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Health and fitness

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Health and physical fitness go hand in hand as these two are very much inter-related, almost in an inverse relationship in most chronic diseases except in certain cases such as infections.

Glossary

  • AA -  a dry form of lava resembling clinkers; an associate degree in arts; an international organization that provides a support group for persons trying to overcome alcoholism
  • AAS -  an associate degree in applied science
  • AB -  the blood group whose red cells carry both the A and B antigens; the eleventh month of the civil year; the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in July and August); the muscles of the abdomen; a bachelor's degree in arts and sciences
  • Acetaldehyde -  a colorless volatile water-soluble liquid aldehyde used chiefly in manufacture of acetic acid and perfumes and drugs
  • acetaminophen -  an analgesic for mild pain; also used as an antipyretic; (Datril, Tylenol, Panadol, Phenaphen, Tempra, and Anacin III are trademarks of brands of acetaminophen tablets)
  • Acetanilide -  a white crystalline compound used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic
  • acetylsalicylic acid -  the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • Acid -  having the characteristics of an acid; harsh or corrosive in tone; being sour to the taste;  street name for lysergic acid diethylamide; any of various water-soluble compounds having a sour taste and capable of turning litmus red and reacting with a base to form a salt
  • Actin -  one of the proteins into which actomyosin can be split; can exist in either a globular or a fibrous form
  • acting -  serving temporarily especially as a substitute;  the performance of a part or role in a drama
  • action -  something done (usually as opposed to something said); the most important or interesting work or activity in a specific area or field; an act by a government body or supranational organization; the operating part that transmits power to a mechanism; the trait of being active and energetic and forceful; the series of events that form a plot; the state of being active; a military engagement; a judicial proceeding brought by one party against another; one party prosecutes another for a wrong done or for protection of a right or for prevention of a wrong; a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); verb institute legal proceedings against; file a suit against; put in effect
  • Acupressure -  treatment of symptoms by applying pressure with the fingers to specific pressure points on the body
  • Acupuncture -  treatment of pain or disease by inserting the tips of needles at specific points on the skin
  • ADHD -  a condition (mostly in boys) characterized by behavioral and learning disorders
  • Afghan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Afghanistan or its people;  a blanket knitted or crocheted in strips or squares; sometimes used as a shawl; a native or inhabitant of Afghanistan; tall graceful breed of hound with a long silky coat; native to the Near East; a coat made of sheepskin; an Iranian language spoken in Afghanistan and Pakistan; the official language of Afghanistan
  • Afghanistan -  a mountainous landlocked country in central Asia; bordered by Iran to the west and Russia to the north and Pakistan to the east and south
  • Africa -  the second largest continent; located south of Europe and bordered to the west by the South Atlantic and to the east by the Indian Ocean
  • African -  of or relating to the nations of Africa or their peoples;  a native or inhabitant of Africa
  • AG -  a soft white precious univalent metallic element having the highest electrical and thermal conductivity of any metal; occurs in argentite and in free form; used in coins and jewelry and tableware and photography
  • AGE -  how long something has existed; a time in life (usually defined in years) at which some particular qualification or power arises; a late time of life; a prolonged period of time; an era of history having some distinctive feature; verb begin to seem older; get older; make older; grow old or older
  • AI -  the introduction of semen into the oviduct or uterus by some means other than sexual intercourse; a sloth that has three long claws on each forefoot and each hindfoot; the branch of computer science that deal with writing computer programs that can solve problems creatively; an agency of the United States Army responsible for providing timely and relevant and accurate and synchronized intelligence to tactical and operational and strategic level commanders
  • AIDS -  a serious (often fatal) disease of the immune system transmitted through blood products especially by sexual contact or contaminated needles
  • AL -  a state in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • ALA -  a wing of an insect; a flat wing-shaped process or winglike part of an organism
  • Alanine -  a crystalline amino acid that occurs in many proteins
  • Albania -  a republic in southeastern Europe on the Adriatic coast of the Balkan Peninsula
  • Albanian -  of or relating to Albania or its people or language or culture;  the Indo-European language spoken by the people of Albania; a native or inhabitant of Albania
  • alcohol -  a liquor or brew containing alcohol as the active agent; any of a series of volatile hydroxyl compounds that are made from hydrocarbons by distillation
  • Aldosterone -  a corticosteroid hormone that is secreted by the cortex of the adrenal gland; regulates salt (sodium and potassium) and water balance
  • Algeria -  a republic in northwestern Africa on the Mediterranean Sea with a population that is predominantly Sunni Muslim; colonized by France in the 19th century but gained autonomy in the early 1960s
  • Algerian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Algeria or its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Algeria
  • Allometry -  the study of the relative growth of a part of an organism in relation to the growth of the whole
  • Alpha -  early testing stage of a software or hardware product; first in order of importance;  the 1st letter of the Greek alphabet; the beginning of a series or sequence
  • Alprazolam -  an antianxiety agent (trade name Xanax) of the benzodiazepine class
  • Alternative medicine -  the practice of medicine without the use of drugs; may involve herbal medicines or self-awareness or biofeedback or acupuncture
  • Aluminium -  a silvery ductile metallic element found primarily in bauxite
  • AM -  modulation of the amplitude of the (radio) carrier wave; a master's degree in arts and sciences; a radioactive transuranic metallic element; discovered by bombarding uranium with helium atoms
  • Amalgam -  a combination or blend of diverse things; an alloy of mercury with another metal (usually silver) used by dentists to fill cavities in teeth; except for iron and platinum all metals dissolve in mercury and chemists refer to the resulting mercury mixtures as amalgams
  • American -  of or relating to or characteristic of the continents and islands of the Americas; of or relating to the United States of America or its people or language or culture;  a native or inhabitant of a North American or Central American or South American country; a native or inhabitant of the United States; the English language as used in the United States
  • American football -  a game played by two teams of 11 players on a rectangular field 100 yards long; teams try to get possession of the ball and advance it across the opponents goal line in a series of (running or passing) plays
  • amitriptyline -  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Elavil) with serious side effects; interacts with many other medications
  • Amoxicillin -  an antibiotic; a semisynthetic oral penicillin (trade names Amoxil and Larotid and Polymox and Trimox and Augmentin) used to treat bacterial infections
  • Amphetamine -  a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression
  • Ampicillin -  semisynthetic penicillin (trade names Principen and Polycillin and SK-Ampicillin)
  • Amsterdam -  an industrial center and the nominal capital of the Netherlands; center of the diamond-cutting industry; seat of an important stock exchange; known for its canals and art museum
  • Anaerobic -  living or active in the absence of free oxygen; not aerobic
  • analogue -  of a circuit or device having an output that is proportional to the input;  something having the property of being analogous to something else
  • Anatomy -  a detailed analysis; the branch of morphology that deals with the structure of animals; alternative names for the body of a human being
  • Ancient -  very old; belonging to times long past especially of the historical period before the fall of the Western Roman Empire;  a person who lived in ancient times; a very old person
  • Andorra -  a small republic in the eastern Pyrenees between Spain and France
  • Anglo-Indian -  relating to British India or the English in India;  a person of English citizenship born or living in India
  • Angola -  a republic in southwestern Africa on the Atlantic Ocean; achieved independence from Portugal in 1975 and was the scene of civil war until 1990
  • Angolan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Angola or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Angola
  • antibody -  any of a large variety of proteins normally present in the body or produced in response to an antigen which it neutralizes, thus producing an immune response
  • APT -  (usually followed by `to') naturally disposed toward; mentally quick and resourceful; at risk of or subject to experiencing something usually unpleasant; being of striking appropriateness and pertinence
  • AR -  a state in south central United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; a unit of surface area equal to 100 square meters; a colorless and odorless inert gas; one of the six inert gases; comprises approximately 1% of the earth's atmosphere
  • Arab -  a member of a Semitic people originally from the Arabian peninsula and surrounding territories who speaks Arabic and who inhabits much of the Middle East and northern Africa; a spirited graceful and intelligent riding horse native to Arabia
  • archaic -  little evolved from or characteristic of an earlier ancestral type; so extremely old as seeming to belong to an earlier period
  • Are -  a unit of surface area equal to 100 square meters
  • areca nut -  seed of betel palm; chewed with leaves of the betel pepper and lime as a digestive stimulant and narcotic in southeastern Asia
  • Argentina -  type genus of the Argentinidae: argentines; a republic in southern South America; second largest country in South America
  • Argentine -  of or relating to or characteristic of Argentina or its people;  any of various small silver-scaled salmon-like marine fishes
  • Ariadne -  beautiful daughter of Minos and Pasiphae; she fell in love with Theseus and gave him the thread with which he found his way out of the Minotaur's labyrinth
  • Armenia -  a landlocked republic in southwestern Asia; formerly an Asian soviet; modern Armenia is but a fragment of ancient Armenia which was one of the world's oldest civilizations; throughout 2500 years the Armenian people have been invaded and oppressed by their neighbors
  • Armenian -  of or pertaining to Armenia or the people or culture of Armenia;  a writing system having an alphabet of 38 letters in which the Armenian language is written; the Indo-European language spoken predominantly in Armenia; an ethnic group speaking Armenian and living in Armenia and Azerbaijan; a native or inhabitant of Armenia
  • Arsenic -  a very poisonous metallic element that has three allotropic forms; arsenic and arsenic compounds are used as herbicides and insecticides and various alloys; found in arsenopyrite and orpiment and realgar; a white powdered poisonous trioxide of arsenic; used in manufacturing glass and as a pesticide (rat poison) and weed killer
  • Arsenical -  relating to or containing arsenic;  a pesticide or drug containing arsenic
  • Article -  one of a class of artifacts; nonfictional prose forming an independent part of a publication; (grammar) a determiner that may indicate the specificity of reference of a phrase; a separate section of a legal document (as a statute or contract or will); verb bind by a contract; especially for a training period
  • Asbestos -  a fibrous amphibole; used for making fireproof articles; inhaling fibers can cause asbestosis or lung cancer
  • Ascorbic acid -  a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • Ashkenazi -  a Jew of eastern European or German descent
  • Asia -  the nations of the Asian continent collectively; the largest continent with 60% of the earth's population; it is joined to Europe on the west to form Eurasia; it is the site of some of the world's earliest civilizations
  • Asian -  denoting or characteristic of the biogeographic region including southern Asia and the Malay Archipelago as far as the Philippines and Borneo and Java; of or relating to or characteristic of Asia or the peoples of Asia or their languages or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Asia
  • aspirin -  the acetylated derivative of salicylic acid; used as an analgesic anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Bayer and Empirin) usually taken in tablet form; used as an antipyretic; slows clotting of the blood by poisoning platelets
  • Assamese -  of or relating to or characteristic of Assam or its people or culture;  the Magadhan language spoken by the Assamese people; closely related to Bengali; native or inhabitant of the state of Assam in northeastern India
  • Association football -  a football game in which two teams of 11 players try to kick or head a ball into the opponents' goal
  • Assyrian -  an extinct language of the Assyrians regarded as a dialect of Akkadian; an inhabitant of ancient Assyria
  • Asthma -  respiratory disorder characterized by wheezing; usually of allergic origin
  • at -  100 at equal 1 kip in Laos; a highly unstable radioactive element (the heaviest of the halogen series); a decay product of uranium and thorium
  • Atom -  (nontechnical usage) a tiny piece of anything; (physics and chemistry) the smallest component of an element having the chemical properties of the element
  • atropine -  a poisonous crystalline alkaloid extracted from the nightshade family; used as an antispasmodic and to dilate the eye pupil; also administered in large amounts as an antidote for organophosphate nerve agents or organophosphate insecticides
  • Atypical -  deviating from normal expectations; somewhat odd, strange, or abnormal; not representative of a group, class, or type
  • AUC -  a terrorist organization in Colombia formed in 1997 as an umbrella for local and regional paramilitary groups; is financed by earnings from narcotics and serves to protect the economic interests of its members
  • Australia -  a nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony; the smallest continent; between the South Pacific and the Indian Ocean
  • Australian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Australia or its inhabitants;  the Austronesian languages spoken by Australian aborigines; a native or inhabitant of Australia
  • Austria -  a mountainous republic in central Europe; under the Habsburgs (1278-1918) Austria maintained control of the Holy Roman Empire and was a leader in European politics until the 19th century
  • Austrian -  of or relating to Austria or its people or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Austria
  • Autism -  (psychiatry) an abnormal absorption with the self; marked by communication disorders and short attention span and inability to treat others as people
  • av -  the eleventh month of the civil year; the fifth month of the ecclesiastical year in the Jewish calendar (in July and August)
  • AZ -  a state in southwestern United States; site of the Grand Canyon; the azimuth of a celestial body is the angle between the vertical plane containing it and the plane of the meridian
  • Azerbaijan -  a landlocked republic in southwestern Asia; formerly an Asian soviet
  • Azerbaijani -  of or pertaining to Azerbaijan or the people or culture of Azerbaijan;  the Turkic language spoken by the Azerbaijani; a native or inhabitant of Azerbaijan
  • Aztec -  a member of the Nahuatl people who established an empire in Mexico that was overthrown by Cortes in 1519
  • Aztreonam -  an antibiotic (trade name Azactam) used against severe infections; has minimal side effects
  • Bacitracin -  a polypeptide antibiotic of known chemical structure effective against several types of Gram-positive organisms; usually applied locally
  • background -  (computer science) the area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear; a person's social heritage: previous experience or training; information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem; the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground; relatively unimportant or inconspicuous accompanying situation; extraneous signals that can be confused with the phenomenon to be observed or measured; scenery hung at back of stage; the state of the environment in which a situation exists; verb understate the importance or quality of
  • Bacteria -  (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered plants
  • Bahamian -  of or relating to or characteristic of the Bahama Islands or their inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of the Bahamas
  • Bahrain -  an island country in the Persian Gulf off the coast of Saudi Arabia; oil revenues funded progressive programs until reserves were exhausted in 1970s; an island in the Persian Gulf
  • Bahraini -  of or relating to or characteristic of Bahrain or its people or language;  a native or inhabitant of Bahrain
  • Balinese -  the Indonesian language of the people of Bali
  • Balochi -  an Iranian language spoken in Pakistan and Iran and Afghanistan and Russia and the Persian gulf
  • Bandy -  have legs that curve outward at the knees; verb discuss lightly; exchange blows; toss or strike a ball back and forth
  • Banff -  a popular vacation spot in the Canadian Rockies
  • Bangladesh -  a Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south; formerly part of India and then part of Pakistan; it achieved independence in 1971
  • Bangladeshi -  of or relating to or characteristic of Bangladesh or its people or language;  a native or inhabitant of Bangladesh
  • Barbadian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Barbados or its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Barbados
  • Barbiturate -  organic compound having powerful soporific effect; overdose can be fatal
  • Basque -  the language of the Basque people; of no known relation to any other language; a member of a people of unknown origin living in the western Pyrenees in France and Spain
  • BAY -  (used of animals especially a horse) of a moderate reddish-brown color;  a horse of a moderate reddish-brown color; a compartment in an aircraft used for some specific purpose; a compartment on a ship between decks; often used as a hospital; the sound of a hound on the scent; an indentation of a shoreline larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf; a small recess opening off a larger room; small Mediterranean evergreen tree with small blackish berries and glossy aromatic leaves used for flavoring in cooking; also used by ancient Greeks to crown victors; verb bark with prolonged noises, of dogs; utter in deep prolonged tones
  • BB -  a small pellet fired from an air rifle or BB gun
  • BC - adv. before the Christian era; used following dates before the supposed year Christ was born
  • Belarus -  a landlocked republic in eastern Europe; formerly a European soviet
  • Belarusian -  of or pertaining to Belarus or to the people or culture of Belarus;  the Slavic language spoken in Belarus
  • Belgian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Belgium or the Belgian people;  a native or inhabitant of Belgium
  • Belgium -  a monarchy in northwestern Europe; headquarters for the European Union and for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Belgrade -  capital and largest city of Serbia and Montenegro; situated on the Danube
  • Belize -  a country on the northeastern coast of Central America on the Caribbean; formerly under British control
  • Bengali -  of or relating to or characteristic of Bengal or its people;  a Magadhan language spoken by the Bengali people; the official language of Bangladesh and Bengal; an ethnic group speaking Bengali and living in Bangladesh and eastern India; (Hinduism) a member of a people living in Bangladesh and West Bengal (mainly Hindus)
  • Benin -  a country on western coast of Africa; formerly under French control
  • Beninese -  of or relating to or characteristic of Benin or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Benin
  • Benzocaine -  a white crystalline ester used as a local anesthetic
  • Benzodiazepine -  any of several similar lipophilic amines used as tranquilizers or sedatives or hypnotics or muscle relaxants; chronic use can lead to dependency
  • benzofuran -  a colorless oily compound extracted from coal tar and used in manufacturing synthetic resins
  • Benzylpenicillin -  the penicillin that constitutes the principal component of many commercial antibiotics
  • Berber -  a cluster of related dialects that were once the major language of northern Africa west of Egypt; now spoken mostly in Morocco; an ethnic minority descended from Berbers and Arabs and living in northern Africa; a member of a Caucasian Muslim people of northern Africa
  • Beta blocker -  any of various drugs used in treating hypertension or arrhythmia; decreases force and rate of heart contractions by blocking beta-adrenergic receptors of the autonomic nervous system
  • Bhutan -  a landlocked principality in the Himalayas northeast of India
  • Bhutanese -  of or pertaining to or characteristic of Bhutan or its people or culture or language;  a native or inhabitant of Bhutan
  • Bihari -  the Indic language spoken in Bihar (and by some people in Pakistan and Bangladesh)
  • bind -  something that hinders as if with bonds; verb form a chemical bond with; make fast; tie or secure, with or as if with a rope; wrap around with something so as to cover or enclose; provide with a binding; create social or emotional ties; cause to be constipated; bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted; fasten or secure with a rope, string, or cord; secure with or as if with ropes; stick to firmly
  • binding -  causing constipation; hindering freedom of movement; executed with proper legal authority;  the protective covering on the front, back, and spine of a book; strip sewn over or along an edge for reinforcement or decoration; the capacity to attract and hold something; the act of applying a bandage
  • Biostatistics -  a branch of biology that studies biological phenomena and observations by means of statistical analysis
  • Bismuth -  a heavy brittle diamagnetic trivalent metallic element (resembles arsenic and antimony chemically); usually recovered as a by-product from ores of other metals
  • Bivalent -  used of homologous chromosomes associated in pairs in synapsis; having a valence of two or having two valences
  • Black Death -  the epidemic form of bubonic plague experienced during the Middle Ages when it killed nearly half the people of western Europe
  • Bolivia -  a form of canasta in which sequences can be melded; a landlocked republic in central South America; Simon Bolivar founded Bolivia in 1825 after winning independence from Spain
  • Bolivian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Bolivia or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Bolivia
  • Bone -  consisting of or made up of bone;  a shade of white the color of bleached bones; rigid connective tissue that makes up the skeleton of vertebrates; the porous calcified substance from which bones are made; verb remove the bones from; study intensively, as before an exam
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina -  a mountainous republic of south-central Europe; formerly part of the Ottoman Empire and then a part of Yugoslavia; voted for independence in 1992 but the mostly Serbian army of Yugoslavia refused to accept the vote and began ethnic cleansing in order to rid Bosnia of its Croats and Muslims
  • Botswana -  a landlocked republic in south-central Africa that became independent from British control in the 1960s
  • Bottled water -  drinking water (often spring water) that is put into bottles and offered for sale
  • Bourbon -  whiskey distilled from a mash of corn and malt and rye and aged in charred oak barrels; a European royal line that ruled in France (from 1589-1793) and Spain and Naples and Sicily; a member of the European royal family that ruled France; a reactionary politician in the United States (usually from the South)
  • Brazil -  the largest Latin American country and the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the central and northeastern part of South America; world's leading coffee exporter; three-sided tropical American nut with white oily meat and hard brown shell
  • Brazilian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Brazil or the people of Brazil;  a native or inhabitant of Brazil
  • breast -  the front part of the trunk from the neck to the abdomen; either of two soft fleshy milk-secreting glandular organs on the chest of a woman; meat carved from the breast of a fowl; verb reach the summit; meet at breast level; confront bodily
  • British -  of or relating to or characteristic of Great Britain or its people or culture;  the people of Great Britain
  • Bromide -  any of the salts of hydrobromic acid; formerly used as a sedative but now generally replaced by safer drugs; a trite or obvious remark
  • Brunei -  a sultanate in northwestern Borneo; became independent of Great Britain in 1984
  • Bruneian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Brunei or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Brunei
  • Brussels -  the capital and largest city of Belgium; seat of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
  • Bucharest -  national capital and largest city of Romania in southeastern Romania
  • Buck -  mature male of various mammals (especially deer or antelope); United States author whose novels drew on her experiences as a missionary in China (1892-1973); a framework for holding wood that is being sawed; a gymnastic horse without pommels and with one end elongated; used lengthwise for vaulting; a piece of paper money worth one dollar; verb jump vertically, with legs stiff and back arched; resist; to strive with determination; move quickly and violently
  • Buddhism -  the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth; a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha
  • Buddhist -  of or relating to or supporting Buddhism;  one who follows the teachings of Buddha
  • Bulgaria -  a republic in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe
  • Bulgarian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Bulgaria or its people;  a Slavic language spoken in Bulgaria; a native or inhabitant of Bulgaria
  • Burkina Faso -  a desperately poor landlocked country in western Africa; was formerly Upper Volta under French rule but gained independence in 1960
  • Burmese -  of or relating to or characteristic of Myanmar or its people;  the official language of Burma; a native or inhabitant of Myanmar
  • Burundi -  of or relating to or characteristic of Burundi or its people;  a landlocked republic in east central Africa on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika
  • Burundian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Burundi or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Burundi
  • Buspirone -  a drug (trade name BuSpar) designed specifically for anxiety
  • Butadiene -  a gaseous hydrocarbon C4H6; used in making synthetic rubbers
  • Butyl -  a hydrocarbon radical (C4H9)
  • by - adv. so as to pass a given point; in reserve; not for immediate use
  • Byzantine -  characterized by elaborate scheming and intrigue; devious; highly complex or intricate; of or relating to or characteristic of the Byzantine Empire or the ancient city of Byzantium; of or relating to the Eastern Orthodox Church or the rites performed in it;  a native or inhabitant of Byzantium or of the Byzantine Empire
  • CAB -  a car driven by a person whose job is to take passengers where they want to go in exchange for money; small two-wheeled horse-drawn carriage; with two seats and a folding hood; a compartment at the front of a motor vehicle or locomotive where driver sits; verb ride in a taxicab
  • cadmium -  a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element; occurs in association with zinc ores
  • Caff -  informal British term for a cafe
  • caffeine -  a bitter alkaloid found in coffee and tea that is responsible for their stimulating effects
  • Cajun -  a Louisianian descended from Acadian immigrants from Nova Scotia (`Cajun' comes from `Acadian')
  • Calcaneal -  relating to the heel bone or heel
  • Calcium -  a white metallic element that burns with a brilliant light; the fifth most abundant element in the earth's crust; an important component of most plants and animals
  • Calcium carbonate -  a salt found in nature as chalk or calcite or aragonite or limestone
  • California -  a state in the western United States on the Pacific; the 3rd largest state; known for earthquakes
  • Cambodia -  a nation in southeastern Asia; was part of Indochina under French rule until 1946
  • Cambodian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Cambodia or its people or language;  a native or inhabitant of Cambodia
  • Cameroon -  a republic on the western coast of central Africa; was under French and British control until 1960; an inactive volcano in western Cameroon; highest peak on the West African coast
  • Cameroonian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Cameroon or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Cameroon
  • Camphor -  a resin obtained from the camphor tree; used in making celluloid and liniment
  • Canada -  a nation in northern North America; the French were the first Europeans to settle in mainland Canada
  • Canadian -  of or relating to Canada or its people;  a river rising in northeastern New Mexico and flowing eastward across the Texas panhandle to become a tributary of the Arkansas River in Oklahoma; a native or inhabitant of Canada
  • Cancer -  type genus of the family Cancridae; the fourth sign of the zodiac; the sun is in this sign from about June 21 to July 22; a small zodiacal constellation in the northern hemisphere; between Leo and Gemini; (astrology) a person who is born while the sun is in Cancer; any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream
  • Cannabis -  the most commonly used illicit drug; considered a soft drug, it consists of the dried leaves of the hemp plant; smoked or chewed for euphoric effect; any plant of the genus Cannabis; a coarse bushy annual with palmate leaves and clusters of small green flowers; yields tough fibers and narcotic drugs
  • Cantonese -  the dialect of Chinese spoken in Canton and neighboring provinces and in Hong Kong and elsewhere outside China
  • Cape Verde -  an island country in the Atlantic off the coast of Senegal
  • Cappuccino -  equal parts of espresso and hot milk topped with cinnamon and nutmeg and usually whipped cream
  • Capsaicin -  colorless pungent crystalline compound derived from capsicum; source of the hotness of hot peppers of the genus Capsicum such as chili and cayenne and jalapeno
  • cardiology -  the branch of medicine dealing with the heart and its diseases
  • cardiovascular system -  the organs and tissues involved in circulating blood and lymph through the body
  • Caribbean -  region including the Caribbean islands; an arm of the Atlantic Ocean between North and South America; the origin of the Gulf stream
  • CART -  a heavy open wagon usually having two wheels and drawn by an animal; wheeled vehicle that can be pushed by a person; may have one or two or four wheels; verb transport something in a cart; draw slowly or heavily
  • Cartilage -  tough elastic tissue; mostly converted to bone in adults
  • Case law -  (civil law) a law established by following earlier judicial decisions; a system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws
  • CAT -  feline mammal usually having thick soft fur and no ability to roar: domestic cats; wildcats; a spiteful woman gossip; a method of examining body organs by scanning them with X rays and using a computer to construct a series of cross-sectional scans along a single axis; any of several large cats typically able to roar and living in the wild; a large tracked vehicle that is propelled by two endless metal belts; frequently used for moving earth in construction and farm work; a whip with nine knotted cords; the leaves of the shrub Catha edulis which are chewed like tobacco or used to make tea; has the effect of a euphoric stimulant; an informal term for a youth or man; verb beat with a cat-o'-nine-tails; eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth
  • Catalan -  relating to or characteristic of the Catalan language; relating to or denoting or characteristic of Catalonia or its inhabitants;  the Romance language spoken in Catalonia in eastern Spain (related to Spanish and Occitan); a native or inhabitant of Catalonia
  • Category -  a general concept that marks divisions or coordinations in a conceptual scheme; a collection of things sharing a common attribute
  • Catholicism -  the beliefs and practices of a Catholic Church
  • Caucasian -  of or relating to Caucasian people; of or relating to the geographical region of Caucasia;  a number of languages spoken in the Caucasus that have no known affiliations to languages spoken elsewhere; a member of the Caucasoid race
  • CAY -  a coral reef off the southern coast of Florida
  • CBC -  counting the number of white and red blood cells and the number of platelets in 1 cubic millimeter of blood
  • CBR -  (cosmology) the cooled remnant of the hot big bang that fills the entire universe and can be observed today with an average temperature of about 2.725 kelvin
  • CD -  a digitally encoded recording on an optical disk that is smaller than a phonograph record; played back by a laser; a debt instrument issued by a bank; usually pays interest; the basic unit of luminous intensity adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; equal to 1/60 of the luminous intensity per square centimeter of a black body radiating at the temperature of 2,046 degrees Kelvin; a soft bluish-white ductile malleable toxic bivalent metallic element; occurs in association with zinc ores
  • Cefadroxil -  a cephalosporin antibiotic (trade name Ultracef)
  • Cefoperazone -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Cefobid) used for severe infections
  • Cefotaxime -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Claforan) used for severe infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • Ceftazidime -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade names Fortaz and Tazicef) used to treat moderate infections
  • Ceftriaxone -  a parenteral cephalosporin (trade name Rocephin) used for severe infection of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract
  • Cefuroxime -  a cephalosporin that can be given parenterally (trade name Zinacef) or orally by tablets (trade name Ceftin); indicated for infections of the lungs or throat or ears or urinary tract or meninges
  • Celecoxib -  a Cox-2 inhibitor (trade name Celebrex) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract
  • cell -  (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals; a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction; a room where a prisoner is kept; small room is which a monk or nun lives; any small compartment; a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement; a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver
  • Cell membrane -  a thin membrane (a double layer of lipids) enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions (like sodium or potassium or calcium) in and out of the cell
  • cell wall -  a rigid layer of polysaccharides enclosing the membrane of plant and prokaryotic cells; maintains the shape of the cell and serves as a protective barrier
  • center -  equally distant from the extremes; of or belonging to neither the right nor the left politically or intellectually;  a position on a basketball team of the player who participates in the jump that starts the game; the position of the player on the line of scrimmage who puts the ball in play; the position on a hockey team of the player who participates in the face off at the beginning of the game; a building dedicated to a particular activity; a cluster of nerve cells governing a specific bodily process; the object upon which interest and attention focuses; the sweet central portion of a piece of candy that is enclosed in chocolate or some other covering; politically moderate persons; centrists; the middle of a military or naval formation; a place where some particular activity is concentrated; a point equidistant from the ends of a line or the extremities of a figure; an area that is approximately central within some larger region; (football) the person who plays center on the line of scrimmage and snaps the ball to the quarterback; (basketball) the person who plays center on a basketball team; (ice hockey) the person who plays center on a hockey team; the piece of ground in the outfield directly ahead of the catcher; mercantile establishment consisting of a carefully landscaped complex of shops representing leading merchandisers; usually includes restaurants and a convenient parking area; a modern version of the traditional marketplace; the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some idea or experience; verb move into the center; direct one's attention on something; center upon
  • Central -  in or near a center or constituting a center; the inner area; centrally located and easy to reach; used in the description of a place that in the middle of another place; serving as an essential component;  a workplace that serves as a telecommunications facility where lines from telephones can be connected together to permit communication
  • Central African Republic -  a landlocked country in central Africa; formerly under French control; became independent in 1960
  • Centromere -  a specialized condensed region of each chromosome that appears during mitosis where the chromatids are held together to form an X shape
  • Chad -  a family of Afroasiatic tonal languages (mostly two tones) spoken in the regions west and south of Lake Chad in north central Africa; a landlocked desert republic in north-central Africa; was under French control until 1960; a small piece of paper that is supposed to be removed when a hole is punched in a card or paper tape; a lake in north central Africa; fed by the Shari river
  • Chadian -  of or relating to or characteristic of the Republic of Chad or its people or language;  a native or inhabitant of Chad
  • chain -  a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament; a necklace made by a stringing objects together; anything that acts as a restraint; a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership; a series of things depending on each other as if linked together; (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule); British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979); a unit of length; a series of hills or mountains; verb fasten or secure with chains; connect or arrange into a chain by linking
  • Chains -  metal shackles; for hands or legs
  • Channel -  a passage for water (or other fluids) to flow through; a television station and its programs; a path over which electrical signals can pass; (often plural) a means of communication or access; a deep and relatively narrow body of water (as in a river or a harbor or a strait linking two larger bodies) that allows the best passage for vessels; a way of selling a company's product either directly or via distributors; a bodily passage or tube lined with epithelial cells and conveying a secretion or other substance; a long narrow furrow cut either by a natural process (such as erosion) or by a tool (as e.g. a groove in a phonograph record); verb direct the flow of; send from one person or place to another; transmit or serve as the medium for transmission
  • Characteristic -  typical or distinctive;  a distinguishing quality; any measurable property of a device measured under closely specified conditions; the integer part (positive or negative) of the representation of a logarithm; in the expression log 643 = 2.808 the characteristic is 2; a prominent aspect of something
  • Charcoal -  of a very dark grey;  a stick of black carbon material used for drawing; a drawing made with a stick of black carbon material; a very dark grey color; a carbonaceous material obtained by heating wood or other organic matter in the absence of air; verb draw, trace, or represent with charcoal
  • Chechen -  of or relating to Chechnya or its people or culture;  a northern Caucasian language spoken by the Chechen; a native or inhabitant of Chechnya
  • Chicory -  crisp spiky leaves with somewhat bitter taste; root of the chicory plant roasted and ground to substitute for or adulterate coffee; perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads; the dried root of the chicory plant: used as a coffee substitute
  • child -  a young person of either sex; a human offspring (son or daughter) of any age; an immature childish person; a member of a clan or tribe
  • childhood -  the state of a child between infancy and adolescence; the time of person's life when they are a child
  • Chile -  a republic in southern South America on the western slopes of the Andes on the south Pacific coast; very hot and finely tapering pepper of special pungency
  • Chilean -  of or relating to or characteristic of Chile or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Chile
  • China -  high quality porcelain originally made only in China; a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world; dishware made of high quality porcelain; a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong
  • Chinese -  of or pertaining to China or its peoples or cultures; of or relating to or characteristic of the island republic on Taiwan or its residents or their language;  any of the Sino-Tibetan languages spoken in China; regarded as dialects of a single language (even though they are mutually unintelligible) because they share an ideographic writing system; a native or inhabitant of Communist China or of Nationalist China
  • Chiropractic -  a method of treatment that manipulates body structures (especially the spine) to relieve low back pain or even headache or high blood pressure
  • Chloramphenicol -  an oral antibiotic (trade name Chloromycetin) used to treat serious infections (especially typhoid fever)
  • Chlordiazepoxide -  a tranquilizer (trade names Librium and Libritabs) used in the treatment of alcoholism
  • Chlorothiazide -  a diuretic drug (trade name Diuril) used in the treatment of edema and hypertension
  • chlorpromazine -  a drug (trade name Thorazine) derived from phenothiazine that has antipsychotic effects and is used as a sedative and tranquilizer
  • Chlortetracycline -  a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trade name Aureomycin) used to treat certain bacterial and rickettsial diseases
  • Cholera -  an acute intestinal infection caused by ingestion of contaminated water or food
  • Cholinesterase -  an enzyme that hydrolyses acetylcholine (into choline and acetic acid)
  • CHORUS -  any utterance produced simultaneously by a group; a group of people assembled to sing together; a company of actors who comment (by speaking or singing in unison) on the action in a classical Greek play; a body of dancers or singers who perform together; the part of a song where a soloist is joined by a group of singers; verb utter in unison; sing in a choir
  • Christchurch -  industrial city at the center of a rich agricultural region
  • Christian -  following the teachings or manifesting the qualities or spirit of Jesus Christ; relating to or characteristic of Christianity;  a religious person who believes Jesus is the Christ and who is a member of a Christian denomination
  • Christianity -  a monotheistic system of beliefs and practices based on the Old Testament and the teachings of Jesus as embodied in the New Testament and emphasizing the role of Jesus as savior; the collective body of Christians throughout the world and history (found predominantly in Europe and the Americas and Australia)
  • Cimetidine -  a drug (trade name Tagamet) used to treat peptic ulcers by decreasing the secretion of stomach acid
  • Ciprofloxacin -  an oral antibiotic (trade name Cipro) used against serious bacterial infections of the skin or respiratory tract or urinary tract or bones or joints
  • Circassian -  a northern Caucasian language spoken by the Circassian; a member of a Caucasian people living in the Caucasus but not speaking an Indo-European language
  • Circulatory -  relating to circulatory system or to circulation of the blood; of or relating to circulation
  • Citrate -  a salt or ester of citric acid; verb cause to form a salt or ester of citric acid
  • Citric acid -  a weak water-soluble acid found in many fruits (especially citrus fruits); used as a flavoring agent
  • CL -  a metric unit of volume equal to one hundredth of a liter; a common nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; best known as a heavy yellow irritating toxic gas; used to purify water and as a bleaching agent and disinfectant; occurs naturally only as a salt (as in sea water)
  • class -  elegance in dress or behavior; people having the same social or economic status; a collection of things sharing a common attribute; (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more orders; a body of students who are taught together; a body of students who graduate together; a league ranked by quality; education imparted in a series of lessons or meetings; verb arrange or order by classes or categories
  • Claviceps -  fungi parasitic upon the ovaries of various grasses
  • Clavicle -  bone linking the scapula and sternum
  • Clearance -  permission to proceed; the distance by which one thing clears another; the space between them; vertical space available to allow easy passage under something
  • Clonidine -  an antihypertensive (trade name Catapres) that can be administered orally or via transdermal patches
  • Clozapine -  an antipsychotic drug (trade name Clozaril) used as a sedative and for treatment-resistant schizophrenia; know to have few side effects
  • Coach -  a carriage pulled by four horses with one driver; a person who gives private instruction (as in singing or acting); (sports) someone in charge of training an athlete or a team; a vehicle carrying many passengers; used for public transport; a railcar where passengers ride; verb teach and supervise (someone); act as a trainer or coach (to), as in sports; drive a coach
  • coagulation -  the process of forming semisolid lumps in a liquid
  • Coal tar -  a tar formed from distillation of bituminous coal; coal tar can be further distilled to give various aromatic compounds
  • cocaine -  a narcotic (alkaloid) extracted from coca leaves; used as a surface anesthetic or taken for pleasure; can become powerfully addictive
  • Codeine -  derivative of opium; used as an antitussive (to relieve coughing) and an analgesic (to relive pain)
  • coenzyme Q -  any of several quinones found in living cells and that function as coenzymes that transfer electrons from one molecule to another in cell respiration
  • Coffee -  a beverage consisting of an infusion of ground coffee beans; any of several small trees and shrubs native to the tropical Old World yielding coffee beans; a medium brown to dark-brown color; a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • Coffee bean -  a seed of the coffee tree; ground to make coffee
  • Coffee break -  a snack taken during a break in the work day
  • Coffeehouse -  a small restaurant where drinks and snacks are sold
  • Collagen -  a fibrous scleroprotein in bone and cartilage and tendon and other connective tissue; yields gelatin on boiling
  • Cologne -  a perfumed liquid made of essential oils and alcohol; a commercial center and river port in western Germany on the Rhine River; flourished during the 15th century as a member of the Hanseatic League
  • Colombia -  a republic in northwestern South America with a coastline on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; achieved independence from Spain in 1821 under the leadership of Simon Bolivar; Spanish is the official language
  • Colombian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Colombia or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Colombia
  • common -  having no special distinction or quality; widely known or commonly encountered; average or ordinary or usual; belonging to or participated in by a community as a whole; public; commonly encountered; being or characteristic of or appropriate to everyday language; of or associated with the great masses of people; to be expected; standard; common to or shared by two or more parties; lacking refinement or cultivation or taste; of low or inferior quality or value;  a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • Common cold -  a mild viral infection involving the nose and respiratory passages (but not the lungs)
  • Commons -  a pasture subject to common use; class composed of persons lacking noble or knightly or gentle rank; a piece of open land for recreational use in an urban area
  • Competition -  the act of competing as for profit or a prize; a business relation in which two parties compete to gain customers; an occasion on which a winner is selected from among two or more contestants; the contestant you hope to defeat
  • Compression fracture -  fracture in which the bone collapses (especially in short bones such as vertebrae)
  • Concentration -  strengthening the amount of a substance in a unit amount of another substance (as of a solute in a mixture) by removing the other substance; bringing together military forces; (chemistry) the strength of a solution; number of molecules of a substance in a given volume (expressed as moles/cubic meter); the spatial property of being crowded together; complete attention; intense mental effort; increase in density; great and constant diligence and attention
  • Congolese -  of or relating to or characteristic of the Congo region or its people;  a native or inhabitant of the Republic of the Congo
  • Control -  the activity of managing or exerting control over something; (physiology) regulation or maintenance of a function or action or reflex etc; a mechanism that controls the operation of a machine; power to direct or determine; the economic policy of controlling or limiting or curbing prices or wages etc.; a spiritual agency that is assumed to assist the medium during a seance; a relation of constraint of one entity (thing or person or group) by another; discipline in personal and social activities; great skillfulness and knowledge of some subject or activity; a standard against which other conditions can be compared in a scientific experiment; the state that exists when one person or group has power over another; verb verify by using a duplicate register for comparison; exercise authoritative control or power over; lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits; verify or regulate by conducting a parallel experiment or comparing with another standard, of scientific experiments; have a firm understanding or knowledge of; be on top of; be careful or certain to do something; make certain of something; handle and cause to function; control (others or oneself) or influence skillfully, usually to one's advantage
  • Cookbook -  a book of recipes and cooking directions
  • Copenhagen -  the capital and largest city of Denmark; located on the island of Zealand
  • Copper sulfate -  a copper salt made by the action of sulfuric acid on copper oxide
  • Cornish -  of or related to Cornwall or its people or the Cornish language;  English breed of compact domestic fowl; raised primarily to crossbreed to produce roasters; a Celtic language spoken in Cornwall
  • Corporate -  organized and maintained as a legal corporation; done by or characteristic of individuals acting together; of or belonging to a corporation; possessing or existing in bodily form
  • Corticosterone -  secreted by the adrenal cortex; involved in regulating water and electrolyte balance in the body
  • Cortisol -  an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • Costa Rica -  a republic in Central America; one of the most politically stable countries in Latin America
  • COX -  the helmsman of a ship's boat or a racing crew; either of two related enzymes that control the production of prostaglandins and are blocked by aspirin; verb act as the coxswain, in a boat race
  • Credentials -  a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts
  • cresol -  any of three poisonous colorless isomeric phenols; derived from coal or wood tar; used as a disinfectant
  • Croatia -  a republic in the western Balkans in south-central Europe in the eastern Adriatic coastal area; formerly part of the Habsburg monarchy and Yugoslavia; became independent in 1991
  • Croatian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Croatia or its people or language;  a member of the Slavic people living in Croatia
  • crystal violet -  a green crystal (violet in water) used as a dye or stain or bactericide or fungicide or anthelmintic or burn treatment
  • Cuba -  the largest island in the West Indies; a communist state in the Caribbean on the island of Cuba
  • Cuban -  of or relating to or characteristic of Cuba or the people of Cuba;  a native or inhabitant of Cuba
  • Cyanide poisoning -  poisoning due to ingesting or inhaling cyanide; common in smoke from fires and in industrial chemicals
  • Cyclobenzaprine -  muscle relaxant (trade name Flexeril) used for muscle spasms or acute injury
  • Cycloserine -  an antibiotic that is especially active against the tubercle bacillus
  • Cypriot -  of or relating to Cyprus or its people or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Cyprus
  • Cyproheptadine -  an antihistamine (trade name Periactin) used to treat some allergic reactions
  • Cyprus -  an island in the eastern Mediterranean; a country on the island of Cyprus; 80% of the people are of Greek origin and 20% or Turkish origin
  • Czech -  of or relating to Czechoslovakia or its people or their language;  the Slavic language of Czechs; a native of inhabitant of the Czech Republic; a native or inhabitant of the former republic of Czechoslovakia
  • Czech Republic -  a landlocked republic in central Europe; separated from Slovakia in 1993
  • DAL -  a metric unit of volume or capacity equal to 10 liters
  • DAM -  female parent of an animal especially domestic livestock; a barrier constructed to contain the flow of water or to keep out the sea; a metric unit of length equal to ten meters; verb obstruct with, or as if with, a dam
  • Danish -  of or relating to or characteristic of Denmark or the Danes;  a Scandinavian language that is the official language of Denmark; light sweet yeast-raised roll usually filled with fruits or cheese
  • Dapsone -  antibacterial drug used to treat leprosy and some kinds of skin diseases
  • DAT -  an digital tape recording of sound
  • DEA -  federal agency responsible for enforcing laws and regulations governing narcotics and controlled substances; goal is to immobilize drug trafficking organizations
  • Demitasse -  small coffee cup; for serving black coffee; small cup of strong black coffee without milk or cream
  • Denmark -  a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe; consists of the mainland of Jutland and many islands between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea
  • Dental surgery -  the branch of dentistry involving surgical procedures
  • Dentistry -  the branch of medicine dealing with the anatomy and development and diseases of the teeth
  • Dentition -  the kind and number and arrangement of teeth (collectively) in a person or animal; the eruption through the gums of baby teeth
  • Depression -  pushing down; sad feelings of gloom and inadequacy; angular distance below the horizon (especially of a celestial object); a concavity in a surface produced by pressing; a mental state characterized by a pessimistic sense of inadequacy and a despondent lack of activity; a long-term economic state characterized by unemployment and low prices and low levels of trade and investment; a period during the 1930s when there was a worldwide economic depression and mass unemployment; a sunken or depressed geological formation; a state of depression and anhedonia so severe as to require clinical intervention; an air mass of lower pressure; often brings precipitation
  • Dermis -  the deep vascular inner layer of the skin
  • Description -  sort or variety; a statement that represents something in words; the act of describing something
  • details -  true confidential information
  • detergent -  having cleansing power;  a cleansing agent that differs from soap but can also emulsify oils and hold dirt in suspension; a surface-active chemical widely used in industry and laundering
  • Dexamethasone -  a corticosteroid drug (trade names Decadron or Dexamethasone Intensol or Dexone or Hexadrol or Oradexon) used to treat allergies or inflammation
  • Dexedrine -  an isomer of amphetamine (trade name Dexedrine) used as a central nervous system stimulant
  • DG -  1/10 gram
  • Diabetes mellitus -  diabetes caused by a relative or absolute deficiency of insulin and characterized by polyuria
  • Diagnosis -  identifying the nature or cause of some phenomenon
  • Diazepam -  a tranquilizer (trade name Valium) used to relieve anxiety and relax muscles; acts by enhancing the inhibitory actions of the neurotransmitter GABA; can also be used as an anticonvulsant drug in cases of nerve agent poisoning
  • Dibucaine -  a local anesthetic that is administered by injection
  • Dicloxacillin -  antibacterial (trade name Dynapen) used to treat staphylococcal infections that are resistant to penicillin
  • Dicoumarol -  an anticoagulant drug that has now been largely replaced by warfarin
  • diethylstilbestrol -  a potent estrogen used in medicine and in feed for livestock and poultry
  • Diflunisal -  nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (trade name Dolobid) used to treat arthritis and other inflammatory conditions
  • Dihydrostreptomycin -  antibiotic consisting of a hydrogenated form of streptomycin; used against tuberculosis and tularemia and Gram-negative organisms
  • Dilation and curettage -  a surgical procedure usually performed under local anesthesia in which the cervix is dilated and the endometrial lining of the uterus is scraped with a curet; performed to obtain tissue samples or to stop prolonged bleeding or to remove small tumors or to remove fragments of placenta after childbirth or as a method of abortion
  • Dimenhydrinate -  antihistamine and antiemetic (trade name Dramamine) used to treat motion sickness
  • Diphenhydramine -  antihistamine (trade name Benadryl) used to treat allergic reactions involving the nasal passages (hay fever) and also to treat motion sickness
  • Discovery -  the act of discovering something; a productive insight; something that is discovered; (law) compulsory pretrial disclosure of documents relevant to a case; enables one side in a litigation to elicit information from the other side concerning the facts in the case
  • discussion -  an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic; an exchange of views on some topic
  • disease -  an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning
  • Disputed -  subject to disagreement and debate
  • Djiboutian -  of or relating to Djibouti or its people or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Djibouti
  • DL -  a metric unit of volume equal to one tenth of a liter
  • DNA -  (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information
  • doc -  the United States federal department that promotes and administers domestic and foreign trade (including management of the census and the patent office); created in 1913; a licensed medical practitioner
  • Documentation -  documentary validation; confirmation that some fact or statement is true; program listings or technical manuals describing the operation and use of programs
  • Domestic violence -  violence or physical abuse directed toward your spouse or domestic partner; usually violence by men against women
  • Dominican -  of or relating to Saint Dominic or the Dominican order; of or relating to or characteristic of the Dominican Republic or its people;  a Roman Catholic friar wearing the black mantle of the Dominican order
  • Dominican Republic -  a republic in the West Indies; located on the eastern two-thirds of the island of Hispaniola
  • Domoic acid -  a neurotoxin that is deadly for humans; found in various marine algae
  • Dopamine -  a monoamine neurotransmitter found in the brain and essential for the normal functioning of the central nervous system; as a drug (trade names Dopastat and Intropin) it is used to treat shock and hypotension
  • Dose -  a measured portion of medicine taken at any one time; the quantity of an active agent (substance or radiation) taken in or absorbed at any one time; street name for lysergic acid diethylamide; a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact; verb treat with an agent; add (an agent) to; administer a drug to
  • Doxepin -  a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Adapin and Sinequan) with numerous side effects (dry mouth and sedation and gastrointestinal disturbances)
  • Doxycycline -  an antibiotic derived from tetracycline that is effective against many infections
  • dronabinol -  psychoactive substance present in marijuana; used therapeutically to control nausea associated with cancer therapy
  • Dutch -  of or relating to the Netherlands or its people or culture;  the West Germanic language of the Netherlands; the people of the Netherlands
  • East Timor -  a former Portuguese colony that was annexed by Indonesia in 1976; voted for independence from Indonesia in 1999 and in May 2002 became an independent nation
  • Eastern -  lying toward or situated in the east; relating to or characteristic of regions of eastern parts of the world; of or characteristic of eastern regions of the United States; from the east; used especially of winds; lying in or toward the east
  • Economics -  the branch of social science that deals with the production and distribution and consumption of goods and services and their management
  • Ecuador -  a republic in northwestern South America; became independent from Spain in 1822; the landscape is dominated by the Andes
  • Ecuadorian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Ecuador or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Ecuador
  • edit - verb prepare for publication or presentation by correcting, revising, or adapting; cut or eliminate; cut and assemble the components of; supervise the publication of
  • Education -  the profession of teaching (especially at a school or college or university); the activities of educating or instructing; activities that impart knowledge or skill; the result of good upbringing (especially knowledge of correct social behavior); the gradual process of acquiring knowledge; knowledge acquired by learning and instruction; the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with education (including federal aid to educational institutions and students); created 1979
  • Egypt -  a republic in northeastern Africa known as the United Arab Republic until 1971; site of an ancient civilization that flourished from 2600 to 30 BC; an ancient empire west of Israel; centered on the Nile River and ruled by a Pharaoh; figured in many events described in the Old Testament
  • Egyptian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Egypt or its people or their language;  the ancient and now extinct language of Egypt under the Pharaohs; written records date back to 3000 BC; a native or inhabitant of Egypt
  • El Salvador -  a republic on the Pacific coast of Central America
  • Emergency medicine -  the branch of medicine concerned with the prompt diagnosis and treatment of injuries or trauma or sudden illness
  • Emetic -  a medicine that induces nausea and vomiting
  • Endodontics -  the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the dental pulp
  • English -  of or relating to or characteristic of England or its culture or people; of or relating to the English language;  the discipline that studies the English language and literature; an Indo-European language belonging to the West Germanic branch; the official language of Britain and the United States and most of the commonwealth countries; (sports) the spin given to a ball by striking it on one side or releasing it with a sharp twist; the people of England
  • Entry -  an item inserted in a written record; a written record of a commercial transaction; the act of entering; the act of beginning something new; something that provides access (to get in or get out); something (manuscripts or architectural plans and models or estimates or works of art of all genres etc.) submitted for the judgment of others (as in a competition)
  • envelope -  any wrapper or covering; a flat rectangular paper container for papers; the bag containing the gas in a balloon; the maximum operating capability of a system; a natural covering (as by a fluid); a curve that is tangent to each of a family of curves
  • epidemiology -  the branch of medical science dealing with the transmission and control of disease
  • Epidermis -  the outer layer of the skin covering the exterior body surface of vertebrates
  • Epinephrine -  a catecholamine secreted by the adrenal medulla in response to stress (trade name Adrenalin); stimulates autonomic nerve action
  • Epstein -  British sculptor (born in the United States) noted for busts and large controversial works (1880-1959)
  • Equipment -  an instrumentality needed for an undertaking or to perform a service
  • ER -  a room in a hospital or clinic staffed and equipped to provide emergency care to persons requiring immediate medical treatment; a trivalent metallic element of the rare earth group; occurs with yttrium
  • Ergonovine -  an alkaloid derived from ergot (trade name Ergotrate Maleate) that is less toxic than ergot; induces muscular contraction of the uterus and is administered after childbirth or abortion
  • Ergosterol -  a plant sterol that is converted into vitamin D by ultraviolet radiation
  • Ergot -  a fungus that infects various cereal plants forming compact black masses of branching filaments that replace many grains of the plant; source of medicinally important alkaloids and of lysergic acid; a plant disease caused by the ergot fungus
  • Ergotamine -  an alkaloid derived from ergot that is less toxic than ergot; causes constriction of blood vessels and is used to treat migraine
  • Eritrean -  of or relating to or characteristic of Eritrea or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Eritrea
  • Error -  (baseball) a failure of a defensive player to make an out when normal play would have sufficed; departure from what is ethically acceptable; a misconception resulting from incorrect information; part of a statement that is not correct; (computer science) the occurrence of an incorrect result produced by a computer; a wrong action attributable to bad judgment or ignorance or inattention; inadvertent incorrectness
  • Erythromycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Erythrocin or E-Mycin or Ethril or Ilosone or Pediamycin) obtained from the actinomycete Streptomyces erythreus; effective against many Gram-positive bacteria and some Gram-negative
  • Escherichia coli -  a species of bacterium normally present in intestinal tract of humans and other animals; sometimes pathogenic; can be a threat to food safety
  • Espresso -  strong black coffee brewed by forcing hot water under pressure through finely ground coffee beans
  • Estonia -  a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea
  • Estonian -  of or pertaining to Estonia or the people or culture of Estonia;  the official language of Estonia; belongs to the Baltic-Finnic family of languages
  • estradiol -  the most powerful female hormone that occurs naturally; synthesized and used to treat estrogen deficiency and breast cancer
  • Estrone -  a naturally occurring weak estrogenic hormone secreted by the mammalian ovary; synthesized (trade name Estronol) and used to treat estrogen deficiency
  • ethanol -  the intoxicating agent in fermented and distilled liquors; used pure or denatured as a solvent or in medicines and colognes and cleaning solutions and rocket fuel; proposed as a renewable clean-burning additive to gasoline
  • Ethiopian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Ethiopia or its people or languages;  a native or inhabitant of Ethiopia
  • Ethosuximide -  an anticonvulsant drug (trade names Emeside and Zarontin) used to treat petit mal epilepsy
  • Ethylene glycol -  a sweet but poisonous syrupy liquid used as an antifreeze and solvent
  • Eugenics -  the study of methods of improving genetic qualities by selective breeding (especially as applied to human mating)
  • euphoria -  a feeling of great (usually exaggerated) elation
  • Eurasian -  relating to, or coming from, Europe and Asia;  a person of mixed European and Asian descent
  • Europe -  the nations of the European continent collectively; the 2nd smallest continent (actually a vast peninsula of Eurasia); the British use `Europe' to refer to all of the continent except the British Isles; an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members
  • European -  of or relating to or characteristic of Europe or the people of Europe;  a native or inhabitant of Europe
  • Extended -  beyond the literal or primary sense; fully extended or stretched forth; large in spatial extent or range or scope or quantity; drawn out or made longer spatially; relatively long in duration; tediously protracted
  • extrinsic -  not forming an essential part of a thing or arising or originating from the outside
  • FA -  the syllable naming the fourth (subdominant) note of the diatonic scale in solmization
  • FAB -  extremely pleasing
  • family -  primary social group; parents and children; people descended from a common ancestor; a social unit living together; (biology) a taxonomic group containing one or more genera; an association of people who share common beliefs or activities; a collection of things sharing a common attribute; a loose affiliation of gangsters in charge of organized criminal activities; a person having kinship with another or others
  • Faroese -  a Scandinavian language (closely related to Icelandic) that is spoken on the Faroe Islands
  • Fast food -  inexpensive food (hamburgers or chicken or milkshakes) prepared and served quickly
  • fatty acid -  any of a class of aliphatic monocarboxylic acids that form part of a lipid molecule and can be derived from fat by hydrolysis; fatty acids are simple molecules built around a series of carbon atoms linked together in a chain of 12 to 22 carbon atoms
  • FDA -  a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services established to regulate the release of new foods and health-related products
  • Fenoprofen -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Nalfon) used in the treatment of arthritis and other painful inflammatory disorders
  • Fentanyl -  trade names of a narcotic analgesic that can be inhaled and that acts on the central nervous system and may become addictive; used as a veterinary anesthetic and with other drugs before, during, and after surgery; also used as a nonlethal gas to incapacitate people in hostage situations; also abused as a recreational drug
  • Ferdinand -  the king of Castile and Aragon who ruled jointly with his wife Isabella; his marriage to Isabella I in 1469 marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain and their capture of Granada from the Moors in 1492 united Spain as one country; they instituted the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 and supported the expedition of Christopher Columbus in 1492 (1452-1516)
  • Feria -  (in Spanish speaking regions) a local festival or fair, usually in honor of some patron saint; a weekday on which no festival or holiday is celebrated
  • festival -  an organized series of acts and performances (usually in one place); a day or period of time set aside for feasting and celebration
  • Fibrinogen -  a protein present in blood plasma; converts to fibrin when blood clots
  • Fibrinolysin -  an enzyme that dissolves the fibrin of blood clots
  • Field hockey -  a game resembling ice hockey that is played on an open field; two opposing teams use curved sticks try to drive a ball into the opponents' net
  • Fields -  United States comedian and film actor (1880-1946)
  • Fiji -  an independent state within the British Commonwealth located on the Fiji Islands
  • Fijian -  of or relating to Fiji or its people or language or culture;  the Oceanic language spoken on Fiji; a native or inhabitant of Fiji
  • Filaggrin -  the main protein of the keratohyalin granules
  • Filipino -  of or relating to or characteristic of the Philippines or its people or customs;  a native or inhabitant of the Philippines; official language of the Philippines; based on Tagalog; draws its lexicon from other Philippine languages
  • film -  a thin coating or layer; photographic material consisting of a base of celluloid covered with a photographic emulsion; used to make negatives or transparencies; a thin sheet of (usually plastic and usually transparent) material used to wrap or cover things; a medium that disseminates moving pictures; a form of entertainment that enacts a story by a sequence of images giving the illusion of continuous movement; verb make a film or photograph of something; record in film
  • Finland -  republic in northern Europe; achieved independence from Russia in 1917
  • Finnish -  of or relating to or characteristic of Finland or the people of Finland;  the official language of Finland; belongs to the Baltic Finnic family of languages
  • First aid -  emergency care given before regular medical aid can be obtained
  • flu -  an acute febrile highly contagious viral disease
  • Fluctuation -  the quality of being unsteady and subject to changes; a wave motion; an instance of change; the rate or magnitude of change
  • Fluoxetine -  a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Prozac)
  • Fluphenazine -  tranquilizer used to treat psychotic disorders
  • Flurbiprofen -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Ansaid) that is administered only orally
  • Formaldehyde -  a colorless poisonous gas; made by the oxidation of methanol
  • Formula -  a group of symbols that make a mathematical statement; a conventionalized statement expressing some fundamental principle; a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements; a liquid food for infants; something regarded as a normative example; (mathematics) a standard procedure for solving a class of mathematical problems; directions for making something
  • France -  a republic in western Europe; the largest country wholly in Europe; French writer of sophisticated novels and short stories (1844-1924)
  • FRAP - verb take up the slack of; make secure by lashing
  • French -  of or pertaining to France or the people of France;  the Romance language spoken in France and in countries colonized by France; the people of France; United States sculptor who created the seated marble figure of Abraham Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial in Washington D.C. (1850-1931); verb snap (bean) lengthwise in preparation for cooking
  • Fumaric acid -  a colorless crystalline acid with a fruity taste; used in making polyester resins
  • Fungi -  (pun) the one who buys the drinks; the taxonomic kingdom of lower plants
  • Furan -  a colorless toxic flammable liquid used in the synthesis of nylon
  • Furosemide -  commonly used diuretic (trade name Lasix) used to treat hypertension and edema
  • Fusion -  the act of fusing (or melting) together; correction of an unstable part of the spine by joining two or more vertebrae; usually done surgically but sometimes done by traction or immobilization; the combining of images from the two eyes to form a single visual percept; an occurrence that involves the production of a union; a nuclear reaction in which nuclei combine to form more massive nuclei with the simultaneous release of energy; the merging of adjacent sounds or syllables or words; the state of being combined into one body
  • Gabonese -  of or relating to Gabon or its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Gabon
  • Gal -  alliterative term for girl (or woman); a unit of gravitational acceleration equal to one centimeter per second per second (named after Galileo); United States liquid unit equal to 4 quarts or 3.785 liters
  • Galician -  a language spoken in Galicia in northwestern Spain; it is between Portuguese and Spanish but closer to Portuguese; sometimes considered a Portuguese or Spanish dialect
  • Gambian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Gambia or its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Gambia
  • GAT -  a gangster's pistol
  • General -  prevailing among and common to the general public; not specialized or limited to one class of things; applying to all or most members of a category or group; of national scope; affecting the entire body; somewhat indefinite; of worldwide scope or applicability;  a fact about the whole (as opposed to particular); a general officer of the highest rank; the head of a religious order or congregation; verb command as a general
  • Gentamicin -  an antibiotic (trade name Garamycin) that is derived from an actinomycete; used in treating infections of the urinary tract
  • Georgia -  a republic in Asia Minor on the Black Sea separated from Russia by the Caucasus mountains; formerly an Asian soviet but became independent in 1991; a state in southeastern United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; one of the British colonies that formed the United States
  • Georgian -  of or relating to the Hanoverian kings of England; of or relating to or characteristic of the American state of Georgia or its inhabitants; of or relating to or characteristic of the Asian republic of Georgia or its people or language; of or relating to the former British colony of Georgia;  a southern Caucasian language with 3 million speakers and a long literary tradition; a native or inhabitant of Georgia in Asia; a native or resident of the American state of Georgia
  • German -  of or pertaining to or characteristic of Germany or its people or language; of a more or less German nature; somewhat German;  the standard German language; developed historically from West Germanic; a person of German nationality
  • Germany -  a republic in central Europe; split into East German and West Germany after World War II and reunited in 1990
  • Ghana -  a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea
  • Ghanaian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Ghana or its people or language
  • GHB -  a club drug available in liquid or powder form is taken orally (frequently combined with alcohol); used to incapacitate individuals for the commission of sexual assault and rape
  • Global -  involving the entire earth; not limited or provincial in scope; having the shape of a sphere or ball
  • Glucagon -  a hormone secreted by the pancreas; stimulates increases in blood sugar levels in the blood (thus opposing the action of insulin)
  • Glycerol -  a sweet syrupy trihydroxy alcohol obtained by saponification of fats and oils
  • Google -  a widely used search engine that uses text-matching techniques to find web pages that are important and relevant to a user's search; verb search the internet (for information) using the Google search engine
  • gp -  a physician who is not a specialist but treats all illnesses
  • Gramicidin -  an antibiotic produced by a soil bacterium; used chiefly as an antiseptic in treating local infections produced by Gram-positive bacteria
  • Greece -  a republic in southeastern Europe on the southern part of the Balkan peninsula; known for grapes and olives and olive oil
  • Greek -  of or relating to or characteristic of Greece or the Greeks;  the Hellenic branch of the Indo-European family of languages; a native or inhabitant of Greece
  • Greenstick fracture -  a partial fracture of a bone (usually in children); the bone is bent but broken on only one side
  • griseofulvin -  a kind of penicillin (a fungicidal antibiotic with the trade name Fulvicin) produced by molds of the genus Penicillium
  • Gross anatomy -  the study of the structure of the body and its parts without the use of a microscope
  • group -  any number of entities (members) considered as a unit; a set that is closed, associative, has an identity element and every element has an inverse; (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule; verb arrange into a group or groups; form a group or group together
  • Guatemala -  a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; noted for low per capita income and illiteracy; politically unstable
  • Guatemalan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Guatemala or its residents;  a native or inhabitant of Guatemala
  • Guinean -  of or relating to or characteristic of Guinea or its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Guinea
  • Gujarati -  the Indic language spoken by the people of India who live in Gujarat in western India; a member of the people of Gujarat
  • Guthrie -  United States folk singer and songwriter (1912-1967)
  • Gutta-percha -  a whitish rubber derived from the coagulated milky latex of gutta-percha trees; used for insulation of electrical cables
  • Guyana -  a republic in northeastern South America; achieved independence from England in 1966
  • Haitian -  of or relating to or characteristic of the republic of Haiti or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Haiti
  • haloperidol -  tranquilizer (trade name Haldol) used to treat some psychotic disorders and Tourette's syndrome
  • Handball -  a game played in a walled court or against a single wall by two or four players who strike a rubber ball with their hands; a small rubber ball used in playing the game of handball
  • Hawaiian -  of or relating to or characteristic of the state or island of Hawaii or to the people or culture or language;  the Oceanic languages spoken on Hawaii; a native or resident of Hawaii
  • hCG -  hormone produced early in pregnancy by the placenta; detection in the urine and serum is the basis for one kind of pregnancy test
  • Head -  a single domestic animal; a projection out from one end; (nautical) a toilet on board a boat or ship; the striking part of a tool; (usually plural) the obverse side of a coin that usually bears the representation of a person's head; that part of a skeletal muscle that is away from the bone that it moves; the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains; the rounded end of a bone that bits into a rounded cavity in another bone to form a joint; (grammar) the word in a grammatical constituent that plays the same grammatical role as the whole constituent; the front of a military formation or procession; the top of something; the foam or froth that accumulates at the top when you pour an effervescent liquid into a container; a rounded compact mass; a user of (usually soft) drugs; a person who is in charge; an individual person; the pressure exerted by a fluid; the length or height based on the size of a human or animal head; the tip of an abscess (where the pus accumulates); oral stimulation of the genitals; a membrane that is stretched taut over a drum; (computer science) a tiny electromagnetic coil and metal pole used to write and read magnetic patterns on a disk; that which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; a line of text serving to indicate what the passage below it is about; the subject matter at issue; a V-shaped mark at one end of an arrow pointer; forward movement; a difficult juncture; the source of water from which a stream arises; the part in the front or nearest the viewer; a natural elevation (especially a rocky one that juts out into the sea); the educator who has executive authority for a school; a dense clusters of flowers or foliage; verb remove the head of; to go or travel towards; be in charge of; form a head or come or grow to a head; be in the front of or on top of; be the first or leading member of (a group) and excel; take its rise; direct the course; determine the direction of travelling; travel in front of; go in advance of others
  • Helsinki -  the capital and largest city of Finland; located in southern Finland; a major port and commercial and cultural center
  • Hematopoietic -  pertaining to the formation of blood or blood cells
  • heparin -  a polysaccharide produced in basophils (especially in the lung and liver) and that inhibits the activity of thrombin in coagulation of the blood; it (trade names Lipo-Hepin and Liquaemin) is used as an anticoagulant in the treatment of thrombosis and in heart surgery
  • Hepatitis B -  an acute (sometimes fatal) form of viral hepatitis caused by a DNA virus that tends to persist in the blood serum and is transmitted by sexual contact or by transfusion or by ingestion of contaminated blood or other bodily fluids
  • Hepatitis C -  a viral hepatitis clinically indistinguishable from hepatitis B but caused by a single-stranded RNA virus; usually transmitted by parenteral means (as injection of an illicit drug or blood transfusion or exposure to blood or blood products)
  • heroin -  a narcotic that is considered a hard drug; a highly addictive morphine derivative; intravenous injection provides the fastest and most intense rush
  • Herpes -  any of the animal viruses that cause painful blisters on the skin; viral diseases causing eruptions of the skin or mucous membrane
  • hide -  body covering of a living animal; the dressed skin of an animal (especially a large animal); verb prevent from being seen or discovered; be or go into hiding; keep out of sight, as for protection and safety; make undecipherable or imperceptible by obscuring or concealing; cover as if with a shroud
  • Hindu -  of or relating to or supporting Hinduism;  a person who adheres to Hinduism; a native or inhabitant of Hindustan or India
  • Hinduism -  a body of religious and philosophical beliefs and cultural practices native to India and characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being of many forms and natures, by the view that opposing theories are aspects of one eternal truth, and by a desire for liberation from earthly evils; the predominant religion of India; characterized by a caste system and belief in reincarnation
  • histology -  the branch of biology that studies the microscopic structure of animal or plant tissues
  • Historical -  having once lived or existed or taken place in the real world as distinct from being legendary; of or relating to the study of history; belonging to the past; of what is important or famous in the past; used of the study of a phenomenon (especially language) as it changes through time
  • History -  the discipline that records and interprets past events involving human beings; all that is remembered of the past as preserved in writing; a body of knowledge; a record or narrative description of past events; the aggregate of past events; the continuum of events occurring in succession leading from the past to the present and even into the future
  • HIV -  infection by the human immunodeficiency virus; the virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS); it replicates in and kills the helper T cells
  • Holstein -  a breed of dairy cattle from northern Holland
  • Honduran -  of or relating to or characteristic of Honduras or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Honduras
  • Hong Kong -  formerly a Crown Colony on the coast of southern China in Guangdong province; leased by China to Britain in 1842 and returned in 1997; one of the world's leading commercial centers
  • Hungarian -  relating to or characteristic of Hungary;  the official language of Hungary (also spoken in Rumania); belongs to the Ugric family of languages; a native or inhabitant of Hungary
  • Hungary -  a republic in central Europe
  • Hurling -  rushing and whirling;  a traditional Irish game resembling hockey; played by two teams of 15 players each
  • Hutchinson -  American colonist (born in England) who was banished from Boston for her religious views (1591-1643)
  • Hydrochloric acid -  an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride; a strongly corrosive acid
  • Hydrochlorothiazide -  a diuretic drug (trade name Esidrix and HydroDIURIL) used in the treatment of hypertension
  • Hydrocortisone -  an adrenal-cortex hormone (trade names Hydrocortone or Cortef) that is active in carbohydrate and protein metabolism
  • Hydrofluoric acid -  a weak poisonous liquid acid; formed by solution of hydrogen fluoride in water
  • Hydromorphone -  a narcotic analgesic (trade name Dilaudid) used to treat moderate to severe pain
  • Hydroxyzine -  a drug (trade names Atarax and Vistaril) used as a tranquilizer to treat anxiety and motion sickness
  • Hyoscyamine -  a poisonous crystalline alkaloid (isometric with atropine but more potent); used to treat excess motility of the gastrointestinal tract
  • Hypericum perforatum -  yellow-flowered perennial common in fields and waste places but a weed in rangelands
  • Hysterotomy -  surgical incision into the uterus (as in cesarean section)
  • I -  the 9th letter of the Roman alphabet; a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks)
  • ibuprofen -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an analgesic and antipyretic
  • Ice hockey -  a game played on an ice rink by two opposing teams of six skaters each who try to knock a flat round puck into the opponents' goal with angled sticks
  • Iced coffee -  strong sweetened coffee served over ice with cream
  • Iceland -  a volcanic island in the North Atlantic near the Arctic Circle; an island republic on the island of Iceland; became independent of Denmark in 1944
  • Icelandic -  of or relating to Iceland or its people or culture and language;  a Scandinavian language that is the official language of Iceland
  • id -  (psychoanalysis) primitive instincts and energies underlying all psychic activity; a card or badge used to identify the bearer; a state in the Rocky Mountains
  • IgA -  one of the most common of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; the chief antibody in the membranes of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tracts
  • IgD -  one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present in blood serum in small amounts
  • IgE -  one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; present primarily in the skin and mucous membranes
  • IgG -  one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; the main antibody defense against bacteria
  • IgM -  one of the five major classes of immunoglobulins; involved in fighting blood infections and in triggering production of immunoglobulin G
  • IL -  a Midwest state in north-central United States
  • imidazole -  an organic base C3H4N2; a histamine inhibitor
  • Imipramine -  a tricyclic antidepressant (trade names Imavate and Tofranil) used to treat clinical depression
  • in -  currently fashionable; directed or bound inward; holding office; adv. to or toward the inside of;  a state in midwestern United States; a unit of length equal to one twelfth of a foot; a rare soft silvery metallic element; occurs in small quantities in sphalerite
  • Inca -  a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s; a ruler of the Incas (or a member of his family)
  • Indapamide -  diuretic (trade name Lozal) used in the treatment of hypertension
  • India -  a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia; second most populous country in the world; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947
  • Indian -  of or pertaining to American Indians or their culture or languages; of or relating to or characteristic of India or the East Indies or their peoples or languages or cultures;  a member of the race of people living in America when Europeans arrived; a native or inhabitant of India; any of the languages spoken by Amerindians
  • Individual -  being or characteristic of a single thing or person; separate and distinct from others of the same kind; concerning one person exclusively; characteristic of or meant for a single person or thing;  a single organism; a human being
  • Indonesian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Indonesia or its people or languages;  the dialect of Malay used as the national language of the Republic of Indonesia or of Malaysia; a native or inhabitant of Indonesia
  • inducer -  an agent capable of activating specific genes; someone who tries to persuade or induce or lead on
  • Informed consent -  consent by a patient to undergo a medical or surgical treatment or to participate in an experiment after the patient understands the risks involved
  • Inhibit - verb limit the range or extent of; to put down by force or authority
  • Inhibited -  held back or restrained or prevented
  • inhibition -  (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires; the quality of being inhibited; (physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part; the action of prohibiting or inhibiting or forbidding (or an instance thereof)
  • inhibitor -  a substance that retards or stops an activity
  • initiation -  the act of starting something for the first time; introducing something new; a formal entry into an organization or position or office; an act that sets in motion some course of events; wisdom as evidenced by the possession of knowledge
  • Inka -  a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s
  • Instillation -  the introduction of a liquid (by pouring or injection) drop by drop; a liquid that is instilled drop by drop
  • integral -  constituting the undiminished entirety; lacking nothing essential especially not damaged; existing as an essential constituent or characteristic;  the result of a mathematical integration; F(x) is the integral of f(x) if dF/dx = f(x)
  • Interferon -  an antiviral protein produced by cells that have been invaded by a virus; inhibits replication of the virus
  • Interleukin -  any of several lymphokines that promote macrophages and killer T cells and B cells and other components of the immune system
  • Intermediate -  lying between two extremes in time or space or degree; around the middle of a scale of evaluation of physical measures;  a substance formed during a chemical process before the desired product is obtained; verb act between parties with a view to reconciling differences
  • intestinal -  of or relating to or inside the intestines
  • intrinsic -  situated within or belonging solely to the organ or body part on which it acts; belonging to a thing by its very nature
  • Inuit -  a member of a people inhabiting the Arctic (northern Canada or Greenland or Alaska or eastern Siberia); the Algonquians called them Eskimo (`eaters of raw flesh') but they call themselves the Inuit (`the people')
  • inverse -  reversed (turned backward) in order or nature or effect; opposite in nature or effect or relation to another quantity;  something inverted in sequence or character or effect
  • iodine -  a nonmetallic element belonging to the halogens; used especially in medicine and photography and in dyes; occurs naturally only in combination in small quantities (as in sea water or rocks); a tincture consisting of a solution of iodine in ethyl alcohol; applied topically to wounds as an antiseptic
  • Ionizing radiation -  high-energy radiation capable of producing ionization in substances through which it passes
  • Iran -  a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil
  • Iranian -  of or relating to Iran or its people or language or culture;  the modern Persian language spoken in Iran; a native or inhabitant of Iran
  • Iraqi -  of or relating to Iraq or its people or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Iraq
  • Ireland -  an island comprising the republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland; a republic consisting of 26 of 32 counties comprising the island of Ireland; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1921
  • Irish -  of or relating to or characteristic of Ireland or its people;  the Celtic language of Ireland; whiskey made in Ireland chiefly from barley; people of Ireland or of Irish extraction
  • Irish coffee -  sweetened coffee with Irish whiskey and whipped cream
  • Islam -  the monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran; the civilization of Muslims collectively which is governed by the Muslim religion
  • Islamic -  of or relating to or supporting Islamism
  • Isocarboxazid -  a monoamine oxidase inhibitor (trade name Marplan) that is used to treat clinical depression
  • Isoniazid -  antibacterial drug (trade name Nydrazid) used to treat tuberculosis
  • Isopropanol -  alcohol used as antifreeze or a solvent
  • Israel -  an ancient kingdom of the Hebrew tribes at the southeastern end of the Mediterranean Sea; founded by Saul around 1025 BC and destroyed by the Assyrians in 721 BC; Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine
  • Israeli -  of or relating to or characteristic of Israel or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Israel
  • IT -  the branch of engineering that deals with the use of computers and telecommunications to retrieve and store and transmit information
  • Italian -  of or pertaining to or characteristic of Italy or its people or culture or language;  the Romance language spoken in Italy; a native or inhabitant of Italy
  • Italy -  a republic in southern Europe on the Italian Peninsula; was the core of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire between the 4th century BC and the 5th century AD
  • itraconazole -  an oral antifungal drug (trade name Sporanox) taken for cases of fungal nail disease
  • iv -  administration of nutrients through a vein
  • Jain -  relating to or characteristic of Jainism
  • Jamaican -  of or relating to Jamaica (the island or the country) or to its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Jamaica
  • Japan -  lacquer with a durable glossy black finish, originally from the orient; lacquerware decorated and varnished in the Japanese manner with a glossy durable black lacquer; a string of more than 3,000 islands east of Asia extending 1,300 miles between the Sea of Japan and the western Pacific Ocean; a constitutional monarchy occupying the Japanese Archipelago; a world leader in electronics and automobile manufacture and ship building; verb coat with a lacquer, as done in Japan
  • Japanese -  of or relating to or characteristic of Japan or its people or their culture or language;  the language (usually considered to be Altaic) spoken by the Japanese; a native or inhabitant of Japan
  • Javanese -  of or relating to or characteristic of Java or its inhabitants;  the Indonesian language spoken on Java; a native or inhabitant of Java
  • Jewish -  of or relating to Jews or their culture or religion
  • join -  a set containing all and only the members of two or more given sets; the shape or manner in which things come together and a connection is made; verb make contact or come together; cause to become joined or linked; become part of; become a member of a group or organization; come into the company of; be or become joined or united or linked
  • Jones -  English phonetician (1881-1967); one of the first great English architects and a theater designer (1573-1652); American naval commander in the American Revolution (1747-1792); United States golfer (1902-1971); United States railroad engineer who died trying to stop his train from crashing into another train; a friend wrote a famous ballad describing the incident (1864-1900); United States labor leader (born in Ireland) who helped to found the Industrial Workers of the World (1830-1930)
  • Jordanian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Jordan or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Jordan
  • Judaism -  the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud; Jews collectively who practice a religion based on the Torah and the Talmud
  • Kanamycin -  antibiotic (trade name Kantrex) used to treat severe infections
  • Kaolin -  a fine usually white clay formed by the weathering of aluminous minerals (as feldspar); used in ceramics and as an absorbent and as a filler (e.g., in paper)
  • Karnataka -  state in southern India; formerly Mysore
  • Kashmiri -  of or relating to or characteristic of Kashmir or its people or culture;  the official state language of Kashmir; a member of the people of Kashmir
  • Kava -  an alcoholic drink made from the aromatic roots of the kava shrub
  • Kazakh -  the Turkic language spoken by the Kazak; a landlocked republic south of Russia and northeast of the Caspian Sea; the original Turkic-speaking inhabitants were overrun by Mongols in the 13th century; an Asian soviet from 1936 to 1991; a Muslim who is a member of a Turkic people of western Asia (especially in Kazakstan)
  • Kazakhstan -  a landlocked republic south of Russia and northeast of the Caspian Sea; the original Turkic-speaking inhabitants were overrun by Mongols in the 13th century; an Asian soviet from 1936 to 1991
  • KC -  one thousand periods per second
  • Kenya -  a republic in eastern Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1963; major archeological discoveries have been made in the Great Rift Valley in Kenya
  • Kenyan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Kenya or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Kenya
  • Ketamine -  a general anesthetic and tranquilizer (not a barbiturate) that is administered intravenously or intramuscularly; used mainly by veterinarians or for minor surgery with geriatric or pediatric patients; taken in large doses it causes hallucinations similar to those associated with the use of PCP
  • Ketoprofen -  nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Orudis or Orudis KT or Oruvail)
  • Ketorolac -  nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (trade name Torodal) that is given only orally
  • King -  (chess) the weakest but the most important piece; one of the four playing cards in a deck bearing the picture of a king; a checker that has been moved to the opponent's first row where it is promoted to a piece that is free to move either forward or backward; a male sovereign; ruler of a kingdom; a competitor who holds a preeminent position; United States charismatic civil rights leader and Baptist minister who campaigned against the segregation of Blacks (1929-1968); United States guitar player and singer of the blues (born in 1925); United States woman tennis player (born in 1943); preeminence in a particular category or group or field; a very wealthy or powerful businessman
  • Kiribati -  an island republic in the west central Pacific just south of the equator
  • KM -  a metric unit of length equal to 1000 meters (or 0.621371 miles)
  • Komi -  the Finnic language spoken by the Komi; a member of a Finnish people living in the northwestern Urals in Russia
  • Korean -  of or relating to or characteristic of Korea or its people or language;  the Altaic language spoken by Koreans; a native or inhabitant of Korea who speaks the Korean language
  • Kurdish -  of or relating to Kurdistan or the Kurds or their language and culture;  an Iranian language spoken in Turkey and Iran and Iraq and Syria and Russia
  • Kuwaiti -  of or relating to the capital of Kuwait or its residents; of or relating to the kingdom of Kuwait or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Kuwait
  • LA -  the syllable naming the sixth (submediant) note of a major or minor scale in solmization; a state in southern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; a white soft metallic element that tarnishes readily; occurs in rare earth minerals and is usually classified as a rare earth
  • Lao -  of or relating to a member of the Buddhist people inhabiting the Mekong river in Laos and Thailand;  the Tai language of a Buddhist people living in the area of the Mekong River in Thailand and Laos; a member of a Buddhist people inhabiting the area of the Mekong River in Laos and Thailand and speaking the Lao language; related to the Thais
  • Latin-American -  of or relating to the countries of Latin America or their people
  • Latte -  strong espresso coffee with a topping of frothed steamed milk
  • Latvia -  a republic in northeastern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea
  • Latvian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Latvia or its people or language;  the official language of Latvia; belongs to the Baltic branch of Indo-European; a native or inhabitant of Latvia
  • Laudanum -  narcotic consisting of an alcohol solution of opium or any preparation in which opium is the main ingredient
  • Lavender -  of a pale purple color;  any of various Old World aromatic shrubs or subshrubs with usually mauve or blue flowers; widely cultivated
  • Law -  the learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; a rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society; a generalization that describes recurring facts or events in nature; legal document setting forth rules governing a particular kind of activity; the collection of rules imposed by authority; the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do; the force of policemen and officers
  • layer -  thin structure composed of a single thickness of cells; a hen that lays eggs; single thickness of usually some homogeneous substance; a relatively thin sheetlike expanse or region lying over or under another; an abstract place usually conceived as having depth; verb make or form a layer
  • lead -  the playing of a card to start a trick in bridge; a position of leadership (especially in the phrase `take the lead'); mixture of graphite with clay in different degrees of hardness; the marking substance in a pencil; thin strip of metal used to separate lines of type in printing; an advantage held by a competitor in a race; evidence pointing to a possible solution; the introductory section of a story; a news story of major importance; (baseball) the position taken by a base runner preparing to advance to the next base; (sports) the score by which a team or individual is winning; the angle between the direction a gun is aimed and the position of a moving target (correcting for the flight time of the missile); a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey; a jumper that consists of a short piece of wire; restraint consisting of a rope (or light chain) used to restrain an animal; the timing of ignition relative to the position of the piston in an internal-combustion engine; an indication of potential opportunity; an actor who plays a principal role; verb cause to undertake a certain action; travel in front of; go in advance of others; take somebody somewhere; tend to or result in; be ahead of others; be the first; pass or spend; preside over; lead, as in the performance of a composition; move ahead (of others) in time or space; be in charge of; be conducive to; have as a result or residue; stretch out over a distance, space, time, or scope; run or extend between two points or beyond a certain point; lead, extend, or afford access; cause something to pass or lead somewhere
  • Lebanese -  of or relating to or characteristic of Lebanon or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Lebanon
  • Leg -  (nautical) the distance traveled by a sailing vessel on a single tack; a cloth covering consisting of the part of a pair of trousers that covers a person's leg; one of the supports for a piece of furniture; a human limb; commonly used to refer to a whole limb but technically only the part of the limb between the knee and ankle; a structure in animals that is similar to a human leg and used for locomotion; the limb of an animal used for food; a section or portion of a journey or course; a prosthesis that replaces a missing leg; a part of a forked or branching shape
  • lemon grass -  an aromatic oil that smells like lemon and is widely used in Asian cooking and in perfumes and medicines
  • Leprosy -  chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae
  • Lesotho -  a landlocked constitutional monarchy in southern Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1966
  • Levantine -  of or relating to the Levant or its inhabitants;  (formerly) a native or inhabitant of the Levant
  • levodopa -  the levorotatory form of dopa (trade names Bendopa and Brocadopa and Larodopa); as a drug it is used to treat Parkinson's disease
  • LH -  a gonadotropic hormone that is secreted by the anterior pituitary; stimulates ovulation in female mammals and stimulates androgen release in male mammals
  • Liberian -  of or relating to Liberia or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Liberia
  • Libyan -  of or relating to Libya or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Libya
  • lidocaine -  a local anesthetic (trade names Lidocaine and Xylocaine) used topically on the skin and mucous membranes
  • Liechtenstein -  a small landlocked principality (constitutional monarchy) in central Europe located in the Alps between Austria and Switzerland
  • Liechtensteiner -  of or relating to Liechtenstein or its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Liechtenstein
  • life -  living things collectively; the experience of being alive; the course of human events and activities; a motive for living; a living person; the organic phenomenon that distinguishes living organisms from nonliving ones; the course of existence of an individual; the actions and events that occur in living; a characteristic state or mode of living; the period during which something is functional (as between birth and death); the period between birth and the present time; the period from the present until death; animation and energy in action or expression; an account of the series of events making up a person's life; the condition of living or the state of being alive; a prison term lasting as long as the prisoner lives
  • Lifestyle -  a manner of living that reflects the person's values and attitudes
  • ligand -  an atom or molecule or radical or ion that forms a complex around a central atom
  • like -  resembling or similar; having the same or some of the same characteristics; often used in combination; equal in amount or value; having the same or similar characteristics; conforming in every respect;  a kind of person; a similar kind; verb feel about or towards; consider, evaluate, or regard; be fond of; find enjoyable or agreeable; want to have; prefer or wish to do something
  • limit -  the greatest possible degree of something; the boundary of a specific area; as far as something can go; the greatest amount of something that is possible or allowed; the mathematical value toward which a function goes as the independent variable approaches infinity; final or latest limiting point; verb restrict or confine, "I limit you to two visits to the pub a day"; place limits on (extent or access); decide upon or fix definitely
  • Lincomycin -  antibiotic (trade name Lincocin) obtained from a streptomyces bacterium and used in the treatment of certain penicillin-resistant infections
  • links -  a golf course that is built on sand ground near a shore
  • LIST -  a database containing an ordered array of items (names or topics); the property possessed by a line or surface that departs from the vertical; verb give or make a list of; name individually; give the names of; tilt to one side; cause to lean to the side; include in a list; enumerate
  • Lithium -  a soft silver-white univalent element of the alkali metal group; the lightest metal known; occurs in several minerals
  • lithium carbonate -  a white powder (LiCO3) used in manufacturing glass and ceramics and as a drug; the drug (trade names Lithane or Lithonate or Eskalith) is used to treat some forms of depression and manic episodes of manic-depressive disorder
  • Lithuania -  a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea
  • Lithuanian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Lithuania or its people or language;  the official language of Lithuania; belongs to the Baltic branch of Indo-European; a native or inhabitant of Lithuania
  • Livonian -  the Finnic language spoken by the people of Livonia in Estonia and Latvia; a member of the Livonian-speaking people of Latvia
  • Local -  relating to or applicable to or concerned with the administration of a city or town or district rather than a larger area; affecting only a restricted part or area of the body; of or belonging to or characteristic of a particular locality or neighborhood;  public transport consisting of a bus or train that stops at all stations or stops; anesthetic that numbs a particular area of the body
  • Lombard -  a member of a Germanic people who invaded northern Italy in the 6th century
  • London -  the capital and largest city of England; located on the Thames in southeastern England; financial and industrial and cultural center; United States writer of novels based on experiences in the Klondike gold rush (1876-1916)
  • Long -  having or being more than normal or necessary:"long on brains"; primarily spatial sense; of relatively great or greater than average spatial extension or extension as specified; primarily temporal sense; being or indicating a relatively great or greater than average duration or passage of time or a duration as specified; (of speech sounds or syllables) of relatively long duration; holding securities or commodities in expectation of a rise in prices; involving substantial risk; of relatively great height; planning prudently for the future; good at remembering; adv. for an extended time or at a distant time; for an extended distance; verb desire strongly or persistently
  • Loop -  a flight maneuver; aircraft flies a complete circle in the vertical plane; an intrauterine device in the shape of a loop; a computer program that performs a series of instructions repeatedly until some specified condition is satisfied; the basic pattern of the human fingerprint; an inner circle of advisors (especially under President Reagan); anything with a round or oval shape (formed by a curve that is closed and does not intersect itself); a complete electrical circuit around which current flows or a signal circulates; fastener consisting of a metal ring for lining a small hole to permit the attachment of cords or lines; the topology of a network whose components are serially connected in such a way that the last component is connected to the first component; (computer science) a single execution of a set of instructions that are to be repeated; verb fasten or join with a loop; make a loop in; fly loops, perform a loop; move in loops; wind around something in coils or loops
  • Lorazepam -  tranquilizer (trade name Ativan) used to treat anxiety and tension and insomnia
  • Los Angeles -  a city in southern California; motion picture capital of the world; most populous city of California and second largest in the United States
  • lower -  the lower of two berths; verb set lower; cause to drop or sink; move something or somebody to a lower position; look angry or sullen, wrinkle one's forehead, as if to signal disapproval; make lower or quieter
  • Loxapine -  a tranquilizer (trade name Loxitane) used to treat schizophrenia
  • LSD -  a powerful hallucinogenic drug manufactured from lysergic acid
  • Luxembourg -  a grand duchy (a constitutional monarchy) landlocked in northwestern Europe between France and Belgium and Germany; an international financial center; the capital and largest city of Luxembourg
  • Lymphokine -  a cytokine secreted by helper T cells in response to stimulation by antigens and that acts on other cells of the immune system (as by activating macrophages)
  • Lysergic acid -  a crystalline acid often used in medical research; obtained from ergotic alkaloids
  • lysozyme -  an enzyme found in saliva and sweat and tears that destroys the cell walls of certain bacteria
  • MA -  informal terms for a mother; a master's degree in arts and sciences; a state in New England; one of the original 13 colonies; one thousandth of an ampere
  • Macedonian -  of or relating to Macedonia or its inhabitants;  the Slavic language of modern Macedonia; a native or inhabitant of Macedon
  • mACh -  Austrian physicist and philosopher who introduced the Mach number and who founded logical positivism (1838-1916)
  • Magnesium -  a light silver-white ductile bivalent metallic element; in pure form it burns with brilliant white flame; occurs naturally only in combination (as in magnesite and dolomite and carnallite and spinel and olivine)
  • Magnesium carbonate -  a very white crystalline salt that occurs naturally as magnesite or as dolomite
  • Magnesium oxide -  a white solid mineral that occurs naturally as periclase; a source of magnesium
  • Malawian -  relating to or characteristic of Malawi or its people or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Malawi
  • Malay -  of or relating to or characteristic of the people or language of Malaysia and the northern Malay Peninsula and parts of the western Malay Archipelago;  a western subfamily of Western Malayo-Polynesian languages; a member of a people inhabiting the northern Malay Peninsula and Malaysia and parts of the western Malay Archipelago
  • Malaysia -  a constitutional monarchy in southeastern Asia on Borneo and the Malay Peninsula; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1957
  • Malaysian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Malaysia;  the Malay language spoken in Malaysia; a native or inhabitant of Malaysia
  • Maldivian -  a native or inhabitant of Maldives
  • Malian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Mali or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Mali
  • Malnutrition -  a state of poor nutrition; can result from insufficient or excessive or unbalanced diet or from inability to absorb foods
  • Malta -  a strategically located island south of Sicily in the Mediterranean Sea; a republic on the island of Malta in the Mediterranean; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1964
  • Maltese -  of or relating to the island or republic of Malta or its inhabitants;  breed of toy dogs having a long straight silky white coat
  • Malthusianism -  Malthus' theory that population increase would outpace increases in the means of subsistence
  • MAM -  a Mayan language spoken by the Mam; a member of a Mayan people of southwestern Guatemala
  • Mannitol -  a diuretic (trade name Osmitrol) used to promote the excretion of urine
  • MAO -  Chinese communist leader (1893-1976); an enzyme that catalyzes the oxidation of many body compounds (e.g., epinephrine and norepinephrine and serotonin)
  • MAP -  a diagrammatic representation of the earth's surface (or part of it); a function such that for every element of one set there is a unique element of another set; verb to establish a mapping (of mathematical elements or sets); explore or survey for the purpose of making a map; make a map of; show or establish the features of details of; depict as if on a map; plan, delineate, or arrange in detail; locate within a specific region of a chromosome in relation to known DNA or gene sequences
  • March -  a steady advance; the act of marching; walking with regular steps (especially in a procession of some kind); a procession of people walking together; the month following February and preceding April; a degree granted for the successful completion of advanced study of architecture; genre of music written for marching; district consisting of the area on either side of a border or boundary of a country or an area; verb walk fast, with regular or measured steps; walk with a stride; march in a procession; force to march; cause to march or go at a marching pace; lie adjacent to another or share a boundary; walk ostentatiously; march in protest; take part in a demonstration
  • Marshall Islands -  a group of coral islands in eastern Micronesia; a republic (under United States protection) on the Marshall Islands
  • Mauritanian -  of or related to the island or country of Mauritius or its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Mauritania
  • Mauritian -  of or related to the island or country of Mauritius or its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Mauritius
  • max -  street names for gamma hydroxybutyrate
  • Mayan -  a member of an American Indian people of Yucatan and Belize and Guatemala who had a culture (which reached its peak between AD 300 and 900) characterized by outstanding architecture and pottery and astronomy; a family of American Indian languages spoken by Maya
  • MDMA -  a stimulant drug that is chemically related to mescaline and amphetamine and is used illicitly for its euphoric and hallucinogenic effects; it was formerly used in psychotherapy but in 1985 it was declared illegal in the United States
  • Mebendazole -  an anthelmintic used to treat hookworm and pinworm and roundworm infestations
  • Meclizine -  an antihistamine (trade name Antivert) used to treat or prevent motion sickness
  • Medieval -  as if belonging to the Middle Ages; old-fashioned and unenlightened; relating to or belonging to the Middle Ages; characteristic of the time of chivalry and knighthood in the Middle Ages
  • Mediterranean -  of or relating to or characteristic of or located near the Mediterranean Sea;  the largest inland sea; between Europe and Africa and Asia
  • Mefenamic acid -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic drug (trade name Ponstel) used to treat mild pain (especially menstrual cramps)
  • Megestrol acetate -  a synthetic progestational compound used to treat endometrial carcinoma
  • Melatonin -  hormone secreted by the pineal gland
  • Melbourne -  the capital of Victoria state and 2nd largest Australian city; a financial and commercial center; a resort town in east central Florida
  • membrane -  a thin pliable sheet of material; a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects organs or cells of animals
  • Mennonite -  a member of an Anabaptist movement in Holland noted for its simplicity of life
  • Menthol -  a lotion containing menthol which gives it the smell of mint; a crystalline compound that has the cool and minty taste and odor that occurs naturally in peppermint oil; used as a flavoring and in medicine to relieve itching, pain, and nasal congestion
  • meperidine -  a synthetic narcotic drug (trade name Demerol) used to treat pain
  • Mephenytoin -  a toxic anticonvulsant drug (trade name Mesantoin) used in the treatment of epilepsy when less toxic anticonvulsants have been ineffective
  • meprobamate -  a sedative and tranquilizer (trade name Miltown and Equanil and Meprin) used to treat muscle tension and anxiety
  • mercury -  temperature measured by a mercury thermometer; the smallest planet and the nearest to the sun; (Roman mythology) messenger of Jupiter and god of commerce; counterpart of Greek Hermes; a heavy silvery toxic univalent and bivalent metallic element; the only metal that is liquid at ordinary temperatures
  • Meridian -  of or happening at noon; being at the best stage of development;  an imaginary great circle on the surface of the earth passing through the north and south poles at right angles to the equator; a town in eastern Mississippi; the highest level or degree attainable; the highest stage of development
  • Methadone -  synthetic narcotic drug similar to morphine but less habit-forming; used in narcotic detoxification and maintenance of heroin addiction
  • Methamphetamine -  an amphetamine derivative (trade name Methedrine) used in the form of a crystalline hydrochloride; used as a stimulant to the nervous system and as an appetite suppressant
  • Methanol -  a light volatile flammable poisonous liquid alcohol; used as an antifreeze and solvent and fuel and as a denaturant for ethyl alcohol
  • Methapyrilene -  antihistamine used to treat allergic responses (as rhinitis or dermatitis or pruritus)
  • Metharbital -  anticonvulsant drug (trade name Gemonil) used in the treatment of epilepsy
  • Methenamine -  antibacterial agent (trade names Mandelamine and Urex) that is contained in many products that are used to treat urinary infections
  • Methicillin -  antibiotic drug of the penicillin family used in the treatment of certain staphylococcal infections
  • Methionine -  a crystalline amino acid containing sulfur; found in most proteins and essential for nutrition
  • Methocarbamol -  muscle relaxant for skeletal muscles (trade name Robaxin) used to treat spasms
  • Methotrexate -  toxic antimetabolite that limits cellular reproduction by acting as an antagonist to folic acid; used to treat certain cancers and psoriasis and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Methyl -  the univalent radical CH3- derived from methane
  • methyl salicylate -  a liquid ester with a strong odor of wintergreen; applied externally for minor muscle and joint pain
  • Methylphenidate -  central nervous system stimulant (trade name Ritalin) used in the treatment of narcolepsy in adults and attention deficit disorder in children
  • Methyltestosterone -  an androgenic compound contained in drugs that are used to treat testosterone deficiency and female breast cancer and to stimulate growth and weight gain
  • Metronidazole -  antiprotozoal medication (trade name Flagyl) used to treat trichomoniasis and giardiasis
  • Mexican -  of or relating to Mexico or its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Mexico
  • Mexico -  a republic in southern North America; became independent from Spain in 1810
  • Mexiletine -  antiarrhythmic drug (trade name Mexitil) used to treat ventricular arrhythmias
  • Miconazole -  an antifungal agent usually administered in the form of a nitrate (trade name Monistat)
  • Micronesia -  the islands in the northwestern part of Oceania; a country scattered over Micronesia with a constitutional government in free association with the United States; achieved independence in 1986
  • Midazolam -  an injectable form of benzodiazepine (trade name Versed) useful for sedation and for reducing pain during uncomfortable medical procedures
  • Mifepristone -  an abortion-inducing drug (trade name RU_486) developed in France; when taken during the first five weeks of pregnancy it blocks the action of progesterone so that the uterus sloughs off the embryo
  • Milan -  the capital of Lombardy in northern Italy; has been an international center of trade and industry since the Middle Ages
  • min -  any of the forms of Chinese spoken in Fukien province; an Egyptian god of procreation; a unit of time equal to 60 seconds or 1/60th of an hour
  • Minocycline -  tetracycline antibiotic (trade name Minocin) used to treat a variety of bacterial and rickettsial infections
  • Miscellaneous -  constituting a grab-bag category; consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity)
  • Mixed -  consisting of a haphazard assortment of different kinds (even to the point of incongruity); involving or composed of different races; caused to combine or unite
  • MLS -  a master's degree in library science
  • MN -  a midwestern state; a hard brittle grey polyvalent metallic element that resembles iron but is not magnetic; used in making steel; occurs in many minerals
  • mocha -  superior dark coffee made from beans from Arabia; flavoring made from mixed coffee and chocolate; soft suede glove leather from goatskin
  • Modern -  characteristic of present-day art and music and literature and architecture; used of a living language; being the current stage in its development; belonging to the modern era; since the Middle Ages; relating to a recently developed fashion or style; ahead of the times;  a typeface (based on an 18th century design by Gianbattista Bodoni) distinguished by regular shape and hairline serifs and heavy downstrokes; a contemporary person
  • Module -  a self-contained component (unit or item) that is used in combination with other components; computer circuit consisting of an assembly of electronic components (as of computer hardware); detachable compartment of a spacecraft; one of the inherent cognitive or perceptual powers of the mind
  • mol -  the molecular weight of a substance expressed in grams; the basic unit of amount of substance adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites
  • Moldova -  a landlocked republic in eastern Europe; formerly a European soviet but achieved independence in 1991
  • Moldovan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Moldova or its people or culture
  • molecular -  relating to simple or elementary organization; relating to or produced by or consisting of molecules
  • Molindone -  antipsychotic drug (trade name Moban) used in the treatment of schizophrenia
  • Molokai -  an island of central Hawaii (between Maui and Oahu)
  • Mon -  the Mon-Khmer language spoken by the Mon; a member of a Buddhist people living in Myanmar and adjacent parts of Thailand; the second day of the week; the first working day
  • Monaco -  a constitutional monarchy in a tiny enclave on the French Riviera
  • Mongolian -  of or relating to the modern Mongolian People's Republic; of or relating to the region of Mongolia or its people or their languages or cultures;  a family of Altaic language spoken in Mongolia; a member of the nomadic peoples of Mongolia
  • Montenegro -  a former country bordering on the Adriatic Sea; now part of the Union of Serbia and Montenegro
  • Morning glory -  any of various twining vines having funnel-shaped flowers that close late in the day
  • Moroccan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Morocco or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Morocco
  • Morphine -  an alkaloid narcotic drug extracted from opium; a powerful, habit-forming narcotic used to relieve pain
  • morphology -  the branch of biology that deals with the structure of animals and plants; the branch of geology that studies the characteristics and configuration and evolution of rocks and land forms; the admissible arrangement of sounds in words; studies of the rules for forming admissible words
  • Mozambican -  of or relating to the people of Mozambique; of or relating to or located in Mozambique;  a native or inhabitant of Mozambique
  • mRNA -  the template for protein synthesis; the form of RNA that carries information from DNA in the nucleus to the ribosome sites of protein synthesis in the cell
  • MT -  the use of computers to translate from one language to another; a state in northwestern United States on the Canadian border; a unit of weight equivalent to 1000 kilograms; a radioactive transuranic element
  • Mumps -  an acute contagious viral disease characterized by fever and by swelling of the parotid glands
  • musical -  characteristic of or resembling or accompanied by music; talented in or devoted to music; characterized by or capable of producing music; containing or constituting or characterized by pleasing melody;  a play or film whose action and dialogue is interspersed with singing and dancing
  • Nabumetone -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Relafen)
  • NAC -  a council consisting of permanent representatives of all the member countries of NATO; has political authority and powers of decision
  • NADA -  a quantity of no importance
  • Nafcillin -  a penicillinase-resistant form of penicillin (trade name Nafcil) used (usually in the form of its sodium salt) to treat infections caused by penicillin-resistant strains of staphylococci
  • Naga -  Kamarupan languages spoken in northeastern India and western Burma
  • Nalidixic acid -  antibacterial agent used especially to treat genitourinary infections
  • Nalorphine -  a narcotic antagonist (trade name Nalline) that counteracts the effects of narcotics (especially the effects of poisoning by morphine)
  • naloxone -  a potent narcotic antagonist (trade name Narcan) especially effective with morphine
  • naltrexone -  an oral antagonist against the action of opiates
  • Namibia -  a republic in southwestern Africa on the south Atlantic coast (formerly called South West Africa); achieved independence from South Africa in 1990; the greater part of Namibia form part of the high Namibian plateau of South Africa
  • Namibian -  of or relating to Namibia or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Namibia
  • Naproxen -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Naprosyn) used in the treatment of arthritis and musculoskeletal inflammation and moderate pain
  • Narcolepsy -  a sleep disorder characterized by sudden and uncontrollable episodes of deep sleep
  • Narrow -  limited in size or scope; not wide; very limited in degree; lacking tolerance or flexibility or breadth of view; characterized by painstaking care and detailed examination;  a narrow strait connecting two bodies of water; verb make or become more narrow or restricted; become tight or as if tight; become more special; define clearly
  • National -  concerned with or applicable to or belonging to an entire nation or country; limited to or in the interests of a particular nation; owned or maintained for the public by the national government; of or relating to or belonging to a nation or country; of or relating to nationality; characteristic of or peculiar to the people of a nation; inside the country;  a person who owes allegiance to that nation
  • National Institutes of Health -  an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services whose mission is to employ science in the pursuit of knowledge to improve human health; is the principal biomedical research agency of the federal government
  • Natural -  being talented through inherited qualities; related by blood; not adopted; in accordance with nature; relating to or concerning nature; existing in or produced by nature; not artificial or imitation; existing in or in conformity with nature or the observable world; neither supernatural nor magical; (of a key) containing no sharps or flats; (of a note) being neither raised nor lowered by one chromatic semitone; functioning or occurring in a normal way; lacking abnormalities or deficiencies; (used especially of commodities) being unprocessed or manufactured using only simple or minimal processes; unthinking; prompted by (or as if by) instinct; free from artificiality;  (craps) a first roll of 7 or 11 that immediately wins the stake; a notation cancelling a previous sharp or flat; someone regarded as certain to succeed
  • Nauruan -  of or relating to the island republic of Nauru or its residents;  a native or inhabitant of Nauru
  • Neapolitan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Naples or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Naples
  • Nefazodone -  an antidepressant drug (trade name Serzone)
  • Neomycin -  an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used (as a sulphate under the trade name Neobiotic) as an intestinal antiseptic in surgery
  • Nepal -  a small landlocked Asian country high in the Himalayas between India and China
  • Nepalese -  of or pertaining to or characteristic of Nepal or its people or language or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Nepal
  • Nerve agent -  a toxic gas that is inhaled or absorbed through the skin and has harmful effects on the nervous and respiratory system
  • Nervous -  easily agitated; of or relating to the nervous system; unpredictably excitable (especially of horses); excited in anticipation; causing or fraught with or showing anxiety
  • NESS -  a strip of land projecting into a body of water
  • NET -  remaining after all deductions; conclusive in a process or progression;  an open fabric of string or rope or wire woven together at regular intervals; a trap made of netting to catch fish or birds or insects; game equipment consisting of a strip of netting dividing the playing area in tennis or badminton; a goal lined with netting (as in soccer or hockey); a computer network consisting of a worldwide network of computer networks that use the TCP/IP network protocols to facilitate data transmission and exchange; the excess of revenues over outlays in a given period of time (including depreciation and other non-cash expenses); verb catch with a net; make as a net profit; yield as a net profit; construct or form a web, as if by weaving
  • Netherlands -  a constitutional monarchy in western Europe on the North Sea; half the country lies below sea level
  • New Zealand -  North Island and South Island and adjacent small islands in the South Pacific; an independent country within the British Commonwealth; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1907; known for sheep and spectacular scenery
  • Nicaragua -  a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821
  • Nicotine -  an alkaloid poison that occurs in tobacco; used in medicine and as an insecticide
  • Nifedipine -  calcium blocker (trade name Procardia); appears to increase the risk of recurrent heart attacks
  • Niger -  a landlocked republic in West Africa; gained independence from France in 1960; most of the country is dominated by the Sahara Desert; an African river; flows into the South Atlantic
  • Nigeria -  a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; gained independence from Britain in 1960; most populous African country
  • Nigerian -  of or relating to the people of Nigeria; of or relating to Nigeria;  a native or inhabitant of Nigeria
  • NIH -  an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services whose mission is to employ science in the pursuit of knowledge to improve human health; is the principal biomedical research agency of the federal government
  • Nitrazepam -  a hypnotic and sedative drug of the benzodiazepine type
  • nitrite -  the radical -NO2 or any compound containing it (such as a salt or ester of nitrous acid)
  • Nitrofuran -  derivative of furan used to inhibit bacterial growth
  • Nitrofurantoin -  derivative of nitrofuran used as an antibacterial medicine (trade name Macrodantin) effective against a broad range of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria; used to treat infections of the urinary tract
  • nitrous oxide -  inhalation anesthetic used as an anesthetic in dentistry and surgery
  • NM -  a state in southwestern United States on the Mexican border; a metric unit of length equal to one billionth of a meter
  • NNE -  the compass point that is midway between north and northeast
  • no -  quantifier; used with either mass s or plural count s for indicating a complete or almost complete lack or zero quantity of; adv. used to express refusal or denial or disagreement etc or especially to emphasize a negative statement; not in any degree or manner; not at all; referring to the degree to which a certain quality is present;  a negative; a radioactive transuranic element synthesized by bombarding curium with carbon ions; 7 isotopes are known
  • non - adv. negation of a word or group of words
  • Nonsteroidal -  not steroidal or not having the effects of steroid hormones;  an organic compound that does no contain a steroid
  • Norepinephrine -  a catecholamine precursor of epinephrine that is secreted by the adrenal medulla and also released at synapses
  • Norethandrolone -  a synthetic progestational hormone (trade name Norlutin) used in oral contraceptives and to treat endometriosis
  • norethindrone -  a synthetic progestational hormone (trade name Norlutin) used in oral contraceptives and to treat endometriosis
  • norgestrel -  synthetic progestin used in oral contraceptives
  • North -  situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the north; adv. in a northern direction;  any region lying in or toward the north; the region of the United States lying north of the Mason-Dixon line; British statesman under George III whose policies led to rebellion in the American colonies (1732-1792); the cardinal compass point that is at 0 or 360 degrees; the direction in which a compass needle points; the United States (especially the northern states during the American Civil War)
  • North America -  the nations of the North American continent collectively; a continent (the third largest) in the western hemisphere connected to South America by the Isthmus of Panama
  • North Korean -  of or relating to or characteristic of North Korea or its people or their culture;  a Korean from North Korea
  • Nortriptyline -  a tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Pamelor) used along with psychotherapy to treat dysthymic depression; may interact dangerously if taken with other drugs
  • Norway -  a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe on the western side of the Scandinavian Peninsula; achieved independence from Sweden in 1905
  • Norwegian -  of or relating to Norway or its people or culture or language;  a Scandinavian language that is spoken in Norway; a native or inhabitant of Norway
  • Note -  a characteristic emotional quality; a brief written record; a short personal letter; a comment or instruction (usually added); a notation representing the pitch and duration of a musical sound; a tone of voice that shows what the speaker is feeling; a promise to pay a specified amount on demand or at a certain time; a piece of paper money (especially one issued by a central bank); high status importance owing to marked superiority; verb make mention of; make a written note of; observe with care or pay close attention to; notice or perceive
  • Novobiocin -  an antibiotic obtained from an actinomycete and used to treat infections by Gram-positive bacteria
  • nucleoside -  a glycoside formed by partial hydrolysis of a nucleic acid
  • Nucleotide -  a phosphoric ester of a nucleoside; the basic structural unit of nucleic acids (DNA or RNA)
  • Nuremberg -  a city in southeastern Germany; site of Allied trials of Nazi war criminals (1945-46)
  • Nystatin -  an antifungal and antibiotic (trade names Mycostatin and Nystan) discovered in New York State; derived from soil fungi actinomycetes
  • Obesity -  more than average fatness
  • Occitan -  the medieval dialects of Langue d'oc (southern France)
  • Oceania -  a large group of islands in the south Pacific including Melanesia and Micronesia and Polynesia (and sometimes Australasia and the Malay Archipelago)
  • Oceanic -  constituting or living in the open sea; resembling the ocean in apparent limitlessness in extent or degree; relating to or occurring or living in or frequenting the open ocean;  an eastern subfamily of Malayo-Polynesian languages
  • Omani -  of or relating to Oman or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Oman
  • on -  in operation or operational; (of events) planned or scheduled; adv. indicates continuity or persistence or concentration; in a state required for something to function or be effective; with a forward motion
  • Open fracture -  bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
  • Operating microscope -  binocular microscope used in surgery to provide a clear view of small and inaccessible parts of the body (as in microsurgery)
  • opium -  an addictive narcotic extracted from seed capsules of the opium poppy
  • or -  a room in a hospital equipped for the performance of surgical operations; a state in northwestern United States on the Pacific
  • Organophosphate -  an insecticide that interferes with an insect's nervous system
  • Orphenadrine -  a skeletal muscle relaxant (trade name Norflex) used to treat severe muscle strain and Parkinsonism
  • Oslo -  the capital and largest city of Norway; the country's main port; located at the head of a fjord on Norway's southern coast
  • Other -  very unusual; different in character or quality from the normal or expected; recently past; not the same one or ones already mentioned or implied; belonging to the distant past
  • Ottoman -  of or relating to the Ottoman Empire or its people or its culture;  thick cushion used as a seat; the Turkish dynasty that ruled the Ottoman Empire from the 13th century to its dissolution after World War I; a Turk (especially a Turk who is a member of the tribe of Osman I); a low seat or a stool to rest the feet of a seated person
  • Outline -  a schematic or preliminary plan; a sketchy summary of the main points of an argument or theory; the line that appears to bound an object; verb describe roughly or briefly or give the main points or summary of; trace the shape of; draw up an outline or sketch for something
  • Oxacillin -  a form of penicillin resistant to penicillinase and effective against penicillin-resistant staphylococci
  • Oxalate -  a salt or ester of oxalic acid
  • Oxaprozin -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Daypro)
  • Oxazepam -  a tranquilizing drug (trade name Serax) used to treat anxiety and insomnia and alcohol withdrawal
  • Oxytetracycline -  a yellow crystalline antibiotic (trademark Terramycin) obtained from a soil actinomycete; used to treat various bacterial and rickettsial infections
  • Oxytocin -  hormone secreted by the posterior pituitary gland (trade name Pitocin); stimulates contractions of the uterus and ejection of milk
  • Pakistani -  of or relating to Pakistan or its people or language;  a native or inhabitant of Pakistan
  • Palestinian -  of or relating to the area of Palestine and its inhabitants;  an ethnic group of Arabs formerly living in Palestine; a descendant of the Arabs who inhabited Palestine
  • Palmer -  United States golfer (born in 1929)
  • Panama -  a republic on the Isthmus of Panama; achieved independence from Colombia in 1903; a stiff hat made of straw with a flat crown
  • Panamanian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Panama or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Panama
  • Pancreatin -  extract from the pancreas of animals that contains pancreatic enzymes; used to treat pancreatitis and other conditions involving insufficient pancreatic secretions
  • Papua New Guinea -  a parliamentary democracy on the eastern half of the island of New Guinea
  • Paraguay -  a landlocked republic in south central South America; achieved independence from Spain in 1811
  • Paraldehyde -  a colorless liquid (a cyclic trimer of acetaldehyde) that is used as a sedative and a solvent
  • Paregoric -  medicine used to treat diarrhea
  • Paris -  the capital and largest city of France; and international center of culture and commerce; a town in northeastern Texas; (Greek mythology) the prince of Troy who abducted Helen from her husband Menelaus and provoked the Trojan War; sometimes placed in subfamily Trilliaceae
  • Parsi -  a member of a monotheistic sect of Zoroastrian origin; descended from the Persians; now found in western India
  • Pashtun -  an ethnic minority speaking Pashto and living in northwestern Pakistan and southeastern Afghanistan; a member of the mountain people living in the eastern regions of Afghanistan
  • patchouli -  a heavy perfume made from the patchouli plant; small East Indian shrubby mint; fragrant oil from its leaves is used in perfumes
  • PB -  a soft heavy toxic malleable metallic element; bluish white when freshly cut but tarnishes readily to dull grey
  • PCP -  a drug used as an anesthetic by veterinarians; illicitly taken (originally in the form of powder or `dust') for its effects as a hallucinogen
  • PEA -  seed of a pea plant used for food; a leguminous plant of the genus Pisum with small white flowers and long green pods containing edible green seeds; the fruit or seed of a pea plant
  • Peasant -  a country person; a crude uncouth ill-bred person lacking culture or refinement; one of a (chiefly European) class of agricultural laborers
  • Pectin -  any of various water-soluble colloidal carbohydrates that occur in ripe fruit and vegetables; used in making fruit jellies and jams
  • Pennsylvania Dutch -  a dialect of High German spoken in parts of Pennsylvania and Maryland
  • Pentazocine -  analgesic drug (trade name Talwin) that is less addictive than morphine
  • Pentobarbital -  a barbiturate (trade name Nembutal) used as a sedative and hypnotic and antispasmodic
  • Pentylenetetrazol -  a drug used as a circulatory and respiratory stimulant; larger doses cause convulsions in shock therapy; Metrazol is a trademark
  • People -  (plural) any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively; members of a family line; the body of citizens of a state or country; the common people generally; verb fill with people or supply with inhabitants; furnish with people
  • Pepsin -  an enzyme produced in the stomach that splits proteins into peptones
  • Percolator -  a coffeepot in which boiling water ascends through a central tube and filters back down through a basket of ground coffee beans
  • Periodontics -  the branch of dentistry dealing with diseases of the gums and other structures around the teeth
  • Perphenazine -  tranquilizer and antidepressant (trade name Triavil) sometimes used as an antiemetic for adults
  • Peru -  a republic in western South America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; was the heart of the Inca empire from the 12th to 16th centuries
  • Peruvian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Peru or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Peru
  • ph -  (from potential of Hydrogen) the logarithm of the reciprocal of hydrogen-ion concentration in gram atoms per liter; provides a measure on a scale from 0 to 14 of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution (where 7 is neutral and greater than 7 is more basic and less than 7 is more acidic)
  • Phase III -  a large clinical trial of a treatment or drug that in phase I and phase II has been shown to be efficacious with tolerable side effects; after successful conclusion of these clinical trials it will receive formal approval from the FDA
  • Phenacetin -  a white crystalline compound used as an analgesic and also as an antipyretic
  • phencyclidine -  a drug used as an anesthetic by veterinarians; illicitly taken (originally in the form of powder or `dust') for its effects as a hallucinogen
  • Phenelzine -  monoamine oxidase inhibitor (trade name Nardil) used to treat clinical depression
  • Pheniramine -  an antihistamine used in preparations to treat allergies and respiratory infections; used to treat rhinitis and skin rashes and pruritus
  • phenol -  any of a class of weakly acidic organic compounds; molecule contains one or more hydroxyl groups; a toxic white soluble crystalline acidic derivative of benzene; used in manufacturing and as a disinfectant and antiseptic; poisonous if taken internally
  • Phensuximide -  anticonvulsant (trade name Milontin) used to treat petit mal
  • Phenyltoloxamine -  antihistamine included in some preparations used to treat coughing and nasal congestion
  • Phenytoin -  an anticonvulsant drug (trade name Dilantin) used to treat epilepsy and that is not a sedative
  • Philippines -  an archipelago in the southwestern Pacific including some 7000 islands; a republic on the Philippine Islands; achieved independence from the United States in 1946
  • physiognomy -  the human face (`kisser' and `smiler' and `mug' are informal terms for `face' and `phiz' is British)
  • Physostigmine -  used in treatment of Alzheimer's disease and glaucoma
  • Picador -  the horseman who pricks the bull with a lance early in the bullfight to goad the bull and to make it keep its head low
  • Pimozide -  the most commonly used diphenylbutyl piperidine
  • Piperacillin -  a synthetic type of penicillin antibiotic (trade name Pipracil) used for moderate to severe infections
  • piperazine -  vermifuge used to treat infestations by roundworms or pinworms
  • Piroxicam -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Feldene) used to treat arthritis and other inflammatory conditions
  • plasma -  colorless watery fluid of blood and lymph containing no cells and in which erythrocytes and leukocytes and platelets are suspended; (physical chemistry) a fourth state of matter distinct from solid or liquid or gas and present in stars and fusion reactors; a gas becomes a plasma when it is heated until the atoms lose all their electrons, leaving a highly electrified collection of nuclei and free electrons; a green slightly translucent variety of chalcedony used as a gemstone
  • plutonium -  a solid silvery grey radioactive transuranic element whose atoms can be split when bombarded with neutrons; found in minute quantities in uranium ores but is usually synthesized in nuclear reactors; 13 isotopes are known with the most important being plutonium 239
  • Pneumonia -  respiratory disease characterized by inflammation of the lung parenchyma (excluding the bronchi) with congestion caused by viruses or bacteria or irritants
  • po -  a European river; flows into the Adriatic Sea; an independent agency of the federal government responsible for mail delivery (and sometimes telecommunications) between individuals and businesses in the United States; a noncommissioned officer in the navy with a rank comparable to sergeant in the army; a radioactive metallic element that is similar to tellurium and bismuth; occurs in uranium ores but can be produced by bombarding bismuth with neutrons in a nuclear reactor
  • poisoning -  the act of giving poison to a person or animal with the intent to kill; the physiological state produced by a poison or other toxic substance
  • Poland -  a republic in central Europe; the invasion of Poland by Germany in 1939 started World War II
  • Polish -  of or relating to Poland or its people or culture;  the property of being smooth and shiny; the Slavic language of Poland; a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality; a preparation used in polishing; verb bring to a highly developed, finished, or refined state; improve or perfect by pruning or polishing; make (a surface) shine
  • Portal -  a grand and imposing entrance (often extended metaphorically); a short vein that carries blood into the liver; a site that the owner positions as an entrance to other sites on the internet
  • Portugal -  a republic in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; Portuguese explorers and colonists in the 15th and 16th centuries created a vast overseas empire (including Brazil)
  • Portuguese -  of or relating to or characteristic of Portugal or the people of Portugal;  the Romance language spoken in Portugal and Brazil; a native or inhabitant of Portugal
  • Position -  the act of positing; an assumption taken as a postulate or axiom; a job in an organization; (in team sports) the role assigned to an individual player; the spatial property of a place where or way in which something is situated; the arrangement of the body and its limbs; a rationalized mental attitude; a way of regarding situations or topics etc.; the particular portion of space occupied by something; the appropriate or customary location; the post or function properly or customarily occupied or served by another; the act of putting something in a certain place; an item on a list or in a sequence; an opinion that is held in opposition to another in an argument or dispute; a point occupied by troops for tactical reasons; a condition or position in which you find yourself; the relative position or standing of things or especially persons in a society; verb cause to be in an appropriate place, state, or relation; put into a certain place or abstract location
  • Postum -  trade mark for a coffee substitute invented by C. W. Post and made with chicory and roasted grains
  • potassium bromide -  a white crystalline salt (KBr) used as a sedative and in photography
  • Potassium iodide -  a crystalline salt in organic synthesis and in making photographic emulsions and in iodized table salt
  • Potassium permanganate -  a poisonous salt that forms dark purple crystals and is purple-red when dissolved in water; used as an oxidizing and bleaching agent and as a disinfectant and antiseptic
  • prazosin -  antihypertensive drug (trade name Minipress)
  • Prednisolone -  a glucocorticoid (trade names Pediapred or Prelone) used to treat inflammatory conditions
  • Prednisone -  a dehydrogenated analogue of cortisol (trade names Orasone or Deltasone or Liquid Pred or Meticorten); used as an anti-inflammatory drug in the treatment of arthritis and as an immunosuppressant
  • Preparation -  the activity of putting or setting in order in advance of some act or purpose; (music) a note that produces a dissonant chord is first heard in a consonant chord; the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; preparatory school work done outside school (especially at home); activity leading to skilled behavior; the cognitive process of thinking about what you will do in the event of something happening; the state of having been made ready or prepared for use or action (especially military action); a substance prepared according to a formula
  • present -  temporal sense; intermediate between past and future; now existing or happening or in consideration; spatial sense; being or existing in a specified place;  a verb tense that expresses actions or states at the time of speaking; something presented as a gift; the period of time that is happening now; any continuous stretch of time including the moment of speech; verb bring forward and present to the mind; formally present a debutante, a representative of a country, etc.; hand over formally; introduce; recognize with a gesture prescribed by a military regulation; assume a prescribed position; cause to come to know personally; deliver (a speech, oration, or idea); present somebody with something, usually to accuse or criticize; represent in a painting, drawing, sculpture, or verbally; perform (a play), especially on a stage; show or demonstrate something to an interested audience; give as a present; make a gift of; give, especially as an honor or reward
  • President -  the chief executive of a republic; an executive officer of a firm or corporation; the head administrative officer of a college or university; the officer who presides at the meetings of an organization; the office of the United States head of state; the person who holds the office of head of state of the United States government
  • primarily - adv. of primary import; for the most part
  • Primidone -  an anticonvulsant (trade name Mysoline) used to treat grand mal seizures and essential tremor
  • Prochlorperazine -  antipsychotic and antiemetic drug used to treat schizophrenia and to combat nausea and vomiting
  • Production -  (law) the act of exhibiting in a court of law; the act or process of producing something; the creation of value or wealth by producing goods and services; (economics) manufacturing or mining or growing something (usually in large quantities) for sale; a presentation for the stage or screen or radio or television; a display that is exaggerated or unduly complicated; an artifact that has been created by someone or some process; the quantity of something (as a commodity) that is created (usually within a given period of time)
  • Progesterone -  a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo-Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy
  • Project -  a planned undertaking; any piece of work that is undertaken or attempted; verb present for consideration; regard as objective; communicate vividly; transfer (ideas or principles) from one domain into another; throw, send, or cast forward; put or send forth; draw a projection of; project on a screen; cause to be heard; imagine; conceive of; see in one's mind; make or work out a plan for; devise; extend out or project in space
  • promethazine -  antihistamine (trade name Phenergan) used to treat allergies; also an antiemetic used to treat motion sickness
  • Prosthodontics -  the branch of dentistry dealing with the replacement of teeth and related mouth or jaw structures by artificial devices
  • Protamine -  a simple protein found in fish sperm; rich in arginine; simpler in composition than globulin or albumin; counteracts the anticoagulant effect of heparin
  • Protriptyline -  tricyclic antidepressant used to treat clinical depression
  • Proximal -  situated nearest to point of attachment or origin
  • Prussian blue -  a dark greenish-blue color; any of various blue pigments
  • pseudoephedrine -  poisonous crystalline alkaloid occurring with ephedrine and isomorphic with it
  • Psychedelic -  (of a mental state) characterized by intense and distorted perceptions and hallucinations and feelings of euphoria or sometimes despair; having the vivid colors and bizarre patterns associated with psychedelic states; producing distorted sensory perceptions and feelings or altered states of awareness or sometimes states resembling psychosis
  • PT -  a heavy precious metallic element; grey-white and resistant to corroding; occurs in some nickel and copper ores and is also found native in some deposits
  • Punjabi -  the Indic language spoken by most people in Punjab in northwestern India; a member of the majority people of Punjab in northwestern India
  • purge -  an act of removing by cleansing; ridding of sediment or other undesired elements; the act of clearing yourself (or another) from some stigma or charge; verb excrete or evacuate (someone's bowels or body); rid of impurities; clear of a charge; oust politically; eject the contents of the stomach through the mouth; rinse, clean, or empty with a liquid; make pure or free from sin or guilt
  • PX -  a commissary on a United States Army post
  • pyrene -  the small hard nutlet of a drupe or drupelet; the seed and the hard endocarp that surrounds it; a pale yellow crystalline hydrocarbon C16H10 extracted from coal tar
  • pyridoxine -  a B vitamin that is essential for metabolism of amino acids and starch
  • pyrilamine -  antihistamine used to treat rhinitis and pruritus
  • Qatar -  a peninsula extending northward from the Arabian mainland into the Persian Gulf; an Arab country on the peninsula of Qatar; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1971; the economy is dominated by oil
  • Qatari -  of or concerning Qatar;  a native or inhabitant of Qatar
  • Qi -  the circulating life energy that in Chinese philosophy is thought to be inherent in all things; in traditional Chinese medicine the balance of negative and positive forms in the body is believed to be essential for good health
  • Quebec -  the largest province of Canada; a French colony from 1663 to 1759 when it was lost to the British; the French-speaking capital of the province of Quebec; situated on the Saint Lawrence River
  • Quebecois -  of or relating to Quebec (especially to the French speaking inhabitants or their culture);  a native or inhabitant of Quebec (especially one who speaks French)
  • Quinacrine -  a drug (trade name Atabrine) used to treat certain worm infestations and once used to treat malaria
  • RA -  ancient Egyptian sun god with the head of a hawk; a universal creator; he merged with the god Amen as Amen-Ra to become the king of the gods; (astronomy) the equatorial coordinate specifying the angle, measured eastward along the celestial equator, from the vernal equinox to the intersection of the hour circle that passes through an object in the sky; usually expressed in hours and minutes and seconds; used with declination to specify positions on the celestial sphere; an intensely radioactive metallic element that occurs in minute amounts in uranium ores
  • radium -  an intensely radioactive metallic element that occurs in minute amounts in uranium ores
  • Rat -  any of various long-tailed rodents similar to but larger than a mouse; a pad (usually made of hair) worn as part of a woman's coiffure; one who reveals confidential information in return for money; a person who is deemed to be despicable or contemptible; someone who works (or provides workers) during a strike; verb catch rats, especially with dogs; give (hair) the appearance of being fuller by using a rat; employ scabs or strike breakers in; desert one's party or group of friends, for example, for one's personal advantage; give away information about somebody; take the place of work of someone on strike
  • RB -  a soft silvery metallic element of the alkali metal group; burns in air and reacts violently in water; occurs in carnallite and lepidolite and pollucite
  • Reboxetine -  an antidepressant drug that blocks the reuptake of norepinephrine
  • receptor -  a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response; an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation
  • Red-eye - verb travel on an overnight flight
  • Reductase -  an enzyme that catalyses the biochemical reduction of some specified substance
  • ref -  (sports) the chief official (as in boxing or American football) who is expected to ensure fair play
  • Regional -  related or limited to a particular region; characteristic of a region
  • Related -  connected by kinship, common origin, or marriage; being connected either logically or causally or by shared characteristics; having close kinship and appropriateness; similar or related in quality or character
  • Religion -  a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; an institution to express belief in a divine power
  • religious -  having or showing belief in and reverence for a deity; concerned with sacred matters or religion or the church; extremely scrupulous and conscientious;  a member of a religious order who is bound by vows of poverty and chastity and obedience
  • Reserpine -  antihypertensive consisting of an alkaloid extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina (trade names Raudixin or Rau-Sed or Sandril or Serpasil)
  • Reversible -  capable of assuming or producing either of two states; capable of reversing or being reversed; capable of being reversed or used with either side out; capable of being reversed;  a garment (especially a coat) that can be worn inside out (with either side of the cloth showing)
  • Rheumatoid factor -  autoantibody that is usually present in the serum of people with rheumatoid arthritis
  • RNA -  (biochemistry) a long linear polymer of nucleotides found in the nucleus but mainly in the cytoplasm of a cell where it is associated with microsomes; it transmits genetic information from DNA to the cytoplasm and controls certain chemical processes in the cell
  • Rodeo -  an exhibition of cowboy skills; an enclosure for cattle that have been rounded up
  • Rofecoxib -  a Cox-2 inhibitor (trade name Vioxx) that relieves pain without harming the digestive tract; voluntarily withdrawn from the market in 2004
  • Roman -  of or relating to or derived from Rome (especially ancient Rome); relating to or characteristic of people of Rome; of or relating to or supporting Romanism; characteristic of the modern type that most directly represents the type used in ancient Roman inscriptions;  a typeface used in ancient Roman inscriptions; a resident of modern Rome; an inhabitant of the ancient Roman Empire
  • Romania -  a Balkan republic in southeastern Europe
  • Romanian -  of or relating to or characteristic of the country of Romania or its people or languages;  an eastern Romance language spoken in Romania; a native or inhabitant of Romania
  • Rome -  the leadership of the Roman Catholic Church; capital and largest city of Italy; on the Tiber; seat of the Roman Catholic Church; formerly the capital of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire
  • Rose -  of something having a dusty purplish pink color;  a dusty pink color; any of many shrubs of the genus Rosa that bear roses; pinkish table wine from red grapes whose skins were removed after fermentation began
  • Russia -  a former empire in eastern Europe and northern Asia created in the 14th century with Moscow as the capital; powerful in the 17th and 18th centuries under Peter the Great and Catherine the Great when Saint Petersburg was the capital; overthrown by revolution in 1917; a federation in northeastern Europe and northern Asia; formerly Soviet Russia; since 1991 an independent state; a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia and others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991; formerly the largest Soviet Socialist Republic in the USSR occupying eastern Europe and northern Asia
  • Russian -  of or pertaining to or characteristic of Russia or its people or culture or language;  the Slavic language that is the official language of Russia; a native or inhabitant of Russia
  • Rwandan -  of or pertaining to Rwanda;  a native or inhabitant of Rwanda
  • Sabahan -  of or pertaining to Sabah or its people;  a Malaysian from Sabah
  • sailing -  the departure of a vessel from a port; riding in a sailboat; the activity of flying a glider; the work of a sailor
  • salicylic acid -  a white crystalline substance with a bitter aftertaste; used as a fungicide or in making aspirin or dyes or perfumes
  • Saline -  containing salt;  an isotonic solution of sodium chloride and distilled water
  • Salt Lake City -  the capital and largest city of Utah; located near the Great Salt Lake in north central Utah; world capital of the Mormon Church
  • Salvadoran -  of or relating to or characteristic of El Salvador or its people;  a native or inhabitant of El Salvador
  • SAMe -  unchanged in character or nature; closely similar or comparable in kind or quality or quantity or degree; same in identity; equal in amount or value;  the language of nomadic Lapps in northern Scandinavia and the Kola Peninsula; a member of an indigenous nomadic people living in northern Scandinavia and herding reindeer
  • Sami -  the language of nomadic Lapps in northern Scandinavia and the Kola Peninsula; a member of an indigenous nomadic people living in northern Scandinavia and herding reindeer
  • Samoa -  a group of volcanic islands in the South Pacific midway between Hawaii and Australia; its climate and scenery and Polynesian culture make it a popular tourist stop; a constitutional monarchy on the western part of the islands of Samoa in the South Pacific
  • San Marino -  the smallest republic in the world; the oldest independent country in Europe (achieved independence in 301); located in the Apennines and completely surrounded by Italy; the capital and only city of San Marino
  • Sandbox -  plaything consisting of a pile of sand or a box filled with sand for children to play in; mold consisting of a box with sand shaped to mold metal
  • Sarawakian -  of or relating to Sarawak or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Sarawak
  • Sardinian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Sardinia or its people;  the Italian dialect spoken in Sardinia; sometimes considered a separate language with many loan words from Spanish; a native or inhabitant of Sardinia
  • SARS -  a respiratory disease of unknown etiology that apparently originated in mainland China in 2003; characterized by fever and coughing or difficulty breathing or hypoxia; can be fatal
  • Saudi Arabia -  an absolute monarchy occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia; vast oil reserves dominate the economy
  • Saxitoxin -  a powerful neurotoxin produced by certain dinoflagellates found in red tides; it can accumulate in mollusks that feed on the dinoflagellates and cause food poisoning to humans
  • Scapular -  relating to or near the shoulder blade;  a feather covering the shoulder of a bird; garment consisting of a long wide piece of woolen cloth worn over the shoulders with an opening for the head; part of a monastic habit
  • Schizophrenia -  any of several psychotic disorders characterized by distortions of reality and disturbances of thought and language and withdrawal from social contact
  • Scientology -  a new religion founded by L. Ron Hubbard in 1955 and characterized by a belief in the power of a person's spirit to clear itself of past painful experiences through self-knowledge and spiritual fulfillment
  • Scopolamine -  an alkaloid with anticholinergic effects that is used as a sedative and to treat nausea and to dilate the pupils in ophthalmic procedures
  • Scottish -  of or relating to or characteristic of Scotland or its people or culture or its English dialect or Gaelic language;  the dialect of English used in Scotland
  • SEA -  relating to or characteristic of or occurring on the sea or ships;  a division of an ocean or a large body of salt water partially enclosed by land; turbulent water with swells of considerable size; anything apparently limitless in quantity or volume
  • selective -  tending to select; characterized by careful choice; characterized by very careful or fastidious selection
  • Selenium -  a toxic nonmetallic element related to sulfur and tellurium; occurs in several allotropic forms; a stable grey metallike allotrope conducts electricity better in the light than in the dark and is used in photocells; occurs in sulfide ores (as pyrite)
  • Semisynthetic -  not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially
  • Senegalese -  of or relating to or characteristic of Senegal or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Senegal
  • Serbia -  a historical region in central and northern Yugoslavia; Serbs settled the region in the 6th and 7th centuries
  • Serbian -  of or relating to the people or language or culture of the region of Serbia;  a member of a Slavic people who settled in Serbia and neighboring areas in the 6th and 7th centuries
  • Serotonin -  a neurotransmitter involved in e.g. sleep and depression and memory
  • Sertraline -  a selective-serotonin reuptake inhibitor commonly prescribed as an antidepressant (trade name Zoloft)
  • Seychellois -  of the Seychelles or their people;  a native or inhabitant of Seychelles
  • Short -  tending to crumble or break into flakes due to a large amount of shortening; (primarily spatial sense) having little length or lacking in length; primarily temporal sense; indicating or being or seeming to be limited in duration; of speech sounds or syllables of relatively short duration; not holding securities or commodities that one sells in expectation of a fall in prices; lacking foresight or scope; low in stature; not tall; marked by rude or peremptory shortness; (of memory) deficient in retentiveness or range; not sufficient to meet a need; less than the correct or legal or full amount often deliberately so; adv. at a disadvantage; so as to interrupt; at some point or distance before a goal is reached; clean across; without possessing something at the time it is contractually sold; quickly and without warning; in a curt, abrupt and discourteous manner;  the location on a baseball field where the shortstop is stationed; the fielding position of the player on a baseball team who is stationed between second and third base; accidental contact between two points in an electric circuit that have a potential difference; verb create a short circuit in; cheat someone by not returning him enough money
  • show -  the act of publicly exhibiting or entertaining; a social event involving a public performance or entertainment; pretending that something is the case in order to make a good impression; something intended to communicate a particular impression; verb give evidence of, as of records; finish third or better in a horse or dog race; make visible or noticeable; be or become visible or noticeable; show or demonstrate something to an interested audience; establish the validity of something, as by an example, explanation or experiment; indicate a certain reading; of gauges and instruments; indicate a place, direction, person, or thing; either spatially or figuratively; give expression to; provide evidence for; show in, or as in, a picture; show (someone) to their seats, as in theaters or auditoriums; make clear and visible
  • Sicilian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Sicily or the people of Sicily;  a resident of Sicily
  • Sierra Leonean -  of or relating to Sierra Leone or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Sierra Leone
  • Sikh -  of or relating to the Sikhs or their religious beliefs and customs;  an adherent of Sikhism
  • Sindhi -  the Indic language of the Sindhi
  • Singapore -  an island south of the Malay Peninsula; a country in southeastern Asia on the island of Singapore; achieved independence from Malaysia in 1965; the capital of Singapore; one of the world's biggest ports
  • Singaporean -  of or relating to the city of Singapore; of or relating to the island nation of Singapore and its people;  an inhabitant of Singapore
  • Skullcap -  rounded brimless cap fitting the crown of the head; a herbaceous plant of the genus Scutellaria which has a calyx that, when inverted, resembles a helmet with its visor raised; the dome of the skull
  • Slovak -  the Slavic language spoken in Slovakia; a native or inhabitant of Slovakia
  • Slovakia -  a landlocked republic in central Europe; separated from the Czech Republic in 1993
  • Slovenia -  a mountainous republic in central Europe; formerly part of the Habsburg monarchy and Yugoslavia; achieved independence in 1991
  • Slovenian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Slovenia or its people or language;  a native or inhabitant of Slovenia
  • Socialism -  a political theory advocating state ownership of industry; an economic system based on state ownership of capital
  • Sodium -  a silvery soft waxy metallic element of the alkali metal group; occurs abundantly in natural compounds (especially in salt water); burns with a yellow flame and reacts violently in water; occurs in sea water and in the mineral halite (rock salt)
  • Sodium bicarbonate -  a white soluble compound (NaHCO3) used in effervescent drinks and in baking powders and as an antacid
  • Sodium nitrite -  nitrite used to preserve and color food especially in meat and fish products; implicated in the formation of suspected carcinogens
  • Sofia -  capital and largest city of Bulgaria located in western Bulgaria
  • Solomon Islands -  the southern Solomon Islands that since 1978 form an independent state in the British Commonwealth; the northernmost islands are part of Papua New Guinea; the remainder form an independent state within the British Commonwealth
  • Somali -  of or relating to the African republic of Somalia or its people or their language and culture;  the Cushitic language spoken by the Somali; a member of a tall dark (mostly Muslim) people inhabiting Somalia
  • Soul food -  food traditionally eaten by African-Americans in the South
  • South -  situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the south; adv. in a southern direction;  any region lying in or toward the south; the region of the United States lying south of the Mason-Dixon line; the cardinal compass point that is at 180 degrees; the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
  • South Africa -  a republic at the southernmost part of Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1910; first European settlers were Dutch (known as Boers)
  • South African -  of or pertaining to or characteristic of South Africa or its people;  a native or inhabitant of South Africa
  • South America -  the nations of the South American continent collectively; a continent in the western hemisphere connected to North America by the Isthmus of Panama
  • South Korea -  a republic in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula; established in 1948
  • Soviet -  of or relating to or characteristic of the former Soviet Union or its people;  an elected governmental council in a Communist country (especially one that is a member of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics)
  • SPA -  a place of business with equipment and facilities for exercising and improving physical fitness; a fashionable hotel usually in a resort area; a health resort near a spring or at the seaside
  • Spain -  a parliamentary monarchy in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; a former colonial power
  • Spanish -  of or relating to or characteristic of Spain or the people of Spain;  the Romance language spoken in most of Spain and the countries colonized by Spain; the people of Spain
  • Special -  for a special service or occasion; adapted to or reserved for a particular purpose; surpassing what is common or usual or expected; having a specific function or scope; unique or specific to a person or thing or category; first and most important; added to a regular schedule;  a television production that features a particular person or work or topic; a special offering (usually temporary and at a reduced price) that is featured in advertising; a dish or meal given prominence in e.g. a restaurant
  • Speciality -  the special line of work you have adopted as your career; a distinguishing trait; an asset of special worth or utility
  • Species -  a specific kind of something; (biology) taxonomic group whose members can interbreed
  • Specific -  stated explicitly or in detail; (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique; being or affecting a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition; used also of stains or dyes used in making microscope slides; relating to or distinguishing or constituting a taxonomic species;  a medicine that has a mitigating effect on a specific disease; a fact about some part (as opposed to general)
  • spectrum -  broad range of related values or qualities or ideas or activities; an ordered array of the components of an emission or wave
  • Spironolactone -  a synthetic corticosteroid (trade name Aldactone) used to treat hypertension
  • squash -  a game played in an enclosed court by two or four players who strike the ball with long-handled rackets; edible fruit of a squash plant; eaten as a vegetable; any of numerous annual trailing plants of the genus Cucurbita grown for their fleshy edible fruits; verb to compress with violence, out of natural shape or condition
  • SR -  the unit of solid angle adopted under the Systeme International d'Unites; a soft silver-white or yellowish metallic element of the alkali metal group; turns yellow in air; occurs in celestite and strontianite
  • Sri Lankan -  of or relating to Sri Lanka (formerly Ceylon) or its people or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Sri Lanka
  • ss -  special police force in Nazi Germany founded as a personal bodyguard for Adolf Hitler in 1925; the SS administered the concentration camps; the United States intelligence agency that protects current and former presidents and vice presidents and their immediate families and protects distinguished foreign visitors; detects and apprehends counterfeiters; suppresses forgery of government securities and documents
  • Steroid -  any of several fat-soluble organic compounds having as a basis 17 carbon atoms in four rings; many have important physiological effects; any hormone affecting the development and growth of sex organs
  • Steroidal -  of or relating to steroid hormones or their effects
  • Stockholm -  the capital and largest city of Sweden; located in southern Sweden on the Baltic
  • Streptokinase -  an enzyme produced by some strains of streptococcus that can liquefy blood clots by converting plasminogen to plasmin; used medicinally in some cases of myocardial infarction and pulmonary embolism
  • Streptomyces -  aerobic bacteria (some of which produce the antibiotic streptomycin)
  • Streptomycin -  an antibiotic produced by the actinomycete Streptomyces griseus and used to treat tuberculosis
  • Strychnine -  an alkaloid plant toxin extracted chiefly from nux vomica; formerly used as a stimulant
  • stub -  the part of a check that is retained as a record; a torn part of a ticket returned to the holder as a receipt; a short piece remaining on a trunk or stem where a branch is lost; the small unused part of something (especially the end of a cigarette that is left after smoking); a small piece; verb strike (one's toe) accidentally against an object; clear of weeds by uprooting them; extinguish by crushing; pull up (weeds) by their roots
  • Stupid -  lacking or marked by lack of intellectual acuity; in a state of mental numbness especially as resulting from shock; lacking intelligence;  a person who is not very bright
  • style -  a slender bristlelike or tubular process; a particular kind (as to appearance); editorial directions to be followed in spelling and punctuation and capitalization and typographical display; (botany) the narrow elongated part of the pistil between the ovary and the stigma; a pointed tool for writing or drawing or engraving; distinctive and stylish elegance; how something is done or how it happens; the popular taste at a given time; a way of expressing something (in language or art or music etc.) that is characteristic of a particular person or group of people or period; verb make consistent with certain rules of style; designate by an identifying term; make consistent with a certain fashion or style
  • Sub -  a submersible warship usually armed with torpedoes; a large sandwich made of a long crusty roll split lengthwise and filled with meats and cheese (and tomato and onion and lettuce and condiments); different names are used in different sections of the United States; verb be a substitute
  • subunit -  a monetary unit that is valued at a fraction (usually one hundredth) of the basic monetary unit
  • Sudanese -  of or relating to or characteristic of the African Republic of the Sudan or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Sudan
  • Suicide -  the act of killing yourself; a person who kills himself intentionally
  • Sulfacetamide -  a topical sulfonamide (trade name Sulamyd) used to treat eye infections
  • Sulfadiazine -  a sulfa drug used in treating meningitis and pneumonia and other infections
  • Sulfamethoxazole -  a sulfonamide (trade name Gantanol) used to treat infections (especially infections of the urinary tract)
  • Sulfanilamide -  a white odorless crystalline sulfa drug; the parent compound of most of the sulfa drugs
  • Sulfapyridine -  sulfa drug derived from pyridine and sulfanilamide
  • Sulindac -  a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Clinoril)
  • Sundanese -  the Indonesian language spoken in the Lesser Sunda Islands
  • Surgical -  performed with great precision; relating to or requiring or amenable to treatment by surgery especially as opposed to medicine; of or relating to or involving or used in surgery
  • Suriname -  a republic in northeastern South America on the Atlantic; achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1975
  • surrogate -  providing or receiving nurture or parental care though not related by blood or legal ties;  someone who takes the place of another person; a person appointed to represent or act on behalf of others
  • Surveillance -  close observation of a person or group (usually by the police)
  • Swazi -  of or relating to or characteristic of Swaziland or its people or their language;  a Bantu language closely related to Zulu; a member of a southeast African people living in Swaziland and adjacent areas
  • Sweating sickness -  epidemic in the 15th and 16th centuries and characterized by profuse sweating and high mortality; a disease of cattle (especially calves)
  • Sweden -  a Scandinavian kingdom in the eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula
  • Swedish -  of or relating to or characteristic of Sweden or its people or culture or language;  a Scandinavian language that is the official language of Sweden and one of two official languages of Finland
  • Swine flu -  an acute and highly contagious respiratory disease of swine caused by the orthomyxovirus thought to be the same virus that caused the 1918 influenza pandemic
  • Swiss -  of or relating to Switzerland or its people or culture;  the natives or inhabitants of Switzerland
  • Switzerland -  a landlocked federal republic in central Europe
  • Symbol -  something visible that by association or convention represents something else that is invisible; an arbitrary sign (written or printed) that has acquired a conventional significance
  • synthesis -  the combination of ideas into a complex whole; the process of producing a chemical compound (usually by the union of simpler chemical compounds); reasoning from the general to the particular (or from cause to effect)
  • Synthetic -  of a proposition whose truth value is determined by observation or facts; systematic combining of root and modifying elements into single words; involving or of the nature of synthesis (combining separate elements to form a coherent whole) as opposed to analysis; not genuine or natural; artificial as if portrayed in a film; not of natural origin; prepared or made artificially;  a compound made artificially by chemical reactions
  • Syphilis -  a common venereal disease caused by the treponema pallidum spirochete; symptoms change through progressive stages; can be congenital (transmitted through the placenta)
  • Syrian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Syria or its people or culture;  a native or inhabitant of Syria
  • system -  instrumentality that combines interrelated interacting artifacts designed to work as a coherent entity; the living body considered as made up of interdependent components forming a unified whole; a group of physiologically or anatomically related organs or parts; a complex of methods or rules governing behavior; a procedure or process for obtaining an objective; a group of independent but interrelated elements comprising a unified whole; (physical chemistry) a sample of matter in which substances in different phases are in equilibrium; an ordered manner; orderliness by virtue of being methodical and well organized; an organized structure for arranging or classifying
  • TAI -  of or relating to Thailand; of or relating to the languages of the Thai people; of or relating to or characteristic of Thailand or its people;  the most widespread and best known of the Kadai family of languages; a native or inhabitant of Thailand
  • Taipei -  the capital of Nationalist China; located in northern Taiwan
  • Taiwanese -  of or relating to or characteristic of the island republic on Taiwan or its residents or their language;  a native or inhabitant of Taiwan; any of the forms of Chinese spoken in Fukien province
  • Tajik -  an ethnic group (mostly Moslem) living in Tajikistan and neighboring areas of Uzbekistan and Afghanistan and China; a native or inhabitant of Tajikistan and neighboring areas of Uzbekistan and Afghanistan and China; the Iranian language of the Tajik that is closely related to Farsi; spoken in Iran and Tajikistan; a landlocked mountainous republic in southeast central Asia north of Afghanistan; formerly an Asian soviet
  • Talk -  the act of giving a talk to an audience; an exchange of ideas via conversation; discussion; (`talk about' is a less formal alternative for `discussion of'); idle gossip or rumor; a speech that is open to the public; verb express in speech; exchange thoughts; talk with; deliver a lecture or talk; divulge confidential information or secrets; "Be careful--his secretary talks"; reveal information; use language
  • Tamil -  of or relating to a speaker of the Tamil language or the language itself;  the Dravidian language spoken since prehistoric times by the Tamil in southern India and Sri Lanka; a member of the mixed Dravidian and Caucasian people of southern India and Sri Lanka
  • tamoxifen -  an antagonist for estrogen that is used in the treatment of breast cancer
  • Tanzanian -  of or relating to the republic of Tanzania or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Tanzania
  • Tar -  a man who serves as a sailor; any of various dark heavy viscid substances obtained as a residue; verb coat with tar
  • Tasse -  one of two pieces of armor plate hanging from the fauld to protect the upper thighs
  • Tatar -  the Turkic language spoken by the Tatar living from the Volga to the Ural Mountains; a member of the Turkic-speaking people living from the Volga to the Ural Mountains (the name has been attributed to many other groups); a member of the Mongolian people of central Asia who invaded Russia in the 13th century
  • tau -  the 19th letter of the Greek alphabet
  • Telugu -  a Dravidian language spoken by the Telugu in southeastern India; a member of the people in southeastern India (Andhra Pradesh) who speak the Telugu language
  • Temazepam -  a frequently prescribed benzodiazepine (trade name Restoril); takes effect slowly and lasts long enough to help those people who wake up frequently during the night
  • terbinafine -  an oral antifungal drug (trade name Lamisil) used to treat cases of fungal nail disease
  • Testosterone -  a potent androgenic hormone produced chiefly by the testes; responsible for the development of male secondary sex characteristics
  • Tetracaine -  a crystalline compound used in the form of a hydrochloride as a local anesthetic
  • Tetracycline -  an antibiotic (trade name Achromycin) derived from microorganisms of the genus Streptomyces and used broadly to treat infections
  • text -  the words of something written; the main body of a written work (as distinct from illustrations or footnotes etc.); a passage from the Bible that is used as the subject of a sermon; a book prepared for use in schools or colleges
  • Th -  a soft silvery-white tetravalent radioactive metallic element; isotope 232 is used as a power source in nuclear reactors; occurs in thorite and in monazite sands; the fifth day of the week; the fourth working day
  • Thai -  of or relating to Thailand; of or relating to the languages of the Thai people; of or relating to or characteristic of Thailand or its people;  a branch of the Tai languages; a native or inhabitant of Thailand
  • thallium -  a soft grey malleable metallic element that resembles tin but discolors on exposure to air; it is highly toxic and is used in rodent and insect poisons; occurs in zinc blende and some iron ores
  • THC -  psychoactive substance present in marijuana
  • Thiamine -  a B vitamin that prevents beriberi; maintains appetite and growth
  • Thioridazine -  a tranquilizer (trade name Mellaril) used to treat schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders
  • thiothixene -  a tranquilizer (trade name Navane) used to treat schizophrenia
  • Thorn -  a Germanic character of runic origin; something that causes irritation and annoyance; a small sharp-pointed tip resembling a spike on a stem or leaf
  • Thrombin -  an enzyme that acts on fibrinogen in blood causing it to clot
  • Tibetan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Tibet or its people or their language;  Himalayish language spoken in Tibet; a native or inhabitant of Tibet
  • Timeline -  a sequence of related events arranged in chronological order and displayed along a line (usually drawn left to right or top to bottom)
  • TM -  a soft silvery metallic element of the rare earth group; isotope 170 emits X-rays and is used in small portable X-ray machines; it occurs in monazite and apatite and xenotime
  • TNF -  a proinflammatory cytokine that is produced by white blood cells (monocytes and macrophages); has an antineoplastic effect but causes inflammation (as in rheumatoid arthritis)
  • tobacco -  leaves of the tobacco plant dried and prepared for smoking or ingestion; aromatic annual or perennial herbs and shrubs
  • Tobramycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Nebcin) that is especially effective against Gram-negative bacteria
  • Togolese -  of or relating to the African country of Togo or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Togo
  • Tonga -  the language of the Tongan people of south central Africa (Zambia and Rhodesia); a monarchy on a Polynesian archipelago in the South Pacific; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1970
  • Topical -  of interest at the present time; pertaining to the surface of a body part; of or relating to or arranged by topics
  • translocation -  (genetics) an exchange of chromosome parts; the transport of dissolved material within a plant
  • Transmission -  the act of sending a message; causing a message to be transmitted; the gears that transmit power from an automobile engine via the driveshaft to the live axle; communication by means of transmitted signals; an incident in which an infectious disease is transmitted; the fraction of radiant energy that passes through a substance
  • Tranylcypromine -  an antidepressant drug that is a monoamine oxidase inhibitor; administered as a sulfate
  • Trazodone -  oral antidepressant (trade name Desyrel) that is a nontricyclic drug used as a sedative
  • Treatment -  care by procedures or applications that are intended to relieve illness or injury; the management of someone or something; a manner of dealing with something artistically; an extended communication (often interactive) dealing with some particular topic
  • Tricyclic -  an antidepressant drug that acts by blocking the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin and thus making more of those substances available to act on receptors in the brain
  • triiodothyronine -  thyroid hormone similar to thyroxine but with one less iodine atom per molecule and produced in smaller quantity; exerts the same biological effects as thyroxine but is more potent and briefer
  • Trimipramine -  tricyclic antidepressant drug (trade name Surmontil) used to treat depression and anxiety and (sometimes) insomnia
  • Trinidad and Tobago -  an island republic in the West Indies off the northeastern coast of Venezuela; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1962
  • tRNA -  RNA molecules present in the cell (in at least 20 varieties, each variety capable of combining with a specific amino acid) that attach the correct amino acid to the protein chain that is being synthesized at the ribosome of the cell (according to directions coded in the mRNA)
  • trough -  a long narrow shallow receptacle; a narrow depression (as in the earth or between ocean waves or in the ocean bed); a channel along the eaves or on the roof; collects and carries away rainwater; a container (usually in a barn or stable) from which cattle or horses feed; a treasury for government funds; a concave shape with an open top
  • Tryptophan -  an amino acid that occurs in proteins; is essential for growth and normal metabolism; a precursor of niacin
  • Tuberculosis -  infection transmitted by inhalation or ingestion of tubercle bacilli and manifested in fever and small lesions (usually in the lungs but in various other parts of the body in acute stages)
  • Tunisian -  of or relating to Tunisia or its inhabitants; of or relating to the city of Tunis or its residents;  a native or inhabitant of Tunisia
  • Turkey -  large gallinaceous bird with fan-shaped tail; widely domesticated for food; an event that fails badly or is totally ineffectual; flesh of large domesticated fowl usually roasted; a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1923; a person who does something thoughtless or annoying
  • Turkish -  of or relating to or characteristic of Turkey or its people or language;  a Turkic language spoken by the Turks
  • Turkish coffee -  drink made from pulverized coffee beans; usually sweetened
  • Tuvalu -  a group of coral islands in Micronesia southwest of Hawaii; a small island republic on the Tuvalu islands; formerly part of the British colony of Gilbert and Ellice Islands until it withdrew in 1975 and became independent of the United Kingdom in 1978
  • Typhus -  rickettsial disease transmitted by body lice and characterized by skin rash and high fever
  • Typical -  conforming to a type; exhibiting the qualities or characteristics that identify a group or kind or category; of a feature that helps to distinguish a person or thing
  • Tyrocidine -  a basic polypeptide antibiotic derived from a soil bacterium; a major component of tyrothricin
  • Tyrothricin -  a mixture of antibiotics applied locally to infections caused by Gram-positive bacteria
  • Ubiquinone -  any of several quinones found in living cells and that function as coenzymes that transfer electrons from one molecule to another in cell respiration
  • Udmurt -  the Finnic language spoken by the Votyak; a member of the Finno-Ugric-speaking people living in eastern European Russia
  • Uganda -  a landlocked republic in eastern Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1962
  • Ugandan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Uganda or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Uganda
  • Ukraine -  a republic in southeastern Europe; formerly a European soviet; the center of the original Russian state which came into existence in the ninth century
  • Ukrainian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Ukraine or its people or culture;  the Slavic language spoken in the Ukraine
  • Ultraviolet light -  radiation lying in the ultraviolet range; wave lengths shorter than light but longer than X rays
  • Unit -  a single undivided whole; an organization regarded as part of a larger social group; a single undivided natural thing occurring in the composition of something else; an individual or group or structure or other entity regarded as a structural or functional constituent of a whole; an assemblage of parts that is regarded as a single entity; any division of quantity accepted as a standard of measurement or exchange
  • United Arab Emirates -  a federation of seven Arab emirates on the eastern Arabian peninsula; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1971; rich in oil reserves
  • United Kingdom -  a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland
  • United States -  North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776; the executive and legislative and judicial branches of the federal government of the United States
  • Univalent -  used of a chromosome that is not paired or united with its homologous chromosome during synapsis; having a valence of 1
  • unknown -  not known; not known to exist; being or having an unknown or unnamed source; not known before; not famous or acclaimed;  a variable whose values are solutions of an equation; an unknown and unexplored region; anyone who does not belong in the environment in which they are found
  • unsorted -  not arranged according to size; not categorized or sorted
  • upper -  higher in place or position; superior in rank or accomplishment; the topmost one of two;  piece of leather or synthetic material that forms the part of a shoe or boot above the sole that encases the foot; a central nervous system stimulant that increases energy and decreases appetite; used to treat narcolepsy and some forms of depression; the higher of two berths
  • UR -  an ancient city of Sumer located on a former channel of the Euphrates River
  • Urea -  the chief solid component of mammalian urine; synthesized from ammonia and carbon dioxide and used as fertilizer and in animal feed and in plastics
  • Uric acid -  a white tasteless odorless crystalline product of protein metabolism; found in the blood and urine
  • Urokinase -  protease produced in the kidney that converts plasminogen to plasmin and so initiates fibrinolysis
  • Uruguay -  a South American republic on the southeast coast of South America; achieved independence from Brazil in 1825
  • Uruguayan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Uruguay or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Uruguay
  • use -  the act of using; a particular service; (law) the exercise of the legal right to enjoy the benefits of owning property; exerting shrewd or devious influence especially for one's own advantage; a pattern of behavior acquired through frequent repetition; what something is used for; (economics) the utilization of economic goods to satisfy needs or in manufacturing; verb use up, consume fully; put into service; make work or employ (something) for a particular purpose or for its inherent or natural purpose; take or consume (regularly or habitually); habitually do something (use only in the past tense); seek or achieve an end by using to one's advantage; avail oneself to
  • Uzbek -  the Turkic language spoken by the Uzbek; a member of a Turkic people of Uzbekistan and neighboring areas; a landlocked republic in west central Asia; formerly an Asian soviet
  • Vaccine -  immunogen consisting of a suspension of weakened or dead pathogenic cells injected in order to stimulate the production of antibodies
  • Vacuum aspiration -  a method of induced abortion; prior to the 14th week of gestation the embryo and placenta are removed by applying suction to the dilated cervix
  • Valerian -  a plant of the genus Valeriana having lobed or dissected leaves and cymose white or ink flowers
  • value -  relative darkness or lightness of a color; the quality (positive or negative) that renders something desirable or valuable; a numerical quantity measured or assigned or computed; an ideal accepted by some individual or group; the amount (of money or goods or services) that is considered to be a fair equivalent for something else; (music) the relative duration of a musical note; verb fix or determine the value of; assign a value to; estimate the value of; place a value on; judge the worth of something; regard highly; think much of; hold dear
  • Vancomycin -  an antibiotic (trade name Vancocin) effective against some bacterial infections
  • Vanuatu -  a volcanic island republic in Melanesia; independent since 1980
  • Venetian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Venice or its people;  a resident of Venice
  • Venezuela -  a republic in northern South America on the Caribbean; achieved independence from Spain in 1811; rich in oil
  • Venezuelan -  of or relating to or characteristic of Venezuela or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Venezuela
  • Venue -  in law: the jurisdiction where a trial will be held; the scene of any event or action (especially the place of a meeting)
  • Vet -  a person who has served in the armed forces; a doctor who practices veterinary medicine; verb provide veterinary care for; provide (a person) with medical care; examine carefully; work as a veterinarian
  • Veterinary -  of or relating to veterinarians or veterinary medicine;  a doctor who practices veterinary medicine
  • Vietnam -  a communist state in Indochina on the South China Sea; achieved independence from France in 1945; a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
  • Vietnamese -  of or relating to or characteristic of the people of Vietnam; of or relating to the Vietnamese language; of or relating to Vietnam;  the Mon-Khmer language spoken in Vietnam; a native or inhabitant of Vietnam
  • view -  the act of looking or seeing or observing; outward appearance; the visual percept of a region; purpose; the phrase `with a view to' means `with the intention of' or `for the purpose of'; the range of the eye; graphic art consisting of the graphic or photographic representation of a visual percept; the range of interest or activity that can be anticipated; a personal belief or judgment that is not founded on proof or certainty; a way of regarding situations or topics etc.; a message expressing a belief about something; the expression of a belief that is held with confidence but not substantiated by positive knowledge or proof; verb look at carefully; study mentally; deem to be; see or watch
  • vitamin A -  any of several fat-soluble vitamins essential for normal vision; prevents night blindness or inflammation or dryness of the eyes
  • vitamin C -  a vitamin found in fresh fruits (especially citrus fruits) and vegetables; prevents scurvy
  • vitamin D -  a fat-soluble vitamin that prevents rickets
  • vitamin E -  a fat-soluble vitamin that is essential for normal reproduction; an important antioxidant that neutralizes free radicals in the body
  • Vitamin K -  a fat-soluble vitamin that helps in the clotting of blood
  • Wall -  an architectural partition with a height and length greater than its thickness; used to divide or enclose an area or to support another structure; a masonry fence (as around an estate or garden); a layer of material that encloses space; (anatomy) a layer (a lining or membrane) that encloses a structure; anything that suggests a wall in structure or function or effect; a vertical (or almost vertical) smooth rock face (as of a cave or mountain); a difficult or awkward situation; an embankment built around a space for defensive purposes; verb surround with a wall in order to fortify
  • Warfarin -  an anticoagulant (trade name Coumadin) use to prevent and treat a thrombus or embolus
  • Warning -  serving to warn;  a message informing of danger; cautionary advice about something imminent (especially imminent danger)
  • watch -  a purposeful surveillance to guard or observe; a small portable timepiece; a period of time (4 or 2 hours) during which some of a ship's crew are on duty; the period during which someone (especially a guard) is on duty; the rite of staying awake for devotional purposes (especially on the eve of a religious festival); a person employed to watch for something to happen; verb observe with attention; observe or determine by looking; look attentively; see or watch; be vigilant, be on the lookout, be on one's guard, be careful; follow with the eyes or the mind; find out, learn, or determine with certainty, usually by making an inquiry or other effort
  • Water polo -  a game played in a swimming pool by two teams of swimmers who try to throw an inflated ball into the opponents' goal
  • weak -  deficient in intelligence or mental power; likely to fail under stress or pressure; not having authority, political strength, or governing power; (used of verbs) having standard (or regular) inflection; deficient or lacking in some skill; having little physical or spiritual strength; tending downward in price; overly diluted; thin and insipid; having the attributes of man as opposed to e.g. divine beings; deficient in magnitude; barely perceptible; lacking clarity or brightness or loudness etc; lacking physical strength or vitality; used of vowels or syllables; proced with little or no stress
  • Welsh -  of or relating to or characteristic of Wales or its people or their language;  a breed of dual-purpose cattle developed in Wales; a Celtic language of Wales; a native or resident of Wales; verb cheat by avoiding payment of a gambling debt
  • West -  situated in or facing or moving toward the west; adv. to, toward, or in the west;  the countries of (originally) Europe and (now including) North America and South America; the region of the United States lying to the west of the Mississippi River; English painter (born in America) who became the second president of the Royal Academy (1738-1820); United States film actress (1892-1980); British writer (born in Ireland) (1892-1983); the cardinal compass point that is a 270 degrees
  • White Russian -  a cocktail made with vodka, coffee liqueur, and milk or cream; the Slavic language spoken in Belarus; a native or inhabitant of Byelorussia
  • WIN -  a victory (as in a race or other competition); something won (especially money); verb be the winner in a contest or competition; be victorious; obtain advantages, such as points, etc.; win something through one's efforts; attain success or reach a desired goal
  • Wintergreen -  spicy red berrylike fruit; source of wintergreen oil; any of several evergreen perennials of the genus Pyrola; creeping shrub of eastern North America having white bell-shaped flowers followed by spicy red berrylike fruit and shiny aromatic leaves that yield wintergreen oil
  • Withdrawn -  tending to reserve or introspection; withdrawn from society; seeking solitude
  • Year -  the period of time that it takes for a planet (as, e.g., Earth or Mars) to make a complete revolution around the sun; a period of time containing 365 (or 366) days; a period of time occupying a regular part of a calendar year that is used for some particular activity; a body of students who graduate together
  • Yellow fever -  caused by a flavivirus transmitted by a mosquito
  • Yemen -  a republic on the southwestern shores of the Arabian Peninsula on the Indian Ocean; formed in 1990
  • Yemeni -  of or relating to or characteristic of Yemen or its inhabitants;  a native or inhabitant of Yemen
  • Zambian -  of or relating to or characteristic of Zambia or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Zambia
  • Zimbabwe -  a landlocked republic in south central Africa formerly called Rhodesia; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1980
  • Zimbabwean -  of or relating to or characteristic of Zimbabwe or its people;  a native or inhabitant of Zimbabwe.


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