Food

From WikiMD

Food
Different plants that are eaten.
Different kinds of meat.
Different kinds of foods.
Burgers

Food is what people and animals eat to survive. Food usually comes from animals and plants. It is eaten by living things to provide energy and nutrition. Food contains the nutrition that people and animals need to be healthy. The consumption of food is enjoyable to humans. It contains protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins, water and minerals. Liquids used for energy and nutrition are often called "drinks". If someone cannot afford food they go hungry.

Food for humans is mostly made through farming or gardening. It includes animal and vegetable sources. Some people refuse to eat food from animal origin, like meat, eggs, and products with milk in them. Not eating meat is called vegetarianism. Not eating or using any animal products is called veganism.

Food produced by farmers or gardeners can be changed by industrial processes (the food industry). Processed food usually contains several natural ingredients and food additives (such as preservatives, antioxidants, emulsifiers, flavor enhancers). For example, bread is processed food.

At home, food is prepared in the kitchen, by the cook. The cook sometimes uses a cookbook. Examples of cooking utensils are pressure cookers, pots, and frying pans.

Food can also be prepared and served in restaurants or refectory (in particular for kids in school).

The utensils used may be a plate, knife, fork, chopsticks, spoon, bowl, or spork.

Many people do not grow their own food. They have to buy food that was grown by someone else. People buy most of their food in shops or markets. But some people still grow most or all of their own food.

People may buy food and take it home to cook it. They may buy food that is ready to eat from a street vendor or a restaurant.

Production of Food

Originally, people got food as hunter-gatherers. The agricultural revolution changed that. Farmers grew crops including those invented and improved by selective breeding, eventually improved further as genetically modified food. These improvements shortened life-cycle of food, decreased time of production and/or increased production of food.

Food-related issues

Food shortage is still a big problem in the world today. Many people do not have enough money to buy the food that they need. Bad weather or other problems sometimes destroy the growing food in one part of the world. When people do not have enough food, we say that they are hungry. If they do not eat enough food for a long time, they will become sick and die from starvation. In areas where many people do not have enough food, we say that there is famine there.

Food and water can make people sick if it is contaminated by microorganisms, bad metals, or chemicals.

If people do not eat the right foods, they can become sick.

If people eat too much food, they can become overweight or obese. This is also bad for people's health. On the other hand, eating too less food could cause malnutrition disease. Therefore, people have to learn to balance the amount and nutrition of food to be suitable.

Food in religions

Many cultures or religions have food taboos. That means they have rules what people should not eat, or how the food has to be prepared. Examples of religious food rules are the Kashrut of Judaism and the Halal of Islam, that say that pig meat cannot be eaten. In Hinduism, eating beef is not allowed. Some Christians are vegetarian (someone who does not eat meat) because of their religious beliefs. For example, Seventh-day Adventist Church recommends vegetarianism.

In addition, sometime beliefs do not relate to the religion but belong to the culture. For example, some people pay respect to Guān Yīn mothergod and those followers will not consume "beef" as they believe that her father has a shape of the cow.


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Nutrition lookup (USDA)

See also

Glossary of foods

  • Abalone -  any of various large edible marine gastropods of the genus Haliotis having an ear-shaped shell with pearly interior
  • Acer saccharum -  maple of eastern and central North America having three-lobed to five-lobed leaves and hard close-grained wood much used for cabinet work especially the curly-grained form; sap is chief source of maple syrup and maple sugar; many subspecies
  • Acerola -  acid red or yellow cherry-like fruit of a tropical American shrub very rich in vitamin C; tropical American shrub bearing edible acid red fruit resembling cherries
  • Acidophilus milk -  milk fermented by bacteria; used to treat gastrointestinal disorders
  • Actinidia deliciosa -  climbing vine native to China; cultivated in New Zealand for its fuzzy edible fruit with green meat
  • Actinidiaceae -  tropical trees or shrubs or woody vines
  • Administration -  the act of administering medication; a method of tending to (especially business) matters; the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something; the tenure of a president
  • Adulthood -  the state (and responsibilities) of a person who has attained maturity; the period of time in your life after your physical growth has stopped and you are fully developed
  • Age -  how long something has existed; a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises; a late time of life; a prolonged period of time; an era of history having some distinctive feature; verb begin to seem older; get older; make older; grow old or older
  • AI -  the introduction of semen into the oviduct or uterus by some means other than sexual intercourse; a sloth that has three long claws on each forefoot and each hindfoot; the branch of computer science that deal with writing computer programs that can solve problems creatively; an agency of the United States Army responsible for providing timely and relevant and accurate and synchronized intelligence to tactical and operational and strategic level commanders
  • Albumen -  the white part of an egg; the nutritive and protective gelatinous substance surrounding the yolk consisting mainly of albumin dissolved in water; a simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids
  • Alcohol -  a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent; any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • alcoholic -  addicted to alcohol; characteristic of or containing alcohol;  a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually
  • Ale -  a general name for beer made with a top fermenting yeast; in some of the United States an ale is (by law) a brew of more than 4% alcohol by volume
  • Alfalfa -  leguminous plant grown for hay or forage; important European leguminous forage plant with trifoliate leaves and blue-violet flowers grown widely as a pasture and hay crop
  • Alligator pear -  a pear-shaped tropical fruit with green or blackish skin and rich yellowish pulp enclosing a single large seed
  • Allium ampeloprasum -  coarse Old World perennial having a large bulb and tall stalk of greenish purple-tinged flowers; widely naturalized
  • Allium cepa -  bulbous plant having hollow leaves cultivated worldwide for its rounded edible bulb
  • Allium sativum -  bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
  • Allspice -  ground dried berrylike fruit of a West Indian allspice tree; suggesting combined flavors of cinnamon and nutmeg and cloves; deciduous shrubs having aromatic bark; eastern China; southwestern and eastern United States; aromatic West Indian tree that produces allspice berries
  • Almond -  oval-shaped edible seed of the almond tree; small bushy deciduous tree native to Asia and North Africa having pretty pink blossoms and highly prized edible nuts enclosed in a hard green hull; cultivated in southern Australia and California
  • Almond oil -  pale yellow fatty oil expressed from sweet or bitter almonds
  • Amaranth -  any of various plants of the genus Amaranthus having dense plumes of green or red flowers; often cultivated for food; seed of amaranth plants used as a native cereal in Central and South America
  • Amaranthaceae -  cosmopolitan family of herbs and shrubs
  • Amaryllidaceae -  snowdrop; narcissus; daffodil; in some classification systems considered a subfamily of the Liliaceae
  • Anacardiaceae -  the cashew family; trees and shrubs and vines having resinous (sometimes poisonous) juice; includes cashew and mango and pistachio and poison ivy and sumac
  • Ananas comosus -  a tropical American plant bearing a large fleshy edible fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated in the tropics
  • Anemia -  genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds; chiefly of tropical America; a deficiency of red blood cells; a lack of vitality
  • Animal -  of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals; marked by the appetites and passions of the body;  a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • Annona cherimola -  small tropical American tree bearing round or oblong fruit
  • Annonaceae -  chiefly tropical trees or shrubs
  • Apiaceae -  plants having flowers in umbels: parsley; carrot; anise; caraway; celery; dill
  • Apium graveolens -  herb of Europe and temperate Asia
  • Apple -  fruit with red or yellow or green skin and sweet to tart crisp whitish flesh; native Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits
  • Apricot -  downy yellow to rosy-colored fruit resembling a small peach; Asian tree having clusters of usually white blossoms and edible fruit resembling the peach; a shade of pink tinged with yellow
  • Araceae -  anthurium; calla lily; jack-in-the-pulpit; philodendron
  • Arecaceae -  chiefly tropical trees and shrubs and vines usually having a tall columnar trunk bearing a crown of very large leaves; coextensive with the order Palmales
  • Armoracia rusticana -  coarse Eurasian plant cultivated for its thick white pungent root
  • Artichoke -  a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart; Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head
  • Artocarpus altilis -  native to Pacific islands and having edible fruit with a texture like bread
  • Artocarpus communis -  native to Pacific islands and having edible fruit with a texture like bread
  • Artocarpus heterophyllus -  East Indian tree cultivated for its immense edible fruit and seeds
  • Arugula -  erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender
  • asparagus -  edible young shoots of the asparagus plant; plant whose succulent young shoots are cooked and eaten as a vegetable
  • Aspartame -  an artificial sweetener made from aspartic acid; used as a calorie-free sweetener
  • Asteraceae -  plants with heads composed of many florets: aster; daisy; dandelion; goldenrod; marigold; lettuces; ragweed; sunflower; thistle; zinnia
  • Atherosclerosis -  a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • Aubergine -  egg-shaped vegetable having a shiny skin typically dark purple but occasionally white or yellow; hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable
  • Averrhoa carambola -  East Indian tree bearing deeply ridged yellow-brown fruit
  • Avocado -  of the dull yellowish green of the meat of an avocado;  a pear-shaped tropical fruit with green or blackish skin and rich yellowish pulp enclosing a single large seed; tropical American tree bearing large pulpy green fruits
  • Bacon -  back and sides of a hog salted and dried or smoked; usually sliced thin and fried; English statesman and philosopher; precursor of British empiricism; advocated inductive reasoning (1561-1626); English scientist and Franciscan monk who stressed the importance of experimentation; first showed that air is required for combustion and first used lenses to correct vision (1220-1292)
  • Bacteria -  (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
  • Balsam pear -  tropical Old World vine with yellow-orange fruit
  • Bamboo -  woody tropical grass having hollow woody stems; mature canes used for construction and furniture; the hard woody stems of bamboo plants; used in construction and crafts and fishing poles
  • Bambusa -  tall tender clumping bamboos
  • Banana -  elongated crescent-shaped yellow fruit with soft sweet flesh; any of several tropical and subtropical treelike herbs of the genus Musa having a terminal crown of large entire leaves and usually bearing hanging clusters of elongated fruits
  • Barbados cherry -  tropical American shrub bearing edible acid red fruit resembling cherries; acid red or yellow cherry-like fruit of a tropical American shrub very rich in vitamin C
  • Barley -  a grain of barley; cultivated since prehistoric times; grown for forage and grain
  • basics -  a statement of fundamental facts or principles; principles from which other truths can be derived
  • Basil -  leaves of the common basil; used fresh or dried; (Roman Catholic Church) the bishop of Caesarea who defended the Roman Catholic Church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-379); any of several Old World tropical aromatic annual or perennial herbs of the genus Ocimum
  • Bay leaf -  dried leaf of the bay laurel
  • Beechnut -  small sweet triangular nut of any of various beech trees
  • Beef -  cattle that are reared for their meat; meat from an adult domestic bovine; informal terms for objecting; verb complain
  • Beefalo -  hardy breed of cattle resulting from crossing domestic cattle with the American buffalo; yields leaner beef than conventional breeds
  • beer -  a general name for alcoholic beverages made by fermenting a cereal (or mixture of cereals) flavored with hops
  • Beet -  round red root vegetable; biennial Eurasian plant usually having a swollen edible root; widely cultivated as a food crop
  • Behavior modification -  psychotherapy that seeks to extinguish or inhibit abnormal or maladaptive behavior by reinforcing desired behavior and extinguishing undesired behavior
  • Belgian endive -  young broad-leaved endive plant deprived of light to form a narrow whitish head
  • Beta-carotene -  an isomer of carotene that is found in dark green and dark yellow fruits and vegetables
  • Beta vulgaris -  biennial Eurasian plant usually having a swollen edible root; widely cultivated as a food crop
  • biology -  the science that studies living organisms; characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms; all the plant and animal life of a particular region
  • Bittersweet chocolate -  chocolate liquor with cocoa butter and small amounts of sugar and vanilla; lecithin is usually added
  • Black currant -  small black berries used in jams and jellies; widely cultivated current bearing edible black aromatic berries
  • Black pepper -  pepper that is ground from whole peppercorns with husks on; climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern Burma and Assam
  • Black tea -  fermented tea leaves
  • blackberry -  large sweet black or very dark purple edible aggregate fruit of any of various bushes of the genus Rubus; bramble with sweet edible black or dark purple berries that usually do not separate from the receptacle; verb pick or gather blackberries
  • Blood pressure -  the pressure of the circulating blood against the walls of the blood vessels; results from the systole of the left ventricle of the heart; sometimes measured for a quick evaluation of a person's health
  • Blood sugar -  glucose in the bloodstream
  • blueberry -  sweet edible dark-blue berries of either low-growing or high-growing blueberry plants; any of numerous shrubs of the genus Vaccinium bearing blueberries
  • Bock beer -  a very strong lager traditionally brewed in the fall and aged through the winter for consumption in the spring
  • Bok choy -  elongated head of dark green leaves on thick white stalks; Asiatic plant grown for its cluster of edible white stalks with dark green leaves
  • Bombacaceae -  tropical trees with large dry or fleshy fruit containing usually woolly seeds
  • Brain -  that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord; mental ability; the brain of certain animals used as meat; that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality; verb kill by smashing someone's skull; hit on the head
  • Bran -  food prepared from the husks of cereal grains; broken husks of the seeds of cereal grains that are separated from the flour by sifting
  • Brassica napus -  Eurasian plant cultivated for its seed and as a forage crop
  • Brassica oleracea -  wild original of cultivated cabbages; common in western coastal Europe; any of various cultivars of the genus Brassica oleracea grown for their edible leaves or flowers
  • Brassica rapa -  widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root
  • Brazil nut -  three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and hard brown shell; tall South American tree bearing brazil nuts
  • Breadfruit -  a large round seedless or seeded fruit with a texture like bread; eaten boiled or baked or roasted or ground into flour; the roasted seeds resemble chestnuts; native to Pacific islands and having edible fruit with a texture like bread
  • Breakfast -  the first meal of the day (usually in the morning); verb eat an early morning meal; provide breakfast for
  • Brick cheese -  semisoft sweet American cheese from whole milk in a brick form
  • Brie -  soft creamy white cheese; milder than Camembert
  • Broccoli -  branched green undeveloped flower heads; plant with dense clusters of tight green flower buds
  • Bromeliaceae -  a family of tropical American plants of order Xyridales including several (as the pineapple) of economic importance
  • Brown sugar -  unrefined or only partly refined sugar
  • Brussels sprouts -  the small edible cabbage-like buds growing along a stalk of the brussels sprout plant
  • Buckwheat -  grain ground into flour; a member of the genus Fagopyrum; annual Asian plant with clusters of small pinkish white flowers and small edible triangular seeds which are used whole or ground into flour
  • Buffalo -  meat from an American bison; a city on Lake Erie in western New York (near Niagara Falls); any of several Old World animals resembling oxen including, e.g., water buffalo; Cape buffalo; large shaggy-haired brown bison of North American plains; verb intimidate or overawe
  • Bulgur -  parched crushed wheat
  • Butter -  an edible emulsion of fat globules made by churning milk or cream; for cooking and table use; a fighter who strikes the opponent with his head; verb spread butter on
  • Buttermilk -  residue from making butter from sour raw milk; or pasteurized milk curdled by adding a culture
  • Cabbage -  any of various types of cabbage; any of various cultivars of the genus Brassica oleracea grown for their edible leaves or flowers; informal terms for money; verb make off with belongings of others
  • Cactaceae -  constituting the order Opuntiales
  • Caffeine -  a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • Calcium -  a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • Camellia sinensis -  a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves
  • Camembert -  rich soft creamy French cheese
  • cancer -  type genus of the family Cancridae; the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22; a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer; any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • Canola oil -  vegetable oil made from rapeseed
  • Cantaloupe -  a variety of muskmelon vine having fruit with a tan rind and orange flesh; the fruit of a cantaloup vine; small to medium-sized melon with yellowish flesh
  • Cappuccino -  equal parts of espresso and hot milk topped with cinnamon and nutmeg and usually whipped cream
  • Caprifoliaceae -  shrubs and small trees and woody vines
  • Capsicum frutescens -  plant bearing very hot medium-sized oblong red peppers; grown principally in the Gulf Coast states for production of hot sauce
  • Carambola -  deeply ridged yellow-brown tropical fruit; used raw as a vegetable or in salad or when fully ripe as a dessert; East Indian tree bearing deeply ridged yellow-brown fruit
  • Cardamom -  aromatic seeds used as seasoning like cinnamon and cloves especially in pickles and barbecue sauces; rhizomatous herb of India having aromatic seeds used as seasoning
  • Cardiovascular disease -  a disease of the heart or blood vessels
  • Carica papaya -  tropical American shrub or small tree having huge deeply palmately cleft leaves and large oblong yellow fruit
  • Caricaceae -  trees native to tropical America and Africa with milky juice and large palmately lobed leaves
  • carrot -  promise of reward as in "carrot and stick"; orange root; important source of carotene; perennial plant widely cultivated as an annual in many varieties for its long conical orange edible roots; temperate and tropical regions; deep orange edible root of the cultivated carrot plant
  • Cashew nut -  kidney-shaped nut edible only when roasted
  • Cassava -  any of several plants of the genus Manihot having fleshy roots yielding a nutritious starch; cassava root eaten as a staple food after drying and leaching; source of tapioca; a starch made by leaching and drying the root of the cassava plant; the source of tapioca; a staple food in the tropics
  • Catfish -  any of numerous mostly freshwater bottom-living fishes of Eurasia and North America with barbels like whiskers around the mouth; flesh of scaleless food fish of the southern United States; often farmed; large ferocious northern deep-sea food fishes with strong teeth and no pelvic fins
  • cauliflower -  compact head of white undeveloped flowers; a plant having a large edible head of crowded white flower buds
  • Cayenne -  a long and often twisted hot red pepper; ground pods and seeds of pungent red peppers of the genus Capsicum; plant bearing very hot and finely tapering long peppers; usually red
  • Celeriac -  thickened edible aromatic root of a variety of celery plant; grown for its thickened edible aromatic root
  • Celery -  stalks eaten raw or cooked or used as seasoning; widely cultivated herb with aromatic leaf stalks that are eaten raw or cooked
  • Celery seed -  seed of the celery plant used as seasoning
  • Celiac disease -  a disorder in children and adults; inability to tolerate wheat protein (gluten); symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation; often accompanied by lactose intolerance
  • Cellulose -  a polysaccharide that is the chief constituent of all plant tissues and fibers
  • cheese -  a solid food prepared from the pressed curd of milk; erect or decumbent Old World perennial with axillary clusters of rosy-purple flowers; introduced in United States; verb wind onto a cheese; used in the imperative (get away, or stop it)
  • Chenopodiaceae -  includes spinach and beets
  • Cherimoya -  large tropical fruit with leathery skin and soft pulp; related to custard apples; small tropical American tree bearing round or oblong fruit
  • cherry -  of a color at the end of the color spectrum (next to orange); resembling the color of blood or cherries or tomatoes or rubies;  a red fruit with a single hard stone; any of numerous trees and shrubs producing a small fleshy round fruit with a single hard stone; many also produce a valuable hardwood; wood of any of various cherry trees especially the black cherry; a red the color of ripe cherries
  • Chervil -  fresh ferny parsley-like leaves used as a garnish with chicken and veal and omelets and green salads and spinach; aromatic annual Old World herb cultivated for its finely divided and often curly leaves for use especially in soups and salads
  • Chestnut -  (of hair) of a golden brown to reddish brown color;  a dark golden-brown or reddish-brown horse; a small horny callus on the inner surface of a horse's leg; edible nut of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea; any of several attractive deciduous trees yellow-brown in autumn; yield a hard wood and edible nuts in a prickly bur; wood of any of various chestnut trees of the genus Castanea
  • Chicken -  easily frightened;  a domestic fowl bred for flesh or eggs; believed to have been developed from the red jungle fowl; a foolhardy competition; a dangerous activity that is continued until one competitor becomes afraid and stops; the flesh of a chicken used for food; a person who lacks confidence, is irresolute and wishy-washy
  • chicory -  crisp spiky leaves with somewhat bitter taste; root of the chicory plant roasted and ground to substitute for or adulterate coffee; perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads; the dried root of the chicory plant: used as a coffee substitute
  • Chili powder -  powder made of ground chili peppers mixed with e.g. cumin and garlic and oregano
  • Chinese cabbage -  elongated head of crisp celery-like stalks and light green leaves; plant with an elongated head of broad stalked leaves resembling celery; used as a vegetable in east Asia
  • Chinese date -  dark red plumlike fruit of Old World buckthorn trees
  • Chinese gooseberry -  climbing vine native to China; cultivated in New Zealand for its fuzzy edible fruit with green meat; fuzzy brown egg-shaped fruit with slightly tart green flesh
  • Chinese jujube -  dark red plumlike fruit of Old World buckthorn trees
  • Chinese water chestnut -  Chinese sedge yielding edible bulb-shaped tubers
  • Chives -  cylindrical leaves used fresh as a mild onion-flavored seasoning; perennial having hollow cylindrical leaves used for seasoning
  • Chocolate -  a medium brown to dark-brown color; a food made from roasted ground cacao beans; a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • Cholesterol -  an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
  • Cider vinegar -  vinegar made from cider
  • Cilantro -  parsley-like herb used as seasoning or garnish; Old World herb with aromatic leaves and seed resembling parsley
  • Cinnamon -  spice from the dried aromatic bark of the Ceylon cinnamon tree; used as rolled strips or ground; tropical Asian tree with aromatic yellowish-brown bark; source of the spice cinnamon; aromatic bark used as a spice
  • Citrus aurantifolia -  any of various related trees bearing limes
  • Citrus aurantium -  any of various common orange trees yielding sour or bitter fruit; used as grafting stock
  • Citrus grandis -  southeastern Asian tree producing large fruits resembling grapefruits
  • Citrus limonia -  hybrid between mandarin orange and lemon having very acid fruit with orange peel
  • Citrus paradisi -  citrus tree bearing large round edible fruit having a thick yellow rind and juicy somewhat acid pulp
  • Citrus reticulata -  shrub or small tree having flattened globose fruit with very sweet aromatic pulp and thin yellow-orange to flame-orange rind that is loose and easily removed; native to southeastern Asia
  • Citrus sinensis -  probably native to southern China; widely cultivated as source of table and juice oranges
  • Clam -  burrowing marine mollusk living on sand or mud; the shell closes with viselike firmness; flesh of either hard-shell or soft-shell clams; a piece of paper money worth one dollar; verb gather clams, by digging in the sand by the ocean
  • Clarified butter -  butter made clear by heating and removing the sediment of milk solids
  • classification -  restriction imposed by the government on documents or weapons that are available only to certain authorized people; the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories; a group of people or things arranged by class or category; the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
  • Clotted cream -  thick cream made from scalded milk
  • Club soda -  effervescent beverage artificially charged with carbon dioxide
  • Cocktail -  an appetizer served as a first course at a meal; a short mixed drink
  • Cocoa -  powder of ground roasted cacao beans with most of the fat removed; a beverage made from cocoa powder and milk and sugar; usually drunk hot
  • Coconut -  large hard-shelled oval nut with a fibrous husk containing thick white meat surrounding a central cavity filled (when fresh) with fluid or milk; the edible white meat a coconut; often shredded for use in e.g. cakes and curries; tall palm tree bearing coconuts as fruits; widely planted throughout the tropics
  • Coconut oil -  oil from coconuts
  • Cocos nucifera -  tall palm tree bearing coconuts as fruits; widely planted throughout the tropics
  • Cod -  payable by the recipient on delivery; adv. collecting the charges upon delivery;  major food fish of arctic and cold-temperate waters; lean white flesh of important North Atlantic food fish; usually baked or poached; the vessel that contains the seeds of a plant (not the seeds themselves); verb harass with persistent criticism or carping; fool or hoax
  • coffee -  a beverage consisting of an infusion of ground coffee beans; any of several small trees and shrubs native to the tropical Old World yielding coffee beans; a medium brown to dark-brown color; a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • collards -  kale that has smooth leaves
  • Colocasia esculenta -  herb of the Pacific islands grown throughout the tropics for its edible root and in temperate areas as an ornamental for its large glossy leaves
  • combination -  the act of combining things to form a new whole; the act of arranging elements into specified groups without regard to order; a collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities; an alliance of people or corporations or countries for a special purpose (formerly to achieve some antisocial end but now for general political or economic purposes); a group of people (often temporary) having a common purpose; a sequence of numbers or letters that opens a combination lock; a coordinated sequence of chess moves
  • common -  having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual; belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public; commonly encountered; being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language; of or associated with the great masses of people; to be expected; standard; common to or shared by two or more parties; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste; of low or inferior quality or value;  a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • complex -  complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts;  a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts; (psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior; a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated; a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
  • Compositae -  plants with heads composed of many florets: aster; daisy; dandelion; goldenrod; marigold; lettuces; ragweed; sunflower; thistle; zinnia
  • Constipation -  irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis; the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
  • content -  satisfied or showing satisfaction with things as they are;  the sum or range of what has been perceived, discovered, or learned; everything that is included in a collection; the proportion of a substance that is contained in a mixture or alloy etc.; something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation; what a communication that is about something is about; the amount that can be contained; the state of being contented with your situation in life; verb satisfy in a limited way; make content
  • control -  the activity of managing or exerting control over something; (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc; a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; power to direct or determine; the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.; a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance; a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another; discipline in personal and social activities; great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity; a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment; the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; verb verify by using a duplicate register for comparison; exercise authoritative control or power over; lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments; have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of; be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; handle and cause to function; control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
  • Convolvulaceae -  morning glory; bindweed; sweet potato; plants having trumpet-shaped flowers and a climbing or twining habit
  • cooking -  the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat
  • Corn -  something sentimental or trite; ears of corn grown for human food; tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times; (Great Britain) any of various cereal plants (especially the dominant crop of the region--wheat in England or oats in Scotland and Ireland); the dried grains or kernels or corn used as animal feed or ground for meal; a hard thickening of the skin (especially on the top or sides of the toes) caused by the pressure of ill-fitting shoes; whiskey distilled from a mash of not less than 80 percent corn; verb preserve with salt; feed (cattle) with corn
  • Corn oil -  oil from the germs of corn grains
  • coronary artery disease -  a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • Cottage cheese -  mild white cheese made from curds of soured skim milk
  • Cottonseed oil -  edible oil pressed from cottonseeds
  • Crab -  a stroke of the oar that either misses the water or digs too deeply; decapod having eyes on short stalks and a broad flattened carapace with a small abdomen folded under the thorax and pincers; the edible flesh of any of various crabs; a quarrelsome grouch; infests the pubic region of the human body; the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer; verb fish for crab; scurry sideways like a crab; direct (an aircraft) into a crosswind; complain
  • Crackers -  informal or slang terms for mentally irregular
  • cranberry -  very tart red berry used for sauce or juice; any of numerous shrubs of genus Vaccinium bearing cranberries
  • Cream -  toiletry consisting of any of various substances in the form of a thick liquid that have a soothing and moisturizing effect when applied to the skin; the part of milk containing the butterfat; the best people or things in a group; verb add cream to one's coffee, for example; put on cream, as on one's face or body; beat thoroughly and conclusively in a competition or fight; make creamy by beating; remove from the surface
  • Cream cheese -  soft unripened cheese made of sweet milk and cream
  • cress -  pungent leaves of any of numerous cruciferous herbs; any of various plants of the family Cruciferae with edible leaves that have a pungent taste
  • Cruciferae -  plants with four-petaled flowers
  • Cucumber -  cylindrical green fruit with thin green rind and white flesh eaten as a vegetable; related to melons; a melon vine of the genus Cucumis; cultivated from earliest times for its cylindrical green fruit
  • Cucumis melo -  any of several varieties of vine whose fruit has a netted rind and edible flesh and a musky smell
  • Cucumis sativus -  a melon vine of the genus Cucumis; cultivated from earliest times for its cylindrical green fruit
  • Cucurbita maxima -  any of several winter squash plants producing large greyish-green football-shaped fruit with a rough warty rind; plant bearing buff-colored squash having somewhat bottle-shaped fruit with fine-textured edible flesh and a smooth thin rind
  • Cucurbita moschata -  any of various plants bearing squash having hard rinds and elongated recurved necks
  • Cucurbita pepo -  a coarse vine widely cultivated for its large pulpy round orange fruit with firm orange skin and numerous seeds; subspecies of Cucurbita pepo include the summer squashes and a few autumn squashes
  • Cucurbitaceae -  a family of herbaceous vines (such cucumber or melon or squash or pumpkin)
  • cumin -  aromatic seeds of the cumin herb of the carrot family; dwarf Mediterranean annual long cultivated for its aromatic seeds
  • currant -  any of several tart red or black berries used primarily for jellies and jams; small dried seedless raisin grown in the Mediterranean region and California; used in cooking; any of various deciduous shrubs of the genus Ribes bearing currants
  • curry -  (East Indian cookery) a pungent dish of vegetables or meats flavored with curry powder and usually eaten with rice; verb treat by incorporating fat; season with a mixture of spices; typical of Indian cooking; give a neat appearance to
  • Custard apple -  the fruit of any of several tropical American trees of the genus Annona having soft edible pulp; any of several tropical American trees bearing fruit with soft edible pulp
  • Cydonia oblonga -  small Asian tree with pinkish flowers and pear-shaped fruit; widely cultivated
  • Cynara scolymus -  Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head
  • Cyperaceae -  bulrush; chufa; cotton grass; papyrus; umbrella plant
  • daily -  occurring or done each day; measured by the day or happening every day; adv. without missing a day; gradually and progressively;  a newspaper that is published every day
  • DASH -  a quick run; the act of moving with great haste; distinctive and stylish elegance; the longer of the two telegraphic signals used in Morse code; a footrace run at top speed; a punctuation mark (-) used between parts of a compound word or between the syllables of a word when the word is divided at the end of a line of text; verb add an enlivening or altering element to; destroy or break; break into pieces, as by striking or knocking over; hurl or thrust violently; cause to lose courage; run or move very quickly or hastily
  • Date -  sweet edible fruit of the date palm with a single long woody seed; a meeting arranged in advance; a participant in a date; the present; the specified day of the month; a particular day specified as the time something happens; the particular day, month, or year (usually according to the Gregorian calendar) that an event occurred; a particular but unspecified point in time; verb assign a date to; determine the (probable) date of; provide with a dateline; mark with a date; stamp with a date; go on a date with; date regularly; have a steady relationship with
  • Daucus carota -  a widely naturalized Eurasian herb with finely cut foliage and white compound umbels of small white or yellowish flowers and thin yellowish roots
  • definition -  clarity of outline; a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase or symbol
  • Department of Agriculture -  the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862
  • description -  sort or variety; a statement that represents something in words; the act of describing something
  • Devonshire cream -  thick cream made from scalded milk
  • Dewberry -  blackberry-like fruits of any of several trailing blackberry bushes; any of several trailing blackberry brambles especially of North America
  • diabetes -  any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
  • Diabetes mellitus -  diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  • diagnosis -  identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • Diet -  the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods); the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal); a prescribed selection of foods; a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan); verb eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight; follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons
  • dill -  aromatic threadlike foliage of the dill plant used as seasoning; aromatic Old World herb having aromatic threadlike foliage and seeds used as seasoning
  • Dioscorea alata -  grown in Australasia and Polynesia for its large root with fine edible white flesh
  • Dioscoreaceae -  yams
  • Diospyros kaki -  small deciduous Asiatic tree bearing large red or orange edible astringent fruit
  • Diospyros virginiana -  medium-sized tree of dry woodlands in the southern and eastern United States bearing yellow or orange very astringent fruit that is edible when fully ripe
  • Distilled water -  water that has been purified by distillation
  • Dried milk -  dehydrated milk
  • Drink -  the act of drinking alcoholic beverages to excess; a single serving of a beverage; any large deep body of water; the act of swallowing; any liquid suitable for drinking; verb take in liquids; consume alcohol; drink excessive amounts of alcohol; be an alcoholic; be fascinated or spell-bound by; pay close attention to; propose a toast to
  • Duck -  small wild or domesticated web-footed broad-billed swimming bird usually having a depressed body and short legs; a heavy cotton fabric of plain weave; used for clothing and tents; flesh of a duck (domestic or wild); (cricket) a score of nothing by a batsman; verb to move (the head or body) quickly downwards or away; submerge or plunge suddenly; avoid or try to avoid fulfilling, answering, or performing (duties, questions, or issues); dip into a liquid
  • Duckling -  young duck; flesh of a young domestic duck
  • Durian -  huge fruit native to southeastern Asia `smelling like Hell and tasting like Heaven'; seeds are roasted and eaten like nuts; tree of southeastern Asia having edible oval fruit with a hard spiny rind
  • Durum -  wheat with hard dark-colored kernels high in gluten and used for bread and pasta; grown especially in southern Russia, North Africa, and northern central North America
  • Ebenaceae -  fruit and timber trees of tropical and warm regions including ebony and persimmon
  • Edam -  mild yellow Dutch cheese made in balls encased in a red covering
  • egg -  animal reproductive body consisting of an ovum or embryo together with nutritive and protective envelopes; especially the thin-shelled reproductive body laid by e.g. female birds; oval reproductive body of a fowl (especially a hen) used as food; one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens; verb coat with beaten egg; throw eggs at
  • Eggplant -  egg-shaped vegetable having a shiny skin typically dark purple but occasionally white or yellow; hairy upright herb native to southeastern Asia but widely cultivated for its large glossy edible fruit commonly used as a vegetable
  • Eggs -  oval reproductive body of a fowl (especially a hen) used as food
  • elderberry -  berrylike fruit of an elder used for e.g. wines and jellies; a common shrub with black fruit or a small tree of Europe and Asia; fruit used for wines and jellies
  • Eleocharis dulcis -  Chinese sedge yielding edible bulb-shaped tubers
  • Endosperm -  nutritive tissue surrounding the embryo within seeds of flowering plants
  • Ergot -  a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many grains of the plant; source of medicinally important alkaloids and of lysergic acid; a plant disease caused by the ergot fungus
  • Ericaceae -  heathers
  • Eriobotrya japonica -  evergreen tree of warm regions having fuzzy yellow olive-sized fruit with a large free stone; native to China and Japan
  • Eruca vesicaria sativa -  erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender
  • Eschalot -  type of onion plant producing small clustered mild-flavored bulbs used as seasoning
  • Espresso -  strong black coffee brewed by forcing hot water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans
  • Euphorbiaceae -  a family of plants of order Geraniales
  • Evaporated milk -  milk concentrated by evaporation
  • Exercise -  the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit; a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding; systematic training by multiple repetitions; (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches; the act of using; verb do physical exercise; give a workout to; learn by repetition; put to use; carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
  • Eye disease -  any disease of the eye
  • Eyes -  opinion or judgment
  • Farina -  fine meal made from cereal grain especially wheat; often used as a cooked cereal or in puddings
  • Farmer's cheese -  mild white cheese made from curds of soured skim milk
  • FDA -  a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services established to regulate the release of new foods and health-related products
  • Feeding -  the act of supplying food and nourishment; the act of consuming food
  • feijoa -  dark-green kiwi-sized tropical fruit with white flesh; used chiefly for jellies and preserves; South American shrub having edible greenish plumlike fruit
  • fennel -  fennel seeds are ground and used as a spice or as an ingredient of a spice mixture; leaves used for seasoning; aromatic bulbous stem base eaten cooked or raw in salads; any of several aromatic herbs having edible seeds and leaves and stems
  • Fiber -  a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth; a slender and greatly elongated solid substance; the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions
  • Ficus carica -  Mediterranean tree widely cultivated for its edible fruit
  • fig -  fleshy sweet pear-shaped yellowish or purple multiple fruit eaten fresh or preserved or dried; Mediterranean tree widely cultivated for its edible fruit; a diagram or picture illustrating textual material; a Libyan terrorist group organized in 1995 and aligned with al-Qaeda; seeks to radicalize the Libyan government; attempted to assassinate Qaddafi
  • firm -  strong and sure; unwavering in devotion to friend or vow or cause; not soft or yielding to pressure; possessing the tone and resiliency of healthy tissue; marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable; not subject to revision or change; not liable to fluctuate or especially to fall; (of especially a person's physical features) not shaking or trembling; securely fixed in place; pleasingly firm and fresh and making a crunching noise when chewed; securely established; adv. with resolute determination;  the members of a business organization that owns or operates one or more establishments; verb make taut or tauter; become taut or tauter
  • Fish -  any of various mostly cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills; the flesh of fish used as food; the twelfth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about February 19 to March 20; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Pisces; verb catch or try to catch fish or shellfish; seek indirectly
  • Flax -  plant of the genus Linum that is cultivated for its seeds and for the fibers of its stem; fiber of the flax plant that is made into thread and woven into linen fabric
  • Flaxseed oil -  a drying oil extracted from flax seed and used in making such things as oil paints
  • flounder -  any of various European and non-European marine flatfish; flesh of any of various American and European flatfish; verb behave awkwardly; have difficulties; walk with great difficulty
  • Flour -  fine powdery foodstuff obtained by grinding and sifting the meal of a cereal grain; verb convert grain into flour; cover with flour
  • Foeniculum vulgare -  strongly aromatic with a smell of aniseed; leaves and seeds used for seasoning
  • Folate -  a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • Food and Drug Administration -  a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services established to regulate the release of new foods and health-related products
  • Food poisoning -  illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food
  • Fortified -  having something added to increase the strength; secured with bastions or fortifications
  • Fortunella japonica -  shrub bearing round-fruited kumquats
  • Fortunella margarita -  shrub bearing oval-fruited kumquats
  • Fragaria vesca -  Europe
  • Freezing -  the withdrawal of heat to change something from a liquid to a solid
  • French bread -  a crusty sourdough bread often baked in long slender tapered loaves or baguettes
  • fresh -  improperly forward or bold; not yet used or soiled; recently made, produced, or harvested; not rotten; not canned or otherwise preserved; not containing or composed of salt water; (of a cycle) beginning or occurring again; original and of a kind not seen before; not soured or preserved; with restored energy; having recently calved and therefore able to give milk; imparting vitality and energy; free from impurities; adv. very recently
  • fresh fish -  soldiers who are regarded as expendable in the face of artillery fire
  • Frozen dessert -  any of various desserts prepared by freezing
  • Frozen yogurt -  a soft frozen dessert of sweetened flavored yogurt
  • Fructose -  a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
  • Fruit sugar -  a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
  • function -  the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; what something is used for; a formal or official social gathering or ceremony; a relation such that one thing is dependent on another; a mathematical relation such that each element of one set is associated with at least one element of another set; a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program; a vaguely specified social event; verb perform as expected when applied; perform duties attached to a particular office or place or function; serve a purpose, role, or function
  • Fungi -  (pun) the one who buys the drinks; the taxonomic kingdom of lower plants
  • Garden cress -  cress cultivated for salads and garnishes
  • Garden rocket -  erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender
  • garlic -  aromatic bulb used as seasoning; bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
  • Germ -  a small apparently simple structure (as a fertilized egg) from which new tissue can develop into a complete organism; a minute life form (especially a disease-causing bacterium); the term is not in technical use; anything that provides inspiration for later work
  • ginger -  (used especially of hair or fur) having a bright orange-brown color;  pungent rhizome of the common ginger plant; used fresh as a seasoning especially in Oriental cookery; dried ground gingerroot; perennial plants having thick branching aromatic rhizomes and leafy reedlike stems; liveliness and energy; verb add ginger to in order to add flavor
  • Gingerroot -  pungent rhizome of the common ginger plant; used fresh as a seasoning especially in Oriental cookery
  • Globe artichoke -  a thistlelike flower head with edible fleshy leaves and heart; Mediterranean thistlelike plant widely cultivated for its large edible flower head
  • Glucose -  a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • Gluten -  a protein substance that remains when starch is removed from cereal grains; gives cohesiveness to dough
  • Golden syrup -  a pale cane syrup
  • Goose -  web-footed long-necked typically gregarious migratory aquatic birds usually larger and less aquatic than ducks; flesh of a goose (domestic or wild); a man who is a stupid incompetent fool; verb give a spurt of fuel to; prod into action; pinch in the buttocks
  • gooseberry -  currant-like berry used primarily in jams and jellies; spiny Eurasian shrub having greenish purple-tinged flowers and ovoid yellow-green or red-purple berries
  • Gorgonzola -  Italian blue cheese
  • Gouda -  mild cream-colored Dutch cheese shaped in balls
  • grain -  the direction or texture of fibers found in wood or leather or stone or in a woven fabric; foodstuff prepared from the starchy grains of cereal grasses; a small hard particle; dry seedlike fruit produced by the cereal grasses: e.g. wheat, barley, Indian corn; 1/7000 pound; equals a troy grain or 64.799 milligrams; 1/60 dram; equals an avoirdupois grain or 64.799 milligrams; a weight unit used for pearls or diamonds: 50 mg or 1/4 carat; verb paint (a surface) to make it look like stone or wood; become granular; form into grains; thoroughly work in
  • Graminaceae -  the grasses: chiefly herbaceous but some woody plants including cereals; bamboo; reeds; sugar cane
  • Gramineae -  the grasses: chiefly herbaceous but some woody plants including cereals; bamboo; reeds; sugar cane
  • Granada -  a city in southeastern Spain that was the capital of the Moorish kingdom until it was captured by Ferdinand and Isabella in 1492; site of the Alhambra (a palace and fortress built by Moors in the Middle Ages) which is now a major tourist attraction
  • Granadilla -  the egg-shaped edible fruit of tropical American vines related to passionflowers; Brazilian passionflower cultivated for its deep purple fruit; considered best for fruit; tropical American passionflower yielding the large granadilla fruit
  • grapefruit -  large yellow fruit with somewhat acid juicy pulp; usual serving consists of a half; citrus tree bearing large round edible fruit having a thick yellow rind and juicy somewhat acid pulp
  • Green pepper -  a sweet pepper that becomes red when ripe
  • Green tea -  tea leaves that have been steamed and dried without fermenting
  • Grenadier -  deep-sea fish with a large head and body and long tapering tail; an infantryman equipped with grenades
  • Groats -  the hulled and crushed grain of various cereals
  • guava -  tropical fruit having yellow skin and pink pulp; eaten fresh or used for e.g. jellies; small tropical American shrubby tree; widely cultivated in warm regions for its sweet globular yellow fruit; small tropical shrubby tree bearing small yellowish fruit
  • Gumbo -  a soup or stew thickened with okra pods; long mucilaginous green pods; may be simmered or sauteed but used especially in soups and stews; any of various fine-grained silty soils that become waxy and very sticky mud when saturated with water; tall coarse annual of Old World tropics widely cultivated in southern United States and West Indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus
  • Half-and-half -  in equal parts; adv. in equal parts;  half milk and half light cream; contains 10% to 18% butterfat
  • halibut -  marine food fish of the northern Atlantic or northern Pacific; the largest flatfish and one of the largest teleost fishes; lean flesh of very large flatfish of Atlantic or Pacific
  • Ham -  meat cut from the thigh of a hog (usually smoked); an unskilled actor who overacts; a licensed amateur radio operator; (Old Testament) son of Noah; verb exaggerate one's acting
  • Hamburger -  a sandwich consisting of a fried cake of minced beef served on a bun, often with other ingredients; beef that has been ground
  • hard -  dried out; unfortunate or hard to bear; resisting weight or pressure; dispassionate; (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward or touching the velum; (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source; being distilled rather than fermented; having a high alcoholic content; very strong or vigorous; not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to accomplish or comprehend or endure; characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion; especially physical effort; given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially for intoxicating liquors; produced without vibration of the vocal cords; adv. with effort or force or vigor; to the full extent possible; all the way; slowly and with difficulty; causing great damage or hardship; with firmness; earnestly or intently; with pain or distress or bitterness; very near or close in space or time; into a solid condition; indulging excessively
  • Hard cheese -  bad luck
  • Hard wheat -  wheat with hard dark-colored kernels high in gluten and used for bread and pasta; grown especially in southern Russia, North Africa, and northern central North America
  • Hardening of the arteries -  sclerosis of the arterial walls
  • Hare -  swift timid long-eared mammal larger than a rabbit having a divided upper lip and long hind legs; young born furred and with open eyes; flesh of any of various rabbits or hares (wild or domesticated) eaten as food; verb run quickly, like a hare
  • Hazelnut -  nut of any of several trees of the genus Corylus; any of several shrubs or small trees of the genus Corylus bearing edible nuts enclosed in a leafy husk
  • HDL -  a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of a high proportion of protein and relatively little cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with decreased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis
  • health -  the general condition of body and mind; a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
  • healthful -  conducive to good health of body or mind; free from filth and pathogens
  • Heart -  a playing card in the major suit that has one or more red hearts on it; an inclination or tendency of a certain kind; the courage to carry on; the hollow muscular organ located behind the sternum and between the lungs; its rhythmic contractions move the blood through the body; the locus of feelings and intuitions; a firm rather dry variety meat (usually beef or veal); a plane figure with rounded sides curving inward at the top and intersecting at the bottom; conventionally used on playing cards and valentines; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; a positive feeling of liking; an area that is approximately central within some larger region
  • Heart disease -  a disease of the heart
  • Heartburn -  a painful burning sensation in the chest caused by gastroesophageal reflux (backflow from the stomach irritating the esophagus); symptomatic of an ulcer or a diaphragmatic hernia or other disorder
  • Heavy cream -  contains more than 36% butterfat
  • Helianthus tuberosus -  tall perennial with hairy stems and leaves; widely cultivated for its large irregular edible tubers
  • herbal -  of or relating to herbs;  tea-like drink made of leaves of various herbs
  • Hibiscus esculentus -  tall coarse annual of Old World tropics widely cultivated in southern United States and West Indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus
  • High blood pressure -  a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
  • history -  the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge; a record or narrative description of past events; the aggregate of past events; the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future
  • Hominy -  hulled corn with the bran and germ removed
  • Honey -  of something having the color of honey;  a sweet yellow liquid produced by bees; a beloved person; used as terms of endearment; verb sweeten with honey
  • Honeydew -  the fruit of a variety of winter melon vine; a large smooth greenish-white melon with pale green flesh
  • Hops -  twining perennials having cordate leaves and flowers arranged in conelike spikes; the dried flowers of this plant are used in brewing to add the characteristic bitter taste to beer
  • horseradish -  grated horseradish root; coarse Eurasian plant cultivated for its thick white pungent root; the root of the horseradish plant; it is grated or ground and used for seasoning
  • Hyacinth bean -  perennial twining vine of Old World tropics having trifoliate leaves and racemes of fragrant purple pea-like flowers followed by maroon pods of edible seeds; grown as an ornamental and as a vegetable on the Indian subcontinent; sometimes placed in genus Dolichos
  • hypertension -  a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
  • I -  the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet; a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
  • Ice cream -  frozen dessert containing cream and sugar and flavoring
  • Ice milk -  similar to ice cream but made of milk
  • infancy -  the earliest state of immaturity; the early stage of growth or development
  • invention -  the act of inventing; a creation (a new device or process) resulting from study and experimentation; the creation of something in the mind
  • Ipomoea batatas -  pantropical vine widely cultivated in several varieties for its large sweet tuberous root with orange flesh
  • Iron -  extremely robust;  home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth; a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head; implement used to brand live stock; a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood; verb press and smooth with a heated iron
  • jackfruit -  immense East Indian fruit resembling breadfruit; it contains an edible pulp and nutritious seeds that are commonly roasted; East Indian tree cultivated for its immense edible fruit and seeds
  • Jamberry -  annual of Mexico and southern United States having edible purplish viscid fruit resembling small tomatoes; Mexican annual naturalized in eastern North America having yellow to purple edible fruit resembling small tomatoes
  • Japanese medlar -  evergreen tree of warm regions having fuzzy yellow olive-sized fruit with a large free stone; native to China and Japan
  • Japanese persimmon -  small deciduous Asiatic tree bearing large red or orange edible astringent fruit
  • Japanese plum -  small tree of China and Japan bearing large yellow to red plums usually somewhat inferior to European plums in flavor; yellow olive-sized semitropical fruit with a large free stone and relatively little flesh; used for jellies; evergreen tree of warm regions having fuzzy yellow olive-sized fruit with a large free stone; native to China and Japan
  • Jerusalem artichoke -  sunflower tuber eaten raw or boiled or sliced thin and fried as Saratoga chips; tall perennial with hairy stems and leaves; widely cultivated for its large irregular edible tubers; edible tuber of the Jerusalem artichoke
  • juice -  any of several liquids of the body; the liquid part that can be extracted from plant or animal tissue; electric current; energetic vitality
  • jujube -  chewy fruit-flavored jellied candy (sometimes medicated to soothe a sore throat); dark red plumlike fruit of Old World buckthorn trees; spiny tree having dark red edible fruits
  • juniper berry -  berrylike fruit of a plant of the genus Juniperus especially the berrylike cone of the common juniper
  • Kaki -  blackish stilt of New Zealand sometimes considered a color phase of the white-headed stilt; small deciduous Asiatic tree bearing large red or orange edible astringent fruit
  • kelp -  large brown seaweeds having fluted leathery fronds
  • kidney -  either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • kiwi -  nocturnal flightless bird of New Zealand having a long neck and stout legs; only surviving representative of the order Apterygiformes; fuzzy brown egg-shaped fruit with slightly tart green flesh; a native or inhabitant of New Zealand; climbing vine native to China; cultivated in New Zealand for its fuzzy edible fruit with green meat
  • kohlrabi -  fleshy turnip-shaped edible stem of the kohlrabi plant; plant cultivated for its enlarged fleshy turnip-shaped edible stem
  • kumquat -  small oval citrus fruit with thin sweet rind and very acid pulp; any of several trees or shrubs of the genus Fortunella bearing small orange-colored edible fruits with thick sweet-flavored skin and sour pulp
  • Lablab -  one species: hyacinth bean
  • Lactose -  a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk
  • Lactose intolerance -  congenital disorder consisting of an inability to digest milk and milk products; absence or deficiency of lactase results in an inability to hydrolyze lactose
  • Lactuca sativa -  annual or perennial garden plant having succulent leaves used in salads; widely grown
  • Lager -  a general term for beer made with bottom fermenting yeast (usually by decoction mashing); originally it was brewed in March or April and matured until September; a camp defended by a circular formation of wagons
  • Lamb -  young sheep; the flesh of a young domestic sheep eaten as food; a sweet innocent mild-mannered person (especially a child); a person easily deceived or cheated (especially in financial matters); English essayist (1775-1834); verb give birth to a lamb
  • Laminaria -  type genus of the family Laminariaceae: perennial brown kelps
  • Laminariaceae -  large family of marine brown algae including many economically important large kelps chiefly of northern waters
  • lard -  soft white semisolid fat obtained by rendering the fatty tissue of the hog; verb prepare or cook with lard; add details to
  • Latte -  strong espresso coffee with a topping of frothed steamed milk
  • Lauraceae -  a family of Lauraceae
  • lavender -  of a pale purple color;  any of various Old World aromatic shrubs or subshrubs with usually mauve or blue flowers; widely cultivated
  • LDL -  a lipoprotein that transports cholesterol in the blood; composed of moderate amount of protein and a large amount of cholesterol; high levels are thought to be associated with increased risk of coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis
  • leek -  related to onions; white cylindrical bulb and flat dark-green leaves; plant having a large slender white bulb and flat overlapping dark green leaves; used in cooking; believed derived from the wild Allium ampeloprasum
  • Leguminosae -  a large family of trees, shrubs, vines, and herbs bearing bean pods; divided for convenience into the subfamilies Caesalpiniaceae; Mimosaceae; Papilionaceae
  • lemon -  an artifact (especially an automobile) that is defective or unsatisfactory; a distinctive tart flavor characteristic of lemons; yellow oval fruit with juicy acidic flesh; a small evergreen tree that originated in Asia but is widely cultivated for its fruit; a strong yellow color
  • lemon balm -  lemony leaves used for a tisane or in soups or fruit punches; bushy perennial Old World mint having small white or yellowish flowers and fragrant lemon-flavored leaves; a garden escapee in northern Europe and North America
  • lemon grass -  an aromatic oil that smells like lemon and is widely used in Asian cooking and in perfumes and medicines
  • lentil -  round flat seed of the lentil plant used for food; widely cultivated Eurasian annual herb grown for its edible flattened seeds that are cooked like peas and also ground into meal and for its leafy stalks that are used as fodder; the fruit or seed of a lentil plant
  • Lepidium sativum -  annual herb used as salad green and garnish
  • lettuce -  leaves of any of various plants of Lactuca sativa; any of various plants of the genus Lactuca; informal terms for money
  • licorice root -  root of licorice used in flavoring e.g. candy and liqueurs and medicines
  • Lifestyle -  a manner of living that reflects the person's values and attitudes
  • Light beer -  lager with reduced alcohol content
  • Light cream -  cream that has at least 18% butterfat
  • Light whipping cream -  cream that has enough butterfat (30% to 36%) to be whipped
  • Lignin -  a complex polymer; the chief constituent of wood other than carbohydrates; binds to cellulose fibers to harden and strengthen cell walls of plants
  • Liliaceae -  includes species sometimes divided among the following families: Alliaceae; Aloeaceae; Alstroemeriaceae; Aphyllanthaceae; Asparagaceae; Asphodelaceae; Colchicaceae; Convallariaceae; Hemerocallidaceae; Hostaceae; Hyacinthaceae; Melanthiaceae; Ruscaceae; Smilacaceae; Tecophilaeacea; Xanthorrhoeaceae
  • Limburger -  a soft white cheese with a very strong pungent odor and flavor
  • lime -  the green acidic fruit of any of various lime trees; any of various related trees bearing limes; any of various deciduous trees of the genus Tilia with heart-shaped leaves and drooping cymose clusters of yellowish often fragrant flowers; several yield valuable timber; a sticky adhesive that is smeared on small branches to capture small birds; a white crystalline oxide used in the production of calcium hydroxide; a caustic substance produced by heating limestone; verb cover with lime so as to induce growth; spread birdlime on branches to catch birds
  • Lingonberry -  tart red berries similar to American cranberries but smaller; low evergreen shrub of high north temperate regions of Europe and Asia and America bearing red edible berries
  • Linseed oil -  a drying oil extracted from flax seed and used in making such things as oil paints
  • Liquid -  clear and bright; smooth and flowing in quality; entirely free of harshness; existing as or having characteristics of a liquid; especially tending to flow; filled or brimming with tears; in cash or easily convertible to cash; smooth and unconstrained in movement; changed from a solid to a liquid state;  a frictionless continuant that is not a nasal consonant (especially `l' and `r'); the state in which a substance exhibits a characteristic readiness to flow with little or no tendency to disperse and relatively high incompressibility; a substance in the fluid state of matter having no fixed shape but a fixed volume; a substance that is liquid at room temperature and pressure
  • Litchi -  Chinese fruit having a thin brittle shell enclosing a sweet jellylike pulp and a single seed; often dried; Chinese tree cultivated especially in Philippines and India for its edible fruit; sometimes placed in genus Nephelium
  • Liver -  having a reddish-brown color;  large and complicated reddish-brown glandular organ located in the upper right portion of the abdominal cavity; secretes bile and functions in metabolism of protein and carbohydrate and fat; synthesizes substances involved in the clotting of the blood; synthesizes vitamin A; detoxifies poisonous substances and breaks down worn-out erythrocytes; liver of an animal used as meat; someone who lives in a place; a person who has a special life style
  • Lobster -  any of several edible marine crustaceans of the families Homaridae and Nephropsidae and Palinuridae; flesh of a lobster
  • longan -  tree of southeastern Asia to Australia grown primarily for its sweet edible fruit resembling litchi nuts; sometimes placed in genera Euphorbia or Nephelium
  • loquat -  yellow olive-sized semitropical fruit with a large free stone and relatively little flesh; used for jellies; evergreen tree of warm regions having fuzzy yellow olive-sized fruit with a large free stone; native to China and Japan
  • Lunch -  a midday meal; verb take the midday meal; provide a midday meal for
  • lychee -  Chinese fruit having a thin brittle shell enclosing a sweet jellylike pulp and a single seed; often dried
  • Lycopene -  carotenoid that makes tomatoes red; may lower the risk of prostate cancer
  • Lycopersicon esculentum -  native to South America; widely cultivated in many varieties
  • Macadamia nut -  nutlike seed with sweet and crisp white meat; small Australian tree with racemes of pink flowers; widely cultivated (especially in Hawaii) for its sweet edible nuts
  • Macaroni -  pasta in the form of slender tubes; a British dandy in the 18th century who affected Continental mannerisms
  • Mace -  a ceremonial staff carried as a symbol of office or authority; spice made from the dried fleshy covering of the nutmeg seed; (trademark) a liquid that temporarily disables a person; prepared as an aerosol and sprayed in the face, it irritates the eyes and causes dizziness and immobilization; an official who carries a mace of office
  • mackerel -  any of various fishes of the family Scombridae; flesh of very important usually small (to 18 in) fatty Atlantic fish
  • Magnesium -  a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
  • Maize -  a strong yellow color; tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times
  • makeover -  a complete reconstruction and renovation of something; an overall beauty treatment (involving a person's hair style and cosmetics and clothing) intended to change or improve a person's appearance
  • Malpighia glabra -  tropical American shrub bearing edible acid red fruit resembling cherries
  • Malpighiaceae -  tropical shrubs or trees
  • Malt liquor -  a lager of high alcohol content; by law it is considered too alcoholic to be sold as lager or beer
  • Maltose -  a white crystalline sugar formed during the digestion of starches
  • Malus pumila -  native Eurasian tree widely cultivated in many varieties for its firm rounded edible fruits
  • Malus sylvestris -  wild crab apple native to Europe; a chief ancestor of cultivated apples
  • Malvaceae -  herbs and shrubs and some trees: mallows; cotton; okra
  • Mangifera indica -  large evergreen tropical tree cultivated for its large oval fruit
  • mango -  large oval tropical fruit having smooth skin, juicy aromatic pulp, and a large hairy seed; large evergreen tropical tree cultivated for its large oval fruit
  • Manilkara zapota -  large tropical American evergreen yielding chicle gum and edible fruit; sometimes placed in genus Achras
  • Manioc -  cassava with long tuberous edible roots and soft brittle stems; used especially to make cassiri (an intoxicating drink) and tapioca; cassava root eaten as a staple food after drying and leaching; source of tapioca; a starch made by leaching and drying the root of the cassava plant; the source of tapioca; a staple food in the tropics
  • Maple syrup -  made by concentrating sap from sugar maples
  • margarine -  a spread made chiefly from vegetable oils and used as a substitute for butter
  • marjoram -  pungent leaves used as seasoning with meats and fowl and in stews and soups and omelets; aromatic Eurasian perennial
  • May apple -  edible but insipid fruit of the May apple plant; North American herb with poisonous root stock and edible though insipid fruit
  • Meal -  coarsely ground foodstuff; especially seeds of various cereal grasses or pulse; the food served and eaten at one time; any of the occasions for eating food that occur by custom or habit at more or less fixed times
  • measurement -  the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule
  • meat -  the flesh of animals (including fishes and birds and snails) used as food; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; the inner and usually edible part of a seed or grain or nut or fruit stone
  • Medicine -  the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease; the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques; punishment for one's actions; verb treat medicinally, treat with medicine
  • men -  the force of workers available
  • milk -  produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding their young; a white nutritious liquid secreted by mammals and used as food by human beings; any of several nutritive milklike liquids; a river that rises in the Rockies in northwestern Montana and flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri River; verb take milk from female mammals; add milk to; exploit as much as possible
  • Milk chocolate -  chocolate made from chocolate liquor with sugar and cocoa butter and powdered milk solids and vanilla and (usually) lecithin; the most common form of chocolate for eating; used in chocolate candy and baking and coatings
  • millet -  small seed of any of various annual cereal grasses especially Setaria italica; French painter of rural scenes (1814-1875); any of various small-grained annual cereal and forage grasses of the genera Panicum, Echinochloa, Setaria, Sorghum, and Eleusine
  • Mineral water -  water naturally or artificially impregnated with mineral salts or gasses; often effervescent; often used therapeutically
  • mint -  as if new;  a plant where money is coined by authority of the government; a candy that is flavored with a mint oil; the leaves of a mint plant used fresh or candied; any north temperate plant of the genus Mentha with aromatic leaves and small mauve flowers; (often followed by `of') a large number or amount or extent; verb form by stamping, punching, or printing
  • mocha -  superior dark coffee made from beans from Arabia; flavoring made from mixed coffee and chocolate; soft suede glove leather from goatskin
  • modification -  slightly modified copy; not an exact copy; the grammatical relation that exists when a word qualifies the meaning of the phrase; the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment); an event that occurs when something passes from one state or phase to another
  • Molasses -  thick dark syrup produced by boiling down juice from sugar cane; especially during sugar refining
  • Momordica charantia -  tropical Old World vine with yellow-orange fruit
  • Moraceae -  trees or shrubs having a milky juice; in some classifications includes genus Cannabis
  • Morning sickness -  nausea early in the day; a characteristic symptom in the early months of pregnancy
  • Morus -  type genus of the Moraceae: mulberries
  • Mozzarella -  mild white Italian cheese
  • mulberry -  sweet usually dark purple blackberry-like fruit of any of several mulberry trees of the genus Morus; any of several trees of the genus Morus having edible fruit that resembles the blackberry
  • Mung bean -  erect bushy annual widely cultivated in warm regions of India and Indonesia and United States for forage and especially its edible seeds; chief source of bean sprouts used in Chinese cookery; sometimes placed in genus Phaseolus
  • Musa paradisiaca -  a banana tree bearing hanging clusters of edible angular greenish starchy fruits; tropics and subtropics
  • Musaceae -  treelike tropical Asian herbs
  • Mushroom -  fleshy body of any of numerous edible fungi; a large cloud of rubble and dust shaped like a mushroom and rising into the sky after an explosion (especially of a nuclear bomb); any of various fleshy fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota consisting of a cap at the end of a stem arising from an underground mycelium; common name for an edible agaric (contrasting with the inedible toadstool); verb grow and spread fast; pick or gather mushrooms
  • Muskmelon -  the fruit of a muskmelon vine; any of several sweet melons related to cucumbers; any of several varieties of vine whose fruit has a netted rind and edible flesh and a musky smell
  • mustard -  leaves eaten as cooked greens; pungent powder or paste prepared from ground mustard seeds; any of several cruciferous plants of the genus Brassica
  • Myrtaceae -  trees and shrubs yielding a fragrant oil
  • National Institutes of Health -  an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services whose mission is to employ science in the pursuit of knowledge to improve human health; is the principal biomedical research agency of the federal government
  • nectarine -  a variety or mutation of the peach that has a smooth skin; variety or mutation of the peach bearing fruit with smooth skin and (usually) yellow flesh
  • needs - adv. in such a manner as could not be otherwise
  • Nephelium lappaceum -  Malayan tree bearing spiny red fruit
  • Nephelium longana -  tree of southeastern Asia to Australia grown primarily for its sweet edible fruit resembling litchi nuts; sometimes placed in genera Euphorbia or Nephelium
  • Niacin -  a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
  • Nopal -  any of several cacti of the genus Nopalea resembling prickly pears; cactus having yellow flowers and purple fruits
  • Nutmeg -  hard aromatic seed of the nutmeg tree used as spice when grated or ground; East Indian tree widely cultivated in the tropics for its aromatic seed; source of two spices: nutmeg and mace
  • nutrient -  of or providing nourishment;  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
  • Nutrition -  the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans); (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance; a source of materials to nourish the body
  • nuts -  informal or slang terms for mentally irregular
  • Obesity -  more than average fatness
  • Octopus -  bottom-living cephalopod having a soft oval body with eight long tentacles; tentacles of octopus prepared as food
  • oil -  oil paint containing pigment that is used by an artist; a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water; any of a group of liquid edible fats that are obtained from plants; verb cover with oil, as if by rubbing; administer an oil or ointment to ; often in a religious ceremony of blessing
  • okra -  tall coarse annual of Old World tropics widely cultivated in southern United States and West Indies for its long mucilaginous green pods used as basis for soups and stews; sometimes placed in genus Hibiscus; long green edible beaked pods of the okra plant; long mucilaginous green pods; may be simmered or sauteed but used especially in soups and stews
  • Olea europaea -  evergreen tree cultivated in the Mediterranean region since antiquity and now elsewhere; has edible shiny black fruits
  • Oleaceae -  trees and shrubs having berries or drupes or capsules as fruits; sometimes placed in the order Oleales: olive; ash; jasmine; privet; lilac
  • Olive oil -  oil from olives
  • Omega -  the last (24th) letter of the Greek alphabet; the ending of a series or sequence
  • onion -  an aromatic flavorful bulb; bulbous plant having hollow leaves cultivated worldwide for its rounded edible bulb; edible bulb of an onion plant
  • orange -  of the color between red and yellow; similar to the color of a ripe orange;  orange color or pigment; any of a range of colors between red and yellow; round yellow to orange fruit of any of several citrus trees; a river in South Africa that flows generally westward to the Atlantic Ocean; any citrus tree bearing oranges; any pigment producing the orange color
  • oregano -  aromatic Eurasian perennial; pungent leaves used as seasoning with meats and fowl and in stews and soups and omelets
  • osteoporosis -  abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
  • ostrich -  fast-running African flightless bird with two-toed feet; largest living bird; a person who refuses to face reality or recognize the truth (a reference to the popular notion that the ostrich hides from danger by burying its head in the sand)
  • Oxalidaceae -  a family of widely distributed herbs of the order Geraniales; have compound leaves and pentamerous flowers
  • Oyster plant -  long white salsify; Mediterranean biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long edible root; naturalized throughout United States; edible root of the salsify plant
  • Pachyrhizus erosus -  Central American twining plant with edible roots and pods; large tubers are eaten raw or cooked especially when young and young pods must be thoroughly cooked; pods and seeds also yield rotenone and oils
  • Palm oil -  oil from nuts of oil palms especially the African oil palm
  • Palmaceae -  chiefly tropical trees and shrubs and vines usually having a tall columnar trunk bearing a crown of very large leaves; coextensive with the order Palmales
  • papaya -  large oval melon-like tropical fruit with yellowish flesh; tropical American shrub or small tree having huge deeply palmately cleft leaves and large oblong yellow fruit
  • paprika -  a mild powdered seasoning made from dried pimientos; plant bearing large mild thick-walled usually bell-shaped fruits; the principal salad peppers
  • parsley -  aromatic herb with flat or crinkly leaves that are cut finely and used to garnish food; annual or perennial herb with aromatic leaves
  • parsnip -  whitish edible root; eaten cooked; a strong-scented plant cultivated for its edible root; the whitish root of cultivated parsnip
  • Passiflora edulis -  Brazilian passionflower cultivated for its deep purple fruit
  • Passifloraceae -  tropical woody tendril-climbing vines
  • passion fruit -  egg-shaped tropical fruit of certain passionflower vines; used for sherbets and confectionery and drinks
  • pasta -  shaped and dried dough made from flour and water and sometimes egg; a dish that contains pasta as its main ingredient
  • Pastinaca sativa -  a strong-scented plant cultivated for its edible root
  • peach -  downy juicy fruit with sweet yellowish or whitish flesh; cultivated in temperate regions; a shade of pink tinged with yellow; a very attractive or seductive looking woman; verb divulge confidential information or secrets; "Be careful--his secretary talks"
  • Peanut oil -  a oil from peanuts; used in cooking and making soap
  • peanuts -  an insignificant sum of money; a trifling amount
  • pear -  sweet juicy gritty-textured fruit available in many varieties; Old World tree having sweet gritty-textured juicy fruit; widely cultivated in many varieties
  • Pectin -  any of various water-soluble colloidal carbohydrates that occur in ripe fruit and vegetables; used in making fruit jellies and jams
  • pepper -  sweet and hot varieties of fruits of plants of the genus Capsicum; pungent seasoning from the berry of the common pepper plant of East India; use whole or ground; climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern Burma and Assam; any of various tropical plants of the genus Capsicum bearing peppers; verb attack and bombard with or as if with missiles; add pepper to
  • perch -  any of numerous spiny-finned fishes of various families of the order Perciformes; spiny-finned freshwater food and game fishes; support consisting of a branch or rod that serves as a resting place (especially for a bird); any of numerous fishes of America and Europe; an elevated place serving as a seat; a square rod of land; a linear measure of 16.5 feet; verb sit, as on a branch; cause to perch or sit; to come to rest, settle
  • Persea americana -  tropical American tree bearing large pulpy green fruits
  • persimmon -  orange fruit resembling a plum; edible when fully ripe; any of several tropical trees of the genus Diospyros
  • Petroselinum crispum -  annual or perennial herb with aromatic leaves
  • Phaseolus vulgaris -  the common annual twining or bushy bean plant grown for its edible seeds or pods
  • Phoenix dactylifera -  tall tropical feather palm tree native to Syria bearing sweet edible fruit
  • Phosphorus -  a multivalent nonmetallic element of the nitrogen family that occurs commonly in inorganic phosphate rocks and as organic phosphates in all living cells; is highly reactive and occurs in several allotropic forms; a planet (usually Venus) seen just before sunrise in the eastern sky
  • Phyllostachys -  medium and large bamboos
  • Physalis ixocarpa -  annual of Mexico and southern United States having edible purplish viscid fruit resembling small tomatoes
  • Pilsener -  a pale lager with strong flavor of hops; first brewed in the Bohemian town of Pilsen
  • Pilsner -  a pale lager with strong flavor of hops; first brewed in the Bohemian town of Pilsen
  • pineapple -  large sweet fleshy tropical fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated; a tropical American plant bearing a large fleshy edible fruit with a terminal tuft of stiff leaves; widely cultivated in the tropics
  • Pineapple guava -  dark-green kiwi-sized tropical fruit with white flesh; used chiefly for jellies and preserves
  • pistachio nut -  nut of Mediterranean trees having an edible green kernel
  • planning -  the act or process of drawing up plans or layouts for some project or enterprise; an act of formulating a program for a definite course of action; the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening
  • Plantain -  starchy banana-like fruit; eaten (always cooked) as a staple vegetable throughout the tropics; a banana tree bearing hanging clusters of edible angular greenish starchy fruits; tropics and subtropics; any of numerous plants of the genus Plantago; mostly small roadside or dooryard weeds with elliptic leaves and small spikes of very small flowers; seeds of some used medicinally
  • plum - adv. completely; used as intensifiers; exactly;  a highly desirable position or assignment; any of numerous varieties of small to medium-sized round or oval fruit having a smooth skin and a single pit; any of several trees producing edible oval fruit having a smooth skin and a single hard stone
  • Polygonaceae -  a family of plants of order Polygonales chiefly of the north temperate zone; includes the buckwheats
  • pomegranate -  large globular fruit having many seeds with juicy red pulp in a tough brownish-red rind; shrub or small tree native to southwestern Asia having large red many-seeded fruit
  • Pomelo -  large pear-shaped fruit similar to grapefruit but with coarse dry pulp; southeastern Asian tree producing large fruits resembling grapefruits
  • Popcorn -  small kernels of corn exploded by heat; corn having small ears and kernels that burst when exposed to dry heat
  • pork -  meat from a domestic hog or pig; a legislative appropriation designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents
  • Porter -  a very dark sweet ale brewed from roasted unmalted barley; a railroad employee who assists passengers (especially on sleeping cars); a person employed to carry luggage and supplies; United States writer of short stories whose pen name was O. Henry (1862-1910); United States composer and lyricist of musical comedies (1891-1946); United States writer of novels and short stories (1890-1980); someone who guards an entrance; verb carry luggage or supplies
  • Potassium -  a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • potato -  an edible tuber native to South America; a staple food of Ireland; annual native to South America having underground stolons bearing edible starchy tubers; widely cultivated as a garden vegetable; vines are poisonous
  • poultry -  flesh of chickens or turkeys or ducks or geese raised for food; a domesticated gallinaceous bird thought to be descended from the red jungle fowl
  • Powdered milk -  dehydrated milk
  • pregnancy -  the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • preparation -  the activity of putting or setting in order in advance of some act or purpose; (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord; the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; preparatory school work done outside school (especially at home); activity leading to skilled behavior; the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening; the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action); a substance prepared according to a formula
  • prevention -  the act of preventing
  • prickly pear -  round or pear-shaped spiny fruit of any of various prickly pear cacti; cacti having spiny flat joints and oval fruit that is edible in some species; often used as food for stock
  • processed -  subjected to a special process or treatment; prepared or converted from a natural state by subjecting to a special process; freed from impurities by processing
  • processing -  preparing or putting through a prescribed procedure
  • protein -  any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
  • Prunus armeniaca -  temperate zone tree bearing downy yellow to rosy fruits
  • Prunus avium -  large Eurasian tree producing small dark bitter fruit in the wild but edible sweet fruit under cultivation
  • Prunus domestica -  any of various widely distributed plums grown in the cooler temperate areas
  • Prunus persica -  cultivated in temperate regions
  • Prunus salicina -  small tree of China and Japan bearing large yellow to red plums usually somewhat inferior to European plums in flavor
  • Psidium guajava -  small tropical American shrubby tree; widely cultivated in warm regions for its sweet globular yellow fruit
  • pummelo -  southeastern Asian tree producing large fruits resembling grapefruits
  • Pumpernickel -  bread made of coarse rye flour
  • Punch -  (boxing) a blow with the fist; a tool for making holes or indentations; an iced mixed drink usually containing alcohol and prepared for multiple servings; normally served in a punch bowl; verb deliver a quick blow to; make a hole into or between, as for ease of separation; drive forcibly as if by a punch
  • Punica granatum -  shrub or small tree native to southwestern Asia having large red many-seeded fruit
  • Punicaceae -  one species: pomegranates
  • Pyrus communis -  Old World tree having sweet gritty-textured juicy fruit; widely cultivated in many varieties
  • Quahog -  an edible American clam; the heavy shells were used as money by some American Indians; Atlantic coast round clams with hard shells; large clams usually used for chowders or other clam dishes
  • quince -  aromatic acid-tasting pear-shaped fruit used in preserves; small Asian tree with pinkish flowers and pear-shaped fruit; widely cultivated
  • Rabbit -  any of various burrowing animals of the family Leporidae having long ears and short tails; some domesticated and raised for pets or food; flesh of any of various rabbits or hares (wild or domesticated) eaten as food; the fur of a rabbit; verb hunt rabbits
  • Race -  a contest of speed; any competition; people who are believed to belong to the same genetic stock; a canal for a current of water; (biology) a taxonomic group that is a division of a species; usually arises as a consequence of geographical isolation within a species; the flow of air that is driven backwards by an aircraft propeller; verb compete in a race; cause to move fast or to rush or race; to work as fast as possible towards a goal, sometimes in competition with others; step on it
  • Radicchio -  prized variety of chicory having globose heads of red leaves
  • radish -  pungent fleshy edible root; Eurasian plant widely cultivated for its edible pungent root usually eaten raw; pungent edible root of any of various cultivated radish plants; radish of Japan with a long hard durable root eaten raw or cooked; a cruciferous plant of the genus Raphanus having a pungent edible root
  • rambutan -  pleasantly acid bright red oval Malayan fruit covered with soft spines; Malayan tree bearing spiny red fruit
  • Raphanus sativus -  Eurasian plant widely cultivated for its edible pungent root usually eaten raw
  • raspberry -  red or black edible aggregate berries usually smaller than the related blackberries; woody brambles bearing usually red but sometimes black or yellow fruits that separate from the receptacle when ripe and are rounder and smaller than blackberries; a cry or noise made to express displeasure or contempt
  • raw -  not treated with heat to prepare it for eating; lacking training or experience; brutally unfair or harsh; used of wood and furniture; having the surface exposed and painful; untempered and unrefined; not processed or refined; not processed or subjected to analysis; (used informally) completely unclothed; unpleasantly cold and damp; devoid of elaboration or diminution or concealment; bare and pure; hurting; (used especially of commodities) being unprocessed or manufactured using only simple or minimal processes;  informal terms for nakedness
  • Red cole -  coarse Eurasian plant cultivated for its thick white pungent root
  • Red currant -  small red berries used primarily in jams and jellies; cultivated European current bearing small edible red berries
  • Refrigeration -  deliberately lowering the body's temperature for therapeutic purposes; the process of cooling or freezing (e.g., food) for preservative purposes
  • Rhamnaceae -  trees and shrubs usually thorny bearing drupaceous fruit many having medicinal value
  • Rheum -  rhubarb; a watery discharge from the mucous membranes (especially from the eyes or nose)
  • Rheum palmatum -  long used for laxative properties
  • Rheum rhaponticum -  long cultivated hybrid of Rheum palmatum; stems often cooked in pies or as sauce or preserves
  • rhubarb -  plants having long green or reddish acidic leafstalks growing in basal clumps; stems (and only the stems) are edible when cooked; leaves are poisonous; long pinkish sour leafstalks usually eaten cooked and sweetened
  • Ribes grossularia -  spiny Eurasian shrub having greenish purple-tinged flowers and ovoid yellow-green or red-purple berries
  • Ribes nigrum -  widely cultivated current bearing edible black aromatic berries
  • Ribes rubrum -  cultivated European current bearing small edible red berries
  • Ribes sativum -  garden currant bearing small white berries
  • Riboflavin -  a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss
  • rice -  grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished; United States playwright (1892-1967); English lyricist who frequently worked with Andrew Lloyd Webber (born in 1944); annual or perennial rhizomatous marsh grasses; seed used for food; straw used for paper; verb sieve so that it becomes the consistency of rice
  • Ricotta -  soft Italian cheese like cottage cheese
  • Rock salt -  naturally occurring crystalline sodium chloride
  • Rocket -  a jet engine containing its own propellant and driven by reaction propulsion; any vehicle self-propelled by a rocket engine; propels bright light high in the sky, or used to propel a lifesaving line or harpoon; erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender; sends a firework display high into the sky; verb propel with a rocket; shoot up abruptly, like a rocket
  • Roquefort -  French blue cheese
  • Roquette -  erect European annual often grown as a salad crop to be harvested when young and tender
  • Rosaceae -  a large family of dicotyledonous plants of order Rosales; have alternate leaves and five-petaled flowers with numerous stamens
  • rosemary -  extremely pungent leaves used fresh or dried as seasoning for especially meats; widely cultivated for its fragrant grey-green leaves used in cooking and in perfumery
  • Roughage -  coarse food high in fiber but low in nutrients; its bulk stimulates peristalsis
  • Rubus idaeus -  the common European raspberry; fruit red or orange
  • Rubus strigosus -  red raspberry of North America
  • rutabaga -  the large yellow root of a rutabaga plant used as food; a cruciferous plant with a thick bulbous edible yellow root
  • Rutaceae -  a family of dicotyledonous plants of order Geraniales; have flowers that are divide into four or five parts and usually have a strong scent
  • rye -  whiskey distilled from rye or rye and malt; hardy annual cereal grass widely cultivated in northern Europe where its grain is the chief ingredient of black bread and in North America for forage and soil improvement; the seed of the cereal grass
  • Rye bread -  any of various breads made entirely or partly with rye flour
  • Saccharin -  a crystalline substance 500 times sweeter than sugar; used as a calorie-free sweetener
  • Safflower oil -  oil from seeds of the safflower plant; oil from safflower seeds used as food as well as in medicines and paints
  • Safflower seed -  seed of the safflower
  • saffron -  dried pungent stigmas of the Old World saffron crocus; Old World crocus having purple or white flowers with aromatic pungent orange stigmas used in flavoring food; a shade of yellow tinged with orange
  • sage -  of the grey-green color of sage leaves; having wisdom that comes with age and experience;  aromatic fresh or dried grey-green leaves used widely as seasoning for meats and fowl and game etc; a mentor in spiritual and philosophical topics who is renowned for profound wisdom; any of various plants of the genus Salvia; a cosmopolitan herb
  • salmon -  of orange tinged with pink;  any of various large food and game fishes of northern waters; usually migrate from salt to fresh water to spawn; flesh of any of various marine or freshwater fish of the family Salmonidae; a tributary of the Snake River in Idaho
  • Salsa -  spicy sauce of tomatoes and onions and chili peppers to accompany Mexican foods
  • salsify -  either of two long roots eaten cooked; Mediterranean biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long edible root; naturalized throughout United States; edible root of the salsify plant
  • salt -  (of speech) painful or bitter; one of the four basic taste sensations; like the taste of sea water;  the taste experience when common salt is taken into the mouth; white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food; a compound formed by replacing hydrogen in an acid by a metal (or a radical that acts like a metal); negotiations between the United States and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics opened in 1969 in Helsinki designed to limit both countries' stock of nuclear weapons; verb preserve with salt; add zest or liveliness to; sprinkle as if with salt; add salt to
  • Sambucus canadensis -  common elder of central and eastern North America bearing purple-black berries; fruit used in wines and jellies
  • Sapindaceae -  chiefly tropical New and Old World deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs bearing leathery drupes with yellow translucent flesh; most plants produce toxic saponins
  • sapodilla -  tropical fruit with a rough brownish skin and very sweet brownish pulp; large tropical American evergreen yielding chicle gum and edible fruit; sometimes placed in genus Achras
  • Sapotaceae -  tropical trees or shrubs with milky juice and often edible fleshy fruit
  • sausage -  highly seasoned minced meat stuffed in casings; a small nonrigid airship used for observation or as a barrage balloon
  • Saxifragaceae -  a large and diverse family of evergreen or deciduous herbs; widely distributed in northern temperate and cold regions; sometimes includes genera of the family Hydrangeaceae
  • scallion -  young onion before the bulb has enlarged; plant having a large slender white bulb and flat overlapping dark green leaves; used in cooking; believed derived from the wild Allium ampeloprasum
  • Seafood -  edible fish (broadly including freshwater fish) or shellfish or roe etc
  • Seasoned salt -  combination of salt and vegetable extracts and spices and monosodium glutamate
  • Selenium -  a toxic nonmetallic element related to sulfur and tellurium; occurs in several allotropic forms; a stable grey metallike allotrope conducts electricity better in the light than in the dark and is used in photocells; occurs in sulfide ores (as pyrite)
  • semisoft -  somewhat soft
  • Semolina -  milled product of durum wheat (or other hard wheat) used in pasta
  • senior -  used of the fourth and final year in United States high school or college; older; higher in rank; longer in length of tenure or service; advanced in years; (`aged' is proced as two syllables);  an undergraduate student during the year preceding graduation; a person who is older than you are
  • Sesame oil -  oil obtained from sesame seeds
  • sesame seed -  small oval seeds of the sesame plant
  • Sex -  the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles; all of the feelings resulting from the urge to gratify sexual impulses; either of the two categories (male or female) into which most organisms are divided; activities associated with sexual intercourse; verb tell the sex (of young chickens); stimulate sexually
  • Shaddock -  large pear-shaped fruit similar to grapefruit but with coarse dry pulp; southeastern Asian tree producing large fruits resembling grapefruits
  • shellfish -  meat of edible aquatic invertebrate with a shell (especially a mollusk or crustacean); invertebrate having a soft unsegmented body usually enclosed in a shell
  • Sherbet -  an ice containing milk
  • shrimp -  small slender-bodied chiefly marine decapod crustaceans with a long tail and single pair of pincers; many species are edible; any of various edible decapod crustaceans; disparaging terms for small people; verb fish for shrimp
  • Skim milk -  milk from which the cream has been skimmed
  • smelt -  small trout-like silvery marine or freshwater food fishes of cold northern waters; small cold-water silvery fish; migrate between salt and fresh water; verb extract (metals) by heating
  • Smetana -  Czech composer (1824-1884)
  • Smoking -  emitting smoke in great volume;  the act of smoking tobacco or other substances; a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • soda -  a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring; a sodium salt of carbonic acid; used in making soap powders and glass and paper
  • soda pop -  a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring
  • Soda water -  effervescent beverage artificially charged with carbon dioxide; a sweet drink containing carbonated water and flavoring
  • soft -  not brilliant or glaring; willing to negotiate and compromise; out of condition; not strong or robust; incapable of exertion or endurance; yielding readily to pressure or weight; compassionate and kind; conciliatory; (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue raised toward the hard palate; characterized by a hissing or hushing sound (as `s' and `sh'); (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected; (of sound) relatively low in volume; not protected against attack (especially by nuclear weapons); using evidence not readily amenable to experimental verification or refutation; (of a commodity or market or currency) falling or likely to fall in value; mild and pleasant; not burdensome or demanding; borne or done easily and without hardship; having little impact; used chiefly as a direction or description in music; soft and mild; not harsh or stern or severe; tolerant or lenient; produced with vibration of the vocal cords; easily hurt; adv. in a relaxed manner; or without hardship
  • Soft wheat -  wheat with soft starch kernels used in pastry and breakfast cereals
  • Solanaceae -  large and economically important family of herbs or shrubs or trees often strongly scented and sometimes narcotic or poisonous; includes the genera Solanum, Atropa, Brugmansia, Capsicum, Datura, Hyoscyamus, Lycopersicon, Nicotiana, Petunia, Physalis, and Solandra
  • Solanum tuberosum -  annual native to South America having underground stolons bearing edible starchy tubers; widely cultivated as a garden vegetable; vines are poisonous
  • Sorbet -  an ice containing milk
  • sorrel -  of a light brownish color;  a horse of a brownish orange to light brown color; large sour-tasting arrowhead-shaped leaves used in salads and sauces; East Indian sparsely prickly annual herb or perennial subshrub widely cultivated for its fleshy calyxes used in tarts and jelly and for its bast fiber; any of certain coarse weedy plants with long taproots, sometimes used as table greens or in folk medicine; any plant or flower of the genus Oxalis
  • sour cream -  artificially soured light cream
  • Sour orange -  any of various common orange trees yielding sour or bitter fruit; used as grafting stock; highly acidic orange used especially in marmalade
  • Sourdough -  a settler or prospector (especially in western United States or northwest Canada and Alaska); a leaven of dough in which fermentation is active; used by pioneers for making bread
  • Soy -  most highly proteinaceous vegetable crop known; erect bushy hairy annual herb having trifoliate leaves and purple to pink flowers; extensively cultivated for food and forage and soil improvement but especially for its nutritious oil-rich seeds; native to Asia; a source of oil; used for forage and soil improvement and as food; thin sauce made of fermented soy beans
  • Soy flour -  meal made from soybeans
  • Soy sauce -  thin sauce made of fermented soy beans
  • Soybean milk -  a milk substitute containing soybean flour and water; used in some infant formulas and in making tofu
  • Soybean oil -  oil from soya beans
  • Sparkling water -  effervescent beverage artificially charged with carbon dioxide
  • Sparkling wine -  effervescent wine
  • spinach -  dark green leaves; eaten cooked or raw in salads; southwestern Asian plant widely cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves
  • Spinacia oleracea -  southwestern Asian plant widely cultivated for its succulent edible dark green leaves
  • Spring water -  water from a spring; underground water that is held in the soil and in pervious rocks
  • squash -  a game played in an enclosed court by two or four players who strike the ball with long-handled rackets; edible fruit of a squash plant; eaten as a vegetable; any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits; verb to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition
  • Star apple -  evergreen tree of West Indies and Central America having edible purple fruit star-shaped in cross section and dark green leaves with golden silky undersides
  • Starch -  a complex carbohydrate found chiefly in seeds, fruits, tubers, roots and stem pith of plants, notably in corn, potatoes, wheat, and rice; an important foodstuff and used otherwise especially in adhesives and as fillers and stiffeners for paper and textiles; verb stiffen with starch
  • Stout -  euphemisms for `fat'; dependable; having rugged physical strength; inured to fatigue or hardships;  a garment size for a large or heavy person; a strong very dark heavy-bodied ale made from pale malt and roasted unmalted barley and (often) caramel malt with hops
  • strawberry -  a soft red birthmark; sweet fleshy red fruit; any of various low perennial herbs with many runners and bearing white flowers followed by edible fruits having many small achenes scattered on the surface of an enlarged red pulpy berry
  • Strawberry tomato -  stout hairy annual of eastern North America with sweet yellow fruits; decorative American annual having round fleshy yellow berries enclosed in a bladderlike husk
  • striped bass -  marine food and game fish with dark longitudinal stripes; migrates upriver to spawn; sometimes placed in the genus Morone; caught along the Atlantic coast of the United States
  • Sucrose -  a complex carbohydrate found in many plants and used as a sweetening agent
  • sugar -  a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative; informal terms for money; an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain; verb sweeten with sugar
  • Sunchoke -  sunflower tuber eaten raw or boiled or sliced thin and fried as Saratoga chips
  • Sunflower oil -  oil from sunflower seeds
  • sunflower seed -  edible seed of sunflowers; used as food and poultry feed and as a source of oil
  • supper -  a light evening meal; served in early evening if dinner is at midday or served late in the evening at bedtime; a social gathering where a light evening meal is served
  • Sweet cherry -  any of several fruits of cultivated cherry trees that have sweet flesh; large Eurasian tree producing small dark bitter fruit in the wild but edible sweet fruit under cultivation
  • Sweet corn -  corn that can be eaten as a vegetable while still young and soft; a corn plant developed in order to have young ears that are sweet and suitable for eating
  • Sweet orange -  orange with sweet juicy pulp; often has a thin skin; probably native to southern China; widely cultivated as source of table and juice oranges
  • sweet potato -  the edible tuberous root of the sweet potato vine which is grown widely in warm regions of the United States; pantropical vine widely cultivated in several varieties for its large sweet tuberous root with orange flesh; egg-shaped terra cotta wind instrument with a mouthpiece and finger holes
  • Swiss cheese -  hard pale yellow cheese with many holes from Switzerland
  • swordfish -  large toothless marine food fish with a long swordlike upper jaw; not completely cold-blooded i.e. they are able to warm their brains and eyes: worldwide in warm waters but feed on cold ocean floor coming to surface at night; flesh of swordfish usually served as steaks
  • Table salt -  white crystalline form of especially sodium chloride used to season and preserve food
  • tamarind -  large tropical seed pod with very tangy pulp that is eaten fresh or cooked with rice and fish or preserved for curries and chutneys; long-lived tropical evergreen tree with a spreading crown and feathery evergreen foliage and fragrant flowers yielding hard yellowish wood and long pods with edible chocolate-colored acidic pulp
  • Tamarindus indica -  long-lived tropical evergreen tree with a spreading crown and feathery evergreen foliage and fragrant flowers yielding hard yellowish wood and long pods with edible chocolate-colored acidic pulp
  • tangerine -  of a strong reddish orange color;  a reddish to vivid orange color; any of various deep orange mandarins grown in the United States and southern Africa; a variety of mandarin orange
  • tap water -  water directly from the spigot
  • Tapioca -  granular preparation of cassava starch used to thicken especially puddings
  • taro -  tropical starchy tuberous root; herb of the Pacific islands grown throughout the tropics for its edible root and in temperate areas as an ornamental for its large glossy leaves; edible starchy tuberous root of taro plants
  • taro root -  tropical starchy tuberous root
  • tarragon -  fresh leaves (or leaves preserved in vinegar) used as seasoning; aromatic perennial of southeastern Russia
  • tea -  a light midafternoon meal of tea and sandwiches or cakes; dried leaves of the tea shrub; used to make tea; a beverage made by steeping tea leaves in water; a reception or party at which tea is served; a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India; source of tea leaves
  • Tea bag -  small paper bag holding a measure of tea; a measured amount of tea in a bag for an individual serving of tea
  • teenage -  being of the age 13 through 19
  • Temperature -  the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity); the somatic sensation of cold or heat
  • terminology -  a system of words used to name things in a particular discipline
  • Thiamin -  a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
  • thyme -  leaves can be used as seasoning for almost any meat and stews and stuffings and vegetables; any of various mints of the genus Thymus
  • Tofu -  cheeselike food made of curdled soybean milk
  • tolerable -  capable of being borne or endured; about average; acceptable
  • tomatillo -  small edible yellow to purple tomato-like fruit enclosed in a bladderlike husk; annual of Mexico and southern United States having edible purplish viscid fruit resembling small tomatoes; Mexican annual naturalized in eastern North America having yellow to purple edible fruit resembling small tomatoes
  • tomato -  mildly acid red or yellow pulpy fruit eaten as a vegetable; native to South America; widely cultivated in many varieties
  • Tonic water -  lime- or lemon-flavored carbonated water containing quinine
  • Tragopogon porrifolius -  Mediterranean biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long edible root; naturalized throughout United States
  • treatment -  care by procedures or applications that are intended to relieve illness or injury; the management of someone or something; a manner of dealing with something artistically; an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic
  • trout -  any of various game and food fishes of cool fresh waters mostly smaller than typical salmons; flesh of any of several primarily freshwater game and food fishes
  • tuna -  New Zealand eel; any very large marine food and game fish of the genus Thunnus; related to mackerel; chiefly of warm waters; important warm-water fatty fish of the genus Thunnus of the family Scombridae; usually served as steaks; tropical American prickly pear of Jamaica
  • turkey -  large gallinaceous bird with fan-shaped tail; widely domesticated for food; an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual; flesh of large domesticated fowl usually roasted; a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1923; a person who does something thoughtless or annoying
  • Turkish coffee -  drink made from pulverized coffee beans; usually sweetened
  • turmeric -  ground dried rhizome of the turmeric plant used as seasoning; widely cultivated tropical plant of India having yellow flowers and a large aromatic deep yellow rhizome; source of a condiment and a yellow dye
  • turnip -  root of any of several members of the mustard family; widely cultivated plant having a large fleshy edible white or yellow root
  • type -  a small metal block bearing a raised character on one end; produces a printed character when inked and pressed on paper; a subdivision of a particular kind of thing; all of the tokens of the same symbol; printed characters; (biology) the taxonomic group whose characteristics are used to define the next higher taxon; a person of a specified kind (usually with many eccentricities); verb identify as belonging to a certain type; write by means of a keyboard with types
  • Tyramine -  amino acid derived from tyrosine; has a sympathomimetic action; found in chocolate and cola drinks and ripe cheese and beer
  • Umbelliferae -  plants having flowers in umbels: parsley; carrot; anise; caraway; celery; dill
  • upper limit -  the limit on the upper (or northernmost) side of something; the largest possible quantity
  • usage -  accepted or habitual practice; the act of using
  • USDA -  the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862
  • Vaccinium macrocarpon -  trailing red-fruited plant
  • Vaccinium oxycoccus -  small red-fruited trailing cranberry of Arctic and cool regions of the northern hemisphere
  • vanilla -  plain and without any extras or adornments; flavored with vanilla extract;  a distinctive fragrant flavor characteristic of vanilla beans; a flavoring prepared from vanilla beans macerated in alcohol (or imitating vanilla beans); any of numerous climbing plants of the genus Vanilla having fleshy leaves and clusters of large waxy highly fragrant white or green or topaz flowers
  • Variety meat -  edible viscera of a butchered animal
  • veal -  meat from a calf
  • Vegetable oyster -  long white salsify; Mediterranean biennial herb with long-stemmed heads of purple ray flowers and milky sap and long edible root; naturalized throughout United States
  • Vinegar -  sour-tasting liquid produced usually by oxidation of the alcohol in wine or cider and used as a condiment or food preservative; dilute acetic acid
  • Vitaceae -  a family of vines belonging to order Rhamnales
  • Vitamin A -  any of several fat-soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • Vitamin B -  originally thought to be a single vitamin but now separated into several B vitamins
  • Vitamin C -  a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • Vitamin D -  a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • Vitamin E -  a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • Vitamin K -  a fat-soluble vitamin that helps in the clotting of blood
  • Vitis -  the type genus of the family Vitaceae; woody vines with simple leaves and small flowers; includes a wide variety of grapes
  • VLDL -  large lipoproteins rich in triglycerides; VLDLs circulate through the blood giving up their triglycerides to fat and muscle tissue until the VLDL remnants are modified and converted into LDL
  • Walking -  close enough to be walked to;  the act of traveling by foot
  • walnut -  nut of any of various walnut trees having a wrinkled two-lobed seed with a hard shell; any of various trees of the genus Juglans; hard dark-brown wood of any of various walnut trees; used especially for furniture and paneling
  • Walnut oil -  oil from walnuts
  • water -  a fluid necessary for the life of most animals and plants; binary compound that occurs at room temperature as a clear colorless odorless tasteless liquid; freezes into ice below 0 degrees centigrade and boils above 100 degrees centigrade; widely used as a solvent; once thought to be one of four elements composing the universe (Empedocles); a facility that provides a source of water; the part of the earth's surface covered with water (such as a river or lake or ocean); liquid excretory product; verb secrete or form water, as tears or saliva; supply with water, as with channels or ditches or streams; fill with tears; provide with water
  • water chestnut -  edible bulbous tuber of a Chinese marsh plant; Chinese sedge yielding edible bulb-shaped tubers; a plant of the genus Trapa bearing spiny four-pronged edible nutlike fruits
  • Watercress -  of a moderate yellow-green color that is greener and deeper than moss green and yellower and darker than pea green;  cresses that grow in clear ponds and streams; any of several water-loving cresses
  • Watermelon -  large oblong or roundish melon with a hard green rind and sweet watery red or occasionally yellowish pulp; an African melon
  • West Indian cherry -  acid red or yellow cherry-like fruit of a tropical American shrub very rich in vitamin C; tropical American shrub bearing edible acid red fruit resembling cherries
  • wheat -  grains of common wheat; sometimes cooked whole or cracked as cereal; usually ground into flour; annual or biennial grass having erect flower spikes and light brown grains
  • Wheat beer -  a general name for beers made from wheat by top fermentation; usually very pale and cloudy and effervescent
  • White currant -  garden currant bearing small white berries
  • White pepper -  pepper ground from husked peppercorns; climber having dark red berries (peppercorns) when fully ripe; southern India and Sri Lanka; naturalized in northern Burma and Assam
  • Whole milk -  milk from which no constituent (such as fat) has been removed
  • Whole wheat flour -  flour made by grinding the entire wheat berry including the bran; (`whole meal flour' is British usage)
  • wild rice -  grains of aquatic grass of North America; perennial aquatic grass of North America bearing grain used for food
  • wine -  a red as dark as red wine; fermented juice (of grapes especially); verb treat to wine; drink wine
  • Wine vinegar -  vinegar made from wine
  • yam -  edible tuberous root of various yam plants of the genus Dioscorea grown in the tropics world-wide for food; sweet potato with deep orange flesh that remains moist when baked; any of a number of tropical vines of the genus Dioscorea many having edible tuberous roots; edible tuber of any of several yams
  • Yam bean -  Central American twining plant with edible roots and pods; large tubers are eaten raw or cooked especially when young and young pods must be thoroughly cooked; pods and seeds also yield rotenone and oils; twining plant of Amazon basin having large edible roots
  • Yeast -  any of various single-celled fungi that reproduce asexually by budding or division; a commercial leavening agent containing yeast cells; used to raise the dough in making bread and for fermenting beer or whiskey
  • yogurt -  a custard-like food made from curdled milk
  • Yolk -  nutritive material of an ovum stored for the nutrition of an embryo (especially the yellow mass of a bird or reptile egg); the yellow spherical part of an egg that is surrounded by the albumen
  • Zea mays -  tall annual cereal grass bearing kernels on large ears: widely cultivated in America in many varieties; the principal cereal in Mexico and Central and South America since pre-Columbian times
  • Zinc -  a bluish-white lustrous metallic element; brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable when heated; used in a wide variety of alloys and in galvanizing iron; it occurs as zinc sulphide in zinc blende; verb coat or cover with zinc
  • Zingiber officinale -  tropical Asian plant widely cultivated for its pungent root; source of gingerroot and powdered ginger
  • Zingiberaceae -  a family of tropical monocotyledonous plants of order Musales
  • Ziziphus jujuba -  spiny tree having dark red edible fruits

Also see

References



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