Doctor of Medicine

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Doctor of Medicine (M.D.)

Doctor of Medicine (M.D.) is a professional graduate degree awarded for studies in medicine. Its holders are professionals who practice medicine. The term originates from the Latin: Medicinae Doctor.


Doctor of Medicine is pronounced as /ˈdɒktər ɒv ˈmɛdɪsɪn/.


The term "Doctor of Medicine" comes from the Latin word Medicinae Doctor. Medicinae is the genitive form of Medicina, meaning "medicine", and Doctor means "teacher". Thus, "Doctor of Medicine" literally means "Teacher of Medicine".

Related Terms

Education and Training

A Doctor of Medicine degree is typically earned after four years of undergraduate study followed by four years of medical school. After earning the M.D. degree, graduates typically enter a residency program in a specialized area of medicine.

Licensing and Practice

In most countries, individuals with an M.D. degree must pass a medical licensing examination before they are eligible to practice medicine. They may then work as a physician or surgeon, or in a related healthcare field.

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