Glossary

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A Glossary of Islamic Legal Terminology

A glossary, also known as a vocabulary or clavis, is an alphabetical list of terms in a particular domain of knowledge with the definitions for those terms. Traditionally, a glossary appears at the end of a book and includes terms within that book that are either newly introduced, uncommon, or specialized. While glossaries are most commonly associated with non-fiction books, in some cases, fiction novels may come with a glossary for unfamiliar terms.

A bilingual glossary is a list of terms in one language defined in a second language or glossed by synonyms (or at least near-synonyms) in another language.

In a general sense, a glossary contains explanations of concepts relevant to a certain field of study or action. In this sense, the term is related to the notion of ontology. Automatic methods have been also provided that transform a glossary into an ontology[1] or a computational lexicon.[2]

History

In medieval Europe, glossaries with equivalents for Latin words in vernacular or simpler Latin were in use, such as the Leiden Glossary (ca. 800 CE).

Core glossary

The Intelligence Law glossary provides a description of the key terms in intelligence law.

A core glossary is a simple glossary or defining dictionary that enables definition of other concepts, especially for newcomers to a language or field of study. It contains a small working vocabulary and definitions for important or frequently encountered concepts, usually including idioms or metaphors useful in a culture.

Automatic extraction of glossaries

Computational approaches to the automated extraction of glossaries from corpora[3] or the Web[4][5] have been developed in the recent years. These methods typically start from domain terminology and extract one or more glosses for each term of interest. Glosses can then be analyzed to extract hypernyms of the defined term and other lexical and semantic relations.

Glossary of common medical terms

  • abdomen -  the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis; the cavity containing the major viscera; in mammals it is separated from the thorax by the diaphragm
  • abdominal - of or relating to or near the abdomen;  the muscles of the abdomen
  • abducens - a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye
  • ablation - surgical removal of a body part or tissue; the erosive process that reduces the size of glaciers
  • abnormal - much greater than the normal; not normal; not typical or usual or regular or conforming to a norm; departing from the normal in e.g. intelligence and development
  • abnormalities
  • abnormally - in an abnormal manner
  • abortion - termination of pregnancy; failure of a plan
  • about - on the move;  in the area or vicinity; all around or on all sides; in or to a reversed position or direction; to or among many different places or in no particular direction; (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; in rotation or succession; (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
  • abrasions
  • abruptio
  • abruption - an instance of sudden interruption
  • abscess - symptom consisting of a localized collection of pus surrounded by inflamed tissue
  • abscesses
  • absence - failure to be present; the state of being absent; the time interval during which something or somebody is away; epilepsy characterized by paroxysmal attacks of brief clouding of consciousness (a possible other abnormalities)
  • absolute - perfect or complete or pure; not capable of being violated or infringed; complete and without restriction or qualification; sometimes used informally as intensifiers; without conditions or limitations; not limited by law; expressing finality with no implication of possible change;  something that is conceived to be absolute; something that does not depends on anything else and is beyond human control
  • abuse - a rude expression intended to offend or hurt; cruel or inhumane treatment; improper or excessive use; verb use wrongly or improperly or excessively; use foul or abusive language towards; change the inherent purpose or function of something; treat badly
  • abused - subjected to cruel treatment; used improperly or excessively especially drugs
  • acalculous
  • accelerated - caused to go more rapidly; speeded up, as of an academic course
  • acceptance - the act of taking something that is offered; (contract law) words signifying consent to the terms of an offer (thereby creating a contract); banking: a time draft drawn on and accepted by a bank; the state of being acceptable and accepted; the act of accepting with approval; favorable reception; a disposition to tolerate or accept people or situations; the mental attitude that something is believable and should be accepted as true
  • accreta
  • acetabular -  of the cup-shaped socket that receives the head of the thigh bone
  • acetaminophen - an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
  • achalasia
  • achilles - a mythical Greek hero of the Iliad; a foremost Greek warrior at the siege of Troy; when he was a baby his mother tried to make him immortal by bathing him in a magical river but the heel by which she held him remained vulnerable--his `Achilles' heel'
  • acid - having the characteristics of an acid; harsh or corrosive in tone; being sour to the taste;  street name for lysergic acid diethylamide; any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
  • acidity - pH values below 7; the taste experience when something acidic is taken into the mouth; the property of being acidic
  • acidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • acinetobacter
  • acne - an inflammatory disease involving the sebaceous glands of the skin; characterized by papules or pustules or comedones
  • acoustic - of or relating to the science of acoustics;  a remedy for hearing loss or deafness
  • acquired - gotten through environmental forces
  • acquiring - the act of acquiring something
  • acquisita
  • acrocyanosis - cyanosis of the extremities; can occur when a spasm of the blood vessels is caused by exposure to cold or by strong emotion
  • acromegaly - enlargement of bones of hands and feet and face; often accompanied by headache and muscle pain and emotional disturbances; caused by overproduction of growth hormone by the anterior pituitary gland (due to a tumor)
  • acromioclavicular
  • actinomycosis - disease of cattle that can be transmitted to humans; results from infection with actinomycetes; characterized by hard swellings that exude pus through long sinuses
  • activated - set up and placed on active assignment; rendered active; e.g. rendered radioactive or luminescent or photosensitive or conductive; (of e.g. a molecule) made reactive or more reactive; (of sewage) treated with aeration and bacteria to aid decomposition
  • activation - making active and effective (as a bomb); stimulation of activity in an organism or chemical; the activity of causing to have energy and be active
  • activity - any specific behavior; (chemistry) the capacity of a substance to take part in a chemical reaction; the trait of being active; moving or acting rapidly and energetically; an organic process that takes place in the body; a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); the state of being active
  • acupuncture - treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
  • acute - having or experiencing a rapid onset and short but severe course; of critical importance and consequence; extremely sharp or intense; having or demonstrating ability to recognize or draw fine distinctions; of an angle; less than 90 degrees; ending in a sharp point;  a mark (') placed above a vowel to indicate pronunciation
  • adam - street names for methylenedioxymethamphetamine; (Old Testament) in Judeo-Christian mythology; the first man and the husband of Eve and the progenitor of the human race; Scottish architect who designed many public buildings in England and Scotland (1728-1792)
  • addison
  • additive - characterized or produced by addition; designating or involving an equation whose terms are of the first degree;  something added to enhance food or gasoline or paint or medicine
  • additives
  • adenoid - relating to or resembling lymphatic glands or lymphoid tissue;  a collection of lymphatic tissue in the throat behind the uvula (on the posterior wall and roof of the nasopharynx)
  • adenoids
  • adenoma - a benign epithelial tumor of glandular origin
  • adenomatous
  • adenomyosis - the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
  • adenosyl
  • adenovirus - any of a group of viruses including those that in humans cause upper respiratory infections or infectious pinkeye
  • adhd - a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  • adherence - faithful support for a religion or cause or political party; the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • adhesion - a fibrous band of scar tissue that binds together normally separate anatomical structures; abnormal union of bodily tissues; most common in the abdomen; faithful support for a religion or cause or political party; the property of sticking together (as of glue and wood) or the joining of surfaces of different composition
  • adjusted - altered to accommodate to certain requirements or bring into a proper relation; adjusted to demands of daily living; showing emotional stability; (especially of garments) having the fit or style adjusted; having achieved a comfortable relation with your environment
  • adjustment - the act of adjusting something to match a standard; making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances; the act of making something different (as e.g. the size of a garment); an amount added or deducted on the basis of qualifying circumstances; the process of adapting to something (such as environmental conditions)
  • administration - the act of administering medication; a method of tending to (especially business) matters; the persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a body for the purpose of administering something; the tenure of a president
  • admitted
  • adnexal - of or pertaining to adnexa
  • adolescent - in the state of development between puberty and maturity; displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity; being of the age 13 through 19; relating to or peculiar to or suggestive of an adolescent;  a juvenile between the onset of puberty and maturity
  • adolescents
  • adoption - the act of accepting with approval; favorable reception; a legal proceeding that creates a parent-child relation between persons not related by blood; the adopted child is entitled to all privileges belonging to a natural child of the adoptive parents (including the right to inherit); the appropriation (of ideas or words etc) from another source
  • adrenal - of or pertaining to the adrenal glands or their secretions; near the kidneys;  either of a pair of complex endocrine glands situated near the kidney
  • adtkd
  • adult - (of animals) fully developed;  any mature animal; a fully developed person from maturity onward
  • adults
  • adverse - in an opposing direction; contrary to your interests or welfare
  • affecting - arousing affect
  • african - of or relating to the nations of Africa or their peoples;  a native or inhabitant of Africa
  • after - located farther aft;  behind or in the rear; happening at a time subsequent to a reference time
  • against
  • agammaglobulinemia - a rare immunological disorder characterized by the virtual absence of gamma globulin in the blood and consequent susceptibility to infection
  • agents
  • aging - growing old;  the organic process of growing older and showing the effects of increasing age; acquiring desirable qualities by being left undisturbed for some time
  • agitation - the act of agitating something; causing it to move around (usually vigorously); disturbance usually in protest; the feeling of being agitated; not calm; a state of agitation or turbulent change or development; a mental state of extreme emotional disturbance
  • agnosia - inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
  • agoraphobia - a morbid fear of open spaces (as fear of being caught alone in some public place)
  • ahrf
  • aids - a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • aidsday
  • airflow - the flow of air
  • airway - a commercial enterprise that provides scheduled flights for passengers; a duct that provides ventilation (as in mines); the passages through which air enters and leaves the body; a designated route followed by airplanes in flying from one airport to another
  • airways
  • albinism - the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
  • albumin - a simple water-soluble protein found in many animal tissues and liquids
  • alcohol - a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent; any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • alcoholic - addicted to alcohol; characteristic of or containing alcohol;  a person who drinks alcohol to excess habitually
  • aldosteronism - a condition caused by overproduction of aldosterone
  • aldrich
  • algorithm - a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
  • alkalosis - abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
  • allergic - having an allergy or peculiar or excessive susceptibility (especially to a specific factor); characterized by or caused by allergy
  • allergies
  • allergy - hypersensitivity reaction to a particular allergen; symptoms can vary greatly in intensity
  • alligator - either of two amphibious reptiles related to crocodiles but with shorter broader snouts; leather made from alligator's hide; verb crack and acquire the appearance of alligator hide, as from weathering or improper application; of paint and varnishes
  • alone - radically distinctive and without equal; exclusive of anyone or anything else; isolated from others; lacking companions or companionship;  without anybody else; without any others being included or involved
  • alopecia - loss of hair (especially on the head) or loss of wool or feathers; in humans it can result from heredity or hormonal imbalance or certain diseases or drugs and treatments (chemotherapy for cancer)
  • alpha - early testing stage of a software or hardware product; first in order of importance;  the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet; the beginning of a series or sequence
  • alte
  • alternative - necessitating a choice between mutually exclusive possibilities; pertaining to unconventional choices; allowing a choice;  one of a number of things from which only one can be chosen
  • altitude - elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface; the perpendicular distance from the base of a geometric figure to opposite vertex (or side if parallel); angular distance above the horizon (especially of a celestial object)
  • alveolar - pertaining to the tiny air sacs of the lungs; pertaining to the alveolar ridge;  a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • alzheimer
  • amblyopia - visual impairment without apparent organic pathology
  • ambulation - walking about
  • ambulatory - relating to or adapted for walking; able to walk about;  a covered walkway (as in a cloister)
  • amebas
  • amebiasis - infection by a disease-causing ameba
  • amebic - pertaining to or resembling amoebae
  • amenorrhea - absence or suppression of normal menstrual flow
  • american - of or relating to or characteristic of the continents and islands of the Americas; of or relating to the United States of America or its people or language or culture;  a native or inhabitant of a North American or Central American or South American country; a native or inhabitant of the United States; the English language as used in the United States
  • amino - pertaining to or containing any of a group of organic compounds of nitrogen derived from ammonia;  the radical -NH2
  • aminoglycosides
  • amnesia - partial or total loss of memory
  • amnesias
  • amniotic - of or related to the amnion or characterized by developing an amnion
  • amphetamines
  • amputation - a surgical removal of all or part of a limb; a condition of disability resulting from the loss of one or more limbs
  • amyloidosis - a disorder characterized by deposit of amyloid in organs or tissues; often secondary to chronic rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis or multiple myeloma
  • amyotrophic
  • anabolic - characterized by or promoting constructive metabolism; of or related to the synthetic phase of metabolism
  • anaerobic - living or active in the absence of free oxygen; not aerobic
  • anal - a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated on the anal region; fixation at this stage is said to result in orderliness, meanness, stubbornness, compulsiveness, etc.; of or related to the anus
  • analgesic - capable of relieving pain;  a medicine used to relieve pain
  • analyses
  • anaphylactic - related to the hypersensitivity known as anaphylaxis
  • anaphylaxis - hypersensitivity reaction to the ingestion or injection of a substance (a protein or drug) resulting from prior contact with a substance
  • anaplasmosis - a disease of cattle that is transmitted by cattle ticks; similar to Texas fever
  • anatomic - of or relating to the structure of the body; of or relating to the branch of morphology that studies the structure of organisms
  • anatomical - of or relating to the structure of the body; of or relating to the branch of morphology that studies the structure of organisms;  an expression that relates to anatomy
  • anatomy - a detailed analysis; the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • androgen - male sex hormone that is produced in the testes and responsible for typical male sexual characteristics
  • anemia - genus of terrestrial or lithophytic ferns having pinnatifid fronds; chiefly of tropical America; a deficiency of red blood cells; a lack of vitality
  • anemias
  • anemones
  • anencephaly - a defect in brain development resulting in small or missing brain hemispheres
  • aneurysm - a cardiovascular disease characterized by a saclike widening of an artery resulting from weakening of the artery wall
  • aneurysms
  • angina - any disease of the throat or fauces marked by spasmodic attacks of intense suffocative pain; a heart condition marked by paroxysms of chest pain due to reduced oxygen to the heart
  • angioedema
  • angiofibromas
  • angiography - roentgenographic examination of blood vessels after injection of a radiopaque contrast medium; produces an angiogram
  • angiomas
  • angiomatosis
  • angiostrongyliasis
  • angle - a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Saxons and Jutes to become Anglo-Saxons; the space between two lines or planes that intersect; the inclination of one line to another; measured in degrees or radians; a biased way of looking at or presenting something; verb fish with a hook; move or proceed at an angle; present with a bias; seek indirectly; to incline or bend from a vertical position
  • angular -  having angles or an angular shape; measured by an angle or by the rate of change of an angle
  • animal - of the nature of or characteristic of or derived from an animal or animals; marked by the appetites and passions of the body;  a living organism characterized by voluntary movement
  • anion - a negatively charged ion
  • anisakiasis
  • anisocoria
  • ankle - a gliding joint between the distal ends of the tibia and fibula and the proximal end of the talus
  • ankylosing
  • ankylosis - abnormal adhesion and rigidity of the bones of a joint
  • annulare
  • anomalies
  • anomalous - deviating from the general or common order or type
  • anorectal - pertaining to the anus and rectum considered together
  • anorexia - a prolonged disorder of eating due to loss of appetite
  • anoscopy
  • anosmia - absence of the sense of smell (as by damage to olfactory nasal tissue or the olfactory nerve or by obstruction of the nasal passages)
  • another - any of various alternatives; some other
  • anterior -  earlier in time; of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body;  a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
  • anterior - earlier in time; of or near the head end or toward the front plane of the body;  a tooth situated at the front of the mouth
  • anthrax - a disease of humans that is not communicable; caused by infection with Bacillus anthracis followed by septicemia; a highly infectious animal disease (especially cattle and sheep); it can be transmitted to people
  • anti - not in favor of (an action or proposal etc.);  a person who is opposed (to an action or policy or practice etc.)
  • antianxiety
  • antibacterial - destroying bacteria or inhibiting their growth;  any drug that destroys bacteria or inhibits their growth
  • antibiotic - of or relating to antibiotic drugs;  a chemical substance derivable from a mold or bacterium that kills microorganisms and cures infections
  • antibiotics
  • antibodies
  • antibody - any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
  • anticholinergic - inhibiting or blocking the action of acetylcholine at a receptor site;  a substance that opposes or blocks the action of acetylcholine
  • anticoagulants
  • antidiuretic - a drug that limits the formation of urine
  • antifungal - capable of destroying fungi;  any agent that destroys or prevents the growth of fungi
  • antigen - any substance (as a toxin or enzyme) that stimulates an immune response in the body (especially the production of antibodies)
  • antigens
  • antiphospholipid
  • antipsychotic - tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • antiquark -  the antiparticle of a quark
  • antiretroviral
  • antisocial - hostile to or disruptive of normal standards of social behavior; shunning contact with others
  • antithrombin
  • antitrypsin
  • anug
  • anus - excretory opening at the end of the alimentary canal
  • anxiety - a vague unpleasant emotion that is experienced in anticipation of some (usually ill-defined) misfortune; a relatively permanent state of anxiety occurring in a variety of mental disorders
  • anxiolytics
  • aorta - the large trunk artery that carries blood from the left ventricle of the heart to branch arteries
  • aortic - of or relating to the aorta
  • aortitis - inflammation of the aorta
  • apha
  • aphasia - inability to use or understand language (spoken or written) because of a brain lesion
  • apheresis - a procedure in which blood is drawn and separated into its components by dialysis; some are retained and the rest are returned to the donor by transfusion; (linguistics) omission at the beginning of a word as in `coon' for `raccoon' or `till' for `until'
  • aphthous
  • apical -  situated at an apex
  • apical - situated at an apex
  • aplasia - failure of some tissue or organ to develop
  • aplastic
  • apnea - transient cessation of respiration
  • apparent - clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment; appearing as such but not necessarily so
  • appendicitis - inflammation of the vermiform appendix
  • appendicular -  relating to or consisting of an appendage or appendages; especially the limbs
  • appetite - a feeling of craving something
  • appliances
  • application - a diligent effort; the work of applying something; the act of bringing something to bear; using it for a particular purpose; a verbal or written request for assistance or employment or admission to a school; a program that gives a computer instructions that provide the user with tools to accomplish a task; liquid preparation having a soothing or antiseptic or medicinal action when applied to the skin
  • appropriate - suitable for a particular person or place or condition etc; suitable and fitting; meant or adapted for an occasion or use; being of striking appropriateness and pertinence; appropriate for achieving a particular end; implies a lack of concern for fairness; verb take possession of by force, as after an invasion; give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause
  • apraxia - inability to make purposeful movements
  • april - the month following March and preceding May
  • aqueous - produced by the action of water; similar to or containing or dissolved in water
  • araneus - a genus of orb-weaving spiders including common garden spiders and barn spiders
  • arbovirus - a large heterogeneous group of RNA viruses divisible into groups on the basis of the virions; they have been recovered from arthropods, bats, and rodents; most are borne by arthropods; they are linked by the epidemiologic concept of transmission between vertebrate hosts by arthropod vectors (mosquitoes, ticks, sandflies, midges, etc.) that feed on blood; they can cause mild fevers, hepatitis, hemorrhagic fever, and encephalitis
  • arboviruses
  • ards - acute lung injury characterized by coughing and rales; inflammation of the lungs which become stiff and fibrous and cannot exchange oxygen; occurs among persons exposed to irritants such as corrosive chemical vapors or ammonia or chlorine etc.
  • area - a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function; the extent of a 2-dimensional surface enclosed within a boundary; a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve; a subject of study; a particular geographical region of indefinite boundary (usually serving some special purpose or distinguished by its people or culture or geography); a particular environment or walk of life
  • areas
  • areata
  • arenaviridae - a family of arborviruses carried by arthropods
  • arenavirus - animal viruses belonging to the family Arenaviridae
  • arenaviruses
  • arfid
  • armd
  • arms - the official symbols of a family, state, etc.; weapons considered collectively
  • around - in circumference; by a circular or circuitous route; in a circle or circular motion; to a particular destination either specified or understood; (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct; in the area or vicinity; from beginning to end; throughout; all around or on all sides; in or to a reversed position or direction; to or among many different places or in no particular direction
  • arousal - the act of arousing; awakening from sleep; a state of heightened physiological activity; mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
  • arrangements
  • arrest - the state of inactivity following an interruption; the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal); verb hold back, as of a danger or an enemy; check the expansion or influence of; take into custody; attract and fix; cause to stop
  • arrhythmia - an abnormal rate of muscle contractions in the heart
  • arrhythmias
  • arter
  • arterial - of or involving or contained in the arteries
  • arteries
  • arteriolar - of or relating to or involving arterioles
  • arteriosclerosis - sclerosis of the arterial walls
  • arteriosus
  • arteriovenous - connecting an artery to a vein
  • arteritis - inflammation of an artery
  • artery - a major thoroughfare that bears important traffic; a blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
  • arthritides
  • arthritis - inflammation of a joint or joints
  • arthrocentesis - removal of fluid from a joint by centesis
  • arthrogryposis
  • arthropathy - a pathology or abnormality of a joint
  • arthroplasty - surgical reconstruction or replacement of a malformed or degenerated joint
  • arthropod - invertebrate having jointed limbs and a segmented body with an exoskeleton made of chitin
  • artificial -  artificially formal; contrived by art rather than nature; not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
  • artificial - artificially formal; contrived by art rather than nature; not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital processes
  • asbestos - a fibrous amphibole; used for making fireproof articles; inhaling fibers can cause asbestosis or lung cancer
  • asbestosis - lung disease caused by inhaling asbestos particles
  • ascariasis - infestation of the human intestine with Ascaris roundworms
  • ascending -  moving or going or growing upward;  the act of changing location in an upward direction
  • ascites - accumulation of serous fluid in peritoneal cavity
  • asian - denoting or characteristic of the biogeographic region including southern Asia and the Malay Archipelago as far as the Philippines and Borneo and Java; of or relating to or characteristic of Asia or the peoples of Asia or their languages or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Asia
  • asiatica
  • aspd
  • aspects
  • aspergillosis - disease especially in agricultural workers caused by inhalation of Aspergillus spores causing lumps in skin and ears and respiratory organs; an opportunistic infection by a fungus of the genus Aspergillus; characterized by inflammation and lesions of the ear and other organs; severe respiratory disease of birds that takes the form of an acute rapidly fatal pneumonia in young chickens and turkeys
  • asphyxiant
  • aspirate - a consonant proced with aspiration; verb suck in (air); proce with aspiration; of stop sounds; remove as if by suction
  • aspiration - a will to succeed; a manner of articulation involving an audible release of breath; the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing; a cherished desire
  • aspirin - the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • assess - verb estimate the value of (property) for taxation; charge (a person or a property) with a payment, such as a tax or a fine; place a value on; judge the worth of something; set or determine the amount of (a payment such as a fine)
  • assessment - the market value set on assets; an amount determined as payable; the act of judging or assessing a person or situation or event; the classification of someone or something with respect to its worth
  • assist - (sports) the act of enabling another player to make a good play; the activity of contributing to the fulfillment of a need or furtherance of an effort or purpose; verb act as an assistant in a subordinate or supportive function; work for or be a servant to; give help or assistance; be of service
  • assisted - having help; often used as a combining form
  • assistive - giving assistance
  • associated - related to or accompanying; joined in some kind of relationship (as a colleague or ally or companion etc.)
  • asthma - respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • astigmatism - (optics) defect in an optical system in which light rays from a single point fail to converge in a single focal point; (ophthalmology) impaired eyesight resulting usually from irregular conformation of the cornea
  • astrocytomas
  • asymptomatic - having no symptoms of illness or disease
  • ataxia - inability to coordinate voluntary muscle movements; unsteady movements and staggering gait
  • atelectasis - collapse of an expanded lung (especially in infants); also failure of pulmonary alveoli to expand at birth
  • atheroembolic
  • atheroembolism
  • atherosclerosis - a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls
  • athetosis - a continuous succession of slow, writhing, involuntary movements of the hands and feet and other body parts
  • athletes
  • atlantoaxial
  • atopic
  • atresia - an abnormal condition in which a normal opening or tube in the body (as the urethra) is closed or absent
  • atrial - of or relating to a cavity or chamber in the body (especially one of the upper chambers of the heart)
  • atrioventricular - relating to or affecting the atria and ventricles of the heart
  • atrophic - relating to or characterized by atrophy
  • atrophies
  • atrophy - any weakening or degeneration (especially through lack of use); a decrease in size of an organ caused by disease or disuse; verb undergo atrophy
  • attacks
  • attia
  • atypical - deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal; not representative of a group, class, or type
  • audio - the sound elements of television; an audible acoustic wave frequency; the audible part of a transmitted signal
  • audiogram - a graphical representation of a person's auditory sensitivity to sound
  • audit - a methodical examination or review of a condition or situation; an inspection of the accounting procedures and records by a trained accountant or CPA; verb attend academic courses without getting credit; examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification
  • auditory ossicle -  ossicles of the middle ear that transmit acoustic vibrations from the eardrum to the inner ear
  • aureus
  • auricular -  pertaining to an auricle of the heart; relating to or perceived by or shaped like the organ of hearing; of or relating to near the ear
  • auricular - pertaining to an auricle of the heart; relating to or perceived by or shaped like the organ of hearing; of or relating to near the ear
  • auscultation - listening to sounds within the body (usually with a stethoscope)
  • autism - (psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
  • autoerythrocyte
  • autoimmune - of or relating to the immune response of the body against substance normally present in the body
  • autoimmunity - production of antibodies against the tissues of your own body; produces autoimmune disease or hypersensitivity reactions
  • automated - operated by automation
  • autonomic - relating to or controlled by the autonomic nervous system
  • autosomal - of or relating to an autosome
  • avian - pertaining to or characteristic of birds
  • avms
  • avoidance - deliberately avoiding; keeping away from or preventing from happening
  • avoidant
  • avpd
  • avulsed
  • avulsion - a forcible tearing or surgical separation of one body part from another; an abrupt change in the course of a stream that forms the boundary between two parcels of land resulting in the loss of part of the land of one landowner and a consequent increase in the land of another
  • awareness - having knowledge of; state of elementary or undifferentiated consciousness
  • axis - the center around which something rotates; the 2nd cervical vertebra; serves as a pivot for turning the head; a straight line through a body or figure that satisfies certain conditions; in World War II the alliance of Germany and Italy in 1936 which later included Japan and other nations; the main stem or central part about which plant organs or plant parts such as branches are arranged; a group of countries in special alliance
  • axonal - of or relating to or resembling an axon
  • ayurveda - (Sanskrit) an ancient medical treatise summarizing the Hindu art of healing and prolonging life; sometimes regarded as a 5th Veda
  • aztreonam - an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects
  • babesiosis
  • baby - a project of personal concern to someone; a very young mammal; (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women; the youngest member of a group (not necessarily young); a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk; an immature childish person; verb treat with excessive indulgence
  • bacillary - formed like a bacillus; relating to or produced by or containing bacilli
  • bacilli
  • bacitracin - a polypeptide antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms; usually applied locally
  • backpack - a bag carried by a strap on your back or shoulder; verb hike with a backpack
  • backtoschoolnut
  • bacteremia - transient presence of bacteria (or other microorganisms) in the blood
  • bacteria - (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
  • bacterial - relating to or caused by bacteria
  • bacteriuria
  • baker - someone who bakes bread or cake; someone who bakes commercially
  • balanitis - inflammation of the head of the penis
  • balanoposthitis - inflammation of both the head of the penis and the foreskin
  • ballard
  • balloon - large tough nonrigid bag filled with gas or heated air; small thin inflatable rubber bag with narrow neck; verb become inflated; ride in a hot-air balloon
  • bancroftian
  • bandage - a piece of soft material that covers and protects an injured part of the body; verb dress by covering or binding; wrap around with something so as to cover or enclose
  • banding - an adornment consisting of a strip of a contrasting color or material; a stripe or stripes of contrasting color
  • barbae
  • barbers
  • bariatric
  • barotrauma
  • barr
  • barrier - a structure or object that impedes free movement; any condition that makes it difficult to make progress or to achieve an objective; anything serving to maintain separation by obstructing vision or access
  • barriers
  • bartholin - Danish physician who discovered Bartholin's gland (1585-1629)
  • bartholins
  • bartonella
  • bartons
  • bartter
  • basal - of primary importance; serving as or forming a base; especially of leaves; located at the base of a plant or stem; especially arising directly from the root or rootstock or a root-like stem
  • based - having a base of operations (often used as a combining form); having a base; having a basis; often used as combining terms; being derived from (often followed by `on' or `upon')
  • basement - the lowermost portion of a structure partly or wholly below ground level; often used for storage; the ground floor facade or interior in Renaissance architecture
  • basic - of or denoting or of the nature of or containing a base; serving as a base or starting point; pertaining to or constituting a base or basis; reduced to the simplest and most significant form possible without loss of generality;  (usually plural) a necessary commodity for which demand is constant; a popular programming language that is relatively easy to learn; an acronym for beginner's all-purpose symbolic instruction code; no longer in general use
  • basilar -  of or relating to or located at the base
  • basis - the fundamental assumptions from which something is begun or developed or calculated or explained; the most important or necessary part of something; a relation that provides the foundation for something
  • basophilic - staining readily with basic dyes
  • bayesian - of or relating to statistical methods based on Bayes' theorem
  • baylisascariasis
  • beats - a United States youth subculture of the 1950s; rejected possessions or regular work or traditional dress; for communal living and psychedelic drugs and anarchism; favored modern forms of jazz (e.g., bebop)
  • becker
  • bedbug - bug of temperate regions that infests especially beds and feeds on human blood
  • bedbugs
  • beef - cattle that are reared for their meat; meat from an adult domestic bovine; informal terms for objecting; verb complain
  • before - adv. earlier in time; previously; at or in the front
  • before - earlier in time; previously; at or in the front
  • behavior - manner of acting or controlling yourself; (psychology) the aggregate of the responses or reactions or movements made by an organism in any situation; the action or reaction of something (as a machine or substance) under specified circumstances; (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people
  • behavioral - of or relating to behavior
  • behcet
  • being - the state or fact of existing; a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
  • bejel
  • belly - the underpart of the body of certain vertebrates such as snakes or fish; a protruding abdomen; the hollow inside of something; a part that bulges deeply; the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis; verb swell out or bulge out
  • benefit - something that aids or promotes well-being; a performance to raise money for a charitable cause; financial assistance in time of need; verb be beneficial for; derive a benefit from
  • benefits
  • benign - pleasant and beneficial in nature or influence; kindness of disposition or manner; not dangerous to health; not recurrent or progressive (especially of a tumor)
  • bent - of metal e.g.; used especially of the head or upper back; fixed in your purpose; altered from an originally straight condition; used of the back and knees; stooped;  a special way of doing something; a relatively permanent inclination to react in a particular way; an area of grassland unbounded by fences or hedges; grass for pastures and lawns especially bowling and putting greens
  • beryllium - a light strong brittle grey toxic bivalent metallic element
  • beta - preliminary or testing stage of a software or hardware product; second in order of importance;  the 2nd letter of the Greek alphabet; beets
  • bewinterready
  • bezoars
  • bicep
  • bicuspid - having two cusps or points (especially a molar tooth);  a tooth having two cusps or points; located between the incisors and the molars
  • bifida
  • bignami
  • bile - a digestive juice secreted by the liver and stored in the gallbladder; aids in the digestion of fats
  • biliary - relating to the bile ducts or the gallbladder; relating to or containing bile
  • bimanual - requiring two hands or designed for two people
  • binge - an occasion for excessive eating or drinking; any act of immoderate indulgence; verb overeat or eat immodestly; make a pig of oneself
  • bioavailability
  • bioequivalence
  • biofeedback - a training program in which a person is given information about physiological processes (heart rate or blood pressure) that is not normally available with the goal of gaining conscious control of them
  • biologic - pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • biological - of parents and children; related by blood; pertaining to biology or to life and living things
  • biology - the science that studies living organisms; characteristic life processes and phenomena of living organisms; all the plant and animal life of a particular region
  • biometry - a branch of biology that studies biological phenomena and observations by means of statistical analysis
  • biopsy - examination of tissues or liquids from the living body to determine the existence or cause of a disease
  • biotin - a B vitamin that aids in body growth
  • bipolar - having two poles; of, pertaining to, or occurring in both polar regions; of or relating to manic depressive illness
  • bird - warm-blooded egg-laying vertebrates characterized by feathers and forelimbs modified as wings; the flesh of a bird or fowl (wild or domestic) used as food; badminton equipment consisting of a ball of cork or rubber with a crown of feathers; a cry or noise made to express displeasure or contempt; informal terms for a (young) woman; verb watch and study birds in their natural habitat
  • birth - the event of being born; the time when something begins (especially life); the process of giving birth; the kinship relation of an offspring to the parents; verb cause_to_be_born
  • birthmarks
  • births
  • bites
  • bladder - a bag that fills with air; a distensible membranous sac (usually containing liquid or gas)
  • blast - a very long fly ball; an explosion (as of dynamite); intense adverse criticism; a highly pleasurable or exciting experience; a sudden very loud noise; a strong current of air; verb use explosives on; make a strident sound; hit hard
  • blastomycosis - any of several infections of the skin or mucous membrane caused by Blastomyces
  • blausen
  • bleeding - flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels
  • blepharitis - inflammation of the eyelids characterized by redness and swelling and dried crusts
  • blepharospasm - spasm of the eyelid muscle resulting in closure of the eye
  • blindness - the state of being blind or lacking sight
  • blistering - very fast; capable of quick response and great speed; hot enough to raise (or as if to raise) blisters; marked by harshly abusive criticism; harsh or corrosive in tone;  the formation of vesicles
  • blockade - a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy; prevents access or progress; verb impose a blockade on; obstruct access to; render unsuitable for passage; hinder or prevent the progress or accomplishment of
  • blockage - the act of blocking; an obstruction in a pipe or tube; the state or condition of being obstructed
  • blockages
  • blocks
  • blood - temperament or disposition; the fluid (red in vertebrates) that is pumped by the heart; people viewed as members of a group; the descendants of one individual; a dissolute man in fashionable society; verb smear with blood, as in a hunting initiation rite, where the face of a person is smeared with the blood of the kill
  • bloodday
  • blunt - devoid of any qualifications or disguise or adornment; characterized by directness in manner or speech; without subtlety or evasion; used of a knife or other blade; not sharp; having a broad or rounded end; verb make less sharp; make less intense; make less lively, intense, or vigorous; impair in vigor, force, activity, or sensation; make dull or blunt; make numb or insensitive
  • blurred - unclear in form or expression; indistinct or hazy in outline
  • blurry - indistinct or hazy in outline
  • bodies
  • bois
  • bone - consisting of or made up of bone;  a shade of white the color of bleached bones; rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates; the porous calcified substance from which bones are made; verb remove the bones from; study intensively, as before an exam
  • bones - a percussion instrument consisting of a pair of hollow pieces of wood or bone (usually held between the thumb and fingers) that are made to click together (as by Spanish dancers) in rhythm with the dance
  • borderline - of questionable or minimal quality;  a line that indicates a boundary
  • botulism - food poisoning from ingesting botulin; not infectious; affects the CNS; can be fatal if not treated promptly
  • bouton
  • boutonni
  • boutonniere - a flower that is worn in a buttonhole
  • bowel - the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • bowen
  • bowlegs
  • boys
  • brachial - of or relating to an arm
  • brain - that part of the central nervous system that includes all the higher nervous centers; enclosed within the skull; continuous with the spinal cord; mental ability; the brain of certain animals used as meat; that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; someone who has exceptional intellectual ability and originality; verb kill by smashing someone's skull; hit on the head
  • branch - an administrative division of some larger or more complex organization; a stream or river connected to a larger one; a division of a stem, or secondary stem arising from the main stem of a plant; a part of a forked or branching shape; any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm; a natural consequence of development; verb divide into two or more branches so as to form a fork; grow and send out branches or branch-like structures
  • branched - having branches; resembling a fork; divided or separated into two branches
  • branches
  • brand - a recognizable kind; identification mark on skin, made by burning; a piece of wood that has been burned or is burning; a cutting or thrusting weapon that has a long metal blade and a hilt with a hand guard; a symbol of disgrace or infamy; a name given to a product or service; verb burn with a branding iron to indicate ownership; of animals; mark or expose as infamous; to accuse or condemn or openly or formally or brand as disgraceful
  • brauni
  • breaks
  • breast -  the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen; either of two soft fleshy milk-secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman; meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit; meet at breast level; confront bodily
  • breast - the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen; either of two soft fleshy milk-secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman; meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit; meet at breast level; confront bodily
  • breastcancer
  • breastfeed - verb give suck to
  • breastfeeding
  • breath - the process of taking in and expelling air during breathing; a slight movement of the air; the air that is inhaled and exhaled in respiration; a short respite; an indirect suggestion
  • breathing - passing or able to pass air in and out of the lungs normally; sometimes used in combination;  the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation
  • bridges - United States labor leader who organized the longshoremen (1901-1990)
  • brief - concise and succinct; of short duration or distance; (of clothing) very short;  a condensed written summary or abstract; a document stating the facts and points of law of a client's case; verb give essential information to someone
  • broad - showing or characterized by broad-mindedness; lacking subtlety; obvious; not detailed or specific; being at a peak or culminating point; (of speech) heavily and noticeably regional; very large in expanse or scope; broad in scope or content; having great (or a certain) extent from one side to the other;  slang term for a woman
  • bromhidrosis
  • bronchial - relating to or associated with the bronchi
  • bronchiectasis
  • bronchiolitis - inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchioles
  • bronchitis - inflammation of the membranes lining the bronchial tubes
  • bronchopulmonary
  • bronchoscopy
  • brucellosis - infectious bacterial disease of human beings transmitted by contact with infected animals or infected meat or milk products; characterized by fever and headache; an infectious disease of domestic animals often resulting in spontaneous abortion; transmittable to human beings
  • brue
  • brugada
  • brugian
  • bruising - brutally forceful and compelling; causing mental or emotional injury
  • bruxism - involuntarily or unconsciously clenching or grinding the teeth, typically during sleep
  • buccal -  toward the inside of the cheek; lying within the mouth; of or relating to or toward the cheek
  • budd
  • building - a structure that has a roof and walls and stands more or less permanently in one place; the occupants of a building; the act of constructing something; the commercial activity involved in repairing old structures or constructing new ones
  • bulging - curving or bulging outward; curving outward
  • bulimia - pathologically insatiable hunger (especially when caused by brain lesions); a disorder of eating seen among young women who go on eating binges and then feel guilt and depression and self-condemnation
  • bullosa
  • bullous
  • bullying - noisily domineering; tending to browbeat others;  the act of intimidating a weaker person to make them do something
  • bumps
  • bundle - a package of several things tied together for carrying or storing; a collection of things wrapped or boxed together; a large sum of money (especially as pay or profit); verb sleep fully clothed in the same bed with one's betrothed; make into a bundle; compress into a wad; gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • bunion - a painful swelling of the bursa of the first joint of the big toe
  • burkitt
  • burns - celebrated Scottish poet (1759-1796); United States comedian and film actor (1896-1996)
  • bursa - a small fluid-filled sac located between movable parts of the body especially at joints; a city in northwestern Turkey
  • bursae
  • bursal - relating to or affecting a bursa
  • bursitis - inflammation of a bursa; frequently in the shoulder
  • bursts
  • buzzing - noisy like the sound of a bee
  • bypass - a road that takes traffic around the edge of a town; a surgically created shunt (usually around a damaged part); a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current; verb avoid something unpleasant or laborious
  • bypassing
  • byssinosis
  • cabg - open-heart surgery in which the rib cage is opened and a section of a blood vessel is grafted from the aorta to the coronary artery to bypass the blocked section of the coronary artery and improve the blood supply to the heart
  • cachexia - any general reduction in vitality and strength of body and mind resulting from a debilitating chronic disease
  • calcaneal - relating to the heel bone or heel
  • calcaneus - the largest tarsal bone; forms the human heel
  • calcification - a process that impregnates something with calcium (or calcium salts); an inflexible and unchanging state; tissue hardened by deposition of lime salts
  • calcium - a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • calciums
  • calculation - the procedure of calculating; determining something by mathematical or logical methods; planning something carefully and intentionally; problem solving that involves numbers or quantities
  • calculator - a small machine that is used for mathematical calculations; an expert at calculation (or at operating calculating machines)
  • calculi
  • calluses
  • calories
  • calv
  • campus - a field on which the buildings of a university are situated
  • campylobacter
  • canal - long and narrow strip of water made for boats or for irrigation; (astronomy) an indistinct surface feature of Mars once thought to be a system of channels; they are now believed to be an optical illusion; a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance; verb provide (a city) with a canal
  • canaliculitis
  • cancer - type genus of the family Cancridae; the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22; a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer; any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • cancerous - like a cancer; an evil that grows and spreads; relating to or affected with cancer
  • cancers
  • candidal
  • candidiasis - an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans)
  • cane - a stiff switch used to hit students as punishment; a stick that people can lean on to help them walk; a strong slender often flexible stem as of bamboos, reeds, rattans, or sugar cane; verb beat with a cane
  • canine - of or relating to or characteristic of members of the family Canidae; of or relating to a pointed conical tooth;  any of various fissiped mammals with nonretractile claws and typically long muzzles; one of the four pointed conical teeth (two in each jaw) located between the incisors and the premolars
  • caninum
  • cannabinoids
  • cannabis - the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect; any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • cannula - a small flexible tube inserted into a body cavity for draining off fluid or introducing medication
  • cannulation - the insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ
  • cant - insincere talk about religion or morals; two surfaces meeting at an angle different from 90 degrees; stock phrases that have become nonsense through endless repetition; a characteristic language of a particular group (as among thieves); a slope in the turn of a road or track; the outside is higher than the inside in order to reduce the effects of centrifugal force; verb heel over
  • canthotomy
  • capillary - long and slender with a very small internal diameter; of or relating to hair;  a tube of small internal diameter; holds liquid by capillary action; any of the minute blood vessels connecting arterioles with venules
  • capitis
  • captain - a dining-room attendant who is in charge of the waiters and the seating of customers; the pilot in charge of an airship; the naval officer in command of a military ship; a policeman in charge of a precinct; an officer holding a rank below a major but above a lieutenant; the leader of a group of people; an officer who is licensed to command a merchant ship; verb be the captain of a sports team
  • carbamate - a salt (or ester) of carbamic acid
  • carbapenems
  • carbohydrate - an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain
  • carbohydrates
  • carbon - a copy made with carbon paper; an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper
  • carbuncles
  • carcinoid - a small tumor (benign or malignant) arising from the mucosa of the gastrointestinal tract; usually associated with excessive secretion of serotonin
  • carcinoma - any malignant tumor derived from epithelial tissue; one of the four major types of cancer
  • cardiac - of or relating to the heart
  • cardiomyopathies
  • cardiomyopathy - a disorder (usually of unknown origin) of the heart muscle (myocardium)
  • cardiopulmonary - of or pertaining to or affecting both the heart and the lungs and their functions
  • cardiovascular - of or pertaining to or involving the heart and blood vessels
  • cardioversion
  • cardioverter
  • care - activity involved in maintaining something in good working order; the work of providing treatment for or attending to someone or something; attention and management implying responsibility for safety; a cause for feeling concern; judiciousness in avoiding harm or danger; an anxious feeling; verb feel concern or interest; provide care for; be concerned with; prefer or wish to do something; be in charge of, act on, or dispose of
  • caregiver - a person who is responsible for attending to the needs of a child or dependent adult; a person who helps in identifying or preventing or treating illness or disability
  • caregiving
  • caries - soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth
  • caring - feeling and exhibiting concern and empathy for others; showing a care; having or displaying warmth or affection;  a loving feeling
  • carnitine
  • carpal - of or relating to the wrist;  any of the eight small bones of the wrist of primates
  • carpus -  a joint between the distal end of the radius and the proximal row of carpal bones
  • casualty - a decrease of military personnel or equipment; someone injured or killed in an accident; someone injured or killed or captured or missing in a military engagement; an accident that causes someone to die
  • catabolism - breakdown in living organisms of more complex substances into simpler ones together with release of energy
  • cataract - a large waterfall; violent rush of water over a precipice; clouding of the natural lens of the eye
  • cataracts
  • catarrhalis
  • categories
  • caterpillar - a wormlike and often brightly colored and hairy or spiny larva of a butterfly or moth; a large tracked vehicle that is propelled by two endless metal belts; frequently used for moving earth in construction and farm work
  • catheter - a thin flexible tube inserted into the body to permit introduction or withdrawal of fluids or to keep the passageway open
  • catheterization - the operation of introducing a catheter into the body
  • catheterize - verb insert a catheter into (a body part)
  • cathinones
  • cauda - any taillike structure
  • caused
  • causes
  • causing - the act of causing something to happen
  • caustic - of a substance, especially a strong acid; capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action; harsh or corrosive in tone;  any chemical substance that burns or destroys living tissue
  • cautery - the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing; an instrument or substance used to destroy tissue for medical reasons (eg removal of a wart) by burning it with a hot iron or an electric current or a caustic or by freezing it
  • cavernous -  being or suggesting a cavern; filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood
  • cavernous - being or suggesting a cavern; filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood
  • cavities
  • cavity - (anatomy) a natural hollow or sinus within the body; soft decayed area in a tooth; progressive decay can lead to the death of a tooth; space that is surrounded by something; a sizeable hole (usually in the ground)
  • cdai
  • celiac - belonging to or prescribed for celiac disease; of or in or belonging to the cavity of the abdomen
  • cells
  • cellular - characterized by or divided into or containing cells or compartments (the smallest organizational or structural unit of an organism or organization); relating to cells
  • cellulitis - an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
  • centipede - chiefly nocturnal predacious arthropod having a flattened body of 15 to 173 segments each with a pair of legs the foremost being modified into poison fangs
  • central - in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area; centrally located and easy to reach; used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place; serving as an essential component;  a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • cephalosporins
  • cerebellar -  relating to or associated with the cerebellum
  • cerebellar - relating to or associated with the cerebellum
  • cerebral -  involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • cerebral - involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct; of or relating to the cerebrum or brain
  • cerebrovascular - of or relating to the brain and the blood vessels that supply it
  • cerumen - a soft yellow wax secreted by glands in the ear canal
  • cervical -  relating to or associated with the neck; of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
  • cervical - relating to or associated with the neck; of or relating to the cervix of the uterus
  • cervicitis - inflammation of the uterine cervix
  • cervix - necklike opening to the uterus; the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body
  • cesarean - relating to abdominal delivery;  the delivery of a fetus by surgical incision through the abdominal wall and uterus (from the belief that Julius Caesar was born that way)
  • cessation - a stopping
  • cestodes
  • chagas
  • chalazion - a small sebaceous cyst of the eyelid resulting when a Meibomian gland is blocked
  • chamomile - Eurasian plant apple-scented foliage and white-rayed flowers and feathery leaves used medicinally; in some classification systems placed in genus Anthemis
  • chancroid - infectious venereal ulcer
  • changes
  • channelopathies
  • chapters
  • charcot - French neurologist who tried to use hypnotism to cure hysteria (1825-1893)
  • chart - a map designed to assist navigation by air or sea; a visual display of information; verb plan in detail; make a chart of; represent by means of a graph
  • chat - an informal conversation; songbirds having a chattering call; birds having a chattering call; verb talk socially without exchanging too much information
  • cheilitis - inflammation and cracking of the skin of the lips
  • chelation - the process of forming a ring by forming one or more hydrogen bonds; (medicine) the process of removing a heavy metal from the bloodstream by means of a chelate as in treating lead or mercury poisoning
  • chemical - relating to or used in chemistry; of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes;  produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules
  • chemotherapy - the use of chemical agents to treat or control disease (or mental illness)
  • chest -  box with a lid; used for storage; usually large and sturdy; furniture with drawers for keeping clothes; the part of the human torso between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates
  • chest - box with a lid; used for storage; usually large and sturdy; furniture with drawers for keeping clothes; the part of the human torso between the neck and the diaphragm or the corresponding part in other vertebrates
  • chiari
  • chickenpox - an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
  • child - a young person of either sex; a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age; an immature childish person; a member of a clan or tribe
  • childbirth - the parturition process in human beings; having a baby; the process of giving birth to a child
  • childhood -  the state of a child between infancy and adolescence; the time of person's life when they are a child
  • childhood - the state of a child between infancy and adolescence; the time of person's life when they are a child
  • children
  • chin - the protruding part of the lower jaw; Kamarupan languages spoken in western Burma and Bangladesh and easternmost India; verb raise oneself while hanging from one's hands until one's chin is level with the support bar
  • chinese - of or pertaining to China or its peoples or cultures; of or relating to or characteristic of the island republic on Taiwan or its residents or their language;  any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system; a native or inhabitant of Communist China or of Nationalist China
  • chiropractic - a method of treatment that manipulates body structures (especially the spine) to relieve low back pain or even headache or high blood pressure
  • chlamydia - coccoid rickettsia infesting birds and mammals; cause infections of eyes and lungs and genitourinary tract; a sexually transmitted infection caused by bacteria of the genus Chlamydia
  • chlamydial - of or pertaining to the sexually transmitted infection or to the parasite
  • chloramphenicol - an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
  • chlorpromazine -  a drug (trade name Thorazine) derived from phenothiazine that has antipsychotic effects and is used as a sedative and tranquilizer
  • choices
  • choking - the act of suffocating (someone) by constricting the windpipe; a condition caused by blocking the airways to the lungs (as with food or swelling of the larynx)
  • cholangiopathy
  • cholangitis - inflammation of the bile ducts
  • cholecystitis - inflammation of the gall bladder
  • choledocholithiasis
  • cholelithiasis - the presence of gallstones in the gallbladder
  • cholera - an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  • cholestasis - a condition in which little or no bile is secreted or the flow of bile into the digestive tract is obstructed
  • cholesterol - an animal sterol that is normally synthesized by the liver; the most abundant steroid in animal tissues
  • cholesteryl
  • chondroitin
  • chondromalacia
  • choosing
  • chorea - any of several degenerative nervous disorders characterized by spasmodic movements of the body and limbs; chorea in dogs
  • choriomeningitis - a cerebral meningitis with cellular infiltration of the meninges
  • christmas - a Christian holiday celebrating the birth of Christ; a quarter day in England, Wales, and Ireland; period extending from Dec. 24 to Jan. 6; verb spend Christmas
  • chromium - a hard brittle multivalent metallic element; resistant to corrosion and tarnishing
  • chromoblastomycosis - a fungal infection characterized by itchy warty nodules on the skin
  • chromosomal - of or relating to a chromosome
  • chromosome - a threadlike body in the cell nucleus that carries the genes in a linear order
  • chromosomes
  • chronic - being long-lasting and recurrent or characterized by long suffering
  • chronicus
  • cidp
  • ciliary -  of or relating to the human eyelash; of or relating to cilia projecting from the surface of a cell; relating to the ciliary body and associated structures of the eye
  • circadian - of or relating to biological processes occurring at 24-hour intervals
  • circulating - passing from one to another
  • circumference - the size of something as given by the distance around it; the length of the closed curve of a circle; the boundary line encompassing an area or object
  • circumflex scapular artery -  an artery that serves the muscles of the shoulder and scapular area
  • cirrhosis - a chronic disease interfering with the normal functioning of the liver; the major cause is chronic alcoholism
  • ciwa
  • class - elegance in dress or behavior; people having the same social or economic status; a collection of things sharing a common attribute; (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders; a body of students who are taught together; a body of students who graduate together; a league ranked by quality; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings; verb arrange or order by classes or categories
  • classic - characteristic of the classical artistic and literary traditions; adhering to established standards and principles;  a creation of the highest excellence; an artist who has created classic works
  • classical music -  traditional genre of music conforming to an established form and appealing to critical interest and developed musical taste
  • classification - restriction imposed by the government on documents or weapons that are available only to certain authorized people; the basic cognitive process of arranging into classes or categories; a group of people or things arranged by class or category; the act of distributing things into classes or categories of the same type
  • clavicle - bone linking the scapula and sternum
  • clavicular
  • clearance - permission to proceed; the distance by which one thing clears another; the space between them; vertical space available to allow easy passage under something
  • clearing - the act of removing solid particles from a liquid; the act of freeing from suspicion; a tract of land with few or no trees in the middle of a wooded area
  • cleavage - the act of cleaving or splitting; the line formed by a groove between two parts (especially the separation between a woman's breasts); (embryology) the repeated division of a fertilised ovum; the breaking of a chemical bond in a molecule resulting in smaller molecules; the state of being split or cleft
  • cleft - having one or more incisions reaching nearly to the midrib; used of hooves;  a split or indentation in something (as the palate or chin); a long narrow opening
  • clindamycin
  • clinical - scientifically detached; unemotional; relating to a clinic or conducted in or as if in a clinic and depending on direct observation of patients
  • clinicalcalculator
  • clock - a timepiece that shows the time of day; verb measure the time or duration of an event or action or the person who performs an action in a certain period of time
  • clogs
  • clonorchiasis
  • clostridial
  • clostridioides
  • clostridium - spindle-shaped bacterial cell especially one swollen at the center by an endospore
  • clots
  • clotting - the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • clubbing - a condition in which the ends of toes and fingers become wide and thick; a symptom of heart or lung disease
  • clubfoot - congenital deformity of the foot usually marked by a curled shape or twisted position of the ankle and heel and toes
  • cluster - a grouping of a number of similar things; verb come together as in a cluster or flock; gather or cause to gather into a cluster
  • cnidaria - hydras; polyps; jellyfishes; sea anemones; corals
  • coagulation - the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • coal - fossil fuel consisting of carbonized vegetable matter deposited in the Carboniferous period; a hot fragment of wood or coal that is left from a fire and is glowing or smoldering; verb take in coal; supply with coal; burn to charcoal
  • coarctation - (biology) a narrowing or constriction of a vessel or canal; especially a congenital narrowing of the aorta; tight or narrow compression
  • cobb
  • cobin
  • cocaine - a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • cocci - any spherical or nearly spherical bacteria
  • coccidioidomycosis - an infection of the lungs and skin characterized by excessive sputum and nodules
  • coccobacilli
  • cockcroft - British physicist who (with Ernest Walton in 1931) first split an atom (1897-1967)
  • codman
  • coein
  • coelenterates
  • coenurosis
  • coenzyme - a small molecule (not a protein but sometimes a vitamin) essential for the activity of some enzymes
  • cogan
  • cognitive - of or being or relating to or involving cognition
  • cohosh - a plant of the genus Actaea having acrid poisonous berries
  • coli
  • colic -  acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
  • colic - acute abdominal pain (especially in infants)
  • colistin
  • colitis - inflammation of the colon
  • collar - a figurative restraint; a band that fits around the neck and is usually folded over; a band of leather or rope that is placed around an animal's neck as a harness or to identify it; the stitching that forms the rim of a shoe or boot; the act of apprehending (especially apprehending a criminal); necklace that fits tightly around a woman's neck; verb take into custody; furnish with a collar; seize by the neck or collar
  • collarbone - bone linking the scapula and sternum
  • collateral - descended from a common ancestor but through different lines; situated or running side by side; accompany, concomitant; serving to support or corroborate;  a security pledged for the repayment of a loan
  • collecting - the act of gathering something together
  • collection - the act of gathering something together; a publication containing a variety of works; several things grouped together or considered as a whole; request for a sum of money
  • college - a complex of buildings in which an institution of higher education is housed; British slang for prison; the body of faculty and students of a college; an institution of higher education created to educate and grant degrees; often a part of a university
  • coloncancer
  • colonic - of or relating to the colon;  a water enema given to flush out the colon
  • colorectal - relating to or affecting the colon and the rectum
  • colostomy - a surgical operation that creates an opening from the colon to the surface of the body to function as an anus
  • colposcopy
  • coma - a state of deep and often prolonged unconsciousness; usually the result of disease or injury; (astronomy) the luminous cloud of particles surrounding the frozen nucleus of a comet; forms as the comet approaches the sun and is warmed; a usually terminal tuft of hairs especially on a seed
  • combined - made or joined or united into one; involving the joint activity of two or more
  • combitube
  • common carotid -  runs upward in the neck and divides into the external and internal carotid arteries
  • commonly - under normal conditions
  • communication - something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups; the activity of communicating; the activity of conveying information; a connection allowing access between persons or places
  • communities
  • community - (ecology) a group of interdependent organisms inhabiting the same region and interacting with each other; a group of people living in a particular local area; a group of people having ethnic or cultural or religious characteristics in common; a group of nations having common interests; common ownership; agreement as to goals; the body of people in a learned occupation; a district where people live; occupied primarily by private residences
  • comp - an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge
  • comparison - examining resemblances or differences; qualities that are comparable; relation based on similarities and differences
  • compartment - a partitioned section or separate room within a larger enclosed area; a small space or subdivision for storage
  • compartments
  • competence - the quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually
  • complaints
  • complement - something added to complete or make perfect; either of two parts that mutually complete each other; a word or phrase used to complete a grammatical construction; number needed to make up a whole force; a complete number or quantity; one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response; verb make complete or perfect; supply what is wanting or form the complement to
  • complementary - of words or propositions so related that each is the negation of the other; acting as or providing a complement (something that completes the whole);  either one of two chromatic colors that when mixed together give white (in the case of lights) or grey (in the case of pigments)
  • complex - complicated in structure; consisting of interconnected parts;  a conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts; (psychoanalysis) a combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior; a compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated; a whole structure (as a building) made up of interconnected or related structures
  • complicated - difficult to analyze or understand
  • complications
  • components
  • compounds
  • comprehensive - including all or everything; broad in scope;  an intensive examination testing a student's proficiency in some special field of knowledge
  • compressed - reduced in volume by pressure; pressed tightly together; flattened laterally along the whole length (e.g., certain leafstalks or flatfishes)
  • compression - applying pressure; encoding information while reducing the bandwidth or bits required; the process or result of becoming smaller or pressed together; an increase in the density of something
  • compressions
  • compulsive - strongly motivated to succeed; caused by or suggestive of psychological compulsion;  a person with a compulsive disposition; someone who feels compelled to do certain things
  • computed
  • conception - the act of becoming pregnant; fertilization of an ovum by a spermatozoon; the creation of something in the mind; an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances; the event that occurred at the beginning of something
  • concepts
  • concern - something that interests you because it is important or affects you; something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness; a feeling of sympathy for someone or something; an anxious feeling; a commercial or industrial enterprise and the people who constitute it; verb be on the mind of; have to do with or be relevant to
  • concerns
  • concussion - any violent blow; injury to the brain caused by a blow; usually resulting in loss of consciousness
  • conditions
  • conduct - manner of acting or controlling yourself; (behavioral attributes) the way a person behaves toward other people; verb lead, as in the performance of a composition; lead musicians in the performance of; transmit or serve as the medium for transmission; direct the course of; manage or control; take somebody somewhere; behave in a certain manner
  • conduction - the transmission of heat or electricity or sound
  • condylar - of or relating to or resembling a condyle
  • confidentiality - discretion in keeping secret information; the state of being secret
  • confusion - a mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; an act causing a disorderly combination of elements with identities lost and distinctions blended; a mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior; a feeling of embarrassment that leaves you confused; disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably
  • congenita
  • congenital - present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • congestion - excessive crowding; excessive accumulation of blood or other fluid in a body part
  • congestive - relating to or affected by an abnormal collection of blood or other fluid
  • conjunctival - of or relating to the conjunctiva
  • conjunctivitis - inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye
  • connections
  • connective - connecting or tending to connect;  an instrumentality that connects; an uninflected function word that serves to conjoin words or phrases or clauses or sentences
  • conscious - (followed by `of') showing realization or recognition of something; knowing and perceiving; having awareness of surroundings and sensations and thoughts; intentionally conceived
  • consciousness - an alert cognitive state in which you are aware of yourself and your situation; having knowledge of
  • consent - permission to do something; verb give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to
  • consequences
  • considerations
  • constipation - irregular and infrequent or difficult evacuation of the bowels; can be a symptom of intestinal obstruction or diverticulitis; the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine)
  • constricted - inhibited; drawn together or squeezed physically or by extension psychologically; especially tense; especially in some dialects
  • consultants
  • consumption - the act of consuming something; the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating); (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing; involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body
  • contagiosum
  • containing
  • contaminants
  • contaminated - rendered unwholesome by contaminants and pollution; corrupted by contact or association; contaminated with infecting organisms
  • contamination - the act of contaminating or polluting; including (either intentionally or accidentally) unwanted substances or factors; the state of being contaminated; a substance that contaminates
  • continuity - the property of a continuous and connected period of time; a detailed script used in making a film in order to avoid discontinuities from shot to shot; uninterrupted connection or union
  • continuous - continuing in time or space without interruption; of a function or curve; extending without break or irregularity
  • contraception - birth control by the use of devices (diaphragm or intrauterine device or condom) or drugs or surgery
  • contraceptive - capable of preventing conception or impregnation;  an agent or device intended to prevent conception
  • contraceptives
  • contracture - an abnormal and usually permanent contraction of a muscle
  • contribute - verb contribute to some cause; be conducive to; provide; bestow a quality on
  • controlling - able to control or determine policy
  • controversial -  marked by or capable of arousing controversy
  • controversies
  • contusion - the action of bruising; an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
  • contusions
  • conventional - following accepted customs and proprieties; unimaginative and conformist; (weapons) using energy for propulsion or destruction that is not nuclear energy; in accord with or being a tradition or practice accepted from the past; conforming with accepted standards; represented in simplified or symbolic form; rigidly formal or bound by convention
  • conversions
  • coombs
  • coordination - the regulation of diverse elements into an integrated and harmonious operation; the skillful and effective interaction of movements; the grammatical relation of two constituents having the same grammatical form
  • copd
  • copper - any of various small butterflies of the family Lycaenidae having coppery wings; a reddish-brown color resembling the color of polished copper; a copper penny; a ductile malleable reddish-brown corrosion-resistant diamagnetic metallic element; occurs in various minerals but is the only metal that occurs abundantly in large masses; used as an electrical and thermal conductor; uncomplimentary terms for a policeman; verb coat with a layer of copper
  • cord - a line made of twisted fibers or threads; a cut pile fabric with vertical ribs; usually made of cotton; a light insulated conductor for household use; a unit of amount of wood cut for burning; 128 cubic feet; verb bind or tie with a cord; stack in cords
  • cords - cotton trousers made of corduroy cloth
  • corneal - of or related to the cornea
  • cornification
  • corns
  • coronary - surrounding like a crown (especially of the blood vessels surrounding the heart);  obstruction of blood flow in a coronary artery by a blood clot (thrombus)
  • coronavirus
  • coronaviruses
  • corporis
  • correct - free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth; socially right or correct; in accord with accepted standards of usage or procedure; correct in opinion or judgment; verb treat a defect; make right or correct; alter or regulate so as to achieve accuracy or conform to a standard; censure severely; go down in value; make reparations or amends for; punish in order to gain control or enforce obedience; adjust for
  • corrected - having something undesirable neutralized; punished for misbehavior
  • correction - the act of offering an improvement to replace a mistake; setting right; treatment of a specific defect; a drop in stock market activity or stock prices following a period of increases; something substituted for an error; a rebuke for making a mistake; a quantity that is added or subtracted in order to increase the accuracy of a scientific measure; the act of punishing
  • corrective - tending or intended to correct or counteract or restore to a normal condition; designed to promote discipline;  a device for treating injury or disease
  • cortical - of or relating to a cortex
  • corticosteroid - a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal cortex or synthesized; administered as drugs they reduce swelling and decrease the body's immune response
  • costs - pecuniary reimbursement to the winning party for the expenses of litigation
  • cough - the act of exhaling air suddenly with a noise; sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis; verb exhale abruptly, as when one has a chest cold or congestion
  • coughing - the act of exhaling air suddenly with a noise; sudden expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages; a common symptom of upper respiratory infection or bronchitis or pneumonia or tuberculosis
  • counseling - something that provides direction or advice as to a decision or course of action
  • count - the act of counting; a nobleman (in various countries) having rank equal to a British earl; the total number counted; verb include as if by counting; have faith or confidence in; name or recite the numbers; determine the number or amount of; have weight; have import, carry weight; put into a group; take account of; show consideration for; take into account
  • countertraction
  • coverage - the extent to which something is covered; the news as presented by reporters for newspapers or radio or television; the total amount and type of insurance carried
  • covid
  • cramps
  • cranberry - very tart red berry used for sauce or juice; any of numerous shrubs of genus Vaccinium bearing cranberries
  • cranial - of or relating to the cranium which encloses the brain
  • craniocervical
  • craniofacial
  • craniosynostosis
  • craniotubular
  • creatine - an amino acid that does not occur in proteins but is found in the muscle tissue of vertebrates both in the free form and as phosphocreatine; supplies energy for muscle contraction
  • creatinine
  • creutzfeldt
  • cricothyrotomy
  • criteria
  • critically - in a critical manner
  • crocodile - large voracious aquatic reptile having a long snout with massive jaws and sharp teeth and a body covered with bony plates; of sluggish tropical waters
  • crohn - United States physician who specialized in diseases of the intestines; he was the first to describe regional ileitis which is now known as Crohn's disease (1884-1983)
  • cropped - (of land or soil) used for growing crops
  • croup - a disease of infants and young children; harsh coughing and hoarseness and fever and difficult breathing; the part of a quadruped that corresponds to the human buttocks
  • crowning - representing a level of the highest possible achievement or attainment; forming or providing a crown or summit
  • crowns
  • crps
  • cruris
  • crutches
  • crying - conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible; noisy with or as if with loud cries and shouts; demanding attention;  the process of shedding tears (usually accompanied by sobs or other inarticulate sounds)
  • cryopyrin
  • cryopyrinopathies
  • cryptococcosis - a fungal infection characterized by nodular lesions--first in the lungs and spreading to the nervous system
  • cryptogenic
  • cryptorchidism - failure of one or both testes to move into the scrotum as the male fetus develops
  • cryptosporidiosis
  • crystal - a protective cover that protects the face of a watch; glassware made of quartz; a crystalline element used as a component in various electronic devices; a rock formed by the solidification of a substance; has regularly repeating internal structure; external plane faces; a solid formed by the solidification of a chemical and having a highly regular atomic structure; colorless glass made of almost pure silica
  • crystalloid
  • ctcl
  • cubital - of or relating to the elbow
  • cuff - the lap consisting of a turned-back hem encircling the end of the sleeve or leg; shackle that consists of a metal loop that can be locked around the wrist; usually used in pairs; verb hit with the hand; confine or restrain with or as if with manacles or handcuffs
  • cummings - United States writer noted for his typographically eccentric poetry (1894-1962)
  • cupping - a treatment in which evacuated cups are applied to the skin to draw blood through the surface
  • current - occurring in or belonging to the present time;  a steady flow (usually from natural causes); a flow of electricity through a conductor; dominant course (suggestive of running water) of successive events or ideas
  • curves
  • cushing - United States neurologist noted for his study of the brain and pituitary gland and who identified Cushing's syndrome (1869-1939)
  • cutanea
  • cutaneous - relating to or existing on or affecting the skin
  • cutis - a natural protective body covering and site of the sense of touch
  • cutter - a cutting implement; a tool for cutting; a sailing vessel with a single mast set further back than the mast of a sloop; someone whose work is cutting (as e.g. cutting cloth for garments); someone who carves the meat; a boat for communication between ship and shore; someone who cuts or carves stone
  • cvid
  • cyanosis - a bluish discoloration of the skin and mucous membranes; a sign that oxygen in the blood is dangerously diminished (as in carbon monoxide poisoning)
  • cyclosporiasis
  • cyclothymic - of or relating to or exhibiting cyclothymia
  • cyst - a closed sac that develops abnormally in some body structure; a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)
  • cystic -  of or relating to or resembling a cyst; of or relating to a normal cyst (as the gallbladder or urinary bladder)
  • cystic - of or relating to or resembling a cyst; of or relating to a normal cyst (as the gallbladder or urinary bladder)
  • cysticercosis
  • cystinuria
  • cystitis - inflammation of the urinary bladder and ureters
  • cystoisosporiasis
  • cystoscopy
  • cysts
  • cytomegalovirus - any of a group of herpes viruses that enlarge epithelial cells and can cause birth defects; can affect humans with impaired immunological systems
  • dacryocystitis - inflammation of the lacrimal sac causing obstruction of the tube draining tears into the nose
  • dacryostenosis
  • dalfopristin
  • damage - the act of damaging something or someone; loss of military equipment; the occurrence of a change for the worse; any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right; the amount of money needed to purchase something; verb inflict damage upon
  • damaged - harmed or injured or spoiled; especially of reputation; being unjustly brought into disrepute
  • danlos
  • daptomycin
  • darkened - become or made dark by lack of light; (of fabrics and paper) grown dark in color over time
  • data - a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn
  • dated -  bearing a date; marked by features of the immediate and usually discounted past
  • dates
  • dating - use of chemical analysis to estimate the age of geological specimens
  • daughter -  a female human offspring
  • davos
  • days - the time during which someone's life continues
  • daytime - the time after sunrise and before sunset while it is light outside
  • deafness - partial or complete loss of hearing
  • death - the act of killing; the event of dying or departure from life; the personification of death; the permanent end of all life functions in an organism or part of an organism; the absence of life or state of being dead; the time at which life ends; continuing until dead; the time when something ends; a final state
  • debride
  • decision - the act of making up your mind about something; a position or opinion or judgment reached after consideration; the outcome of a game or contest; (boxing) a victory won on points when no knockout has occurred; the trait of resoluteness as evidenced by firmness of character or purpose
  • decisions
  • decline - change toward something smaller or lower; a condition inferior to an earlier condition; a gradual falling off from a better state; a downward slope or bend; a gradual decrease; as of stored charge or current; verb grow smaller; inflect for number, gender, case, etc., "in many languages, speakers decline s, pros, and adjectives"; go down in value; go down; grow worse; show unwillingness towards; refuse to accept
  • decompression - relieving pressure; restoring compressed information to its normal form for use or display
  • decreased - made less in size or amount or degree
  • default - loss due to not showing up; act of failing to meet a financial obligation; an option that is selected automatically unless an alternative is specified; loss resulting from failure of a debt to be paid; verb fail to pay up
  • defect - a failing or deficiency; an imperfection in a bodily system; an imperfection in a device or machine; a mark or flaw that spoils the appearance of something (especially on a person's body); verb desert (a cause, a country or an army), often in order to join the opposing cause, country, or army
  • defects
  • defenses
  • defiant - boldly resisting authority or an opposing force
  • defibrillation - treatment by stopping fibrillation of heart muscles (usually by electric shock delivered by a defibrillator)
  • defibrillator - an electronic device that administers an electric shock of preset voltage to the heart through the chest wall in an attempt to restore the normal rhythm of the heart during ventricular fibrillation
  • defibrillators
  • deficiencies
  • deficiency - lack of an adequate quantity or number; the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable
  • deficient - inadequate in amount or degree; falling short of some prescribed norm; of a quantity not able to fulfill a need or requirement
  • deficit - the property of being an amount by which something is less than expected or required; an excess of liabilities over assets (usually over a certain period); (sports) the score by which a team or individual is losing; a deficiency or failure in neurological or mental functioning
  • definition - clarity of outline; a concise explanation of the meaning of a word or phrase or symbol
  • deformities
  • deformity - an affliction in which some part of the body is misshapen or malformed; an appearance that has been spoiled or is misshapen
  • degeneration - passing from a more complex to a simpler biological form; the process of declining from a higher to a lower level of effective power or vitality or essential quality; the state of being degenerate in mental or moral qualities
  • degree - a position on a scale of intensity or amount or quality; the seriousness of something (e.g., a burn or crime); the highest power of a term or variable; a measure for arcs and angles; a unit of temperature on a specified scale; a specific identifiable position in a continuum or series or especially in a process; an award conferred by a college or university signifying that the recipient has satisfactorily completed a course of study
  • dehydration - the process of extracting moisture; depletion of bodily fluids; dryness resulting from the removal of water
  • dehydroepiandrosterone
  • dehydrogenase
  • delayed - caused to be slower or later; not as far along as normal in development
  • deletion - the act of deleting something written or printed; the omission that is made when an editorial change shortens a written passage; (genetics) the loss or absence of one or more nucleotides from a chromosome; any process whereby sounds are left out of spoken words or phrases
  • delirium - a usually brief state of excitement and mental confusion often accompanied by hallucinations; state of violent mental agitation
  • delivery - the act of delivering a child; the act of delivering or distributing something (as goods or mail); the voluntary transfer of something (title or possession) from one party to another; the event of giving birth; recovery or preservation from loss or danger; (baseball) the act of throwing a baseball by a pitcher to a batter; your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally
  • delta - the 4th letter of the Greek alphabet; a low triangular area where a river divides before entering a larger body of water
  • delusional - suffering from or characterized by delusions
  • demented - affected with madness or insanity
  • dementia - mental deterioration of organic or functional origin
  • demyelinating
  • dengue - an infectious disease of the tropics transmitted by mosquitoes and characterized by rash and aching head and joints
  • density - the amount per unit size; the spatial property of being crowded together
  • dental -  of or relating to the teeth; of or relating to dentistry;  a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • dental - of or relating to the teeth; of or relating to dentistry;  a consonant articulated with the tip of the tongue near the gum ridge
  • dependency - a geographical area politically controlled by a distant country; lack of independence or self-sufficiency; being abnormally tolerant to and dependent on something that is psychologically or physically habit-forming (especially alcohol or narcotic drugs)
  • dependent - addicted to a drug; contingent on something else; not independent; (of a clause) unable to stand alone syntactically as a complete sentence; being under the power or sovereignty of another or others; supported from above;  a person who relies on another person for support (especially financial support)
  • depersonalization - representing a human being as a physical thing deprived of personal qualities or individuality; (existentialism) a loss of personal identity; a feeling of being an anonymous cog in a stupid social machine; emotional dissociative disorder in which there is loss of contact with your own personal reality accompanied by feelings of unreality and strangeness
  • depletion - the act of decreasing something markedly; the state of being depleted
  • deposition - the act of deposing someone; removing a powerful person from a position or office; (law) a pretrial interrogation of a witness; usually conducted in a lawyer's office; the natural process of laying down a deposit of something; the act of putting something somewhere
  • depressive - causing or suggestive of sorrow or gloom;  someone suffering psychological depression
  • derangement - a state of mental disturbance and disorientation; the act of disturbing the mind or body
  • derealization
  • dermal - of or relating to or located in the dermis; relating to or existing on or affecting the skin; of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • dermatitis - inflammation of the skin; skin becomes itchy and may develop blisters
  • dermatofibromas
  • dermatologic - of or relating to or practicing dermatology
  • dermatomes
  • dermatophytid
  • dermatophytoses
  • dermatosis - disorder involving lesions or eruptions of the skin (in which there is usually no inflammation)
  • desaturation
  • descending -  coming down or downward
  • description - sort or variety; a statement that represents something in words; the act of describing something
  • descriptions
  • desire - an inclination to want things; the feeling that accompanies an unsatisfied state; something that is desired; verb feel or have a desire for; want strongly; express a desire for; expect and wish
  • desquamative
  • destination - the ultimate goal for which something is done; written directions for finding some location; written on letters or packages that are to be delivered to that location; the place designated as the end (as of a race or journey)
  • detached - used of buildings; standing apart from others; no longer connected or joined; not fixed in position; being or feeling set or kept apart from others; showing lack of emotional involvement
  • detachment - the act of releasing from an attachment or connection; a small unit of troops of special composition; coming apart; avoiding emotional involvement; the state of being isolated or detached
  • detecting - a police investigation to determine the perpetrator
  • detection - the act of detecting something; catching sight of something; a police investigation to determine the perpetrator; the perception that something has occurred or some state exists; the detection that a signal is being received
  • developmental - of or relating to or constituting development
  • deviated
  • deviation - deviate behavior; the error of a compass due to local magnetic disturbances; the difference between an observed value and the expected value of a variable or function; a variation that deviates from the standard or norm; a turning aside (of your course or attention or concern)
  • device - any clever maneuver; an instrumentality invented for a particular purpose; an emblematic design (especially in heraldry); any ornamental pattern or design (as in embroidery); something in an artistic work designed to achieve a particular effect
  • devices - an inclination or desire; used in the plural in the phrase `left to your own devices'
  • devt
  • dhea
  • diabetes - any of several metabolic disorders marked by excessive urination and persistent thirst
  • diabetic - suffering from diabetes; of or relating to or causing diabetes;  someone who has diabetes
  • diagnosis - identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • diagnostic - characteristic or indicative of e.g. a disease; concerned with diagnosis; used for furthering diagnosis
  • diak
  • dialysis - separation of substances in solution by means of their unequal diffusion through semipermeable membranes
  • diaphragm - a mechanical device in a camera that controls size of aperture of the lens; electro-acoustic transducer that vibrates to receive or produce sound waves; a contraceptive device consisting of a flexible dome-shaped cup made of rubber or plastic; it is filled with spermicide and fitted over the uterine cervix; (anatomy) a muscular partition separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities; functions in respiration
  • diaphragmatic
  • diarrhea - frequent and watery bowel movements; can be a symptom of infection or food poisoning or colitis or a gastrointestinal tumor
  • dictionary definition -  a definition that reports the standard uses of a word or phrase or symbol
  • diet - the act of restricting your food intake (or your intake of particular foods); the usual food and drink consumed by an organism (person or animal); a prescribed selection of foods; a legislative assembly in certain countries (e.g., Japan); verb eat sparingly, for health reasons or to lose weight; follow a regimen or a diet, as for health reasons
  • dietary - of or relating to the diet;  a regulated daily food allowance
  • diethylstilbestrol -  a potent estrogen used in medicine and in feed for livestock and poultry
  • diets
  • diff
  • difficile
  • difficulty - the quality of being difficult; a factor causing trouble in achieving a positive result or tending to produce a negative result; a condition or state of affairs almost beyond one's ability to deal with and requiring great effort to bear or overcome; an effort that is inconvenient
  • diffuse - spread out; not concentrated in one place; lacking conciseness; (of light) transmitted from a broad light source or reflected; verb move outward; cause to become widely known; spread or diffuse through
  • diffusing - spreading by diffusion
  • digeorge
  • digestive - relating to or having the power to cause or promote digestion;  any substance that promotes digestion
  • digital - of a circuit or device that represents magnitudes in digits; relating to or performed with the fingers; displaying numbers rather than scale positions
  • digits
  • dilated - made wider or larger in all dimensions
  • dilation - the act of expanding an aperture; a lengthy discussion (spoken or written) on a particular topic
  • dimer - a compound whose molecules are composed of two identical monomers
  • diminished - (of musical intervals) reduction by a semitone of any perfect or minor musical interval; impaired by diminution; (of an organ or body part) diminished in size or strength as a result of disease or injury or lack of use; made to seem smaller or less (especially in worth)
  • diminuta
  • dioxide - an oxide containing two atoms of oxygen in the molecule
  • diphtheria - acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae; marked by the formation of a false membrane in the throat and other air passages causing difficulty in breathing
  • diphyllobothriasis
  • diplopia - visual impairment in which an object is seen as two objects
  • dipylidium
  • directives
  • dirofilariasis
  • disabilities
  • disability - the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness
  • disambiguation -  clarification that follows from the removal of ambiguity
  • discharged - having lost your job; set free as from prison or duty
  • disclaimer - (law) a voluntary repudiation of a person's legal claim to something; denial of any connection with or knowledge of
  • discoloration - the act of changing the natural color of something by making it duller or dingier or unnatural or faded; a soiled or discolored appearance
  • discomfort - an uncomfortable feeling of mental painfulness or distress; the state of being tense and feeling pain
  • discriminant
  • discuss - verb speak with others about (something); talk (something) over in detail; have a discussion; to consider or examine in speech or writing
  • discussion -  an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic; an exchange of views on some topic
  • disease - an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • diseaseadpkd
  • diseasepkd
  • diseases
  • disk - a flat circular plate; something with a round shape like a flat circular plate; (computer science) a memory device consisting of a flat disk covered with a magnetic coating on which information is stored; sound recording consisting of a disk with a continuous groove; used to reproduce music by rotating while a phonograph needle tracks in the groove; verb draw a harrow over (land)
  • dislocated - separated at the joint
  • dislocation - the act of disrupting an established order so it fails to continue; an event that results in a displacement or discontinuity; a displacement of a part (especially a bone) from its normal position (as in the shoulder or the vertebral column)
  • dislocations
  • disorder - a disturbance of the peace or of public order; condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; a condition in which things are not in their expected places; verb bring disorder to; disturb in mind or make uneasy or cause to be worried or alarmed
  • disorders
  • dispute -  coming into conflict with; a disagreement or argument about something important; verb have a disagreement over something; take exception to
  • disputed -  subject to disagreement and debate
  • disruption - the act of causing disorder; an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity; an event that results in a displacement or discontinuity; a disorderly outburst or tumult
  • dissection - cutting so as to separate into pieces; detailed critical analysis or examination one part at a time (as of a literary work); a minute and critical analysis
  • disseminated
  • dissociative - tending to produce dissociation
  • distal - situated farthest from point of attachment or origin, as of a limb or bone; directed away from the midline or mesial plane of the body
  • distress - the seizure and holding of property as security for payment of a debt or satisfaction of a claim; psychological suffering; extreme physical pain; a state of adversity (danger or affliction or need); verb cause mental pain to
  • distribution - the act of distributing or spreading or apportioning; the commercial activity of transporting and selling goods from a producer to a consumer; the spatial property of being scattered about over an area or volume; (statistics) an arrangement of values of a variable showing their observed or theoretical frequency of occurrence
  • distributions
  • diverticula
  • diverticular
  • diverticulitis - inflammation of a diverticulum in the digestive tract (especially the colon); characterized by painful abdominal cramping and fever and constipation
  • diverticulosis - presence of multiple diverticula in the walls of the colon
  • diverticulum - a herniation through the muscular wall of a tubular organ (especially the colon)
  • diving - an athletic competition that involves diving into water; a headlong plunge into water
  • divorce - the legal dissolution of a marriage; verb get a divorce; formally terminate a marriage; part; cease or break association with
  • dizziness - a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
  • dlco
  • dmodel
  • domestic - produced in a particular country; of concern to or concerning the internal affairs of a nation; of or involving the home or family; converted or adapted to domestic use; of or relating to the home;  a servant who is paid to perform menial tasks around the household
  • dominant - exercising influence or control; (of genes) producing the same phenotype whether its allele is identical or dissimilar;  (music) the fifth note of the diatonic scale; an allele that produces the same phenotype whether its paired allele is identical or different
  • donation - act of giving in common with others for a common purpose especially to a charity; a voluntary gift (as of money or service or ideas) made to some worthwhile cause
  • dorfman
  • dorsal -  belonging to or on or near the back or upper surface of an animal or organ or part; facing away from the axis of an organ or organism
  • dorsal - belonging to or on or near the back or upper surface of an animal or organ or part; facing away from the axis of an organ or organism
  • dose - a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time; the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time; street name for lysergic acid diethylamide; a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact; verb treat with an agent; add (an agent) to; administer a drug to
  • dosing
  • dracunculiasis - a painful and debilitating infestation contracted by drinking stagnant water contaminated with Guinea worm larvae that can mature inside a human's abdomen until the worm emerges through a painful blister in the person's skin
  • drain - emptying something accomplished by allowing liquid to run out of it; a gradual depletion of energy or resources; a pipe through which liquid is carried away; tube inserted into a body cavity (as during surgery) to remove unwanted material; verb empty of liquid; drain the liquid from; deplete of resources; flow off gradually; make weak
  • drainage - emptying something accomplished by allowing liquid to run out of it
  • drawing - act of getting or draining something such as electricity or a liquid from a source; the creation of artistic pictures or diagrams; a representation of forms or objects on a surface by means of lines; an illustration that is drawn by hand and published in a book or magazine; the act of moving a load by drawing or pulling; players buy (or are given) chances and prizes are distributed by casting lots
  • drawings
  • dreifuss
  • dribbling - the propulsion of a ball by repeated taps or kicks
  • driver - a golf club (a wood) with a near vertical face that is used for hitting long shots from the tee; (computer science) a program that determines how a computer will communicate with a peripheral device; the operator of a motor vehicle; a golfer who hits the golf ball with a driver; someone who drives animals that pull a vehicle
  • drops
  • drowning
  • drug - a substance that is used as a medicine or narcotic; verb administer a drug to; use recreational drugs
  • drugs
  • drydrowning
  • duchenne
  • duct - an enclosed conduit for a fluid; a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance; a continuous tube formed by a row of elongated cells lacking intervening end walls
  • ducts
  • ductus
  • duke - a British peer of the highest rank; a nobleman (in various countries) of high rank
  • duodenal - in or relating to the duodenum
  • duplication - the act of copying or making a duplicate (or duplicates) of something; a copy that corresponds to an original exactly
  • dupuytren
  • during
  • dwarf - a person who is markedly small; a legendary creature resembling a tiny old man; lives in the depths of the earth and guards buried treasure; verb check the growth of; make appear small by comparison
  • dwarfism - a genetic abnormality resulting in short stature
  • dying - in or associated with the process of passing from life or ceasing to be; eagerly desirous;  the time when something ends
  • dynamics - the branch of mechanics concerned with the forces that cause motions of bodies
  • dysarthria - impaired articulatory ability resulting from defects in the peripheral motor nerves or in the speech musculature
  • dysfunction - (medicine) any disturbance in the function of an organ or body part
  • dyslexia - impaired ability to learn to read
  • dyslipidemia
  • dysmenorrhea - painful menstruation
  • dysmorphic
  • dyspareunia
  • dyspepsia - a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
  • dysphagia - condition in which swallowing is difficult or painful
  • dysphonia - speech disorder attributable to a disorder of phonation
  • dysphoria - abnormal depression and discontent
  • dysplasia - abnormal development (of organs or cells) or an abnormal structure resulting from such growth
  • dysplasias
  • dyspnea - difficult or labored respiration
  • dysproteinemias
  • dysregulation
  • dystocia
  • dystonia
  • dystonias
  • dystrophies
  • dystrophy - any degenerative disorder resulting from inadequate or faulty nutrition; any of several hereditary diseases of the muscular system characterized by weakness and wasting of skeletal muscles
  • dysuria - painful or difficult urination
  • earache - an ache localized in the middle or inner ear
  • eardrum - the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound
  • early - at or near the beginning of a period of time or course of events or before the usual or expected time; being or occurring at an early stage of development; of an early stage in the development of a language or literature; very young; belonging to the distant past; expected in the near future;  before the usual time or the time expected; in good time; during an early stage
  • ears
  • eating - the act of consuming food
  • eaton
  • ebola - a severe and often fatal disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees) caused by the Ebola virus; characterized by high fever and severe internal bleeding; can be spread from person to person; is largely limited to Africa
  • echinacea - small genus of North American coarse perennial herbs
  • echinococcosis - infestation with larval echinococci (tapeworms)
  • echocardiography - a noninvasive diagnostic procedure that uses ultrasound to study to structure and motions of the heart
  • eclampsia - a toxic condition characterized by convulsions and possibly coma during or immediately after pregnancy
  • economic - using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness; financially rewarding; concerned with worldly necessities of life (especially money); of or relating to the science of economics; of or relating to an economy, the system of production and management of material wealth
  • ecthyma
  • ectopic - exhibiting ectopia
  • ectropion
  • eczema - generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin; particularly with vesiculation in the acute stages
  • edema - swelling from excessive accumulation of serous fluid in tissue
  • edit - verb prepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting; cut or eliminate; cut and assemble the components of; supervise the publication of
  • edit - verb prepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting; cut or eliminate; cut and assemble the components of; supervise the publication of
  • editorial - of or relating to an article stating opinions or giving perspectives; relating to or characteristic of an editor;  an article giving opinions or perspectives
  • editors
  • effectiveness - power to be effective; the quality of being able to bring about an effect; capacity to produce strong physiological or chemical effects
  • effects - property of a personal character that is portable but not used in business
  • efficacy - capacity or power to produce a desired effect
  • effusion - flow under pressure; an unrestrained expression of emotion
  • eggs - oval reproductive body of a fowl (especially a hen) used as food
  • egpa
  • ehec
  • ehlers
  • ehrlichiosis
  • eisenmenger
  • ejaculate - the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract; verb eject semen; utter impulsively
  • ejaculation - an abrupt emphatic exclamation expressing emotion; the discharge of semen in males
  • elasticum
  • elbow - the joint of a mammal or bird that corresponds to the human elbow; the part of a sleeve that covers the elbow joint; a sharp bend in a road or river; a length of pipe with a sharp bend in it; hinge joint between the forearm and upper arm and the corresponding joint in the forelimb of a quadruped; verb shove one's elbow into another person's ribs; push one's way with the elbows
  • elder - used of the older of two persons of the same name especially used to distinguish a father from his son;  a person who is older than you are; any of various church officers; any of numerous shrubs or small trees of temperate and subtropical northern hemisphere having white flowers and berrylike fruit
  • elderabuse
  • elderly - advanced in years; (`aged' is proced as two syllables);  people who are old collectively
  • electrical - relating to or concerned with electricity; using or providing or producing or transmitting or operated by electricity
  • electrocardiography - diagnostic procedure consisting of recording the activity of the heart electronically with a cardiograph (and producing a cardiogram)
  • electroencephalography
  • electrolyte - a solution that conducts electricity
  • electrolytes
  • electromyography - diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders with the use of an electromyograph
  • electronic - of or relating to electronics; concerned with or using devices that operate on principles governing the behavior of electrons; of or concerned with electrons
  • electrophysiologic
  • elements - violent or severe weather (viewed as caused by the action of the four elements)
  • elevated - raised above the ground; raised above ground level; on elevated rails;  a railway that is powered by electricity and that runs on a track that is raised above the street level
  • elevator - lifting device consisting of a platform or cage that is raised and lowered mechanically in a vertical shaft in order to move people from one floor to another in a building; the airfoil on the tailplane of an aircraft that makes it ascend or descend
  • elimination - the murder of a competitor; the act of removing or getting rid of something; the act of removing an unknown mathematical quantity by combining equations; analysis of a problem into alternative possibilities followed by the systematic rejection of unacceptable alternatives; the bodily process of discharging waste matter
  • elliptocytosis
  • embolism - occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus (a loose clot or air bubble or other particle); an insertion into a calendar
  • embryo - an animal organism in the early stages of growth and differentiation that in higher forms merge into fetal stages but in lower forms terminate in commencement of larval life; (botany) a minute rudimentary plant contained within a seed or an archegonium
  • emergencies
  • emergency - a sudden unforeseen crisis (usually involving danger) that requires immediate action; a state in which martial law applies; a brake operated by hand; usually operates by mechanical linkage
  • emery - a hard grey-black mineral consisting of corundum and either hematite or magnetite; used as an abrasive (especially as a coating on paper)
  • emission - the act of emitting; causing to flow forth; the occurrence of a flow of water (as from a pipe); the release of electrons from parent atoms; any of several bodily processes by which substances go out of the body; a substance that is emitted or released
  • empty - holding or containing nothing; emptied of emotion; needing nourishment; devoid of significance or point; having nothing inside;  a container that has been emptied; verb become empty or void of its content; make void or empty of contents; remove; excrete or discharge from the body; leave behind empty; move out of
  • empyema - a collection of pus in a body cavity (especially in the lung cavity)
  • encephalitis - inflammation of the brain usually caused by a virus; symptoms include headache and neck pain and drowsiness and nausea and fever (`phrenitis' is no longer in scientific use)
  • encephalocele - protrusion of brain tissue through a congenital fissure in the skull
  • encephalopathy - any disorder or disease of the brain
  • endemic - native to or confined to a certain region; of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality; originating where it is found;  a plant that is native to a certain limited area; a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
  • endocarditis - inflammation of the endocardium and heart valves
  • endocrine - of or belonging to endocrine glands or their secretions;  any of the glands of the endocrine system that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream; the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • endocrinology - the branch of medicine dealing with the endocrine glands and their secretions
  • endometrial - of or relating to the endometrium
  • endometriomas
  • endometriosis - the presence of endometrium elsewhere than in the lining of the uterus; causes premenstrual pain and dysmenorrhea
  • endometritis - inflammation of the lining of the uterus (of the endometrium)
  • endophthalmitis
  • endoscope - a long slender medical instrument for examining the interior of a bodily organ or performing minor surgery
  • endoscopy - visual examination of the interior of a hollow body organ by use of an endoscope
  • energy - an imaginative lively style (especially style of writing); enterprising or ambitious drive; forceful exertion; (physics) the capacity of a physical system to do work; the units of energy are joules or ergs; a healthy capacity for vigorous activity; the federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States; created in 1977
  • engineering -  a room (as on a ship) in which the engine is located; the discipline dealing with the art or science of applying scientific knowledge to practical problems; the practical application of science to commerce or industry
  • enlarged - expanded in scope; larger than normal; (of an organ or body part) excessively enlarged as a result of increased size in the constituent cells; enlarged to an abnormal degree; as of a photograph; made larger
  • enlargement - a photographic print that has been enlarged; the state of being enlarged; the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope; a discussion that provides additional information
  • enlarges
  • enteral - of or relating to or inside the intestines; of or relating to the enteron
  • enteric - of or relating to the enteron; of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • enteritis - inflammation of the intestine (especially the small intestine); usually characterized by diarrhea
  • enterobacter
  • enterococcal
  • enterocolitis
  • enterohemorrhagic
  • enterovirus - any of a group of picornaviruses that infect the gastrointestinal tract and can spread to other areas (especially the nervous system)
  • enteroviruses
  • enthesopathy
  • entrapment - a defense that claims the defendant would not have broken the law if not tricked into doing it by law enforcement officials
  • entropion
  • environmental - concerned with the ecological effects of altering the environment; of or relating to the external conditions or surroundings
  • eosinophil - a leukocyte readily stained with eosin
  • eosinophilia - a symptom of allergic states; increased eosinophils in the blood
  • eosinophilic - of or relating to eosinophil
  • ependymomas
  • epicondylitis - painful inflammation of the muscles and soft tissues around an epicondyle
  • epidemic - (especially of medicine) of disease or anything resembling a disease; attacking or affecting many individuals in a community or a population simultaneously;  a widespread outbreak of an infectious disease; many people are infected at the same time
  • epidemiology -  the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
  • epidermal - of or relating to a cuticle or cuticula
  • epidermolysis
  • epididymitis - painful inflammation of the epididymis
  • epididymo
  • epidural - on or outside the dura mater;  regional anesthesia resulting from injection of an anesthetic into the epidural space of the spinal cord; sensation is lost in the abdominal and genital and pelvic areas; used in childbirth and gynecological surgery
  • epiglottitis - inflammation of the epiglottis; characterized by fever and a severe sore throat and difficulty in swallowing
  • epiphyseal - relating to the epiphysis of a bone
  • epiphysis - the end of a long bone; initially separated from the main bone by a layer of cartilage that eventually ossifies so the parts become fused; a small endocrine gland in the brain; situated beneath the back part of the corpus callosum; secretes melatonin
  • epiphysitis
  • epiretinal
  • episcleritis - inflammation of the sclera of the eye
  • episiotomy - surgical incision of the perineum to enlarge the vagina and so facilitate delivery during childbirth
  • epistaxis - bleeding from the nose
  • epithelium - membranous tissue covering internal organs and other internal surfaces of the body
  • epley
  • epworth
  • equation - the act of regarding as equal; a mathematical statement that two expressions are equal; a state of being essentially equal or equivalent; equally balanced
  • equina
  • equinovarus
  • ercp
  • erectile - filled with vascular sinuses and capable of becoming distended and rigid as the result of being filled with blood; capable of being raised to an upright position
  • erection - a structure that has been erected; an erect penis; the act of building or putting up
  • erosive - wearing away by friction; of a substance, especially a strong acid; capable of destroying or eating away by chemical action
  • error - (baseball) a failure of a defensive player to make an out when normal play would have sufficed; departure from what is ethically acceptable; a misconception resulting from incorrect information; part of a statement that is not correct; (computer science) the occurrence of an incorrect result produced by a computer; a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention; inadvertent incorrectness
  • errors
  • eruptions
  • erysipelas - an acute streptococcal infection characterized by deep-red inflammation of the skin and mucous membranes
  • erysipelothricosis
  • erythema - abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)
  • erythematosus
  • erythrasma
  • erythroblastosis - a blood disease characterized by the abnormal presence of erythroblasts in the blood
  • erythrocytosis
  • erythromelalgia
  • erythropoiesis - the process of producing red blood cells by the stem cells in the bone marrow
  • erythropoietic - of or relating to the formation of red blood cells
  • escharotomy
  • escherichia - a genus of enteric bacteria
  • esophageal -  relating to the esophagus
  • esophageal - relating to the esophagus
  • esophagitis - inflammation of the esophagus; often caused by gastroesophageal reflux
  • esophagus - the passage between the pharynx and the stomach
  • essay -  a tentative attempt; an analytic or interpretive literary composition; verb make an effort or attempt; put to the test, as for its quality, or give experimental use to
  • essential - basic and fundamental; absolutely required and not to be used up or sacrificed; absolutely necessary; vitally necessary; being or relating to or containing the essence of a plant etc; defining rights and duties as opposed to giving the rules by which rights and duties are established; of the greatest importance;  anything indispensable
  • ester - formed by reaction between an acid and an alcohol with elimination of water
  • estes
  • estimate - a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody; an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth; the respect with which a person is held; a statement indicating the likely cost of some job; a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation); verb judge tentatively or form an estimate of (quantities or time); judge to be probable
  • estimating
  • estimation - a judgment of the qualities of something or somebody; an approximate calculation of quantity or degree or worth; the respect with which a person is held; a document appraising the value of something (as for insurance or taxation)
  • estimator - an expert at calculation (or at operating calculating machines)
  • estradiol -  the most powerful female hormone that occurs naturally; synthesized and used to treat estrogen deficiency and breast cancer
  • ethical - conforming to accepted standards of social or professional behavior; adhering to ethical and moral principles; of or relating to the philosophical study of ethics
  • etiology - the philosophical study of causation; the cause of a disease
  • euroscore
  • eustachian
  • euthyroid
  • evaluation - act of ascertaining or fixing the value or worth of; an appraisal of the value of something
  • event - something that happens at a given place and time; a phenomenon located at a single point in space-time; the fundamental observational entity in relativity theory; a special set of circumstances; a phenomenon that follows and is caused by some previous phenomenon
  • eversion - the position of being turned outward; the act of turning inside out
  • evidence - your basis for belief or disbelief; knowledge on which to base belief; an indication that makes something evident; (law) all the means by which any alleged matter of fact whose truth is investigated at judicial trial is established or disproved; verb provide evidence for; stand as proof of; show by one's behavior, attitude, or external attributes; give evidence; provide evidence for
  • evoked - called forth from a latent or potential state by stimulation
  • exacerbation - violent and bitter exasperation; action that makes a problem or a disease (or its symptoms) worse
  • exacerbations
  • exam - a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge
  • examination - the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes); the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned; a set of questions or exercises evaluating skill or knowledge; a detailed inspection of your conscience (as done daily by Jesuits); formal systematic questioning
  • except - verb prevent from being included or considered or accepted; take exception to
  • excess - more than is needed, desired, or required;  immoderation as a consequence of going beyond sufficient or permitted limits; a quantity much larger than is needed; excessive indulgence; the state of being more than full
  • excessive -  beyond normal limits; unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings
  • excessive - beyond normal limits; unrestrained, especially with regard to feelings
  • exchanging
  • excoriation - severe censure; an abraded area where the skin is torn or worn off
  • excretion - the bodily process of discharging waste matter; waste matter (as urine or sweat but especially feces) discharged from the body
  • exercise - the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit; a task performed or problem solved in order to develop skill or understanding; systematic training by multiple repetitions; (usually plural) a ceremony that involves processions and speeches; the act of using; verb do physical exercise; give a workout to; learn by repetition; put to use; carry out or practice; as of jobs and professions
  • exercises
  • exercising - the activity of exerting your muscles in various ways to keep fit
  • exfoliative
  • exhaustion - the act of exhausting something entirely; extreme fatigue; serious weakening and loss of energy
  • exhibitionism - the perverse act of exposing and attracting attention to your own genitals; extravagant and conspicuous behavior intended to attract attention to yourself
  • exhibitionistic - compulsively attracting attention to yourself especially by public exposure or exaggerated behavior
  • expand - verb become larger in size or volume or quantity; make bigger or wider in size, volume, or quantity; extend in one or more directions; exaggerate or make bigger; grow stronger; expand the influence of; add details, as to an account or idea; clarify the meaning of and discourse in a learned way, usually in writing
  • expander
  • expected - considered likely or probable to happen or arrive; expected to become or be; in prospect; looked forward to as probable
  • expenditure - the act of consuming something; the act of spending money for goods or services; money paid out
  • experimental -  relying on observation or experiment; of the nature of or undergoing an experiment; relating to or based on experiment
  • expiratory - of or relating to the breathing out phase of respiration
  • expired - having come to an end or become void after passage of a period of time
  • explosives
  • expressivity
  • extensor - a skeletal muscle whose contraction extends or stretches a body part
  • externa
  • external - happening or arising or located outside or beyond some limits or especially surface; purely outward or superficial; from or between other countries; coming from the outside;  outward features
  • extraction - the act of pulling out (as a tooth); the process of obtaining something from a mixture or compound by chemical or physical or mechanical means; properties attributable to your ancestry
  • extraintestinal
  • extrapulmonary
  • extremity - an external body part that projects from the body; that part of a limb that is farthest from the torso; the outermost or farthest region or point; the greatest or utmost degree; an extreme condition or state (especially of adversity or disease)
  • eyeball - the ball-shaped capsule containing the vertebrate eye; verb look at
  • eyelid - either of two folds of skin that can be moved to cover or open the eye
  • eyelids
  • eyes - opinion or judgment
  • fabry
  • facial -  of or pertaining to the outside surface of an object; of or concerning the face;  care for the face that usually involves cleansing and massage and the application of cosmetic creams; cranial nerve that supplies facial muscles
  • facial - of or pertaining to the outside surface of an object; of or concerning the face;  care for the face that usually involves cleansing and massage and the application of cosmetic creams; cranial nerve that supplies facial muscles
  • facilitating
  • facilities
  • facioscapulohumeral
  • factitious - not produced by natural forces
  • factors
  • facts
  • fagan
  • failure - an unexpected omission; an act that fails; an event that does not accomplish its intended purpose; a person with a record of failing; someone who loses consistently; loss of ability to function normally; lack of success; inability to discharge all your debts as they come due
  • fainting
  • fallopian
  • fallot - French physician who described cardiac anomalies including Fallot's tetralogy (1850-1911)
  • falls - the petals or sepals of a flower that bend downward (especially the outer perianth of an iris); a steep descent of the water of a river
  • false - (used especially of persons) not dependable in devotion or affection; unfaithful; arising from error; inaccurate in pitch; designed to deceive; deliberately deceptive; not in accordance with the fact or reality or actuality; erroneous and usually accidental; adopted in order to deceive; not genuine or real; being an imitation of the genuine article; inappropriate to reality or facts;  in a disloyal and faithless manner
  • familial - tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity; relating to or having the characteristics of a family
  • families
  • family - primary social group; parents and children; people descended from a common ancestor; a social unit living together; (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera; an association of people who share common beliefs or activities; a collection of things sharing a common attribute; a loose affiliation of gangsters in charge of organized criminal activities; a person having kinship with another or others
  • familyhealth
  • fanconi
  • faqs
  • fares
  • fascia - a sheet or band of fibrous connective tissue separating or binding together muscles and organs etc
  • fascicular
  • fasciitis
  • fascioliasis - infestation with the liver fluke Fasciola hepatica; liver damage sometimes occurs; related to liver rot
  • fasciolopsiasis - infestation with the large intestinal fluke Fasciolopsis buski; common in eastern Asia
  • fasciosis
  • fatal - controlled or decreed by fate; predetermined; bringing death; having momentous consequences; of decisive importance; (of events) having extremely unfortunate or dire consequences; bringing ruin
  • fatigue - (always used with a modifier) boredom resulting from overexposure to something; temporary loss of strength and energy resulting from hard physical or mental work; used of materials (especially metals) in a weakened state caused by long stress; labor of a nonmilitary kind done by soldiers (cleaning or digging or draining or so on); verb exhaust or get tired through overuse or great strain or stress; get tired of something or somebody
  • fats
  • fatty - containing or composed of fat;  a rotund individual
  • features
  • febeye
  • febrile - of or relating to or characterized by fever
  • fecal - foul with waste matter; of or relating to feces
  • feeding - the act of supplying food and nourishment; the act of consuming food
  • felon - a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail; someone who has committed (or been legally convicted of) a crime
  • female - being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces fertilizable gametes (ova) from which offspring develop; for or pertaining to or composed of women or girls; characteristic of or peculiar to a woman;  an animal that produces gametes (ova) that can be fertilized by male gametes (spermatozoa); a person who belongs to the sex that can have babies
  • femoral - of or relating to or near the femur or thigh
  • fenton
  • fertility - the state of being fertile; capable of producing offspring; the property of producing abundantly and sustaining vigorous and luxuriant growth; the ratio of live births in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 population per year
  • fetal - of or relating to a fetus
  • fetalis
  • fetishism - sexual arousal or gratification resulting from handling a fetish (or a specific part of the body other than the sexual organs); a belief in the magical power of fetishes (or the worship of a fetish)
  • fetishistic
  • fetus - an unborn or unhatched vertebrate in the later stages of development showing the main recognizable features of the mature animal
  • fever -  intense nervous anticipation; a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
  • fever - intense nervous anticipation; a rise in the temperature of the body; frequently a symptom of infection
  • feverfew - bushy aromatic European perennial herb having clusters of buttonlike white-rayed flower heads; valued traditionally for medicinal uses; sometimes placed in genus Chrysanthemum
  • fevers
  • ffler
  • fiber - a leatherlike material made by compressing layers of paper or cloth; a slender and greatly elongated solid substance; the inherent complex of attributes that determine a persons moral and ethical actions and reactions
  • fibrillary
  • fibrillation - act or process of forming fibrils; muscular twitching involving individual muscle fibers acting without coordination
  • fibrinolytic
  • fibroadenomas
  • fibrocystic
  • fibroelastosis
  • fibroids
  • fibromatosis
  • fibromuscular
  • fibromyalgia
  • fibrosis - development of excess fibrous connective tissue in an organ
  • fibroxanthoma
  • filarial - related to or infested with or transmitting parasitic worms especially filaria
  • filariasis - a disease caused by nematodes in the blood or tissues of the body causing blockage of lymphatic vessels
  • filoviridae - a family of threadlike RNA viruses that cause diseases in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys and chimpanzees)
  • filovirus - animal viruses belonging to the family Filoviridae
  • filoviruses
  • filtering
  • filtration - the act of changing a fluid by passing it through a filter; the process whereby fluids pass through a filter or a filtering medium
  • financial - involving financial matters
  • financing - the act of financing
  • findings - a collection of tools and other articles used by an artisan to make jewelry or clothing or shoes
  • finger - one of the parts of a glove that provides covering for a finger or thumb; any of the terminal members of the hand (sometimes excepting the thumb); the length of breadth of a finger used as a linear measure; verb indicate the fingering for the playing of musical scores for keyboard instruments; feel or handle with the fingers; search for on the computer; examine by touch
  • fingernail - the nail at the end of a finger
  • fingers
  • fingertip - the end (tip) of a finger
  • fish - any of various mostly cold-blooded aquatic vertebrates usually having scales and breathing through gills; the flesh of fish used as food; the twelfth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about February 19 to March 20; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Pisces; verb catch or try to catch fish or shellfish; seek indirectly
  • fishhook - a sharp barbed hook for catching fish
  • fissure - (anatomy) a long narrow slit or groove that divides an organ into lobes; a long narrow opening; a long narrow depression in a surface; verb break into fissures or fine cracks
  • fistula - an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface; a chronic inflammation of the withers of a horse
  • fitness - the condition of being suitable; the quality of being qualified; good physical condition; being in shape or in condition; fitness to traverse the seas
  • fitting - being precisely fitting and right; in harmony with the spirit of particular persons or occasion;  putting clothes on to see whether they fit; a small and often standardized accessory to a larger system; (usually plural) furnishings and equipment (especially for a ship or hotel); making or becoming suitable; adjusting to circumstances
  • fixation - (histology) the preservation and hardening of a tissue sample to retain as nearly as possible the same relations they had in the living body; the activity of fastening something firmly in position; an unhealthy and compulsive preoccupation with something or someone; an abnormal state in which development has stopped prematurely
  • fixator
  • flail - an implement consisting of handle with a free swinging stick at the end; used in manual threshing; verb move like a flail; thresh about; give a thrashing to; beat hard
  • flank - the side between ribs and hipbone; a cut from the fleshy part of an animal's side between the ribs and the leg; the side of military or naval formation; a subfigure consisting of a side of something; verb be located at the sides of something or somebody
  • flashes
  • flavors
  • flexible - bending and snapping back readily without breaking; able to flex; able to bend easily; capable of being changed; making or willing to make concessions; able to adjust readily to different conditions
  • flexor - a skeletal muscle whose contraction bends a joint
  • floaters
  • flora - a living organism lacking the power of locomotion; all the plant life in a particular region or period
  • fluid - subject to change; variable; affording change (especially in social status); in cash or easily convertible to cash; characteristic of a fluid; capable of flowing and easily changing shape; smooth and unconstrained in movement;  a continuous amorphous substance that tends to flow and to conform to the outline of its container: a liquid or a gas; a substance that is fluid at room temperature and pressure
  • fluke - parasitic flatworms having external suckers for attaching to a host; either of the two lobes of the tail of a cetacean; flat bladelike projection on the arm of an anchor; a barb on a harpoon or arrow; a stroke of luck
  • flukes
  • fluoride - a salt of hydrofluoric acid
  • fluorine - a nonmetallic univalent element belonging to the halogens; usually a yellow irritating toxic flammable gas; a powerful oxidizing agent; recovered from fluorite or cryolite or fluorapatite
  • fluoroquinolones
  • flutter - abnormally rapid beating of the auricles of the heart (especially in a regular rhythm); can result in heart block; the act of moving back and forth; the motion made by flapping up and down; a disorderly outburst or tumult; verb flag the wings rapidly or fly with flapping movements; wink briefly; move back and forth very rapidly; beat rapidly; move along rapidly and lightly; skim or dart
  • fnts
  • foam - a mass of small bubbles formed in or on a liquid; a lightweight material in cellular form; made by introducing gas bubbles during manufacture; verb form bubbles
  • focal - having or localized centrally at a focus; of or relating to a focus
  • focused - of an optical system (e.g. eye or opera glasses) adjusted to produce a clear image; (of light rays) converging on a point; being in focus or brought into focus; concentrated on or clustered around a central point or purpose
  • folate - a B vitamin that is essential for cell growth and reproduction
  • foliaceus
  • folliculitis - inflammation of a hair follicle
  • following - about to be mentioned or specified; immediately following in time or order; going or proceeding or coming after in the same direction; in the desired direction;  a group of followers or enthusiasts; the act of pursuing in an effort to overtake or capture
  • font - a specific size and style of type within a type family; bowl for baptismal water
  • food - any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue; anything that provides mental stimulus for thinking; any solid substance (as opposed to liquid) that is used as a source of nourishment
  • foods
  • forceps - an extractor consisting of a pair of pincers used in medical treatment (especially for the delivery of babies)
  • forearm -  the part of the superior limb between the elbow and the wrist; verb arm in advance of a confrontation
  • forearm - the part of the superior limb between the elbow and the wrist; verb arm in advance of a confrontation
  • foreign - relating to or originating in or characteristic of another place or part of the world; of concern to or concerning the affairs of other nations (other than your own); not contained in or deriving from the essential nature of something; not belonging to that in which it is contained; introduced from an outside source
  • formation - the fabrication of something in a particular shape; creation by mental activity; a particular spatial arrangement; an arrangement of people or things acting as a unit; natural process that causes something to form; the act of forming something; (geology) the geological features of the earth
  • formed - fully developed as by discipline or training; having taken on a definite arrangement; having or given a form or shape; clearly defined; formed in the mind
  • formerly - at a previous time
  • forms
  • formula - a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement; a conventionalized statement expressing some fundamental principle; a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements; a liquid food for infants; something regarded as a normative example; (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems; directions for making something
  • formulae
  • fort - a fortified defensive structure; a fortified military post where troops are stationed; verb station (troops) in a fort; gather in, or as if in, a fort, as for protection or defense; enclose by or as if by a fortification
  • fosfomycin
  • foster - providing or receiving nurture or parental care though not related by blood or legal ties;  United States songwriter whose songs embody the sentiment of the South before the American Civil War (1826-1864); verb help develop, help grow; bring up under fosterage; of children; promote the growth of
  • fourth - coming next after the third and just before the fifth in position or time or degree or magnitude;  in the fourth place;  the musical interval between one note and another four notes away from it; following the third position; number four in a countable series; one of four equal parts
  • fractional - constituting or comprising a part or fraction of a possible whole or entirety
  • fracture - the act of cracking something; breaking of hard tissue such as bone; (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other; verb fracture a bone of; break (a bone); become fractured; violate or abuse; break into pieces; interrupt, break, or destroy
  • fractured
  • fractures
  • fragile - vulnerably delicate; easily broken or damaged or destroyed; lacking solidity or strength and liable to break
  • fragments
  • frailty - moral weakness; the state of being weak in health or body (especially from old age)
  • framingham
  • freiberg
  • frequency - the number of observations in a given statistical category; the ratio of the number of observations in a statistical category to the total number of observations; the number of occurrences within a given time period
  • frequent - frequently encountered; coming at short intervals or habitually; verb be a regular or frequent visitor to a certain place; do one's shopping at; do business with; be a customer or client of
  • friedewald
  • friends
  • from
  • frontal -  belonging to the front part; of or adjacent to the forehead or frontal bone; meeting front to front; of or relating to the front of an advancing mass of air;  a drapery that covers the front of an altar; the face or front of a building; an adornment worn on the forehead
  • frontotemporal
  • frostbite - destruction of tissue by freezing and characterized by tingling, blistering and possibly gangrene
  • fructose - a simple sugar found in honey and in many ripe fruits
  • fugue - a musical form consisting of a theme repeated a fifth above or a fourth below its first statement; a dreamlike state of altered consciousness that may last for hours or days; dissociative disorder in which a person forgets who they are and leaves home to creates a new life; during the fugue there is no memory of the former life; after recovering there is no memory for events during the dissociative state
  • fulminant - sudden and severe
  • functional - designed for or capable of a particular function or use; involving or affecting function rather than physiology; designed for or adapted to a function or use; fit or ready for use or service; relating to or based on function especially as opposed to structure; (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing
  • fundamentals - principles from which other truths can be derived
  • funding - the act of financing; financial resources provided to make some project possible
  • fungal - of or relating to fungi
  • fungi - (pun) the one who buys the drinks; the taxonomic kingdom of lower plants
  • furuncles
  • fxtas
  • gail
  • gait - a person's manner of walking; a horse's manner of moving; the rate of moving (especially walking or running)
  • galactorrhea
  • galactosemia - a genetic disease (autosomal recessive) in which an enzyme needed to metabolize galactose is deficient or absent; typically develops shortly after birth
  • galeazzi
  • gallbladder - a muscular sac attached to the liver that secretes bile and stores it until needed for digestion
  • gallstones
  • gamma - the 3rd letter of the Greek alphabet; a unit of magnetic field strength equal to one-hundred-thousandth of an oersted; Portuguese navigator who led an expedition around the Cape of Good Hope in 1497; he sighted and named Natal on Christmas Day before crossing the Indian Ocean (1469-1524)
  • gammopathy - a disturbance in the synthesis of immunoglobulins; proteins having antibody activity increase greatly in the blood
  • ganglia
  • gangrene - necrotic tissue; a mortified or gangrenous part or mass; the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply); verb undergo necrosis
  • gangrenosum
  • garlic - aromatic bulb used as seasoning; bulbous herb of southern Europe widely naturalized; bulb breaks up into separate strong-flavored cloves
  • gastric - relating to or involving the stomach
  • gastrinoma
  • gastritis - inflammation of the lining of the stomach; nausea and loss of appetite and discomfort after eating
  • gastroenteritis - inflammation of the stomach and intestines; can be caused by Salmonella enteritidis
  • gastroenterology - the branch of medicine that studies the gastrointestinal tract and its diseases
  • gastroesophageal - of or relating to or involving the stomach and esophagus
  • gastrointestinal - of or relating to the stomach and intestines
  • gastroschisis
  • gaucher
  • gault
  • gaze - a long fixed look; verb look at with fixed eyes
  • gender - a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between s and pros and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness; the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles
  • gene - (genetics) a segment of DNA that is involved in producing a polypeptide chain; it can include regions preceding and following the coding DNA as well as introns between the exons; it is considered a unit of heredity
  • general - prevailing among and common to the general public; not specialized or limited to one class of things; applying to all or most members of a category or group; of national scope; affecting the entire body; somewhat indefinite; of worldwide scope or applicability;  a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); a general officer of the highest rank; the head of a religious order or congregation; verb command as a general
  • generalized - spread throughout a body or system; not biologically differentiated or adapted to a specific function or environment
  • generic - applicable to an entire class or group; (of drugs) not protected by trademark; relating to or common to or descriptive of all members of a genus;  any product that can be sold without a brand name; a wine that is a blend of several varieties of grapes with no one grape predominating; a wine that does not carry the name of any specific grape
  • genericcontentpage
  • genes
  • genetic - of or relating to the science of genetics; pertaining to or referring to origin; tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity; of or relating to or produced by or being a gene
  • genetics - the branch of biology that studies heredity and variation in organisms
  • genital - of or relating to the external sex organs
  • genitals - external sex organ
  • genitourinary - of or related to the genital and urinary organs or their functions
  • genu - hinge joint in the human leg connecting the tibia and fibula with the femur and protected in front by the patella
  • gerd
  • geriatric - of or relating to or practicing geriatrics; of or relating to the aged
  • geriatrics - the branch of medical science that deals with diseases and problems specific to old people
  • gerstmann
  • gestation - the conception and development of an idea or plan; the period during which an embryo develops (about 266 days in humans); the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • gestational - of or relating to gestation
  • gestationis
  • getting - the act of acquiring something
  • giant - of great mass; huge and bulky;  any creature of exceptional size; an unusually large enterprise; an imaginary figure of superhuman size and strength; appears in folklore and fair tales; someone or something that is abnormally large and powerful; a very large person; impressive in size or qualities; a very bright star of large diameter and low density (relative to the Sun); a person of exceptional importance and reputation
  • giardiasis - infection of the intestines with protozoa found in contaminated food and water; characterized by diarrhea and nausea and flatulence and abdominal discomfort
  • gigantism - excessive largeness of stature; excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • ginger - (used especially of hair or fur) having a bright orange-brown color;  pungent rhizome of the common ginger plant; used fresh as a seasoning especially in Oriental cookery; dried ground gingerroot; perennial plants having thick branching aromatic rhizomes and leafy reedlike stems; liveliness and energy; verb add ginger to in order to add flavor
  • gingival - of or relating to the gums
  • gingivitis - inflammation of the gums
  • ginkgo - deciduous dioecious Chinese tree having fan-shaped leaves and fleshy yellow seeds; exists almost exclusively in cultivation especially as an ornamental street tree
  • ginseng - Chinese herb with palmately compound leaves and small greenish flowers and forked aromatic roots believed to have medicinal powers; aromatic root of ginseng plants
  • girdle - a band of material around the waist that strengthens a skirt or trousers; an encircling or ringlike structure; a woman's close-fitting foundation garment; verb put a girdle on or around; cut a girdle around so as to kill by interrupting the circulation of water and nutrients
  • girls
  • gists
  • gitelman
  • gland - any of various organs that synthesize substances needed by the body and release it through ducts or directly into the bloodstream
  • glands
  • glandular -  relating to or affecting or functioning as a gland
  • glasgow - largest city in Scotland; a port on the Clyde in west central Scotland; one of the great shipbuilding centers of the world
  • glaucoma - increased pressure in the eyeball due to obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor; damages the optic disc and impairs vision (sometimes progressing to blindness)
  • glenoid
  • gliomas
  • global - involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope; having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • globe - a sphere on which a map (especially of the earth) is represented; the 3rd planet from the sun; the planet we live on; an object with a spherical shape
  • glomerular - of or relating to glomeruli
  • glomerulonephritis - nephritis marked by inflammation of the glomeruli of the kidney; characterized by decreased production of urine and by the presence of blood and protein in the urine and by edema
  • glomerulopathies
  • glomerulosclerosis
  • glossopharyngeal - pertaining to the tongue and throat
  • glucagonoma
  • glucosamine
  • glucose - a monosaccharide sugar that has several forms; an important source of physiological energy
  • glucosuria - the presence of abnormally high levels of glucose in the urine
  • glycemic
  • glycerol - a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • glycogen - one form in which body fuel is stored; stored primarily in the liver and broken down into glucose when needed by the body
  • glycolytic
  • glycopeptides
  • goiter - abnormally enlarged thyroid gland; can result from underproduction or overproduction of hormone or from a deficiency of iodine in the diet
  • goldenseal - perennial herb of northeastern United States having a thick knotted yellow rootstock and large rounded leaves
  • gondii
  • gonorrhea - a common venereal disease caused by the bacterium Neisseria gonorrhoeae; symptoms are painful urination and pain around the urethra
  • goodpasture
  • gout - a painful inflammation of the big toe and foot caused by defects in uric acid metabolism resulting in deposits of the acid and its salts in the blood and joints
  • gradient - the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the horizontal; a graded change in the magnitude of some physical quantity or dimension
  • grafting - the act of grafting something onto something else
  • gram - Danish physician and bacteriologist who developed a method of staining bacteria to distinguish among them (1853-1938); a metric unit of weight equal to one thousandth of a kilogram
  • granuloma - a tumor composed of granulation tissue resulting from injury or inflammation or infection
  • granulomas
  • granulomatosis
  • granulomatous - relating to or characterized by granulomas
  • graph - a visual representation of the relations between certain quantities plotted with reference to a set of axes; verb represent by means of a graph; plot upon a graph
  • gravidarum
  • gravis
  • great - of major significance or importance; relatively large in size or number or extent; larger than others of its kind; remarkable or out of the ordinary in degree or magnitude or effect; in an advanced stage of pregnancy; marked by active interest and enthusiasm; very good; uppercase;  a person who has achieved distinction and honor in some field
  • greater -  greater in size or importance or degree
  • gren
  • grill - a framework of metal bars used as a partition or a grate; a restaurant where food is cooked on a grill; verb cook over a grill
  • grinding - a harsh and strident sound (as of the grinding of gears); matter resulting from the process of grinding; the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
  • group - any number of entities (members) considered as a unit; a set that is closed, associative, has an identity element and every element has an inverse; (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule; verb arrange into a group or groups; form a group or group together
  • growths
  • guided - subject to guidance or control especially after launching
  • guidelines
  • guides
  • guillain
  • gutter - a channel along the eaves or on the roof; collects and carries away rainwater; a tool for gutting fish; a worker who guts things (fish or buildings or cars etc.); misfortune resulting in lost effort or money; verb provide with gutters; wear or cut gutters into; flow in small streams; burn unsteadily, feebly, or low; flicker
  • gutters
  • gynecologic - of or relating to or practicing gynecology
  • gynecology - the branch of medicine that deals with the diseases and hygiene of women
  • gynecomastia - excessive development of the breasts in males; usually the result of hormonal imbalance or treatment with certain drugs (including some antihypertensives)
  • hacek - a diacritical mark (an inverted circumflex) placed above certain letters (such as the letter c) to indicate pronunciation
  • haemophilus
  • hair - a filamentous projection or process on an organism; any of the cylindrical filaments characteristically growing from the epidermis of a mammal; a covering for the body (or parts of it) consisting of a dense growth of threadlike structures (as on the human head); helps to prevent heat loss; filamentous hairlike growth on a plant; cloth woven from horsehair or camelhair; used for upholstery or stiffening in garments; a very small distance or space
  • hairiness - the quality of having hair
  • hairs
  • halitosis - offensive breath
  • hallucinogens
  • hallux - the first largest innermost toe
  • haloperidol -  tranquilizer (trade name Haldol) used to treat some psychotic disorders and Tourette's syndrome
  • hamstring - one of the tendons at the back of the knee; verb cripple by cutting the hamstring; make ineffective or powerless
  • handling - the action of touching with the hands (or the skillful use of the hands) or by the use of mechanical means; manual (or mechanical) carrying or moving or delivering or working with something; the management of someone or something
  • hantavirus
  • harris - publisher of the first newspaper printed in America (1673-1713); British marshal of the Royal Air Force; during World War II he directed mass bombing raids against German cities that resulted in heavy civilian casualties (1892-1984); Irish writer noted for his sexually explicit but unreliable autobiography (1856-1931); United States diplomat who was instrumental in opening Japan to foreign trade (1804-1878)
  • hartnup
  • hashimoto
  • headache - pain in the head caused by dilation of cerebral arteries or muscle contractions or a reaction to drugs; something or someone that causes anxiety; a source of unhappiness
  • headaches
  • headedness
  • health - the general condition of body and mind; a healthy state of wellbeing free from disease
  • hearing - able to perceive sound;  (law) a proceeding (usually by a court) where evidence is taken for the purpose of determining an issue of fact and reaching a decision based on that evidence; the ability to hear; the auditory faculty; a session (of a committee or grand jury) in which witnesses are called and testimony is taken; an opportunity to state your case and be heard; the act of hearing attentively; the range within which a voice can be heard
  • hearts - a form of whist in which players avoid winning tricks containing hearts or the queen of spades
  • heartworm
  • heatstroke - collapse caused by exposure to excessive heat
  • heel - the bottom of a shoe or boot; the back part of a shoe or boot that touches the ground and provides elevation; (golf) the part of the clubhead where it joins the shaft; the lower end of a ship's mast; the back part of the human foot; one of the crusty ends of a loaf of bread; someone who is morally reprehensible; verb put a new heel on; strike with the heel of the club; perform with the heels; follow at the heels of a person; tilt to one side
  • height - the vertical dimension of extension; distance from the base of something to the top; (of a standing person) the distance from head to foot; elevation especially above sea level or above the earth's surface; the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
  • heimlich
  • helicobacter
  • helminthic - capable of expelling or destroying parasitic worms;  a medication capable of causing the evacuation of parasitic intestinal worms
  • helping - an individual quantity of food or drink taken as part of a meal
  • hemangiomas
  • hematologic - of or relating to or involved in hematology
  • hematology - the branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the blood and blood-forming organs
  • hematoma - a localized swelling filled with blood
  • hematomas
  • hematopoietic - pertaining to the formation of blood or blood cells
  • hematospermia
  • hematuria - the presence of blood in the urine; often a symptom of urinary tract disease
  • hemiballismus
  • hemifacial
  • hemispheres
  • hemochromatosis - pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues; characterized by bronzed skin and enlarged liver and diabetes mellitus and abnormalities of the pancreas and the joints
  • hemodialysis - dialysis of the blood to remove toxic substances or metabolic wastes from the bloodstream; used in the case of kidney failure
  • hemofiltration
  • hemoglobin - a hemoprotein composed of globin and heme that gives red blood cells their characteristic color; function primarily to transport oxygen from the lungs to the body tissues
  • hemoglobinopathies
  • hemoglobinuria - presence of hemoglobin in the urine
  • hemolysis - lysis of erythrocytes with the release of hemoglobin
  • hemolytic - relating to or involving or causing hemolysis
  • hemophagocytic
  • hemophilia - congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son
  • hemoptysis - coughing up blood from the respiratory tract; usually indicates a severe infection of the bronchi or lungs
  • hemorrhage - flow of blood from a ruptured blood vessels; verb lose blood from one's body
  • hemorrhages
  • hemorrhagic - of or relating to a hemorrhage
  • hemorrhoid - pain caused by venous swelling at or inside the anal sphincter
  • hemorrhoids
  • hemosiderosis - abnormal deposit of hemosiderin; often a symptom of thalassemia or hemochromatosis
  • hemostasis - surgical procedure of stopping the flow of blood (as with a hemostat)
  • hemothorax - accumulation of blood in the pleural cavity (the space between the lungs and the walls of the chest)
  • hennepin
  • hepa
  • heparin - a polysaccharide produced in basophils (especially in the lung and liver) and that inhibits the activity of thrombin in coagulation of the blood; it (trade names Lipo-Hepin and Liquaemin) is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis and in heart surgery
  • hepatic - pertaining to or affecting the liver;  any of numerous small green nonvascular plants of the class Hepaticopsida growing in wet places and resembling green seaweeds or leafy mosses
  • hepatis
  • hepatitis - inflammation of the liver caused by a virus or a toxin
  • hepatocellular
  • hepatopathy
  • hepatopulmonary
  • hepb
  • hereditary - inherited or inheritable by established rules (usually legal rules) of descent; tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • hernia - rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
  • hernias
  • herniated
  • herniation - rupture in smooth muscle tissue through which a bodily structure protrudes
  • herpangina
  • herpes - any of the animal viruses that cause painful blisters on the skin; viral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
  • herpesvirus
  • herpesviruses
  • herpetic
  • herpetiformis
  • hesitating - lacking decisiveness of character; unable to act or decide quickly or firmly
  • heterophyiasis
  • hfmd
  • hiatus - a missing piece (as a gap in a manuscript); a natural opening or perforation through a bone or a membranous structure; an interruption in the intensity or amount of something
  • hiccups
  • hide -  body covering of a living animal; the dressed skin of an animal (especially a large animal); verb prevent from being seen or discovered; be or go into hiding; keep out of sight, as for protection and safety; make undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing; cover as if with a shroud
  • hidradenitis
  • higashi
  • higher - of education beyond the secondary level; advanced in complexity or elaboration
  • hipaa
  • hippel
  • hirschhorn
  • hirschsprung - Danish pediatrician (1830-1916)
  • hirsutism - excessive hairiness
  • histiocytic
  • histiocytosis - a blood disease characterized by an abnormal multiplication of macrophages
  • histology -  the branch of biology that studies the microscopic structure of animal or plant tissues
  • histoplasmosis
  • history - the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge; a record or narrative description of past events; the aggregate of past events; the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future
  • histrionic - characteristic of acting or a stage performance; often affected
  • hives - an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to insect bites or food or drugs
  • hler
  • hnpp
  • hoarding - large outdoor signboard
  • hodgkin - English physiologist who, with Andrew Huxley, discovered the role of potassium and sodium atoms in the transmission of the nerve impulse (born in 1914); English chemist (born in Egypt) who used crystallography to study the structure of organic compounds (1910-1994); English physician who first described Hodgkin's disease (1798-1866)
  • holding - the act of retaining something; something owned; any tangible or intangible possession that is owned by someone
  • holter
  • homeopathy - a method of treating disease with small amounts of remedies that, in large amounts in healthy people, produce symptoms similar to those being treated
  • homes
  • homocystinuria
  • homunculus - a tiny fully formed individual that (according to the discredited theory of preformation) is supposed to be present in the sperm cell; a person who is very small but who is not otherwise deformed or abnormal
  • hooks -  large strong hand (as of a fighter)
  • hookworm - parasitic bloodsucking roundworms having hooked mouth parts to fasten to the intestinal wall of human and other hosts; infestation of the intestines by hookworms which enter the body (usually) through the skin
  • hopkins - Welsh film actor (born in 1937); English biochemist who did pioneering work that led to the discovery of vitamins (1861-1947); English poet (1844-1889); United States financier and philanthropist who left money to found the university and hospital that bear his name in Baltimore (1795-1873); United States educator and theologian (1802-1887)
  • hordeolum - an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  • hormonal - of or relating to or caused by hormones
  • hormone - the secretion of an endocrine gland that is transmitted by the blood to the tissue on which it has a specific effect
  • hormones
  • horner
  • hornet - large stinging paper wasp
  • hospice - a program of medical and emotional care for the terminally ill; a lodging for travelers (especially one kept by a monastic order)
  • hospital - a health facility where patients receive treatment; a medical institution where sick or injured people are given medical or surgical care
  • hospitalization - placing in medical care in a hospital; the condition of being treated as a patient in a hospital; a period of time when you are confined to a hospital; insurance that pays all or part of a patient's hospital expense
  • hours - an indefinite period of time; a period of time assigned for work
  • htlv
  • human - having human form or attributes as opposed to those of animals or divine beings; characteristic of humanity; relating to a person;  any living or extinct member of the family Hominidae characterized by superior intelligence, articulate speech, and erect carriage
  • humans -  all of the living human inhabitants of the earth
  • humeral
  • humerus - bone extending from the shoulder to the elbow
  • humor - the trait of appreciating (and being able to express) the humorous; the quality of being funny; (Middle Ages) one of the four fluids in the body whose balance was believed to determine your emotional and physical state; the liquid parts of the body; a message whose ingenuity or verbal skill or incongruity has the power to evoke laughter; a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling; verb put into a good mood
  • huntington - a city of western West Virginia on the Ohio river at the mouth of the Kanawha; United States railroad executive who built the western section of the first United States transcontinental railroad (1821-1900); American revolutionary leader who signed the Declaration of Independence and was president of the Continental Congress (1731-1796); United States physician who first described Huntington's chorea
  • hurts
  • husband -  a married man; a woman's partner in marriage; verb use cautiously and frugally
  • hydatidiform
  • hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
  • hydrocele - disorder in which serous fluid accumulates in a body sac (especially in the scrotum)
  • hydrocephalus - an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face; in adults the symptoms are primarily neurological
  • hydrocortisone -  an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • hydrogen - a nonmetallic univalent element that is normally a colorless and odorless highly flammable diatomic gas; the simplest and lightest and most abundant element in the universe
  • hydronephrosis - accumulation of urine in the kidney because of an obstruction in the ureter
  • hydroxybutyrate
  • hydroxylase
  • hymenolepis
  • hyper
  • hyperactivity - a condition characterized by excessive restlessness and movement
  • hyperaldosteronism - a condition caused by overproduction of aldosterone
  • hyperbilirubinemia - abnormally high amounts of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood
  • hypercalcemia - the presence of abnormally high levels of calcium in the blood; usually the result of excessive bone resorption in hyperparathyroidism or Paget's disease
  • hyperemesis - severe and excessive vomiting
  • hypereosinophilic
  • hyperglycemia - abnormally high blood sugar usually associated with diabetes
  • hyperglycemic
  • hyperhidrosis - excessive and profuse perspiration
  • hyperhomocysteinemia
  • hyperkalemia - higher than normal levels of potassium in the circulating blood; associated with kidney failure or sometimes with the use of diuretic drugs
  • hyperkinesias
  • hypermagnesemia
  • hypernatremia - excessive amounts of sodium in the blood; possibly indicating diabetes insipidus
  • hyperosmolar
  • hyperostoses
  • hyperphosphatemia
  • hyperpigmentation - unusual darkening of the skin
  • hyperplasia - abnormal increase in number of cells
  • hyperproteinemia
  • hypersensitivity - extreme sensitivity; pathological sensitivity
  • hypersomnia - an inability to stay awake
  • hypersplenism - enlarged spleen and a decrease in one or more types of blood cells; associated with many disorders
  • hypertension - a common disorder in which blood pressure remains abnormally high (a reading of 140/90 mm Hg or greater)
  • hypertensive - having abnormally high blood pressure;  a person who has abnormally high blood pressure
  • hyperthermia - abnormally high body temperature; sometimes induced (as in treating some forms of cancer)
  • hyperthyroidism - an overactive thyroid gland; pathologically excessive production of thyroid hormones or the condition resulting from excessive production of thyroid hormones
  • hypertrichosis
  • hypertriglyceridemia
  • hypertrophic
  • hypertrophy - abnormal enlargement of a body part or organ; verb undergo hypertrophy
  • hyperventilation - an increased depth and rate of breathing greater than demanded by the body needs; can cause dizziness and tingling of the fingers and toes and chest pain if continued
  • hyperviscosity
  • hyphema - bleeding into the interior chamber of the eye
  • hypnotherapy - the use of hypnosis in psychotherapy
  • hypoalbumin
  • hypocalcemia - abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
  • hypogammaglobulinemia - an abnormally low concentration of gamma globulin in the blood and increased risk of infection
  • hypoglossal - supplies intrinsic muscles of the tongue and other tongue muscles
  • hypoglycemia - abnormally low blood sugar usually resulting from excessive insulin or a poor diet
  • hypogonadism - incompetence of the gonads (especially in the male with low testosterone); results in deficient development of secondary sex characteristics and (in prepubertal males) a body with long legs and a short trunk
  • hypohidrosis
  • hypokalemia - abnormally low level of potassium in the circulating blood leading to weakness and heart abnormalities; associated with adrenal tumors or starvation or taking diuretics
  • hypolipidemia
  • hypomagnesemia
  • hyponatremia - abnormally low level of sodium in the blood; associated with dehydration
  • hypophosphatasia
  • hypophosphatemia
  • hypophosphatemic
  • hypophysial -  of or relating to the hypophysis
  • hypopituitarism
  • hypoplasia - underdevelopment of an organ because of a decrease in the number of cells
  • hypoplastic
  • hypotension - abnormally low blood pressure
  • hypothalamic - of or relating to the hypothalamus
  • hypothermia - subnormal body temperature
  • hypothyroidism - an underactive thyroid gland; a glandular disorder resulting from insufficient production of thyroid hormones
  • hypoxemic
  • iatrogenic - induced by a physician's words or therapy (used especially of a complication resulting from treatment)
  • ichthyosis - any of several congenital diseases in which the skin is fishlike (dry and scaly)
  • ideal - constituting or existing only in the form of an idea or mental image or conception; conforming to an ultimate standard of perfection or excellence; embodying an ideal; of or relating to the philosophical doctrine of the reality of ideas;  the idea of something that is perfect; something that one hopes to attain; model of excellence or perfection of a kind; one having no equal
  • identification - the attribution to yourself (consciously or unconsciously) of the characteristics of another person (or group of persons); evidence of identity; something that identifies a person or thing; the condition of having your identity established; the act of designating or identifying something; the process of recognizing something or someone by remembering
  • identifying - serving to distinguish or identify a species or group
  • identity - the distinct personality of an individual regarded as a persisting entity; exact sameness; the individual characteristics by which a thing or person is recognized or known; an operator that leaves unchanged the element on which it operates
  • idiopathic - (of diseases) arising from an unknown cause
  • igav
  • iguana - large herbivorous tropical American arboreal lizards with a spiny crest along the back; used as human food in Central America and South America
  • ileus - blockage of the intestine (especially the ileum) that prevents the contents of the intestine from passing to the lower bowel
  • illness - impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism
  • illnesses
  • imagery - the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • imaging - (medicine) obtaining pictures of the interior of the body; the ability to form mental images of things or events
  • immersion - a form of baptism in which part or all of a person's body is submerged; the act of wetting something by submerging it; complete attention; intense mental effort; (astronomy) the disappearance of a celestial body prior to an eclipse; sinking until covered completely with water
  • immobilization - the act of limiting movement or making incapable of movement; fixation (as by a plaster cast) of a body part in order to promote proper healing
  • immobilizer
  • immobilizing - the act of limiting movement or making incapable of movement
  • immune - (usually followed by `to') not affected by a given influence; relating to or conferring immunity (to disease or infection); secure against; relating to the condition of immunity;  a person who is immune to a particular infection
  • immunity - the quality of being unaffected by something; (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease; an act exempting someone; the state of not being susceptible
  • immunization - the act of making immune (especially by inoculation)
  • immunocompromised - unable to develop a normal immune response usually because of malnutrition or immunodeficiency or immunosuppressive therapy
  • immunodeficiency - immunological disorder in which some part of the body's immune system is inadequate and resistance to infectious diseases is reduced
  • immunodiagnosis
  • immunoglobulin - a class of proteins produced in lymph tissue in vertebrates and that function as antibodies in the immune response
  • immunoglobulins
  • immunologic - of or relating to immunology
  • immunology - the branch of medical science that studies the body's immune system
  • immunotactoid
  • immunotherapeutics
  • immunotherapy - therapy designed to produce immunity to a disease or to enhance resistance by the immune system
  • impacted - wedged or packed in together
  • impaired - diminished in strength, quality, or utility; mentally or physically unfit
  • impairment - damage that results in a reduction of strength or quality; the act of making something futile and useless (as by routine); the occurrence of a change for the worse; the condition of being unable to perform as a consequence of physical or mental unfitness; a symptom of reduced quality or strength
  • imperfecta
  • impetigo - a very contagious infection of the skin; common in children; localized redness develops into small blisters that gradually crust and erode
  • implant - a prosthesis placed permanently in tissue; verb become attached to and embedded in the uterus; fix or set securely or deeply; put firmly in the mind
  • implantable
  • implants
  • importance -  the quality of being important and worthy of note; a prominent status
  • imposed - set forth authoritatively as obligatory
  • impulse - the act of applying force suddenly; an impelling force or strength; the electrical discharge that travels along a nerve fiber; (electronics) a sharp transient wave in the normal electrical state (or a series of such transients); a sudden desire; an instinctive motive
  • inability - lacking the power to perform; lack of ability (especially mental ability) to do something
  • inappropriate -  not suitable for a particular occasion etc; not in keeping with what is correct or proper
  • inappropriate - not suitable for a particular occasion etc; not in keeping with what is correct or proper
  • inborn - normally existing at birth; present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development
  • incapacity - lack of physical or natural qualifications; lack of intellectual power
  • incendiary - capable of catching fire spontaneously or causing fires or burning readily; arousing to action or rebellion; involving deliberate burning of property;  a bomb that is designed to start fires; is most effective against flammable targets (such as fuel); a criminal who illegally sets fire to property
  • incentive - a positive motivational influence; an additional payment (or other remuneration) to employees as a means of increasing output
  • incidents
  • incise - verb make an incision into by carving or cutting
  • incisions
  • included -  enclosed in the same envelope or package
  • including
  • inclusion - the act of including; the relation of comprising something; the state of being included; any small intracellular body found within another (characteristic of certain diseases)
  • inclusive - including much or everything; and especially including stated limits
  • incompatibility - the quality of being unable to exist or work in congenial combination; the relation between propositions that cannot both be true at the same time; (immunology) the degree to which the body's immune system will try to reject foreign material (as transfused blood or transplanted tissue)
  • incompletely - not to a full degree or extent
  • incontinence - involuntary urination or defecation; indiscipline with regard to sensuous pleasures
  • increase - the act of increasing something; the amount by which something increases; a change resulting in an increase; a process of becoming larger or longer or more numerous or more important; a quantity that is added; verb make bigger or more; become bigger or greater in amount
  • increasing - becoming greater or larger; music
  • incurable - unalterable in disposition or habits; incapable of being cured;  a person whose disease is incurable
  • indigestion - a disorder of digestive function characterized by discomfort or heartburn or nausea
  • indirect -  not direct in spatial dimension; not leading by a straight line or course to a destination; extended senses; not direct in manner or language or behavior or action; having intervening factors or persons or influences; not as a direct effect or consequence; descended from a common ancestor but through different lines
  • indirect - not direct in spatial dimension; not leading by a straight line or course to a destination; extended senses; not direct in manner or language or behavior or action; having intervening factors or persons or influences; not as a direct effect or consequence; descended from a common ancestor but through different lines
  • induce - verb reason or establish by induction; cause to do; cause to act in a specified manner; cause to arise; cause to occur rapidly; produce electric current by electrostatic or magnetic processes
  • induced - brought about or caused; not spontaneous
  • induction - the act of bringing about something (especially at an early time); an electrical phenomenon whereby an electromotive force (EMF) is generated in a closed circuit by a change in the flow of current; an act that sets in motion some course of events; reasoning from detailed facts to general principles; stimulation that calls up (draws forth) a particular class of behaviors; a formal entry into an organization or position or office
  • infancy - the earliest state of immaturity; the early stage of growth or development
  • infant - a very young child (birth to 1 year) who has not yet begun to walk or talk
  • infantile - being or befitting or characteristic of an infant; of or relating to infants or infancy; indicating a lack of maturity
  • infants
  • infantum
  • infarction - localized necrosis resulting from obstruction of the blood supply
  • infected - containing or resulting from disease-causing organisms
  • infections
  • infectiosum
  • infectious - easily spread; caused by infection or capable of causing infection; of or relating to infection
  • infective - able to cause disease; caused by infection or capable of causing infection
  • infertility - the state of being unable to produce offspring; in a woman it is an inability to conceive; in a man it is an inability to impregnate
  • infestation - a swarm of insects that attack plants; the state of being invaded or overrun by parasites
  • infiltration - a process in which individuals (or small groups) penetrate an area (especially the military penetration of enemy positions without detection); the slow passage of a liquid through a filtering medium
  • inflammation - arousal to violent emotion; a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat; the act of setting something on fire; the state of being emotionally aroused and worked up
  • inflammatory - characterized or caused by inflammation; arousing to action or rebellion
  • influences
  • influenza -  an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  • influenza - an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  • influenzae
  • infographic
  • informed - having much knowledge or education
  • infraclavicular
  • infraorbital
  • infrapatellar
  • infusate
  • ingestion - the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
  • ingrown - growing abnormally into the flesh
  • inguinal - of or relating to or near the groin
  • inguinale
  • inhalation - the act of inhaling; the drawing in of air (or other gases) as in breathing; a medication to be taken by inhaling it
  • inhaler - a dispenser that produces a chemical vapor to be inhaled in order to relieve nasal congestion
  • inheritance - hereditary succession to a title or an office or property; any attribute or immaterial possession that is inherited from ancestors; (genetics) attributes acquired via biological heredity from the parents; that which is inherited; a title or property or estate that passes by law to the heir on the death of the owner
  • inherited - tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • inhibit - verb limit the range or extent of; to put down by force or authority
  • initial - occurring at the beginning;  the first letter of a word (especially a person's name); verb mark with one's initials
  • initiation - the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new; a formal entry into an organization or position or office; an act that sets in motion some course of events; wisdom as evidenced by the possession of knowledge
  • inject - verb give an injection to; to introduce (a new aspect or element); feed intravenously; take by injection; force or drive (a fluid or gas) into by piercing; to insert between other elements
  • injection - the forceful insertion of a substance under pressure; the act of putting a liquid into the body by means of a syringe; any solution that is injected (as into the skin)
  • injections
  • injuries
  • injury - an act that injures someone; an accident that results in physical damage or hurt; any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.; a casualty to military personnel resulting from combat
  • innate - present at birth but not necessarily hereditary; acquired during fetal development; being talented through inherited qualities; not established by conditioning or learning
  • inner - inside or closer to the inside of the body; located or occurring within or closer to a center; located inward; innermost or essential; exclusive to a center; especially a center of influence; confined to an exclusive group
  • innervation - the distribution of nerve fibers to an organ or body region; the neural or electrical arousal of an organ or muscle or gland
  • insect - small air-breathing arthropod; a person who has a nasty or unethical character undeserving of respect
  • insecticide - a chemical used to kill insects
  • insert - an artifact that is inserted or is to be inserted; a folded section placed between the leaves of another publication; (film) a still picture that is introduced and that interrupts the action of a film; (broadcasting) a local ancement inserted into a network program; verb introduce; put or introduce into something; insert casually; fit snugly into
  • insertion - the act of putting one thing into another; a message (spoken or written) that is introduced or inserted
  • inside - away from the outer edge; being or applying to the inside of a building; relating to or being on the side closer to the center or within a defined space; confined to an exclusive group;  within a building; on the inside; in reality; with respect to private feelings;  the inner or enclosed surface of something; the region that is inside of something
  • insipidus
  • insomnia - an inability to sleep; chronic sleeplessness
  • instead - adv. in place of, or as an alternative to; on the contrary
  • institute - an association organized to promote art or science or education; verb advance or set forth in court; set up or lay the groundwork for
  • insufficiency - lack of an adequate quantity or number; (pathology) inability of a bodily part or organ to function normally; a lack of competence
  • insulating
  • insulinoma
  • insurance - promise of reimbursement in the case of loss; paid to people or companies so concerned about hazards that they have made prepayments to an insurance company; written contract or certificate of insurance; protection against future loss
  • intake - an opening through which fluid is admitted to a tube or container; the process of taking food into the body through the mouth (as by eating)
  • integrative - combining and coordinating diverse elements into a whole; tending to consolidate
  • intellectual - appealing to or using the intellect; of or associated with or requiring the use of the mind; of or relating to the intellect; involving intelligence rather than emotions or instinct;  a person who uses the mind creatively
  • interactions
  • interchangeability - the quality of being capable of exchange or interchange
  • interdigital
  • intermittent - stopping and starting at irregular intervals; stopping and starting at regular intervals
  • internal - happening or arising or located within some limits or especially surface; occurring within an institution or community; located inward; inside the country; innermost or essential
  • international - concerning or belonging to all or at least two or more nations; from or between other countries;  any of several international socialist organizations
  • internuclear
  • interpretation - an explanation of something that is not immediately obvious; a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something; an explanation that results from interpreting something; the act of interpreting something as expressed in an artistic performance
  • interstitial - of or relating to interstices
  • intertrigo - chafing between two skin surfaces that are in contact (as in the armpit or under the breasts or between the thighs)
  • interval - the distance between things; a set containing all points (or all real numbers) between two given endpoints; the difference in pitch between two notes; a definite length of time marked off by two instants
  • intervention - (law) a proceeding that permits a person to enter into a lawsuit already in progress; admission of person not an original party to the suit so that person can protect some right or interest that is allegedly affected by the proceedings; the act of intervening (as to mediate a dispute); a policy of intervening in the affairs of other countries
  • interventions
  • intestinal - of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • intestine - the part of the alimentary canal between the stomach and the anus
  • intestines
  • intimacy - close or warm friendship; a feeling of being intimate and belonging together; a usually secretive or illicit sexual relationship
  • into
  • intolerance - impatience with annoyances; unwillingness to recognize and respect differences in opinions or beliefs
  • intoxicants
  • intra
  • intracerebral - within the brain
  • intracranial - within the skull
  • intraocular
  • intraosseous
  • intrauterine - within the womb
  • intravascular
  • intravenous - within or by means of a vein
  • intrinsic - situated within or belonging solely to the organ or body part on which it acts; belonging to a thing by its very nature
  • introduction - the act of beginning something new; the first section of a communication; a basic or elementary instructional text; a new proposal; the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new; the act of putting one thing into another; formally making a person known to another or to the public
  • intubation - the insertion of a cannula or tube into a hollow body organ
  • intussusception - (biology) growth in the surface area of a cell by the deposit of new particles between existing particles in the cell wall; the folding in of an outer layer so as to form a pocket in the surface
  • invasion - the act of invading; the act of an army that invades for conquest or plunder; (pathology) the spread of pathogenic microorganisms or malignant cells to new sites in the body; any entry into an area not previously occupied
  • invasive - marked by a tendency to spread especially into healthy tissue; relating to a technique in which the body is entered by puncture or incision; gradually intrusive without right or permission; involving invasion or aggressive attack
  • inverted - being in such a position that top and bottom are reversed; (of a plant ovule) completely inverted; turned back 180 degrees on its stalk
  • involuntary - not subject to the control of the will; controlled by the autonomic nervous system; without conscious control
  • involving
  • iodine - a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks); a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
  • ipex
  • iridocyclitis - inflammation of the iris and ciliary body of the eye
  • iritis - inflammation of the iris
  • iron - extremely robust;  home appliance consisting of a flat metal base that is heated and used to smooth cloth; a golf club that has a relatively narrow metal head; implement used to brand live stock; a heavy ductile magnetic metallic element; is silver-white in pure form but readily rusts; used in construction and tools and armament; plays a role in the transport of oxygen by the blood; verb press and smooth with a heated iron
  • irrigate - verb supply with a constant flow or sprinkling of some liquid, for the purpose of cooling, cleansing, or disinfecting; supply with water, as with channels or ditches or streams
  • irrigation - (medicine) cleaning a wound or body organ by flushing or washing out with water or a medicated solution; supplying dry land with water by means of ditches etc
  • irritable - abnormally sensitive to a stimulus; easily irritated or annoyed; capable of responding to stimuli
  • irritant - something that causes irritation and annoyance
  • isaacs
  • ischemia - local anemia in a given body part sometimes resulting from vasoconstriction or thrombosis or embolism
  • ischemic - relating to or affected by ischemia
  • islet - a small island
  • isolated - not close together in time; under forced isolation especially for health reasons; cut off or left behind; remote and separate physically or socially; being or feeling set or kept apart from others; marked by separation of or from usually contiguous elements
  • issues
  • itch - an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch; a strong restless desire; a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation; verb have a strong desire or urge to do something; have or perceive an itch; scrape or rub as if to relieve itching
  • itching - an irritating cutaneous sensation that produces a desire to scratch
  • iuds
  • jakob
  • japanese - of or relating to or characteristic of Japan or its people or their culture or language;  the language (usually considered to be Altaic) spoken by the Japanese; a native or inhabitant of Japan
  • jaundice - yellowing of the skin and the whites of the eyes caused by an accumulation of bile pigment (bilirubin) in the blood; can be a symptom of gallstones or liver infection or anemia; a rough and bitter manner; verb affect with, or as if with, jaundice; distort adversely
  • jeghers
  • jejunoileal
  • jellyfish - any of numerous usually marine and free-swimming coelenterates that constitute the sexually reproductive forms of hydrozoans and scyphozoans; large siphonophore having a bladderlike float and stinging tentacles
  • jirovecii
  • jock - a support for the genitals worn by men engaging in strenuous exercise; a person trained to compete in sports
  • johns - United States artist and proponent of pop art (born in 1930)
  • johnson - 17th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Lincoln when Lincoln was assassinated; was impeached but acquitted by one vote (1808-1875); 36th President of the United States; was elected vice president and succeeded Kennedy when Kennedy was assassinated (1908-1973); English writer and lexicographer (1709-1784)
  • joints
  • jointtmj
  • jugular - relating to or located in the region of the neck or throat;  a vital part that is vulnerable to attack; veins in the neck that return blood from the head
  • july - the month following June and preceding August
  • junction - an act of joining or adjoining things; the place where two or more things come together; something that joins or connects; the state of being joined together; the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made
  • june - the month following May and preceding July
  • juvenile - of or relating to or characteristic of or appropriate for children or young people; displaying or suggesting a lack of maturity;  a youthful person
  • kaposi
  • kava - an alcoholic drink made from the aromatic roots of the kava shrub
  • kawasaki
  • keloids
  • keratitis - inflammation of the cornea causing watery painful eyes and blurred vision
  • keratoacanthoma - skin tumor that grows rapidly (especially in older people) and resembles a carcinoma but does not spread; it usually disappears spontaneously, often leaving a scar
  • keratoacanthomas
  • keratoconjunctivitis - inflammation of the cornea and conjunctiva
  • keratoconus - abnormal cone-shaped protrusion of the cornea of the eye; can be treated by epikeratophakia
  • keratodermas
  • keratomalacia - softening and drying and ulceration of the cornea resulting from vitamin A deficiency; symptom of cystic fibrosis or sprue
  • keratopathy
  • keratoses
  • keratosis - a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
  • kernicterus - an abnormal accumulation of bile pigment in the brain and other nerve tissue; causes yellow staining and tissue damage
  • ketamine - a general anesthetic and tranquilizer (not a barbiturate) that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly; used mainly by veterinarians or for minor surgery with geriatric or pediatric patients; taken in large doses it causes hallucinations similar to those associated with the use of PCP
  • ketoacidosis - acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
  • ketone - any of a class of organic compounds having a carbonyl group linked to a carbon atom in each of two hydrocarbon radicals
  • keyboard - holder consisting of an arrangement of hooks on which keys or locks can be hung; device consisting of a set of keys on a piano or organ or typewriter or typesetting machine or computer or the like
  • kidney - either of two bean-shaped excretory organs that filter wastes (especially urea) from the blood and excrete them and water in urine
  • kidneys
  • kienb
  • kinetics - the branch of mechanics concerned with the forces that cause motions of bodies
  • kingella
  • klebsiella - a genus of nonmotile rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; some cause respiratory and other infections
  • klinefelter - United States physician who first described the XXY-syndrome (born in 1912)
  • knee - the part of a trouser leg that provides the cloth covering for the knee; hinge joint in the human leg connecting the tibia and fibula with the femur and protected in front by the patella; joint between the femur and tibia in a quadruped; corresponds to the human knee
  • kneecap - a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint; verb shoot in the kneecap, often done by terrorist groups as a warning
  • knees
  • knocked
  • knowledge - the psychological result of perception and learning and reasoning
  • korsakoff
  • krabbe
  • kuru - 100 kurus equal 1 lira in Turkey; a progressive disease of the central nervous system marked by increasing lack of coordination and advancing to paralysis and death within a year of the appearance of symptoms; thought to have been transmitted by cannibalistic consumption of diseased brain tissue since the disease virtually disappeared when cannibalism was abandoned
  • kyphosis - an abnormal backward curve to the vertebral column
  • labeled - bearing or marked with a label or tag
  • labels
  • laboratory - a workplace for the conduct of scientific research; a region resembling a laboratory inasmuch as it offers opportunities for observation and practice and experimentation
  • labral
  • labyrinthine -  resembling a labyrinth in form or complexity; relating to or affecting or originating in the inner ear
  • labyrinthitis - inflammation of the inner ear; can cause vertigo and vomiting
  • laceration - the act of lacerating; a torn ragged wound
  • lacerations
  • lack - the state of needing something that is absent or unavailable; verb be without
  • lacrimal -  relating to or located near the organ that produces tears; of or relating to tears
  • lacrimal - relating to or located near the organ that produces tears; of or relating to tears
  • lactams
  • lactic - of or relating to or obtained from milk (especially sour milk or whey)
  • lactose - a sugar comprising one glucose molecule linked to a galactose molecule; occurs only in milk
  • lambert - English composer and conductor (1905-1951); a cgs unit of illumination equal to the brightness of a perfectly diffusing surface that emits or reflects one lumen per square centimeter
  • laminal -  arranged in or consisting of laminae
  • lamp - an artificial source of visible illumination; a piece of furniture holding one or more electric light bulbs
  • langerhans
  • laparoscopy - laparotomy performed with a laparoscope that makes a small incision to examine the abdominal cavity (especially the ovaries and Fallopian tubes)
  • large - having broad power and range and scope; above average in size or number or quantity or magnitude or extent; fairly large or important in effect; influential; in an advanced stage of pregnancy; conspicuous in position or importance; generous and understanding and tolerant; ostentatiously lofty in style;  with the wind abaft the beam; at a distance, wide of something (as of a mark); in a boastful manner;  a garment size for a large person
  • larva - the immature free-living form of most invertebrates and amphibians and fish which at hatching from the egg is fundamentally unlike its parent and must metamorphose
  • laryngeal - of or relating to or situated in the larynx
  • laryngitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx; characterized by hoarseness or loss of voice and coughing
  • laryngoceles
  • laryngoscopy
  • lassa - the sacred city of Lamaism; known as the Forbidden City for its former inaccessibility and hostility to strangers
  • lasting - lasting a long time without change; existing for a long time; continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place; retained; not shed
  • lastmod
  • later - coming at a subsequent time or stage; at or toward an end or late period or stage of development;  comparative of the adverb `late'; happening at a time subsequent to a reference time; at some eventual time in the future
  • lateral -  lying away from the median and sagittal plane of a body; situated at or extending to the side;  a pass to a receiver upfield from the passer
  • lateral - lying away from the median and sagittal plane of a body; situated at or extending to the side;  a pass to a receiver upfield from the passer
  • laurel -  (antiquity) a wreath of laurel foliage worn on the head as an emblem of victory; United States slapstick comedian (born in England) who played the scatterbrained and often tearful member of the Laurel and Hardy duo who made many films (1890-1965); any of various aromatic trees of the laurel family
  • laxa
  • lean - not profitable or prosperous; lacking in mineral content or combustible material; containing little excess; lacking excess flesh;  the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical; verb rely on for support; cause to lean or incline; to incline or bend from a vertical position; cause to lean to the side; have a tendency or disposition to do or be something; be inclined
  • learning - the cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge; profound scholarly knowledge
  • leep
  • lefamulin
  • legal - allowed by official rules; established by or founded upon law or official or accepted rules; having legal efficacy or force; of or relating to jurisprudence; relating to or characteristic of the profession of law
  • legg
  • legionella - the motile aerobic rod-shaped Gram-negative bacterium that thrives in central heating and air conditioning systems and can cause Legionnaires' disease
  • legs - staying power
  • leishmaniasis - sores resulting from a tropical infection by protozoa of the genus Leishmania which are spread by sandflies
  • length - a section of something that is long and narrow; the linear extent in space from one end to the other; the longest horizontal dimension of something that is fixed in place; the property of being the extent of something from beginning to end; continuance in time; size of the gap between two places
  • lenses
  • leopold
  • leprosy - chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
  • leptospirosis - an infectious disease cause by leptospira and transmitted to humans from domestic animals; characterized by jaundice and fever
  • lesions
  • less - (comparative of `little' usually used with mass s) a quantifier meaning not as great in amount or degree; (nonstandard in some uses but often idiomatic with measure phrases) fewer; (usually preceded by `no') lower in quality;  used to form the comparative of some adjectives and adverbs; comparative of little
  • leukemia - malignant neoplasm of blood-forming tissues; characterized by abnormal proliferation of leukocytes; one of the four major types of cancer
  • leukemias
  • leukocyte - blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; an important part of the body's defense system
  • leukocytosis - an abnormal increase in the number of white blood cells in the blood as a result of infection (as in leukemia)
  • leukodystrophy
  • leukoencephalopathy
  • leukopenias
  • levator - a muscle that serves to lift some body part (as the eyelid or lip)
  • levels
  • lewy
  • liability - the quality of being something that holds you back; the state of being legally obliged and responsible; an obligation to pay money to another party
  • liberation - the act of liberating someone or something; the attempt to achieve equal rights or status; the termination of someone's employment (leaving them free to depart)
  • libido - (psychoanalysis) a Freudian term for sexual urge or desire
  • lice
  • lichen - any thallophytic plant of the division Lichenes; occur as crusty patches or bushy growths on tree trunks or rocks or bare ground etc.; any of several eruptive skin diseases characterized by hard thick lesions grouped together and resembling lichens growing on rocks
  • lichenoides
  • licorice - a black candy flavored with the dried root of the licorice plant; deep-rooted coarse-textured plant native to the Mediterranean region having blue flowers and pinnately compound leaves; widely cultivated in Europe for its long thick sweet roots
  • liddle
  • ligament - any connection or unifying bond; a sheet or band of tough fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages or supporting muscles or organs
  • ligaments
  • lightning - the flash of light that accompanies an electric discharge in the atmosphere (or something resembling such a flash); can scintillate for a second or more; abrupt electric discharge from cloud to cloud or from cloud to earth accompanied by the emission of light
  • likelihood - the probability of a specified outcome
  • limb - the graduated arc that is attached to an instrument for measuring angles; either of the two halves of a bow from handle to tip; one of the jointed appendages of an animal used for locomotion or grasping: arm; leg; wing; flipper; (astronomy) the circumferential edge of the apparent disc of the sun or the moon or a planet; any of the main branches arising from the trunk or a bough of a tree; any projection that is thought to resemble a human arm
  • limbic - of or relating to or forming a limbus
  • limbs
  • lincosamides
  • lindau
  • lineage -  the descendants of one individual; inherited properties shared with others of your bloodline; a rate of payment for written material that is measured according to the number of lines submitted; the number of lines in a piece of printed material; the kinship relation between an individual and the individual's progenitors
  • linear - of or in or along or relating to a line; involving a single dimension; designating or involving an equation whose terms are of the first degree; measured lengthwise; of a leaf shape; long and narrow; of a circuit or device having an output that is proportional to the input
  • lines
  • linezolid
  • lingual -  pertaining to or resembling or lying near the tongue; consisting of or related to language;  a consonant that is produced with the tongue and other speech organs
  • linked - connected by a link, as railway cars or trailer trucks
  • links -  a golf course that is built on sand ground near a shore
  • links - a golf course that is built on sand ground near a shore
  • linolenic acid -  a liquid polyunsaturated fatty acid that occurs in some plant oils; an essential fatty acid
  • lipid - an oily organic compound insoluble in water but soluble in organic solvents; essential structural component of living cells (along with proteins and carbohydrates)
  • lipoglycopeptides
  • lipomas
  • lipoprotein - a conjugated protein having a lipid component; the principal means for transporting lipids in the blood
  • lips
  • lisfranc
  • listeriosis - an infectious disease of animals and humans (especially newborn or immunosuppressed persons) caused by the bacterium Listeria monocytogenes; in sheep and cattle the infection frequently involves the central nervous system and causes various neurological symptoms
  • living - (informal) absolute; (used of minerals or stone) in its natural state and place; not mined or quarried; still in active use; true to life; lifelike; pertaining to living persons; dwelling or inhabiting; often used in combination; still in existence;  people who are still living; the experience of being alive; the course of human events and activities; the financial means whereby one lives; the condition of living or the state of being alive
  • lizard - relatively long-bodied reptile with usually two pairs of legs and a tapering tail; a man who idles about in the lounges of hotels and bars in search of women who would support him
  • lobes
  • location - a point or extent in space; a workplace away from a studio at which some or all of a movie may be made; a determination of the place where something is; the act of putting something in a certain place
  • locked - firmly fastened or secured against opening
  • loiasis
  • loosened - straightened out
  • loosening - the act of making something less tight; an occurrence of control or strength weakening
  • losing
  • loss - the act of losing; the disadvantage that results from losing something; the experience of losing a loved one; the amount by which the cost of a business exceeds its revenue; something that is lost; gradual decline in amount or activity; euphemistic expressions for death; military personnel lost by death or capture
  • lower - the lower of two berths; verb set lower; cause to drop or sink; move something or somebody to a lower position; look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal disapproval; make lower or quieter
  • lumbar - of or relating to or near the part of the back between the ribs and the hipbones
  • lumbosacral - of or relating to or near the small of the back and the back part of the pelvis between the hips
  • lumen - a cavity or passage in a tubular organ; a unit of luminous flux equal to the amount of light given out through a solid angle of 1 steradian by a point source of 1 candela intensity radiating uniformly in all directions
  • lump - a compact mass; a large piece of something without definite shape; an awkward stupid person; abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement; verb put together indiscriminately; group or chunk together in a certain order or place side by side
  • lumps
  • lunate - resembling the new moon in shape
  • lung - either of two saclike respiratory organs in the chest of vertebrates; serves to remove carbon dioxide and provide oxygen to the blood
  • lungs
  • lupus - a constellation in the southern hemisphere near Centaurus; any of several forms of ulcerative skin disease
  • lusoria
  • lyme
  • lymph - a thin coagulable fluid (similar to plasma but) containing white blood cells (lymphocytes) and chyle; is conveyed to the blood stream by lymphatic vessels
  • lymphadenitis - inflammation of lymph nodes
  • lymphadenopathy - chronic abnormal enlargement of the lymph nodes (usually associated with disease)
  • lymphangiectasia - dilatation of a lymph vessel
  • lymphangioleiomyomatosis
  • lymphangiomas
  • lymphangitis - inflammation of a lymph vessel
  • lymphatic - of or relating to or produced by lymph
  • lymphedema - swelling (usually in the legs) caused by lymph accumulating in the tissues
  • lymphoblastic
  • lymphocyte - an agranulocytic leukocyte that normally makes up a quarter of the white blood cell count but increases in the presence of infection
  • lymphocytic - of or relating to lymphocytes
  • lymphocytopenia - an abnormally small number of lymphocytes in the circulating blood
  • lymphogranuloma - swelling of a lymph node
  • lymphohistiocytosis
  • lymphoid - resembling lymph or lymphatic tissues
  • lymphoma - a neoplasm of lymph tissue that is usually malignant; one of the four major types of cancer
  • lymphomas
  • lymphoproliferative
  • lynch - verb kill without legal sanction
  • lysosomal
  • macrocephaly - an abnormally large head; differs from hydrocephalus because there is no increased intracranial pressure and the overgrowth is symmetrical
  • macrocytic
  • macroglobulinemia
  • macrolides
  • macular
  • magnesium - a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
  • magnesiums
  • magnet - (physics) a device that attracts iron and produces a magnetic field; a characteristic that provides pleasure and attracts
  • magnetic - having the properties of a magnet; i.e. of attracting iron or steel; determined by earth's magnetic fields; capable of being magnetized; of or relating to or caused by magnetism; possessing an extraordinary ability to attract; having the properties of a magnet; the ability to draw or pull
  • magnets
  • makeup - cosmetics applied to the face to improve or change your appearance; an event that is substituted for a previously cancelled event; the way in which someone or something is composed
  • making - (usually plural) the components needed for making or doing something; the act that results in something coming to be; an attribute that must be met or complied with and that fits a person for something
  • malabsorption - abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract
  • malaria - an infective disease caused by sporozoan parasites that are transmitted through the bite of an infected Anopheles mosquito; marked by paroxysms of chills and fever
  • male - being the sex (of plant or animal) that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that perform the fertilizing function in generation; for or pertaining to or composed of men or boys; characteristic of a man;  an animal that produces gametes (spermatozoa) that can fertilize female gametes (ova); the capital of Maldives in the center of the islands; a person who belongs to the sex that cannot have babies
  • males
  • malformations
  • malformed - so badly formed or out of shape as to be ugly
  • malignancy - (medicine) a malignant state; progressive and resistant to treatment and tending to cause death; quality of being disposed to evil; intense ill will
  • malignant - dangerous to health; characterized by progressive and uncontrolled growth (especially of a tumor)
  • mallampati
  • mallet - a tool resembling a hammer but with a large head (usually wooden); used to drive wedges or ram down paving stones or for crushing or beating or flattening or smoothing; a light drumstick with a rounded head that is used to strike percussion instruments; a sports implement with a long handle and a head like a hammer; used in sports (polo or croquet) to hit a ball
  • mallory
  • malocclusion - (dentistry) a condition in which the opposing teeth do not mesh normally
  • malpractice - a wrongful act that the actor had no right to do; improper professional conduct; professional wrongdoing that results in injury or damage
  • malrotation
  • maltreatment - cruel or inhumane treatment
  • mammal - any warm-blooded vertebrate having the skin more or less covered with hair; young are born alive except for the small subclass of monotremes and nourished with milk
  • mammography - a diagnostic procedure to detect breast tumors by the use of X rays
  • management - the act of managing something; those in charge of running a business
  • mandible - the jaw in vertebrates that is hinged to open the mouth
  • mandibular -  relating to the lower jaw
  • mandibular - relating to the lower jaw
  • maneuver - an action aimed at evading an opponent; a move made to gain a tactical end; a deliberate coordinated movement requiring dexterity and skill; a military training exercise; a plan for attaining a particular goal; verb act in order to achieve a certain goal; perform a movement in military or naval tactics in order to secure an advantage in attack or defense; direct the course; determine the direction of travelling
  • maneuvers
  • manganese - a hard brittle grey polyvalent metallic element that resembles iron but is not magnetic; used in making steel; occurs in many minerals
  • manic - affected with or marked by frenzy or mania uncontrolled by reason
  • manifestations
  • manipulation - exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own advantage; the action of touching with the hands (or the skillful use of the hands) or by the use of mechanical means
  • manometry
  • mansonellosis
  • manual - requiring human effort; doing or requiring physical work; of or relating to the hands;  a small handbook; (military) a prescribed drill in handling a rifle
  • manually - by hand
  • manuals
  • many - a quantifier that can be used with count s and is often preceded by `as' or `too' or `so' or `that'; amounting to a large but indefinite number
  • marburg
  • marchiafava
  • marfan
  • marie
  • marijuana - a strong-smelling plant from whose dried leaves a number of euphoriant and hallucinogenic drugs are prepared; the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect
  • marine - native to or inhabiting the sea; of or relating to the sea; of or relating to military personnel who serve both on land and at sea (specifically the U.S. Marine Corps); relating to or involving ships or shipping or navigation or seamen;  a member of the United States Marine Corps; a soldier who serves both on shipboard and on land
  • markings
  • marks - English businessman who created a retail chain (1888-1964)
  • marrow - the fatty network of connective tissue that fills the cavities of bones; large elongated squash with creamy to deep green skins; very tender and very nutritious tissue from marrowbones; any of various squash plants grown for their elongated fruit with smooth dark green skin and whitish flesh; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience
  • mask - activity that tries to conceal something; a covering to disguise or conceal the face; a protective covering worn over the face; a party of guests wearing costumes and masks; verb put a mask on or cover with a mask; shield from light; cover with a sauce; hide under a false appearance
  • masochism - sexual pleasure obtained from receiving punishment (physical or psychological)
  • massage - kneading and rubbing parts of the body to increase circulation and promote relaxation; verb give a massage to; manually manipulate (someone's body), usually for medicinal or relaxation purposes
  • masses - the common people generally
  • mastalgia - pain in the breast
  • mastitis - inflammation of a breast (or udder)
  • mastocytosis
  • mastoiditis - inflammation of the mastoid
  • maternal - characteristic of a mother; relating to or derived from one's mother; relating to or characteristic of or befitting a parent; related on the mother's side
  • mattress - a large thick pad filled with resilient material and often incorporating coiled springs, used as a bed or part of a bed
  • maturation - coming to full development; becoming mature; (medicine) the formation of morbific matter in an abscess or a vesicle and the discharge of pus; (biology) the process of an individual organism growing organically; a purely biological unfolding of events involved in an organism changing gradually from a simple to a more complex level
  • maxillary -  of or relating to the upper jaw;  the jaw in vertebrates that is fused to the cranium
  • mctd
  • mdma - a stimulant drug that is chemically related to mescaline and amphetamine and is used illicitly for its euphoric and hallucinogenic effects; it was formerly used in psychotherapy but in 1985 it was declared illegal in the United States
  • mdrd
  • meaning -  rich in significance or implication;  the idea that is intended; the message that is intended or expressed or signified
  • measles - an acute and highly contagious viral disease marked by distinct red spots followed by a rash; occurs primarily in children
  • measured - determined by measurement; the rhythmic arrangement of syllables; with care and dignity; carefully thought out in advance
  • measurement - the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule
  • measures
  • measuring - the act or process of assigning numbers to phenomena according to a rule
  • mechanical - using (or as if using) mechanisms or tools or devices; relating to or governed by or in accordance with mechanics; relating to or concerned with machinery or tools
  • mechanism - the technical aspects of doing something; device consisting of a piece of machinery; has moving parts that perform some function; (philosophy) the philosophical theory that all phenomena can be explained in terms of physical or biological causes; a natural object resembling a machine in structure or function; the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction
  • mechanisms
  • meckel
  • meckels
  • meclofenamate -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (trade name Meclomen) used to treat arthritis
  • meconium - thick dark green mucoid material that is the first feces of a newborn child
  • media
  • medial -  dividing an animal into right and left halves; relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle
  • medial - dividing an animal into right and left halves; relating to or situated in or extending toward the middle
  • mediastinal
  • mediastinitis
  • mediastinoscopy
  • mediastinotomy
  • medicaid - health care for the needy; a federally and state-funded program
  • medical - requiring or amenable to treatment by medicine especially as opposed to surgery; relating to the study or practice of medicine; of or belonging to Aesculapius or the healing art;  a thorough physical examination; includes a variety of tests depending on the age and sex and health of the person
  • medicare - health care for the aged; a federally administered system of health insurance available to persons aged 65 and over
  • medication - the act of treating with medicines or remedies; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease
  • medicine - the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries; (medicine) something that treats or prevents or alleviates the symptoms of disease; the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques; punishment for one's actions; verb treat medicinally, treat with medicine
  • medicolegal - pertaining to legal aspects of the practice of medicine (as malpractice or patient consent for operations or patient information)
  • medigap
  • meditation - continuous and profound contemplation or musing on a subject or series of subjects of a deep or abstruse nature; (religion) contemplation of spiritual matters (usually on religious or philosophical subjects)
  • mediterranean - of or relating to or characteristic of or located near the Mediterranean Sea;  the largest inland sea; between Europe and Africa and Asia
  • medulla -  the inner part of an organ or structure in plant or animal; lower or hindmost part of the brain; continuous with spinal cord; (`bulb' is an old term for medulla oblongata); a white fatty substance that forms a medullary sheath around the axis cylinder of some nerve fibers
  • medullary - of or relating to the medulla of any body part; of or relating to the medulla oblongata; containing or consisting of or resembling bone marrow
  • medulloblastoma
  • medulloblastomas
  • megaloblastic - of or relating to megaloblasts
  • melanoma - any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
  • melasma - a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
  • melatonin - hormone secreted by the pineal gland
  • meld - a form of rummy using two decks of cards and four jokers; jokers and deuces are wild; the object is to form groups of the same rank; verb ance for a score; of cards in a card game; mix together different elements; lose its distinct outline or shape; blend gradually
  • melioidosis
  • mellitus
  • members
  • membrane - a thin pliable sheet of material; a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects organs or cells of animals
  • membranes
  • membranoproliferative
  • membranous - characterized by formation of a membrane (or something resembling a membrane); relating to or made of or similar to a membrane
  • memory - an electronic memory device; the power of retaining and recalling past experience; the cognitive processes whereby past experience is remembered; something that is remembered; the area of cognitive psychology that studies memory processes
  • meniere - French otologist who first described a form of vertigo now known as Meniere's disease and identified the semicircular canals as the site of the lesion (1799-1862)
  • meningeal -  relating to the meninges
  • meningiomas
  • meningitis - infectious disease characterized by inflammation of the meninges (the tissues that surround the brain or spinal cord) usually caused by a bacterial infection; symptoms include headache and stiff neck and fever and nausea
  • meningococcal
  • meningoencephalitis - inflammation of the brain and spinal cord and their meninges
  • meniscal
  • meniscus - (physics) the curved upper surface of a nonturbulent liquid in a vertical tube; (optics) a lens that is concave on one side and convex on the other; (anatomy) a disk of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the ends of bones that meet at a joint
  • menopause - the time in a woman's life in which the menstrual cycle ends
  • menstrual - of or relating to menstruation or the menses
  • mental - affected by a disorder of the mind; involving the mind or an intellectual process; of or relating to the chin- or liplike structure in insects and certain mollusks; of or relating to the mind; of or relating to the chin or median part of the lower jaw
  • merged -  formed or united into a whole
  • merkel
  • mers
  • mesenteric - of or relating to or located in a mesentery
  • mesothelioma - a rare form of carcinoma of the mesothelium lining lungs or abdomen or heart; usually associated with exposure to asbestos dust
  • metabolic - undergoing metamorphosis; of or relating to metabolism
  • metabolism - the organic processes (in a cell or organism) that are necessary for life; the marked and rapid transformation of a larva into an adult that occurs in some animals
  • metacarpal - of or relating to the metacarpus;  any bone of the hand between the wrist and fingers
  • metacarpophalangeal
  • metachromatic
  • metal - containing or made of or resembling or characteristic of a metal;  a mixture containing two or more metallic elements or metallic and nonmetallic elements usually fused together or dissolving into each other when molten; any of several chemical elements that are usually shiny solids that conduct heat or electricity and can be formed into sheets etc.; verb cover with metal
  • metaplastic
  • metapneumovirus
  • metastases
  • metastatic - relating to or affected by metastasis
  • metatarsal - of or relating to the metatarsus;  any bone of the foot between the ankle and the toes
  • metatarsalgia
  • metatarsophalangeal
  • meter - any of various measuring instruments for measuring a quantity; rhythm as given by division into parts of equal duration; (prosody) the accent in a metrical foot of verse; the basic unit of length adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites (approximately 1.094 yards); verb measure with a meter; stamp with a meter indicating the postage
  • metered
  • methionine - a crystalline amino acid containing sulfur; found in most proteins and essential for nutrition
  • method - a way of doing something, especially a systematic way; implies an orderly logical arrangement (usually in steps); an acting technique introduced by Stanislavsky in which the actor recalls emotions or reactions from his or her own life and uses them to identify with the character being portrayed
  • methods
  • methylenedioxymethamphetamine - a stimulant drug that is chemically related to mescaline and amphetamine and is used illicitly for its euphoric and hallucinogenic effects; it was formerly used in psychotherapy but in 1985 it was declared illegal in the United States
  • metronidazole - antiprotozoal medication (trade name Flagyl) used to treat trichomoniasis and giardiasis
  • mgus
  • microangiopathic
  • microbial - of or involving or caused by or being microbes
  • microcephaly - an abnormally small head and underdeveloped brain
  • microdeletion
  • microduplication
  • microscopic - too small to be seen except under a microscope; extremely precise with great attention to details; of or relating to or used in microscopy; infinitely or immeasurably small
  • microscopy - research with the use of microscopes
  • microsporidia
  • microsporidiosis
  • microvascular
  • micturition - the discharge of urine
  • midface
  • midfoot
  • migraine - a severe recurring vascular headache; occurs more frequently in women than men
  • migraines
  • migrans
  • milestones
  • miliaria - obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
  • miliary
  • military -  associated with or performed by armed services as contrasted with civilians; characteristic of or associated with soldiers or the military; of or relating to the study of the principles of warfare;  the military forces of a nation
  • milk - produced by mammary glands of female mammals for feeding their young; a white nutritious liquid secreted by mammals and used as food by human beings; any of several nutritive milklike liquids; a river that rises in the Rockies in northwestern Montana and flows eastward to become a tributary of the Missouri River; verb take milk from female mammals; add milk to; exploit as much as possible
  • million -  (in Roman numerals, M written with a macron over it) denoting a quantity consisting of 1,000,000 items or units;  the number that is represented as a one followed by 6 zeros; a very large indefinite number (usually hyperbole)
  • millipede - any of numerous herbivorous nonpoisonous arthropods having a cylindrical body of 20 to 100 or more segments most with two pairs of legs
  • mineral - of or containing or derived from minerals; composed of matter other than plant or animal; relating to minerals;  solid homogeneous inorganic substances occurring in nature having a definite chemical composition
  • minerals
  • mini - used of women's clothing; very short with hemline above the knee;  a very short skirt
  • minimal - the least possible
  • minimally - to a minimal degree
  • ministry - the work of a minister of religion; building where the business of a government department is transacted; religious ministers collectively (especially Presbyterian); a government department under the direction of a minister
  • minor - limited in size or scope; inferior in number or size or amount; lesser in scope or effect; not of legal age; of a scale or mode; of your secondary field of academic concentration or specialization; of lesser importance or stature or rank; of lesser seriousness or danger; warranting only temporal punishment;  a young person of either sex
  • mirror - polished surface that forms images by reflecting light; a faithful depiction or reflection; verb reflect or resemble; reflect as if in a mirror
  • miscarriage - failure of a plan; a natural loss of the products of conception
  • miscellaneous - constituting a grab-bag category; consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity)
  • missing - not able to be found; not existing
  • mite - any of numerous very small to minute arachnids often infesting animals or plants or stored foods; a slight but appreciable addition
  • mitochondria
  • mitochondrial
  • mitral - of or relating to or located in or near the mitral valve; relating to or resembling the miter worn by some clerics
  • mixed - consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity); involving or composed of different races; caused to combine or unite
  • mnds
  • mobileapps
  • mobitz
  • models
  • modified - changed in form or character; mediocre
  • molecular -  relating to simple or elementary organization; relating to or produced by or consisting of molecules
  • molecular - relating to simple or elementary organization; relating to or produced by or consisting of molecules
  • moles
  • molluscum - any skin disease characterized by soft pulpy nodules
  • mollusk - invertebrate having a soft unsegmented body usually enclosed in a shell
  • molybdenum - a polyvalent metallic element that resembles chromium and tungsten in its properties; used to strengthen and harden steel
  • monitoring - the act of observing something (and sometimes keeping a record of it)
  • monkeypox
  • mono - designating sound transmission or recording or reproduction over a single channel;  an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
  • monobactams
  • monoclonal - forming or derived from a single clone;  any of a class of antibodies produced in the laboratory by identical offspring of a hybridoma; very specific for a particular location in the body
  • monocyte - a type of granular leukocyte that functions in the ingestion of bacteria
  • monocytopenia
  • mononeuropathies
  • mononeuropathy - any neuropathy of a single nerve trunk
  • mononucleosis - an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing
  • monoxide - an oxide containing just one atom of oxygen in the molecule
  • months
  • mood - verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker; a characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling; the prevailing psychological state
  • moraxella
  • morphology -  the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animals and plants; the branch of geology that studies the characteristics and configuration and evolution of rocks and land forms; the admissible arrangement of sounds in words; studies of the rules for forming admissible words
  • mortality - the quality or state of being mortal; the ratio of deaths in an area to the population of that area; expressed per 1000 per year
  • most - the superlative of `much' that can be used with mass s and is usually preceded by `the'; a quantifier meaning the greatest in amount or extent or degree; (superlative of `many' used with count s and often preceded by `the') quantifier meaning the greatest in number;  used to form the superlative; very; (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished
  • moth - typically crepuscular or nocturnal insect having a stout body and feathery or hairlike antennae
  • mother - a condition that is the inspiration for an activity or situation; a woman who has given birth to a child (also used as a term of address to your mother); a term of address for a mother superior; a term of address for an elderly woman; a stringy slimy substance consisting of yeast cells and bacteria; forms during fermentation and is added to cider or wine to produce vinegar; verb care for like a mother; make children
  • motility - ability to move spontaneously and independently; a change of position that does not entail a change of location
  • motor - causing or able to cause motion; conveying information to the muscles from the CNS;  machine that converts other forms of energy into mechanical energy and so imparts motion; a nonspecific agent that imparts motion; verb travel or be transported in a vehicle
  • mountain - a land mass that projects well above its surroundings; higher than a hill; a large number or amount
  • mouthpiece - the aperture of a wind instrument into which the player blows directly; the tube of a pipe or cigarette holder that a smoker holds in the mouth; an acoustic device; the part of a telephone into which a person speaks; (especially boxing) equipment that protects an athlete's mouth; a part that goes over or into the mouth of a person; a spokesperson (as a lawyer)
  • moving - arousing or capable of arousing deep emotion; in motion; used of a series of photographs presented so as to create the illusion of motion
  • moxibustion
  • mucocutaneous - of or relating to the mucous membranes and skin
  • mucopolysaccharidoses
  • mucormycosis
  • mucosa - mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages that communicate with the exterior
  • mucosal - of or relating to mucous membranes
  • mucous - of or secreting or covered with or resembling mucus
  • mucus - protective secretion of the mucous membranes; in the gut it lubricates the passage of food and protects the epithelial cells; in the nose and throat and lungs it can make it difficult for bacteria to penetrate the body through the epithelium
  • multicalc
  • multiceps
  • multifactorial - involving or depending on several factors or causes (especially pertaining to a condition or disease resulting from the interaction of many genes)
  • multifetal
  • multifocal
  • multiforme
  • multimedia - transmission that combine media of communication (text and graphics and sound etc.)
  • multiple - having or involving or consisting of more than one part or entity or individual;  the product of a quantity by an integer
  • multiplex - having many parts or aspects; many and varied; having many features or forms;  communicates two or more signals over a common channel
  • mumps - an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
  • mupirocin
  • murine - of or relating to or transmitted by a member of the family Muridae (rats and mice);  a rodent that is a member of the family Muridae
  • muscle - authority or power or force (especially when used in a coercive way); animal tissue consisting predominantly of contractile cells; one of the contractile organs of the body; possessing muscular strength; a bully employed as a thug or bodyguard; verb make one's way by force
  • muscles
  • muscular - having or suggesting great physical power or force; of or relating to or consisting of muscle; having a robust muscular body-build characterized by predominance of structures (bone and muscle and connective tissue) developed from the embryonic mesodermal layer; (of a person) possessing physical strength and weight; rugged and powerful
  • musculoskeletal - relating to muscles and skeleton
  • mushroom - fleshy body of any of numerous edible fungi; a large cloud of rubble and dust shaped like a mushroom and rising into the sky after an explosion (especially of a nuclear bomb); any of various fleshy fungi of the subdivision Basidiomycota consisting of a cap at the end of a stem arising from an underground mycelium; common name for an edible agaric (contrasting with the inedible toadstool); verb grow and spread fast; pick or gather mushrooms
  • music - musical activity (singing or whistling etc.); punishment for one's actions; any agreeable (pleasing and harmonious) sounds; (music) the sounds produced by singers or musical instruments (or reproductions of such sounds); an artistic form of auditory communication incorporating instrumental or vocal tones in a structured and continuous manner
  • mutation - a change or alteration in form or qualities; (genetics) any event that changes genetic structure; any alteration in the inherited nucleic acid sequence of the genotype of an organism; (biology) an organism that has characteristics resulting from chromosomal alteration
  • mutilation - an injury that deprives you of a limb or other important body part
  • mutyh
  • myasthenia - any muscular weakness; a chronic progressive disease characterized by chronic fatigue and muscular weakness (especially in the face and neck); caused by a deficiency of acetylcholine at the neuromuscular junctions
  • mycetoma
  • mycobacteria - rod-shaped bacteria some saprophytic or causing diseases
  • mycobacterial
  • mycoplasmal
  • mycoplasmas
  • myelitis - inflammation of the spinal cord
  • myelodysplasia
  • myelodysplastic
  • myelofibrosis - fibrosis of the bone marrow
  • myelography - roentgenography of the spinal cord to detect possible lesions (usually after injection of a contrast medium into the subarachnoid space)
  • myeloid - of or relating to bone marrow; of or relating to the spinal cord
  • myeloma - a tumor of the bone marrow (usually malignant) composed of cells normally found in bone marrow
  • myelopathy
  • myelophthisic
  • myeloproliferative
  • myiasis - infestation of the body by the larvae of flies (usually through a wound or other opening) or any disease resulting from such infestation
  • myocardial - of or relating to the myocardium
  • myocarditis - inflammation of the myocardium (the muscular tissue of the heart)
  • myoclonus - a clonic spasm of a muscle or muscle group
  • myofascial
  • myomas
  • myopathies
  • myositis - inflammation of muscle tissue
  • myotonia - abnormally long muscular contractions; slow relaxation of a muscle after a contraction
  • myotonic - of or relating to or caused by myotonia
  • myplate
  • myringitis
  • myth - a traditional story accepted as history; serves to explain the world view of a people
  • myxoma - a benign tumor of connective tissue containing jellylike material
  • myxomas
  • nafld
  • nail - a thin pointed piece of metal that is hammered into materials as a fastener; horny plate covering and protecting part of the dorsal surface of the digits; a former unit of length for cloth equal to 1/16 of a yard; verb attach something somewhere by means of nails; complete a pass; take into custody; hit hard; locate exactly; succeed at easily; succeed in obtaining a position
  • nails
  • naming - inclined to or serving for the giving of names;  the verbal act of naming; the act of putting a person into a non-elective position
  • nana
  • nandrolone -  an androgen (trade names Durabolin or Kabolin) that is used to treat testosterone deficiency or breast cancer or osteoporosis
  • narcissistic - characteristic of those having an inflated idea of their own importance
  • narcolepsy - a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep
  • narrow - limited in size or scope; not wide; very limited in degree; lacking tolerance or flexibility or breadth of view; characterized by painstaking care and detailed examination;  a narrow strait connecting two bodies of water; verb make or become more narrow or restricted; become tight or as if tight; become more special; define clearly
  • narrowing - (of circumstances) tending to constrict freedom; becoming gradually narrower;  the act of making something narrower; an instance of becoming narrow; a decrease in width
  • nasal septum -  a partition of bone and cartilage between the nasal cavities
  • nasal - sounding as if the nose were pinched; of or in or relating to the nose;  an elongated rectangular bone that forms the bridge of the nose; a consonant produced through the nose with the mouth closed
  • nasogastric
  • nasopharyngeal - of or relating to or located near the nasopharynx
  • naturopathy - a method of treating disease using food and exercise and heat to assist the natural healing process
  • nausea - disgust so strong it makes you feel sick; the state that precedes vomiting
  • navicular - shaped like a boat;  the largest wrist bone on the thumb side
  • near - not far distant in time or space or degree or circumstances; closely resembling the genuine article; being on the left side; very close in resemblance; with or in a close or intimate relationship; giving or spending with reluctance;  near in time or place or relationship; (of actions or states) slightly short of or not quite accomplished; verb move towards
  • nebulizer - a dispenser that turns a liquid (such as perfume) into a fine mist
  • neck - an opening in a garment for the neck of the wearer; a part of the garment near the wearer's neck; the part of an organism that connects the head to the rest of the body; a cut of meat from the neck of an animal; a narrow elongated projecting strip of land; verb kiss, embrace, or fondle with sexual passion
  • necrolysis - disintegration and dissolution of dead tissue
  • necrosis - the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)
  • necrotizing
  • need - anything that is necessary but lacking; a condition requiring relief; the psychological feature that arouses an organism to action toward a desired goal; the reason for the action; that which gives purpose and direction to behavior; a state of extreme poverty or destitution; verb have or feel a need for; have need of; require as useful, just, or proper
  • needed - necessary for relief or supply
  • needle - a sharp pointed implement (usually steel); a slender pointer for indicating the reading on the scale of a measuring instrument; a stylus that formerly made sound by following a groove in a phonograph record; as the leaf of a conifer; verb goad or provoke,as by constant criticism; prick with a needle
  • neglect - the state of something that has been unused and neglected; willful lack of care and attention; failure to act with the prudence that a reasonable person would exercise under the same circumstances; the trait of neglecting responsibilities and lacking concern; lack of attention and due care; verb leave undone or leave out; fail to attend to; give little or no attention to; fail to do something; leave something undone
  • nematode - unsegmented worms with elongated rounded body pointed at both ends; mostly free-living but some are parasitic
  • nematodes
  • neonatal - relating to or affecting the infant during the first month after birth
  • neonate - a baby from birth to four weeks
  • neonates
  • neoplasia - the pathological process that results in the formation and growth of a tumor
  • neoplasias
  • neoplasms
  • nephritic - of or relating to the kidneys; affected by nephritis
  • nephritis - an inflammation of the kidney
  • nephrogenic
  • nephronophthisis
  • nephropathies
  • nephropathy - a disease affecting the kidneys
  • nephrosclerosis - kidney disease that is usually associated with hypertension; sclerosis of the renal arterioles reduces blood flow that can lead to kidney failure and heart failure
  • nephrotic
  • nerve - any bundle of nerve fibers running to various organs and tissues of the body; impudent aggressiveness; the courage to carry on; verb get ready for something difficult or unpleasant
  • nerves - control of your emotions; an uneasy psychological state
  • nervosa
  • nervous system -  the sensory and control apparatus consisting of a network of nerve cells
  • nervous - easily agitated; of or relating to the nervous system; unpredictably excitable (especially of horses); excited in anticipation; causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • neural - of or relating to neurons; of or relating to the nervous system
  • neuralgia - acute spasmodic pain along the course of one or more nerves
  • neuralgiform
  • neuritis - inflammation of a nerve accompanied by pain and sometimes loss of function
  • neuro
  • neuroblastoma - malignant tumor containing embryonic nerve cells; usually metastasizes quickly
  • neurocutaneous
  • neurofibromatosis - autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous neurofibromas and by spots on the skin and often by developmental abnormalities
  • neurogenic - arising in or stimulated by nerve tissues
  • neuroleptic - tranquilizer used to treat psychotic conditions when a calming effect is desired
  • neurologic - of or relating to or used in or practicing neurology
  • neuroma - any tumor derived from cells of the nervous system
  • neuromuscular - affecting or characteristic of both neural and muscular tissue
  • neuromyelitis
  • neuron - a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses
  • neuronitis
  • neuropathic
  • neuropathies
  • neuropathy - any pathology of the peripheral nerves
  • neurotransmission
  • neutropenia - leukopenia in which the decrease is primarily in number of neutrophils (the chief phagocytic leukocyte)
  • neutrophil - the chief phagocytic leukocyte; stains with either basic or acid dyes
  • neutrophilic
  • nevus - a blemish on the skin that is formed before birth
  • newborn - having just or recently arisen or come into existence; recently borne;  a baby from birth to four weeks
  • newborns
  • news -  new information about specific and timely events; new information of any kind; information reported in a newspaper or news magazine; the quality of being sufficiently interesting to be reported in news bulletins; a program devoted to news
  • news - new information about specific and timely events; new information of any kind; information reported in a newspaper or news magazine; the quality of being sufficiently interesting to be reported in news bulletins; a program devoted to news
  • niacin - a B vitamin essential for the normal function of the nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract
  • niemann
  • nile - the world's longest river (4150 miles); flows northward through eastern Africa into the Mediterranean; the Nile River valley in Egypt was the site of the world's first great civilization
  • nines
  • nipple - a flexible cap on a baby's feeding bottle or pacifier; the small projection of a mammary gland
  • nitrites
  • nitrofurantoin - derivative of nitrofuran used as an antibacterial medicine (trade name Macrodantin) effective against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; used to treat infections of the urinary tract
  • nmosd
  • nocardiosis
  • nociceptive - caused by or in response to pain
  • nocturnal - belonging to or active during the night; of or relating to or occurring in the night
  • nodal
  • node - (computer science) any computer that is hooked up to a computer network; any bulge or swelling of an anatomical structure or part; (astronomy) a point where an orbit crosses a plane; (physics) the point of minimum displacement in a periodic system; any thickened enlargement; a connecting point at which several lines come together; the source of lymph and lymphocytes
  • nodes
  • nodosa
  • nodosum
  • nodule - a small node; (mineralogy) a small rounded lump of mineral substance (usually harder than the surrounding rock or sediment); small rounded wartlike protuberance on a plant
  • nodules
  • noises
  • nomogram - a graphic representation of numerical relations
  • nonadherence
  • nonalcoholic - characterized by the absence of alcohol
  • nonallergic
  • nonatheromatous
  • noncancerous
  • noncardiac
  • noncholera
  • nonerosive
  • nonfreezing
  • nonfunctional - not having or performing a function; not performing or able to perform its regular function
  • nongonococcal
  • noninfectious - not infectious
  • noninfective
  • noninvasive - relating to a technique that does not involve puncturing the skin or entering a body cavity
  • nonspecific - not caused by a specific agent; used also of staining in making microscope slides
  • nonsuicidal
  • nonthrombotic
  • nontoxic - not producing or resulting from poison; safe to eat
  • nontuberculous
  • nontyphoidal
  • noonan
  • norethindrone -  a synthetic progestational hormone (trade name Norlutin) used in oral contraceptives and to treat endometriosis
  • norgestrel -  synthetic progestin used in oral contraceptives
  • normal - conforming with or constituting a norm or standard or level or type or social norm; not abnormal; being approximately average or within certain limits in e.g. intelligence and development; in accordance with scientific laws; forming a right angle;  something regarded as a normative example
  • norwood
  • nosebleeds
  • nrem - a recurring sleep state during which rapid eye movements do not occur and dreaming does not occur; accounts for about 75% of normal sleep time
  • nssi
  • nuchal
  • nuclear - constituting or like a nucleus; (weapons) deriving destructive energy from the release of atomic energy; of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of an atom; of or relating to or constituting the nucleus of a cell
  • nucleic
  • nucleotide - a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
  • nucleus - a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction; any histologically identifiable mass of neural cell bodies in the brain or spinal cord; the positively charged dense center of an atom; (astronomy) the center of the head of a comet; consists of small solid particles of ice and frozen gas that vaporizes on approaching the sun to form the coma and tail; a small group of indispensable persons or things
  • numbness - partial or total lack of sensation in a part of the body; a symptom of nerve damage or dysfunction; the trait of lacking enthusiasm for or interest in things generally
  • nummular
  • nurse - one skilled in caring for young children or the sick (usually under the supervision of a physician); a woman who is the custodian of children; verb try to cure by special care of treatment, of an illness or injury; treat carefully; serve as a nurse; care for sick or handicapped people; give suck to; maintain (a theory, thoughts, or feelings)
  • nursemaids
  • nursing - the work of caring for the sick or injured or infirm; nourishing at the breast; the profession of a nurse
  • nutrient - of or providing nourishment;  any substance that can be metabolized by an organism to give energy and build tissue
  • nutrition - the scientific study of food and drink (especially in humans); (physiology) the organic process of nourishing or being nourished; the processes by which an organism assimilates food and uses it for growth and maintenance; a source of materials to nourish the body
  • nutritional - of or relating to or providing nutrition
  • nystagmus - involuntary movements of the eyeballs; its presence or absence is used to diagnose a variety of neurological and visual disorders
  • obesity - more than average fatness
  • objectives
  • objects
  • obliterans
  • obsessive - characterized by or constituting an obsession;  a person who has obsessions
  • obstetric - of or relating to or used in or practicing obstetrics
  • obstetrics - the branch of medicine dealing with childbirth and care of the mother
  • obstruction - getting in someone's way; the act of obstructing; any structure that makes progress difficult; the state or condition of being obstructed; something immaterial that stands in the way and must be circumvented or surmounted
  • obstructions
  • obstructive - preventing movement
  • occipital -  of or relating to the occiput
  • occlusion - (dentistry) the normal spatial relation of the teeth when the jaws are closed; closure or blockage (as of a blood vessel); the act of blocking; an obstruction in a pipe or tube; (meteorology) a composite front when colder air surrounds a mass of warm air and forces it aloft
  • occlusive - tending to occlude;  a consonant produced by stopping the flow of air at some point and suddenly releasing it
  • occult - hidden and difficult to see; having an import not apparent to the senses nor obvious to the intelligence; beyond ordinary understanding;  supernatural practices and techniques; supernatural forces and events and beings collectively; verb hide from view; become concealed or hidden from view or have its light extinguished; cause an eclipse of (a celestial body) by intervention
  • occupational - of or relating to the activity or business for which you are trained
  • occurs
  • ocpd
  • octmale
  • ocular - able to be seen; relating to or using sight; of or relating to or resembling the eye;  combination of lenses at the viewing end of optical instruments
  • oculomotor - supplies extrinsic muscles of the eye
  • odds - the likelihood of a thing occurring rather than not occurring; the ratio by which one better's wager is greater than that of another
  • odor - any property detected by the olfactory system; the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form
  • older - old in experience; advanced in years; (`aged' is proced as two syllables); used of the older of two persons of the same name especially used to distinguish a father from his son
  • olderdriver
  • olecranon - process of the ulna that forms the outer bump of the elbow and fits into the fossa of the humerus when the arm is extended
  • olfactory - of or relating to olfaction
  • oligella
  • oligohydramnios
  • oliguria - production of an abnormally small amount of urine; abnormally small production of urine; can be a symptom of kidney disease or obstruction of the urinary tract or edema or an imbalance of fluids and electrolytes in the body
  • omphalocele - protrusion of the intestine and omentum through a hernia in the abdominal wall near the navel; usually self correcting after birth
  • onchocerciasis - infestation with slender threadlike roundworms (filaria) deposited under the skin by the bite of black fleas; when the eyes are involved it can result in blindness; common in Africa and tropical America
  • oncology - the branch of medicine concerned with the study and treatment of tumors
  • onehealth
  • onychomycosis
  • operating - involved in a kind of operation; being in effect or operation
  • operative - being in force or having or exerting force; effective; producing a desired effect; of or relating to a surgical operation; (of e.g. a machine) performing or capable of performing; relating to or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery especially as opposed to medicine;  someone who can be employed as a detective to collect information; a person secretly employed in espionage for a government
  • ophthalmia - severe conjunctivitis
  • ophthalmic -  of or relating to ophthalmology; of or relating to the eye
  • ophthalmic - of or relating to ophthalmology; of or relating to the eye
  • ophthalmicus
  • ophthalmologic
  • ophthalmoplegia - paralysis of the motor nerves of the eye
  • ophthalmoscope - medical instrument for examining the retina of the eye
  • opioid
  • opioids
  • opisthorchiasis - infestation with flukes obtained from eating raw fish; common in eastern Asia
  • opportunistic - taking immediate advantage, often unethically, of any circumstance of possible benefit
  • oppositional
  • optic - relating to or using sight; of or relating to or resembling the eye;  the organ of sight
  • optica
  • optimal - most desirable possible under a restriction expressed or implied
  • options
  • oral - a stage in psychosexual development when the child's interest is concentrated in the mouth; fixation at this stage is said to result in dependence, selfishness, and aggression; of or involving the mouth or mouth region or the surface on which the mouth is located; using speech rather than writing; of or relating to or affecting or for use in the mouth;  an examination conducted by word of mouth
  • orbit - the (usually elliptical) path described by one celestial body in its revolution about another; the path of an electron around the nucleus of an atom; an area in which something acts or operates or has power or control: "the range of a supersonic jet"; the bony cavity in the skull containing the eyeball; a particular environment or walk of life; verb move in an orbit
  • orbital - of or relating to the eye socket; of or relating to an orbit
  • orchitis - inflammation of one or both testes; characterized by pain and swelling
  • orders
  • organisms
  • organized - methodical and efficient in arrangement or function; formed into a structured or coherent whole; being a member of or formed into a labor union
  • organizing
  • organophosphate - an insecticide that interferes with an insect's nervous system
  • organs -  edible viscera of a butchered animal
  • organs - edible viscera of a butchered animal
  • orgasmic
  • origin -  properties attributable to your ancestry; the point of intersection of coordinate axes; where the values of the coordinates are all zero; an event that is a beginning; a first part or stage of subsequent events; the descendants of one individual; the place where something begins, where it springs into being
  • origin - properties attributable to your ancestry; the point of intersection of coordinate axes; where the values of the coordinates are all zero; an event that is a beginning; a first part or stage of subsequent events; the descendants of one individual; the place where something begins, where it springs into being
  • oropharyngeal - of or relating to or located near the oropharynx
  • orotracheal
  • oroya
  • orthopedic - of or relating to or employed in orthopedics
  • orthostatic - pertaining to an upright standing posture
  • osgood
  • osmolality
  • osteoarthritis - chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age
  • osteochondrodysplasias
  • osteochondrodysplastic
  • osteochondroses
  • osteogenesis
  • osteomyelitis - an inflammation of bone and bone marrow (usually caused by bacterial infection)
  • osteonecrosis
  • osteopetroses
  • osteoporosis - abnormal loss of bony tissue resulting in fragile porous bones attributable to a lack of calcium; most common in postmenopausal women
  • osteosclerosis - abnormal hardening or eburnation of bone
  • other - very unusual; different in character or quality from the normal or expected; recently past; not the same one or ones already mentioned or implied; belonging to the distant past
  • otic - of or relating to near the ear
  • oticus
  • otitis - inflammation of the ear
  • otorrhea - discharge from the external ear
  • otosclerosis - hereditary disorder in which ossification of the labyrinth of the inner ear causes tinnitus and eventual deafness
  • ototoxicity
  • outcomes
  • outer - being on or toward the outside of the body; being on the outside or further from a center; located outside
  • outlet - activity that frees or expresses creative energy or emotion; an opening that permits escape or release; a place of business for retailing goods; receptacle providing a place in a wiring system where current can be taken to run electrical devices
  • outpatient - a patient who does not reside in the hospital where he is being treated
  • output - production of a certain amount; what is produced in a given time period; the quantity of something (as a commodity) that is created (usually within a given period of time); final product; the things produced; signal that comes out of an electronic system; verb to create or manufacture a specific amount
  • ovarian - of or involving the ovaries
  • ovary - (vertebrates) one of usually two organs that produce ova and secrete estrogen and progesterone; the organ that bears the ovules of a flower
  • over - having come or been brought to a conclusion;  throughout a period of time; at or to a point across intervening space etc.; throughout an area; beyond the top or upper surface or edge; forward from an upright position; over the entire area;  (cricket) the period during which a given number of balls (6 in England but 8 in Australia) are bowled at the batsman by one player from the other team from the same end of the pitch
  • overdose - verb dose too heavily
  • overgrowth - a profusion of growth on or over something else; excessive size; usually caused by excessive secretion of growth hormone from the pituitary gland
  • overhydration
  • overload - an excessive burden; an electrical load that exceeds the available electrical power; verb place too much a load on; become overloaded; fill to excess so that function is impaired
  • overuse - exploitation to the point of diminishing returns; verb make use of too often or too extensively
  • overview - a general summary of a subject
  • ovulation - the expulsion of an ovum from the ovary (usually midway in the menstrual cycle)
  • ovulatory
  • oxalate - a salt or ester of oxalic acid
  • oxazolidinones
  • oxidation - the process of oxidizing; the addition of oxygen to a compound with a loss of electrons; always occurs accompanied by reduction
  • oxidative - taking place in the presence of oxygen
  • oximetry
  • oxygen - a nonmetallic bivalent element that is normally a colorless odorless tasteless nonflammable diatomic gas; constitutes 21 percent of the atmosphere by volume; the most abundant element in the earth's crust
  • pace - a step in walking or running; the relative speed of progress or change; the rate of moving (especially walking or running); a unit of length equal to 3 feet; defined as 91.44 centimeters; originally taken to be the average length of a stride; the distance covered by a step; the rate of some repeating event; verb measure (distances) by pacing; regulate or set the pace of; walk with slow or fast paces; go at a pace
  • pacemakers
  • packing - carrying something in a pack on the back; the enclosure of something in a package or box; any material used especially to protect something
  • paget - English pathologist who discovered the cause of trichinosis (1814-1899)
  • pain - a somatic sensation of acute discomfort; emotional distress; a fundamental feeling that people try to avoid; a bothersome annoying person; a symptom of some physical hurt or disorder; something or someone that causes trouble; a source of unhappiness; verb cause emotional anguish or make miserable; cause bodily suffering to and make sick or indisposed
  • painless - requiring little hard work or exertion; not causing physical or psychological pain
  • palate - the upper surface of the mouth that separates the oral and nasal cavities
  • palm - the inner surface of the hand from the wrist to the base of the fingers; any plant of the family Palmae having an unbranched trunk crowned by large pinnate or palmate leaves; a linear unit based on the length or width of the human hand; an award for winning a championship or commemorating some other event; verb touch, lift, or hold with the hands
  • palmetto - any of several low-growing palms with fan-shaped leaves
  • palmoplantar
  • palpitations
  • palsies
  • palsy - a condition marked by uncontrollable tremor; loss of the ability to move a body part; verb affect with palsy
  • pancreas - a large elongated exocrine gland located behind the stomach; secretes pancreatic juice and insulin
  • pancreatic - of or involving the pancreas
  • pancreatitis - inflammation of the pancreas; usually marked by abdominal pain
  • pandemic - existing everywhere; epidemic over a wide geographical area;  an epidemic that is geographically widespread; occurring throughout a region or even throughout the world
  • panels
  • panencephalitis - diffuse inflammation of the entire brain
  • panic - an overwhelming feeling of fear and anxiety; sudden mass fear and anxiety over anticipated events; verb cause sudden fear in or fill with sudden panic; be overcome by a sudden fear
  • panniculitis
  • pantothenic
  • papa - an informal term for a father; probably derived from baby talk
  • papilledema - swelling of the optic disc (where the optic nerve enters the eyeball); usually associated with an increase in intraocular pressure
  • papillomas
  • papillomatosis
  • papillomavirus
  • papules
  • paracentesis - centesis of the belly to remove fluid for diagnosis
  • paracetamol
  • paracoccidioidomycosis
  • paragonimiasis
  • parainfluenza
  • paralysis - loss of the ability to move a body part
  • parameters
  • paranasal - adjacent to the nasal cavities
  • paraneoplastic
  • paranoid - suffering from paranoia;  a person afflicted with paranoia
  • paraparesis - a slight paralysis or weakness of both legs
  • parapharyngeal
  • paraphilias
  • paraphilic
  • paraphimosis
  • parapsoriasis
  • parasitic - of plants or persons; having the nature or habits of a parasite or leech; living off another; relating to or caused by parasites; of or pertaining to epenthesis
  • parasitosis
  • parasomnias
  • parasympathetic - of or relating to the parasympathetic nervous system;  originates in the brain stem and lower part of the spinal cord; opposes physiological effects of the sympathetic nervous system: stimulates digestive secretions; slows the heart; constricts the pupils; dilates blood vessels
  • parenteral - located outside the alimentary tract; administered by means other than through the alimentary tract (as by intramuscular or intravenous injection)
  • parietal -  of or relating to or associated with the parietal bones in the cranium
  • parkinson - British historian noted for ridicule of bureaucracies (1909-1993); English surgeon (1755-1824)
  • parkinsonism - a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination
  • parkland - a large area of land preserved in its natural state as public property
  • paronychia - low-growing annual or perennial herbs or woody plants; whitlowworts; infection in the tissues adjacent to a nail on a finger or toe
  • paroxysmal - accompanied by or of the nature of paroxysms
  • participants
  • participation - the condition of sharing in common with others (as fellows or partners etc.); the act of sharing in the activities of a group
  • particle -  a function word that can be used in English to form phrasal verbs; a body having finite mass and internal structure but negligible dimensions; (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything
  • parts - the local environment
  • passive - lacking in energy or will; expressing that the subject of the sentence is the patient of the action denoted by the verb; peacefully resistant in response to injustice;  the voice used to indicate that the grammatical subject of the verb is the recipient (not the source) of the action denoted by the verb
  • patella - type genus of the family Patellidae: common European limpets; a small flat triangular bone in front of the knee that protects the knee joint
  • patellae
  • patellar - near or relating to the patella or kneecap
  • patent - (of a bodily tube or passageway) open; affording free passage; clearly revealed to the mind or the senses or judgment;  a document granting an inventor sole rights to an invention; an official document granting a right or privilege; verb make open to sight or notice; obtain a patent for; grant rights to; grant a patent for
  • pathophysiology
  • pathway - a trodden path; a bundle of myelinated nerve fibers following a path through the brain
  • pathways
  • patient -  enduring without protest or complaint; enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance;  a person who requires medical care; the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • patient - enduring without protest or complaint; enduring trying circumstances with even temper or characterized by such endurance;  a person who requires medical care; the semantic role of an entity that is not the agent but is directly involved in or affected by the happening denoted by the verb in the clause
  • patients
  • pcos
  • peak - of a period of maximal use or demand or activity;  the top point of a mountain or hill; a brim that projects to the front to shade the eyes; the highest point (of something); the most extreme possible amount or value; a V shape; the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development; the period of greatest prosperity or productivity; verb to reach the highest point; attain maximum intensity, activity
  • pectoris
  • pediatric - of or relating to the medical care of children
  • pediatrics - the branch of medicine concerned with the treatment of infants and children
  • pedigree - having a list of ancestors as proof of being a purebred animal;  ancestry of a purebred animal; line of descent of a purebred animal; the descendants of one individual
  • pedis
  • pedophilia - a sexual attraction to children
  • pedophilic
  • peld
  • peliosis - any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
  • pelvic - of or relating to the pelvis
  • pelvis -  a structure shaped like a funnel in the outlet of the kidney into which urine is discharged before passing into the ureter; the structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates
  • pelvis - a structure shaped like a funnel in the outlet of the kidney into which urine is discharged before passing into the ureter; the structure of the vertebrate skeleton supporting the lower limbs in humans and the hind limbs or corresponding parts in other vertebrates
  • pemphigoid
  • pemphigus - a skin disease characterized by large thin-walled blisters (bullae) arising from normal skin or mucous membrane
  • penetrance
  • penicillins
  • penile - of or relating to the penis
  • penis - the male organ of copulation (`member' is a euphemism)
  • people's
  • people - (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively; members of a family line; the body of citizens of a state or country; the common people generally; verb fill with people or supply with inhabitants; furnish with people
  • peptic - relating to or promoting digestion
  • percentage - a proportion multiplied by 100; assets belonging to or due to or contributed by an individual person or group
  • percentiles
  • percutaneous - through the unbroken skin; refers to medications applied directly to the skin (creams or ointments) or in time-release forms (skin patches)
  • perfect - precisely accurate or exact; being complete of its kind and without defect or blemish; without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers;  a tense of verbs used in describing action that has been completed (sometimes regarded as perfective aspect); verb make perfect or complete
  • perforation - the act of punching a hole (especially a row of holes as for ease of separation); a line of small holes for tearing at a particular place; a hole made in something
  • perforations
  • performance - any recognized accomplishment; the act of performing; of doing something successfully; using knowledge as distinguished from merely possessing it; the act of presenting a play or a piece of music or other entertainment; a dramatic or musical entertainment; process or manner of functioning or operating
  • perfringens
  • perfusion - pumping a liquid into an organ or tissue (especially by way of blood vessels)
  • peri - (Persian folklore) a supernatural being descended from fallen angels and excluded from paradise until penance is done; a beautiful and graceful girl
  • periapical
  • pericardial - located around the heart or relating to or affecting the pericardium
  • pericardiocentesis
  • pericarditis - inflammation of the pericardium
  • perichondritis
  • perilunate
  • perinatal - occurring during the period around birth (5 months before and 1 month after)
  • periodic - recurring or reappearing from time to time; happening or recurring at regular intervals; recurring at regular intervals
  • periodontal - of or relating to or involving or practicing periodontics
  • periodontitis - a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth
  • periods
  • perioperative
  • perioral
  • periph
  • peripheral - on or near an edge or constituting an outer boundary; the outer area; related to the key issue but not of central importance;  (computer science) electronic equipment connected by cable to the CPU of a computer
  • peritoneal - of or relating to or affecting the peritoneum
  • peritonitis - inflammation of the peritoneum
  • peritonsillar
  • permanent - continuing or enduring without marked change in status or condition or place; not capable of being reversed or returned to the original condition;  a series of waves in the hair made by applying heat and chemicals
  • peroneal -  of or relating to the fibula or the outer part of the leg below the knee
  • peroxisomal
  • persistent - never-ceasing; retained; not shed; continually recurring to the mind
  • person - a human being; a human body (usually including the clothing); a grammatical category of pros and verb forms
  • personality - the complex of all the attributes--behavioral, temperamental, emotional and mental--that characterize a unique individual; a person of considerable prominence
  • perthes
  • pertussis - a disease of the respiratory mucous membrane
  • peruana
  • petrous -  (of bone especially the temporal bone) resembling stone in hardness
  • peutz
  • peyronie
  • pfapa
  • phaeohyphomycosis
  • pharmacists
  • pharmacodynamics
  • pharmacogenetics - the branch of genetics that studies the genetically determined variations in responses to drugs in humans or laboratory organisms
  • pharmacokinetic
  • pharmacokinetics - the study of the action of drugs in the body: method and rate of excretion; duration of effect; etc.
  • pharmacology - the science or study of drugs: their preparation and properties and uses and effects
  • pharmacotherapy
  • pharyngeal -  of or relating to the throat;  a consonant articulated in the back of the mouth or throat
  • pharyngeal - of or relating to the throat;  a consonant articulated in the back of the mouth or throat
  • pharyngitis - inflammation of the fauces and pharynx
  • phencyclidine - a drug used as an anesthetic by veterinarians; illicitly taken (originally in the form of powder or `dust') for its effects as a hallucinogen
  • phenylketonuria - a genetic disorder of metabolism; lack of the enzyme needed to turn phenylalanine into tyrosine results in an accumulation of phenylalanine in the body fluids which causes various degrees of mental deficiency
  • pheochromocytoma - a vascular tumor of the adrenal gland; hypersecretion of epinephrine results in intermittent or sustained hypertension
  • phil
  • philadelphia - the largest city in Pennsylvania; located in the southeastern part of the state on the Delaware river; site of Independence Hall where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were signed; site of the University of Pennsylvania
  • phimosis - an abnormal tightness of the foreskin preventing retraction over the glans
  • phlyctenular
  • phobia - an anxiety disorder characterized by extreme and irrational fear of simple things or social situations
  • phobias
  • phobic - suffering from irrational fears
  • phosphate - carbonated drink with fruit syrup and a little phosphoric acid; a salt of phosphoric acid
  • phosphates
  • phosphorylation
  • photosensitivity - sensitivity to the action of radiant energy
  • phyllodes
  • physeal
  • physical - having substance or material existence; perceptible to the senses; concerned with material things; characterized by energetic bodily activity; according with material things or natural laws (other than those peculiar to living matter); involving the body as distinguished from the mind or spirit; relating to the sciences dealing with matter and energy; especially physics; impelled by physical force especially against resistance
  • physician - a licensed medical practitioner
  • physiognomy -  the human face (`kisser' and `smiler' and `mug' are informal terms for `face' and `phiz' is British)
  • physiologic - of or consistent with an organism's normal functioning
  • physiology - processes and functions of an organism; the branch of the biological sciences dealing with the functioning of organisms
  • physiotherapy - therapy that uses physical agents: exercise and massage and other modalities
  • pica - magpies; eating earth or clay or chalk; occurs in some primitive tribes or sometimes in cases of nutritional deficiency; a linear unit (1/6 inch) used in printing
  • picking - the act of picking (crops or fruit or hops etc.); the quantity of a crop that is harvested
  • pigment - dry coloring matter (especially a powder to be mixed with a liquid to produce paint etc); verb color or dye with a pigment; acquire pigment; become colored or imbued
  • pigmentation - coloration of living tissues by pigment; the deposition of pigment in animals or plants or human beings
  • pigmentosa
  • pign
  • pilaris
  • pilonidal
  • pineal - having the form of a pine cone; relating to the pineal body
  • pinguecula - a slightly elevated elastic tissue deposit in the conjunctiva that may extend to the cornea but does not cover it
  • pinta
  • pinworm - small threadlike worm infesting human intestines and rectum especially in children
  • piriformis
  • pituitary - of or relating to the pituitary gland; having abnormal size with overgrown extremities resulting from abnormal pituitary secretion;  the master gland of the endocrine system; located at the base of the brain
  • pityriasis - any of several skin disorders characterized by shedding dry flakes of skin
  • placebos
  • placenta - the vascular structure in the uterus of most mammals providing oxygen and nutrients for and transferring wastes from the developing fetus; that part of the ovary of a flowering plant where the ovules form
  • placentae
  • placental - pertaining to or having or occurring by means of a placenta;  mammals having a placenta; all mammals except monotremes and marsupials
  • plague - an annoyance; any large scale calamity (especially when thought to be sent by God); any epidemic disease with a high death rate; a serious (sometimes fatal) infection of rodents caused by Yersinia pestis and accidentally transmitted to humans by the bite of a flea that has bitten an infected animal; a swarm of insects that attack plants; verb annoy continually or chronically; cause to suffer a blight
  • planning - the act or process of drawing up plans or layouts for some project or enterprise; an act of formulating a program for a definite course of action; the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening
  • plantar - relating to or occurring on the undersurface of the foot
  • planus
  • plaques
  • plasmodium - parasitic protozoan of the genus Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans; multinucleate sheet of cytoplasm characteristic of some stages of such organisms as slime molds
  • platelet - tiny bits of protoplasm found in vertebrate blood; essential for blood clotting
  • plates
  • pleura - the thin serous membrane around the lungs and inner walls of the chest
  • pleural - of or relating to the pleura or the walls of the thorax
  • pleuritis
  • pleurodesis
  • pleurodynia - pain in the chest caused by inflammation of the muscles between the ribs
  • pleuroparenchymal
  • plexus - a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels
  • plexuses
  • plmd
  • plugging
  • pneumococcal - of or derived from or caused by bacteria of the genus pneumococcus
  • pneumoconiosis - chronic respiratory disease caused by inhaling metallic or mineral particles
  • pneumocystis
  • pneumomediastinum
  • pneumonia - respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
  • pneumonias
  • pneumonitis - inflammation of the lungs; caused by a virus or an allergic reaction
  • pneumothorax - abnormal presence of air in the pleural cavity resulting in the collapse of the lung; may be spontaneous (due to injury to the chest) or induced (as a treatment for tuberculosis)
  • pockets
  • podcast
  • poems
  • pointe
  • pointes
  • pointier
  • poison - anything that harms or destroys; any substance that causes injury or illness or death of a living organism; verb administer poison to; add poison to; kill with poison; kill by its poison; spoil as if by poison
  • poisoning - the act of giving poison to a person or animal with the intent to kill; the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
  • poisons
  • polio - an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
  • poliomyelitis - an acute viral disease marked by inflammation of nerve cells of the brain stem and spinal cord
  • politics -  the profession devoted to governing and to political affairs; the study of government of states and other political units; the opinion you hold with respect to political questions; social relations involving authority or power
  • pollution - undesirable state of the natural environment being contaminated with harmful substances as a consequence of human activities; the act of contaminating or polluting; including (either intentionally or accidentally) unwanted substances or factors; the state of being polluted
  • polst
  • polyangiitis
  • polyarteritis - inflammation of several arteries
  • polychondritis
  • polycystic
  • polycythemia - a disorder characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of red blood cells in the blood
  • polyglandular
  • polyhydramnios
  • polymyalgia
  • polymyxin - any of several toxic antibiotics obtained from a particular soil bacterium
  • polyneuropathy
  • polypeptide - a peptide containing 10 to more than 100 amino acids
  • polypeptides
  • polyposis
  • polyps
  • polyuria - renal disorder characterized by the production of large volumes of pale dilute urine; often associated with diabetes
  • pompholyx
  • porencephaly
  • pork - meat from a domestic hog or pig; a legislative appropriation designed to ingratiate legislators with their constituents
  • porphyria - a genetic abnormality of metabolism causing abdominal pains and mental confusion
  • porphyrias
  • portal - a grand and imposing entrance (often extended metaphorically); a short vein that carries blood into the liver; a site that the owner positions as an entrance to other sites on the internet
  • portopulmonary
  • portosystemic
  • positional - of or relating to or determined by position
  • positioning - causing to fall into line or into position;  the act of putting something in a certain place
  • positron - an elementary particle with positive charge; interaction of a positron and an electron results in annihilation
  • postcholecystectomy
  • postdelivery
  • posterior -  at or near the hind end in quadrupeds or toward the spine in primates;  a tooth situated at the back of the mouth; the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • posterior - at or near the hind end in quadrupeds or toward the spine in primates;  a tooth situated at the back of the mouth; the fleshy part of the human body that you sit on
  • postextraction
  • postgastrectomy
  • postherpetic
  • posthitis - inflammation of the foreskin of the penis; usually caused by bacterial infection
  • postinfectious
  • postmature
  • postmaturity
  • postoperative - happening or done after a surgical operation
  • postpartum - occurring immediately after birth
  • postphlebitic
  • postpolio
  • postpoliomyelitis
  • postprandial - following a meal (especially dinner)
  • postterm
  • posttraumatic
  • potassium - a light soft silver-white metallic element of the alkali metal group; oxidizes rapidly in air and reacts violently with water; is abundant in nature in combined forms occurring in sea water and in carnallite and kainite and sylvite
  • potassiums
  • potentials
  • pouches
  • practitioner - someone who practices a learned profession
  • practitioners
  • prader
  • precautions
  • precocious - appearing or developing early; characterized by or characteristic of exceptionally early development or maturity (especially in mental aptitude)
  • predicted - known beforehand
  • prediction - the act of predicting (as by reasoning about the future); a statement made about the future
  • predictive - of or relating to prediction; having value for making predictions
  • preeclampsia - abnormal state of pregnancy characterized by hypertension and fluid retention and albuminuria; can lead to eclampsia if untreated
  • preface - a short introductory essay preceding the text of a book; verb furnish with a preface or introduction
  • pregnancy - the state of being pregnant; the period from conception to birth when a woman carries a developing fetus in her uterus
  • pregnant - carrying developing offspring within the body or being about to produce new life; filled with or attended with; rich in significance or implication
  • prelabor
  • premature - uncommonly early or before the expected time; born after a gestation period of less than the normal time; too soon or too hasty
  • prematurity - the state of being premature
  • premenstrual - of or relating to or occurring during the period just before menstruation
  • prenatal - occurring or existing before birth
  • preoperative - happening or done before and in preparation for a surgical operation
  • preparations
  • preparing
  • prepatellar
  • presenting
  • preseptal
  • preterm
  • pretest
  • prevalence - the quality of prevailing generally; being widespread; (epidemiology) the ratio (for a given time period) of the number of occurrences of a disease or event to the number of units at risk in the population; a superiority in numbers or amount
  • prevent - verb prevent from doing something or being in a certain state; keep from happening or arising; make impossible
  • preventing
  • prevention - the act of preventing
  • preventive - preventing or contributing to the prevention of disease; tending to prevent or hinder; tending to ward off;  remedy that prevents or slows the course of an illness or disease; an agent or device intended to prevent conception; any obstruction that impedes or is burdensome
  • previa
  • priapism - condition in which the penis is continually erect; usually painful and seldom with sexual arousal
  • prickly - having or covered with protective barbs or quills or spines or thorns or setae etc.; very irritable
  • primates -  an animal order including lemurs and tarsiers and monkeys and apes and human beings
  • principle - a basic truth or law or assumption; a rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a complex system; a basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can be used as a basis for reasoning or conduct; a rule or standard especially of good behavior; rule of personal conduct; (law) an explanation of the fundamental reasons (especially an explanation of the working of some device in terms of laws of nature)
  • principles
  • prion - (microbiology) an infectious protein particle similar to a virus but lacking nucleic acid; thought to be the agent responsible for scrapie and other degenerative diseases of the nervous system
  • prionopathy
  • priorities
  • privacy - the quality of being secluded from the presence or view of others; the condition of being concealed or hidden
  • probability - the quality of being probable; a probable event or the most probable event; a measure of how likely it is that some event will occur; a number expressing the ratio of favorable cases to the whole number of cases possible
  • problems
  • procedure - a mode of conducting legal and parliamentary proceedings; a particular course of action intended to achieve a result; a process or series of acts especially of a practical or mechanical nature involved in a particular form of work; a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program
  • procedures
  • procidentia
  • proctitis - inflammation of the rectum; marked by bloody stools and a frequent urge to defecate; frequently associated with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis
  • products
  • progeria - a rare abnormality marked by premature aging (grey hair and wrinkled skin and stooped posture) in a child
  • progestin - any of a group of steroid hormones that have the effect of progesterone
  • prognosis - a prediction of the course of a disease; a prediction about how something (as the weather) will develop
  • prognostic - of or relating to prediction; having value for making predictions;  a sign of something about to happen
  • programs
  • progresses
  • progressive - advancing in severity; favoring or promoting reform (often by government action); favoring or promoting progress; (of taxes) adjusted so that the rate increases as the amount of income increases; gradually advancing in extent;  a tense of verbs used in describing action that is on-going; a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
  • prolactin -  gonadotropic hormone secreted by the anterior pituitary; in females it stimulates growth of the mammary glands and lactation after parturition
  • prolapse - the slipping or falling out of place of an organ (as the uterus); verb slip or fall out of place, as of body parts
  • prolapsed
  • prom - a formal ball held for a school class toward the end of the academic year
  • promoting
  • pronunciations
  • proper - appropriate for a condition or purpose or occasion or a person's character, needs; marked by suitability or rightness or appropriateness; having all the qualities typical of the thing specified
  • proportion - harmonious arrangement or relation of parts or elements within a whole (as in a design); magnitude or extent; the quotient obtained when the magnitude of a part is divided by the magnitude of the whole; balance among the parts of something; verb adjust in size relative to other things; give pleasant proportions to
  • proptosis
  • propulsion - the act of propelling; a propelling force
  • prostate - relating to the prostate gland;  a firm partly muscular chestnut sized gland in males at the neck of the urethra; produces a viscid secretion that is the fluid part of semen
  • prostatic - relating to the prostate gland
  • prostatism
  • prostatitis - inflammation of the prostate gland characterized by perineal pain and irregular urination and (if severe) chills and fever
  • prostheses
  • prosthesis - corrective consisting of a replacement for a part of the body
  • prosthetic - relating to or serving as a prosthesis; of or relating to prosthetics
  • prosthetics - the branch of medicine dealing with the production and use of artificial body parts
  • protease - any enzyme that catalyzes the splitting of proteins into smaller peptide fractions and amino acids by a process known as proteolysis
  • protect - verb shield from danger, injury, destruction, or damage; use tariffs to favor domestic industry
  • protected -  guarded from injury or destruction; kept safe or defended from danger or injury or loss
  • protective - (usually followed by `of') solicitously caring or mindful; intended or adapted to afford protection of some kind; showing a care
  • proteeae
  • protein - any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes
  • proteinosis
  • proteins
  • proteinuria - the presence of excessive protein (chiefly albumin but also globulin) in the urine; usually a symptom of kidney disorder
  • prothrombin - a protein in blood plasma that is the inactive precursor of thrombin
  • protoporphyria
  • protozoa - in some classifications considered a superphylum or a subkingdom; comprises flagellates; ciliates; sporozoans; amoebas; foraminifers
  • protozoan - of or relating to the Protozoa;  any of diverse minute acellular or unicellular organisms usually nonphotosynthetic
  • protracted - relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
  • providers
  • providing
  • provoked - incited, especially deliberately, to anger
  • prox - in or of the next month after the present
  • proximal - situated nearest to point of attachment or origin
  • prune - dried plum; verb weed out unwanted or unnecessary things; cultivate, tend, and cut back the growth of
  • pruritic
  • pruritus - an intense itching sensation that can have various causes (as by allergies or infection or lymphoma or jaundice etc.)
  • pseudofolliculitis
  • pseudohypoaldosteronism
  • pseudomonas - type genus of the family Pseudomonodaceae
  • pseudoxanthoma
  • psoriasis - a chronic skin disease characterized by dry red patches covered with scales; occurs especially on the scalp and ears and genitalia and the skin over bony prominences
  • psoriatic
  • psvt
  • psychiatric - relating to or used in or engaged in the practice of psychiatry
  • psychologic
  • psychological - mental or emotional as opposed to physical in nature; of or relating to or determined by psychology
  • psychosis - any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
  • psychosocial
  • psychotic - characteristic of or suffering from psychosis;  a person afflicted with psychosis
  • ptca
  • pterygium - either of two thickened triangular layers of conjunctiva extending from the nasal edge of the eye to the cornea; it arises from irritation of the pinguecula
  • ptsd - an anxiety disorder associated with serious traumatic events and characterized by such symptoms as survivor guilt, reliving the trauma in dreams, numbness and lack of involvement with reality, or recurrent thoughts and images
  • puberty - the time of life when sex glands become functional
  • pubic - relating or near the pubis
  • public - affecting the people or community as a whole; not private; open to or concerning the people as a whole;  a body of people sharing some common interest; people in general considered as a whole
  • publishing - the business of issuing printed matter for sale or distribution
  • puerperal - relating to or connected with or occurring at the time of childbirth or shortly following, or to the woman who has just given birth
  • pugh
  • pulling - the act of pulling; applying force to move something toward or with you
  • pulmonale
  • pulmonary - relating to or affecting the lungs
  • pulmonic - relating to or affecting the lungs
  • pulpitis
  • pulposus
  • punch - (boxing) a blow with the fist; a tool for making holes or indentations; an iced mixed drink usually containing alcohol and prepared for multiple servings; normally served in a punch bowl; verb deliver a quick blow to; make a hole into or between, as for ease of separation; drive forcibly as if by a punch
  • punctate
  • puncture - the act of puncturing or perforating; a small hole made by a sharp object; loss of air pressure in a tire when a hole is made by some sharp object; verb be pierced or punctured; cause to lose air pressure or collapse by piercing; pierce with a pointed object; make a hole into; make by piercing; reduce or lessen the size or importance of
  • pupils
  • pure - in a state of sexual virginity; concerned with theory and data rather than practice; opposed to applied; free from discordant qualities; (used of persons or behaviors) having no faults; sinless; free of extraneous elements of any kind; (of color) being chromatically pure; not diluted with white or grey or black; without qualification; used informally as (often pejorative) intensifiers
  • purine - a colorless crystalline organic base containing nitrogen; the parent compound of various biologically important substances; any of several bases that are derivatives of purine
  • purpura - any of several blood diseases causing subcutaneous bleeding
  • purulent - "a purulent wound"
  • puss - informal terms referring to a domestic cat; obscene terms for female genitals
  • pyelonephritis - inflammation of the kidney and its pelvis caused by bacterial infection
  • pylori
  • pyloric - relating to or near the pylorus
  • pyoderma
  • pyogenic - producing pus
  • pyrimidine - a heterocyclic organic compound with a penetrating odor; any of several basic compounds derived from pyrimidine
  • pyrophosphate - a salt or ester of pyrophosphoric acid
  • pyruvate
  • quality - of high social status; of superior grade;  an essential and distinguishing attribute of something or someone; a degree or grade of excellence or worth; a characteristic property that defines the apparent individual nature of something; high social status; (music) the distinctive property of a complex sound (a voice or noise or musical sound)
  • quark -  (physics) hypothetical truly fundamental particle in mesons and baryons; there are supposed to be six flavors of quarks (and their antiquarks), which come in pairs; each has an electric charge of +2/3 or -1/3; fresh unripened cheese of a smooth texture made from pasteurized milk, a starter, and rennet
  • quervain
  • questionnaire - a form containing a set of questions; submitted to people to gain statistical information
  • questions
  • quick - easily aroused or excited; accomplished rapidly and without delay; apprehending and responding with speed and sensitivity; moving quickly and lightly; performed with little or no delay; hurried and brief;  with little or no delay;  any area of the body that is highly sensitive to pain (as the flesh underneath the skin or a fingernail or toenail)
  • quinupristin
  • quiz - an examination consisting of a few short questions; verb examine someone's knowledge of something
  • quizzes
  • rabies - an acute viral disease of the nervous system of warm-blooded animals (usually transmitted by the bite of a rabid animal); rabies is fatal if the virus reaches the brain
  • radial - arranged like rays or radii; radiating from a common center; issuing in rays from a common center; relating to rays of light; relating to or moving along or having the direction of a radius; relating to or near the radius;  pneumatic tire that has radial-ply casing
  • radiocapitellar
  • radiographic - relating to or produced by radiography
  • radiography - photography that uses other kinds of radiation than visible light; the process of making a radiograph; producing an image on a radiosensitive surface by radiation other than visible light
  • radiologic
  • radiological - of or relating to radiology
  • radionuclide
  • radius - the length of a line segment between the center and circumference of a circle or sphere; the outer and slightly shorter of the two bones of the human forearm; a circular region whose area is indicated by the length of its radius; a straight line from the center to the perimeter of a circle (or from the center to the surface of a sphere); support consisting of a radial member of a wheel joining the hub to the rim
  • raised - increased especially to abnormal levels; above the surround or above the normal position; embellished with a raised pattern created by pressure or embroidery
  • rape - the crime of forcing a woman to submit to sexual intercourse against her will; the act of despoiling a country in warfare; Eurasian plant cultivated for its seed and as a forage crop; verb destroy and strip of its possession; force (someone) to have sex against their will
  • rapidly - with rapid movements
  • rare - not widely distributed; not widely known; especially valued for its uncommonness; (of meat) cooked a short time; still red inside; recurring only at long intervals; marked by an uncommon quality; especially superlative or extreme of its kind; having low density
  • rash - imprudently incurring risk; marked by defiant disregard for danger or consequences;  a series of unexpected and unpleasant occurrences; any red eruption of the skin
  • rashes
  • rashkind
  • rate - amount of a charge or payment relative to some basis; a quantity or amount or measure considered as a proportion of another quantity or amount or measure; a magnitude or frequency relative to a time unit; the relative speed of progress or change; verb assign a rank or rating to; estimate the value of; be worthy of or have a certain rating
  • rates - a local tax on property (usually used in the plural)
  • ratings
  • ratio - the relative magnitudes of two quantities (usually expressed as a quotient)
  • raynaud
  • rays
  • reactions
  • reactive - participating readily in reactions; tending to react to a stimulus
  • readers
  • ready - (of especially money) immediately available; brought into readiness; completely prepared or in condition for immediate action or use or progress; mentally disposed; apprehending and responding with speed and sensitivity;  poised for action; verb make ready or suitable or equip in advance for a particular purpose or for some use, event, etc; prepare for eating by applying heat
  • rebuilding - building again
  • receptor -  a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response; an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
  • receptor - a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response; an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
  • recession - the act of ceding back; the withdrawal of the clergy and choir from the chancel to the vestry at the end of a church service; the state of the economy declines; a widespread decline in the GDP and employment and trade lasting from six months to a year; the act of becoming more distant; a small concavity
  • recessive - (of genes) producing its characteristic phenotype only when its allele is identical; of or pertaining to a recession;  an allele that produces its characteristic phenotype only when its paired allele is identical
  • recompression
  • reconstruction - the activity of constructing something again; recall that is hypothesized to work by storing abstract features which are then used to construct the memory during recall; an interpretation formed by piecing together bits of evidence; the period after the American Civil War when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union; 1865-1877
  • records
  • recreational - of or relating to recreation; engaged in as a pastime
  • rectal - of or involving the rectum
  • rectum - the terminal section of the alimentary canal; from the sigmoid flexure to the anus
  • recurrent - recurring again and again
  • recurring - coming back
  • redirect - verb channel into a new direction
  • redness - red color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of blood; a response of body tissues to injury or irritation; characterized by pain and swelling and redness and heat
  • redrawn
  • reduction - the act of reducing complexity; any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent; the act of decreasing or reducing something
  • reentrant - (of angles) pointing inward
  • reentry - the act of entering again
  • referred
  • reflex - without volition or conscious control;  an automatic instinctive unlearned reaction to a stimulus
  • reflexes
  • reflexology
  • reflux - an abnormal backward flow of body fluids; the outward flow of the tide
  • refraction - the change in direction of a propagating wave (light or sound) when passing from one medium to another; the amount by which a propagating wave is bent
  • refractive - of or relating to or capable of refraction; capable of changing the direction (of a light or sound wave)
  • regimen - (medicine) a systematic plan for therapy (often including diet)
  • region - the extended spatial location of something; a large indefinite location on the surface of the Earth; the approximate amount of something (usually used prepositionally as in `in the region of'); a part of an animal that has a special function or is supplied by a given artery or nerve; a knowledge domain that you are interested in or are communicating about
  • regional - related or limited to a particular region; characteristic of a region
  • regulating - the act of controlling or directing according to rule
  • regulation - prescribed by or according to regulation;  the act of controlling or directing according to rule; the act of bringing to uniformity; making regular; an authoritative rule; (embryology) the ability of an early embryo to continue normal development after its structure has been somehow damaged or altered; the state of being controlled or governed; a principle or condition that customarily governs behavior
  • regurgitation - recall after rote memorization; backflow of blood through a defective heart valve; the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • rehabilitation - the restoration of someone to a useful place in society; the treatment of physical disabilities by massage and electrotherapy and exercises; vindication of a person's character and the re-establishment of that person's reputation; the conversion of wasteland into land suitable for use of habitation or cultivation
  • rehabilitative - designed to accomplish rehabilitation; helping to restore to good condition
  • rehydration
  • reiki
  • relapsing - a failure to maintain a higher state
  • related - connected by kinship, common origin, or marriage; being connected either logically or causally or by shared characteristics; having close kinship and appropriateness; similar or related in quality or character
  • relationships
  • religion - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; an institution to express belief in a divine power
  • removal - dismissal from office; the act of removing
  • remove - degree of figurative distance or separation; verb remove something concrete, as by lifting, pushing, or taking off, or remove something abstract; get rid of something abstract; shift the position or location of, as for business, legal, educational, or military purposes; remove from a position or an office; go away or leave; dispose of; cause to leave; kill intentionally and with premeditation
  • removed -  separated in relationship by a given degree of descent; separate or apart in time; taken out of or separated from
  • removed - separated in relationship by a given degree of descent; separate or apart in time; taken out of or separated from
  • removing
  • renal - of or relating to the kidneys
  • renin - a proteolytic enzyme secreted by the kidneys; catalyzes the formation of angiotensin and thus affects blood pressure
  • renovascular
  • repairing
  • repetitive - characterized by repetition; persistently continual
  • replace - verb substitute a person or thing for (another that is broken or inefficient or lost or no longer working or yielding what is expected); put something back where it belongs; put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items; take the place or move into the position of
  • replacement - the act of furnishing an equivalent person or thing in the place of another; a person or thing that takes or can take the place of another; an event in which one thing is substituted for another; a person who follows next in order; someone who takes the place of another person; filling again by supplying what has been used up
  • replacing - the act of furnishing an equivalent person or thing in the place of another
  • reproductive - producing new life or offspring
  • require - verb make someone do something; consider obligatory; request and expect; have need of; require as useful, just, or proper
  • requirements
  • requiring
  • researching
  • resection - surgical removal of part of a structure or organ
  • resident - living in a particular place; used of animals that do not migrate;  someone who lives at a particular place for a prolonged period or who was born there; a physician (especially an intern) who lives in a hospital and cares for hospitalized patients under the supervision of the medical staff of the hospital
  • residential - used or designed for residence or limited to residences; of or relating to or connected with residence
  • residual - relating to or indicating a remainder;  (often plural) a payment that is made to a performer or writer or director of a television show or commercial that is paid for every repeat showing; something left after other parts have been taken away
  • resize - verb change the size of; make the size more appropriate
  • resolved - determined; explained or answered
  • resources
  • respiratory - pertaining to respiration
  • respite - a pause from doing something (as work); a pause for relaxation; the act of reprieving; postponing or remitting punishment; an interruption in the intensity or amount of something; a (temporary) relief from harm or discomfort; verb postpone the punishment of a convicted criminal, such as an execution
  • responding
  • response - a phrase recited or sung by the congregation following a versicle by the priest or minister; a result; a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some foregoing stimulus or agent; the manner in which something is greeted; a statement (either spoken or written) that is made in reply to a question or request or criticism or accusation; the speech act of continuing a conversational exchange
  • responses
  • restless - worried and uneasy; ceaselessly in motion; unable to relax or be still; not affording rest
  • restrictive - (of tariff) protective of national interests by restricting imports; serving to restrict
  • results
  • resuscitate - verb cause to regain consciousness; return to consciousness
  • resuscitation - the act of reviving a person and returning them to consciousness
  • resynchronization
  • retention - the act of retaining something; the power of retaining liquid; the power of retaining and recalling past experience
  • reticulocyte - an immature red blood cell containing a network of filaments or granules
  • retina - the light-sensitive membrane covering the back wall of the eyeball; it is continuous with the optic nerve
  • retinal - in or relating to the retina of the eye;  either of two yellow to red retinal pigments formed from rhodopsin by the action of light
  • retinitis - inflammation of the retina
  • retinoblastoma - malignant ocular tumor of retinal cells; usually occurs before the third year of life; composed of primitive small round retinal cells
  • retinopathy
  • retirement - withdrawal for prayer and study and meditation; withdrawal from your position or occupation; the state of being retired from one's business or occupation
  • retractile - capable of retraction; capable of being drawn back
  • retropharyngeal
  • rett
  • revascularization
  • reviewers
  • revised - improved or brought up to date; altered or revised by rephrasing or by adding or deleting material
  • reye
  • rhabdomyolysis
  • rhabdomyosarcoma - a highly malignant neoplasm derived from striated muscle
  • rheumatic - of or pertaining to arthritis;  a person suffering with rheumatism
  • rheumatica
  • rheumatoid - of or pertaining to arthritis
  • rhinitis - an inflammation of the mucous membrane lining the nose (usually associated with nasal discharge)
  • rhinorrhea - persistent watery mucus discharge from the nose (as in the common cold)
  • rhythm - recurring at regular intervals; the arrangement of spoken words alternating stressed and unstressed elements; the basic rhythmic unit in a piece of music; natural family planning in which ovulation is assumed to occur 14 days before the onset of a period (the fertile period would be assumed to extend from day 10 through day 18 of her cycle); an interval during which a recurring sequence of events occurs
  • rhythms
  • riboflavin - a B vitamin that prevents skin lesions and weight loss
  • ribs
  • rickets - childhood disease caused by deficiency of vitamin D and sunlight associated with impaired metabolism of calcium and phosphorus
  • rickettsiae
  • rickettsial - relating to or caused by rickettsias
  • rickettsialpox - mild infectious rickettsial disease caused by a bacterium of the genus Rickettsia transmitted to humans by the bite a mite that lives on rodents; characterized by chills and fever and headache and skin lesions that resemble chickenpox
  • rickettsioses
  • rifamycins
  • ringing - having a tendency to reverberate or be repeatedly reflected;  the giving of a ring as a token of engagement; having the character of a loud deep sound; the quality of being resonant; the sound of a bell ringing
  • ringworm - infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
  • riot - a public act of violence by an unruly mob; a wild gathering involving excessive drinking and promiscuity; a joke that seems extremely funny; a state of disorder involving group violence; verb take part in a riot; disturb the public peace by engaging in a riot; engage in boisterous, drunken merrymaking
  • risk - a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury; the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent; the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred; a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune; verb expose to a chance of loss or damage; take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome
  • risks
  • river - a large natural stream of water (larger than a creek)
  • rmsf
  • rocky - full of hardship or trials; abounding in rocks or stones; liable to rock; causing or characterized by jolts and irregular movements
  • role - normal or customary activity of a person in a particular social setting; the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group; what something is used for; an actor's portrayal of someone in a play
  • romhilt
  • room - an area within a building enclosed by walls and floor and ceiling; the people who are present in a room; space for movement; opportunity for; verb live and take one's meals at or in
  • roots - the condition of belonging to a particular place or group by virtue of social or ethnic or cultural lineage
  • rosacea - a skin disease of adults (more often women) in which blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance
  • rosai
  • rosea
  • roseola - any red eruption of the skin
  • rotation - the act of rotating as if on an axis; a planned recurrent sequence (of crops or personnel etc.); a single complete turn (axial or orbital); (mathematics) a transformation in which the coordinate axes are rotated by a fixed angle about the origin
  • rotational - of or pertaining to rotation
  • rotator
  • rotavirus - the reovirus causing infant enteritis
  • roundworms
  • routine - occurring at fixed times or predictable intervals; found in the ordinary course of events;  an unvarying or habitual method or procedure; a set sequence of steps, part of larger computer program; a short theatrical performance that is part of a longer program
  • rpgn
  • rubella - a contagious viral disease that is a milder form of measles lasting three or four days; can be damaging to a fetus during the first trimester
  • rubra
  • rumination - regurgitation of small amounts of food; seen in some infants after feeding; (of ruminants) chewing (the cud); a calm lengthy intent consideration
  • rupture - the act of making a sudden noisy break; a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions); state of being torn or burst open; verb separate or cause to separate abruptly
  • ruptures
  • sachs
  • saddle - posterior part of the back of a domestic fowl; a seat for the rider of a horse; a piece of leather across the instep of a shoe; cut of meat (especially mutton or lamb) consisting of part of the backbone and both loins; a seat for the rider of a bicycle; a pass or ridge that slopes gently between two peaks (is shaped like a saddle); verb load or burden; encumber; put a saddle on; impose a task upon, assign a responsibility to
  • sadism - sexual pleasure obtained by inflicting harm (physical or psychological) on others
  • sadni
  • safely - with safety; in a safe manner
  • saginata
  • salicylate - a salt of salicylic acid (included in several commonly used drugs)
  • salivary - of or relating to saliva
  • salmonella - rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; cause typhoid fever and food poisoning; can be used as a bioweapon
  • salter - someone who makes or deals in salt; someone who uses salt to preserve meat or fish or other foods
  • salvage - the act of rescuing a ship or its crew or its cargo from a shipwreck or a fire; the act of saving goods or property that were in danger of damage or destruction; property or goods saved from damage or destruction; verb collect discarded or refused material; save from ruin, destruction, or harm
  • same - unchanged in character or nature; closely similar or comparable in kind or quality or quantity or degree; same in identity; equal in amount or value;  the language of nomadic Lapps in northern Scandinavia and the Kola Peninsula; a member of an indigenous nomadic people living in northern Scandinavia and herding reindeer
  • sample - a small part of something intended as representative of the whole; all or part of a natural object that is collected and preserved as an example of its class; items selected at random from a population and used to test hypotheses about the population; verb take a sample of
  • sampling - (statistics) the selection of a suitable sample for study; measurement at regular intervals of the amplitude of a varying waveform (in order to convert it to digital form); items selected at random from a population and used to test hypotheses about the population
  • sanaka
  • sandhoff
  • sarcoidosis - a chronic disease of unknown cause marked by the formation of nodules in the lungs and liver and lymph glands and salivary glands
  • sarcoma - a usually malignant tumor arising from connective tissue (bone or muscle etc.); one of the four major types of cancer
  • sarcomas
  • sars - a respiratory disease of unknown etiology that apparently originated in mainland China in 2003; characterized by fever and coughing or difficulty breathing or hypoxia; can be fatal
  • saturation - the act of soaking thoroughly with a liquid; chromatic purity: freedom from dilution with white and hence vivid in hue; a condition in which a quantity no longer responds to some external influence; the process of totally saturating something with a substance
  • scabies - a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite; characterized by persistent itching and skin irritation
  • scalded
  • scales
  • scaling - ascent by or as if by a ladder; act of measuring or arranging or adjusting according to a scale; the act of arranging in a graduated series
  • scalp - the skin that covers the top of the head; verb remove the scalp of; sell illegally, as on the black market
  • scan - the act of scanning; systematic examination of a prescribed region; an image produced by scanning; verb read metrically; make a wide, sweeping search of; move a light beam over; in electronics, to reproduce an image; examine hastily; examine minutely or intensely; conform to a metrical pattern; obtain data from magnetic tapes
  • scanning - the act of systematically moving a finely focused beam of light or electrons over a surface in order to produce an image of it for analysis or transmission; the process of translating photographs into a digital form that can be recognized by a computer
  • scans
  • scaphoid - shaped like a boat
  • scapular - relating to or near the shoulder blade;  a feather covering the shoulder of a bird; garment consisting of a long wide piece of woolen cloth worn over the shoulders with an opening for the head; part of a monastic habit
  • scfe
  • schedule - an ordered list of times at which things are planned to occur; a temporally organized plan for matters to be attended to; verb plan for an activity or event; make a schedule; plan the time and place for events
  • scheinker
  • scheuermann
  • schistosoma - type genus of the family Schistosomatidae: blood flukes
  • schistosomiasis - an infestation with or a resulting infection caused by a parasite of the genus Schistosoma; common in the tropics and Far East; symptoms depend on the part of the body infected
  • schizoaffective
  • schizoid - marked by withdrawal and inability to form close relationships; of or relating to or characteristic of schizophrenia;  characterized by symptoms similar to but less severe than schizophrenia
  • schizophrenia - any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
  • schizophreniform
  • schizotypal
  • schlatter
  • scholar -  a learned person (especially in the humanities); someone who by long study has gained mastery in one or more disciplines; a student who holds a scholarship; someone (especially a child) who learns (as from a teacher) or takes up knowledge or beliefs
  • sciatic - of or relating to the ischium (or the part of the hipbone containing it); relating to or caused by or afflicted with sciatica
  • sciatica - neuralgia along the sciatic nerve
  • scid - a congenital disease affecting T cells that can result from a mutation in any one of several different genes; children with it are susceptible to infectious disease; if untreated it is lethal within the first year or two of life
  • science -  a particular branch of scientific knowledge; ability to produce solutions in some problem domain
  • science - a particular branch of scientific knowledge; ability to produce solutions in some problem domain
  • scleral
  • scleritis - inflammation of the sclera
  • sclerosing
  • sclerosis - any pathological hardening or thickening of tissue
  • sclerosus
  • scoliosis - an abnormal lateral curve to the vertebral column
  • scoring - evaluation of performance by assigning a grade or score
  • scorpion - arachnid of warm dry regions having a long segmented tail ending in a venomous sting; the eighth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about October 23 to November 21; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Scorpio
  • scpd
  • scraping - (usually plural) a fragment scraped off of something and collected; a deep bow with the foot drawn backwards (indicating excessive humility); a harsh noise made by scraping
  • screener - a guard at an airport who checks passengers or their luggage at a security checkpoint
  • screening - testing objects or persons in order to identify those with particular characteristics; fabric of metal or plastic mesh; the display of a motion picture; the act of concealing the existence of something by obstructing the view of it
  • scrotal - relating to or having or lying within a scrotum
  • scrub - (of domestic animals) not selectively bred;  the act of cleaning a surface by rubbing it with a brush and soap and water; dense vegetation consisting of stunted trees or bushes; verb wash thoroughly; clean with hard rubbing; postpone indefinitely or annul something that was scheduled
  • seafood - edible fish (broadly including freshwater fish) or shellfish or roe etc
  • seasonal - occurring at or dependent on a particular season;  a worker who finds employment only in certain seasons
  • seborrheic
  • secondary - belonging to a lower class or rank; not of major importance; being of second rank or importance or value; not direct or immediate; depending on or incidental to what is original or primary; inferior in rank or status;  the defensive football players who line up behind the linemen; coil such that current is induced in it by passing a current through the primary coil
  • secretion - a functionally specialized substance (especially one that is not a waste) released from a gland or cell; the organic process of synthesizing and releasing some substance
  • secretory - of or relating to or producing a secretion
  • sedative - tending to soothe or tranquilize;  a drug that reduces excitability and calms a person
  • sedatives
  • segmental - divided or organized into speech segments or isolable speech sounds; having the body divided into successive metameres or segments, as in earthworms or lobsters
  • seizure - the taking possession of something by legal process; a sudden occurrence (or recurrence) of a disease; the act of forcibly dispossessing an owner of property; the act of taking of a person by force
  • seizures
  • select - selected or chosen for special qualifications; of superior grade; verb pick out, select, or choose from a number of alternatives
  • selected - chosen in preference to another
  • selective - tending to select; characterized by careful choice; characterized by very careful or fastidious selection
  • selectivity - the property of being selective
  • selenium - a toxic nonmetallic element related to sulfur and tellurium; occurs in several allotropic forms; a stable grey metallike allotrope conducts electricity better in the light than in the dark and is used in photocells; occurs in sulfide ores (as pyrite)
  • self - (used as a combining form) relating to--of or by or to or from or for--the self;  your consciousness of your own identity; a person considered as a unique individual
  • sella
  • semen - the thick white fluid containing spermatozoa that is ejaculated by the male genital tract
  • senile - mentally or physically infirm with age
  • sensation - an unelaborated elementary awareness of stimulation; a general feeling of excitement and heightened interest; a state of widespread public excitement and interest; the faculty through which the external world is apprehended; someone who is dazzlingly skilled in any field
  • sensitive - of or pertaining to classified information or matters affecting national security; hurting; responsive to physical stimuli; being susceptible to the attitudes, feelings, or circumstances of others; able to feel or perceive;  someone who serves as an intermediary between the living and the dead
  • sensitivity - the ability to respond to affective changes in your interpersonal environment; the ability to respond to physical stimuli or to register small physical amounts or differences; (physiology) responsiveness to external stimuli; the faculty of sensation; sensitivity to emotional feelings (of self and others); susceptibility to a pathogen
  • sensitization - (psychology) the process of becoming highly sensitive to specific events or situations (especially emotional events or situations); the state of being sensitive (as to an antigen); rendering an organism sensitive to a serum by a series of injections
  • sensory - involving or derived from the senses; of a nerve fiber or impulse originating outside and passing toward the central nervous system; relating to or concerned in sensation
  • sentinel - a person employed to watch for something to happen
  • separation - the act of dividing or disconnecting; the social act of separating or parting company; sorting one thing from others; the termination of employment (by resignation or dismissal); coming apart; the space where a division or parting occurs; the state of lacking unity; (law) the cessation of cohabitation of man and wife (either by mutual agreement or under a court order); the distance between things
  • sepsis - the presence of pus-forming bacteria or their toxins in the blood or tissues
  • sept - people descended from a common ancestor; the month following August and preceding October
  • septal - of or relating to a septum
  • septic - containing or resulting from disease-causing organisms; of or relating to or caused by putrefaction
  • septo
  • septum - (anatomy) a dividing partition between two tissues or cavities; a partition or wall especially in an ovary
  • sequelae
  • sequestration - seizing property that belongs to someone else and holding it until profits pay the demand for which it was seized; a writ that authorizes the seizure of property; the action of forming a chelate or other stable compound with an ion or atom or molecule so that it is no longer available for reactions; the act of segregating or sequestering
  • serialis
  • seronegative
  • serotonin - a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory
  • serratia - a genus of motile peritrichous bacteria that contain small Gram-negative rod
  • serum - watery fluid of the blood that resembles plasma but contains fibrinogen
  • sesamoid - any of several small round bones formed in a tendon where it passes over a joint
  • sesamoiditis
  • settings
  • sever - verb set or keep apart; cut off from a whole
  • several - distinct and individual; (used with count s) of an indefinite number more than 2 or 3 but not many; considered individually
  • severe - very bad in degree or extent; unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment; intensely or extremely bad or unpleasant in degree or quality; causing fear or anxiety by threatening great harm; severely simple; very strong or vigorous
  • severed - detached by cutting
  • severely - to a severe or serious degree; causing great damage or hardship; with sternness; in a severe manner
  • severity - excessive sternness; extreme plainness; something hard to endure; used of the degree of something undesirable e.g. pain or weather
  • sexual -  having or involving sex; of or relating to or characterized by sexuality; involved in a sexual relationship
  • sexual - having or involving sex; of or relating to or characterized by sexuality; involved in a sexual relationship
  • sexuality - the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles
  • sexually - by sexual means; with respect to sexuality
  • shallow - lacking physical depth; having little spatial extension downward or inward from an outer surface or backward or outward from a center; not deep or strong; not affecting one deeply; lacking depth of intellect or knowledge; concerned only with what is obvious;  a stretch of shallow water; verb become shallow; make shallow
  • shapes
  • shared - have in common; held or experienced in common; distributed in portions (often equal) on the basis of a plan or purpose
  • sheath - a protective covering for a knife or sword; an enveloping structure or covering enclosing an animal or plant organ or part; a dress suitable for formal occasions
  • shellfish - meat of edible aquatic invertebrate with a shell (especially a mollusk or crustacean); invertebrate having a soft unsegmented body usually enclosed in a shell
  • shigellosis - an acute infection of the intestine by shigella bacteria; characterized by diarrhea and fever and abdominal pains
  • shin - the front part of the human leg between the knee and the ankle; the 22nd letter of the Hebrew alphabet; a cut of meat from the lower part of the leg; the inner and thicker of the two bones of the human leg between the knee and ankle; verb climb awkwardly, as if by scrambling
  • shingles - eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia
  • shortness - the property of being shorter than average stature; the property of being of short temporal extent; the property of being of short spatial extent; the property of being truncated or short; the condition of being short of something; an abrupt discourteous manner
  • shoulder - narrow edge of land (usually unpaved) along the side of a road; the part of the body between the neck and the upper arm; a ball-and-socket joint between the head of the humerus and a cavity of the scapula; a cut of beef from the shoulder of the animal; verb push with the shoulders; carry a burden, either real or metaphoric; lift onto one's shoulders
  • shrub - a low woody perennial plant usually having several major branches
  • shunt - implant consisting of a tube made of plastic or rubber; for draining fluids within the body; a conductor having low resistance in parallel with another device to divert a fraction of the current; a passage by which a bodily fluid (especially blood) is diverted from one channel to another; verb transfer to another track, of trains; provide with or divert by means of an electrical shunt
  • siadh
  • sialadenitis - inflammation of the salivary glands
  • sicca
  • sick - deeply affected by a strong feeling; shockingly repellent; inspiring horror; having a strong distaste from surfeit; affected with madness or insanity; (of light) lacking in intensity or brightness; dim or feeble; affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function; feeling nausea; feeling about to vomit;  people who are sick; verb eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • sickle - an edge tool for cutting grass or crops; has a curved blade and a short handle
  • sicklecellanemia
  • sickness - defectiveness or unsoundness; impairment of normal physiological function affecting part or all of an organism; the state that precedes vomiting
  • sideroblastic
  • sids - sudden and unexpected death of an apparently healthy infant during sleep
  • sigmoidoscopy - visual examination (with a sigmoidoscope) of the lower third of the colon in a search for polyps
  • signaling -  any communication that encodes a message
  • significance - the quality of being significant; a meaning that is not expressly stated but can be inferred; the message that is intended or expressed or signified
  • signs
  • silent - having a frequency below or above the range of human audibility; not made to sound; marked by absence of sound; unable to speak because of hereditary deafness; failing to speak or communicate etc when expected to; indicated by necessary connotation though not expressed directly
  • silicosis - a lung disease caused by inhaling particles of silica or quartz or slate
  • simple - unornamented; (botany) of leaf shapes; of leaves having no divisions or subdivisions; having few parts; not complex or complicated or involved; easy and not involved or complicated; apart from anything else; without additions or modifications; lacking mental capacity and devoid of subtlety; exhibiting childlike simplicity and credulity;  any herbaceous plant having medicinal properties; a person lacking intelligence or common sense
  • simplex - allowing communication in only one direction at a time, or in telegraphy allowing only one message over a line at a time; having only one part or element
  • simplified - made easy or uncomplicated
  • sinus - any of various air-filled cavities especially in the bones of the skull; a wide channel containing blood; does not have the coating of an ordinary blood vessel; an abnormal passage leading from a suppurating cavity to the body surface
  • sinuses
  • sinusitis - inflammation of one of the paranasal sinuses
  • sinusoidal - having a succession of waves or curves
  • sister -  a female person who is a fellow member of a sorority or labor union or other group; (Roman Catholic Church) a title given to a nun (and used as a form of address); a female person who has the same parents as another person; (slang) sometimes used as a term of address for attractive young women
  • site - physical position in relation to the surroundings; the piece of land on which something is located (or is to be located); a computer connected to the internet that maintains a series of web pages on the World Wide Web; verb assign a location to
  • sixth - coming next after the fifth and just before the seventh in position;  the musical interval between one note and another six notes away from it; position six in a countable series of things; one part in six equal parts
  • sized - having a specified size; having the surface treated or coated with sizing
  • skene
  • sketch - preliminary drawing for later elaboration; short descriptive summary (of events); a brief literary description; a humorous or satirical drawing published in a newspaper or magazine; verb describe roughly or briefly or give the main points or summary of; make a sketch of
  • skilled - having or showing or requiring special skill
  • skull - the bony skeleton of the head of vertebrates
  • sleep - a natural and periodic state of rest during which consciousness of the world is suspended; a torpid state resembling deep sleep; a period of time spent sleeping; euphemisms for death (based on an analogy between lying in a bed and in a tomb); verb be asleep; be able to accommodate for sleeping
  • sleepiness - a very sleepy state
  • sleeping - lying with head on paws as if sleeping;  the suspension of consciousness and decrease in metabolic rate; the state of being asleep; quiet and inactive restfulness
  • slipped
  • slit - a long narrow opening; a narrow fissure; obscene terms for female genitals; a depression scratched or carved into a surface; verb cut a slit into; make a clean cut through
  • slowly - without speed (`slow' is sometimes used informally for `slowly'); in music
  • smallpox - a highly contagious viral disease characterized by fever and weakness and skin eruption with pustules that form scabs that slough off leaving scars
  • smas
  • smell - the act of perceiving the odor of something; the faculty that enables us to distinguish scents; the sensation that results when olfactory receptors in the nose are stimulated by particular chemicals in gaseous form; any property detected by the olfactory system; the general atmosphere of a place or situation and the effect that it has on people; verb emit an odor; smell bad; inhale the odor of; perceive by the olfactory sense
  • smoking - emitting smoke in great volume;  the act of smoking tobacco or other substances; a hot vapor containing fine particles of carbon being produced by combustion
  • snakebites
  • snoring - breathing during sleep with harsh noises caused by vibration of the uvula or soft palate;  the act of snoring or producing a snoring sound
  • social - marked by friendly companionship with others; living together or enjoying life in communities or organized groups; tending to move or live together in groups or colonies of the same kind; composed of sociable people or formed for the purpose of sociability; relating to human society and its members; relating to or belonging to or characteristic of high society;  a party of people assembled to promote sociability and communal activity
  • sociology -  the study and classification of human societies
  • socket - a receptacle into which an electric device can be inserted; receptacle where something (a pipe or probe or end of a bone) is inserted; a bony hollow into which a structure fits
  • sodium - a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
  • sodiums
  • solitary - remote or secluded; being the only one; single and isolated from others; characterized by or preferring solitude; lacking companions or companionship; of plants and animals; not growing or living in groups or colonies;  one who lives in solitude; confinement of a prisoner in isolation from other prisoners
  • solium
  • solvents
  • somatic - affecting or characteristic of the body as opposed to the mind or spirit
  • somatization
  • some - relatively many but unspecified in number; relatively much but unspecified in amount or extent; remarkable; quantifier; used with either mass s or plural count s to indicate an unspecified number or quantity;  (of quantities) imprecise but fairly close to correct
  • sore - roused to anger; hurting; causing misery or pain or distress;  an open skin infection
  • sores
  • south - situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the south;  in a southern direction;  any region lying in or toward the south; the region of the United States lying south of the Mason-Dixon line; the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees; the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
  • spacing - the property possessed by an array of things that have space between them; the time between occurrences of a repeating event
  • sparganosis
  • spasm - (pathology) sudden constriction of a hollow organ (as a blood vessel); a painful and involuntary muscular contraction
  • spasmodic - occurring in spells and often abruptly; affected by involuntary jerky muscular contractions; resembling a spasm
  • spasms
  • spastic - suffering from spastic paralysis; relating to or characterized by spasm; affected by involuntary jerky muscular contractions; resembling a spasm;  a person suffering from spastic paralysis
  • spatial - pertaining to or involving or having the nature of space
  • specificity - the quality of being specific rather than general; the quality of being specific to a particular organism
  • spectinomycin - an antibiotic used to treat gonorrhea
  • spectrum - broad range of related values or qualities or ideas or activities; an ordered array of the components of an emission or wave
  • speech - (language) communication by word of mouth; the exchange of spoken words; something spoken; the mental faculty or power of vocal communication; a lengthy rebuke; words making up the dialogue of a play; your characteristic style or manner of expressing yourself orally; the act of delivering a formal spoken communication to an audience
  • spells
  • sperm - the male reproductive cell; the male gamete
  • spermicidal - destructive to spermatozoa
  • spherocytosis
  • spica - the brightest star in Virgo
  • spider - predatory arachnid that usually has silk-spinning organs at the back end of the body; they spin silk to make cocoons for eggs or traps for prey; a skillet made of cast iron; a computer program that prowls the internet looking for publicly accessible resources that can be added to a database; the database can then be searched with a search engine
  • spina
  • spinal -  of or relating to the spine or spinal cord;  anesthesia of the lower half of the body; caused by injury to the spinal cord or by injecting an anesthetic beneath the arachnoid membrane that surrounds the spinal cord
  • spinal - of or relating to the spine or spinal cord;  anesthesia of the lower half of the body; caused by injury to the spinal cord or by injecting an anesthetic beneath the arachnoid membrane that surrounds the spinal cord
  • spine - a sharp rigid animal process or appendage; as a porcupine quill or a ridge on a bone or a ray of a fish fin; the part of a book's cover that encloses the inner side of the book's pages and that faces outward when the book is shelved; a small sharp-pointed tip resembling a spike on a stem or leaf; the series of vertebrae forming the axis of the skeleton and protecting the spinal cord; any sharply pointed projection
  • spirituality - concern with things of the spirit; property or income owned by a church
  • spirochetes
  • spirometer - a measuring instrument for measuring the vital capacity of the lungs
  • spleen - a large dark-red oval organ on the left side of the body between the stomach and the diaphragm; produces cells involved in immune responses; a feeling of resentful anger
  • splenic - of or relating to the spleen
  • splenomegaly - an abnormal enlargement of the spleen
  • splint - an orthopedic mechanical device used to immobilize and protect a part of the body (as a broken leg); a thin sliver of wood; verb support with a splint
  • splints
  • spondylitis - inflammation of a spinal joint; characterized by pain and stiffness
  • spondyloarthritis
  • spondyloarthropathies
  • spondylolisthesis - a forward dislocation of one vertebra over the one beneath it producing pressure on spinal nerves
  • spondylosis
  • spondylotic
  • spontaneous - happening or arising without apparent external cause; said or done without having been planned or written in advance
  • sporotrichosis - a chronic fungal infection of the skin and lymph nodes
  • sports
  • spots - spots before the eyes caused by opaque cell fragments in the vitreous humor and lens
  • spotted - especially of reputation; having spots or patches (small areas of contrasting color or texture)
  • sprain - a painful injury to a joint caused by a sudden wrenching of its ligaments; verb twist suddenly so as to sprain
  • spraining
  • sprains
  • springer - a cow about to give birth; the lowest stone in an arch -- from which it springs; a large spaniel with wavy silky coat usually black or liver and white
  • sprue - a chronic disorder that occurs in tropical and non-tropical forms and in both children and adults; nutrients are not absorbed; symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation
  • spur - a sharp prod fixed to a rider's heel and used to urge a horse onward; tubular extension at the base of the corolla in some flowers; any sharply pointed projection; a railway line connected to a trunk line; a verbalization that encourages you to attempt something; verb goad with spurs; equip with spurs; strike with a spur; give heart or courage to; incite or stimulate
  • squamous
  • sspe - a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years; characterized by primary measles infection before the age of two years
  • stable - maintaining equilibrium; not taking part readily in chemical change; firm and dependable; subject to little fluctuation; resistant to change of position or condition; showing little if any change;  a farm building for housing horses or other livestock; verb shelter in a stable
  • stages
  • staging - getting rid of a stage of a multistage rocket; travel by stagecoach; a system of scaffolds; the production of a drama on the stage
  • stains
  • stance - standing posture; a rationalized mental attitude
  • staphylococcal - of or relating to the staphylococcus bacteria
  • staphylococcus - spherical Gram-positive parasitic bacteria that tend to form irregular colonies; some cause boils or septicemia or infections
  • starling - gregarious birds native to the Old World
  • starting - appropriate to the beginning or start of an event; (especially of eyes) bulging or protruding as with fear;  a turn to be a starter (in a game at the beginning)
  • stasis - inactivity resulting from a static balance between opposing forces; an abnormal state in which the normal flow of a liquid (such as blood) is slowed or stopped
  • states
  • statistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters
  • stature - (of a standing person) the distance from head to foot; high level of respect gained by impressive development or achievement
  • status - the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society; a state at a particular time
  • stds
  • stenosis - abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
  • steps - the course along which a person has walked or is walking in; a flight of stairs or a flight of steps
  • sterilization - the procedure of making some object free of live bacteria or other microorganisms (usually by heat or chemical means); the act of making an organism barren or infertile (unable to reproduce)
  • sternocleidomastoid -  one of two thick muscles running from the sternum and clavicle to the mastoid and occipital bone; turns head obliquely to the opposite side; when acting together they flex the neck and extend the head
  • steroid - any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects; any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
  • steroids
  • stevens - United States filmmaker (1905-1975); United States poet (1879-1955); United States psychologist and psychophysicist who proposed Stevens' power law to replace Fechner's law (1906-1973)
  • stiff - not moving or operating freely; powerful; very drunk; incapable of or resistant to bending; rigidly formal; having a strong physiological or chemical effect; marked by firm determination or resolution; not shakable;  extremely; in a stiff manner;  an ordinary man; the dead body of a human being
  • stiffness - firm resoluteness in purpose or opinion or action; the property of moving with pain or difficulty; the physical property of being inflexible and hard to bend; excessive sternness; the inelegance of someone stiff and unrelaxed (as by embarrassment)
  • stilbestrol -  a potent estrogen used in medicine and in feed for livestock and poultry
  • stillbirth - a natural loss of the products of conception
  • stimson
  • stimulation -  the act of arousing an organism to action; any stimulating information or event; acts to arouse action; (physiology) the effect of a stimulus (on nerves or organs etc.); mutual sexual fondling prior to sexual intercourse
  • stingray - large venomous ray with large barbed spines near the base of a thin whiplike tail capable of inflicting severe wounds
  • stings
  • stomach - an enlarged and muscular saclike organ of the alimentary canal; the principal organ of digestion; an appetite for food; an inclination or liking for things involving conflict or difficulty or unpleasantness; the region of the body of a vertebrate between the thorax and the pelvis; verb bear to eat; put up with something or somebody unpleasant
  • stomatitis - inflammation of the mucous membrane of the mouth
  • stomatocytosis
  • stones
  • stool - a simple seat without a back or arms; (forestry) the stump of a tree that has been felled or headed for the production of saplings; a plumbing fixture for defecation and urination; solid excretory product evacuated from the bowels; verb have a bowel movement; grow shoots in the form of stools or tillers; react to a decoy, of wildfowl; lure with a stool, as of wild fowl
  • stools
  • storage - the act of storing something; the commercial enterprise of storing goods and materials; (computer science) the process of storing information in a computer memory or on a magnetic tape or disk; depositing in a warehouse; an electronic memory device; a depository for goods
  • stpd
  • strabismus - abnormal alignment of one or both eyes
  • straining - taxing to the utmost; testing powers of endurance;  an intense or violent exertion; the act of distorting something so it seems to mean something it was not intended to mean
  • stranger - anyone who does not belong in the environment in which they are found
  • strangulation - (pathology) constriction of a body part so as to cut off the flow of blood or other fluid; the condition of having respiration stopped by compression of the air passage; the act of suffocating (someone) by constricting the windpipe
  • strategies
  • stratification - the placing of seeds in damp sand or sawdust or peat moss in order to preserve them or promote germination; the act or process or arranging persons into classes or social strata; a layered configuration; forming or depositing in layers; the condition of being arranged in social strata or classes within a group
  • strep - of or relating to or caused by streptococci;  spherical Gram-positive bacteria occurring in pairs or chains; cause e.g. scarlet fever and tonsillitis
  • streptococcal - of or relating to or caused by streptococci
  • streptogramins
  • stress - the relative prominence of a syllable or musical note (especially with regard to stress or pitch); (physics) force that produces strain on a physical body; difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension; special emphasis attached to something; (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense; verb put stress on; utter with an accent; to stress, single out as important; test the limits of
  • stressor - any agent that causes stress to an organism
  • striatum - a striped mass of white and grey matter located in front of the thalamus in each cerebral hemisphere; consists of the caudate nucleus and the lenticular nucleus
  • stricture - severe criticism; abnormal narrowing of a bodily canal or passageway
  • stridor - a whistling sound when breathing (usually heard on inspiration); indicates obstruction of the trachea or larynx
  • strokes
  • stromal
  • strongyloidiasis
  • structure - a thing constructed; a complex entity constructed of many parts; the manner of construction of something and the arrangement of its parts; a particular complex anatomical part; the complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations; the people in a society considered as a system organized by a characteristic pattern of relationships; verb give a structure to
  • structures
  • students
  • studies
  • stuffing - padding put in mattresses and cushions and upholstered furniture; a mixture of seasoned ingredients used to stuff meats and vegetables
  • stupor - marginal consciousness; the feeling of distress and disbelief that you have when something bad happens accidentally
  • sturge
  • stye - an infection of the sebaceous gland of the eyelid
  • subacromial
  • subacute - less than acute; relating to a disease present in a person with no symptoms of it
  • subarachnoid
  • subclavian -  situated beneath the clavicle
  • subclavian - situated beneath the clavicle
  • subconjunctival
  • subcutaneous - relating to or located below the epidermis
  • subdermal
  • subdural - below the dura mater but above the arachnoid membrane of the meninges
  • subjects
  • sublingual -  beneath the tongue
  • subluxation - partial displacement of a joint or organ
  • subluxations
  • submandibular
  • substance - that which has mass and occupies space; the stuff of which an object consists; the idea that is intended; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; what a communication that is about something is about; considerable capital (wealth or income)
  • substances
  • such - of so extreme a degree or extent;  to so extreme a degree
  • suctioning
  • sudden - happening without warning or in a short space of time
  • sugar - a white crystalline carbohydrate used as a sweetener and preservative; informal terms for money; an essential structural component of living cells and source of energy for animals; includes simple sugars with small molecules as well as macromolecular substances; are classified according to the number of monosaccharide groups they contain; verb sweeten with sugar
  • suggested - mentioned as worthy of acceptance
  • suicidal - dangerous to yourself or your interests
  • sulfamethoxazole - a sulfonamide (trade name Gantanol) used to treat infections (especially infections of the urinary tract)
  • sulfate -  a salt or ester of sulphuric acid; verb convert into a sulfate
  • sulfate - a salt or ester of sulphuric acid; verb convert into a sulfate
  • sulfonamides
  • summed
  • sunburn - redness of the skin caused by exposure to the rays of the sun; a browning of the skin resulting from exposure to the rays of the sun; verb get a sunburn by overexposure to the sun
  • sunct
  • sunlight - the rays of the sun
  • superficial -  being or affecting or concerned with a surface; not deep or penetrating emotionally or intellectually; of little substance or significance; relating to a surface; involving a surface only
  • superficial - being or affecting or concerned with a surface; not deep or penetrating emotionally or intellectually; of little substance or significance; relating to a surface; involving a surface only
  • supervision - management by overseeing the performance or operation of a person or group
  • supplements
  • supplies
  • supply - offering goods and services for sale; an amount of something available for use; the activity of supplying or providing something; verb provide or furnish with; state or say further; provide what is desired or needed, especially support, food or sustenance; circulate or distribute or equip with
  • supplying - the activity of supplying or providing something
  • supporting - capable of bearing a structural load; furnishing support and encouragement;  the act of bearing the weight of or strengthening
  • suppositories
  • suppurativa
  • suppurative - relating to or characterized by suppuration
  • supranuclear
  • supraorbital -  located or occurring above the eye socket
  • supraperiosteal
  • suprapubic
  • supraventricular
  • surfaces
  • surgery - a room where a doctor or dentist can be consulted; the branch of medical science that treats disease or injury by operative procedures; a medical procedure involving an incision with instruments; performed to repair damage or arrest disease in a living body; a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations
  • surgical - performed with great precision; relating to or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery especially as opposed to medicine; of or relating to or involving or used in surgery
  • surrogate - providing or receiving nurture or parental care though not related by blood or legal ties;  someone who takes the place of another person; a person appointed to represent or act on behalf of others
  • survival - something that survives; a natural process resulting in the evolution of organisms best adapted to the environment; a state of surviving; remaining alive
  • susceptibility - the state of being susceptible; easily affected
  • suspected - believed likely
  • sustaining
  • suture - thread of catgut or silk or wire used by surgeons to stitch tissues together; a seam used in surgery; an immovable joint (especially between the bones of the skull); verb join with a suture
  • sutures
  • swab - cleaning implement consisting of absorbent material fastened to a handle; for cleaning floors; implement consisting of a small piece of cotton that is used to apply medication or cleanse a wound or obtain a specimen of a secretion; verb wash with a swab or a mop; apply (usually a liquid) to a surface
  • swallowing
  • swan - stately heavy-bodied aquatic bird with very long neck and usually white plumage as adult; verb sweep majestically; to declare or affirm solemnly and formally as true; move about aimlessly or without any destination, often in search of food or employment
  • swathe - an enveloping bandage; verb wrap in swaddling clothes
  • sweating - being wet with perspiration;  the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
  • swelling - abnormal protuberance or localized enlargement; the swelling of certain substances when they are heated (often accompanied by release of water)
  • swimmers
  • swine - stout-bodied short-legged omnivorous animals
  • swollen - abnormally expanded or increased in size; (`swollen' is sometimes used in combination); abnormally distended especially by fluids or gas; overfull with water; characteristic of false pride; having an exaggerated sense of self-importance
  • symbols
  • sympathetic - expressing or feeling or resulting from sympathy or compassion or friendly fellow feelings; disposed toward; (of characters in literature or drama) evoking empathic or sympathetic feelings; of or relating to the sympathetic nervous system; having similar disposition and tastes; relating to vibrations that occur as a result of vibrations in a nearby body; showing or motivated by sympathy and understanding and generosity
  • symptom - anything that accompanies X and is regarded as an indication of X's existence; (medicine) any sensation or change in bodily function that is experienced by a patient and is associated with a particular disease
  • symptoms
  • syncope - (phonology) the loss of sounds in the interior of a word (as in `fo'c'sle' for `forecastle'); a spontaneous loss of consciousness caused by insufficient blood to the brain
  • syncytial
  • syndrome - a complex of concurrent things; a pattern of symptoms indicative of some disease
  • syndromes
  • synthesis - the combination of ideas into a complex whole; the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds); reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)
  • synthetic - of a proposition whose truth value is determined by observation or facts; systematic combining of root and modifying elements into single words; involving or of the nature of synthesis (combining separate elements to form a coherent whole) as opposed to analysis; not genuine or natural; artificial as if portrayed in a film; not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially;  a compound made artificially by chemical reactions
  • syphilis - a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages; can be congenital (transmitted through the placenta)
  • syrinx - the vocal organ of a bird; a primitive wind instrument consisting of several parallel pipes bound together
  • systemic - affecting an entire system
  • systems
  • table - a piece of furniture having a smooth flat top that is usually supported by one or more vertical legs; a piece of furniture with tableware for a meal laid out on it; a set of data arranged in rows and columns; a company of people assembled at a table for a meal or game; food or meals in general; flat tableland with steep edges; verb hold back to a later time
  • tables
  • tachycardia - abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
  • tachycardias
  • tachypnea
  • taenia - tapeworms parasitic in humans which uses the pig as its intermediate host; a narrow headband or strip of ribbon worn as a headband
  • tags
  • takayasu
  • taking - very attractive; capturing interest;  the act of someone who picks up or takes something
  • talipes - congenital deformity of the foot usually marked by a curled shape or twisted position of the ankle and heel and toes
  • tall - impressively difficult; great in vertical dimension; high in stature; too improbable to admit of belief; lofty in style;  a garment size for a tall person
  • tamoxifen -  an antagonist for estrogen that is used in the treatment of breast cancer
  • tamponade - blockage or closure (as of a wound or body cavity) by (or as if by) a tampon (especially to stop bleeding)
  • tanner - a craftsman who tans skins and hides; a small coin of the United Kingdom worth six pennies; not minted since 1970
  • tantrums
  • tapeworm - ribbonlike flatworms that are parasitic in the intestines of humans and other vertebrates
  • tapeworms
  • tapvr
  • tarda
  • target - sports equipment consisting of an object set up for a marksman or archer to aim at; a reference point to shoot at; the location of the target that is to be hit; the goal intended to be attained (and which is believed to be attainable); a person who is the aim of an attack (especially a victim of ridicule or exploitation) by some hostile person or influence; verb intend (something) to move towards a certain goal
  • tarsal -  of or relating to or near the tarsus of the foot;  any bone of the tarsus
  • tarsal - of or relating to or near the tarsus of the foot;  any bone of the tarsus
  • task - a specific piece of work required to be done as a duty or for a specific fee; any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; verb assign a task to; use to the limit
  • team - two or more draft animals that work together to pull something; a cooperative unit; verb form a team
  • tear - the act of tearing; a drop of the clear salty saline solution secreted by the lacrimal glands; an occasion for excessive eating or drinking; an opening made forcibly as by pulling apart; verb fill with tears or shed tears; to separate or be separated by force; separate or cause to separate abruptly; move quickly and violently; strip of feathers
  • tearing - marked by extreme intensity of emotions or convictions; inclined to react violently; fervid;  shedding tears
  • tears - the process of shedding tears (usually accompanied by sobs or other inarticulate sounds)
  • technique - a practical method or art applied to some particular task; skillfulness in the command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity
  • techniques
  • technologies
  • tedizolid
  • teeth -  the kind and number and arrangement of teeth (collectively) in a person or animal
  • teeth - the kind and number and arrangement of teeth (collectively) in a person or animal
  • teething - the eruption through the gums of baby teeth
  • telangiectasia
  • telangiectasias
  • temperature - the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity); the somatic sensation of cold or heat
  • temporal -  of this earth or world; not eternal; concerned with secular rather than sacred matters; of the material world; of or relating to the temples (the sides of the skull behind the orbit); of or relating to or limited by time;  the semantic role of the phrase that designating the time of the state or action denoted by the verb
  • temporal - of this earth or world; not eternal; concerned with secular rather than sacred matters; of the material world; of or relating to the temples (the sides of the skull behind the orbit); of or relating to or limited by time;  the semantic role of the phrase that designating the time of the state or action denoted by the verb
  • temporomandibular
  • tendinitis - inflammation of a tendon
  • tendinosis
  • tendon - a cord or band of inelastic tissue connecting a muscle with its bony attachment
  • tendons
  • tenosynovitis - inflammation of a tendon and its enveloping sheath
  • tension - the action of stretching something tight; (physics) a stress that produces an elongation of an elastic physical body; a balance between and interplay of opposing elements or tendencies (especially in art or literature); (psychology) a state of mental or emotional strain or suspense; the physical condition of being stretched or strained; feelings of hostility that are not manifest
  • terms - the amount of money needed to purchase something; status with respect to the relations between people or groups
  • testes
  • testicle - one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • testicular - of or involving the testes
  • testing - the act of subjecting to experimental test in order to determine how well something works; an examination of the characteristics of something; the act of giving students or candidates a test (as by questions) to determine what they know or have learned
  • testis - one of the two male reproductive glands that produce spermatozoa and secrete androgens
  • tests
  • tetanus - a sustained muscular contraction resulting from a rapid series of nerve impulses; an acute and serious infection of the central nervous system caused by bacterial infection of open wounds; spasms of the jaw and laryngeal muscles may occur during the late stages
  • tetracyclines
  • tetralogy - a series of four related works (plays or operas or novels)
  • thalassemia - an inherited form of anemia caused by faulty synthesis of hemoglobin
  • thalassemias
  • than
  • thanksgiving - fourth Thursday in November in the United States; second Monday in October in Canada; commemorates a feast held in 1621 by the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag; a short prayer of thanks before a meal
  • that
  • their
  • therapeutic - relating to or involved in therapy; tending to cure or restore to health;  a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain
  • therapy - (medicine) the act of caring for someone (as by medication or remedial training etc.)
  • thiamin - a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
  • thistle - any of numerous plants of the family Compositae and especially of the genera Carduus and Cirsium and Onopordum having prickly-edged leaves
  • thoracentesis - removal of fluid from the chest by centesis for diagnostic or therapeutic purposes
  • thoracic - of or relating to the chest or thorax
  • thoracoscopic
  • thoracoscopy
  • thoracostomy
  • thoracotomy - surgical incision into the chest walls opening up the pleural cavity
  • threshold - the smallest detectable sensation; the starting point for a new state or experience; the sill of a door; a horizontal piece of wood or stone that forms the bottom of a doorway and offers support when passing through a doorway; the entrance (the space in a wall) through which you enter or leave a room or building; the space that a door can close; a region marking a boundary
  • thresholds
  • thrive - verb gain in wealth; grow stronger
  • throat - a passage resembling a throat in shape or function; an opening in the vamp of a shoe at the instep; the passage to the stomach and lungs; in the front part of the neck below the chin and above the collarbone
  • thromboangiitis
  • thrombocythemia
  • thrombocytopenia - a blood disease characterized by an abnormally small number of platelets in the blood
  • thrombocytopenic
  • thrombocytosis - increase in the number of platelets in the blood which tends to cause clots to form; associated with many neoplasms and chronic infections and other diseases
  • thromboembolic
  • thromboembolism - occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus that has broken away from a thrombus
  • thrombolysis - the process of breaking up and dissolving blood clots
  • thrombosis - the formation or presence of a thrombus (a clot of coagulated blood attached at the site of its formation) in a blood vessel
  • thrombotic
  • through - (of a route or journey etc.) continuing without requiring stops or changes; having finished or arrived at completion;  throughout the entire extent; over the whole distance; in diameter; from beginning to end; to completion
  • thrusts
  • thumb - the part of a glove that provides a covering for the thumb; the thick short innermost digit of the forelimb; a convex molding having a cross section in the form of a quarter of a circle or of an ellipse; verb feel or handle with the fingers; travel by getting free rides from motorists; look through a book or other written material
  • thyroid -  suggestive of a thyroid disorder; of or relating to the thyroid gland;  located near the base of the neck
  • thyroid - suggestive of a thyroid disorder; of or relating to the thyroid gland;  located near the base of the neck
  • thyroiditis - inflammation of the thyroid gland
  • tias
  • tibial - relating to or located near a tibia
  • tibialis - either of two skeletal muscle in each leg arising from the tibia; provides for movement of the foot
  • tibiofemoral
  • tick - any of two families of small parasitic arachnids with barbed proboscis; feed on blood of warm-blooded animals; a light mattress; a metallic tapping sound; a mark indicating that something has been noted or completed etc.; verb sew; make a sound like a clock or a timer; put a check mark on or near or next to; make a clicking or ticking sound
  • tigecycline
  • tilt - the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical; a slight but noticeable partiality; pitching dangerously to one side; a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong disagreement; a combat between two mounted knights tilting against each other with blunted lances; verb charge with a tilt; heel over; move sideways or in an unsteady way; to incline or bend from a vertical position
  • timeline -  a sequence of related events arranged in chronological order and displayed along a line (usually drawn left to right or top to bottom)
  • timi
  • tinea - type genus of the Tineidae: clothes moths; infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
  • tinidazole
  • tinnitus - a ringing or booming sensation in one or both ears; a symptom of an ear infection or Meniere's disease
  • tips
  • tissue - part of an organism consisting of an aggregate of cells having a similar structure and function; a soft thin (usually translucent) paper; verb create a piece of cloth by interlacing strands of fabric, such as wool or cotton
  • tissues
  • toadstool - common name for an inedible or poisonous agaric (contrasting with the edible mushroom)
  • tobacco - leaves of the tobacco plant dried and prepared for smoking or ingestion; aromatic annual or perennial herbs and shrubs
  • toenail - the nail at the end of a toe; verb drive obliquely
  • toilet - the act of dressing and preparing yourself; a room or building equipped with one or more toilets; a plumbing fixture for defecation and urination; misfortune resulting in lost effort or money
  • tolerance - the act of tolerating something; the power or capacity of an organism to tolerate unfavorable environmental conditions; willingness to recognize and respect the beliefs or practices of others; a disposition to allow freedom of choice and behavior; a permissible difference; allowing some freedom to move within limits
  • tomography - (medicine) obtaining pictures of the interior of the body
  • tong
  • tonsillar
  • tonsillopharyngitis
  • tonsils
  • tools
  • tooth - a means of enforcement; toothlike structure in invertebrates found in the mouth or alimentary canal or on a shell; something resembling the tooth of an animal; one of a number of uniform projections on a gear; hard bonelike structures in the jaws of vertebrates; used for biting and chewing or for attack and defense
  • toothache - an ache localized in or around a tooth
  • topical - of interest at the present time; pertaining to the surface of a body part; of or relating to or arranged by topics
  • tornwaldt
  • torsades
  • torsion - a twisting force; a tortuous and twisted shape or position
  • torso -  the body excluding the head and neck and limbs
  • torso - the body excluding the head and neck and limbs
  • torticollis - an unnatural condition in which the head leans to one side because the neck muscles on that side are contracted
  • total - constituting the full quantity or extent; complete; complete in extent or degree and in every particular; without conditions or limitations; including everything;  the whole amount; a quantity obtained by the addition of a group of numbers; verb damage beyond the point of repair; determine the sum of; add up in number or quantity
  • tourette - French neurologist (1857-1904)
  • toxic - of or relating to or caused by a toxin or poison
  • toxicity - the degree to which something is poisonous; grave harmfulness or deadliness
  • toxins
  • toxocariasis
  • toxoplasma
  • toxoplasmosis - infection caused by parasites transmitted to humans from infected cats; if contracted by a pregnant woman it can result in serious damage to the fetus
  • tracheal -  relating to or resembling or functioning like a trachea
  • tracheal - relating to or resembling or functioning like a trachea
  • tracheitis - inflammation of the trachea
  • tracheoesophageal
  • trachoma - a chronic contagious viral disease marked by inflammation of the conjunctiva and cornea of the eye and the formation of scar tissue
  • tracing - the act of drawing a plan or diagram or outline; a drawing created by superimposing a semitransparent sheet of paper on the original image and copying on it the lines of the original image
  • tract -  a system of body parts that together serve some particular purpose; a brief treatise on a subject of interest; published in the form of a booklet; an extended area of land; a bundle of myelinated nerve fibers following a path through the brain
  • tract - a system of body parts that together serve some particular purpose; a brief treatise on a subject of interest; published in the form of a booklet; an extended area of land; a bundle of myelinated nerve fibers following a path through the brain
  • traction - (orthopedics) the act of pulling on a bone or limb (as in a fracture) to relieve pressure or align parts in a special way during healing; the friction between a body and the surface on which it moves (as between an automobile tire and the road)
  • traditional - consisting of or derived from tradition; pertaining to time-honored orthodox doctrines
  • training - activity leading to skilled behavior; the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior)
  • tram - a wheeled vehicle that runs on rails and is propelled by electricity; a four-wheeled wagon that runs on tracks in a mine; a conveyance that transports passengers or freight in carriers suspended from cables and supported by a series of towers; verb travel by tram
  • transdermal - through the unbroken skin; refers to medications applied directly to the skin (creams or ointments) or in time-release forms (skin patches)
  • transferrin - a globulin in blood plasma that carries iron
  • transfusion - the action of pouring a liquid from one vessel to another; the introduction of blood or blood plasma into a vein or artery
  • transient - of a mental act; causing effects outside the mind; lasting a very short time;  (physics) a short-lived oscillation in a system caused by a sudden change of voltage or current or load; one who stays for only a short time
  • transitions
  • transmission - the act of sending a message; causing a message to be transmitted; the gears that transmit power from an automobile engine via the driveshaft to the live axle; communication by means of transmitted signals; an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted; the fraction of radiant energy that passes through a substance
  • transmitted - sent electronically as by wire or radio; tending to occur among members of a family usually by heredity
  • transplantation - the act of removing something from one location and introducing it in another location; an operation moving an organ from one organism (the donor) to another (the recipient)
  • transsexualism - condition in which a person assumes the identity and permanently acts the part of the gender opposite to his or her biological sex
  • transthoracic
  • transverse -  extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis
  • transverse - extending or lying across; in a crosswise direction; at right angles to the long axis
  • transvestic - receiving sexual gratification from wearing clothing of the opposite sex
  • transvestism - the practice of adopting the clothes or the manner or the sexual role of the opposite sex
  • traps
  • trauma - an emotional wound or shock often having long-lasting effects; any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
  • traumatic - psychologically painful; "few experiences are more traumatic than losing a child"; of or relating to a physical injury or wound to the body
  • travel - the act of going from one place to another; self-propelled movement; a movement through space that changes the location of something; verb change location; move, travel, or proceed; undergo transportation as in a vehicle; make a trip for pleasure; undertake a journey or trip; travel upon or across; travel from place to place, as for the purpose of finding work, preaching, or acting as a judge
  • travelers
  • treating
  • treatment - care by procedures or applications that are intended to relieve illness or injury; the management of someone or something; a manner of dealing with something artistically; an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic
  • treecalc
  • trematode - parasitic flatworms having external suckers for attaching to a host
  • trematodes
  • tremor - an involuntary vibration (as if from illness or fear); a small earthquake; shaking or trembling (usually resulting from weakness or stress or disease); verb shake with seismic vibrations
  • trench - a ditch dug as a fortification having a parapet of the excavated earth; any long ditch cut in the ground; a long steep-sided depression in the ocean floor; verb dig a trench or trenches; cut a trench in, as for drainage; set, plant, or bury in a trench; cut or carve deeply into; fortify by surrounding with trenches; impinge or infringe upon
  • trephination - a operation that removes a circular section of bone from the skull
  • trials
  • trichiasis
  • trichinosis - infestation by trichina larvae that are transmitted by eating inadequately cooked meat (especially pork); larvae migrate from the intestinal tract to the muscles where they become encysted
  • trichomonas
  • trichomoniasis - infection of the vagina
  • trichotillomania - an irresistible urge to pull out your own hair
  • trichuriasis - infestation by a roundworm; common in tropical areas with poor sanitation
  • tricuspid - having three cusps or points (especially a molar tooth)
  • trigeminal - the main sensory nerve of the face and motor nerve for the muscles of mastication
  • trigger - an act that sets in motion some course of events; a device that activates or releases or causes something to happen; lever that activates the firing mechanism of a gun; verb release or pull the trigger on; put in motion or move to act
  • trimethoprim
  • trisomy - chrosomal abnormality in which there is one more than the normal number of chromosomes in a cell
  • trochanteric
  • trochlear - either of the two cranial nerves on either side that control the superior oblique muscles of the eyes
  • trophoblastic - of or relating to the trophoblast
  • tropical - of weather or climate; hot and humid as in the tropics; characterized by or of the nature of a trope or tropes; changed from its literal sense; relating to or situated in or characteristic of the tropics (the region on either side of the equator); of or relating to the tropics, or either tropic
  • truncus
  • trypanosomiasis
  • tubal - of or relating to occurring in a tube such as e.g. the Fallopian tube or Eustachian tube
  • tuberculosis - infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
  • tuberous - of or relating to or resembling a tuber
  • tubes
  • tubular - constituting a tube; having hollow tubes (as for the passage of fluids)
  • tubules
  • tubulointerstitial
  • tularemia - a highly infectious disease of rodents (especially rabbits and squirrels) and sometimes transmitted to humans by ticks or flies or by handling infected animals
  • tumor - an abnormal new mass of tissue that serves no purpose
  • tumors
  • tunnel - a passageway through or under something, usually underground (especially one for trains or cars); a hole in the ground made by an animal for shelter; verb force a way through; move through by or as by digging
  • twisting - having a twisting or snake-like or wormlike motion; marked by repeated turns and bends;  the act of rotating rapidly; the act of distorting something so it seems to mean something it was not intended to mean
  • tympanic - associated with the eardrum; resembling a drum
  • types
  • typhoid - serious infection marked by intestinal inflammation and ulceration; caused by Salmonella typhosa ingested with food or water
  • typhus - rickettsial disease transmitted by body lice and characterized by skin rash and high fever
  • typing - writing done with a typewriter
  • tyrosine - an amino acid found in most proteins; a precursor of several hormones
  • tyrosinemia - autosomal recessive defect in tyrosine metabolism resulting in liver and kidney disturbances and mental retardation
  • ulcer - a circumscribed inflammatory and often suppurating lesion on the skin or an internal mucous surface resulting in necrosis of tissue
  • ulcerative - of or relating to or characterized by ulceration
  • ulcers
  • ulnar - relating to or near the ulna
  • ultrasonography - using the reflections of high-frequency sound waves to construct an image of a body organ (a sonogram); commonly used to observe fetal growth or study bodily organs
  • ultrasound - very high frequency sound; used in ultrasonography; using the reflections of high-frequency sound waves to construct an image of a body organ (a sonogram); commonly used to observe fetal growth or study bodily organs
  • umbilical - relating to or resembling the umbilicus;  membranous duct connecting the fetus with the placenta
  • umbrellas
  • uncommon - not common or ordinarily encountered; unusually great in amount or remarkable in character or kind; marked by an uncommon quality; especially superlative or extreme of its kind
  • under - lower in rank, power, or authority; located below or beneath something else;  further down; down below; below the horizon; below some quantity or limit; in or into a state of subordination or subjugation; down to defeat, death, or ruin; into unconsciousness; through a range downward
  • undernutrition
  • understanding - characterized by understanding based on comprehension and discernment and empathy;  the cognitive condition of someone who understands; the capacity for rational thought or inference or discrimination; an inclination to support or be loyal to or to agree with an opinion; the statement (oral or written) of an exchange of promises
  • undescended - (of the testis) remaining in the abdomen instead of descending into the scrotum
  • undetermined - not yet having been ascertained or determined; not precisely determined or established; not fixed or known in advance; not brought to a conclusion; subject to further thought
  • unequal - poorly balanced or matched in quantity or value or measure; not equal in amount
  • unexplained - having the reason or cause not made clear; not explained
  • unidentified - not yet identified; being or having an unknown or unnamed source
  • unilateral - involving only one part or side; tracing descent from either the paternal or the maternal line only
  • unit - a single undivided whole; an organization regarded as part of a larger social group; a single undivided natural thing occurring in the composition of something else; an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole; an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity; any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange
  • units
  • unknown - not known; not known to exist; being or having an unknown or unnamed source; not known before; not famous or acclaimed;  a variable whose values are solutions of an equation; an unknown and unexplored region; anyone who does not belong in the environment in which they are found
  • unstable - highly or violently reactive; disposed to psychological variability; lacking stability or fixity or firmness; subject to change; variable; affording no ease or reassurance; suffering from severe mental illness
  • unusual - not commonly encountered; not usual or common or ordinary; being definitely out of the ordinary and unexpected; slightly odd or even a bit weird
  • update - news that updates your information; verb modernize or bring up to date; bring to the latest state of technology; bring up to date; supply with recent information
  • updated
  • upper - higher in place or position; superior in rank or accomplishment; the topmost one of two;  piece of leather or synthetic material that forms the part of a shoe or boot above the sole that encases the foot; a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression; the higher of two berths
  • urchin - poor and often mischievous city child
  • urea - the chief solid component of mammalian urine; synthesized from ammonia and carbon dioxide and used as fertilizer and in animal feed and in plastics
  • ureaplasmal
  • uremic - of or involving excess nitrogenous waste products in the urine (usually due to kidney insufficiency)
  • ureter - either of a pair of thick-walled tubes that carry urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder
  • ureteral
  • ureters
  • urethra - duct through which urine is discharged in most mammals and which serves as the male genital duct
  • urethral - of or relating to the urethra
  • urethritis - inflammation of the urethra; results in painful urination
  • urgency - pressing importance requiring speedy action; an urgent situation calling for prompt action; the state of being urgent; an earnest and insistent necessity; insistent solicitation and entreaty
  • urgent - compelling immediate action
  • urinalysis - (medicine) the chemical analysis of urine (for medical diagnosis)
  • urinary - of or relating to the function or production or secretion of urine; of or relating to the urinary system of the body
  • urinate - verb pass after the manner of urine; eliminate urine
  • urination - the discharge of urine
  • urine - liquid excretory product
  • urlset
  • urologic
  • uropathy - any pathology of the urinary tract
  • urticaria - an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins; usually the result of an allergic response to insect bites or food or drugs
  • urticarial
  • used - employed in accomplishing something; previously used or owned by another; of persons; taken advantage of
  • useful - being of use or service; having a useful function
  • uses
  • using - an act that exploits or victimizes someone (treats them unfairly)
  • ussler
  • uterine - of or involving the uterus
  • uterus - a hollow muscular organ in the pelvic cavity of females; contains the developing fetus
  • utis
  • uvea - the part of the eye that contains the iris and ciliary body and choroid
  • uveitis - inflammation of the uvea of the eye
  • vaccinating - the act of protecting against disease by introducing a vaccine into the body to induce immunity
  • vaccination - the scar left following inoculation with a vaccine; taking a vaccine as a precaution against contracting a disease
  • vaccinations
  • vaccine - immunogen consisting of a suspension of weakened or dead pathogenic cells injected in order to stimulate the production of antibodies
  • vaginal - of or relating to the vagina
  • vaginismus - muscular contraction that causes the vagina to close; usually an anxiety reaction before coitus or pelvic examination
  • vaginitis - inflammation of the vagina (usually associated with candidiasis)
  • vaginosis
  • valerian - a plant of the genus Valeriana having lobed or dissected leaves and cymose white or ink flowers
  • valgum
  • valgus
  • values - beliefs of a person or social group in which they have an emotional investment (either for or against something)
  • valve - control consisting of a mechanical device for controlling the flow of a fluid; device in a brass wind instrument for varying the length of the air column to alter the pitch of a tone; a structure in a hollow organ (like the heart) with a flap to insure one-way flow of fluid through it
  • valves
  • valvular - relating to or operating by means of valves
  • vancomycin - an antibiotic (trade name Vancocin) effective against some bacterial infections
  • vandalism -  willful wanton and malicious destruction of the property of others
  • vaping
  • variable - (used of a device) designed so that a property (as e.g. light) can be varied; liable to or capable of change; marked by diversity or difference;  a quantity that can assume any of a set of values; a symbol (like x or y) that is used in mathematical or logical expressions to represent a variable quantity; something that is likely to vary; something that is subject to variation; a star that varies noticeably in brightness
  • variably - with variation; in a variable manner or to a variable degree
  • variant - differing from a norm or standard; exhibiting or tending to variation and change;  something a little different from others of the same type; a variable quantity that is random; an event that departs from expectations; (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ in trivial ways from similar groups
  • variations
  • varicella - an acute contagious disease caused by herpes varicella zoster virus; causes a rash of vesicles on the face and body
  • varices
  • varicocele - dilatation of the veins associated with the spermatic cord in the testes
  • varicose - abnormally swollen or knotty
  • varum
  • vasa
  • vasc
  • vascular - of or relating to or having vessels that conduct and circulate fluids
  • vasculitic
  • vasculitis - inflammation of a blood vessel
  • vasoconstriction -  decrease in the diameter of blood vessels
  • vasodilation -  dilation of blood vessels (especially the arteries)
  • vegetative - relating to involuntary bodily functions; of or relating to an activity that is passive and monotonous; composed of vegetation or plants; (of reproduction) characterized by asexual processes
  • vein - one of the horny ribs that stiffen and support the wing of an insect; a blood vessel that carries blood from the capillaries toward the heart; a distinctive style or manner; a layer of ore between layers of rock; any of the vascular bundles or ribs that form the branching framework of conducting and supporting tissues in a leaf or other plant organ; verb make a veinlike pattern
  • veins
  • velopharyngeal
  • venereum
  • venipuncture - (medicine) puncture of a vein through the skin in order to withdraw blood for analysis or to start an intravenous drip or to inject medication or a radiopaque dye
  • venomous - marked by deep ill will; deliberately harmful; harsh or corrosive in tone; extremely poisonous or injurious; producing venom
  • venous - of or contained in or performing the function of the veins
  • ventilating
  • ventilation - the act of supplying fresh air and getting rid of foul air; a mechanical system in a building that provides fresh air; the bodily process of inhalation and exhalation; the process of taking in oxygen from inhaled air and releasing carbon dioxide by exhalation; free and open discussion of (or debate on) some question of public interest
  • ventilator - a device (such as a fan) that introduces fresh air or expels foul air; a device that facilitates breathing in cases of respiratory failure
  • ventilators
  • ventilatory - provided with ventilation or involving pulmonary ventilation
  • ventricular - of or relating to a ventricle (of the heart or brain)
  • vera
  • verruca - (pathology) a firm abnormal elevated blemish on the skin; caused by a virus
  • verruga
  • versicolor
  • version - manual turning of a fetus in the uterus (usually to aid delivery); something a little different from others of the same type; an interpretation of a matter from a particular viewpoint; a mental representation of the meaning or significance of something; a written work (as a novel) that has been recast in a new form; a written communication in a second language having the same meaning as the written communication in a first language
  • versus
  • vertebrae
  • vertebral artery -  the first branch of the subclavian artery; divided into four parts
  • vertebral - of or relating to or constituting vertebrae
  • vertical - of or relating to different levels in a hierarchy (as levels of social class or income group); at right angles to the plane of the horizon or a base line; relating to or involving all stages of a business from production to distribution; upright in position or posture;  something that is oriented vertically; a vertical structural member as a post or stake
  • vertigo - a reeling sensation; a feeling that you are about to fall
  • very - precisely as stated; being the exact same one; not any other:;  used as intensifiers; `real' is sometimes used informally for `really'; `rattling' is informal; precisely so
  • vesicant - causing blisters;  a chemical agent that causes blistering (especially mustard gas)
  • vesicoureteral
  • vesicovaginal
  • vessel - a craft designed for water transportation; an object used as a container (especially for liquids); a tube in which a body fluid circulates
  • vessels
  • vestibular - relating to the sense of equilibrium
  • vestibule -  any of various bodily cavities leading to another cavity (as of the ear or vagina); a large entrance or reception room or area
  • vestibulitis
  • vestibulodynia
  • vibrio - curved rodlike motile bacterium
  • victim - an unfortunate person who suffers from some adverse circumstance; a person who is tricked or swindled
  • video - the visible part of a television transmission; a recording of both the video and audio components (especially one containing a recording of a movie or television program); broadcasting visual images of stationary or moving objects
  • viewing - a vigil held over a corpse the night before burial; the display of a motion picture
  • views
  • viola da gamba -  viol that is the bass member of the viol family with approximately the range of the cello
  • violence - an act of aggression (as one against a person who resists); a turbulent state resulting in injuries and destruction etc.; the property of being wild or turbulent
  • viper - venomous Old World snakes characterized by hollow venom-conducting fangs in the upper jaw
  • vipers
  • vipoma
  • viral - relating to or caused by a virus
  • virilism - the development of male secondary sexual characteristics in a female (or prematurely in a young boy)
  • virilization - the abnormal development of male sexual characteristics in a female (usually as the result of hormone therapies or adrenal malfunction)
  • virus - (virology) ultramicroscopic infectious agent that replicates itself only within cells of living hosts; many are pathogenic; a piece of nucleic acid (DNA or RNA) wrapped in a thin coat of protein; a software program capable of reproducing itself and usually capable of causing great harm to files or other programs on the same computer; a harmful or corrupting agency
  • viruses
  • visceral -  relating to or affecting the viscera; obtained through intuition rather than from reasoning or observation
  • vision - the perceptual experience of seeing; a vivid mental image; a religious or mystical experience of a supernatural appearance; the formation of a mental image of something that is not perceived as real and is not present to the senses; the ability to see; the visual faculty
  • visits
  • visual - able to be seen; relating to or using sight
  • vitamin - any of a group of organic substances essential in small quantities to normal metabolism
  • vitamins
  • vitiligo - an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin (often surrounded by a heavily pigmented border)
  • vldl - large lipoproteins rich in triglycerides; VLDLs circulate through the blood giving up their triglycerides to fat and muscle tissue until the VLDL remnants are modified and converted into LDL
  • vocal - full of the sound of voices; having or using the power to produce speech or sound; relating to or designed for or using the singing voice; given to expressing yourself freely or insistently;  a short musical composition with words; music intended to be performed by one or more singers, usually with instrumental accompaniment
  • voiding - the bodily process of discharging waste matter
  • volar - relating to the palm of the hand or the sole of the foot
  • volatile - tending to vary often or widely; evaporating readily at normal temperatures and pressures; marked by erratic changeableness in affections or attachments; liable to lead to sudden change or violence;  a volatile substance; a substance that changes readily from solid or liquid to a vapor
  • volume - the magnitude of sound (usually in a specified direction); a publication that is one of a set of several similar publications; the amount of 3-dimensional space occupied by an object; a relative amount; physical objects consisting of a number of pages bound together; the property of something that is great in magnitude
  • volumes
  • vomiting - the reflex act of ejecting the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • voyeurism - a perversion in which a person receives sexual gratification from seeing the genitalia of others or witnessing others' sexual behavior
  • voyeuristic - of or relating to voyeurs or voyeurism
  • vpspr
  • vulgaris
  • vulva - external parts of the female genitalia
  • vulvar - of or relating to the vulva
  • vulvitis - inflammation of the vulva
  • wakefulness - a periodic state during which you are conscious and aware of the world; a temporary state in which you are unable (or unwilling) to sleep; the process of paying close and continuous attention
  • warfare - the waging of armed conflict against an enemy; an active struggle between competing entities
  • warning - serving to warn;  a message informing of danger; cautionary advice about something imminent (especially imminent danger)
  • warts
  • wasp - social or solitary hymenopterans typically having a slender body with the abdomen attached by a narrow stalk and having a formidable sting; a white person of Anglo-Saxon ancestry who belongs to a Protestant denomination
  • waterlow
  • watery - overly diluted; thin and insipid; relating to or resembling or consisting of water; filled with water; wet with secreted or exuded moisture such as sweat or tears
  • watson - United States geneticist who (with Crick in 1953) helped discover the helical structure of DNA (born in 1928); United States psychologist considered the founder of behavioristic psychology (1878-1958); United States telephone engineer who assisted Alexander Graham Bell in his experiments (1854-1934)
  • waves
  • weakness - the property of lacking physical or mental strength; liability to failure under pressure or stress or strain; a penchant for something even though it might not be good for you; the condition of being financially weak; powerlessness revealed by an inability to act; a flaw or weak point
  • weapons
  • webs
  • weeks
  • weights
  • weiss
  • welfare - governmental provision of economic assistance to persons in need; something that aids or promotes well-being; a contented state of being happy and healthy and prosperous
  • wernicke - German neurologist best known for his studies of aphasia (1848-1905)
  • what
  • wheezing - relating to breathing with a whistling sound
  • when
  • where
  • whipple
  • whipworm
  • whitlow - a purulent infection at the end of a finger or toe in the area surrounding the nail
  • wife -  a married woman; a man's partner in marriage
  • willebrand - Finnish physician who first described vascular hemophilia (1870-1949)
  • willi
  • wilms
  • wine - a red as dark as red wine; fermented juice (of grapes especially); verb treat to wine; drink wine
  • winter - the coldest season of the year; in the northern hemisphere it extends from the winter solstice to the vernal equinox; verb spend the winter
  • wiskott
  • with
  • withdrawal - the act of withdrawing; the termination of drug taking; the act of taking out money or other capital; a retraction of a previously held position; avoiding emotional involvement; formal separation from an alliance or federation
  • within - on the inside
  • without
  • wolf - any of various predatory carnivorous canine mammals of North America and Eurasia that usually hunt in packs; a man who is aggressive in making amorous advances to women; German classical scholar who claimed that the Iliad and Odyssey were composed by several authors (1759-1824); Austrian composer (1860-1903); a cruelly rapacious person; verb eat hastily
  • wolff - German anatomist (1733-1794)
  • wolman
  • woman - an adult female person (as opposed to a man); a female person who plays a significant role (wife or mistress or girlfriend) in the life of a particular man; women as a class; a human female who does housework
  • women
  • workers
  • works - performance of moral or religious acts; the internal mechanism of a device; buildings for carrying on industrial labor; everything available; usually preceded by `the'
  • worldhealth
  • wort - unfermented or fermenting malt; usually used in combination: `liverwort'; `milkwort'; `whorlywort'
  • wounds
  • wrist -  a joint between the distal end of the radius and the proximal row of carpal bones
  • wrist - a joint between the distal end of the radius and the proximal row of carpal bones
  • xeroderma - a mild form of ichthyosis characterized by abnormal dryness and roughness of the skin
  • xerostomia - abnormal dryness of the mouth resulting from decreased secretion of saliva
  • yaws - an infectious tropical disease resembling syphilis in its early stages; marked by red skin eruptions and ulcerating lesions
  • year - the period of time that it takes for a planet (as, e.g., Earth or Mars) to make a complete revolution around the sun; a period of time containing 365 (or 366) days; a period of time occupying a regular part of a calendar year that is used for some particular activity; a body of students who graduate together
  • years - the time during which someone's life continues; a late time of life; a prolonged period of time
  • yeast - any of various single-celled fungi that reproduce asexually by budding or division; a commercial leavening agent containing yeast cells; used to raise the dough in making bread and for fermenting beer or whiskey
  • yellow - of the color intermediate between green and orange in the color spectrum; of something resembling the color of an egg yolk; cowardly or treacherous; changed to a yellowish color by age; easily frightened; affected by jaundice which causes yellowing of skin etc; typical of tabloids;  yellow color or pigment; the chromatic color resembling the hue of sunflowers or ripe lemons; verb turn yellow
  • yersinia
  • yourself
  • zika
  • zinc - a bluish-white lustrous metallic element; brittle at ordinary temperatures but malleable when heated; used in a wide variety of alloys and in galvanizing iron; it occurs as zinc sulphide in zinc blende; verb coat or cover with zinc
  • zipper - a fastener for locking together two toothed edges by means of a sliding tab; verb close with a zipper
  • zoonotic - of or relating to or constituting zoonosis
  • zoster - eruptions along a nerve path often accompanied by severe neuralgia

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  1. R. Navigli, P. Velardi. From Glossaries to Ontologies: Extracting Semantic Structure from Textual Definitions, Ontology Learning and Population: Bridging the Gap between Text and Knowledge (P. Buitelaar and P. Cimiano, Eds.), Series information for Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications, IOS Press, 2008, pp. 71-87.
  2. R. Navigli. Using Cycles and Quasi-Cycles to Disambiguate Dictionary Glosses, Proc. of 12th Conference of the European Association for Computational Linguistics (EACL 2009), Athens, Greece, March 30-April 3rd, 2009, pp. 594-602.
  3. J. Klavans and S. Muresan. Evaluation of the Definder System for Fully Automatic Glossary Construction. In Proc. of American Medical Informatics Association Symp., 2001, pp. 324–328.
  4. A. Fujii, T. Ishikawa. Utilizing the World Wide Web as an Encyclopedia: Extracting Term Descriptions from Semi-Structured Texts. In Proc. 38th Ann. Meeting Assoc. for Computational Linguistics, 2000, pp. 488–495.
  5. P. Velardi, R. Navigli, P. D'Amadio. Mining the Web to Create Specialized Glossaries, IEEE Intelligent Systems, 23(5), IEEE Press, 2008, pp. 18-25.
 

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