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Texas Fever

Texas Fever (pronounced: /ˈtɛksəs ˈfiːvər/), also known as Bovine Babesiosis or Cattle Tick Fever, is a disease of cattle that is caused by the protozoan parasites Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina. The disease is transmitted by the cattle tick Rhipicephalus microplus.


The term "Texas Fever" originated from the fact that the disease was first identified in Texas in the late 19th century. The term "Babesiosis" is derived from the name of the Romanian bacteriologist Victor Babeș, who first identified the causative organism.


Symptoms of Texas Fever include high fever, anemia, jaundice, red urine, rapid breathing, and death in severe cases. The disease can be diagnosed by microscopic examination of blood smears or by serological tests.

Treatment and Prevention

Treatment of Texas Fever involves the use of drugs such as imidocarb dipropionate and diminazene aceturate. Prevention can be achieved by controlling the tick population and by vaccination.

Related Terms

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