Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy

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Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy
Other namesAZOOR

Acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR) is an inflammatory retinopathy in the category of white dot syndromes typified by acute loss of one or more zones of outer retinal function associated with photopsia, minimal funduscopic changes and abnormal electroretinography findings.[1][2]

This retinal disease was first described by Gass in 1992[3]. Relatively little is known about the condition.

Risk Factors

Caucasian females in their mid thirties appear to be most susceptible but the disease may affect anyone regardless of age, sex or race[3].


The disease mechanism is unknown but it is believed that it may be caused by a virus[3].


  1. Quillen DA, Davis JB, Gottlieb JL, Blodi BA, Callanan DG, Chang TS, et al. The white dot syndromes. American Journal of Ophthalmology. 2004;137(3):538-50.
  2. Carrasco L, Ramos M, Galisteo R, Pisa D, Fresno M, Gonzalez ME. Isolation of Candida famata from a Patient with Acute Zonal Occult Outer Retinopathy. J Clin Microbiol. 2005;43(2):635-40.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Hugo R. Salcedo, MD, Koushik Tripathy, MD (AIIMS), FRCS (Glasgow) and Vinay A. Shah M.D.

External links

External resources

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