Cerebrovascular diseases

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Cerebrovascular diseases are diseases that are a result of the problems that might occur in the blood supply of the brain.

Clinical presentation

Cerebrovascular disease often manifests in a person experiencing an acute nonfatal event (ie, emergency department [ED] visit, hospitalization) or fatal event, with stroke being the primary disease type.


Cerebrovascular disease is a leading cause of serious long-term disability, and the second leading cause of death worldwide.


Despite declines in cerebrovascular disease mortality rates in the United States since the early 1900s, stroke is the fourth leading cause of death among women and the fifth leading cause of death among men.

Strokes in the US

Approximately 795,000 new or recurrent acute strokes occur every year.

Annual cost of strokes

It is estimated that strokes cost the United States an annual direct medical cost of $17.9 billion in 2012 to 2013.

Increasing mortality

Studies have suggested that previous declines in cerebrovascular disease mortality and hospitalization rates have stalled, and that mortality from cerebrovascular disease is increasing significantly among younger adults (35–64 y).

Also see


WikiMD neurology

Neurological diseases and disorders

Cerebrovascular diseases‎ | Chronic fatigue syndrome‎ | Congenital disorders of nervous system‎ | ‎Demyelinating diseases of CNS

Epilepsy‎ | Extrapyramidal and movement disorders‎ | Inflammatory diseases of the central nervous system

Motion sickness‎ | Myoneural junction and neuromuscular diseases‎ | Nervous system neoplasia

Sleep disorders‎ | Neurocutaneous conditions‎ | Neurodegenerative disorders‎ | Neurodevelopmental disorders

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Latest research - Cerebrovascular diseases

Clinical trials


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