Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation

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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, also known as PM&R, is a medical specialty focused on improving functional ability and quality of life for individuals with disabilities or chronic medical conditions. PM&R doctors, also known as physiatrists, use a variety of methods to help patients recover from injuries, manage chronic pain, and improve mobility and independence.

Work environment

PM&R doctors often work with a team of healthcare professionals, including physical therapists, occupational therapists, and speech therapists, to create personalized treatment plans for patients. Treatment may include medications, assistive devices, and therapeutic exercises and activities. PM&R doctors may also perform procedures such as joint injections or nerve blocks to manage pain and improve function.

Training and education

PM&R doctors are trained to treat a wide range of conditions, including spinal cord injuries, stroke, arthritis, and amputations. They may also work with patients who have conditions such as multiple sclerosis or cerebral palsy. In addition to treating physical conditions, PM&R doctors also address the emotional and psychological impact of disability and work to improve patients' overall quality of life.

Work environment

PM&R doctors may work in a variety of settings, including hospitals, outpatient clinics, and rehabilitation centers. They may also work in nursing homes or home healthcare settings to provide ongoing care for patients.

Residency and fellowship

To become a PM&R doctor, individuals must complete medical school and a residency in physical medicine and rehabilitation. PM&R doctors must also be licensed in their state and may choose to become board certified in the specialty.


Overall, PM&R is an important medical specialty that helps improve the lives of individuals with disabilities and chronic medical conditions. With a focus on functional improvement and quality of life, PM&R doctors play a crucial role in the healthcare system.


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