pronunciation: /ˈmɛdɪkəl ˈspɛʃəlti/) is a branch of medical practice that is focused on a specific group of patients, diseases, skills, or philosophy. These specialties differ from country to country and can be grouped into broad categories such as surgical, internal, and diagnostic specialties.


The term medical specialty originates from the Latin word "specialis", meaning particular, and the Greek word "iatros", meaning healer or doctor. Thus, it refers to a particular area of medical practice.

Related Terms

  • Internal medicine: This is a medical specialty dealing with the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of adult diseases.
  • Surgery: This is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a person to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
  • Diagnostic specialty: This is a medical specialty focused on the diagnosis of disease, including laboratory medicine and radiology.
  • Pediatrics: This is a medical specialty dealing with the health and medical care of infants, children, and adolescents from birth up to the age of 18.
  • Obstetrics and gynecology: This is a medical specialty that focuses on the female reproductive system and the care of pregnant women.

See also

External links


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