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Tropical Medicine

Tropical Medicine (pronunciation: /ˈtrɒpɪkəl ˈmɛdɪsɪn/) is a branch of medicine that deals with health issues that occur uniquely, are more widespread, or prove more difficult to control in tropical and subtropical regions.


The term "Tropical Medicine" was first used in the late 19th century, during the expansion of colonial empires. The word "tropical" comes from the Greek "tropikos" which means "turning", and "medicine" comes from the Latin "medicina" which means "the healing art".

Related Terms

  • Infectious Disease: A disease caused by organisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Many organisms live in and on our bodies and are normally harmless or even helpful, but under certain conditions, some organisms may cause disease.
  • Parasitology: The study of parasites, their hosts, and the relationship between them.
  • Public Health: The science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life and promoting health through the organized efforts and informed choices of society, organizations, public and private, communities and individuals.
  • Epidemiology: The study and analysis of the distribution (who, when, and where), patterns and determinants of health and disease conditions in defined populations.
  • Travel Medicine: A branch of medicine that deals with the prevention and management of health problems of international travelers.
  • Neglected Tropical Diseases: A diverse group of tropical infections which are common in low-income populations in developing regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas.

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